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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 18, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AKO ARCHIVES DCS M01NCS IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION V1ASQN CITY IOWA THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS m M 189 WKSJAPIUREKEYRIDGE ATTU House Rejects SkipaYear Income Tax Bill HEEDS THREAT OF ROOSEVEI TO VETO PLAN Doughtoo Declares Ruml Proposal Is Definitely Killed WASHINGTON o e ding the threat of a possible presiden tial veto the house rejected for the third time Tuesday the senateap proved skipayear income tax bill The action by roll call vote of 202 to 194 came on a motion to instruct its delegates to a joint housesenate conference com mittee tu accept the senate measure By its opens up the possibility oE a new stalehate house stood pat on its own measure the Robertson Forand bill which would abate a years tax obligations ror approximately 90 pelcent of the nations tax payers The vote tolled off in a tense climax to the seesaw struggle which has gripped congress Io months came after Speaker Ray burn D Tex predicted flatly the modified Ruml skipa year plan it passed would be ve toed Immediately after the vote was announced Chairman Doughton D N Car of the taxwriting ways and means committee sait io newspapermen The Ruml plan is dead We have killed it As long as Franklin Roosevelt is president of the United States it will stay dead ItepubUcaaLeader Martin ol Massachusetts saidf theres little lor us io say Our bill has been turned clown Its up to the demo crats now to present a bill Doughton expressed confidence a measure can be written in time for a 20 per cent withholding levj against wages and salaries to be come effective by July 1 Senator George D Ga chair man of the senate finance com mittee expressed confidence that the housesenate conferees can work out a payasyougo tax bill that will meet with the approval of the president FOCUS CONTINENT covers areas T f Thousands Drown in Floods in Ruhr Industrial Valley Report Cities Inundated or Isolated After U S BOMBS JAPS ON WAKE Flyers Range 1000 Miles From Base WASHINGTON heavy bombers ranging more than 1000 miles from their base attacked Japanese installations on Wake island Saturday the navy reported Tuesday Navy communique number 382 said Central Pacific I On May IStli a force of army liberator consolidated B 24 heavy bombers attacked Jap anese installations on Wake island Bad weather prevented ob servation of results United States planes were engaged by 22 Jap anese zero fighters of which two were definitely destroyed and one additional was probably de stroyed South Pacific All dates are east 2 On May 16th during the morning navy and marine corps dauntless Douglas SBD dive bombers escorted by army aira cobra Bell P39 and wildcat Grumman F4F fighlers bombed and strafed Japanese installations Santa Isabel RAF Smashes 3 Dams BULLETIN LONDON recon naissance pictures taken Tues day showed that floods started when Ihe RAF ripped open the niohiie and Eder dams still were spreading in two direc tions in the neighborhood of industrial Kassel and toward the center of the Ruhr indust rial valley Official German figures broadcast by Berlin said water levels were unusual ly high in the Rhine at Duis oargwhere the Ruhr enters the Rhine and in the Weser river below Kassel Huhr val ley flood caused by RAF blast ing of three dams on the Eder and Mohne rivers was described in reports from Europe Tuesday as Germanys greatest catastrophe of the war with thousands drowned and whole cities inun dated or isolated by surginj waters The nazis were reported to have proclaimed a state of siege throughout Westphalia Province the Ruhr province in an attempt to bring order out of Ihe chaos wrought by the spectacular royal air force at tack which burst the big Mohne and Eder dams and a third subsidiary dam on the Sotne tributary of the Ruhr river Aerial reconnaissance revealed that hundreds of millions of tons or water loosed through the breaches by great land mines had washed out bridges power plants stations and docks and flooded vast areas The RAP meanwhile pressed the biggest aerial offensive of the war shifting lo a new sector Monday night to raid targets in south Ger nany and carry the bombardment of hurope into its sixth dav Swedish correspondents in Ber m were permitted to send dis alches disclosing that the wreck ng of the dams had caused and still was causing heavy destruc oss of lifcpeiman as at Rekata island Churchill Talk to Be at Wednesday WASHINGTON fP prime Minister Winston Churchills speech to a joint session of con gress Wednesday will be delivered in the house chamber at about a m central war time house officials said Tuesday British sources said the prime minister will speak from notes probably for about 20 minutes as he did on the occasion of his first address to congress on Dec 26 Buy War Savings Bonds ami Mamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy were described disturbed The Stockholm newspaper Social Demokraten quoted nazi radK reports that the entire cily of Mnehlheim was flooded as were many localities in the Hanover area Other reports from the continent rii fi hy lafric in tlle indus nal Ruhr valley was almost at a tantlshll while a stale of emcr ency prevailed in the Kassel Dortmund and Duisburg districts Bombing attacks by American net British planes have been ccn ered more on industry than on troops or weapons for some time The royal air force blasting of dams on the Mohne and Eder rivers demonstrated lhat allied strategists feel that this blow to supply was morc tant than blowing war plants to bits The ministry economic war fare select the targets on the bottle necKs to German war Protfoc It is secret that the ministry has many other Ger man targets in mind for future raids The secrecy regarding he type of explosives used by foureni gmcd Lancasters in blowing up the dams led to speculation that a I new and more effective mine wa used The air ministry would no discuss the matter The RAF attacks on the indus trial vallejs and Berlin itself were followed by daylight raids by the eighth U S air force against Ger man submarine bases and wai factories along the western cons of France It was the fifth straight pay that ihe Americans had beei m action over the continent A special announcement by the Russian high command in Moscow paid tnbute to the British and American air forces It said that letters taken from German dead and prisoners proved that recent raids had Inflicted heavy damage London had three air alarms during the night and bombs dropped by small numbers of German planes killed at least 13 persons It was believed that the wreckage of houses and build ings might give up additional victims Three of the raiding planes were shot down over Britain Several ivayes of German planes sharoly attacked a Welsh coast town With high explosives and incendiaries Casualties were not believed heavy The nuisance raids on London extended into the early mornin hours A few bombs were dropped in each raid nnd antiaircraft guns were in action Two persons were killed when a town on the southeast coast was oombeel The nazicontrolled Paris radio charged that British planes vio lated Swiss neutrality Monday night It reported that Zurich Basle and other cities in northern Switzerland had air alerts Several German and French radio stations went oft the air dur ns the night The official Ger man news agency ONE reported that British planes flew over southern and northwestern Ger many without dropping bombs and said several were shot down In the first raid carried out ex clusively by liberator fourcn mcd bombers in the European heater the American air force bombed an aircraft factory and submarine pens at Bordeaux Mon day Flying fortresses made the ixth American raid on the axis Jboat pens and power plants at orient and its suburb Keroman Thunderbolts made offensive weeps of the Ccrbourg peninsula UT War airier boy Savings Bonds and voqr GlobeGazette Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Tuesday afternoon cooler again Tuesday night much warmer aftcrnoon OWA Continued cool with light frost in exposed places north central portion Tuesday night Somewhat warmer Wednesday forenoon with licht rain in west portion in late forenoon MINNESOTA Cool again Tuesday night with scattered light frost Wednesday JAP SUB SINKS HOSPITAL SHIP 299 LOSE LIVES Australian Vessel Brilliantly Lighted Unmistakably Marked ALLIED HEADUQARTERS IN AUSTRALIA WJThc Austral ian hospital ship Centaur bril liantly lighted and unmistakably1 marked was torpedoed and sunk in flames by a Japanese subma rine oft the coast of Australia lust Bnday with a loss of 299 lives No warning whatever was giv en The ship capsized and sanlc within three minutes Sixtyfour of the 363 aboard including only one of wom en nurses were saved Forly three of the crew of 73 and 245 Australian and British medical staff men went down most of them trapped on a lower deck of the blazing ship There were no Americans aboard The ship cnrouTe from bydncy to New Guinea carried no patients Survivors crowded on make shift rafts in waters swarmin with sharks were picked up 36 down General Douglas I MacArtliur expressed deep revulsion at the savagery of the sink ing The vessel was t ray eVmg unes corted and was fully illlumiriateci and marked with the Red Cross and complying with all provisions of international law itovernino hospital ships in time of war the announcement from his head cruarters said The weather was clear and visibility was excel lent VON ARNIM IN ENGLANDCol Gen Von Armm captured German commandcrinchief of the e ieated axis Tunisian forces strides from tlic airplaue which brought him to England He wears hightoped twagger stickHis aiitval coincided withUnbsh celebration ofthe allied victory inNorth This picture was radioed from London to the The torpedo hit al a m while the ship was 40 miles off Brisbane and most of those aboard were asleep below decks The huge red crosses oil side had been newly re Painted in Sydney two days be fore and survivors said the vrs sel as lighted up to glory It offered a perfect target for the murderous attack jt at v Sister Eleanor Savage of Syd ley was the one woman survivor Despite a blow in the face which gave her a black eye she never complained and survivors said her ervcnt prayers did much to help veep up morale It was only after the rescue that she mentioned a injury Doctors found three broken Sister Savage said she and her cnbinmatc were awakened bv a ernfic explosion They ran tolhc door and looked into the passige vay The ship already was afire Donning lifejnckets over thoir pnjamus they leaped from Ihe nip together The other woman ruckfloating wreckage and was killed sea was covered with oil yhicii fortunately did not catch ire Sister Savage said I am good swimmer and got to the aft One of the men gave me his ivercoat which I shared with a Syearold cabin boy first thing I did when I icard and felt the explosion and knew we were torpedoed was to ravand we said many prayers vhile waiting for rescue Frank Davidson ships butcher from Sydney saki he saw a mass of men tites an allied ship picked us all AH of the survivors vcrs croudcd on four rafts mid a of the shins wheelhousc which had been blown out by the ex plosion A half of them stood on this throughout the 36 hours they awaited rescue The makeshift raft was more than two feet under water most of the time and was about to sink entirely when they were rescued Some of the rafts had plenty of food and water Others had vir tually none but the ocean swells prevented transfer of supplies Sharks cruised about the rafts all the time and the men repeat edly drove them away with their oars One 72 foot shark snapped hungrily at an empty brightly colorod tin tossed the ocean and its sharp teeth sheared off the bottom of the can Announcement of ihc sinfcin did not say where ihc survivor were taken Mild temperature forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 55 Minimum Monday night 47 At 8 a m Tuesday Rai 09 inch 32 AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation futilcly to heir way up from a lower deck through the debrisblocked hatches He could hear them scream ins for help as ne jumped from the ship Before leaving the Centaur Dav idson helped one nurse don her lifejacket Ho never saw her again Davidson swam through the oil covered water to one of the rafts From there he watched the Cen taur go down though we heard airplane motors in the darkness but the pilot of the ship who was on the same raft said it was cliescl en gines Then we saw a couple of lights close by and knew it must be the submarine During daylight Friday we saw seven airplanes one big ship at a distance and ivc sent up rockets but then went unnoticed The next afternoon we heard an airplane and sent up rockets II flew over us and within ten min LEWIS EXTENDS MINE TRUCE Report Rivalry Over Who Should End Dispute WASHINGTON soft coal walkout scheduled for mid night has been averted by renewal of the truce until the end of the month As the deadline drew near for a work stoppage that threatened to cripple the nations conl output John L Lewis president of ihc united mine workers answered FOOD PARLEY READY TO OPEN Jones Nominated lo Serve as Chairman HOT SPRINGS Va MVJudge Marvin Jones head of the United States delegation was nominated by unanimous vote of the steer ing committee Tuesday to be permanent chairman of the united nations food conference opening Tuesday night The nomination must be rati fied by the conference itself Jones had been designated tem porary chairman by President Piooscvcll Jones irho for many years was head of the agriculture commit tee ot the house of representa tives would direct as chairman the efforts of the conference to find ways of making food an in strument for thepeacetime con struction of a healthier world The steering committee se lected English as the language of the conference French Belgian Luxembourgian and Haitian rep resentatives asked however that this not be regarded as a pre cedent FrenciTusuany has been iguage of international The committee also adopted a the language meetings tMUJJUJtl it modon that Ihe conference com plete its work June 3 not later than he appeal of Fuel Coordinator I fetes by requesting the miners to Sta coiuinue work under file existing agreement until midnight May 31 Postponement of the coal crisis for another fortnight brought signs that a strong rivalry has sprung up over who should settle the wage dispute Reportedly ready to negotiate between the united mine workers and the operators was Interior Secretary Ickcs to his capacity as fuels administrator and boss of the governmentoper ated President John L Lewis wired that he two weeks truce which would have ended at midnight Tuesday would be ex tended until May 31 However the war labor board winch Monday charged Lewis with challenging the sovereignty of the United States in wartime and giv ng aid and comfort to the enemy left no doubt thai it still consid ered itself the only agoucy ot the government authorised to handle the case U S Flyers Based in Britain Destroy 121 Planes in 3 Days in the same including 24 LONDON United atcs eighth air force announced Tuesday lhat it had destroyed 121 German planes in three days of operations last week American losses period were 37 nuuing heavies 10 medium bombers and three fighters Flying fortresses liberators thunderbolts and medium bombers together accounted for the bag of German planes The eighth air force in its four days of greatest activity flew about 1500 sorties including bomber raids and fighter sweeps Francc Belgium and Holland FORMER IOWAN DIES COUNCIL BLUFFS MG 1 Harding 76 former Council Bluffs mayor died Monday at the home of a son in Oklahoma City Okla in a log cabin near Crescent Mr Harding was prominent in re publican party activity French Have Invasion Day Plan Ready LONDON P Laying their bodies across ihc tracks in front ot locomotives the wives and daughters of Frenchmen drafted for German labor have almost hailed Ihe deportations to the reich Iernand Grenier former communist deputy who has joined the Fighting French declared Tuesday The lulcst Vichy reports admit that between 50 and 80 per cent ol the workers conscripted for Ger man factories failed to go he said Grenier gave a full account of activities of French guerrillas in the last three months and pro duced a sheaf of underground newspapers printed in France lo document his remarks He said the recently organized council of French resistance em bracing underground organiza tions had disseminated an inva sion plan to be set in op eration the moment the allies strike The instructions include these seven points 1 Notification lhat all separate resistance organizations have beer unified under a central authority from which orders for action will come 2 Mobilization starts the slant the allies land and in will be supplied lo all at thatmo ment 3 All economic ami industrial activities throughout France must be paralyzed by a general strike 4 Should Vichy military or iii licc forces attempt to hinder al lied or resistance operations they must he killed forthwith or taken prisoner 5 Prisons and jails must be opened releasing political prison ers 6 All public buildings includ ing railroad depots and radio sta tions must be occupied immedi ately 7 AH Vichy officials regardless of rank and function must he re placed by known representatives of the resistance parties Grenier said the council of re sistance represents no less than 90 per cent of nil nblebodicri men and women in France Man Charged With Murder of Wife and His Five Children FORT PAYNE Aln Dalrymple 27 year od Gadsclcn Ala automobile mechanic was ehajgcd with the murder of his wife and five chldrcti Tuesday in warrants sworn to by Sheriff E E Stewart Dalrymple critically wounded iimself was under guard at u lospilal in Gadsclcn where he was brought early Tuesday Stewart said no motive for the slayings had been learned Coroner Hoyt Wilson said all of he victims died late Mondav of Juliets from a 38 caliber pistol ircd by Dalrvmple who then went to the home of his parents shot himself once near the hearl 10 Killed in Ground Collision of Bombers at Ephrata Air Base EPHRATA Wash Ten army officers ami five enlisted killed Monday in a ground collision be tween two fourengined bombers at the Ephrata army air base Five others escaped The base in n report released Tuesday said one of the bombers collided with n sister ship preparing to lake off oti a routine night flying mission The second plane burst into flame An army bonrd is invcstigatin Ihc accident Lieut Frederic M rape air bate public relations officer aid Ihc dead included Sgi Kenneth L Johnson Scarsboro JOIN IN SOUTH NORTH ACTIONS Knox Report Indicates Campaign May Be Over Except for Mopping Up WASHINGTON American forces have captured a ridge which apparently is the main Japanese defense position on Attii island Secretary of the Navy Knox announced Tuesday United States troops advancing north and south across the eastern neck of the island Kno have been brought very close to gether by this victory if they have not actually joined The liberation against he ridge apparently climaxes the first phase of the campaign for his island in the Aleutians and Knux reported to a press con ference that despite stubborn resistance so far our casualties are much lighter than had been expected i The army troops on the island the secretary added have the full support of warships standing off to sea and planes operating from American basesto the eastward whenever weather permits Capture of the important height while its significance awaited further military developments to be fully measurable may have brought the Atttt campaign to the point where little more remains to bo done than mopping up Knoxs report on the Attu fislUine which began a week with an American invasion of the U S island which the enemy had held since last June was made only about an hour affer the navy liad issued its first detailed communique on this initial stroke to smash the Japanese hold on the western Aleutians i V One paragraph in the communi que said lhat the American forces were advancing against stub born enemy resistmcc from nu merous machine gun nests and lhat the enemy troops had en trenched themselves along a rocky ridge As soon as newsmen gathered in his office Knox noted that the communique had been issued and said we now have word that our troops have captured thai ridge and have driven the enemy out we are now in possession of the ridge The extent of enemy resistance from now on appeared to depend on whether the Japanese troops which held the ridge had retreated to new and less favorable positions or whether they were killed or captured The ridge runs along Ihc main axis of Attu island jjtan east and west direction To the north of the riilsc is Iloltx and to the south is Alassacre bay One of the American landings Max made at Ilolu bay and the other at Massacre bay V The pincers began to close in from the two inilial beachheads and Knoxsaid it was his under standing thai the main enemy de fense force in the region south of Holt bay was smashed by the Massacre bay landing expedi tion which he described as the miiin American force Once the American line is es lablished it tvould definitely pocket the enemy in the rclativelv small area at ihe eastern end of Atlii and Ihc job would become one or wiping out his installations which arc chiefly located in the vicinity of Holiz bay and Chicagof harbor a few miles to lite east T Knox saiil Ihnl so far as he knows the rrst of the island winch is the bulk of it is with out military significance and birc of Japanese installations The secretary said lhat over and above Ihc nurmu difficulties of
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