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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 6, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORV AND ARCHIVES OES KOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRrsS AND UNITED PRESS KUIX LEASED WUUCS FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 6 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SUCTION ONE HOME EDITION UlliiJ NO 179 ALLIES GAIN IN BIG DRIVE Reds Smash to Within 9 Miles of Novorossisk TAKE 12 MORE TOWNS IN GAINS IN KUBAN AREA Russian Warships Wait for Chance to Pounce on Nazi Evacuation BULLETIN LONLON The red army has advanced far beyond Krymskaya in the Caucasus and now is storming new German fortifications the Moscow ra dio reported Thursday in a broadcast recorded here by the Soviet Ulcmilor MOSCOW The red army hammering Thursday nt the north east approaches to Novorossisk has taken a dozen more villages in the area in addition to Kryms kaya and nine other towns which the Soviets announced they cap tured Wednesday in smashing through the Kuban delta bulge to ward the Black sea port One of the villages is about nine miles northeast of Novorossisk in the hilly marsh country through which the soviet troops are sweep ing the Germans toward the sea in a drive gaining daily momen tuni Armored Chieftain Named to Head U S Forces in Europe Emphasis Believed Shifting Toward Day of Land Operations MASON CITY ON ALERT FOR Massive artillery barrages Vj paved the way lor new thrusts mowed down hundreds of 5erman and Rumanian soldiers Uw front lines and ui decply positions planes sprayed the axis troops with bombs and cannon fire as they tried to cling to their defense points against the mounting pressure Bomber and lighter planes also continued to pound the Germanheld railways behind the front lines Prisoners poured back lo the soviet rear The loss of 7000 dead and ot numerous men captured in last few days has weakened the the LONDON of an armored force expert to suc ceed a flying general as com mander of United States troops in the European theater was regard ed by unofficial observers here Thursday as an indication that the aerial softening process was de veloping satisfactorily and that the emphasis was shifting toward the day of land operations on the con tinent Lt Gen Jacob L Devers an armored force expert was named by Secretary of War Stimson to succeed Lt Gen Frank M An drews who was killed Monday in a plane crash in Iceland Under General Andrews the American eighth air force do to full striking partner hip with the RAF General De rers is known here as a strong ield artilleryman as well as an armed force proponent 1 It was not officially disclosed low soon General Devers expect ed to take over his new command but it was reported authoritative y that he is not in this theater iow STIMSON DEVEKS WELL FITTED FOR NEW DUTIES WASHINGTON Gen Jacob L DevcrS chief of the ar mored force has been designated new commander of U S forces n the European theater Secre tary of War Henry L Stimson an nounced Thursday He succeeds Lit Gen Frank jYI Andrews who was killed in a plane crash in Ice and Stimson said Devers arrival in England would be announced from London I consider General Devers es pecially fitted to succeed Lt Gen Frank M Andrews as commander of the European theater Stim son said His capacity for organization axis forces but their strength probably remains far Jrom crushed For weeks Hitler has been bringing up tanks and munitions possibly in preparation for spring offensive in the Kuban V The Berlin radio said that Ger man forces had frustrated heavy Russian attacks in the Kuban bridgehead destroying 20 soviel tanks and that they had lialtcc several sporadic thrusts made by the Russians south of Novorossisk The broadcast was recorded The Associated Press by Krymskaya once a city oC 25 000 was taken in a flanking move ment the Russians said It was disclosed here that so viet naval units arc in the Black Sea awaiting an opportunity to pounce upon any ni7i attempt to evacuate troops to the Crimea by sea The roads in the Caucasus lead ing up to the front were jammcc trucks tanks and troops moving westward lo throw the Germans into the sea Far to the north the Finns re ported in their communique as broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press that Russian planesin two waves raided Kotka on the Gulf of Fin land east of Helsinki The Finns intimated British and Americanmade planes were used by the red air force saying two planes they shot down were Boston type bombers Finnish planes raided supply dumps and railway stations be hind the Russian lines the com munique said BLACKOUT All Mason Cityans were warned Thursday to be on the lert for a possible blackout order in the immediate future Chief of Police Harold Wolfe and Jack Wagner chief air aid warden for JMason City warned residents of the com munity to watch for an alert signal which will be given ap roximately 15 minutes before the blackout is ordered by iodney Q Selby Des Moincs executive secretary of the owa Industrial and Defense commission This alert signal will be sounded by police and fire ap paratus which will circulate throughout the city with sirens vide open This advance signal is planned as a warning for everyone o be on the watch for the blackout signal but chiefly to illow businessmen opportunity to get down to their stores and turn out all neon and store lights It is suggested that hey remain uptown through the blackout and be ready Lo turn lights on again when the all clear is sounded The blackout signal will be given by the industrial Ies in the city chiefly those at the larger plants These also will sound the all clear when the blackout is over LT GEX J L DEVERS and administration was thorough ly established while he was head the armored force He has been especially pre pared for this assignment as a re sult oE an extensive trip which he made recently through the Eur ope African and middle eastern theaters He is thoroughly conversant will present and future plans In commenting on Andrews death in Iceland Monday Stimson said the effectiveness of his lead ership had been demonstrated by the success of American aerial op erations over continental Europe Andrews was an air of the topmost men in his field Observers considered it note worthy that the new commander on the other hand is from the armored force Devers appoint ment some sources believed is in line with preparations for a land invasion of Europe possibly from Britain Stimson however made no reference to this implication at his press conference Devers became chief of the ar mored force at Ft Knox Ky on Aug 1 1941 He was made a lieu tenant general Sept 21 1942 18 COAL MINERS SURVIVE BLAST Huddle Behind Canvas to Avoid Gas Fumes LAFOLETTE Tcnn Eighteen coal miners huddling be iiind a hastily erected canvas par tier nearly 2000 feel underground survived an explosion that rockec the Etna Coal and Coke compan mine and suffocated ten of thci companions The miners fighting against th deadly fumes of black damp for more than eight hours stum bled and crawled from theirbar ricaded cell Wednesday night a rescue parties freed them Two other miners who ha joined the btvricaded group be came panicstricken and dashe from their enclosure o cleat from carbon monoxide fumes 40 feet away The explosion thinidcre through the East Tennessee so coal mine Wednesday aftcrnooi rocking it from tipple to the deep cst scam The dead miners were identi fied as Cecil Foust John Pclcz rari Dan Garrctt Doug las Lawrence Hale Albert Kitts Lewis White Homer Martin Oscar Ayies and Ernest Riggs Two miners who were almost outside the mine tunnel when the blast occurred were burned crit ically Three others in another section of the mine escaped in jury LEWIS IGNORES WLB EFFORT IN WAGE DISPUTE Panel Resumes Hearings Behind Closed Doors UMW Not Represented WASHINGTON L jcvvis united mini workers con Enucd to ignore the war labor Boards efforts to solve the soft roiil wage dispule Thursday as i panel took testimony from bi uminous operators Nominate Rogness for College Head SIOUX FALLS S Dak domination of the Rev Alvin L Rogness Mason City Iowa as of Augustana college to succeed Doctor C M Granskou was announced by Doctor H J Glenn chairman of the colleges board of directors Granskou has accepted the pres idency of St Olaf college Final action will be taken June 5 at the annual meeting of the college association The Rev Air Rogness 37 a na tive of Astoria S Dak was grad uated from Atigustana in 1927 After work at Luther Seminary St Paul and the University of Minnesota lie was ordained into the Lutheran ministry in 1933 and served pastorates in Duluth Minn Ames Iowa and since last year at the Trinity church in Mason City Auto Stretched tc Carry 15 Passengers SEATTLE hT The army stretches its own automobiles A popular mediumpriced mod el was cut in two stretched to six additional feet of length and then rebuilt mostly with wood It will accommodate 15 passengers Col K B Harmon chief of the Pacific coast ordnance district said a local firm now has a con tract for 100 of them FROM AFRICA COUNCIL BLUFFS Col Willard M Gaines injured in an accident in North Africa on Feb 13 has arrived at a hospital in New York City according to word received by his wife Connally Plant Seizure Bill Faces Uncertain Destiny Before House WASHINGTON con troversial Connally bill which would give congress official bless ing to government seizure ot strikecrippled war industries and mines moved to an uncertain des tiny in the house Thursday It passed the senate 63 to 16 late Wednesday after three days debate during which its author Senator Connally D beat back all efforts to return it to committee tor further study In its final form the bill not only legalizes the seizure of struck plants by the government but also provides stiff criminal penal ties for instigating strikes in them once they are placed under government operation Further on the insistence of republican members the measure authorizes the war labor board which was set up under an ex ecutive order to enter and settle labor disputes However it would not necessarily be bound by the little steel formula which permits wage increases of not more than 15 per cent over the Jan 1 1941 levels to match increased living costs The boards decisions would be subject to court review only on questions of law HOUSE HEARS BOLIVIAN HEAD Union in Americas Urged by Penaranda WASHINGTON Enrique Penaranda of Bolivia suggested to congress Thursday an American interparliamentary union to strengthen our ties of friendship and understanding The soldierstatesman leader of the second South American coun try to join the united nations as a fighting partner against the axis addressed the house ot represen tatives at noon as he swung into a busy second day of his visit to Washington at the invitation of President Roosevelt Wednesday night he signed the united nations declaration at a state dinner in his honor at the white house In his address to congress Pen aranda said that until now the legislative bodies of this continent had lived apart except for the bond of our democratic ideals adding Now that an era of closer politi cal cultural and economic inter change has fortunately been ini tiated it is the task of the law making bodies of the new work to strengthen our ties of friend ship and understanding by play ing an everincreasing role in the external relations of our coun tries This could be accomplished through an American interpar liamcntary union LEAVES 24782 ESTATE DES MOINES Judge Frank SShankland who died March 3 left an estate val ued at 524782 according to an in ventory Huge U S Shipments Made to Reds W A S H I N G TON casc Administrator Edward R Stettinius Jr disclosed Thursday hat the United States had shipped 1825477000 worth ol goods to Russia by April 1 An overwhelming majority of hese shipments totaling 3500000 ong tons reached Russia safely Stettinius said adding that losses were suffered piincipally on the iorth Russian route The shipments included more hin 1 million tons of foodstuffs tens of thousands of trucks jeeps ami other military vehicles and several thousand planes Stcttimus reported thai total j lendlease shipments to all coun tries since inception of the plan amounted to S7104731000 aside from planes ferried by air and ships moving under their own power which amounted to an ad ditional 5675000000 HESS FAMILY IS IN BRITAIN Disclosure Made in Question by Laborite LONDON family of Rudolph Hess former deputy fuehrer of Germany now a pri soner in Britain has arrived in this country Laborite WiHian Thornc said Thursday Thornc made the disclosure ii giving notice in commons that he will ask the government whelhe the 560000 worth of sccuritie wliich Hess brought with him to Britain is buins used to pay Jor the keep ot himself and family now in ihis Hess 13 year old wife Use and their 4 year old son have been re ported variously in Germany and Italy since the former No 2 nazi landed in Scotland the night of May 10 1341 with an abortive peace proposal Thornc said last October that Frau Hess had asked the British government for permission to join lier husband in England A spokesman for thegovern ment subsequently told Thornc that Frau Hess was not in Britain at that time and there was no question of granting her facilities lo come here Nearly an hour late the juun1 resumed hearings behind closed doors aact again the UMU was not represented WIB officials said Chas ONeill continued bis presentation for the lorthern Appalachian operators About 50 operators north and south and their spokesmen were on hand On this third day of a twoweek truce under which soft coal is be S mined there were these de velopment Nazis Fall Back as Tanks Big Guns and Bombers Blast Ahead ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA was officially announced Thursday that an allied offen sive had begun un both the second U S army corps and British first army fronts of Tunisia aw a field dispatch said the payoff battle is under way n W X American infantrymen captured strategic heights both north tnd south of LakeAcltkel in a powerful offensive supported by tanks field suns and bombers aimed at the conquest of Bizerte Lt Gen K A Nr Andersons British first army blasted the Germans from bloodstained Djebel Cou Aoukaz and moved on toward Tunis less than li miles awuy Detachments of the second U S uiny corps on the first armys left flunk closed upon the western defenses of Chouigui four miles northwest of Tcbour bu as the British approached Tc bcnuba from the southwest In both manpower and wea pons the allies held the edge Formations of allied planes ap peared over the central buttle at suvcnmiiuilc intervals Hundreds of guns and bombers Berlin Builds Towers for AntiAircraft By THE ASSOCIATED 1KESS The Berlin radio gave the Ger man people Thursday a descrip tion of Berlins new anliaircraft artillery towers In a broadcast recorded by The liiaroiii I likcs flic Associated Press a Transoccan istrator and current coal field boss for the government set up a sys tem where in an emergency coal could be seized from those who have it and diverted it to those who have not 2 production board nfti cials indicated a nationwide dim put would be ordered if the miners valk out again when the truce 3 The united mine workers who Weather Report FORECAST in west much cool er in cast portion Thursday and Friday forenoon freezing tem perature in northwest and north central portions late Thursday night MASON cooler Thursday afternoon and Thurs day night frost on lowlands Friday morning continued cool Friday forenoon diminishing winds MINNESOTA Cooler Tluirsclay night much cooler extreme east portion continued cool Friday forenoon Freezing temperature Thursday night Snow flurries north and central portions Thursday night and north por tion Friday morning IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 84 Minimum Wednesday night 48 At 8 a m Thursday 53 Rainfall 25 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 43 61 MRS RUDOLF HESS in Britain leficd the WLB gave nu that military correspondent was quoted calling the towers gigantic and saying that each one contained as much terroconcrete us 15 10 the west wall This scarcely l c 1 i e a b u helped the infantry and armored forces in the effort to drive the enemy to the evicuation penin sula extending from Tunis to Cap Bon United Slates foot troops and armor attacked along the en tire iKirlltcni sector their ul vancc preceded by u hi artil lery barrage and accompanied one of the heaviest allied air actions of the North African V X Axis troups were routed from amount the broadcast said is 1 Sistel Hciglts abovc hey would participate in the hear ngs Picking up where they left off in line with the board policy lot to consider a case during a iroduction panel hear 5 were slated to start with Charles ONeill speaking for the lorthern Appalachian operators JMW President lohn L Lewis vho has termed the board preju liccd against the miners case dc lincd to say in New York Wed lesday whether he would attend Ickcs chosen lo boss the mines icized by the government during he walkout issued regulations jetting up procedure under which can act to protect essential war jroduction or civilian users from coal shortages regardless of their cause Although he said he would not use the power to transfer coal from those who have safe mar gins to those caught short unless t is absolutely necessary he iddcd However when it becomes necessary to divert coal in emer gencies I shall not hcsiUilc to do explained by the immense thick ness of the walls and the strength of the foundation of he ijuns and of the ceiling of bombproof rooms1 The broadcast said that apart from housing a crow of some 200 men shelter could bo provided to many civilians There is even a room for child birth it added The broadcast asserted the towers also provided protection for valued works of art H xvent on Even bombs ot the heaviest caliber cannot do any harm to these towels These towers have twin HUIIS New calibers and new kinds of ammunition were devel oped which make defense aganist high and low flying enemies pos sible Miller youth boys have pro vided needed assistant crews for these guns Most of them are be tween 15 and and arc well edu cated 4000 Garments in Cleaning Establishment Damaged by Blaze DES MOINES than 4000 garments cleaned and ready for delivery were Unn cd or smokesoiled at a m Thursday when fire broke out in the spotting room of Barnes the cleaner The fire according lo Don K Bcrnharcl manager apparently was caused by a bolt of lightning which came down the chimney into the room The building and all garments were protected by insurance SWORN INTO RESERVE DES MOINES L Swagert professor of history at EstherviUc junior college and Richard Birney an engineer of Washington Iowa were sworn into the naval reserve Wednesday with the rank of ensign STALIN FAVORS STRONG POLAND Letter Reveals Plan for PostWar MOSCOW Establishment of a strong and independent Po land after Ihc defeat of Germany was advocated by Premier Joseph Stalin in a letter to Ralph Parker New York Times correspondent made public here Thursday by Tass soviet official news agency and broadcast by the Moscow radio Stalin added that should the Polish people so desire postwar relations between Poland and the U S S R should be based upon j the fundament of alliance pro viding for mutual assistance against lie Germans as the chiel enemies of the soviet union and Poland Stalins letter was written Tues day in answer to questions ad dressed to him the day before The letter was published Thursday in a copyrighted story in the New York Times The soviet union and the Polish governmcntincxile in London now arc at odds over German pro paganda charges that the Russians executed thousands of Polish of ficers near Smolensk Attempts arc being made by allied leaders to patch up the quarrel Achkel DJcbul AchkcVon the south and Djcbel Chiniti on the north fickl dispatches said and an armored column swung Irom rca above jMateur toward Fcrryvillc Ihc bombravaged Lake Bizertc port eight miles south of the naval base Diebel Chiniti was described as the biggest remaining barrier be fore the American and French units closing in upon Bizcrtc In a related drive at the south ern end of the second U S army corps line other troops pushed roup of hills cast oi hiln on the way to Acbourba six milcs cast of Eddckhila and 18 miles west of Tunis This area Jies north of Dicbcl Bou miles northeast of which was won by llic British Wednesday In vluit appeared to be a des perate fight to organize defenses on the roads lo Bizertc along which both American and French forces have been pressing to dis tances as close as 10 miles axis troops counterattacked repeated ly Wednesday in the area of Dje bcl Chemti north of Lake Achkel South of the lake troops left behind on the lGG7fool sum at the Green Mill at o Uiebcl Aclikct which lies between the bich bulcm and ihe F c r r y v i 1 1 c roads seven miles Miulhivcl of Kcnyvillc attempted to withdraw when they siw thr Tuberculosis Group Meeting at Cafe The Cerro Gordo County Tu berculosis association will hold a meeting at the Green Mill at oclock Thursday evening lo make lans for increasing the testing inogram in the county i Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GiobcGazctlc carrier boy THRUST TOWARD BIZERTK Arrows iiutujutc allied drives in northern Tunisia where K forces have fanned out toward Bixertc and Tcbourba from Mateur
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