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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 5, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSfAFER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED FUSS AND UNrrED PRESS WJtl FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 51943 HOME EDITION uiim THIS PAPCR CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 178 ALLIES 10 MILES FROM BIZERTE Other American Forces Smash to Within 5 Miles ofFerryville BIG BOMBERS IN CHINA BLAST AT JAPS Hi HAINAN Liberator Commander Says Airport Pretty Nearly Wiped Out WITH THE U S ARMY AIR FORCE INCHINA MAY De heaviest Ameri can bombing onslaught from a far eastern base of the 14th United States army air force struck Tues day against Japaneseoccupied Hainan island in the South China sea and the dock area of Haiphong French IndoChina The surprise raid on Hainan first direct blow at the island pointingeventually at nude by liberator bombers recently sent from the United States to augment Maj Gen Claire L Chennaults med ium bombers and fighters Both Hainan and Haiphong are major centers on sea and air routes from Japan to the south Pacific On the first combat mission the liberators under command of Col Eugene Beebe of Moscow IdaKo former pilot for Gen Henry H Arnold attacked the enemy air port and harbor facilities at Samah at the south end of Hainan after a 200mile overwater flight k off the China coast a 3t J Unescorted to the SHttentors in the words of Beebe uJ pretty nearly wiped out the air port One immense fire was started in oil and gasoline stores and four hangars were blown up Bombs also struck the barracks area Other liberators bombed bay j and naval installations Mitchell bombers commanded by Maj Everett Holston of Ta coma Wash bombed Haiphong which was cloudshrouded One huge explosion was observed in a dock warehouse area along the Bed river and it was believed an ammunition dump was blown up The advent in the China the ater of United States lourengined bombers with their great range and bombcarrying capacity marked a new phase of the aerial war in the far Pacific Nagasaki and other south western industrial areas in Ja pan proper apparently are well ivithin rinse from the most ad vanced air bases in free China The mission was the heaviest bombing and strafing raid of the war against Japanese installations from Chinaheld bases said a communique from Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwells headquarters It is estimated 75 per cent of the bomb tonnage struckthe target areas destroying or heavily dam aging fuel and ammunition dumps warehouses one oil refinery coal yards and dock installations Many fires were observed At Samah air drome hits were scored on han gars barracks and runways One Sire threw a column of smoke two miles high and was believed to be from fuel storage All the planes returned from Ei the raid the communique said Mussolini Declares Italians Will Surely Return to Africa By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Premier Mussolini in a brier ad dress from the balcony of Palazzo Ycnezia in Rome asserted Tues day that Italians were incurably afflicted with the African illness and surely would return to Africa AH the efforts of the nation he said were bent toward victory His address reported by the Rome radio in a broadcast rec orded by the Associated Press was made in the course of a dem onstration in the square before the Palazzo Venezia II Duce recalled that it was on May 5 1936 that he announced the creation of the empire after the fall of Ethiopia BELONGED TO FIRE MARSHAL OCHELATA Okla buildings were destroyed by fire Three of them belonged to State Fire Marshal T J Ellis THE HOUSE ON R STREETTim is the R sheet home of John Monroe and the center ol a House military committee inquiry seeking information about war contracts In the center of an exclusive Washington district the four story residence has been the setting for social activities Mystery Man Denies He Entertained War Brokers Jammed Committeeroom Hears Monroe Declare Parties Werent Orgies WASHINGTON PorteijMonroe the capitals new est mystery man told the house military affairs committee Wednesday that the widelypubli cized dinners at his big red house on H street were never orgies never drunken and never attend ed by bad women That was the highlight of the first hour of his widelyheralded appearance before the committee For the most part the scores of spectators who jammed the com mittee room were disappointed The fireworks they had anticipa ted didnt occur My guests were the best most intelligent people I have ever known Monroe said in answers to questions by H Ralph Burton counsel for the committee The witness who said he had changed his name from Monroe Kaplan in 1940 said he had entertained war brokers at his house and that none of his guests could say that one word of busi ness was ever mentioned at these parties Manufacturers whom he represented occasionally attended the parties because of crowded hotel conditions he said Monroe had to fight his way to the stand through a jampacked JOHN MONROE hearing room Chairman Andrew J May DKy declared an in formal recess while more than a dozen photographers workedon the man who had played host to cabinet members high government officials and members of congress May had to rap for order as the audience snickered at Monroes charge that press innuendoes in dicate hat Im a mysterious per son tainted with skeletons in my closet Monroe told the committee he was a singularly unsuccessful manufacturers agent and said he had worn S59W worth ot linoleum off the floors of gov ernment department outer of fices in an effort to see key men Questioned he said he repre sented three woodworking compa nies that is possibly I do and possibly I dont Im not sure since this investigation started Concerning his associate Mrs Eula Smith who like Monroe re fused to testify before the com mittee last said rectly I employ her shes paid a fee sort of n monthly retainer Smith looks up stuff for M he added At another time he old he committee he was a client of Mr Smith Monroe said tinder protest that he once had dealings with Nor man T Bolles general manager of the Narragansett Machine com pany which is under investigation in connection with war contracts I dont sec what its got to do with this but several years ago 1 had Bolles arrested for misap propriating some money he said Monroe readily admitted that was an officer the Perkins foundation which he said was organized to represent small manufacturers and had been out of business for a year and a half He said that while an officer of that concern he sold rifles and ammunition to the Dominican Kepublic W He said he had tried repeatedly to obtain army contracts for firms he represented but without suc cess I ran up and down those corri dors and pounded on doors and wore out more linoleum than any other person in town he said But 1 was never able to obtain one small contract from the war department He he had once obtained a contract from the Commodity Credit corporation for about S400 000 for one of his manufacturing clients Wasnt that closer to S570000V Burton asked Anything you say Monroe re plied You have all the figures Your agents were up there and talked to the company Anything they tell you I agree with Secretary of Navy Frank Knox Maj Gen Levin Campbell half a dozen senators and a sprinkling of congressmen and lesser govern ment officials have admitted being Monroes guests at one time or an other TEST IS HELD IN DAVENPORTAREA Unannounced Blackout Covers 6 Counties DES MOINES Q Sclby in dustrial and defense commission baid Wednesday that the first un announced blackout in the states iiistory was held Tuesday night in the six counties of the Davenport district The counties ue Dubuquc Clinton Scott Muscatinc Jack son and Cedar Selby said preliminary reports indicated that the blackout was a success Capt Alex Miller Iowa raid warning controller was in the district during the blackout It was reported that most ot the cities and towns used sirens to an nounce the blackout Davenport however had planned to inform its population by shooting into the air signal bombs similar to those often fired at July 1 observances The aerial bombs set off at various points throughout Daven port and used for the first time proved effective although there was some confusion regarding the alert and the actual air raid sig nal officials said Wednesday There were no traffic mishaps lowans Get Sample of Summer as Warm Weather Prevails I DES MOINES Wed nesday got a sample of summer The mercury had climbed to 72 in Dos Moincs by 8 a m And similar warm weather prevailed throughout the slate Tuesday the mercury hit a top of 81 degrees at Onawa The weather remained warm during the night lowest tempera ture in the state being 52 at For est City Iowa City Mason City and Estherville Scattered showers and thunder storms were forecast for Wednes day Ruml Backers Plan Battle in Senate WASHINGTON n d i s mayed by two defeats in the house and unsatisfied by the houseap proved measure to wipe out 75 per cent of 1942 individual income tax liabilities Ruml plan advo cates Wednesday carried their battle to the they predicted would pass the full tax year abatement bill Chairman George summoned tie senate finance committee into session Thurs day for speedy action on pay asyougo legislation The house late Tuesday cli maxed a historic party scrap by passing 313 to a compromise payasyougo bill Written by Representative Robertson DVa and Forand DR itwould wipe out the 1912 income tax lia bilities completely for about 90 per cent of the bering over 33000000 and impose a 20 per cent with holding levy against wages and salaries effective July 1 The democratic majority had narrowly escaped its worst drub bing in a decade as it managed to beat down the republicanbacked modified Ruml plan 200 to 202 A month previously the democrats had beaten the bill 21o to 108 The republicans then swuue swiftly behind the Robertsoii Foraiid compromise and the house sent this legislation to the senate thetransition to payas yougo the bih abates the i per cent normal and 13 per cent first bracket surtax on the 1942 income of all taxpayers erasing about S7COO000OOU of the SI 0000000 000 of the total It removes the 1942 tax liability completely for single persons with incomes up to 52500 and married persons up to 53200 The liabilities of others are substantially reduced Those not made fully current by the abatement would continue to pay as in the past but there would be no forced payment of more than a years taxes within one year Salient points of the house measure follow 1 Wage ami salary earners ex cept members of the armed serv ices agricultural labor ministers Soldier Spends on Trip Discovers Girl Is in Quarantine COFFEYVILLE Kans C H Yorke traveled all the way to ftiedway Maine to see his eirl friend She had been quarantined I spent SllO on that trip he moaned just to talk with her on the telephone Bay War Savings Bonds and Stamps from yoor GIobeGazcltc carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CfTY Warmer Wednes day afternoon showers thun derstorms and cooler Wednes day night and cooler Thursday forenoon strong gusty winds IOWA Scattered showers and thunderstorms W e d n e s d u y warmer Wednesday except ex treme west portion cooler late Wednesday afternoon and Wed nesday night moderately strong winds M I N N E S O T A Occasional rain north portion early Wednesday night cooler Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon mod erately strong winds north and cast portions Wednesday after noon diminishing Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday f6 Minimum Tuesday night 52 At 8 a m Wednesday 61 nnd domestic sevviccs will have 20 per cent deducted from their pay envelopes and salary checks such collections covering both in come and victory taxes 2 Persons with incomes other than wages and inessmen professional men would be required to estimate their tax for the current year and pay it within the year 3 Farmers would file a declara tion of their estimalcd taxes at any time on or before Dec 15 ol the taxable year 4 All taxpayers would be re to file final tax returns as at present on or before the March following the close of the tax able year and on Ihe basis of this return adjustments would be made for differences between the estimated or withheld tax and the correct tax 5 Payments mailc by taxpayers on March 15 and lunc 15 of this year would be treated as payments on the tax liabilities against IfMS income Taxpayers required to make declarations on their esti mated tax would file their first RECORDATTACK ONDORTMUNDIS MADE BY RAF 1500 Tons of Bombs Dropped on Nazi City Huge Fires Started LONDON largest force of fourcngincd bombers yet sent over Germany dropped nearly 1500 tons of bombs Tuesday night on Dortmund industrial Ruhr val ley city near Essen an RAF com mentator said Wednesday V V The air ministry said the very heavy saturation attack cost the British M bombers This toss was not considered exces sive and the spokesman reiter ated that the ratio of losses in this years attacks on Germany were only about liulf those of 1942 despite sliffer defense The bomb weight virtually equaled the 1500ton load dropped on Cologne last year by 1000 bombers The Dortmund blow however was struck by the r e a u I a r operational squadrons of firstline planes without resorting to two engined bombers second line planes and normally nanopera tional niicraft which were pressed into service to achieve the record at Cologne Dortmund among other things manufactures machine tools and produces gasoline The I1AF spokesmantiuid tht offensive was keeping four out of every live German night fighters pinned to western Eu rope He declared the German nir force not only was outnumbered on all three major fronts where it is forced to fight but was lac ins three nations whose produc tion capacity far outreaches that of Great fourIon bombs were amons those dropped on Dort mund and participating Cana dian pilots described the raid as the heaviest of the year Tens of thousands of incendiaries were loosed and these started flames which Ihe big explosions spread into great conflagra tions The Canadians estimated that May Extend Coal Truce Indefinitely By KKXXETH L D1XON WASHINGTON stale mated coal wage struggle stirred speculation here Wednesday that the 13 day truce under which ihe industry now is operating may be extendedindefinitely with Harold L Ickcs serving is boss of Uncle Sams coal haps for the duration Once again toul poured into the war production furnaces at full blast with most mines on a sixday week bul neither he administration nor the unitcil mine workers save the slight est hint of yiclcliiiK in their wartime watc and jurisdiclion al tugofwar At the same time few ijifonn ed sources felt another as that of last would follow expiration of Ihe truce although they conceded this was an optimistic view since UMW president Joim L Lewis plainly has given no indication that he would discourage another stoppage These sources stressed that despite their differences none of the principals in the dispute want to damage the War effort by cutting off the coal supply Both President ilooscvelt and f the fuel administration who now I bosses the governmentoperated declaration for 1943 on Sept J5 and those desiring to amend esti mates may file new declarations on Dec IS After if July 1 Ihe victory av would be 3 per cent instead of 5 per cent Exact formulas are set up for determining the deductions to be made by employers from and salaries and the witbl more than four twoton bombs minute Airmen said some fell P explosions were terrific Crews of the Lancasters Hull faxes and Stirlings said a huge belt of searchlights around the city started flickering out as the attack progressed Large areas or fires sprang after the explosions One pilot said he watched six big explosions and thnt the red flumes and black smoke might have come from gas tanks Nothing could have survived those officer Wil liam Max well of Leamington Onl said The destruction was big ger than any of us had ever seen before mines left no doubt Tuesday that they still consider the war labor board the only avenue for perma nent armistice in the coal case And Lewis stood just as solidly against the board which he terms prejudiced Ickes Tuesday ordered on a sixilayweck all mines which have received coal price adjust ments to compensate for the extra some saw that as a possible way out for the UiUW which seeks wage increases of S2aday and ior laltoportal underground ay among other things The sixth days timeandahalf would provide more pay for miners lion working only five But operator spokesmen insist ed most of the mines already a ax on such u schedule and others pointed out that even if that puvcri the way for peace any permanent agreement reached involving wage iucrciisGs would have to be submitted to the hoard for pioval If the truce time ends without settlement informed persons fell the miners might merely continue to the fields operating under the American Hag and the workers looking for any subse quent deal to be retroactive to the date ot their last contracts ex piration 17 NAZI TANKS ENTER TRAP IN COUNTER DRIVE Believe Enemy Looks to Cap Bon Peninsula for Last Tunisian Stand By EDWAKU KENNEDY A LLT 12 D HEADQUAR TERS IN NORTH AFRICA AP A in c r i c a n s and French smashing ilonjj the JMcilitorrimeim toward Bi sceilu have reached a point only 10 miles from that naval base and other American forces closingin from Blateur have driven to within five miles of Ferryvillc allied headquarters advices said Wednesday Ferryviile is 10 miles north east of Matcur and only eight miles across Lake Bizcrtc from the navat base The Algiers radio said the al lies hid reached a point only M Be zcrte A Paris broadcast said the axis ap forces were being regrouped in the face of u massing of allied forces for a new attack which was ex pected at any time I The penetration to within artillery rimsre of tBizerte was marie after beating back a German counter attack at Ujebel Chenifi norlii of Lake Achkel one of Ihe water defenses pro tecting the southern ap proaches to the naval base Pushing out of Matcur to the east and southeast the Americans also made a five mile gaiji and repulsed an other light enemy counterattack Djebel Makna a cast aide of the OLDEST INHABITANT DIES SfOUX CITY Lco nnis oldest inhabitant died late Tuesday in a nursing hnmc here following an illness of a year His father once owned the 110 acres on which the business district here is built launched from ridge on the River Tine Dispatches Wednesday morning from Malcur said American pa trols had taken Eddckhila miles west of Tcbourba Tebour ixi is 18 miles west of Tunis and the same distance southwest of Matcur These patrols apparently had branched out from the main movement southeast of Matcur and were near a junction with the British first army which has been fighting in the Mcdjerdn valley six miies southwest of Tebnurba Farther south the Germans also lashed out in a strong coun terattack cast of but 17 o their tanks walked into i British trap and Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers said 1of them wore destroyed Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette currier boy pendent Such exemptions for de pendents would sons paid on a be S1G for pcr biwcckly basis S17 semimonthly SH monthly 2 Victory tax pcr eciit of follows J Income tavcs 17 per cent of wages or salary in any pay period above the following exemptions Single 511 weekly S22 bi weekly semimonthly and S16 monthly married persons S2G weekly S52 biweekly S55 semi monthly and SI 10 monthly plus 58 weekly for each additional de or salaries in any pay per iod above exemptions allowable as follows SI 2 weekly biweek ly S2G semimonthly S52 month of family status The same withholding machin ery was a part of the defeated Ruml bill as modified by Repre sentative Carlson RKans who used the abatement suggestions originally advocated by Bcarclslcy jRuml chairman of the federal re 5 serve bank of New York Carlson predicted thq modified 9 Ruml bill would pass the senate and will be the final bill ap proved by the conference commit tee between the senate and house1 In the house voting on the RumlCarlson bill 188 republi cans and H democrats were re corded for it and 192 democrats 11 republicans and three minor party members formed the suc cessful opposition Hemp Permanent Iowa Crop Says Head of Industry STOKV ON TAGE 15
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