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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 4, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLJX ASSOCIATED FBESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL I FA SEP WOtES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MAY 4 1943 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION iniiir NO 177 YANKS POUND ON TOWARD BIZERTE Ickes Orders Coal Mines Put on 6 Day Week MOVE ASSURES MINERSOfMORt PAY INCREASES Ickes Formally States Action Caused by Need of Adequate Supplies WASHINGTON UR Solid Fuels Administrator Harold L Ickes Tuesday putxthe nations coal miners on a sixday week thus augmenting their take pay but he said that so far as collective bargaining between operators and the union is con cerned the situation is right back where it was last week After issuing orders that miners be employed six days a week where mine conditions permit Ickes told a press con ference that the major differ ence between he situation now and last week is that the miners are back at work after a brier nationwide strike The new boss of nearly 4000 soft and hard coal mines which he seized on Saturday at President Roosevelts order said ho had not asked either United Mine Workers President John L Lewis or the coal operators to resume direct negotiation on the miners demand for a 52 a day wage increase and that he knew of no plan for open ing such negotiations t am acting only as custodian of the mines and I have no powers to negotiate a contract with any time Ickes have not asked either the operators or the miners to enter such negotiations Ickes said his sixday week or der would affect mines producing 80 per cent of the nations coal Smaller mines not under govern ment control may adopt the six day week with time and a half lor the sixth day if they wish he said These are mines which pro duce less than 50 tons of coal a day Ickes said that he had no un derstanding of any with Lewis except that the miners would return to work Tuesday under a 15day truce MINERS RETURN V for Victory sign is made by miners as theyjstart clown the shaft to work above in the Underwood mines Throop Pa In response to President Roosevelts plea that mining of coal be continued Jap Supply Expedition West of Aleutian Isles Repelled 3 Enemy Cruisers Are Damaged byLight U S Naval Force TEMPERS AGAIN FLARE UP WITH TAX ARGUMENT House Nears Vote on PayasGo Issue Rural Plan Again Offered WASHINGTON house completed general debate on the payasyougo tax bill Tuesday afternoon and Representative Carlson R Kans then fonflalb j offered the republicansponsoret skipaycar tax plan as a substi tute to the measure drafted by the democratic majority of the ways and means committee Under the rules the discus sion may continue for some time before a vote is reached with each member entitled to recog nition for five minutes Tempers llared anew as the house riearcd a showdown vote and the heat subsided only after Speaker Ray burn D Tex ruled that one member in calling an other a demagogue had violated house rules The chamber turned to a de bate on after Representative Patman D Tex had shouted that adoption of the Ruml plan lo skip an entire in come tax year might result in im position of a federal retail sales tax and bring dangers of run OCCUPY MORE arrow in the above map shows Russell islands which have been occupied by Ameri can forces Ic If 2 U S Occupation of Russell Islands Revealed by Navy Group Is 18 Miles From Northwestern Tip of Guadalcanal No promises were made and none was asked he added Ickes indicated that issues in the dispute may be passed on by the said war labor board which over Lewis objections had assumed jurisdiction prior to the strike In response to a direct question as to the boards position in the con troversy Ickes said There is no way out if you mean bypassing the war labor board Ickes said there has been some cheating by mine operators on the sixday week on which many mines had been operating previ ouslj on a voluntary basis Some of them he have been opera ting only five days a week and have been collecting the additional average 13 cents a ton allowed by the office of price administration as compensation for payment of time and a half on the sixth day of work He said he had no figures to show how many had been viola ting the agreement but estimated that 90 per cent of coal mined in recent months was produced unclci the sixday week WASHINGTON Amer ican light naval force outnum bered two to one repelled a Japa nese supply expedition west of the Alcution islands March 26 Ihe navy reported Tuesday and dam aged at least two enemy heavy cruisers and one light cruiser United States ships suffered minor damage and casualties to personnel were extremely light a navy communique said The battle started shortly af ter dawn and lasted three and a half hours It ended when dar ing destroyers made a torpedo attack on the Japanese and the enemy withdrew Navy communique number 365 Ickes emphasized order is intended only to see to it that the mines are operated six days a week and that it is not neces sarily a guarantee of increased incomes for miners He added however that mines operating six days a week but laying oil men so that tney work only five days week will not be allowed the OFA price increase In New York City John L Lewis N president of the united miners said no comment when asked his reaction to the six day week order Ickes declined to answer ques tions on who asked for the con ference between himself and Lewis last Sunday leading to the 15day truce I did not and that is all I am going to say he said Ickes said the mines will be turned back to the operators just as soon as possible They will not however be turned back until the government is assvired of uninter rupted coal production ho added North Pacific I Announcement may how be made of additional details of the surface engagement between a Jnited States palrol force and a Japanese force to westward Attu island on March 2G 1943 previously reported in navyde Dartmcnt communique numbci 2 The United States force consisting of one heavy cruiser one light cruiser and four destroy ers was patrolling in the area o the southeast of the Komandorsk islands when contact was made with the enemy shortly after dawn on the 26th The Japanese force was composed of two heavy cruis ers two lightcruisers six destroy ers and two transports and wa headed eastward toward the Aleu tians 3 Firing was opened at lonj range and the engagement con tinned for fhrec and onehal hours His were scored on bot sides At the start of the engage ment the enemy force was lo in eastward of the United State force and in the maneuvering I reverse positions three of th United States destroyers launcher a torpedo attack which caused Ih enemy to break off the engage ment and withdraw 4 Extent of the damage i flicted on the enemy vescsls is no definitely known but shell hits were scored on bothbf the Japa nese heavy cruisers and onone of the light cruisers Atleast one tor pedo hit was scored on a heavy cruiseri Minor damage was sus tained by United States vessels and allics to personnel were cx light There was no doubt amour authorities here that the aim of the Japanese force was lo land supplies and possibly reinforce ments on their bases in the Aleutians Kiska and Attu That they did not succeed at all i this endeavor even though the American surface craft lost track t them was indicated by the fact hat subsequent reports have not old oE the presence of any of these hips at either Kiska or Attu This was the first report of the operation of American warships in he Bering sea as far west as the icinity of Russias Komandorski slands ilosie the Riveter Will Be Protected PHILADELPHIA os i c he riveter isgoing to be pro tected Ten detective squads and a number of policewomen have been assigned to sec that women war workers are not molested going to and from work Policewomen will dress in slacksand bandanas pos ing as working women They will be decoys in the campaign against attackers and mashers away inflation and printing press money Representative Knutson D Minn leading the republican Ruwl plan chal lenged Pa mans statement and when the Texan asked Knutson to yield the floor briefly the Min nesotan responded I do not yield lo any more demagogues Palnun immediately c h a 1 the statement and a dic tionary was brought into the chamber by Representative Dit ter K Pa who read from the definition that a demogague is a leader orator popular with or identified with the people Representative R a n k i D Miss insisted that Ditter did not read all the lower bracket definition Thereupon Ditter argued that it could not be proved that Knutson referred to Patman offensively Finally Rayburn after looking into previous rulings by the chair said that Knutsons statement did not avoid personalities and there fore was contrary to house rules Knutson then received unanimous consent that his remark be stricken from the record and the house after 15 minutes delay re sumed its tax debate The chamber expected lo dis pose of the sizzling issue Tues day and it was still anybodys guess as lo what plan would be produced and how the pocket books of 44000000 income lax WASHINGTON forces extending their hold on the Solomon islands have occupied the Russell islands which He im mediately northwest of Guadal canal the navy reported Tuesday The Russell group which in cludes two main islands lies only IS miles from Ihe north western tip of American occu pied Guadalcanal at its nearest point The sroun is less thnri miles from points in the central Solomons such as Viru harbor and Reketa bay from which the Japanese arc known to have operated Navy spokesmen declined com ment on the operation which was carried out in February after ene my resistance ceased on Guadal canal but presumably the Russell bases serve as outposts for Ameri can positions on that occupied is land Navy communique No 3G1 said he South Central Pacific thus iaining a base of operations much icarer Japanese centers in the Gilbert Island group The kind of fortifications being ct up on Russell islands was not disclosed Apparently the islands would lend themselves to flight strip construction although such an establishment might not be necessary since they He neai enough to the air field on Guad alcanalto have lighterprotection from there This occupation constitutes the first expansion to be reported ii the Solomons since Americaj forces moved in there August aside from the consolidation of Iheir hold on Gpuadalcanal Axis Tunisia Defense Is Set Rocking By DEIV1TT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst The American capture of Ma teur key communication center of the axis laststand defenses in Tunisia has set the whole north ern part of the long enemy line to our advance w a s officially stated to be continuing Tuesday This m a y easily lead to the isolation of the great naval base of Bizerte onlv 18 miles to the north MACKENZIE east of Mateur It may enable us to drive a wedge between the enemy forces of Ihe north ami south Some days ago 1 suggested that the axis defenses were likely to crack suddenly from the pressure of the five major allied attacks which were being made against the great arc of fortified moun tains guarding the plains before Bizerte and Tunis These thrusts were compared to the fingers of a hand sciuee7ing a toy balloon Sooner or later one of those fingers would press so hard as to explode it Well the American viclory at Mateur may be the finger to cx ilodc the balloon South Pacific longitude All dates cast 1 Urfcted States forces arc es tablished on the Russell islands northwest of Guadalcanal These islands were occupied without op position in February some time after enemy resistance had ceased on Guadalcanal 2 On May 2nd in the after noon avenger torpedo hombcrs escorted by wildcat fighters bombed installations at Munda in the central Solomons 3 On May 3rd a force of avengers and dauntless Douglas SDI3 dive bombers escorted by Mt Pleasant Has Air Raid Alert by Accident IMT PLEASANT UP Mt Pleasant had a two minute air raiJl alert Monday afternoon but it was an accident City Manager Lee Speaker explained to wardens and messengers who reported to civil ian defense headquarters that a spring had broken in the towns warning whistle causing it to sound off unexpectedly payers would be affected Climbing Auto wildcat fighters warhawk bombed and lightning and strafec fap Official Nippon Army Has Reserves for Only Short Period By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A Japanese official called at cntion Tuesday to American and 3ritish war production and as serted that the mikados armies now had reserve material left for only a short period of Ihc war A Tokyo broadcast quoted Kis anosukc Yamada high war pro duction official as saying The productive strength of America and Britain is pitted against the productive strength of our nation Strength of production is strongest in America Ships planes and other tilings arc being produced at a tremendous rate The allied tufh command in reporting the operation says that after ten days of relentless pressure and much heavy fiKht ine American truops have forced the enemy in the northern sector to evacuate all his forward po sitions Thats the way il looks to the military We folk back home casi Vl who are entitled to our little mo ments of prideful emotion can get a thrill from the knowledge that the ten days of relentless pres sure represented bloody slugging against a determined enemy in his strong positions among the craggy heights It meant swarming up the rocky hills in the face of heavy direct fire It meant in many in stances the capture of positions at the point of the bayonet Malcur is the strategic railway center which has linked Bizerte with the rest of Tunisia including its sister port of Tunis to the south The American operation is calculated to cause nil the axis forces between IWatcur and the sea to the north to make a quick withdrawal to Bizerte while the enemy on the south falls back toward Tunis GUNS START TO THROW SHELLS AT FERRYVILLE Americans Swift to Capitalize on Capture of Mateur in Tunisia ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA driving American troops quick to capitalize on their middle position after the seizure of M a t e u r pounded forward hard Tuesday on the heels of retreating Germans toward Ferryvillc which is 10 miles to the northeast and he dock area of the naval base of Bizcrte At Ilic same time other forces fanned out toward the southeast and smashed to a point eight miles south of Muteur toward the line of the Tine river only six miles northwest of Tebour has the gateway to Tunis After advancing about 10 miles the Americans were only 10 miles from Tebourba Tlie French in a communique recorded by the Associated Piess from the Algiers raido said con siderable progress was made north of Lake Achkcl in a drive along the Mediterranean on Bi zcrtcs defenses in cooperation with American troops and an nounced the beginning of a new offensive in the south forces passed to the at tack Tucday morning and began an assault on Pont du Fahs hinge of the line between the British first and eighth armies the com munique said The operation is proceeding favorably More lhau 100 prisoners have already been taken it added The British radio in n broad ecordcd by CBSsaid Iloiig range allied guns now have Ferry villc under fire and several axis airfields in the area have now been made untenable by iheir firc Ferryvillc on the southeast shore of Lake Bizerte is about eight miJes from the naval base is situated on the northeast shore The broadcast said the Americans had come up against line of resistance in the advance on In the northeastward push the Americans crossed the river Tine despite the destruction of a bridge by the withdrawing forces of Col Gen Jurgen von Arntm and shoved on toward Fcrryvillc The Tine rising southwest of Mateur flows northeastward a short distance east of Mateur and empties into the marshy land bor dering Lake Achkel one of the chain of lakes forming Bizertcs southern DENVER Mrs Harriett Fultons automobile and a street car collided The automobile climbed atop two parked cars rolling onward and stopping with front wheels on one machine rear on the other Mrs Fulton held her breath afraid to move Firemen rescued her Bui War Savincs and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Japanese installations at Rcknla Bay on Santa Isabel island De fense positions were hit and a large fire started All United States planes returned North Pacific 4 On May 2nd formation of army planes carried out eight attacks at Kiska Mitchell me dinm bombers and warhawks and lichtninn fighters partici pated in these raids Hits were scored on north and south heads At Gertrude Cove fires were started and one building destroyed Occupation of the Russell is lands was the second such move to be announced in the last two weeks On April 23 the navy re ported that marine forces had moved into the Ellicc islands in Bolivian President Will Visit Roosevelt MIAMI Fla UR E Enrique Pcnaranda of Bo via accompanied by highrank ng Bolivian government officials eft here Tuesday by train for Vashington where he will visit resident Roosevelt before inning a tour of war production enters The Bolivian chief culivc reviewed troops from liami Beach before boarding the rain The way tilings arc going it looks as though Bizerte would shortly be isolated and come un der siege Bizerte is one of the great naval porls of the world ranking next to Toulon union French bases This fortified port may be a tough nut to crack Be cause of its strategic position and its extensive fortifications i is known as the Gibraltar of France Nazis Fear Invasion of Sicily or Sardinia Bar War Savings Bonds and Stamps tnm your GlobeGazelle L O N D O N German radio said Tuesday that the allies have massed huge reserves in Al geria and Morocco and may at tempt a landing in Sicily or Sar dinia even before the Tunisian campaign ends Simultaneously a report reach ing Madrid from the Spanish bor der town of La Linea told of a stronglyescorted allied convoy of 20 ships plus a number of inva sion barges leaving Gibraltar for the Mediterranean at dawn Mon day These reports coincided with an intensification of axis wrcn all the ranean coast of Europe to fend off invasion which both axis and nenlral sources have pre dicted will be launched at least soon after the Germans and Italians hare rented from Tunisia The whole coast of Italy has been declared an emergency zone a British broadcast said and an Istanbul report said that German troops have taken over the strategic Italian island of Rhodes largest of the Dodecanese islands guarding the eastern en trance to the Aegean sea It was noted thai the German action followed closely on the con in ir largescale British in vasion maneuvers on Cyprus 250 miles to theeast Axis sources have claimed th a t American troops areamong the large forces stationed on Cyprus but this never has been confirmed The report that the allies have massed enormous reserves in Morocco and Algeria was included in a war commentary by Capt Ludwig Sertorius broadcast by the German Transocean news agency The allied high command perhaps far has retrained from throwing mass reserves into action en the Tunisian front it is planning a large scale landing action Scrtortas said The enemy may be planning a landing action on the Tunisiar coast since he realizes that a frontal attack on axis position would be extremely difficult and bound to result in extremely heavy losses or he may be plan ning landing action on the Sicil tan or Sardinian coasts A Moroccan broadcast said lha Giuseppe Bastiamni of the Italia foreign office has sent a mcssag to Adolf Hitler on behalf of Prem icr Mussolini requesting that th evacuation of Italian troops rom Tunisia be carried out simultan cpusly and under the same condi lions as that of German troops Weather Report FORECAST VIASON wcalhei Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night scattered showers and thunderstorms Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon IOWA Showers and scattered thunderstorms Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon warmer east and north centra portions Tuesday night contin ued mild Wednesday forenoon fresh to strong winds Tuesdaj afternoon MINNESOTA Showers Tucsdaj night and Wednesday forenoon thunder showers extreme soutl portion somewhat w a r m e Tuesday night cooler north west continued mild south an cast portions Wednesday fore noon fresh to strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 68 Minimum Monday night 37 At 8 a m Tuesday 52 YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 36 IGIIT PARTY WRONG NAME BOSTON Filomcna Lydick of Boston was granted n ivorcc in probate court after she cstified that her husband gave a bear hug and said I love ou To the mirth of Lake Achkel the French African corps with its fierce Moroccan Goumicrs and Tmcricuii elements pressed in upon Bizcrtes western hill defenses threatening to flank the lakes This force kept willi tiic Americans reaching a road junc tion at the northwest corner of Lake Achkel and continued lo probe the thicketcovered high lands which cover the coastal bell to only 15 miles away There was no indication as ycl how far the advanced elements of the American forces might be able to proceed toward Fcrryvillc Nabeul Hammamct Bou Fichai GERMANS S forces have captured 3I tcur in northern Tunisia and French and American forces have moved along the coast Arrows indicate drives
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