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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 17, 1943, Mason City, Iowa OCPARTMCNT OF HISTORY AM a ARCHIVE OES MOJfJES I A HAVE YOU BOUGHT YOUR FULL SHARE THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PBPSS UNITED LEASES WIRES MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APRIL 17 1943 t w i i M Ji iyi OF TWO SECTIONS ONE NO 163 600 PLANES LASH NAZIS British Battle Nazis in Hills at Gateway to Plain of Tunis Flying Forts Lead Heavy Raid on Palermo Harbor in Sicily By DANIEL DE LUCE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA fanlry of the first army has re newed its pressure in the rugged hills guiding the gateway lo the plain of Tunis after seizing the dominating height of Djebel Ang north of MecliezEIBab a com munique from Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers headquarters an nounced Friday i At the same time the French to the south in the strategic Bou Aruda and Pont Du Fans area with vigorous patrol ac tion continued to bear on the western flank of Marshal Er ivin Rommels Enfidaville line while the British eighth army engaged outposts and patrols in frontal activity Again the axis air forces came off badly losing 22 planes Thurs day and Thursday night 12 of them big Italian or German trans ports in clashes vith northwest African western desert and Malta airmen The desert pilots destroy ed 10 planes in one engagement when Spitfires sighted 12 to 18 transports with fighter escort over the Tunisian coast Altogether the allies lost eight planes The pressure by the first army of Gen K A N Anderson against the relatively thin screen of high ground standing between it and the open country lo Tunis 30 miles distant was continued with fierce determination but the com munique did not indicate any ad vance of the British mountain brigades since they took firm hold of Djebel Ang eight miles north of MedjezElBab in midweek French forces which swept the Tunisian eastern dorsal clean of the enemy hammered at strong points to which Rommel had an chored the western end of his southern defenses and the eighth army probed this line running 30 miles due west of Enfidaville enemy artillery was em placed on the high ground 50 miles south of Tunis The keynote of the Tunisian campaign was struck by Eisen hower with the assertion that hard fighting still lies ahead be fore we throw the enemy out of North Africa Flying fortresses again led the devastating allied air offensive with an afternoon raid on Pal ermo harbor in Sieily Friday where they scored direct hits on four merchant vessels and dam aged two destroyers one of which causht fire In addition two hopper barges and a motor ferry were destroyed numerous small craft wrecked and many bursting bombs dropped on the power station naval headquar ters the seaplane base and he warehouse era American lighlniuEs at almost Ihe same time located and bombed three supply ships and a large barge in a cove near Cap Serrat blowing up the barge Oudna airfield south of Tunis was covered with bomb bursts from large formations of medium Mitchells and maruaders and six to eight trucks were destroyed and a nearby railway station wrecked in this foray Eisenhower Reports Casualties of 2nd U S Corps Total 5372 April 10 our air forces destroyed 3 German planes in the air sank one Italian cruiser and damaged another ALLIED TM Both Air Mavshal Sir Arthur NORTH Gen air and Lt Dwight D Elsenhower disclosed Saturday that the second U S army corps had captured 4680 prisoners in recent fighting on the Tunisian front destroyed or cap tured 683 axis vehicles destroyed or damaged 69 tanks and captured 150 guns At the same time he revealed that second corps casualties were 5372 killed wounded and missing V The second American corps accomplished what it set out to do drawing off the German troops from in front of the eighth army and at the time in the battle when Gen Sir Bernard L Mont gomerys forces broke Gen Carl Spaatz chief of the northwest African air force at tended the conference General Eisenhower estimated tlie allied air campaign had drawn 25 per cent of the German fighter strength to the Mediterranean and Sir Arthur nodcied agreement Taking up the recent break ing of the Mareth line in south ern Tunisia General Eisen hower asserted the operations had been a perfect example of what cooperation of land sea and air forces could do through was holding approximately 35000 axis troops in the El GuetarMak nassy area the commander in chief declared at one of his rare on the record press conferences Gen Sir Harold Alexander Eisenhowers deputy in charge of land operations earlier had cited LtGen George S Patlon for the work of the second corps saying that it had executed assigned tasks foremost of which was to secure Gafsa as an administrative base for the eighth army Alexander expressed my grati tude and thanks to Patton his staff and his men for their local support and active cooperation in the part they played in this great victory In addition to the prisoners and other materials taken the tro phies included 150 machineguns and 25000 land mines American casualties were listed by Eisenhower as SOS killed 3610 wounded aqd 859missing Wearing ridingr breeches boots and a shirt the officer re ceived correspondents after a twoday trip to the northern front during which he inspected the Beja area scene of a recent battle He also inspected de stroyed Mark VI tanks the 60 ton tigers of the nazis The general reviewed the en tire north African campaign from astounding results had been achieved in the air and on the sea Sir Harold Alexander was in complete charge of all ground forces on the Tunisian front Eisenhower said the American second army corps and the British first army were given duties which they performed well It was obvious from the start that the eighth army with six trained divisions would have to be the spearhead of any thrust The Americans were given the job of doing three things 1 To draw off axis strength from the Marelh line by pushing forward in the El Guetar region 2 es tablishing a large supply base for the eighth army so that when General Montgomerys forces broke through they would have the power to keep going and 3 to capture air fields that could give cover for the eighth army drive Because they accomplished these tasks successfully Mont gomery able to smash through the German defenses catchine Rommel by surprise Eisenhower said Rommel was caught by surprise because the Germans believed the eighth army was not ready for the big push Meanwhile in the north Ihc first army carried out a series of attacks successfully engaging the Germans in that area Eisen hower said as a result of this combined effort there was nothing for Rommel to do but run like hell when the eighth army broke through which he did I regard Alexanders disposi tions of troops as a fine example of military work the commander in chief said Many Children to Be Evacuated From Paris LONDON Paris radio said Saturday that children will be evacuated from Paris on an extensive scale presumably be cause of the danger 6f allied air raids The first contingent 01 1000 will leave soon for reception areas where they will be placed in camps or billeted in private homes the broadcast said ea Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Finally Gets unnmgham estimates that by on Foodstuffs Used in Chinese Restaurant ALLIED FORCES Americans Captured 3 Rfl PDFttlNP Ml IN4680 Pnsoners in Recent IU IN UN Fighting on Tunisian Front IN ONE DAY ON ROMMEL AREA L combined sea and air action ap proximately 50 per cent of the shipping carrying supplies to Africa have been destroyed Gen era Eisenhower said It has been obvious since the start of the campaign that Tunisia is the key position of the African campaign he added We landed and were mainly concerned only in securing Orati Algiers and Casablanca We did not bring along heavy forces equipped for a drive eastward The commander then ex plained that Lt Gen K A N Andersons British first army was only a small foree which had taken great risks in an ef fort to seize Tunisia laic last fall from under the nose of the axis Thil early drive did obtain great results although it did not reach Tunis he said It crowded the Germans into a narrow front and provided lines from which we were able to hammer Rommels supply lines and never let him gather enough strength to stand against the British eighth army The results in the air have been astounding For example on OMAHA Charles Snund crs Omaha OPA director Satur day was seeking a Chinese inter preter An Omaha Chinese restaurant proprietor had been remiss in sending in his reports of the amounts of foodstuffs consumed at his cafe The oriental replied to questions of inspectors that he had been purchasing about S2500 worth a month and had the cus tomary me no talkec English reply for further prodding Finally Saundcrs served notice on the Chinamans nativeborn adviser that he must have records of the restaurant Saturday he got them all neat ly tabulated in Chinese JAPS IN KISKA Nipponese Striving to Put New Air Base on Island Into Operation WASHINGTON furi ous aerial offensive against Japa nese forces on Kiska island hit an other peak of intensity Thursday the navy disclosed Saturday when bombers of the Aleutians com mand raided the island 13 times causing numerous fires and ex plosions among enemy positions Enemy antiaircraft guns shot down one United States heavy bomber Navy communique No said North Pacific 1 On April 14 two addi tional attacks were made by army warhawk Curtis P40 and lightning Lockheed P38 fishtcrs against Japanese in stallations at Kiska raising to 10 the total of attacks on that date 2 On April 15 Japanese in stallations at Kiska were attacked 13 times by formations of U army bombers Liberator heavy bombers consolidated B24 Mitchell medium bombers North American and lightning and warhawk fighters carried oul these raids Many hits were scarce in the main camp and on the run way and hangar areas causing numerous fires and explosions One heavy bomber wTas shot down by enemy antiaircraft fire Saturdays was the second com munique report on operations o April H Fridays communique re ported that eight attacks had been made on Kiska on the 14th result ing in damage to the enemys camp runway and revetments built to protect airplanes if There was still no indication that the Japanese have been able to put into operation the airbasc which they have been striving for many weeks to complete Evidence that their antiaircraft defenses remain very strong it they have not actually been fur ther increased recently was found in the fact that an Amer ican heavy bomber was shot down by AA fire Naval officers said they assumed the 13 raids were carried oul en lircly during daylight hours The number of raids delivered each clay has been increasing stcaclily as the days lengthen The present week has been the heaviest week of fighting so far in the Aleutians It began Sunday with four raids against the enemy held island and through Thursday the island had been attacked 43 times Since March I when the present offensive got under way it has been attacked times Secretary Knox disclosed at his press conference Friday that one flight of bombers may participate in two or more raids He was ask ed whether this did not mean that the United States must have bases quite close to Kiskn and replied Pretty close 2 DIE OF ASPHYXIATION GR1NNELL and Mrs R H Gray 81 and 89 whose bodies were found in their home here Friday died of accidental asphyxiation Coroner R Phil lip declared The coroner said an unlighled gas heater was responsi ble for the tragedy The Choice Is Up to Us By ELMER DAVIS Director Office of War Information Written for the Associated Press and the GlobeGazette given an opportunity security Their money in the inri m mvn and their and property are systematically confiscated When we wonder whether we can afford another war bond we thing if couldnt attod WlU bUy cnolSh bollds lo V Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Saturday afternoon and Saturday night lowest temperature in iUason City 32 not much change in temperature Sunday forenoon IOWA Not quite so cold north and southcentral portions Sat urday night warmer Sunday forenoon light frost extreme cast portion Saturday night MINNESOTA Showers southwest portion Sunday forenoon Not quite so cold Saturday night south and cast portion Little change in temperature Sunday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 45 Minimum Friday night 23 At 8 a m Saturday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum so Minimum 3g SKODA MUNITIONS PLANT AT PILSEN Air Wardens to Visit Homes Only 200 Attend Monday Night in Bond Drive Whistles to Sound at 6 p m Marking Start of HousetoHouse Survey Junior Chamber Session CEDAR RAPIDS The second war loan campaign will be brought home literally to everyone in Msson City Monday evening And patriotic citizens will be expected to be at home o receive the representatives of the war finance committee Preparations continued Satur day for the oclock breakfast at the Hotel Hanford for which there will be a cover charge of an SI875 bond or better pur chased April 12 or later Indica tions are there will be a large attendance at this event A bond or receipt for a bond that has been purchased must be presented The yellow air raid warning signal will be sounded by the citys steam whistles at 6 oclock Monday evening the starting sig nal for the citys block wardens and fire watchers to canvass every home in their block lo ask two questions 1 Have you bought a bond in April 2 Have you ever signed a war bond purchase pledge in Ccrro Oordo county These two neighbors will be equipped with complete informa tion and a circular to be left in each household telling of this market basket of government se curities from which the house holder can make a choice the war finance committee announced Saturday No bonds will be sold and no money will be accepted by these two representatives two day convention of the Iowa Ju war loan drive to do so immciii Chamber of C o m m c r c c fllcly showing strongly the effects oi Those who already have inroads made by the armed serv botiglit a bom this month will bclicos asked lo buy an extra one Those Convert Those War Stamps Into Bonds The importance of turning in stamp books on war bonds was emphasized Saturday by the county war finance committee There are thousands of dollars worth of war savings stamp lying in Cerro Gordo county cupboards and drawers Lets change them into fullfledRcd fighting size by converting them into bonds Its well to remem ber too that those K bonds net about 3 per cent interest Con vert those stamps today1 who do not have Ihc funds fo in vest in u bond will be asked to buy war savings stamps to the limit of their ability It will be the aim of Chief Air Raid Warden lack Wagner and his workers lo visit every home in the city before the all clear signal is sounded by the whistles at 9 oclock it was stated V It is the patriotic duty of every resident to be at home and wel come these minute men of the of fice of civiliandefense the war finance commitec declared Do yon the united nations to win this war Do you have a home rf so soy From C to Ill be hi mine members all of whom are under i ivill come to a close here Saturday night Only about 200 delegates are present as com pared to a normal 500 at n peace time convention Between 40 and 50 per cent of the organizations peacetime membership of 2300 is in the armed services Julius R Jensen of DCS Moincs and Fred Schwcngel of Davenport arc can didates to succeed Dr C C Schierk of Algona as president of the war finance committee They will p1 Buy War Savings Bonds and peal to hose who have not purStamps from your GlobeGazette chased bonds during the second I carrier boy Have You Got Someone Needs It All unused articles are enemy aliens If you dont need it sell it to someone who does Use the classified ads during National Want Ad week April 19 to 2i TURN TO PACK 4 FOR DETAILS Remember Want Ads Bring Results RAF LOSES 55 BIG CRAFT WITH MASS ATTACKS Mannheim Pilsen and Ludwigshaven Pounded in Assaults in Moonlight LONDON than 600 ombers roared out in moonlight Yiclay night to strike heavily at Mannheim Ludwigshaven and Pil latter in Germanoccu ned CzechoSlovakia the home of he Skoda munitions vhal the air ministry Saturday ailed the biggest night operation his year Fiftyfive planes are Hissing in the raids it was an lounccd if If The air ministrys description of the raid indicated that it sur passed the 1003ton bomb as saull on Lorient St Nazaire and Eiscti in February and March V Although the loss of 55 bombers 10 per cent of the force the authoritative view was that the losses were not out of proportion to the damage done to important targets A 10 er cent loss has been commonly regarded as too extravagant if sustained over a long period for the continuation an offensive Thirtyseven of the planes were missing trom the Pilsen mission which the air ministry said was accomplished by Lancastcrs and Halifaxes in great force Pilsen is also the home of the worldfamed Pilsen brewery Mannheim and Ludwigshaven arc on the Rhine in southwestern Germany connected by a bridge across the river Antithcr force of Wellingtons Stirling und Halifaxes attacked the armament works centered in that area and 18 bombers are missing from that raid it was announced Preliminary reports indicate that both attacks uere concen trated and successful the com municnie said The bomber losses in Friday nights operation were the great est suffered by the British in this war The previous high mark was 52 in the Bremen 1000bomber raid June 25 3942 In other raids in force 44 bombers were lost over Cologne May 30 1942 and 35 over Essen June 1 1942 f The German radio early Sat urday broadcast the assertion that 51 bombers were shot down but said that this figure repre sented only incomplete returns The broadcast was recorded by thc Associated Press The Berlin radio indicated also that the Russians had made the nights operations a threeway bombsowing with another raid on northeast Germany Russian planes raided Kocnigsberg and Danzig Wednesday night Tersely announcing the large scale raids the British air minis try issued this communique Satur day Friday night more than aircraft of the bomber command in the biggest night operation this year heavily attacked the two most important center of Ger man armament production Lancastcrs and Halitaxcs in great force penetrated to the Skoda armament works at Pilscn in CzcchoSlovakia Thirty seven arc missing the same time another foice of Wellingtons Stirlings and Hal ifaxes attacked the armament center of Mannheim Ludwig shaven Eighteen arc missing Preliminary reports indicate both attacks were concentrated and successful It was the raid of the war on Mannheim home of Krcat war industries including the t G Farbcn Industrie chemical manufacturers in su burban Ludwigshaven The raid on Pilscn was the fifth by the RAF The last was in May 1342 when a force of Stir lings made a MOOmilc round trip to the CzechoSlovakia mu nitions center The Skoda works which covers 1400 acres were ranked with the Krupps and the SchncidcrKreu j sot works in France as the larg ct arms plants in the fore the RAF went to work on them Skodas 30000 workers have tinned out tanks heavy artillery armored cars plane parts and en gines and shells by the y
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