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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 12, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF fi T 0 Pi Y A H 0 A i C r E 3 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 12 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS 1 SECTION ONE NO 158 CHASE ROMMEL PAST SOUSSE ri NORTH IOWANS JOIN NATION IN HUGECAMPAIGN Opening Guns Fired in Drive to Raise 13 Billion Dollars North lowaris joined with other patriotic Americans throughout the nation Monday in firing the opening gun of the 2nd war loan drive In Cerro Gordo county attention was centered on a rally at the Roosevelt lieldhouse at 8 oclock the evening where a WAAC of ficer will speak and an exhibition drill by the Mason City state guard company will provide the military atmosphere for the civilian busi ness of selling bonds for funds that will put equipment into the hands of those doing the fighting At noon some 100 workers in the Ccrro Gordo county setup met at the Hotel Hanford to re ceive instructions on the county wide effort of selling in bonds in April Read at the meeting was this telegram sent to the war finance committee by Capt E H Wagner Bond Rally to Be Monday Night Revise Rule to Permit Drafting of Virtually All 18 38 This Year Nations Greatest War Bond Campaign Gets Under Way Iowa Enthusiastically Launches Drive With Slogan Do It Today U S Seeks to Raise 13 Billion to Help War Slap Inflation 1342 county war bond chairman and now stationed at Bingham ton N Y Combat troops know the vast amountof material and equipment needed to help them lick the en emy quickly with fewest casual ties Someone lias to pay for arms they use Armed forces are buying bonds in addition to serving be cause to them everything depends on equipment Ask any soldier Get citizens to realize how boys facing guns feel and goal will be easily made Talks on the fask before those on the home front were given by Douglas Swale F C Eighmey cochairmen of the Cerro Gordo war finance committee task of these 100 workers will be supplemented by an or ganization of 600 air raid and fire wardens who will make up part of the crowd attending he field house rally The committee announced Mon day that issuing agents in Ccrro Gordo county sold in bonds the first 10 days of April Amounts sold were reported bv issuing agencies as follows Clear Lake Bank and Trust company 52201875 First National Mason City S4350725 United Home Bank and Trust company Savings bank Rock Falls S900 First State bank Thornton S5400 Ventura State bank S778I25 Clear Lake Fed eral Savings and Loan association S500 Mutual Federal Savings and LvTan association Mason City S3 SO Mason City GlobeGazette WASHINGTON gov ernments greatest war bond to raise 13 billion dollars in a Monday with all Americas forces of public ap peal thrown into the effort on a scale never before attempted Volunteer workers by the thousands set out to garner signatures while radios and other information media proclaimed from coast to coast Uncle Sam needs the money to help pay for the war Money put into war bonds is not a gift but an the safest in the world since it is backed by the will pay interest Money put into bonds will help slap down inflation which is for ever lurking around the corner waiting for a chance to blow liv ing costs skyhigh The drive will be intense for the next three treasury would like to raise the money in that will continue indefinitely since war costs continue mount and must be met This is the way treasury experts figure the 13 billion will be raised Five billion dollars in bonds taken by banks billion taken by business organizationssuch as insurance companies and the re maining billion taken by plain citizens partnerships and trust iunds Formost people bil lion is the significant one they will have to shoot at War bond purchases now are running close to one billion a month In order for that bil lion to be absorbed many citizens will have to double their bond purchases That is exactly what Uncle Sam is asking them to do He also is appealing to those who never have purchased war bonds to fall in line with their spare cash DES MO1NES open ing of the second war bond drive was spurred Monday by a report from the treasury department that Iowa topped the nation in the series E bond sales during March From the treasury came the following telegram Iowa wins national honors in analysis just completed of March series E war bonds sales By in vesting a war bond total of S18 270000 people of Iowa topped es tablished quota of 314000000 with 1305 per cent performances Series E bonds are the most popular They arc not negotiable V L Clark state bond admin istrator warned however that well have to do even better in the second war loan if we are to reach the goal set for the April campaign Meanwhile Iowa jockeyed into position at the starting post along side 47 sister states in the nations allout effort to raise 13 billion dollars through the second war bond drive Todays slogan is do it today1 and with an estimated 50000 lownns on the job to help their fellow citizens respond to the call Iowa is expected by nightfall to be well on its way toward its as signed goal of in bond pledges RAYBURN ASKS FOR ACTION ON WITHHOLD LEVY Calls for Joint GOP and Demo Move for Act to Stem Inflation WASHINGTON Sp e aker Jayburn D Tex called Mon day for joint democraticrepubli can action to enact quickly a 20 3er cent withholding levy against he taxable portion of wages and salaries as a measure to help pre vent inflation Kayburn left he speakers rostrum to give newspapermen a statement after Chairman Douffhton D N Car of the ways and means committee told the house that if the leadership of both parties would agree to support a simple withholding levy he would introduce such a bill and seek to bring it from n the committee to the floor im Heavy Blows Given Axis Bases in Raids by Allied Airmen By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The British did not announce targets which they lashed in southwestern Germany Saturday night but the scale of the attack was indicated by the loss of 18 bombers Other RAF mosquito bombers struck at railways and workshops at Milines Belgium and Hengelo Holland at dusk Sunday Allied heavy bombers from the middle cast hit at warehouses and the customs depot at Palermo Saturday night following an as sault by about 100 flying fort resses on the Italian naval base of La Maddalena in northern Sar dinia earlier in the day in which a 10000ton cruiser the Trieste was sunk and another heavy cruiser the Gorizia left badly damaged Announcing new raids the Ital ians said Monday that Trapani and Marsala in Sicily as well us Naples were hit and at least tour persons killed and 22 injured 5375 the Merkel company S225 and the Manly State bank Ply mouth branch SR1875 The bond headquarters in the Northwest Savings bank now open for greatly accelerated bond sale business has been beautifully dec orated the decorations and work donated by Jim Conroy The head quarters telephone number is 2037 A second sales booth is lo cated in the F W Woolworth store The program at the Roosevelt fieldhousc will open with music by the high school band and a prayer by the Rev C Burnett Whitehead rector of St Johns Episcopal church The program includes an address byThird Officer Kalhryn McWiliiams of the WAACS an ex hibition drill bv the guard com pany in charge of First U Darrell Wilson and Second Lt Samuel Vician and an address by Atty H R Duncan The band will play request num bers to purchasers of SI000 bonds at the rally No solicitation will be made for bonds but opportunities will be provided for purchases JAPS LAUNCH AIR OFFENSIVE May Attain Considerable Scale MacArthur Says By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A new Japanese aerial offensive attain a considerable scale of effort has been launchec in the southwest Pacific Gen Douglas MacArlhurrs headquarters announced Monday The announcement was based on an attack by 45 Japanese raid ers on Oro bay south of Buna in New Guinea the second large scale aerial effort the Japanese have attempted in five days Twentythree of the planes were shot down in a substratosphere battle with lightnings and kitty hawks it was announced and the Japanese did little damage excep to score two direct hits on a2000 ton allied merchant ship whicl was beached Allied aerial losses were described as insignificant 9 As in the attack by 98 JapaneSL planes last Thursday in the Guadalcanal area united nations announcements said the Japanese objectives were allied shipping There was no allied announce ment however concerning the size of the allied shipping concen trations The Japanese have claimed to have sunk 10 trans ports among other ships in th Guadalcanal action MacArlhurs bomber s mean while continued their milk run over Japanese bases from Timo to the northwest of Australia U New Ireland in the northeast doing especial damage at Timika in Dutch Guinea Baucau in Ti mor Madang in northeastern New Guinea and damaging an 800 ton merchant ship at Kiakana The RAF continued its assault on the Japanese in Burma The Japanese in a communique claimed that their forces along the Chinese ami Indian borders in Burma had their ob jectives last March by killing 90 British Indian and Chinese sol diers and capturing 200 WASHINGTON revisions in draft classifi cations were made Monday to facilitate the task of providing the armed forces this year with virtually every physically able man between 18 and 38 years old has no cause for individual defer ment Selective Service Director Lewis B Ilershey and Manpower Commissioner Paul V McNutt told press confer ence that drafting on such a scale would be necessary to meet the goal of 10800000 men in uniform before next Jan 1 Tile only grounds for defer ment after the ban against call ing fathers is lifted possibly some time around July be farm work individual essentiality in nonagricultural work mid the possibility that induction would mean extreme privation and hardship Hcrshcy and McNutt said They added that the nation lias only 14000000 physically fit men in the 18through37 bracket with about half of that number mediately Doughton madehis statement shortly after his committee re fused by a 16 to 9 vote to lay aside reciprocal trade legislation until a new payasyougo tax program could be presented to the house There is one thing we can do very quickly Rayburn told re porters that is enact a withhold ing levy Everybody fears infla tionbeesiM ul jllthir hioncy amounting to billions we hear that is circulating in this country The withholding levy would be the most effective stab at infla tion I can think of It is payas yougo also Doughton subsequently told the house The recenl action of the house on the committee tax bill and the CarlsonRum substi tute is well known o the con Kress and the country he said Bolh bills contain identical provisions as to a withholding tax which seems to be what the is most concerned with at this time The highly controversial ques tion of tax forgiveness will neces sarily result in further lengthy discussion consideration and delay If the leadership of both par lies will agree to support a pro gram for the enactment of a simple withholding measure I will promptly introduce such a bill and use my best efforts to obtain its early and favorable considera tion by the committee on ways and means and the house leaving known controversial tax matters for consideration in connection with the general tax bill which we expect to reach and consider when we dispose of the extension of the reciprocal trade agreement act and the bituminous coal act both of which expire in the near future and both of which we have agreed and arranged to give and should give prompt consideration While Secretary of State Hull stood before the committee lo tes tify in behalf of extending the trade agreements law Represen tative Reed R N Y made a motion on behalf of nine republi can committee members to reopen immediately the bitter tax battle Rejection of his motion did not of course later date foreclose action at a CARDINAL IS DEAD LONDON Rome radio reported that Fredcrico Cardinal CattaniAmadori died of heart dis ease Monday at the age of 87 The broadcast was recorded by the Associated Press Of thc remaining 7000000 they said 3200000 will be deferred for occupation or hardship by the end of the year and the rest will be drafted during next nine months McNutt said that as a result of the new classification revision 1 Nearly 3000000 childless men under 38 face mass reclassitica tion to make them available for call when their order numbers are reached unless they are neces sary to thecivilian war eWbTVoF their induction would mean ex Uemc hardshipto dependents 2 IWore than 6000000 a class broadened to lake in thousands of men who became dads between the summer of 1941 and last September 15 were assured a further breathing spell before call on their group begins McNutt said one reason for the revisions was to postpone the call ing of fathers as long as pos sible He added the hope that the remaining time before the bar against drafting fathers is lifted would provide opportunity for men with children many of whom are now in the 3A and the newlv eliminated 3B classifications to acquire skilled jobs entitling them to occupational deferment Broadening of the draft defini tion of fathers to cover men with children born as late as las Sept 15 made 3A draft defer ment status available to thousands for the first time Previously even if children were born well before last Sept 15 the classification as a father could be denied by local draft boards if they determined that the child was conceived at a time when induction of the father appeared imminent Many children born of mar riages contracted after enactment of the selective service act on Sept lf 1940 failed to confei 3A status on the father because boards ruled they were conceived svhilc the father was vulnerable to classification in 1A The new provision requires boards lo accept as fathers all those with cnildren born before last Sept 15 and compel them to disregard the imminence of in actor The preferred draft status of farmers whose 2C and 3C classifications were left intact was emphasized as the regulation I Eliminated the nine month old 3B classification which had pui all men having dependents and Buy All the Bonds You Can To the readers of The Mason City GlobeGazette The 13 billion second war loan is the responsibility of every one of us As Americans we must lend our government every dollar we can during these next tew weeks No matter how much or how little our pay checks are each of us must do his part The money is urgently needed to back up our armed forces now on the offensive with the weapons they must have to win and win quickly We arc asked to give up our luxuries and even our comforts to match in a small way the sacrifices our men in the armed forces arc making on the fighting fronts Remember They give their are only asked to lend our money Only you know how much you can lend Dont wait for some one to come around and ask you to do your part Do it today Do it gladly Do it to the utmost of your capacity Do it knowing that upon how much you do depends to a larec extent how quickly we win this war holding any job an cssentia activity behind 3A men of like family relationship in the ordci of call Ordered reclassification o 1A of all men outside of farming ex cept those personally essential lo essential activities and those whose induction would mean ex treme hardship and privation to dependents Reserved exclusively for fath ers the 3A classification which has been open to childless mar ried men and hardshipcase sin gle men engaged in activities outside both the essential and nondeferable lists Created a new classification 3D for deferment of anyone whose induction would result in extreme hardship and privation to a wife child or parent with whom he maintains a bona fide family home relationship in their Selective service spokesmen aid farmers who have been in 3A including childless named men would be shifted uitomatically to 3C for continu ance of their deferment The 2C classification defers farmers without dependents Men who are personally essen tial to essential activities will continue to be placed in classifi cations 2A and 2B for dcfer for six month periods or intil replacements arc available for them These need not have dependents The farm deferments arc su perior to others because they con inue indefinitely without regard to availability or replacements Both farm classifications arc restricted to those necessary to and regularly engaged in an agricultural occupation or agri cultural endeavor essential to the war effort but liberal in terpretation has opened them to most fulltime farm workers Elimination of the 3B classifi cation put men in essential ac tivities on the same footing as those in other work specifically declared to hold deferment rating whatsoever even for men with several chil dren unless they ire essentia individuals This appeared to reverse the policy of the war manpowci commission which has charge o selective service to persuade shifts to the more essential lines of work but spokesmen said the could be obtained by expanding the nondeferable list Furthermore they said the postponement afforded by 3B rating might have been slight since many local boards have ex hausted their supply of childless married men in 3A and have begun rcclassifying such men out of 3B into 1A They added the same condition would have pre vailed when the calling of fath ers began Boards were instructed to Consider whether men reclassi ficd out of 3B should be put in 3C 3A 2C 2A or 2B before putting them in 1A Bear in mind that they can put a man in 2A or 2B even if neither his line of work nor his particular job is on the na tional list of essential activi ties and joboccupations since the list is only a guide to help determine essentiality Continue insofar as possible to call single men ahead of mar ried men regardless of when the marriage took place Calling of fathers is expected to begin gen erally around July 1 The current rate ot inductions is about 12000 a day There now arc about 15000000 registrants aged 18 through 37 in the various draft classifications Another 80 000 to 100000 become 18 each month Approximately 9250000 of the present registrants are men in the family relationship 3A 3B and about 6 250000 of them arc fathers The 3A class contains about 7000000 men the 3B class 2 000000 and the 3C class 250000 Many in 3A and 3B will how ever be shifted to 3C as rcclas sifications go forward In 4H are men 38 to 45 now deferred because their age group is not being accepted for military Although these men arc pres ently deferred selective service said this group is being rcclassi fied in case of eventual call It was indicated that the reclassifi cation would consist of placing the men in the regular classes with an H added to the designation to show they are not wanted now for service Thus one necessary to the war production program would be tabbed 2BH a farmer 2CH etc MRS CHARLES WEBSTER MRS WEBSTER 77 SUCCUMBS Had Made Home With Son B A Webster Jlrs Charles Webster 77 years of age died at 2 oclock Sundaj afternoon at a local hospital where she had been reejivinf treatment for the past week She had made her home the past four years with her son B A Webster 110 Carolina avenue southeast Surviving Mrs Webster arc three sons J C of Lakeland Fla N A of Chicago and B A ol Mason City and a sister Mrs B 1 Bright of Mason City The lati T A Potter of Mason City wa her brother Her husband a former railroad commissioner died six vears ag in Waucoma where the famil Funeral services will be held a the Major Memorial chapel Wed nesday morning at oclock with the Rev Roy C Helfenstein pastor of the First Congregational church in charge Burial will be at Waucoma The Major funeral home in charge ADVANCE OF 46 MILES IN ONE DAY REPORTED Allied Forces Push Ahead in Mountains to Capture Kairouan By VIRGIL FINKLEY A ILIED HEADQUARTERS NORTH AFRICA Brit sh eighth army seized Sousse last ixishold supply port on the Tu lisian east coast uml pressed lorthward iii pursuit of Ileeing laloGerman armies Monday while allied forces 50 miles to the west occupied the holy city Speeding 46 miles ill the last 24 hours Gen Sir Bernard I Montgomerys victorious eighth army troops passed through Sousse at a m Monday after overwhelming light rear guard opposition and penetrat ing heavy mine fields FINDS WEDDING RING ROUNDUP Mont Sam McKccs lost wedding ring turned Mrs H Ferris glove Mrs McKee a cleaning es tablishment employe explained that the ring now returned came off while she had her hand in the newlycleaned glove to stretch it Reds Seize Trenches in Surprise Night Attack North of Kharkov MOSCOW troops breaking a lull in the fighting north of Kharkov seized a string of enemy trenches in a surprise night attack in the Belgorod area and killed 100 Germans the Sov iets announced Monday Two antilank guns several machineguns and several dozen rifles were captured the midday communique said Below Kharkov the red army repulsed renewed enemy attempts to breach the soviet lines south of Balakleya Soviet artillery de stroyed 11 enemy trucks and three pillboxes the communique said The Germans hurled nearly 3000 infantrymen and 15 tanks against this same sector Sunday The initial assault dislodged the Russians from their advance posi tions but a soviet counterattack forced a German retreat killed 300 of the enemy and dcstvoycd several tanks and two selfpro pelled guns Weather Report FOKECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Monday after noon Monday night and Tues day forenoon All temperatures above freezing IOWA Colder Monday night and Tuesday forenoon with temper atures falling to near or slightly below freezing in north and ex treme cast portions Moderately strong winds MINNESOTA Slightly colder Monday night and Tuesday fore noon Moderately strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 45 Minimum Sunday night 32 At 8 a m Monday 36 Rain 36 inch YFAR AGO Maximum 4S Minimum Precipitation The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 59 Minimum Saturday night 32 At 8 am Sunday 54 YEAR AGO Maximum 44 Minimum 24 The allied advances along the coast as well as in the mountains to the west were accompanied by renewed air attacks that destroyed many enemy vehicles and brought down 31 enemy aircraft in anothcr clash with axis fighters and JU52 air transports over the Sicilian straits The interception of enemy air supply ships again was made by American lightning fighters who shot down 7S JU52 trans ports in the last week Nazi Marshal Erwin Rommels battered Afrika Korps fleeing 100 miles northward since Friday now was driven back with theforces under Gen Jurgen Von Arnim to he strong semicircular mountain positions before Tunis anclBizerte where they apparently intend to ighl a bitter lastditch battle de signed to delay the allied invasion of Europe as long as possible The capture of Sousse and Kairouan reduced the last axis bases south of the mountains guarding the outer approaches to Tunis and Bizertc The eighth army was less than 25 miles short of Enfidavillc eastern an chor of Ihc mountain line The British first army to the lorthwcst already was driving into the mountain bastion from he west within 30 to 40 miles both Tunis and Bizerlc Mondays communique issued rom headquarters of Gen Dwight 3 Eisenhower told of reduced but still heavy aerial operations Jgainst fleeing enemy columns igainsl the port of Tunis where a argc ship was hit by flying for tress bombs and against Marsala md Trapani in Sicily where many hits were made on docks and ships starting fires Three ships were hit at Tranpani In all at least four ships were directly hit and a barge was sunk by the fortresses V Allied airplanes aRain made a record of more than 1000 sorties by fichtcrs and bombers and brousht down a lotal of il en emy planes compared to 11 al lied aircraft lost oil Sunday On Ihe ground the communique said the eighth army was meet ing little opposition as il made giant strides of more than 20 miles day up the coastal road past Sousse and toward Enfidaville 25 miles to the north where the rough countryside offers Rommel a better defensive position Fifty miles northwest of Enfi daville the British first army and French native troops under Lieut Gcii K A N Anderson made ad ditional progress in the Medjez El Bab sector South of Medjez El Bab French troops advanced to capture high round in the Ousaeltia mountain sector and British and American armored forces and infantry crashed through the Fondouk pass and seized the Moslem holy city of Kairouan which Rommel had used as a major air base This put them on the plains only 27 miles from Ousse and another junction with the eighth army Kairouan was entered by the allied forces at H a m Sunday after the French had announced the capture of more than 500 prisoners in the Pichon sector which was cleared in the advance on the holy city Allied tanks engaged axis tanks lo the northwest of Kairouan and knocked out len of the enemy machines but there was appar
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