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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 8, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES WO I WE 3 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRES AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES PI VIS CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 8 1943 IIIIS PAPEIt CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 155 BRITISH GAIN IN NORTHERN TUNISIA Yanks Down 37 of 98 Jap Planes in Solomons NIPPONESE AIR FLEET ATTACKS U S SHIPPING Americans Lose 7 Fighter Planes in Crushing Victory WASHINGTON American flyers shot down 37 out of un at tacking force of 88 Japanese planes and scored a crushing vic tory in a new action in the Solo mons the navy announced Thurs day American losses were seven lighters Earlier a fourengincd enemy seaplane was destroyed to bring Japanese plane losses Cor the day lo 38 and to raise to 943 the total of enemy aircraft losses in the Solomons The enemy aerial armada one of the largest thrown against the American forces in the Solo mons roared doun from bases to the northwest on Wednes day Island It sought to attack a concentration of American shipping near Guad alcanal The enemy force comprised 50 bombers escorted by 48 zero fight ers A swarm of American fighters intercepted One of the most furi ous air engagements of the Solo mons campaign ensued When the action was over the remnants o the Japanese force fled leaving behind the wreckage ol 21 zeros 5 dive bombers and 11 olhei planes U S losses were oneBell Air acobra and six Grumman Wildca lighters One American pilot was rescued The battle climaxed two days o intensified aerial activity in the Solomons and shattered a compar ative lull of many weeks in tha area The navy said the big Japa nese air fleet attacked V S shipping near Guadalcanal but did not say whether the enemy succeeded in hitting any of the ships On Tuesday Solomons time American airmen carried out fou raids on Japanese bases and ship ping That night three Ja panes planes bombed Guadalcanal bu there were no personnel casualtie and only light damage was re ported The next day a force of Ameri can dive bombers carried out at tacks on two Japanese bases Th fourengined enemy flying boa was destroyed in one of thes raids It was later the same day tha the enemy sent its big air fore against the shipping near Guac alcana In Tuesdays attacks d i v bombers escorted by fighters hit Vila enemy supply and air base in the central Solomons nnO started large fires All of cm planes returned Vila was visited again that night by Cataiina pa trol bombers Flying fortresses hit Japanese installations at Kahili in the Shortland island area and enemy shipping between Choiseul island and Stanta Isabel island TJie Americans began the next day with an early morning dive bombing attack on Vila Hits were FLYING FORTIIESS OVER rises ftorn Ijomb hits on the German naval base at Wtlhelmshaven as an American flying forfress one of many which took part in the daylight raids flies above ready to drop more bombs on the key nazi base The picture has just reached the U S andis the first showing the recent daylight raid on the base HULL INVITED TO LONDON Eden Agreement on French Policy Reached LONDON Secre tary Anthony Eden discussing his recent conference in Washington before the house of commons dis closed Thursday he had invited Secretary of State Cordell Hull to visit London and said he was sat isfied there is complete agree ment between Britain and the United States on the future pol icy toward France He also reported that he and United States authorities found a very close similarity of outlook on postwar problems Edcti saiil there had hccii some misunderstanding in this country of the purpose the United Stales administration hat in mind in maintaining re lations with Vichy but Ihat these misunderstandings had been smoothed out We naturally wanted to see all sections in France prepared to y united Claim Duce Hitler Held Conference BERN Switzerland con ference between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini on what steps to take for the defense of Europe against invasion was reported Tom informed circles in Rome Wednesday night It was said the meeting probably took place in the Brenner pass The report from Rome said the Iwo axis leaders surveyed the en tire problem of strategic defenses for the continent although lus solint now is concerned primarily with Italian defenses menaced by allied successes in Tunisia raft positions fSl11 the common enem and a largeancl toother he added scored on anliairc and the camp fire was started Later in the dav i c salc l agreement on policy dive bombers again set forth this lime pounding an enemy seaplane base on Santa Isabel island All our planes returned from this op eration Gets New Ear so He Can Get to Be Flyer CLINTON III W Helm 20 is getting a new ear so he can get into the army air corps Helm who lost an ear in child hood when he was attacked by a dog formerly was a flight in structor for art aircraft company When he sought to enlist in the air corps he was advised he couldnt be accepted until he sot a new car He is in a hospital where he submitted to plastic sur gery for the restoration of the losi ear toward Spain Portugal Turkey and other European neutrals was reached and plans had been made for an improved exchange of in formation on enemy and enemy occupied territories Getting Tired of Snatching Furnishings Out of Blazing Home COLUMBIA CITY Ind Mr and Mrs Duby Miller are get ting a little tired of snatching their laps Warn 3eople of Md Threat By THE ASSOCIATED 1RESS Japan had a fresh attack of jomb jitters1 Thursday as the okio radio for the second time n 24 hours warned the Japanese eoplc that a new American ombing assault might come at ny time cither from the China ontincnt the Aleutians or from ircraft carriers The U S office of war infor mation said Tokio broadcasts re ailed that it was just short of a ear ago that Maj Gen James II Doolittles bombers made their irst sweeping raid on Japanese nainland cities Aside from President Roosc whimsical reference to a Sliangrila base the takeoff point of Doolittlcs raiders have lever been officially disclosed iit it is known that new bomb iapan airfields have been con itructed in China during the past esv months CLAIMS SCHOOL FUND MEASURE ISBANDWAGON Sjulin Flays State Equalization Proposal Hunt Urges Enactment BULLETIN DES MOINES senate Thursday passed 32 to 15 a short school equalization fund bill The measure now goes io the house DES MOINES e n a t o v Carl O Sjulin iiHamburg Thursday branded the school fund equalization bill as the political bandwagon bill Referring to the senates re versal of a previous decision against taking up the lengthy school code revision bill on the grounds that the equalization fund provision was believed to be un constitutional he asked Reveal Yanks Downed 70 Nazi Planes LONDON gun ners destroyed 70 German air craft in Sundays daylight bomb ing of the Renault works near Paris and Mondays raid on the Erla Aero engine works at Ant werp it was announced ollicially Thursday Fortyseven G e r in a n planes were shot tlouii in the Renault raid most of them from Reichs marshal Hermann Goerings crack squadrons of yellownosed Kocke Wulf fighters the eighth U S army air force headquarters saidj The following day attacking the Erla works at Antwerp the Amcr can bombers destroyed 23 Gcr nan fighters household furnishings out blazing home A week ago the Millers man aged to save the furnishings when their house was destroyed by fire Wednesday their new house a lew doors from the old one burned to the ground when an oil burner furnace exploded and most of the furniture again was saved BAN NOT AIMED AT INDIVIDUALS Stimson AntiPolitics Move Is for Efficiency WASHINGTON w department regulation barrin men on active duty from running for public ofEice was not directed at Gen Douglas MacArthur or any other individual Secretary of War Henry L Stimson declared Thursday Stimson told his press con ference the regulation issued Feb 25 represented merely a vecocli fkation of policies and rulings al ready in effect He sajd tiic successful prosecu tion of the war demanded that military personnel have uo divert ing or extraneous interests An permit sol diers on active duly to accept re election with the approval of the war department lo offices already designed so that public officials whose pensions or rctire JAPS EFFORTS TO ADVANCE N BURMA ARE SMASHED Elsewhere in the far Pacific war theater the British command announced that British artillery iad smashed Japanese attempts o advance in the Indian region ti Burma with the enemy with drawing after suffering heavy losses Along the Bay of Bengal coast where Field Marshal Sir Archi bald P Wavells forces have withdrawn from the Mayu penin sula to await the monsoon rains the British reported no change in the last 24 hovrs ot lighting Imperial Tolcib headquarters asserted that Japanese troops had destroyed large British forces along the Mayu river and said operations were progressing for destruction of the rest The Brit ish however declared the Japa nese offensive was futile and that the enemy would be unable to hold newlywon positions during the monsoon floods ALLIED AIRMEN HIT 10 JAPANESE BASES In the southwest Pacific Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquar ters announced that allied airmen hit 10 Japanese bases in the islands above ing Cape Gloucester New Britain Finschhafcn Lac and Salamau New a lone Ameri can flying fortress strafed three ship Japanese convoy off Kavieng New Ireland Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Is it because somebody is going to run for United States senator two years from now anil that this somebody has lo have a political platform to stand on ill order to get the voles of the teachers anil the school people Sjulins charges were made he floor of the senate during the debate on a school cqualizatior Clocks in Stale Legislature Stopped DES MOINES in both houses of the legislature vcre stopped at p m CWT Thursday as members of he SOtfi ffciicral assembly pressed toward final adjourn ment of the first full wartime session since the Civil war If the legislature completes work Saturday it will be Tuesday or Wednesday before enrolling of bills is finished Quintuplets Receive Dfficial Invitations rom St Paul Girl CALLANDER Out DIonne quintuplets who are going o Superior Wis to christen five cargo ships next month Thursday ntcrtaincd Catherine Butler 10 of St Paul Minn who traveled nore than 1000 miles to deliver official invitations for the trip The girl brought the five sisters leather bound invitations from Secretary of State Cordell Hull and the U S maritime commis sion She is the daughter of Rob ert Butler head of the firm build in the vessels The quints now Hearing their ninth birthdays will be making their first trip to the United States Each sister will christen a ship presumably the one lo be named after her since the vessels will be the Annette Yvonne Cccilc Emilie and Marie ENGLISH YANKS UNITE IN DRIVE IN SOUTH AREA More Prisoners Taken Allied Air Squadrons Shoot Up Rommel Forces By EDWARD KENNEDY ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA The Brit ish first army gained four or five miles by a surprise attack in the MedjczElB a b bulge area Wednesday as the second U S army corps and the British eighth army united in a relentless pur uit of the enemy in the south it vas announced Thursday V The first armys advance in he northern sector carried its VLUisrnards lo within less than 27 airline miles of Tunis nazis liclil capital of the French pro tectorate More prisoners were rounded up in both northern and southern sectors md Field Marshal Erivin lommels positions again were olasted and shot up by allied aer ial squadrons Allied air forces of the middle cast renewed the hammering of axis transMediterranean bases Jairo communiques said heavy bombers started fresh fires in Naples and explosives were loosed Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy of ainent benefits would be sacrificed I would not be subjected to hard ships Stimson said the regulations had not been discussed with the white house The secretary of war declared the regulation would not preclude the possibility that a member of the service might be discharged or placed on the retired list in order to run for office depending on the merits and particulars of the individual case Weather Report FORECAST MASON7 CITY Warmer Thursda afternoon and Thursday night All temperatures above freezing Showers Friday forenoon IOWA Little change in tempera ture in south Slightly warmer in north portion Thursday night and Friday forenoon Thunder storms Thursday night MINNESOTA Slightly warmer south portion Cooler north por tion Thursday night and Friday forenoon Showers extreme south portion Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 9 Minimum Wednesday night 119 At 8 a in Thursday 0 YEAH AGO fund bill introduced in tiic senate Wednesday as an alternative lo consideration of the voluminous code bill passed by tiic house Monday Sjulin pointed out that the reso lution passed carier Thursday by the senate and providing for an other school code commission to continue studies began iu 1UII originally called for appointment of three members of the senate by the lieutenant governor three house members by the speaker and three persons appointed by the governor But the way weve passed it there would be two members from the senate two members from the house and three members ap pointed by the governor Sjulin said Evidently the s o v e r n o r wasnt satisfied with Ilic first bill in which he would appoint only one member on the com mission and had n have three in there Thats why I call this a political bamUvasoii hin We are about to procede lu do what we in our minds think is unconstitutional The senator who is heading up the bill says it is to benefit the poorer districts yet he hasnt offered one iota of proof j that it will The senate bill would provide a state appropriation of 5750000 a year to be distributed among the school districts on the basis of the per capita taxable wealth of the district with the poorer districts receiving a relatively larger share than the wealthier district Will Auxiliary Wardens Says Theyre Joiners NEWARK N J 15 Lcmcko chief air raid warden planned Thursday to than 1500 auxiliary wardens be cause they were joiners who definitely harmed liic protective services They only antagoniZ and bewilder the public with ri diculous orders he said Maximum Minimum again Tuesday night at Messina Sicily U S liberators at in of the financial responsibil ity of the support of the schools V V As you know Iowa has stood very near if not at the foot of the list so far as assuming that re sponsibility This bill would make funds available to those counties of Iowa which are least able to support their school program It seems to me that its the very least that we could be ex pected to do at this session of the legislature in view of the fact that the house bill came over just the day before the day set for ad journment We had to have a tacked Palermo by daylight Wednesday all without the loss of a plane Hits were observed along Pal ermos iuays and lit the vicinity of its seaplane base it was an nounced Maltas fiKhtcrbomb crs attacked industrial targets of Sicily with bombs and ma chinegun fire The second U S corps of Lieut Gen George S Fatten and Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys eighth army collaborated like two woodsmen at the ends ot a cross cut saw to rip Rommels rear guards from their positions A communique disclosed that the eighth army after smashing the Wadi El Akarit position 20 miles north of Cnbes at dawn Tuesday repulsed determined en emy counterattacks in h e a v y fifchtiiiST that afternoon Marshal Rommel apparently then abandoned all hope of hold ing out in that area and realizing that his big armored formations in front of the Americans along the GafsaGabcs road were in an un tenable position began a with drawal under tiie cover of dark ness Tuesday night General Iattons Americans immediately pushed ahead clearing up pockets of resis tance which Rommel had left behind ami clashing at limes with the withdrawing armor it self to ailiin a point 25 lo 38 miles cast of El Guetar H was at tiiis point that the Americans encountered advanced patrols of the eighth nnnv bill as an ignoble gesture that reminds me of the Tliauksgiving turkey about the week afterward when the only thing left is the Scnilnr O It limit KGul who is luilulling the iiiil said it would tie the first step toward the state taking Representative W P Knowlton RDccorab Thursday assailed a state senate resolution calling Tor the appointment of another school code commission as a sop to pay some lawyer to assemble facts which have been collected al ready Kiiowlton led tnc successful fight in the house for passage of the voluminous house file 300 re writing the slate school laws The big measure now is in the senate sifting committee where it is cx peeled to die Dusty British U S Troops Shout Congratulations as Armies Meet Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGizclte carrier hoy By PHIL AULT WITH UNITED STATES ARMY EAST OP EL GUETAR Tunisia April American jeeps creeping cautiously along a black ma cadam road Wednesday afternoon met three British eighth army armored cars stained with the dust of a 2000mile offensive across north Africa The Americans and the Brit ish paused for a moment beside the 67kilometer road marker on the road from GaVies to Gafsri Then there was a burst nf shouts from ditstparclicd throats and Ihc allied soMirrs who had come from opposite shores of Africa leaped from their vehicles Hands scarred by the hard sands of Tripolitania clasped hands that were grimy with the red dirt of the Tunisian hills Then the Americans and Britons grabbed one another pounded one ano othcr on the back and shouted congratulations That was the junction of the British eighth army which had fought its way from El Alamein with the Americans in Tunisia Formality was brief at the meeting of the armies that at last run the desert fox Nazi Mar Erwin Rommel across Africa ri into a trap The patrols lined up ami of ficers jtrcctcd each other for mally Photographs were taken But the boys could nut restrain their joy and were soon thump ing each other The Americans from the 2nd army corps under Gen George S Patton had just come through one ot their toughest battles near the Kcbili road junction about 15 miles east of El Guetar The British had just broken through at Wadi Akarit north of Gabes At the hour the British and American advance patrols were meeting the tremendous effect of their junction was beginning lo make itself fell in the climactic phase of the battle for Tunisia The allied line across Africa from the Red Sea lo Cnsabalanca had been forged and only the Tunisian tip remained to be cleared of the enemy V The junction was the second major objective which Mont gomery set out fo achieve on that moonlit night of October 23 he hurled the eighth army against Germans at El Alamein in Evpl He is still pursuins his first major objec of the axis armies in now lie has American ami Krcuch forces to help him On thai night in October when j Tiic junction occurred Montgomery struck many of the way between Americans who arc now fighting the eig army were about and shuffling nervously on the decks of big knowing troop transports their destination not was Africa Today the Americans loo are veterans of harclf ought battles 1 I No enemy opposition marred the final junction of the American and British forces The Germans who had been holding the area only a few hours before now were in flight lo the north under n con stant rain of bombs and bullet from allied Gabcs almost in the iiiadow o Djcbel Chcmsi a hilltop in the prominent ridge running about two miles north of the highway The Americans played a part hi the eighth armys victory at Wadi Akarit above Gabes by tying down much of German Marshal Erwin Rommels armor in the El Guetar and iVIaknassy areas X if Right up until the hour of the eighth armys final breakthrough the Germans were using some ot their most experienced panzer units and infantry forces in an j attempt to hall and force back the i Americans threatening their flank nuclei and all serving under htm Thursday on the victories which led lo the junction Alexander is Eisenhowers deputy in charge of land operations Enemy columns retreating to ward the port ot Sfax and tanks transports and troops were ham mered by allied air forces some limes within sight of their own ground forces Fourteen enemy aircraft were shot down in air combat for a loss of one allied plane and allied antiaircraft bat teries in the northern sector de stroyed three more V Lf Gen K A X Anderson launched his first army forces against Gcrmnii positions from tin MedjczKIRab region at ilawu Wednesday By noon the first objective and 150 prisoners were taken The advance con tinued over country so difficult thai mules were largely relied upon to move up supplies Competent sources said it was now obvious that Hoinmcl had be lieved he could hold out much longer in he Wadi El Akarit posi tions and lie dislodgcmcnt ot his forces there compelled him to al ter whole plan for remaining in that southern sector for some time to come Six limes as many Kalians as Germans were amonc the axis prisoners taken for Rommel was slill leaving Italians be hind lo cover the withdrawal of his German fighters but the proportion of Germans ran much higher amon the prison ers captured hy the Americans The enemy paid the second corps the complimcnl of send
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