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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 5, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Of HISTORY AKO ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX HOME EDITION mum ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WISES MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 5 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK KOUR SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 152 PLANE FLEETS ROCK AXIS Huge Air Forces Lash Belgium France Germany and Italy j j tr Government to Launch Huge Drive to Raise 13 Billions in 2nd War Loan Campaign Goal Nearly Equals Amount of War Bonds Sold in Last 2 Years By JAMES MAR LOW WASHINGTON ff U n c 1 e Sam Monday called upon his nephews and nieces to pitch in and chip fast From coast to coast the gov ernment set in motion a cam paign to raise IS billion dollars through the second war loan treasury calls it the greatest in world starting April 12 one week from Monday f Newspapers radios and other advertising media took up the cry so that when the selling starts next week Americans will know how much Uncle Sam wants and why The government wants the money as quickly as possible and lor this reason To help pay the huge war bill and put a damper on inflationary forces by siphoning off its sav Gerro Gordo Mokes Plans for Drive Douglas G Swale chairman of the county victory fund commit tee and F C Etehmey chair savings sUff arc cochairmen of war finance committee in Cerro Gordo county They reported Monday that plans are n earing completion for the countys part in the 2nd war loan campaign ings in war bonds tlie money that otherwise would be on the loose looking for a place to be spent Treasury Secretary Morecn thau called upon he nations newspapers which last fall helped America get over its scrap metal shortage through a drive that raised 6 million tons take a leading part in this bond drive The newspapers leaped to the job by forming the allied news paper council after top news paper executives met here with the secretary who told them the need for the money was urgent They pledged the treasury edi torial and advertising support the latter to come from donated space and commercially spon sored copy rather than from governmentpaid advertisements The governments ideal would be to raise the 13 billion in three only 14 billion has been raised in war bonds in the last two the cam paign will go on unceasingly One thing is certain For the three weeks starting next Mon day the bond drive will be the most intensive of its kind ever attempted Americans this year will I have over and above taxes irsfjrance debt repayment and what they can 40 billion of funds available from t current income 5 The treasury believes that un 1 less some of these funds arc in vested directly in government securities they will tend to swell the hoards of currency and com mercial bank deposits even fur ther andadd still more pressure toward inflation By inflation the government tneans this When people have more money to spend than there are goods to buy they start com peting with one another and force up the price Black mar kets are a good example of how this works Borrowing from the people costs the government a lot more lhan borrowing from banks which get smaller interest on their investment War bonds draw from 25 to 29 per cent interest while the treasury can obtain its money from banks and other sources for as low as onehalf of one per cent But if considers it worth the difference to keep living costs also to avoid overloading the banks The oftice of war information calls war bond buying one way to retain an evernormal pocket book YANKS DRIVING NEAR JUNCTION WITH 8TH ARMY German Counter Drive Beat Off Americans Continue to Advance By DANIEL DE LUCE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA April 5 The American second army corps repulsed a German counterattack in the El Guctar sector and con tinued the drive toward a jurfc tion with the British eighth army it was announced Monday Infantrymen of the U S second army corps which is headed by Lieut Gen George S Patton put on a smallscale attack against a group of hills near the Gafsa Gabes road and won them in hard fighting t if German elite troops immedi ately counterattacked but they were beaten off and the Ameri cans held this new high ground taking some prisoners Barely 40 miles to the east Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys eighth army was inactive offi cials said and the communique did not mention this sector cen tered about the Wadi El Akaril 20 miles north of Gabes In northern Tunisia n round McdjezElBab socalled gateway to the axis bridgehead of Bizertc and Tunis British first army ar tillery dueled savagely with en emy guns and inflicted losses on concentrations of motor transport and infantry British and French patrols also were active in the north The German high command in a communique broadcast from Berlin and recorded by the Asso ciated Press said the day passed quietly with local scouting and shock troop activity while nazi airmen attacked allied troop dis positions shot down eight planes and damaged a freighter olf Bou gie Algeria REDS ROMMEL IS IN ITALY Claim Desert Fox to Direct Axis Defense LONDON A Moscow ra dio broadcast recorded by the Associated Press said Monday Field Marshal Erwin Rommel had been made commander in chief of all German and Italian armies in Italy and the Mediterranean coast of France and had arrived in southern Italy Rommel will have charge of RENNES RAILWAY YARDS hours after American flying fortresses and liberator bombers attacked Rennes France this photo was made showing smoke still rising and damage to rolling stock at the railway yards Bomb craters also arc visible Kennes is an important supply center and railway junction for Uboat bases 35 VESSELS IN NAPLESHARBOR HIT IN ASSAULT Nearly 100 Flying Fortresses Take Part in Aerial Assaults Maples By VIRGIL PINKLEY ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Voith Africa fleets of American bombers including al nost 100 flying fortresso hit or lamagcd about 35 enemy vessels n the bis Italian port of Naples and adjacent waters a commu nique announced Monday The aerial attacks on the main Italian supply port of Naples and land its first taste of high alti tude bombing by the northwest African airforce commanded by Moj Gen James H Doolittlc FLAMES PERIL RUBBER STOCK Crowd Attracted to Cadwell A Heavy black smoke and the odor of burning rubber hting over Mason City Saturday night be tween 7 and 8 oclock as the tire department battled a blaze in a pile of tires at the rear or the Cndwell storage house on Ninth street southeast Several lines of hose were played on the flames in an effort to avert house a spread lo the ware coordinating all southern defense broadcast said arms of command the the The Itsilian high command was represented as attributing great importance to a conference ex pected to be called shortly for discussion of further fortification of the zone The broadcast dispatch in which the sources of information were not identified said that Rommel had been appointed chief of ground forces Field Marshal Gen Albert Kesselring as chief of aviation and Admiral Canoris as chief of naval forces for the axis stand in the Mediterranean The tires awaiting shipment lo a central stockyard were piled at the loading blatform at the rear door ofthe building With the wind from the south the flames leaped up the rear of the building and over the roof but did not get into it since the windows had been taken out and sealed Several tanks of petroleum were close by too to add to the danger if the fire spread the warehouse being adjacent to the Standard Oil bulk plant which likewise is on the C M St P tracks The firq in the large pile of tires the origin of which was not immediately determined proved stubborn with the flames shoot ing skyward from time to time accompanied by great billows of black smoke The large stack of burning tires was at the rear of the large two story brick warehouse building with a large wooden door separat ing the flames from the valuable contents Firemen centered their efforts on that door along with ex tinguishing the lames from the At about oclock Chief Dan Shire in personal charge of the firemen announced that the sit uation was under control and the sizable crowd attracted by the cloud of smoke dispersed About 100 scrap tires were de stroyed The balance can be sal vaged due to tlic efforts of the fire department in checking the blaxe No damage was reported to the contents ot the warehouse SALVAGE YARDS AT DUBUQtJE ARE DAMAGED Fire raged through the salvage yards of Marmis and Solomon Sat urday morning at Dubuque and destroyed a large quantity of hides old tires and baled paper Firemen fought the blaze from Partial Return of World to Gold Standard Is Outlined Included in U S Plans for i GltirfencjrAfter War until o m before it was brought STORMLAKE WEECKIXG PLANT IS DESTROYED Fire of undetermined origin de stroyed the Storm Lake Wrecking company plant Sunday afternoon Damage was estimated at 510000 A carload of scrap rubber 53001 j foi postwar worth of glass auto parts and tion include a office equipment was burned Royal Arch Masons to Present 6 Ambulances DES MOINES United States army will receive six am bulances Tuesday during the an nual convention of the grand chapter Royal Arch Masons of Iowa Five of the ambulances were purchased by the Royal Arch Masons and the sixth was purchased by the Des Moines Ma WASHINGTON of the Treasury Morgenthau dis closed to an extraordinary scssioi of three senate committees Tues day that the administrations plan Buy Savings Bonds ana Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Monday afternoon and Monday night Lowest temperatures Monday night in Mason City 26 Warm er by Tuesday noon IOWA Cooler in extreme east portion Continued cool in west and central portions Monday night Warmer Tuesday fore noon MINNESOTA Not quite so cold northwest and extreme west portion continued cool remain der of state M o n d a y night warmer Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 58 Minimum Sunday night 30 At 8 a m Monday yi YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 32 The figuresfor Sunday Maximum Saturday 52 Minimum Saturday night 32 At 8 a m Saturday 41 YEAR AGO Maximum 63 Minimum 45 currency stabiiizi a partial return to tin gold standard for most of the na lions of the world This would be accomplished he said in a statement read o a closed session of the foreign re lations banking and postwar economic committees by an agreement among the partici patine nations fixing the value of currencies in terms of gold The treasury proposal as out lined by the secretary involve the creation of an internationa stabilization fund and an agree ment among the participating na lions not to engage in competitiv depreciation of their currencies The purpose of the fund woulc be to promote the maintenance o currency stability This stability would in la measure be secured the secrctar said by fixing the value o currency in terms of gold and bj providing that changes could no be made without consultation wit other members an arrangcmen similar to that of the tripartit agreement negotiated b c t w c e France Great Britain and th United Stales in 193G Control of he stabilization fund would be in Ihc hands of an international board appoint ment by the governments of the member countries yf The secretary said the treasury feels that international currency stability is necessary to recon struction in postwar and resump tion of private trade and finance It is generally held that this formidable task can be success fully handled only through inter national cooperation he added Senators said the plan the out line of which already has been communicated to 34 nations in volves the establishment ot an in ternational bank from which con tributing countries could obtain loans to stabilize their currency for world trade purposes but not for internal support of their monetary system Jap Naval Concentration Hit Dispersed Raids in By The Associated Press Flying fortresses which never numbered more than 10 in three moonlight raids on Kavieng New Ireland aOO miles northeast of Port Moresby have destroyed or dispersed a Japanese naval con centration of 13 warships and mer chantmen Gen Douglas MacAr thurs headquarters nmiou n c c d Monday Eisrtif of the shins in the con centration causrht on Silver Bay a nil nearby waters were war ships and at least two cruisers and two destroyers were sunk successive communiques from Australia have announced For this considerable victory the on ships in Sicilian and Sardinian I suffered only damage waters gave the Italian main to T he hist blow in the attack which begun Thursday night was struck Sunday night when eight fortresses swept in for the third time and damaged i light cruiser or destroyer and possibly damaged three other ships While some of the fortresses were skipbombing the tacking from so low a level that their bombs skipped along the water and hit the ships in the sides neutralized the Kavieng airport Elsewhere in the Australian Almost 200 tons of bombs were dropped on Naples in the 15minute attack and 27 out ot 97 aircraft on the nearby Capo Di Chino airfield were hit on the ground All the American fortresses returned to base The attack on Naples was the sixth American air raid on the port but it was four times heav ier than any previous bombing of Naples where the Americans so far have not lost a plane in at tacks from the middle east or from this sector Ten ships including two liners were hit in Naples harbor A fire was started on one ship A rc pairship and three submarines and u cluster of small vessels also were hit while seven merchant men in a floating vdock a liner and two escort vessels were dam aged Fires were started on the quays and in adjacent industrial areas At nearby Capo Di Chino air field bomb bursts covered the field Only weak fighter opposi tion was encountered but the bombers met rather heavy anti aircraft fire B23 Mitchell bombers mean while swept over shinping in the harbor of Carlo Forte in southwestern Sardinia hitting a coastal ship and nine smaller boats Other Mitchells set afire two ships from a convoy in the Sicilian channel American ami British aircraft also continued lo blast enemy airfields and attack columns and concentrations along lie Tunisian fighting fronts destroying 11 axis planes The allies lost five Throe formations of fortresses made the Naples raid Fighter opposition was weak and the majority of the almost five score bomber crews saw no sign of enemy aircraft Of the few which did challenge the fortresses a number were damaged Large clear patches in the cloudy sky over Naples enabled the bom bardiers to line up the targets ac curately observers said and huge clouds of smoke quickly billowed up from ihe objectives Only last Wednesday a similar TARGETS NEAR ANTWERP HIT IN DAYLIGHT RAID Day and Night Pounding of German War Machine Continued by Bombers LONDON large force of U S flying fortresses and liberators attacked industrial targets near Antwerp Belgium with good results in daylight Monday following up Sundays American attack on the Re nault works near Paris and a heavy night attack on Kiel Germany it was announced Monday night A DNB dispatch broadcast by the Berlin radio said the raiding squadrons scored direct hits on blocks of houses which caused fires und destruction and severe losses among the civil popula tion of Antwerp a fortified city which is Belgiums com mercial center The f o u rmotored bombers flying in a closelyknit for mations roared out over the sunny water for the continuous day and night pounding of the German war machine in the air offensive theater allied airmen planted 20 tons ot bombs among Japanese po sitions in the Markham valley ibovc Lae slrafed the Salamaua and Kitchen Creek areas and struck at Timika in Dutch New Guinea Langyoer in the Kae is lands and Suumlaki in the Taiiini bar islands to the northwest as well as other targets to the north east 8 KAIDS ARE MADE OX IAPS IN KISKA The Sunday communique of the navy department announced a series of eight raids on Kiska in the northern Pacific and an addi tional assault by liberator four motored bombers on Attii in the Aleutians Kiska already had been bombed 38 times in the past month but the navy did not re port he damage in detail Pacific fleet headquarters at Pearl Harbor Monday credited navy and marine divebombcrs and torpedo planes at Guadalcanal with sinking at least 17 Japanese ships in the six months beginning Aug 25 At least 08 other ships were damaged the navy said Only Sunday ressos smashed the flying fort at the Renault Local Pilot Flips Coin Wins Engine and Flies to England Lt Rav E CInuph is mMiaVtlv Hmv 1 r Lt Ray E plough is probably the first pilot in the world to win a B17 engine by flipping a coin but that is the way he arranged to get out of South America when his bomber developed engine trouble there recently he wrote his parents Mr and Mrs TJ F Clough 213 Tenth street north west Lieutenant Clough found he had company when he landed wilh one bad engine another Ameri can pilot had been waiting since Dec 21 tor a new B17 engine With three good engines on each of the fourmotored bombers the two pilots decided there was no use in both ot them waiting for a replacement They decided to flip a coin to see who should have four good engines and who should have only two True to Clough luck I won the toss so that afternoon we started taking an engine off his plane and putting it on mine That is the story of how I got out ot South America1 Clough wrote It was while he was still in South America that he met Ho mer Hockenberry another Mason Cityan Hockenberry was there only temporarily until his co pilot regained his health Lieutenant doughs destination was the British Isles and he likes it very much there He wrote One of the most beautiful sights Ive seen was coming in to the coast yesterday morning We had been flying about 9000 feet but as we approached the coast we came down so that we were riding just over the top of a bank of white fluffy clouds We rode just over those beautiful clouds until suddenly they broke off completely and there below us was the green coastline It was really a thrilling sight And this countryside is beau tiful from the air The fields arent laid out in regular fenced off squares like the fields in the States They are irregularly sflaped fields which rather follow the contour of the country and they are separated by hedges H is very beautiful force of fortresses attacked the port of Cnglian and air fields of southern Sardinia in an attempt to snarl the axis lifelines across the Mediterranean to Field Mar shal Rommel Every one of that group also got back lo its base The Italian command said great damage was done to both public and private buildings in both Naples the fortress target and Syracuse where railway sid ings and moored seaplanes were attacked by Maltas fighter bombers Naples reported 221 dead and 387 injured RAIDS CAKHIEI OUT IN BURMA TERRITORY In Burmii the RAF bumbo fields supply centers and shippiii at Minbya jusi cast of Pinlebu in the upper Chindwin valley and Meiktilti south of Man cUilay while the Japanese raided an nirficld south of Chittagong in India and Buthcduung above Akyab but without doing approI ciablc damage a British com munique said Thc Chinese announced that their forces were mopping up Japanese ilong the YunnanBurmaIndo China border area and had forced n Iipiicsc column to retreat near S i n c h a n g 200 miles south of Shanghai in the coastal province of Chekiang Liberators of the works hear Paris find Sunday night a mighty RAF force fol lowed through with the Kiel at tack in which unofficial observ ers estimated a thousand tons of bombs or more were dropped Five formations of fortresses were counted crossing the south cast coast Monday living between J5000 and 20000 fee Residents of Folkestone stopped in the streets to watch the planes which formed one of the most powerful allied attacking forces they had witnessed crossing over their town Rip Renault The German communique Mon day as broadcast by the Berlin radio said several hundred were dead and wounded in the Paris area as a result of the raid by American flying fortresses This broadcast ignoring damage to the Renault works said the United States bombs hit residential quar ters municipal plants and sports fields The communique claimed de struction ot 19 invading planes over Paris and over the Norwegian coast ami 10 more over western r Germany The iillies gave no con firmation of raids over Norway The Berlin radio also broad cast a dispatch from Taris re ferring to he Renault bombing as a terror raid This dis patch as heard by the Asso ciated Tress quoted an eye witness account as saying an underground railway station packed with hundreds who had fled there when the air raid alert was sounded received a direct hit The walls collapsed said this broadcast The panic which tol air force in India dropped 13 indescribable of bombs on the Thilnwa oil re finery south of Rangoon which had just been put biick into opera tion and left fires visible for 50 miles an American communique announced Trains Crash Headon One Engineer Killed and Another Missing The Berlin radio broadcast a Paris dispatch reporting a death loll of 252 in the area by noon Monday after 67 died over niRnt in hospitals This dispatch said 700 were hurt including 115 seriously injured Another Paris dispatch also said Longchamps horse race track crowded with Sunday fans received about 15 di rect bomb hits which hilled more than 50 persons and seriously in jured many others Goes on Trial for Slaying of Sister KANSAS CITY W Gcorfic Welsh charged with murder in the mutilation slaying of his sis ter Leila Adcle Welsh Uvo years ago went on trial Monday Miss Welsh was found dead in her bed her head battered and her body slashed She and her brother were grandchildren and heirs of a prominent pioneer Kansas Ciiy real estate dealer LITTLE HOCK Ark V A The Americans hendon collision of a troop train I Sunday afternoon and i Rock Island passenger train Sunday killed Engineer Jack ORcar 86 of Little Rock and injured more than a score of passengers and train crewmen ORcar was engineer on the Memphis to Hot Springs passen gcr David R Smith of Liltlc Rock troop train ensinccr missing and railroad officials said they believed his body would be found beneath his shattered lo comotive The Camp Robinson public re lations office said injuries among military personnel consisted of only bvuiscs had chosen when few workers would be about for their attack OH the key French factory working for the Ger mans however A total of 133 flying fortresses look part in the daylight raid on the Renault of the greatest armadas of fouren Sincd American bombers ever launched from bases in Britain Perfect weather guided them to their target situated on an island in the Seine and they unloaded hundreds of tons of explosives on the sprawling factories with such
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