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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 18, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCPARTMCNT OF H I 5103Y A NO ARC DCS UOINES COMP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIBES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MARCH 18 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 137 U S CAPTURES AIR BASE AT GAFSA ft If Tf Tf X Tf TTKH W m K w x m m n Germans Report 4 British Divisions Storming Mareth Line Pursue Axis Troops on Highway Leading Toward Gulf of Gabes TANK AIRPLANE FIGHTS RAGE IN DONETS VALLEY Russians Declare Red Armies Stubbornly Hold Blazing Lines By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Soviet dispatches reported Thursday that a gigantic tank battle fought under skies alive vith nazi dive bombers and reel army stormoviks was raging in the Donets river valley belov Kharkov Thursday as the Ger mans stepped up the fury of then comeback offensive Hitlers high command said the Germans were on the offen sive alone a 120mile front from Kharkov to Kursk and assert ed that the Russians were suf fering extremely heavy losses Despite the violence of the Ger man attack soviet headquarters declared the red armies were stubbornly holding their lines ex changing blow for blow and beat oft six waves of nazi counterat tacks in the Chuguev sector 22 miles southeast of Kharkov Dispatches to Red Star soviet army newspaper said Russian shock troops recaptured two un identified towns in bitter fighting on the west bank of the Donets river and then repulsed German attempts to recapture the towns with mass tank attack Soviet stprmovikplanes known busters because of their armorpiercing cannon were re ported inflicting great losses on German tanks WRECKAGE LITTERS BATTLEFIELD Wreckage of German tanks litters the battle ground after tlie American counterattack at Kasserine pass Tunisia HEAVY ASSAULT MADE ON JAP BASEINRABAUL Other Airmen Attack Outpost of Enemy in Kai Islands By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS Gen Douglas MacArthurs head quarters Thursday reported a smashing assault on the big Japa nese base at Kahaul New Britain in which allied flyers plastered the airdrome with 392 bombs while other United Nations air men attacked an enemy oulpost in the Kai islands between Aus tralia and New Guinea The attack on Rabaul just before dusk Wednesday touched off many fires and explosions and further crippled Japans aerial striking iiowcr in Ihe southwest Pacific Tunisia Key for Other Vital Events By DeWITT MACKENZIE War News Analyst If Berlin has read the writing on the wall correctly we may be it the climax of one of the most inportant military operations of On ihe central front the soviet midclay communique reported the capture of 32 more towns and villages south of Bely as the red armies drove roughshod over strong German defenses in their offensive a sains t the nazi citadel at Smolensk 230 miles west of Moscow Russian vanguards were now re ported only 40 miles fromSmo lensk with soviet columns con verging on the base from north south and east To the north in the Lake Ilmcn region Marshal Semeon Timo shanekos army was reported striking closer to the nazi strong hold at Staraya Russa and the Berlin radio acknowledged that Russian tanks infantry and air borne troops had made a small breach in the German line On the front midway between Moscow and Kharkov the soviet command gave this picture of the fighting West of Scvsk the Germans repeatedly stormed our positions but each time they suffered I heavy losses and were sent reel j ing back f We destroyed 11 tanks and out not less than two com panies of enemy infantry Western Air lowflying German raider bombed a womens hostelry killing five persons and injuring 12 in a attack on an east Anglian coastal town Thursday London had a brief early alert and small German air forces were reported over towns in eastern and southeastern England NEW ATTACKS MADE ON KISKA 3 More Assaults by Bombers Are Reported WASHINGTON bombers blasted the Japanese submarine base at Kiska island in the Aleutians three times Tuesday the navy reported Thursday and in a fourth action American lighter planes shot down two enemy aircraft and probably destroyed two others The Tuesday raids on Kiska apparently were not so heavy as hose made on Monday since the navy in its latest communique did not specifically use the word heavy to describe the actions It was apparent however that hey were carried out in consid erable force the Japanese have had a sub marine base at Kiska for several months From it their undersea craft can operate eastward against American supply ships to such bases as those at Dutch Harbor ancl in the Andrcanoff islands and may even strike at shipping along the Canadian and northwestern American coast The latest three raids reported against the Japanese Aleutian base raised to 17 the total number of air attacks there this month whereas only nine bombing for ays were made against it in Feb ruary Find Tax Return With Lock of Hair and Note Youve Scalped Me WICHITA Kans revenue employes breaking open the accumulation of mail retriev ing a lock of red hair attached to a return With it was a scalped me TAX RECEIPTS PILE HIGHER Record of March 16 Is Double That of 15th PACKERS GIVE CEILING VIEWS U S Meat Institute Is Not Represented WASHINGTON W tions that packers are not in com plete agreement on a proposal to place ceilings on producer prices of live hogs as a means to aid in stabilizing meat prices arose Thursday at a hearing on the sub ject The office of price administra tion which Wednesday heard pro ducer voice op position to ceilings invited pack ers to appear Thursday to give their views The American Meat institute an organization representing many of the larger packers failed to send fact that led John Finn of the OPA legal staff to remark that the industry does not appear to be in agree COFFIN WORKERS 60 ON STRIKE Only 2 Supply Reported in New York NEW YORK only a twodays supply of coffins re ported remaining in stock in the metropolitan area the regional war labor board has urged 700 striking casket makers here to re turn to work Robert Abeloxv executive direc tor of region 2 WLB said Wednes day tiiat two telegrams had been sent to officials of local 728 Cas ket Makers union declar ing that tile strike violated the national policy of noworkstop pagc for the duration The union could not be readied for comment The announcement that only a twodays supply of coffins re mained in this area wasmade by a spokesman tor a funeral direc tor City Health Officer Charles V Crastcr of Newark N J indi cated after conferring with a group of casket manufacturers and undertakers that he might be forced to order cremations He said he would not permit the burial of bodies without coffins and would not allow bodies to be kept in funeral parlors more than four or five days The WLB said the strike which began Saturday developed from a dispute over the inclusion of a clause covering piece work in a contract The work stoppage wa called against 15 major coffin manufacturers the WLB said j Meanwhile quoted Premier he whole wai he final Tunis an offensive to drive the axis r o m northcm i Africa and Ihu regaiii control of the Mediter ranean T li i s would mean a coouh naled effort by all the allied forces British t1 rone h a n d American from MACKENZIE one end of Tu nisia to the other We are out loi a quick kill because victory here Tokio broadcas Hideki Tojo a varning Japan that the war situation is becoming more seri ous a confession underlined hy ecretary Knoxs statement in New York Thursday night that Japan has lost 1857000 tons of shipping or onethird of her ton nage at the beginning of the war The journey to victory is just begun Knox said We have reached the point where the conduct of this strug le will be from now on of our ewn choosing The initiative is ours The Tokio radio said Premier Tojo would be extraordi nary new wartime powers Thursday and announced the for mation of a board of advisers to tlie Japanese cabinet to stimulate an increase of fighting strength WASHINGTON treas reported Thursday that inj heavy financial losses because of come tax receipts recorded on I squeeze between uncontrolled March 16 were more than double i ancl OPA ccllings ment on ceilings Attending Thursday session were representatives of the Na Buy War Savings Bonds am tional Independent Meat Packers stamps from yOur GlobeGazette association an organization comj posed of many smaller packers jcarrler throughout the country Its spokesman Wilbur Laroe Wash ington attorney urged imposition of ceilings immediately saying many packers were suffering While Japan thus displayed signs of worry over the trend of the war allied continued to blast at the west ward movement of Japanese troops and supplies lo the is lands above Australia attack ing three enemy coastal vessels off western Dutch New Guinea if At the same time General Mac Arthur revealed the discovery of elaborate Japanese encamp ment 50 miles above alliedcap tured Buna New Guinea which was apparently intended as a base for a new offensive by 15OOU enemy troops killed in the battle of the Bismarck sea Allied troops found the camp while mopping up in the area of the Mambare river mouth A communique said the base af forded an elaborate and recently constructed defense system in cluding prepared positions pill boxes and hospital and other in stallations lor a large force that was sent to the botlom of the Bismarck sea in Ihe de i slruction of a 22ship Japanese 1 convoy cnroutc to New Guinea the key to other vilnl develop ments including invasion o west ern Europe and perhaps a blow at Italy The Germans pay that General j Montgomery and his British eighth army have opened the show I in the south by striking at the coastal end of the powerful Mar eth line of fortifications It wouldnt be surprising to see him among the first to come into ac tion for these defenses represent the major obstacle to be overcome American troops are in action already and have reported their of Gafsa in central Tu nisia This place was evacuated American and French units on February 16 V The nazi statement that Mont gomery has struck at one end of the Mareth line isnt surpris ing since it is so strong that it would lie logical for him to try a flanking movement The ter rain is such however that even a flank attack presents great difficulties Here we have all the elements of a fierce and dramatic final duel between two of the outstanding personalities of the war Mont gomery and Rommel both rank By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Edilor Allied headquarters announced Thursday that American troops had recaptured the strategic Gormanheld air base at Gafsa in central Tunisia climaxing A oO mile drive while on the southern front a Berlin broadcast said Gen Bernard L Montgomerys British eighth army was storming the Mareth line with four tank and infantry divisions A bulletin from Clcn liwighl Eisenhowers head quarters said allied positions were improved in the north ern sector of the 60 mile long Mareth line front both dur ing the nights of March 16 and 17 and during Wednesday if f if This was the first authoritative allied statement tending lo confirm German reports that the British eighth army had launched a grand assault against the Little Maginot de fense line in southern Tunisia In the south our patrols were active inflicting losses on the enemy the war bulletin said The Germany high command asserted that strong enemy in fantry attacks against the south ern Tunisian front were repulsed ith heavy losses inflicted on the enemy An allied communique reported that American troops encountered little opposition in their recap ture of Gafsa among the greatest tacticians of their time I dare spy that not a little of their tactical success has been due to the fact thai both of them di rect battle operations from the scene of the engagement ralher than from headquarters in the rear This enables them to make quick changes in tactics if neces sity or opportunity arises The iMarelli line is a fitting stage setting for the great show down though it gives Rommel a temporary advantage because of its strength They call U the Maginot line of the desert because it is built of reinforced concrete on the same principle as the Maginot line in France Find Youth Tied to Tree So Tightly He Can Scarcely Move BALTIMORE William Braeford 10 was found lied lo a Ircc in a woods secured by belts and ropes so tightly bound it was difficult for him to move When he told Police Sergeant Roland Johnson he had tied him self the skeptical sergeant took him back to the tree and told the youth to demonstrate He Johnsons satisfac tion then told the sergeant he hac seen the trick performed at a wild west show GMen Probe Origin of Blaze at West Tulsa Oil Refinery TULSA Okla bureau of investigation agents sought Thursday to determine the origin of a fire which caused an estimated S100000 damage at the huge West Tulsa refinery of the MidContinent Petroleum com pany The agents were studying the possibility that the blaze which broke out in the refinerys light oil department Wednesday was started by a welding torch in the hands of a workman The fire spread rapidly to a battery of 20 storage tanks which exploded in succession shooting flames and clouds of black smoke hundreds of feet in to the air One employe Cleon Bennet 22 was taken to a Tulsa hospital for treatment of burns the amount reported on Monday the deadline for filing income lax returns The daily statement for March 16 issued Thursday showed in come tax receipts of S514606492 On the previous day receipts to taled Tuesdays receipts were greater than those for the comparable day last year March 17 when income tax collections of S422 371325 were reported Mondays receipts were S145 623247 less than those reported on the same day last year The sharp upturn in receipts reported in the daily statement for Tuesday bore out treasury pre dictions that the full picture of income tax collections on March 15 would not be available for many days because of the task involved in opening an estimated 45000000 returns and recording the payments meat A C Hoffman director of OPAs food price division and presiding officer at the hearing expressed disappointment at the absence of the meat institute commenting The institute is hamstringing the industry by failing to be rep resented here A P Davies who told the hcar ng he sins nn observer for the nstitutc said his organization had arranged lo discuss the whole meat situation with an OPA of ficial next week and as a conse quence was not to take part in Thursdays hearing Patton Named Commander of Yanks in Western Tunisia Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Webster City Leads m Opening Contest SPOKTS BULLETIN DES City cagers were ahead of Burlington 16 to 6 at the end of the first half in the opening game of the state basketball tournament Miner Races 19Hours Against Horse and Then Abandons Contest BRANDING Utah Shumway 27 year old miner raced 19 hours against a riderless un saddled surrendered The race was arranged to settle the community argument over whether a horse could travel twice I as far as a man in a 24hour pc riod I The miner had walked 65 miles j rjn 19 hours but quit when he Blood and Guls Is One of Most Offensive Minded U S Generals ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA fP Gen Dwight D Eisenhower replaced Maj Gen Lloyd li Frcdcndall Thursday with LI Gen George i S Palton armored force special as commander of United States troops on the western Tunisian front General Patton called blood and as one of the most of fensive minded generals of the army is regarded here as the outstanding American armored force executive since the death of Maj Gen Adna R Chaffce in August 1941 This dispatch did not bring out immediately the new assign ment of General Frcdcndall who was in command of troops in western Tunisia at the time of the axis breakthrough in midFebruary and the subsequent allied countcroffensivc The line lies 75 miles from the Italian Libyan frontier and cuts across the road from Tunisia lo Libya just below the Mareth oasis i near the Tunisian coast The for cations are some 10 miles deep icre are concrete redoubts of varying sizes interspersed with ank Traps and back of these is a concrete line The difficulty of breaking through this is in creased by the fact that mountains have been incorporated into the defenses Buy Uonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Fronllmc dispatches said U S troops supported by mobile French detachments were pur suing the axis garrison of Gafsa toward El Guetar 12 miles away on a road leading to the Gulf of Gnbcs and Ihe Mareth line Vm Hundreds of mines and booby traps hampered the advance but allied planes bombed and shot up he fleeing Germans destroyed rucks and silenced gun positions In northern Tunisia west of SedjciKmc us a result of heavy allacks the enemy made local i which were later restored by counterattacks the commun ique said Fighting continue Scdjenanc lies i5 miles west of the big axisheld naval base al BUertc A British broadcast said Lt Gen K A N Andersons 1st army troops struck out in two counterattacks in the northern sector AVcducsiIay making some headway against Col Gcn Jureen von Arnims forces which had overrun French posi tions north of Tamera if if I Allied headquarters still main tained silence on the scope of oper ations againsl the Mareth line but observers read signs of widening allied offensive as Gen Dwight D liisenhinvcr installed LtGcn FORMER IOWAN DIES PHILADELPHIA Dicdrich J Haines 72 former president of the DCS Moincs Gas company of DCS Moines Iowa died of heart dicase He came here in 191B to j become associated with the United i Gas Improvement company He retired in 1924 Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Thursday afternoon not much change Thursday night and Friday forenoon lowest Thursday night 12 IOWA LIghl snow in south por tion Thursday night and south cast portion Friday forenoon Little change in temperature tcrs outfit of the first AEF ship j MINNESOTA to Europe in that conflict He won the distinguished serv ice medal for forming and lead ing the first American tank unit Palton nominated as a licutenj jnto battle in France and carlicr it general only a week ago thjs ycar received the oak leaves ursday by President Roosevelt decoration a veteran of 30 years in the General Eis ant Thursda is army He served as aide lo General Pcrshins on the Mexican cxpedi learncd the horse had made 1351 lion prior to World war I and yea to that award from cnhower for his n the North African campaign Patton is widely known among army men for his colorful vocab ulary Now 57 he spent his early i The horse was pretty tired too was in charge of the headquarI years in Pasadena Cal Little change temperature Thursday night and Friday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette wcalher statistics Maximum Wednesday Min Wednesday At 8 a m Thursday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Mediterranean Sea
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