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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 23, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DCMNTttCNT Of HISTORY AND ARCH s MOINCS IA vcs THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PMSS LEASED WIBSS HOME EDITION imim MASQN CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 23 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE I s PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS XTQ HALT ROMMEL NORTHWARD THRUST Options Taken on 2 Hemp Plant Sites CERRO GORDOS ACREAGE WILL EXCEED QUOTA Construction of Plant at Emery Will Be Started in March The Cerro Gordo county war board already has 5100 acres under contract to grow hemp for the local hemp plant this season in addition o 600 acres for the Rock ford plant Chairman Fred A Cahalan announced Tuesday The defense plant corporation subsidiary o the reconstruction finance corporation also has two sites under option for the local hemp plant lie added and Mrs Fannie M Hensler RFC engineer in charge of building the 15 Iowa hemp processing plants will be in Mason City late this month to complete the purchase of one of the sites A contract for construction of the Cerro Gordo county plant is to be let in March Mr Cahalan reported The two sites chosen by RFC representatives each contain 40 acres and are located on highway 106 One is on the southeast cor ner of the intersection at Emery and the other is on the northeast corner ol the intersection one mile east of Emery the war board chairman said Contracts for the 4700 acres of hemp to be grown in this county were forwarded Monday to the state war board at Des Moines at the request of Chairman A J Loveland Mr Cahalan said The county war board intends tocon tract an additional 100 acres how over before the signup is com pleted NEW FINN CHIEFS MAY SEEK PEACE May Attempt to Take Nation Out of War By H O THOMPSON WASHINGTON Authori tative informants said Tuesday that the new Finnish cabinet ex pected to be named within a week may declare an intention to take Finland out of the war All of the elements for a nego tiated RussoFinnish peace are present in Helsinki but there are enough complicating factors to make officials here extremely cau tious in discussions of Finlands future course If the new cabinet decfdes upon a policy of peace it is likely that the United States will be asked to act as an intermediary It appeared likely that Rolf Witting would not be veappointed as Finlands foreign minister He has been under attack in the Fin nish diet and might not be con firmed by that body even if Presi dent Ritso Ryti attempted to re tain him Selection of a more mod erate foreign minister would be one of the necessary preliminaries to any peace move on Finlands part The presence in Finland of Ger man troops the influence of nazi officials on internal affairs inFin land Finlands dependence upon Germany for food and supplies and lack of knowledge regarding Russias attitude arc among other complicating elements 6 Physicians Declare Weakening Gandhi Must Eat Soon or Succumb POONA India Weaken ing Mohandas K Gandhi demon strated his will to live Tuesday on this the I4th day of his project ed 21 day but his six at tending doctors said that he must eat soon or die The 73 year old Indian nation alist leader fasting in protest against his imprisonment in the Aga Khans palace as an insti gator of last summers bloody antiBritish riots had safely passed through a crisis though his heart continued to weaken He was spending the long hot days irf the smallest room of his palace prison Malting covered the rich carpet and the few chairs in the room and the only article of furniture visible beside his hos pital bed was a small table on which stood Ihc glass of water and lime UBoat Menace Continues in Spite of Every U S Effort lime juice sipped which lie occasionally EMERGENCY WAR ACT DEFEATED Senate Strikes Out Special Governor Power TJES MOINES a vote of 26 to 20 the towa senate Tues JstrnfkSylL of the proposed emergency war act of 1943 a section which kwould have given the governor the power to suspend ariy statute rule or regu lation interfering with the war effort The amendment which has Ihe effect of restricting the gov ernors power to his present au thority under the provisions for declaration of martial law was the first to be considered as the senate began debate on the lenethy bill introduced by the national defense coordination committee The amendment had no votes to spare as 26 is a bare majority of the senate Senator George Faul R Dos who spoke in favor ot the restriction on the governors emergency powers declared Without thisamendment the governor could take the code and throw it out the window I am not willing to give any man the power to repeal the whole code Thats what weve been doing the last 10 years giving power away and it has not been my observa tion that we got any of it back Senator Ross R Mowry R Newton pointed out that former Gov George A Wilson suspended a state law regarding the trans portation of freight on highways at the request of the president act was constitutional The weakening thing about this bill Mowry said is that is primed to take away from the governor the power which he has under the constitution to do certain thinss Most states have gone far be yond what Iowa wants or is even attempting to do said Senator John P Berg R Cedar Falls who is handling the bill It is much better to be pre pared now for whatever eventual ity may come than to be sorry because we havent taken the proper steps Berg added Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon low tem peratures Tuesday night in Ma son City 22 moderaately strong n diminishing Tuesday winds night IOWA Colder Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Much colder Tues day night and Wednesday fore noon cold wave north portion Tuesday night except along Lake Superior with tempera tures falling to zero by Wednes day morning A light snow ex treme north portion Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette ESCAPED ALIVEJohn Brandt 28 Clear Lake jumped from the cab of this truck before it was completely cle moljslied when a northbound M St L passenger train struck it at Camcruu shortly before 11 oclock The engine ot thetruck was carried more than 50 vards Brandt escaped without serious injury Lock nlioto Kavenav engraving J Truck Demolished When Hit by Train at Cameron Crossing John Brandt Escapes From Cab Without Serious Injuries John Brandt 28 Clear Lake narrowly escaped death shortly before 11 oclock Tuesday morning when the truck lie was driving was struck by the northbound M St L passenger train at Cam eron Mr Brandt was hauling a load of fertilizer to the Robert Pedelty farm about 2 miles east of Camer on His truck was traveling east at the time of the accident The passengertrain was about 20 minutes late W Striking the truck approximate ly over the front wheels the train turned the truck completely around headed it for a snowbank at the side of the railroad tore the engine completely from the truck and carried it approximately 50 yards along the track Brandt escaped from the oppo site side ot the impact before the cab and front end of the truck was demolished The train was un able to proceed after the crash and an engine was sent out from Ma son City to bring it into the station Brandt was taken to the Mercy hospital following the accident Apparently he was uninjured but was suffering from shock accord ing to persons who saw him fol lowing the accident Deputy sheriffs investigated the accident STEP UP RAIDS ON JAPBASES i 5 Tons of Bombs Are Dropped on Lae Region By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS In the far Pacific skies Tuesday allied warplanes stepped up the fury of their attack against Japa nese bases across hundreds of miles of the South Seas dropping Jo tons of bombs in a single sweep over the Lae region in New Guinea f Our 1000pouud bombs caused the heaviest destruction and many larjte fires were start cJ Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters announced rcfer nnr to the attack on Japanese occupied villages in the Lac vicinity d Other unilcd ranged far out New Britain The Solomons the Admiralty islands On the Burma front RAF raid ers pounded the big Japanese base at Akyab on the Bay of Bengal and attacked the Mingaladon air drome near Rangoon RAID MADE ON JAP BASE AT MUSDA The navy also reported that U a bombers smashed anew at the enemy air base at Munda in the Solomon islands H was at least the 74th raid on Munda since last Nov 23 American bombers also attack ed the Japanese base at Kiska in the Aleutians All U S planes returned safe dropping flares to light up the nightshrouded convoy like a stage this time the strategy backfired The Japanese took elaborate pains to illuminate the convoy after reconnaissance planes had been tracking it all day When dusk turned into blackness flares were dropped lighting llp the ocean like n stage setting Olher narcs were dropped which floated oiusidc the edges of our convoy The Japs came in Waves of two and three planes approached at intervals of five minutes An antiiar craft barrage burst among them but each still came on until it was hit and eiiffulfcd in flames The destroyer screen the eye witness said would pick up the planes and let oft a burst withering fire Our fire was terrific that there were five tell tale fires on top of the water at one time marking the end of as many Jap planes HOPES FINNS TO CEASE FIGHTING Welles Declares USf Position Is Clear WASHINGTON Sumner Welles undersecretary of state rsiterateq Tuesday the hope ot American government that the Finland soon would ivithdraiv from the war against Russia Asked at his press conference wtetheihe thought the time was approaching for Finland to dis associate itself from Germanys war againstRussia Welles re plied that the position of the United States had been made very clear in the past months Because of the real friendship and large measure of understand ing between the people of Finland and the people of the United States he said it was only natural that this country should hope that the government of Finland would no longer give effective military uid to the mortal enemies of the United States and other united nations and to the mortal ene mies of exactly that kind of dem ocracy and human liberty that the people of Finland themselves have believed in and stood for Meantime the entire Troops to Aid in Harvest in Arizona WASHINGTON UR Troops units have been assigned to assist in the harvest of long staple cot ton near Phoenix Ariz Hie war department announced Tuesday This was the first assignment of troops to farms in this war and was carried out under a new policy disclosed last Friday to have been approved by President Roosevelt The announcement wasmade as Lieut Gen Joseph T McNarney army deputy chief of staff was of discussing before hc senate agri so culture committee the general plan to release troops units to aid farm ers with their 10W crops Chair man Ellison D Smith D S Car farmer himself asserted the plan rnnvnv weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 77CS JAP NIGHT STRATEGY BACKFIRES ON NIPPONESE n attacking an allied convoy below Guadalcanal Japanese tor pedo planes used the same tactics employed in sinking the U S the battle minutes got over home and within 15 Roosevelts Receive Ration Books No 2 Bft rsen and Mrs Roosevelt received their K but rvalion booUs No 2 they didnt have to declare v u LuimuiiaDic mgnt an crmsci Chicago on Jan condition is about the same o ecare the amount ot canned goods they have on hand A white house sec retary who handled the registra tion explained the white house is classed as an institution and that under OPA regulations individu als residing there are not obliged to make declarations CHCRCIIILI CONDITION SAME LONDON Prime Minister Chinchill confined lo his bed since last week by acute catarrh had a comfortable night and his STALIN STATES RUSSIABEARING BRUNT OF WAR Declares 4000000 Nazis Have Been Killed in 20 Months by Reds By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW soph Stalin hailin t a r y forces on their 25th an n i v e r s ary as an army of avengers said Tuesday t h a t ill view of the absence of n second front in Europe the red army alone it bearing the whole weight of the war and ordered a fight to the death German invaders whom lie said the Jo Russias mili STALIN against the 4iOQO000 ot Russians had killed in 20 months Death to the German invad ers was his exhortation in a lengthy order of the day which he signed as supreme commander in chief In it he reviewed both Russian defeats and successes since Ger manys invasion of Russia in June 1841 assayed the shrinking German chances of success de rided German strategy and warn ed his people that a bitter fight remained The enemy hassuffered de feat bul he is not yet con quered Stalin said The Ger man fascist army is experienc ing1 a crisis because of the blows it has received from the red army but this docs not yet mean that it cannot recover V The red army has before it a severe struggle against the cun ning cruel and as yet strong enemy But said Stalin The fact is fascist Germany is becoming more and more exhausted while the soviet union is more and more developing its reserves and becoming even stronger Time is working against fascist Germany Since the beginning of the war the Russians have put out of com mission about 9000000 German officers and men of which no less than 4000000 were killed on the field of battle he declared In the last three months alone 112 enemy divisions have been routed by the red army lOOOflfl men have been killed and more than 300000 have been taken prisoner Stalin said He also listed huge Ger man equipment losses Manpower reserve Stalin de clared was the weak spot of Ih not wait1 he day praised i make up the loss in either mci or time And time will said The order of the vt ated to defend the frontiers of soviet land and not for conquest or foreign countries and noted that the beginning of the massed cirivc 01 the enemy from soviet lands has begun Knox Declares Nazis Building Subs Faster Than They Lose Them WASHINGTON navy announced Tuesday the sinking of a German submarine in the Atlantic and a Japanese sub marine in the a c i f i c md Secretary Knox said that every a v a i 1 a b 1 c weapon is be ing used to bring the At lantic Uboat menace tinder control Knox told a press confer ence that gen crally speaking KNOX losses of united nations merchant ships in the Atlantic have been much lower in the last three months but the submarine he de clared most emphatically still is very grave menace Evidence of this menace was plain in the navys announcement Tuesday of the torpedosinking of two passengercargo ships in the north Atlantic early this month with more than 850 persons dead or missing Most of the casualties were army and navy officers and men or members ot the ma rine corps and toast guard It was the lossoflifc disas ter for America in the war The two sub sinkings announced Tuesday the secretary said are not isolated cases but of other subs believed to have been suc cessfully attacked at least a per centage would have to beclassi fied only as probably sunk The navy still declines to issue the to tal number of enemy subs de stroyed or believed to be de stroyed for security reasons The secretary said he is sure thai despite he Uboats being destroyed the Germans are still building them faster than they are losing them In the present situation he added there is nothing on which lo predicate any sanguine hones for earlv stoppage or cure of the menace The secretary also said that the cooperative use of planes and surface ships is proving very effec tive against submarines and that no measures that we arc familiar with which would help reduce the sub menace are not being used there is no foolish feeling of com plccncy about this situation ALSO STOP NAZI TANK DRIVE IN TEBESSA FRONT Bitter Battle Reported Still Raging Near Thala Central Tunisia By UOGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Gen Dwighl D Eisenhowers headquarters announced a bright er turn in the battle of central lumsia Tuesday as tankled American and British troops smashing back at German arm ored columns successfully held the enemy at all points north and northwest of the Kasserine ap People Flee Mexican Town Fear Volcano MEXICO CITY pop illation was reported streaming from the little town of San Juan south of here Tuesday in fear of a nearby volcano which had spouted lava flowing to wilhin iwo miles Renewed activity of the crater known us the rock oven coincided with Mondays WIUA ipoi 01 me severe earth shock which killed German army now and he said onc Person here and caused con was unknown how they could siderablc damage Besides halting Ihc most UaiiRcrous nazi thrust in the hills Hortli of Kasserine pass American suns and continuous relays of U S warplanes turned bach another German column of 40 tanks motorized infantry and mobile Euns strik ing toward Tcbcssa Front dispatches said the Te bessabound column fell back to ward its sally port after suffering a number cas ualties and losing many tanks un der a murderous fire by Ameri can gunners At least six German tanks and 1U trucks were listed as de stroyed by aerial attack alone One of the bitterest battles of the Tunisian campaign was re ported still raging near Thala miles north of Kasserine lighting continued throughout the day an allied communkiuc said with the Ger mans throwing powerful tank and infantry forces into the But the Americans andBrittsh uifbcted heavy casualties 06 the nazis captured prisoners and de stroyed or wrecked a number enemy tanks General Eisenhower reoorted Fortyton Churchill tanks brought secretly to the Tunisian front were credited with help ins crush the German arm ored thrust on the plains be fore Sbiba V Nine Churchills engaged 14 nazi aiihs and in a fiery clash de stroyed four with a loss oL only one of their own reports said The bulk of the mtzi armored strength described as about 220 tanks was reported already ill action or in position in the Kas serine gap region ACTRESS BUIS RAiVCII HOLLYWOOD URFilm Ac tress Ida Lupino disclosed Tuesday she has bought a seven and one half acre ranch on which she plans to raise hogs and pigeons for the duration The ranch is on the outskirts of Hollywood Allied waruJaiics formed a protective umbrella over the AngloU S ground troops who Mcrc battliiic fiercely to defend the strategic Krcimmsa plateau northwest of lhc axiscaptured Kasserine piss In other sectors the comunicjue said our patrols have been active and successfully repulsed the enemy wherever encountered and have taken prisoners in several places Italian headquarters acknowl edged that the allies had launched a series of counterattacks but as serted they were repulsed The fascist communique de clared that in the last four days the axis had captured 85 prison ers destroyed CG tanks 74 arm ored cars and 58 guns mid seized Jarne numbers of motor trans armys brief announcement sain Troon units have been as signed lo relieve an cmcrgency silunlion from the shortage of farm labor for harvesting the long staple cotton crop in he area near Phoenix Ariz The import ance of this crop as an indispen sable war rnaleriil impelled war department action as a matter of I military necessity j Units from nearby military in slallations will be employed in ti Casablanca emergency The areas concerned arc in Final and Maricopa countv Both white and Negro troops will be cm ployed FIRE ROUTS 80 MINNEAPOLIS M i n Fire routed 80 residents of a three story brick apartment building Monday niglil The fire started in the basement spreading o mal Ircspcs and overstuffed furniture of the Goodwill industries Dense smoke billowed into Ihc apart ments forcing the occupants to flee LONDON Ambas sador Ivan Maisfcy in stiff fol lowup to Premier Stalins warn ing that the enemy has not yet been defeated declared in a speech here Monday that Russia expects an early realization of the military decisions taken at Casablanca The sooner AngloAmerican forces begin lo deliver hard blows against nazi Germany in Europe sooner will nazi Germany be Jed between two powerful hammers knocking at her from east and west and the sooner will come our common victory and the smaller will be the sacrifice need ed for it Maisky said in an ad dress opening an exhibition of Russian arts and crafts Echoing Stalins words he ivnrncd against optimistic illu sions1 arising from red army suc cesses this winter AUSTIN HOLDS BALLOT AUSTIN M i n n voters cast ballots Tuesday oo a proposal for a new airport site BATTLE RAGES NEAR troops 1 bJUtlctl to stop a German lank column near Thala 2 As Rommel hurled infantry through Kasserine pass toward the American base of Tcbcssa in Algeria A third Ger man column struck toward Sbiba tn the north British and German troops battled near Medjcz El Bab white and black
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