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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 30, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HIST03V AKO THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKCS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AW HOME EDITION rmrm FUU MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JANUARY 30 1943 j tirvi UriIV 1 lyld iArtK UOKMSTS OF TWO SECTIONS ATfl QT RAID BERLIN AS GOERING TALKS ALLIES POSH ON REDS ROOT AXIS Deep German Defenses on 44 Mile Russian Front Are Shattered By RICHARD McMUKRAY Associated Press War Editor British eighth army vanguards moved into Tunisia Saturday in remorseless pursuit of Marshal Rommel while the great red armies of Russia enveloped 40 more towns west of Voronezh in an offensive consuming Hitlers waning manpower Allied successes in Russia and on the rim of Europe in North Africa combined to make a mel ancholy backdrop for the tenth anniversary of Hitlers rise to power in Germany if It was ten years ago that be wildered old President Paul von Hindenburg turned over the chan cellery to the brown shirted poli tician The German people were sowing to the wind Saturday they were reaping the whirlwind LAST BIT OF DCCES EMPIRE WON BY BRITISH The British move across the Tunisian frontier completed the conauestof Libya last bit of Mus sohnis expensively empire and tightened the narrow Socket in which Rommels refu gees and the expeditionary force of Col Gen von Arnim are hold ing against two British and one U S army beside the 80000 or more French troops of Gen Henri Giraud The magnificent army Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery passed the battered port of Zuara 65 miles west of the Libyan capital of Tripoli Part of Rommels 60000 to 70000 fugitives are believed be hind the French built Mareth line 65 miles within Tunisia Further to the north in the re fion between Sfax and Gabes an axis held corridor had been narrowed to about 30 miles and American forces were maintain ing steady pressure to prevent a wholesale amalgamation of Rom mels and von Arnins troops The weather remained bad lim iting flying and ground operations but the peak of the rainy season will soon be passed Toward the middle of February the terrain may be dry enough for a massive allied offensive to drive the axis completely from Africa DEEP GERMAN DEFENSES SHATTERED BY RUSSIANS The latest Russian success was scored west of Voronezh the hinge of the Russian lines about midway between Moscow and Stalingrad Deep German defenses were shat tered on a 44mile front and the Russians declared that parts of nine divisions were sealed tightly in a trap cast of recaptured Kas tornoye In three days of advances ranging np to 31 miles the Rus sians hilled or captured 26580 of the foe and wiped out an en tire Italian Alpine corps 11000 of whom were captured In this bagwere three of Mussolinis tenerals Springing forward beyond the captured rail junction of Propnt kin 130 miles southeast of Rostov in the Caucasus the Russians they captured more towns Ad vances also were made on the low er Don where the red army stood only 56 miles short ot Rostov of the whole German posi tion in the south Fire Destroys Hangar and 26 Airplanes at Winona Loss 1VINONA Minn UFS A fire which destroyed the Winona air port hangar and 26 planes within 45 mmules was estimated Satur day to have caused damage of more than 5100000 The explosion of cleaning fluid which was be ing used on a plane under repair started the fire at p rn Fri day Within 45 minutes only the shell of wood and concttle struc ture waslcft standingand all but three planes at the airport were damaged beyond repair Freights crash Service to the north of Mason City was annulled on the Chicago North Western railway Satur day while a wrecking crew cleared tracks at Hanlontown where an extra freight collided with another extra freight waiting on a siding about 10 oclock Fri day night onehalf mile west of Hanlontown Extra freight No 2413 hauling 47 cars and moving east headed on to the siding at Hanlontown to meet No 223 northbound Extra No 1351 also heading east with 23 cars collided with the rear end of the first freight which was standing on the siding The caboose was destroyed by fire Two other cars were de stroyed No one was injured in the wreck and the engine re mained on the track The cause of the wreck has not been deter mined The wrecker was sent from St James Minn to clear the tracks Woodsman Pinned by Tree Saws Self Free OQUOSSOC Maine WPj Tom McGraw 65 year old woodsman wouldnt give up A tree felt and pinned him to the ground Friday for six hours After the first two hours he managed to clutch the saw he had droppedFour houri later he had sawed through the tree releasing himself He was not seriously injured Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Saturday after noon Colder Saturday night and Sunday forenoon Lowest tem perature in Mason City 2 IOWA Colder Saturday night and in the east portion Sunday fore noon Little change in tempera ture in west portion Sunday forenoon MINNESOTA Colder Saturday night and entire state Sunday forenoon Intermittent light snow north portion Saturday night and Sunday and ending central portion Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 29 Minimum Friday night 17 At 8 a m Saturday 24 Snow inch Piecip 02 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 30 ROOSEVELT 61 STILL PILING UP PRECEDENTS Eye Not Dimmed for Dramatic Latest Trip Shows Vigor Continues WASHINGTON Roosevelt was 61 years old Satur day and as a sideline to directing America in its most titanic war he still is setting precedents at a rapid pace That the passing of another year has not dimmed his eye for the dramatic and spectacular or made heavy inroads on his vigor was demonstrated by his epochal flight to Casablanca to chart 1943 war plans designed to force unconditional surrender of Italy and Japan Never before in war time had an American chief executive set foot on foreign soil or conferred in their home lands with heads of other nations as he did on the way back from Africa with Presidents Barclay of Liberia and Vargas of Brazil Time has left its mark on the man of course His hair is sparser and grayer and his face shows deeper seams Yet the tremendous burdens of the presidency have taken relatively little toll of his health Andin the year just ended he has been bothered withfewer of his recurrent colds than in some less strenuous years For Mr Roosevelt Jhe period between his sixtieth and sixtyfirst birthdays was perhaps as eventful as any in his career It saw the de velopment of the united nations as the most formidable international union ever established It saw those nations shift from the defensive to tiie offensive with the help of what the presi dent has called a miracle of pro duction in the United Slates It saw the Japanese pressed back at points in the Pacific an An gloAmerican invasion of North Africa and a colossal winter of fensive sprung by Russia The year ahead might well be equally eventful Mr Roosevelt has promised that the allies will strike and slrike hard at the axis trium virate and that 1943 will see sub stantial advances along the rough roads to Rome Berlin and Tokio Through all the turbulence of war with its transfer ot emphasis from domestic to international e Delay Start of Anniversary Address Nazi People Promised Victory While Armies Continue to Retreat ROOSEVELTAND VARGAS REACH ACCORD ON AIM Agree at Conference That Atlantic Must Be Sale for All WASHINGTON pres idents of the United Stales and Brazil reaching an accord in a RAIDED BERLIN speedy twin engined mosquito bomber of the British auforce is the type which Saturday made a daylight raid on Berlin Each craft is capable of carrying a 2000 pound bomb load and can make a round trip flightof 1200 miles It is equipped with four cannon and four machine guns time for chats with old friends and evenings at the while house for books his stamp collection or movies Then still energetic he lias worked day and night when the exigencies of the moment de manded It Casablanca dis patches noted for example that he and Churchill frequently had conferred into the early mornins hours during their 10 day meetine With thepresident immersed in the issues America cefebrates his birthday as usual with parties balls and cam paigns to raise funds to combat in fantile paralysis the dread dis ease which once assailed him Americas salute to his birthday on all radio networks at Sat urday night has added Bing Crosby Dick Powell and Florence George to the roster ol talent Crosby mid Powell will sing two of the presidents favor ites and Miss George will sing The Star Spangled Banner Mr Roosevelt speaking briefly in response to lie nations greet ing will be heard at a convenient time within the hour The point from which he is broadcasting has not been revealed because of war time restrictions Besides this program the blue network at will carry a sa Jute from American doughboys in England INDICTED BY GRAND JURY DES MOINES Bisig nano proprietor of Babes res taurant one of the capital citys most popular night spots and his SANITARIUM AT NEVADA BURNS Baby Missing 40 Room Structure Is Destroyed NEVADA Iowa two weeks old baby was missing Sat urday after fire destroyed the Iowa sanitarium on the south edgeofNevada About 15patientswere safety and a staff of about the same number in the 40 year old 40 room brickwall building es caped without injury The fire was reported about 8 a m and within an hour the structure was a crumbling mass of ruins Hospital officials esti mated the loss at 375000 to S100 000 and said there was 350000 in surance on the institution The hospital was operated by the Iowa Seventh Day Advcntist association The missing baby belonged to Mr and Mrs Clifton DoolHtlc of near Nevada ft was in an incuba tor on the third floor of the structure Two other babies were taken to safety Patients were removed without difficulty some going to their home and others temporarily to the nearby Oak Park academy also operated by the Adventists Volunteer firemen from Ne vada and one truck from Ames fought the blaze but were unable to save the old building One witness said the fire just seemed to burst out all over Buy War Savings Bonds and crc I Stamps from your GlobeGazette conference are agreed Atlantic must be made personal lhat the safe for all and that West Afri ca and Dakar must never iigiiiu offer threats of blockade or in vasion against the Americas On the way home from the mainline of war strategy with Prime Minister Churchill at Casablanca Morocco President Koosevelt conferred with Presi dent Vargas aboard a United States destroyer at Natal Thurs day They told of the paint they had agreed on in a joint statement Friday night In Rio De Janeiro Vargas as serted that a complete accord on the war effort was reached be tween the two American allies stirring fresh speculation whether Brazil might take an even more active role in the conflict by send ing troops to the actual battle lines On two points theywere It is the aim of Brazil the United States to make the Atlantic ocean safe for alir8they saidin their joint declaration re leased at the white house We are deeply grateful for the almost unanimous help that our neigh bors are giving to the great cause of democracy throughout the world The latter sentence was re garded as being addressed par ticularly to Argentina the only one of the Latin American nations which has ftiiletl to declare war on the axis or rupture diplomatic relations The two chief executives also expressed complete agreement that it must be permanently and definitely assured lhat the coast of West Africa and Dakar never again under any circum stances be allowed to become a blockade or an invasion threat against the two Americas They said they had spent an evening going over problems of the war as a whole but particu larly the joint BrazilianUnited BULLETIN LONDON Fast British mosquito bombers raided Berlin twice Saturday once at 11 a in and again just before Reichs marshal Hermann Gocring Itcgsui speaking at noon and one bomb er failed to return from the second foray it was announced SaturCuy LONDON mosquito bombers swept across GDImany and poured explosives on Berlin Saturday to delay for a tumultuous hour an anniversary address in which Air Marshal Herman Goering promised ultimate victory to the German people Timing its first daylight assault of the war on the nazi capital to coincide with the anniversary of Adolf Hitlers accession to power the RAF struck its target pre cisely at 11 a m when supposed o start his speech if A nazi radio announcer said the fuehrer himself was with his soldiers The British air ministry said the swift mosquito bomb Britains newest type in action returned safely from their hazar dous expedition WO miles into hostile territory The Berlin radio subsequently issued this statement Three British planes pene trated into Germany under the cover of thick clouds Saturday This operation was carried out for propaganda purposes only The announcer did not say where the planes went HERMAN GOERING Delays Speech south Atlantic and Vargas an nounced greatly increased ef forts on the part of his country to meet this menace carrier boy FINDS RIGHT CUSTOMER ALBION N Y com pany sent by mistake to a local store two rightfooted slices size nine instead of the customary States effort They considered j paii As She proprietor prepared to too the continuing submarine return them a onelegged man en danger from the Caribbean to the I tcrcil and purchased both FROM 33 TO 43 WITHFRANKLIN D By ALEXANDER K GEORGE AP Features Writer 6Ist birth day of Franklin D Roosevelt finds him rounding out 10 tempestuous years in the White House with still the theme song of his amazing presidential career Through a decade of precedent smashing economic recovery and reform measures of bitter politi cal strife and finally of this coun try s involvement in war the right of all to a comfortable liv ing secure from the fear of pov erty and ot war has been the keystone of his political preach ments The underlying pattern of the Roosevelt political revolution and the spreading of war flames to American shores are reflected in the following utterances culled from public statements made by him since he ascended to the presidency have no sympathy with the professional economists who insist lhat things must run their course and that human agencies can have no influence on economic talk to the people The old fallacious no tion of the bankers on the one side and the government on the other as more or less equal and independent units has passed away Government by the neces sity of things must be the leader must be the judge of conflicting ll groups of the com interests in a m it n i I y including bankers Address to American Bankers As sociation 100 per cent of the population against 100 per cent of the hazards and vicissitudes of life but we have tried to frame a law which will give some measure of protection to the average citizen and to his family against the loss of a job and against povertyrid den old to press on Social Security bill 1936 The period of social pioneering is only at its begin at Baltimore we are to have a world in which we can breathe freely and live in amity without fear the peaceloving nations must make a concerted effort to uphold laws and principles on which alone peace can rest sc cure Without a declaration Vve can never insure ot war and without warning civilians including women and children arc being ruthlessly mur dered with bombs from the air in Chicago at the time ot Japans attack on China world has grown so small and weapons of attack so swift that no nation can be sate in its will to peace so long as any other single powerful nation refuses to settle its griev ances at the council Statement at time Hitler was put ting pressure on Czechoslovakia of great govern ments in this hour are literally responsible for the fate of hu manity in the coming years I hope that your answer will make it possible for humanity to lose fear and regain security for many years to to Hit ler appealing for settlement ot European problems without re sort to war clear fact is that the American people must recast their thinking about national pro message to congress calling for billion dollar emer gency arms program following nazi blitz invasion of Holland Belgium and France I ask that the congress declare that since the unpro voked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday Dec 7 a state of war has existed between the United Stales and the Japanese empire Harbor One day after Pearl will this war end There is only one answer to that It will end just as soon as we make it end by our combined efforts our com bined strength our combined de termination to fight through and work through until the end of militarism in Germany and Italy and Japan Most cer tainly we shall not settle for less We are fighting today for security for progress and for sage to congress have been told that this is no time to speak oC a bet ter America after the war 1 dissent If the security of the in dividual citiren or the family should become a subject of na tional debate the country knows where I to con people ask when I gross i Duririglhe delayof uri the sfarlbf Goerings address ra dio listeners heard muffled shouts and explosionlike noises that could have been caused by the British bombers Goering spoke in the air ministry building which is in the center of Berlins business district A Tew minutes after the raiders evidently had passed Goering who once promised the German people that British bomben never would cross their frontiers began his address He said theBritish air force would bo repaid one day In pledging final victory to the German people Gocring said there would be a new nazi offensive in the spring mid declared Oil the day we finally crush bolshevik resistance I will remember what the RAF has clone to Germany V Alluding to the entrapped German army before Stalingrad he said that In thousand years to come every German will still know that Germany at Stalingrad has set the final stamp to ultimate victory people which fijlits as the Ger mans arc fighting at Stalingrad can and must During the long interval before the start of Goerings speech the announcer kept saying at frequent intervals There will be a few more minutes delay in Marshal Goerings At least one loud bang was clearly audiblcta London radio listeners who had received no previous hint that the RAF was raiding the capital Reuters said thot Goering and his audience evidently were driv en to shelters by the bombing thus forcing lie delay in his speech It was the second time since he was appointed chancellor by President Paul von Hindenburg 10 years ago Saturday that Hitler himself had not addressed the German people on the anniversary The streets were unadorned with Ilais and it was a somber day in the nazi capital even before the bombs began to fall from the ter sky The KAF chose its fastest light bomber for Saturdays spectacu lar foray which penetrated 400 miles of enemy territory The sleek twiumotorcd mosquito was pivcii its name because of its slim lines Its skin is of ply wood which eliminates rivet heads and enhances its reputedly close to 100 miles an hour Although no details of the raid were announced immediately it was considered possible that tfie swift ships had swept across Ger many at treetop level to evade and confuse defending German fighter planes and antiaircraft defenses The Berlin radio did not leave the air at any time during the raid In the greatnight raids of Jan 16 and 17 on the German capital i
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