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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 27, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND ARCHIVES KOINES I A tHE NEWSfAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 27 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTKXM ONE j u u fixv 1 CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTiaM ONE JVO 94 ALLIES MAP MAJOR STRATEGY Reports Indicate European Invasion Courses Charted and Field Commanders Selected SENATE VOTES 4 YEAR COUNTY OFFICER TERMS Only One Dissenting Ballot After Flurry of Heated Argument DES MOINES Iowa senate Wednesday passed and sent the house two measures extending the terms of county officers to four years At the same time a resolution was introduced to submit a con stitutional amendment to the voters lo extend the terms of state officials to four years Members of county boards of supervisors now serve threeyear terms and other county officials are elected for twoyear terms State officials also are elected for twoyear terms with the excep tion pf the superintendent of pub licinstruction who is elected lor years supreme court justices six years The bill to extend the terms the district clerk of court treas urer recorder sheriff auditor and coroner drew a flurry of heated debate but passed with only one dissenting vote Senator Carl O Sjulin R the measure one of the most asinine bills 1 ever read If you have a good county of ficer he doesnt need to fear com ing up for election every two years If you have a poor county officer you dont what him there for four years he continued Senator Sjulin admitted he vot ed for a similar bill two years ago bat added we knew the house would kill it Sjulin de claredthat if the bill were passed he republican party would be committine suicide in Iowa If county officers are elected every two years they will get out and work in the campaign but they serve four years they will just loaf he asserted Senator H S Love R Bridge water predicted that county of fices would attract a better class of men if terms were extended to four years Senator Frank C Bycrs R Cedar Rapids asserted that with a four year term counties would Set men more ivininr to run for office and devote lime to their office than now when they have to spend so much time campaigning for reelection Senator Sjulin cast the only no vote on the first bill providing four year terms for county offi cers pwier than supervisors Tiie three members of the pres ent senate who voted no on the proposition two years ago voted yes Wednesday They are Sen ators John R Hattcry R Ne Floyd Jones R Osceola Allies Continue to Advance on Russian North African Fronts By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor President Roosevelts histori unconditional surrender confer ence with Prime Minister Church ill in north Africa drew nervous jibes from Berlin while stirring greathopes in united nations cap itals Wednesday as the two allied leaders separated to put theii strategy into active and concert ed execution military secrecy shrouded the exact plans laid down in the dramatic 10 day meeting but censorpassed dispatches from north Africa left little doubt that European invasion courses had been charted and that field commanders had been decided upon for impending operations Prime Minister Churchill him self declared that the results would be seen soon Meanwhile the German radio reflecting a whistlinginthedark state of jitters told the German people that it took 10 days to establish harmony between the AngloAmerican governmen chiefs and complained bitterly Itis Roosevelts desire to see the European nations bleed to death defending themselves against the Bolshevist hordes LIQUIDATION OF NAZIS AT STALINGRAD IS NEAR For the bulk of AdolT Hitlers siege armies before Stalingrad originally estimated at 2200QC troops the defense of their trapped forces was virtually end ed A victory bulletin from soviet headcmarters declared that only 12000 nazi survivors remained in the DonVolga trap caught in two tightlysealed pockets Both of these groups are doomed and their liquidation is only a question of two or three days the Russian command said Subsequently red army head quarters announced that the en tire German 534th regiment Perhaps 1600 troops in Ihe trap had surrendered and that detachments of the 165th infan try regiment had been wiped out Hitters headquarters reported tersely that the great winter ter battle on the eastern soviet front is raging with undiminished force and spreading to new areas At the same time Turkish re ports broadcast by the Morocco radio indicated that Hitler was preparing for a seaborne with drawal f Caucasian armies arid Devcrc Wafson 9 Council While the recorded vote on the bill Wednesday was 45 to I Sen ator Irving D Long R Man chester said he also voted but the secretary recorded him as voting yes The vote on the bill to lengthen the term of su pervisors was recorded as 39 to 5s District court clerks Ireasur ad recorders elected in 1941 would serve fouryear terms Sheriffs auditors and coroners elected in 1944 would serve twoyear terms and sher iffs auditors and coroners elect ed in wonH serve fouryear terms Under this plan half of the county officers would be elected every two years The resolution proposing a con stitutional amendment to give state officers fouryear terms would apply to governor lieu tenant governor secretary of state auditor treasurer attorney gen eral and county attorneys now rapidly being hemmed into a narrow coastal strip below Rostov The broadcast said all axis ships i Turkish and Bulgarian ports had been ordered to proceed to the Caucasian Black sea port of No vorossisk Capping a week of gloomy broadcasts the Berlin rad io quoted Capt Ludwig Sertorius naiz military commentator as saying that each axis soldier still trapped at Stalingrad probably has forfeited his life1 STEP UP PURSWT OF TATTERED ROMMEL FORCE On the north African front Bntisn headquarters announced hat Gen Sir Bernard L Mont gomerys victorious British 8th army resumed contact axis rearguards with Tuesday west of Ui WUii Ol Zauia 30 miles beyond fallen 1 ripol This indicated that General Montgomery was stepping up his pursuit of Nazi Field Marshal Er win Rommels tattered Africa corps whose main forces had ap parently escaped into Tunisia It the first time in several days U the British communique men tion contact with the retreating In Tunisia tankled V S in fantry were reported to have clinched their hold on the strat egic Ousseltia valley 65 miles below Tunis after captorint a mountain pass commanding the valley plain Other American forces in the region of Maknassy 35 miles in land from the Gulf Of Gabes poised a threat rear of the Frenchbuilt Mareth line which lies near the LibyanTunisian frontier Frontline dispatches said the Americans were also in a posi tion to cut off Rommels escape corridor witii a thrust to the gulf coast between Siax and Gabes Seek Axis Surrender PRESIDENT FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT WINSTON CHURCHILL U S BOMBERS RAID GERMANY Sub Centers Thought Chosen for Assaults LONDON fP States heavy bombers flying fortresses and liberators attacked naval in stallations in Germany Wednes day it was authoritatively an nounced It was the United States army air forces first attack en the German homeland It was believed that German Uboat centers particularly were chosen for the attack Just whatpart of the reich was hit was not disclosed A United States headquarters communique said KUnited States army air force flying fortresses B17s and lib erators B24s attacked naval installations in Germany Wednes day Committee Approves Flynn Nomination by Vote of 13 to 10 WASHINGTON sen ate foreign relations committee ipproved Wednesday President Roosevelts nomination of Edward J Flynn former national demo ratic chairman to be Minister o Australia and the presidents personal representative in the outhwest Pacific The vote was 13 to 10 Three democrats Senators leorge DGa Van Nuys D nd and Gillette oincd with the seven republican members of the committee in vot ng against confirmation The issue however still is loubtful in the senate which must pass on the presidential appoint ment regardless of whether the committee issues a favorable or unfavorable report Transport ofTjpe in Which F R May Hate FlowT jirl Fatally Hurt in School Bus Accident MACEDONIA Iowa X Vaomi Joan Viner 6 was injured atally in a school bus accident icre Wednesday Coroner Jack Tyler girl got off the bus vith other children from the chool The driver Brett Bisbee 0 Macedonia started away and faomi stooped to pick up some hing she had dropped Tyler dried The girl was struck by the vhecl or side of the bus She was cad when a doctor arrived at he school Buy War Savings Bonds and tamps from GlobeGazette carrier Setting in Which Conferences Were Held in French Morocco Pressure Put on 2 French Chief s by F R Churchill De Gaulle and Giraud Forced to Meet and Talk Things Over In the following article John Evans intimately acquainted with France for many years and formerly chief of the Associated Press bnrean in Paris tells why the efforts of Roosevelt and Churchill to settle the north African political unheava were far from By JOHN EVANS Associated Press Foreign Chief The failure of the Roosevelt Churchill war parley at Casa blanca to achieve full and frank unity among the French probably masks greater success than ap pears On the face of things to put it bluntly Roosevelt and Churchill seem to have read the riot act to High Commissioner General Hen ri Giraud and General Charles De Gaulle leader of the Fighting r rench Wes Gallagher head of the As sociated Press staff in north Af rica says in his dispatches that any definite settlement between the two 15 going to be a long tedious process Meantime the two French gen erals publicly pledge themselves to liberate France by union in war or alt free Frenchmen fight ing side by side with all the al lies and announced establishment of regular liaison if no more The real success is that the president and the prime minister who hold the purse strings and who have force and prestige with hem have obliged the two spar ring Frenchmen to talk things over and to realize that they must subordinate their views to the good of France Glenn Babb war news inter preter said that while Messrs Hoosevelt and Churchill both adept at combining an iron pur pose with a diplomats approach spent some time on the DC Gaullc Giraud problem they doubtless made clear to those temperamen tal warriors their determination that French politics should not interfere with the great objective complete victory This was pri marily a council of war to plan the strokes that will crush F R Trip to Hove More Chapters WASHINGTON Presi dential Secretary Stephen Early said Wednesday the story of President Roosevelts trip lo North Africa would have sub sequent chapters So far as it can be told at the present timt he informed reporters the complete Subsequent chapters undoubtedly will be written as events unfold WAAC Only Woman at F R CVchill Talk FORT DES MOINES This womens army auxiliary corps training center was glowing with pride Wednesday over the news that First Officer Louise Lillian Anderson a member of the sec ond class of officers graduated here was the only woman at She Roosevelt Churchill conEerenccs Holding a rank equal to an army captain she qualified lo serve as secretary at the meeting with her ability to take dictation at 150 words per minute Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Wednes day afternoon and Wednesday night Continued mild Thursday forenoon Lowest temperatures Wednesday night la IOWA Warmer Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon decided change in temperature Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon Occasional light snow north portion Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday is Minimum Tuesday night At 3 a m Wednesday 6 YEAR AGO Maximum 29 Minimum Think Much Is Still to Be Revealed By C R CUNNINGHAM ALGIERS UP Conviction grew Wednesday that the un conditional surrender pronounce ment of President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill tells only possibly not the most exciting the story of their 10day meeting at Casablanca Correspondents who attended the historic RoosevcltChurc hiill press conference which con cluded the deliberations in the whitewalled eily on Africas west coast believe that the of ficial communique did not cover all the activity of those ten days m the sundrenched Moroccan porl Rumors of what occurred at Casablanca have run a gamut to end all gamuts and none thus far has taken any form of au thoritativeness These rumors had it that Ital ian Spanish and even Finnish and Turkish delegates had repre sentatives at the meeting The rumors were that these representatives were invited not necessarily to join the united na tions but to become convinced of the might of the allies Then they could make their own choice Walter Logan United Press staff correspondent also present at Casablanca during the meeting re ported having ban Rage bearing Finnish labels G ward Price London Dailv Mail correspondent at Casablanca re ported it may be said that Ihe statements made here are only a partial revelation It is obvious there may be additional activities which are Unrevealable and may even be denied in the interests of the common There were a welter of ru mors reeardiner those who par ticipated at one time or another in the meeting The fact that correspondents were not per mitted to go into any great deal of speculation as to the con ferees aroused their suspicion NAZI DEFEAT IS BELIEVED FIRST AIM FOR ALLIES Allocation of Alain Resources to 3 Major Fronts Thought Settled By JOHV SI HIGUTOWER WASHINGTON A supreme strategy of victory calling for the defeat of Italy and Germany first and Japan second and providing for a general European offensive as soon as possible after con clusion of the African cam paign was believed in authori tative quarters Wednesday to Iwe been agreed upon by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill This would amount in ef fect to an affirmation of plans already in process of execution it was said but would mean additionally that the leaders of the two great allied western powers also had made at least a rough allocation of their re sources among the three main theaters of AtlanticEuropean Russian and PacificAsiatic First of all it is not believed that President Roosevelt would have cared to take the risk of a 6000mile airplane ride for noth ing more than a heart to heart talk with Prime Minister Church Nor was it thought likely that he would embark on such a ven ture simply to review the events of 1942 or even to plan the events of 1053 It was noted that the combined allied chiefs of staff could have undertaken these tasks without the presence of cither the presi dent or the prime minister What particularly aroused the interest of the correspondents was the complete air of mystery I which surrounded the entire pro ceeding The records of the corre spondents accredited to the North African Held have beciv scrupulously studied and a con siderable amount of confidence has been placed in them How ever in the Casablanca instance they were eiven not the slight est inktin of what was taking Place until after they arrived on the scene The actual application of this strategy was believed to have been left up to the com bined chiefs of staff of Brit ish and American forces Their decisions would be made if they have not in some instances been made al ready on such questions as the organization and launching of an aerial offensive against nazi Eu rope from Africa as well as from tngland and when and where to invade the continent with ground troops All that was actually and con cretely known here about the military aspects of the meetin was what was announced in dis patches from Casablanca uTllese Principally were that plans had been agreed upon to maintain the initiative in all theaters in 1943 that the war would never be completed short 01 an unconditional surrender by Germany Italy Japal th rtussia and China would receive the maximum amount of supplies which can be given them that ice French leaders Generals Henri Giraud and Charles de Oaullc have undertaken a move ment to put n French army navy und airforcc into action During the press conference with Mr Roosevelt and Churchill the correspondents contrary to the customary White House pro not given any op portunity to ask questions Immediately after the session the newsmen were rushed to a conference room where the allied staffs had held their daily meet ings and given a few hours in which to write their stories Then they were brought back here Casablanca was literally satur ated with rumors Crowded as it special antiaircraft cm pecial guards secret and troops almost any kind of report was passed avidly from person to person One of the most frequent of these reports was that the anti aircraft batteries had orders not to fire on any enemy or might ap pear at certain hours of the day The inference of course was that some sort of emissary from some belligerent state was expected The assurance that the initia tive would be maintained in alt theaters was interpreted here as meaning specifically that there would be no denial of necessary troops and supplies lor the war asrsinst Japan in order to concentrate on Europe Australia and China particular ly have indicated at times a fear that preoccupation with Germany might allow Japan a relatively free hand in the Pacific The American high command is Known to have held the view all along however that no matter great the need or opportun ity for action in the European theater there never could be the slightest relaxation of pressure in the Pacific even though victory in Europe was the united nations first objective in 1943 To gain this victory would bc a long step toward concluding tho Pacific conflict since it would per mit the concentration of both American and British naval and airforces in the Pacific and throw the whole military powers of ill030 natlon against Nippon bhould Russia then enter light also air bases would be come available from which Japan might rapidly be brought to heel In the European theater at military men here evaluated the situation the primary need is to overcome all axis resistance in Worth Africa
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