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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 22, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPX MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 22 1943 NO 90 BRITISH FIGHT IN TRIPOLI SUBURBS Nazis Admit Plight of Trapped Force BERLIN ISSUES ITS GLOOMIEST REPORT OFWAR Reds Carve Out Large Chunks of Nazi Defense Lines Built in 1941 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The German high command for the first time Friday edged that its army before Stalin grad had been trapped by the great Russian offensive and was lighting for its life against far superior forces which Thursday broke through the German lines from the west to a depth of sev eral kilometers In a communique broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded by the Associated Press the high command tacitly admitted the full extent of the Russian on slaught on the eastern front It probably was the gloomiest com munique issued from Berlin in this war In the Caucasus the broadcast said German forces had de tached themselves from the enemy according to plan and iii the southern sector had repulsed con certed Russian attacks on the en tire front The Russians also were acknowl edged to be attacking fiercely in the Leningrad area and around Velikie Luki southwest of Moscow but the communique declared these assaults were repulsed with heavy losses in tanks and men to the Russians For the first time the German highcohimaridin itsofficial com roHhique admitted the desperate plight of axis troops encircled be fore Stalingrad The German group in the Stalingrad area which is closely encircled by the enemy and which is offering tenacious re sistance to strong enemy pres sure had to wage heavy fight ing Thursday against the Soviets who are storming with far su perior forces the communique said heroic defense tile de fenders of Stalingrad Germans could not prevent the enemy from breaking in from the west whirh compelled withdrawal of our own positions by several kilometers the broadcast continued In man to man fighting a large number of soviet tanks were destroyed The admission indicated that it was the beginning of the end for the beleaguered nazis On the Caucasus front swift moving soviet troops captured the city of Voroshilovsk after a 27 mile advance clearing the way for a drive against the German stronghold at Armavir and the Maikop oil fields Voroshilovsk lies about 40 miles east of Armavir gateway to the Kuban river valley and key to the western Caucasus defence zone below Rostov Latest advices from Moscow declared the Russians were carv ing huge chunks out of German defense lines originally estab lished in 1941 sweeping the in vaders back on a long arc ex tending from the Caucasus up through the Don and Donets river basins into the Voronezh sector In its midnight communique the Russian command announced the capture of Golofyeevka 85 miles southeast of Kursk Imd only 10 miles below the big communi cations hub of StarayaOskol German prisoners transferred to the Russian front from Belgium were quoted as saying that their ranks had been bled white dur ing recent battles and that com panies now consisted of 10 to 30 men Hungarian troops which have borne the brunt of the Russian assault below Voronezh were ad mitted by Premier Nicholas von Kallay of Hungary to have suf fered heavy casualties7 in fight ing off tremendous soviet at tacks The premiers address to the Hungarian government on the general war situation broadcast by Berlin included a threat of severe measures against persons guilty of disseminating false news He said Hungarian troops were offering unshakable resistance to the Russian attacks London Sources Think 1943 Allied Strategy Decisions Are Now Being Mapped Out By E C DANIEL LONDON on the united nations 1943 world strategy are believed here to be in the making at the moment Topping the list are thought be despite the political and military tribulations in North Africa is causing the belief to grow in Lon of a genuine allied war council including rep resentatives of the United States Britain Soviet Russia and China settlement of he North African political squab ale and consolidation of the Brit sh and American command in tforth Africa with the view to fu ture operations designed for the opening of a second front in Europe of the efforts of all the major united nations for simultaneous air sea and land drives in to finish off the axis before the end of the year if possible or at any rate in 1944 concerted cam paign on the seven seas to put the allies on the offensive in the sst element in which they still are on the defensive An unusual and optimism in high quarters warfare air of expectancy don that such comprehensive steps have been or are being taken The trips to Washington by Ad miral Harold R Stark command er ot U S naval forces in Euro pean waters and Ambassador John G Winant are regarded as pos sibly related to these matters Just as conferences last year re sulted in the spectacular North African landings and the resurg ence of the red army supplied with British and American weapons so present negotiations also are ex pected lo show bold planning and precise coordination In the opinion of experienced observers in London there could not be so much optimistic talk here and in the United States it there were not plans at least to support it the Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy A H A VERY court could settle those points and the bill passed 101 to 3 I knew darn well there was a conspiracy against me on this Avery said as the laughter sub sided Frogs Score Big Victory as Laughter Rocks Legislature By WALDO WIESE DES MOINES is a frog not a frog What is the mating season of frogs Does a bill safeguarding Iowa frogs also protect a frog in throat Those questions and many more were brought lip in the Iowa house of representatives Friday and the frogs would have burst their buttons with pride had they heard Jhe4nterest thej lawmakers jok ingly took in their welfare It all ended in a big victory for the for Representative A H Avery R who was their socalled legal represen tative Avery started it by asking adop tion of a bill fixing the closed season on frogs Dec 1 to May 11 inclusive Present statutes provide two seasons of different dates and Averys bill would clarify the law so that the frogs would know vhen to duck and when to stick heir necks out and grin at sports men The house look up the case with bang and the chamber rocked with laughter for 15 minutes as even the state supreme court was brought into the debate Representative Henry Wich man RMalcom got the fun 1 under way by informing Avery he thought many lawmakers didnt know much about frogs and that there would be an ex planation of when a frog be comes a frog and when a tadpole becomes a frog Avery quickly enlightened the aody by saying that there ccrtain iy appeared to be considerable ig norance about the jumpy little creatures He said a tadpole had a tail and when it lost its tail it became a frog Someone later disputed that definition but it was lost in the laughter Representative Anthony Te Paske RSioux Center declared it seemed lo be a case of taxation without representation and wanted to know if the frogs had been con sulted Representative Henry W Worm ley RKingsley noted that the explanation of the bill used the word ambiguous in referring to the present mixup in season and suggested the record be corrected to make the word amphibian since frogs were water creatures Representative Fred J Ritchie RMarcus had the interest of the lady frogs at heart He sug gested there be clause protect ing the female frogs from sports men as is the case in most game laws Avery advised him there were 200 species of frogs and in some species the females had teeth in the lower jaw and in olhers the males had the teeth He suggested a committee to decide which group if any be exempted from slaughter Ritchie also urged provisions to protect them during the love making and spawning season whatever that Repre sentative W R Fimmen R Bloomfield asked if the frog bill also covered frogs in a persons Offered Tuna Fish for 5c a Can Calls Police NEW BRUNSWICK N J W h c n someone telephoned a housewife and offered lo sell her Tuna fish for five cents a can it sounded so unbelievable she called police Two black mar keteers 11 and 12 years old were quickly picked up They were selling goods from the pantry where they also received their re ward IS ASKED IN STATE 2 YEAR BUDGET Nothing Sought for New Buildings in Hickenlooper Report SEE TABLE ON PAGE 2 DES MOINES Bourke B Hickenlooper Friday sent the 30th Iowa general assembly a bud get totaling 517990000 a year for the biennium beginning July 1 A close check of the budget look disclosed the omission ot everal minor items totaling a I ew thousand dollars for which he legislature must provide These would bring the budget otal to slightly more than 518 00000 They were supposed to have ccn recommended the governor aid when the omissions were alled to his attention He did not iay whether he would make a iupplementary recommendation or imply leave it to the legislative committees to fill in the omis ions The budget contains nothing for new buildings All construc tion has been halted for the duration of the war and 500 remains unused from build ing appropriations voted by the 1941 legislature Proposed yearly expenditures of for the support of state institutions and departments of government for the next bien nium compare appropriations totaling a year for the current period The governor pointed out how ever that since there will be no appropriations for new buildings trie amount money allocated by the present assembly actually will be smaller than the 1941 figure Askings of the various depart ments and institutions for each year of the coming biennium to taled 519401608 The budget recommendations are based on information ob tained in hearings conducted in December by he outgoing gov ernor George A Wilson and the incoming governor Hicken looper The budget report sub mitted lo Ihc legislators Friday was compiled by Slate Comp troller c Fred Porter The budget contains 57081600 a year for state educational insti tutions including the University of Iowa hospitals The compari tive figure for the current bien nium was 56822800 A total of 54762000 a year is allocated to the 15 board of con trot institutions compared to ap propriations amounting to 500 a year by the 1341 session am askings totaling 34844900 by in stitution heads Amounts budgeted for sonic o Weather Report FORECAST MASON Friday aft ernoon and Friday night Low est temperatures Friday night Mason City 15 IOWA Liltle change in icmpera ture Friday night and Saturday forenoon Occasional light snow in tile extreme northeast portion late Friday night and Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Continued cold north and west portions Colder extreme cast portion Friday and Saturday forenoon Occa sional light snow west and north portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics throat the North African frogs and frogs that form in horses hoofs Avery suggested the supreme 21 3 17 Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday night At 8 a m Friday For the first time since Satur day the mark of zero or lower was omitted from the 24 hour of statistics YEAR AGO i maximum 43 Minimum 22 the larger state departments in clude Agriculture department health department S2150 660 department of public instruc tion S4G7700 public safely de partment commerci commission 5132000 conscrvaiiot commission 5210000 district cour judges S380000 executive conn cil printing board S2I9 875 interim committee contin gent S300000 state aid ti county fairs 8140000 tax com mission Another large item is 000 a year for he national same as appropriat ed wo years ago The Iowa national guard is in federal service now but the appropria tion is used to keep np the na tional guard armories which are used now by the Iowa state Kuard wartime successor to lie national guard The budget carries for Hie University of Iowa 52422 SOO for Iowa State college an SC950CO for the Teachers college Appropriation bills based on th budget report will be introduce in the assembly in a few days Grounded Sea Gull Recovers on Radiator CHICAGO to 11 Burnside police station took second lookat the bird sitting o a perch above a radiator to mak certain they werent seeing thing It was a large sea gull rccoverin from what appeared to be n ba case of weather exposure Foun grounded in a vacant lot th bird was taken to the station thaw out Claims Paving Block Probe Thorough WASHINGTON UR Samuel J Foley Bronx county district attorney testified Friday that when he conducted a grand jury inquiry into charges that New York City labor and paving blocks had been used on the country es tate of Edward J Flynn he had presented every piece of evi dence that coultl be unearthed Foley appeared before the senate foreign relations com mittee to answer charges that the grand jury investigation was a whitewash of Flynn former democratic national committee chairman whose nomination to be minister to Australia is being considered by the committee The grand jury returned no in ictment Flynn had testified that ty materials and workers were sed to pave a courtyard at his nke Mahopac N Y estate but lat this was done without his nowledge and that complete estitution was made Every piece of evidence that ould be unearthed was given to he grand jury and given com letely Foley testified The grand jury participated to n unusual degree in the investi ation and this may have led to impression that 1 did not ring out all the facts Senator Arthur II Vandeii bers R Mich said that the grand jury had found there was evidence that city materials and labor had been used to lay 8000 secondhand paving blocks criminal offense does hat constitute asked Vanden berg Foley replied that several civil itatutes covered that situation No one whs guilty of a crime asked Vandenberg Thats right said Foley Foley took the witness stand after the committee heard Assis ant Secretary of State Adolph A 3erle Jr testify that when he Became New York City chambcr ain treasurer in 1934 we had xvhat was the equivalent of a busted trust company because so nuch of the citys money was in vested through the Stnte Title nncl Mortgage company Flynn was chamberlain for i term that ended in 1928 Germans Reinforcing Army in Norway Against Invasion By LOUIS F KEEM1E United Press War Analyst German phobia of a soviet invasion of Europe is under lined by reports from Stockholm that the Germans are re inforcing their army in northern Norway against an invasion by the Russians through Finland I The Germans evidently are getting uneasy if not panicky as the Russian offensive pushes on from the Baltic tothe Caucasus II is extraordinary when a war front reporter is permitted FRANCE TO BE THEATER OF WAR French Warned Over BBC of Operations Plan LONDON spokesman of the interallied supreme com mand broadcasting in French over the BBC warned the popu lation of occupied France Friday that their territory would become theater of war operations The spokesman emphasized lhit the allies would not allow the crmans to precede unmolested i fortifying the French Mediter ranean coast and using the har bors of Marseille and Toulon as submarine bases He warned the French to stay away from buildings used by the German staff as headquarters and barracks for sheltering Ger man troops from railroad cen ters freight yards locomotive re pair shops and the vicinity of factories working for Germany On the day the allies need you lie said you will be in formed to make such statements as this over the Berlin radio Oh G o d Give us strength to stem this flood i vasi tidal wave is sweeping from cast to west Another s y m p t o m is P r o p a g a n da M i n i s t c r Goebbels state ment in KEEMIE Reich that Germany must con tinue to struggle or lose its liberty and life It was made in connec tion with a decisidn toend the shallow pretense of normal living conditions by closing the multi tude of shops that have displays in their windows but no goods for sale Presumably it is an attempt to impress on the people the stern necessity for a fight to the death A Russian invasion of Nor way does not seem logical when Russia is engaged on a 1250 mile front in eastern Europe and has the theoretical chance of invading the heart of Ger many itself However a march into Norway is not impracticable and should not be entirely ruled out For one thing a successful Rus iian invasion of northern Norway would be an invitation for the allies to attack from the other and open a second front which vould put the Germans in an awk Aard spot Finland has a border of approx DIES FROM BXiPNS DUBUQUE serv ices will be held Saturday Tor Shirley Frederick 2 daughter of Sir incl Mrs Lclioy Frederick The child died Thursday at a hos pital here from burns suKcrcd when she fell into a pail of scald ing water at her parents farm home WHERE CONTENTMENT LIES By Susanne Sheridan A fascinating novel about a brilliant young pianist who said he never would fall in love but did New Serial Published in the GlobeGazette TURN TO COMIC PAGE mately 500 miles with Norway all ar above the Arctic circle so ii vould not be necessary to in ringe on Swedens neutrality The Russians would have to cross only narrow strip of Finland in the Petsamo peninsula to get into Norway Sweden is evidently npprehcns ve Premier Per Albin Hansson told parliament last Monday if attacked Sweden would fight to the bitter end and organ izing its defense position His statement suggests a fear that if either Russia or the BritishAmer icanallies attarj manywill march through Sweden to repel the attack or that Ger many might move in on Sweden anyway to forestall one Swedish officials were careful to empha size however that their attitude was not prompted by any immin ent concrete threat At the same time reliable un official sources in Sweden de clared hat if Norway again be comes a war zone the flow of German troops across Sweden on the pretext of uoing on leave or returning would c stopped It is possibly a coincidence that Premier llnnssons statement vris made on the same day that the PARTS OF CITY AFIRE TUNISIA FIGHTINGHEAVY British Field Guns in Dominant Position Over Axis at Tripoli BULLETINS LONDON British army was reported Friday to be battling through the suburbs of bombfired Tripoli against crumbling opposition while oth er British spearheads be lieved to be bypassing the capi tal in a thrust to cut off the road lo Tunisia A Mnocci broadcast rcport Inir the eighth armys entry into outlyingsections of lie Libyan capital said the axis left only rear guard troops to slow the pursuit of Marshal Kommels forces which allied airmen at tacked as far as 25 miles inside Tunisia ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NOHT1I AFRICA German tank column driving eastern side of a moun tain chain snuthwcslward from 1onl du Falls threatens the town of Ousseitia but its mate in a valley to the west has been fouRht to a standstill during a savage counterattack by allied airiel squadrons and ground troops spokesmen said Friday IIy ROGER GKEENE Associated Press War Editor British shock troops were re ported to have swept through the main defense works oC Tripoli in the climactic battle of Libya Fri day Columns of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys British Sth TWMJvwere reported broadcast lo be storming at the gates of Tripoli with their big guns in position to pour de struction inlo the already bomb blackened city Parts of 1lic axis citadel were reported aflame and much of the civilian population was being evacuated The British command asserted that some of the fleeing axis forces had withdrawn as far as 25 miles inside Tunisia from Libya Heavy fighting also was in pro gress in central Tunisia suggest ing that a showdown battle developing for the last axis foot tion on whether Finland might not soon be forced out o the war As things stand if Russia did decide to go into Norway it ap pears feasible enough House Committee Approves Increase for Farm Parity Farm Bloc Launches Drive Which Roosevelt Defeated Last Year WASHINGTON A bill calling for upward revision of farm parity price levels to include the cost of farm labor was approved unanimously Friday by the hovise agriculture committee opening in the new congress a farm blcc drive that the administration suc cessfully opposed last year The parity formula change which some in the administra tion have estimated would add 10 to 12 per cent to the price computations was defeated last September during the writing nf antiinflation legislation after President Roosevelt had ex pressed unalterable opposition Representative Pace D author of the bill told newspaper men this bill will not create any considerable increase in the cost of living this year certainly less than SI 000000000 and in 1 944 will increase the cost of living less than 4 per cent Committee Chairman Fulmer D S Car said he would try to have the legislation brought be fore the house at an early date and predicted H soon would be placed on the presidents desk Many of the principal agricul tural commodities now are selling under present ceilings at more than what the recalculated parity would be Pace said These com modities include cattle hogs chickens turkeys wool and other products1 Parity is a price computed on a formula intended lo return to farmers a purchasing power of sonic past favorable period for agriculture usually 1CU911 The Pace bill would provide for inqiusion in the parity com putation the cost of the labor on the farm by the operators hired help and members of flic farm family Farm bloc supporters of the parity provision contend the labor costs inclusion is essential to en able farmers to retain farm labor now migrating to higherpaying jobs in war plant areas Henderson recently re tired price administrator opposed the revision in the last congress contending it would raise the over all cost ot living and disturb the governments efforts to prevent in flation WIPE OUT JAP ARMY POCKET Allies Hampered by 10 Inch Rain in One Day ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA One of the four pockets of resistance still held by the Japanese in the San ananda sector of New Guinea has been liquidated the allied high command reported Friday One hundred and fifty Japs were slain in this operation The pocket was ihc one about TOO yards in from the beach near Sanananda road The fighting was seriously hampered by 10 inches of rain falling in a single day but the troops slogged on for the kill fallen Italian headquarters said vio lent fijfhliiifr a s erupting around the city A Morocco radio broadcast said the British eifflitll army had already entered Tripolis sub urbs London quarters sak the fall of Tripoli was expected hourly Thursday our troops continued their thrust westward and by eve ning were ensuring the enemy of Hems and south of Tripo li ii British coinnuinifiuc said tersely Hoim 5C liiilcs east of Tripoli fell ID Ihe British Wednesday Frontline dispatches Thursday said Gen Montgomerys van guards were within 35 miles of the axis citadel British headquarters said allied warplanes ranged as far west as Ben Gardanc 25 miles inside Tu nisia to attack Field Marshal Eiwin Rommels tattered forces JS The British communique inti mated that Gen Rommel may have been attcmptins to with draw some of his troops and equipment from Tripoli by sea reporting that allied flyers wcrr constantly battering the citys harbor During the past 48 hours it was announced allied planes sank an other axis merchant ship and blasted a tanker off the eastern toast of Tunisia attacked several small enemy vessels between Sic ily and Tunisia and bombed air dromes in Sicily and Pantcllaria In addition three enemy fight ers md three German air trans ports were shot clown Frontline dispatches said a de cisive battle in the greit two way allied squeeze on axis forces in North Africa appeared near W h i 1 e General Montgomerys British Sth army swooped down upou Tripoli on the east flank strong reinforcements of the Brit ish 1st army were reported speeding to support the hard pressed French on the west flank in Tunisia AMIS Tunisian forces under the command of ColGen Jiirgen Von Avnim have been fiercely at tacking the French for scverai
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