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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 7, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 7 1943 THIS PAPEJi CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 77 F R WILL RIP AXIS IN 43 Reds 75 Miles From Rostov GAIN 50 MILES ON LOWER DON IN ONLY 2 DAYS Germans No Longer Offering Organized Resistance in Caucasus By ROGER D GREEXE Associated Press War Editor Soviet quarters reported Thurs day that Russian troops had ad vanced within 75 miles of the great German base at Rostov pivot lor all nazi operations in the Caucusus and ripped through German lines on i 20mile front along both sides ot the lower Don river Frontline reports said Rus sian troops sweeping westward alongthe Don had pushed for ward 50 miles since capturing the Don bridgehead of Tsimly ansk two days ago Soviet dispatches said the tri umphant red armies of the south had captured at least 21 more ci ties and lawns and listed 339150 axis soldiers killed or taken pris oner since the start of the Rus sian winter offensive Nov 19 Adolf Hitlers high command still giving the German people no hint of the disastrous turn of everitsassertea flatly infantry and tanks repulsed air soviet attacks in continued fight ing in the Don and Kalmyck sec tors The headlong nazi retreat ap peared rapidly assuming the as pects of a debacle London quarters said the speed of the soviet comeback drive through the Caucasus in dicated that the Germans were no longer offering organized resistance and were intent only on setting up a defense line nearer Rostov in an attempt o prevent the Russians from trapping all their forces to the east A soviet war bulletin said the Red armies hotly pursuing the retreating nazis had advanced 25 miles northwest of newlyrccap tured Prokhladnenski to the rail way station at ApolonsRaya al most hallway to Mineralnye Vody the hub of a network of central Caucasus railways Paralleling this drive another Russian column raced northwest from Nalchik advancing 15 miles to a cluster of towns As the Russian offensive surged on without pause over running hours great stretches of territory which the Germans took weeks to capture last fall it to appear that Hitler had ordered a general with drawal or that the nazi Cauca sus front was collapsing on a wide scale The 25 mile advance to Apolon skaya indicated a 55 mile gain for the Russians since the fall of Nal chik Monday night A broadcast of Russian com muniques picked up by the Sov iet Monitor in London said the red armies had captured 13 more towns and two railway stations in the Caucasus and eight more towns in the drive across the middle Don steppes toward Ros tov One of these towns in the Don valley Marinsk lies 92 miles northeast of Hostov and 25 miles west of Tsimlyansk which the Russians captured Tuesday Along with the apparent crumbling of razi resistance in the Caucasus and lower Don soviet headquarters reported sharpening attacks in the new Russian offensive west of Stalingrad where the remnants of 22 nazi divisions were de scribed as hopelessly trapped In this sector 400 Germans were reported killed in a battle for a hill but the Russians admitted that the beleaguered nazis were fight ing with desperate fury The enemy is putting up stub born resistance the soviet com mand reported Meanwhile the German propa ganda machine began to break the bad news to the German people with the elite guard organ Schwarjc Korps admitting that belief in a fast cheap victory New Republicans in Congress Photographed for the first time as a group the 60odd new republicans elected to congress are seen on the capitol steps just prior to the opening of the 78th session G O V Leader Joseph Martin served notice that his new colleagues have formally approved his program to save the American way of life warnft ing the nation it should realize the danger threatening The terrible price paid by the nazi invaders was illustrated in soviet dispatches reporting some 1300 Germans killed in individ ual actions during the last 34 hours CONGRESSMEN BACK FR TALK Some Declare Address Not Specific Enough WASHINGTON men generally indorsed what President Roosevelt said in his an nual message Thursday but some complained that he was not suf ficiently specific especially in connection with his statements on social security Speaker Sam Rayburn D Tex said the speech was a splendid report to congress and to the na tion on the stste of the union House Democratic Lender Mc Cormack of Massachusetts A great message from one of the outstanding men in the worlds message of confidence for victory and a message of hope for the future Without regard to race creed or color every Ameri can can thank God that in this crisis we have President Roose velt for our leader House Republican Leader Jo seph W Martin Jr of Massa chusetts It is very encouraging to realize that we have passed from the defensive to the offensive and that we can now look to the future with bright hopes Senator Robert A Taft R Ohio said the speech was not specific and presented no new ideas However he added There is nothing in it that I can disagree with It was concilia tory and that ought to add to unity and create no dissension As for the matter of unemployment and so cial security we al are for ihosc principles Its on the matter of the method on which we disagree GIRAUD ASKS PARLEY DELAY Agrees in Principle to Meeting De Gaulle LONDON Gen Henri Honore Giraud French commis sioner in North Africa has agreed in principle to meet Gen Charles De Gaulle on French soil but proposed for various reasons that the conference be delayed until the end of January it was announced authoritatively Thurs day Buzz7Wagner Body in Ruins of Pursuit Plane Ace of Philippines Apparently Ran Into Storm in Florida EGLIN FIELD Fla A farmer looking for his cows in an isolated Florida pasture ended the fiveweek search for Lieut Col Boyd D Buzz Wagner de stroyer of an untold number of Japanese warplanes and one of Americas first aces of World war The crushed body of the flyer missing since Nov 29 was found Wednesday in the wreckage of his P40 pursuit plane 25 miles east of here The craft was demolished and partly buried indicating that it plunged into the ground out of control probably from a steep spin said a statement au thorized by Briff Gen Grandi son Gardner Eglin comman dant The 26 year old est lieutenant colonel in the army off from Eglin field at 8 p m Nov 2i for a routine to Maxwell Field Ala and Nash ville Tcnn Brig Gen Gardner said he apparently ran into bad weather north of here The plane fell in a sparsely settled cattle range section It was not visible from the Freeport road 150 yards away and lay un BUZZ WAGNER found until the unidentified farmer came upon it Until the very last Mr and Mrs Boyd M Wagner of Johns town Pa had held out hope that their son would be found alive Colonel Wasner holder of the Distinguished Service Cross for extraordinary heroism dealt more in action than words He would never discuss his personal achievements but comrades said he destroyed be tween 15 and 50 Japanese Planes in the early weeks of the war The accounts of his fcafs arc almost legend There was Ihe time when Buz and a squad ron dove on a Japanese landing party at Vigan His companions were all shot down but Buzz made five separate attacks re turning each time for more am munition and fuel On another occasion it was re lated three zeroes chased him around a volcano His fighter plane was faster on level flight but slower as a climber so he kept going around the volcano until he was chasing the Japs IS NEW COMMANDER DES WOINES E E Gialdini of Fort Bragg Cal be STazis Retake Hill Positions n Tunisia By Ttie Associated Press Reuters the British news agen y reported from allied licaci ttuarters in North Africa Thurs day that the Germans had re raptured hill positions on both ides of an important crossroads vest of Mateur 20 miles below he big axisheld naval base it Bizcrtc The heights 15 miles west of Mateur had been captured Tues day in a dawn assault by a British nfantry brigade and commando roops One report said U S dangers also engaged in the al ack German counterattacks Wed nesday morning took the topmost icights away from the allied de fenders said a CBS correspond ent Fighting went on all day but by last night the position was de cided to be untenable and tlie ommandos and rangers went jack to the positions from which they had started The German high command evidently referring to lie same action said counterattacking axis orces hud thrown the allies back beyond their former positions W A nazi broadcast beard in Lon don asserted that 30 American oaracbute troops were dropped behind the German lines in North Africa last Sunday night with orders to blow up a The broadcast said 20 of the scy troops were killed and tile rest capiured British headquarters reported continuing lull in the pursuit ot Nazi Field Marshal Erwin Rom mels Africa corps in Libya Italian headquarters noted in creased patrol activity HITLER SHAKES UP COMMAND IN TUNISIAN FRONT Von Arnim Takes Place of Nehring Dispatches From Berlin Report By EDWIN S1IANKE STOCKHOLM Sweden Another change in German mili tary leadership was reported Thursday by disputelies from Berlin which said that General Walther Nehring had been super seded by Col Gen Von Arnim as commander in chief of the axis forces in Tunisia The Berlin correspondent ot the Stockholm newspaper Sveii ska Tasbladet who reported the chaiije described Von Ar nim as one of Hitlers favorite nauzcr commanders but of fered no comment on the signi ficance of the appointment Nazi Radio Declares Sub Traveled 90 Miles Up Mississippi River LONDON The German radio in a broadcast beamed to the United States but heard here reported Thursday that a German submarine had traveled 90 miles up the Mississippi river to with ing a few miles of New Orleans in the hope of destroying a bridge The raider was dectcd however and forced to return to the Gulf of Mexico the broadcast declared There was no confirmation of the German report from any other source The dale of the alleged exploit was not given Another Swedish newspaper the Dagens Nyheter said tlic weekly German newsrcel hud shown the bey of Tunis receiving Von Arnim and indicated he wa now in command British military sources iden tified the general as Juergen Von Arnim 52 year old Silesiaii but said there was no confirmation that he had succeeded Neliring Nehring stiil in high favor with Hitler and de pended upon with Marshal Rom mel to conduct the North Africai campaign Von Arnim was re ported severely wounded while commanding an armored divisioi during the invasion of Russia London sources said he was no considered a nazi party man There had been no intimatici from Germany that whoso forces have been giving the allies bitter opposition in Tu fallen into clisfavoi with Hitler The extent io which German reserves of manpower arc being strained was indicated mean while by a Dasfens Xyhcler dispatch from Berlin sayins that all available members of Hitlers brownshirlcd nazi parly followers were bcinp called up for two months of winter war exercises beginning in February Elite guard officers fresh from the Russian front will give in struction in marching shootin and hand was said Predicts Substantial Hdvance on Roads to Berlin Rome Tokio WASHINGTON Roosevelt told a vie orypledged congress Thursday the cause of united nations was moving forward at last in Europe Asia and Africa jacked by a miracle of production in the United States and said 194i carried the promise of a very substantial advance along the roads that lead to Berlin and Rome and fokio if Delivering his annual message to the legislators in per son in the house chamber he called on them to put aside bickering over economic measures and to strive to ton tribute to national unity w The presidents address on the state ot the nation was divided into three major sections A review of the progress of tiie war a report oa Amer icas mighty arms production and a general outline of his hopes for the peace to follow the conflict and for guaranteeing freedom from want and fear By far the largest and most important developments in the whole strategic picture of 1942 Mr Roosevelt asserted were the events on the long front in Rus sia First the implacable defense of Stalingrad and second the offensives by the Russian armies at various points which started in the latter part of November and which still roll on with great force and effectiveness I do not prophesy when lliis war will end the commandcim chief said but elsewhere in a thunderouslyapplauded speech he declared The axis powers knew that they must win the war in or eventually lose everything I tell you it is within the realm of possibility that this seventyciehlh congress may have the historic privilege of helpinjr ereatly lo save the world from future fear grenade throwing i Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Thursday afternoon and Thursday night Lowest temperature Thursday night 10 below Not much change in temperature Friday forenoon IOWA Colder in south and cast portions not quite so cold in northwest portion Thursday night and Friday forenoon oc casional light snow in south east portion Thursday night MINNESOTA Colder extreme east portion slowly rising tem pcatures central and west por tions Thursday night and Fri day forenoon Occasional light snow northwest and extreme west central portions IN MASON CITY weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 18 Minimum Wednesday night 12 Al 3 a m Thursday 12 Snow trace YEAR AGO Maximum 5 Minimum 27 SENTENCED FOR ACCIDENT KEOKUK Hedrick 38 was sentenced lo one year in the Lee county jail Wednesday on charges of leaving the scene of an accident and driving while in toxicated in connection with an Tojo Bows to Boss came commanding officer of the Itoxicaled m connection with an increased girth of Hit DCS Moines ordnance plant sue1 accidcnt which Mrs Harry ly as his axis pals ceedins Col A M Wolff who has i Grams was injured as she crossed Heaven hasnt put hi been transferred to Milwaukee a downtown strccl last Saturday Premier Eiki Tojo right kowtows before Emperor Hirohito standing on a platform in this Tokio picture which has just arrived in the United States Though Hiro hito is just a figurehead Tojo makes a pretense of humbling himself before public Judging bv the increased girth of Hirohitos midriff hes getting asport Is Hitler and the Son of himself on wartime rations The offi cer al the left is unnamed Central Press Phonephoto PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT HALSEY JAPS WILL RETREAT Says Handwriting Is on Wall for Nipponese AUCKLAND N Z Ad miral William F Halscy Jr who has predicted a complete allied victory this year believes that if the allies had n little more weight in the Pacific it wouldnt lake the whole year to smash the Japanese The handwriting is on Ihe wall Halsey commanding United States naval forces in the south Pacific said at a press conference If we had more weight wed get the Japs sooner The Jips will be attacked in all directions and will wish they had died when they were babies Theyre not supermen theyre simply liltlu monkeys 1 say monkeys because Id like to say Something worse He was asked what be expected the next Japanese move to be Japans next move will be to retreat and keep on retreating he replied A start has been made The allies are in a defin itely better position today than they were a year ago He was then asked about the lull in the Pacific There is no lull he said The war is going on daily Jap naval tactics arc like everything Jappy tricky but not hard to fathom You dont need to worry about Jap tactics Any normal navy man can lick Speaking from the platform ot the house chamber of the guarded capitol Mr Roosevelt summed up progress so far toward victory called the united nations the mightiest military coalition in his tory and said that still vmited they must stamp out any attempt after the peace lo rearm in Ger many Italy Japan or in any olhcination which seeks to vio late Ihe tenth thou shall not Loud cheers and yells punctu ated his aggressive passages The capitol was the scene of unusual precautions taken to safeguard the chief executive Hours before his arrival time police secret service men and regular army personnel Hirejv a cordon around the hill Steclhelmelcd soldiers bayo nets affixed to Garand rifles stood at attention all around the capitol and in its plaza Special capitol police their numbers augmented by metropol itan police were on guard at all entrances and were stationed throughout the capitol No one F R Rebroadcast Scheduled by KGLO 1residenl Roosevelts address on the stale of the union will be rcbroadcast by KGLO at 8 oclock Thursday nisht by elec trical transcription was permitted to enter the build ing without a special pass or identification Admission to the Richmond Selectee Hopes for Sergeant With Sense of Humor was by special house galleries card only Mr Roosevelt told the lawmak ers that the period of our defen sive attrition in the Pacific was passing adding Vow our aim is o force the Japanese Io fight Last year we stopped them This year we intend to advance In the African theater lie pre dicted the last vestige of axis powers would be driven from the soutli shores of the Mediterranean I do not prophesy when this war will end the chief execu tive said But 1 do believe that this year of 1343 will give to the united nations a very substantial advance along the roads that lead to Berlin and Rome and Tokio I tell you it is within the realm ot possibility that this 78th con gress may have the historic priv ilege of helping greatly to save the world from future fear RICHMOND Rich mond selectee is expecting name trouble when he begins his armv training next Monday and lie hopes he gets a sergeant with a sense of humor Whats your name the sarsc will ask Hyman Hyman Hyman Hy man Hyman Hyman wili respond I past experience proves anv indication thats when the trouble will start Hyman etc wont be kidding though Thats his lionestto Therefore Irt Buy IVar Savings Bonds and TUc president opened his ad GlobrGamtc I dress will his summary of war operations and in it said that carrier boy
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