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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 6, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AfO A3CHIVF MO IKE 3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATE PBESS UNWED MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 61943 HOME EDITION umjj j ja41 vj JAJV x u JJ1O xArrai UfJFtSlbTH OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION OXE NO 76 RAYBURN BEAT THEN DISARM AXIS U Bombard Jap Airfield in Munda 4k w H BOLDLY STEAM INTO HEART OF SOLOMON ZONE Jap Bombers Try to Intercept Americans But Are Shot Down By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American warships boldly steaming into the heart of the Japanese defense zone in the Solomons have successfully bom barded the airfield at Munda New Georgia island 180 miles north vest of Guadalcanal where the enemy lias been developing an im portant base The foray announced in a navy department bulletin was the deepest northwest thrust by V S surface ships so far re ported in the immediate waters of the Solomon archipelago X The communique raid Japanese Bombers tried to intercept the xvarships but were driven off by four Grumman wildcat navy fighter planes which shot four into the Pacific and probably dcstroved two others It said the action oc curred in the predawn darkness of Tuesday The sea attack was part of a twofisted assault by allied forces on Japanese buses menacing the American hold on Guadalcanal Heavy bombers were credited of ficially Wednesday with sinking or damaging 10 enemy ships in Rabaul harbor New Britain In the background ofthese at Australian warning that Japan was massing a new war fleet in the southwest Pacific The navy communique said that B26 marauder medium bomb ers folloxved the warships in an other attack on enemy installations at Munda and that flying fort resses heavy B17 bombers at tacked an enemy cruiser at Buin Germans Fortify Mediterranean Coast defensive equipment on the Mecli Pleasure Driving Outlawed if TI L n i UnilffLllf IlLUllU on Eastern Seaboard by OPA cMcuim nice s obltN I lo 11 ulto Violators Will Lose Gas Rations Fuel Rations to Be Cut WASHINGTON office of price administration Wednes day outlawed all pleasure driving by holders of A B and C xcu on enemy cruiser at Bum By holders of A B me C Bougainville island but that gasoline ration cards on the At realms nf nfMflint the results of neither attack were observed It was the sixth raici in 10 days on the big Japanese base at Ra baul which lies 600 miles north west of Americandefended Guad alcanal island in the Solomons and 800 miles northeast of Cape York Australia United nations headquarters said 50000 tons of shipping suf fered under the newest blows of Gen Dougrlas MacArthurs far ranginp bombers with eight vessels left in flames or sinking a ninth struck by a direct hit with a 1000 pound bomb and a tenth probably destroyed Only one allied bomber was lost while six Japanese planes were shot down out of a flight of two dozen that tried to intercept the attack it was announced Other allied bombers virtually spreadeaEled Ihe vast arc of Jap aneseheld islands north of Aus tralia attacking the New Guinea bases of Lae Salamsua and Ma dang Gasmata airdrome in New Britain and Timor island A united nations communique also reported aerial attacks on the last stand Japanese garri son at Sanananda Point north of Buna as tankled American and Australian troops closed in on the enemy the Papuan beach in New Guinea The widespread allied attacks followed a statement Tuesday by a nigh Australian government of ficial who declined to be identi fied warning that the Japanese were gathering the biggest armada ot warships transports and sup ply ships yet sent into the south seas battle theater Other far Pacific dcvcloomcnts S headquarters reported that a large formation of American heavy bombers attacked the railroad yards at Mandalay ruinedtemple city of Burma and set fires visible for 70 miles Hitting the mikados forces with rising strength other allied war planes bombed or machine gunned more than 60 river and coastal ships used to transport Japanese troops and supplies in Burma at tacked rail installations at Naba junction and pounded the Japa nese airdrome at Monywa 50 miles west of Mandalay RAF assaults also fell on Japa nese positions west of Rathedaung 2y miles from the Japanese base at Akyab on the Bay of Bengal where Gen Sir Archibald P Wav plrs British imperials are driving back along the coast from India Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy lantic seaboard and prescribed the cancelation of gasoline ra tions as the penalty for failure to comply The order is effective as of noon Thursday The aid of all stale county and municipal law enforcement agencies in the 17 eastern states and District of Columbia is be ing asked to help the federal government in preventing pleas ure drivins by reporting vio lations to local ration boards or local OPA offices The presence of passenger cars at any gathering for purposes of sport or amusement will be taken as prima facie evidence that gaso line rations and tires are bein dissipated needlessly and illegal ly OPA said The ban on pleas ure driving will also apply to driving to purely social engage ments Simultaneously OPA declared fuel oil heating rations of all buildings except those used for residential purposes in the cast would be cut substantially with in the next 24 hours No details were given The drastic prohibition on pleasure motoring was rein forced by an OPA warninr that even mare serious measures are being prepared to be ready for immediate use if the cur rent situation eels worse The action was taken at the instance of the petroleum admin istrator for war OPA said in a joint effort to plug every leak in the dangerously scant supplies of petroleum products on the eastern seaboard Auctions Off Eggs in Los Angeles Gives War Bonds to High Bidders LOS ANGELES arc scarce valuable Frank Lorenzi exaltetl ruler of the Los Angeles Elks lodge sold worth of war bonds last month at club meetings by auc tioning off eggs and giving a war bond to high bidders He will use butter next Where he gets the butter and eggs is Lorenzis secret Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder late Wed nesday afternoon much colder Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon 1 o w temperature Thursday morning about five below occasional light snow Wednesday afternoon increas ing wind IOWA Colder Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon light rain or snow changing to snow flurries in southeast Wednesday evening portion MINNESOTA Colder south and east portion and not quite so cold northwest portion Wednes day night and Thursday fore noon occasional light snow ex treme northwest and extreme west central late Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 22 Minimum Tuesday night 0 At 8 a m Wednesday 15 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum CARVER NEGRO Son of Slaves Left Many Discoveries TUSKEGEE ATa Dr George Washington Carver a son of Negro slaves died at his home at Tuskegee Institute Tuesday night leaving his mark on the souths agricultural economy Despite his humble beginning he became one of the nations greatest scientists in the field of agricultural chemistry discover ing countless uses for native grown products and developing them for commercial utilization Dr Carver never knew the date of his birth on a farm at Diamond Grove Mo but he believed it to be about 18G4 His father died when Carver was a baby Carver and his mother were stolen and taken to Ark ansas The boy was ransomed lor a race horse valued at His mother disappeared Carvers master recognized the boys in telligence and permitted him to enter school After a long struggle he won a master of science de gree in agriculture at Iowa Stale A M college in Two years later Doctor Booker T Washington founder of Tuskc gce Institute invited Carver to direct agricultural work at that school There was little equip men for Carver to use and only 19 acres of some of the poorest farm land in Alabama He accepted the challenge and set out lo utilize socalled waste products of southern farms From the lowly pcanul Carver developed more than 300 useful products alone includ ing paper ink and even oil lo be used in the treatment of infan tile paralysis The sweet polalo another of scores of plants with which he worked yielded well over 100 by products Reds Are in Full Retreat From Caucasus Area By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russiasarmies quickened the floodtide of German disaster in the Caucasus and middle Don Wednesday engulfing at least vital new cities and towns and there were indications that a final drive had begun to anni hilate the remnants of 22 navj divisions trapped before Stalin grad Soviet dispatches said the German army was in full re treat in the Caucasus blowing up bridffes and mining roads in a desperate attempt to delay the onrushlng Soviets Reuters British news agency estimated that more than half a million of Hitlers finest troops were in headlong withdrawal be fore the twin Russian offensives m theCaucasus and middle Don Hitlers high command ac knowledged that the red armies were pressing the initiative de claring tersely Heavy defensive fighting con tinued with unabated fury in the Don area Dispatches lo Red Star the Russian army newspaper re ported that the entire Caucasus province of Osetia be tween Ordzhonikidze and Nal chik had been won back under the red banner by soviet troops flrivmgalonff the ivesrbank of the Terek river The Russian drive northward from recaptured Nalchik was de scribed as sweeping ahead on a wide front overrunning a larse number of towns For the first time Russian headquarters reported a battle in the sector west pt a n e w designation and an nounced In fighting for a height our troops occupied several dozen more enemy trenches The enemy left more than 200 dead on the battlefield and prisoners and war material were captured It is in the DonVolga corridor immediately west of Stalingrad that survivors of the German siege army have been locked in a steel ring for several weeks cut off by the sweep of ColGen Nikolai F Vntutins forces across the middle Don steppes toward Rostov A series of bulletins from red army headquarters declared the Germans had lost more than 11000 troops from Dec 24 to Jan 4 in the north Caucasus and listed the capture of Nal chik Prokhladncnski Kotlyar evskaya and Jfaiskoyc in the central Caucasus along with Tsimlyansk and Morozovskaya in the middle Don region Soviet dispatches said the cap ture of Nalchik and Prokhlad nenski at once eliminated the sharpest dangers to the Grozny oil fields and perhaps started the Germans on a withdrawal toward Rostov 310 miles to the north west The Russian command said red army shock troops swept into walchik in a night attack aftcr bitter fighting BIG AXIS SHIP IS SENT DOWN BY BRITISH SUB Underwater Craft Bombards Viaduct Near Palinuro Italy LONDON admiralty announced Wednesday night that a large enemy troop transport and a supply ship had been destroyed and tliit two other ships had been hit and probably sunk by British submarines in the Mediterranean The big troop transport was en countered off Sicily while bound a heavy escort but she was hit by three torpedoes and sunk the communique said The communique said a sub marine also had scored a large number of hits in a bombardment of a brick railroad viaduct near Palmuro llaiy 80 miles southeast of Naples and had inflicted con siderable damage Another it said shelled harbor installations in the SAM RAYBURN Congress Sidelights WASHINGTON on the opening session of the 78th congress Wednesday Only a scattering of uniformed men watched he proceedings from the house and senate galleries Despite political enmity which included a recent complaint by Senator Murray DMont that ho won reelection over the op position of the Wheeler political machine Senator Wheeler CD Mont escorted Murray to the rostrum enemy occupied Greek Kyme Kyme is in the Aegean the cast coast of Greece Two new republican house members Representatives Beall Maryland and Barrett of Wyo ming voted for Sam Rayburn DTex for speaker They quick ly were corrected by their col leagues and changed their votes to minouon as speaker cast them For Republican Joe IS REELECTED HOUSE SPEAKER BY 217 TO 206 Congress Will Hear F R Speak Thursday on State of Union WASHINGTON JP Speaker Rayburn told a cheering houss Wednesday that when victory al war is won this time there must be no stopping until the vandalism and paganism of Berlin Rome and Tokio are wiped from he face of the world We must disarm these vandals and keep thorn disarmed Ray burn said He had shortly before been reelected house speaker by a slim margin as the 78th congress convened He told tin house lliat this na tion would be confronted with worldshakins problems at the KGLO to Broadcast F R Talk Thursday Ircsidcnt Roosevelts annual message lo congress on the state of the union will be broad cast Thursday over Station KGLO wars end and that the problems of trade and commerce peace and civilization must be looked lo Simultaneously he pledged that it would be his unswerving deter Printers Get 100 Billion Dollar Book WASHINGTON most expensively worded book in his United States budget which will call for cash spending of more than 5100000000000 in the next fiscal to press Wednesday Because it is also one of the biggest and most complicated books published each year it will not be ready for piHilic reading until Monday when clerks will read the introduction of both houses of congress Containing about 1000 pages ot fine type the annual financial blueprint of the federal govern ment will be primarily a bill ten dered by the gods of war as part of the price of victory The document will contain a few millions for routine things like forest conservation or beetle con trol but the direct war costs for the army navy maritime commis sion lendlcase and similar activi ties alone are about S100000 000000 Thats about more thnn is being spent in the current fiscal year which will end June 30 1943 Its about four times as much as was spent by this coun try in the first World war Its more than England and Germany The Germans had girdled the and all the other belligerents arc town with powerful fortifications spending per year put together and mined all the a soviet communique said At thai officials I Our troops supported by ar lillcry and tanks overcame all obstacles In HID night they penetrated into the town and Martin of Massachusetts Three senators Guffey DPa Taft ROhio and Holman were resplendent in port of frock coats Senator Reynolds DiV Car wore a red necktie and brown suit as he strode around the senate chamber and j Senator Hawkes RiV had a red rose in his lapel Senator Cnrraway DArk only woman senator wore a plain black dress She inquired of at taches as to correct form when she escorted her colleague Sena tor McClcllan DArk to the rostrum for the oath of office and was told to walk on his left Three house members were in wheel chairs They were Repre sentatives Mansfield DTcx Miller RConii and Grosser D Ohio The two Wisconsin Progressives in the house each got a vote for speaker Representative Sautholf voted for Representative Hull and Representative Hull voted for Reprcsentative Sauthoff The other two minor party rep resentatives both voted for Rav burn They are Representative Haficn FarmcrLaboritc from Minnesota a n d Representative Marcantonic New York American Labor party member The representatives got a big laugh when the clerk announced he had recorded the democratic leader Representative McCor mack of Massachusetts as voting present on the spcakcrship roll call McCormack loudly demanded a correction that he had voted for Rayburn Al thai officials said the only reason the figure wasnt bigger is that it represents he largest sum which the experts believe can he spent in a year consid ering the prospective output of American war factories eastern seaboard I M wmcn nc worked yielded well in a Mcni m a year cousid Minimum over loa byproducts i attack captured crms the prospective output of war factories Jfekkfe JPreads Through Bowling Alley 6 Dead burned to death nnH vrnrnz cf e tnat ic nination men and Kmrfnrf nft oiv SUI1S burned to death and scores suf fered shock and minor injuries early Wednesday in a panic stricken attempt to escape through congested doors and exits from a fire that destroyed a crowded recreation parlor in the fashion able Beverly Hills district The bodies of five men were found at a m in the ruins of a washroom where firemen believed they had rushed in a mistaken attempt to find pro tection from the blaze Firemen continued to search the ashes of the destroyed building for more bodies Firemen answering the 5n and a special alarm battled the flames for five hours before it was safe enough lo enter the maincd of the popular recreation The fire broke out shortly be fore midnight while between 200 to 300 men and women crowded the bowling alleys restaurant and cocktail lounge housed in the one story modernstyle brick build ing Witnesses said the fire start ed at the back of the bowling alleys and made itself evident by that a thin trickle of smoke spread across the allevs The crowd watched the smoke with curiosity until the heat struck the shellac on he highly polished wooden alleys causins an explosion Panic similar fo that displayed in the disastrous Cocoanut Grove fire in Boston followed Many per sons rushed lo the large com bination men and womens lounse at Ihc front of the building where a clerk called the fire department The first firemen to arrive were told about those trapped in the lounge The firemen broke through the windows and glass doors and rescued those trapped Scores ot other persons jammed the doors at the front of the building and many were over come by smoke Some suffered as a result of the At the front of the building where the cocktail lounge is lo cated on one side of the entrance and a restaurant on the other several men were calm enough to pick up chairs and smash the plate glass windows thus pro viding additional exits and re minor burns explosion lieving the congestion at the doors Several persons were cut by shattered glass as they leaped through the windows The injured were taken to the Little Company of Mary hospital where Sister Mary Leo the mother superior estimated slight ly more than 100 persons were treated for minor injuries and hysteria John Terince 47 Negro pin captain was one of the first to discover the fire He was setting pins in No 15 alley when he noticed smoke coming from the pin room behind Nos 19 and 20 alleys He walked over to the pin room door When I opened it he said a sheet of flame slapped me in the face I came back and walked outside with the other 18 pin boys There was no panic then The crowd stood around asking where the smoke was coming from I came back and watched them for a while Then there was an a whoosh and women began screaming The crowd rushed toward the front doors Terince said it might have been fresh shellac on two of the alleys that caused the explosion and the rapid spread of the flames More shellac stored in the rooms back of the alleys exploded later he said There was plenly of lime for everyone to leave the place if theyd only gone when they first noticed the smoke Terince said It was just Ihc flash explosion that caused them to lose their heads for a while in house membership entitled the republicans lo a far greater say in committees War Savings Bonds from your GlobeGazetlc i carrier boy Controversy on Committeeships May Be 1st Test W A S H I N G T O N hot controversy over the ratio of re publican and democratic represen tation on strategically important congressional committees may furnish Wednesday the first test of strength between the two par tinsin Ihe 78th congress Insistent on the rights which he says arc due the republican party ns a result of its resurgence in the November elections House Minority Leader Martin K Mass indicated lie would carry the fight to the floor Speaker Rayburn and Majority Leader McCormack DMass apparently won the first round of the parliamentary maneuvering al a democratic caucus Tuesday when they obtained the right to represent the majority in nego tiating the question of committee ratios with Martin Martin according to authorita tive reports had banked heavily on winning some support from democratic ranks to bolster his uul claim that the neareven division inC 1C congress over anti to protect to defend the rights the prero gative and the powers of the house Raybuui defeated Representa tive Joseph Martin RT whoas a result of the outcome automatically became the minority leader Representative McCormack another Bay state lawmaker was renamed democratic floor leader at a party caucus Tuesday The vote for speaker was liayburji 217 Martin 206 on strict parly lines Galleries were jammed lo ca pacity in both the senate and house with long waiting lines at the doors The senates first session lasted exactly 30 minutes with 89 mem bers present It was largely de voted to the swearing in of new and reelected members With a larger membership and more routine to be followed the house could not complete its first day doings so quickly Seme house members were eager to make their first speeches of the new congress when they could obtain recognition from the speaker v P ft was the first congress in a quarter of a century to convene with the nation at war And as if to impress upon the new and old members he gravity of Ihc times a test airraid put them on the alert in hour and a half before Vice President Henry A Wallace banged the cavci in the senile and Chief Clerk South Trimble rapped the representatives to order in Ihe house The opening followed the tradi tional pattern of initial sessions of new congresses Most members were in their seats before the stroke of 12 and the galleries were well filled in advance Unlike openings of the last 10 years however was the large oc cupancy of seats by republicans In the house membership con sisted of 208 republicans 222 democrats two progressives one farmlabor and one American labor representative There was one vacancy When the 77h congress con vened two years ago there were only 1GG republican house mem bers The senate had 33 republican members more than had sat on the minority side in a decade V Introduction of bills and reso lutions started simultaneonsly willi the fall of the eavels with Senator Wiley K Wis sayinp he had ready a resolution calling for the establishment of a liaison committee between the president and congress More ihan 150 bills were intro duced in the house with major subjects being service men fiscal reform poll taxes and lynching Long controversies developed dur poll tax and antiIynching legisla tion The first session opened on a note ot selfassertion with House Speaker Rayburn DTcx re am portedly telling a democratic cau cus that congress no longer would yield to bureaucrats and that
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