Monday, January 4, 1943

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 4, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF KISTOKY AND THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS rUU LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 4 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 74 ROLL NAZIS BACK ACROSS CAUCASUS Congress Faces Job of Pushing On to Victory WILL PROBABLY MAP PLANS IN FORMING PEACE GOP Says Division of Parties to Disappear on Issues of War By ALEX U SINGLETON WASHINGTON The cru cible global war held for the incoming 78th congress Monday on ol historys toughest Assign job testing the na tions stamina as it fuses the in gredients of manpower money anc material for victory and evcntua peace From its work will be shaped the way of life on the home front from its appropriations will be forged the weapons of war for the American fightin farces from its deliberations may come the pattern for a last ins peace The 78th congress convene Wednesday Not for a decade ha the membership of the house am senate been so evenly divided ye leaders of both the democratic ma jority and the resurgent republi can minority has declared tha division would disappear on wa issues But the election7bom realign ment and the determination of th republicans to give congress great er initiative in writing legislatio may prove to have a farreachin on matters affecting the ci vilian population It appeared certain to be re fleeted in drives for economies attempts curb the powers ac quired by federal departments an bureaus in moves to restoro cr control to state and local gov ernment Overshadowing ether prob lems will be that of supplying the fighting forces and of fur nishing weapons of war to other united nations For that purpose congress already has appropri ated much of i still unspent President Roose velt is expected to ask for an other And as the drain on the normal supply of men and material in creases so too will tile need tor tighter controls It may result in changes in the price control act and possibly in a national man power service act Mounting costs of war mean more and more taxes Out of the difficult task of trying to make ends meet have come a variety ol suggestions for new levies ranging from a national lottery to a sales tax Meanwhile strong sentiment has developed in the house ways and means committee tor tax collections on a payasyougo basis Behind the scenes already has begun the preliminary skirmish ing in a controversy of world im of deciding what this nations foreign policy will be after the war It may assume ma por importance next June when the administration seeks renewal Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued cold Monday afternoon Monday night and Tuesday forenoon Lowest temperature Tuesday morning in Mason City 10 IOWA Continued cold Monday night and Tuesday forenoon except colder east centra and extreme northeast portions Monday night MINNESOTA Continued cold Monday night and Tuesday forenoon except slightly colder extreme cast portion Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 20 Minimum Sunday night 10 At 8 a m 10 Precip 03 inch Snow Hi inches YEAR AGO Maximum 5 Minimum 27 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 23 Minimum Sunday morning 19 At 8 a m Sunday 19 Precip 06 inch Snow 1 inch Delivering the Goods to Britain 8 DESTROYERS ARE ATTACKED BY YANKEE PTS Torpedo Boats Hit One Japanese Vessel and Possibly 2 Others WASHINGTON Jl Eight Japanese destroyers were discov ered off the northwestern end ot Guadalcanal Island lust Saturday the navy reported Monday and were attacked by motor torpedo boats which definitely scored a hit on one vessel and three pos sible hits OH two more Communique No 23D Red Blows Well Timed Against Nazis By LOUIS F KEEMLE United Press War Analyst The Russians by a series of wellplanned offensives at k c y points along an 1100mile front from northwest of Moscow in t li c Caucasus arc forcing Hit lers armies into a n extremely awkward a n d dangerous mili f 1 tary position T h e impres sive feature of the Russian of fensive is the timing of t h e blows and the spread between the points of at tack which has prevented the Germans from concentrating fully on any one of several threatened sectors The drive northwest of Moscow South Pacific All dates arc carrying the Russians past Vclikic KFEMLE A convoy loaded with war goods for American and British use in British Isles zigzags as it nears England This photo was made from a British coastal command plane standard 40 hour ready has been of its reciprocal trade agreements with 25 countries Service legislation probably will occupy a considerable share of congressional time Bills have been introduced to con tinue soldiers pay for a year after wars end to match dol larfordollar the money he saves from his service pay to set up a public works program to give him employment upon his return to civilian life Elimination of the poll tax pay ments as a voting subject of a bitter controversy last will be sought over the objections of southern demo crats some of whom have main tained that any attempt to press the issue would be remembered in the next presidential elections A tentative draft of a bill calling for sweeping revision of labor legislation and elimination of the work week nl prcpared and probably will1 touch off one of the stormiest controversies of the ses sion Here are some of the issues which will confront the new con gress 1 Nev taxes possibly adoption of a payasyougo collection plan 2 Economies in nonmilitary governmental spending 3 Plans for postwar reconstruc tion and employment 4 Extension of reciprocal trade agreements 5 Revision of present laboi statutes G Streamlining of congres sional machinery 7 Renewal of the administra tions lendlease authority 8 Probably the biggest budge in history 9 Extension of social security 10 Revision of rationing 11 Possibly a national servici act 12 Elimination of the poll lax a a voting prerequisite 13 Revival of the antilyne issue 14 Consideration of enforce savings 15 Restriction on the power o wernment bureaus to make thci own interpretations of laws laims Management in Cedar iapids Airport Fire Chief Conducts Probe of Blaze Which Destroyed 29 Planes VEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 0 7 Fire Breaks Out in Kansas City Rooming House 2 Persons Die KANSAS CITY if Two o ten persons trapped by fire Mon day as they slept on the sccon floor of a rooming house wci burned to death Four others escaped by jump ing from windows two were car ried down ladders by firemen an three fled down a fire escape a flames licked at thorn Mrs Effie Morris 60 w found by firemen burned death in her bed William Noel 45 died at a hos pital a short time after he ha jumped from a second floor dow Six others including a fire man were injured Origin of tl fire was undetermined OWA GRIPPED N GOLD WAVE Continued Severe Weather Predicted DES MOINES extreme old wave held Iowa in an icy rip Monday with temperatures in he northern half of state well elow zero and many roads cx remcly hazardous from n sheet f ice The weather man forecast even older weather for most of Iowa londay night and Tuesday Temperatures dropped steadily ver the weekend and rain which ell in some areas Saturday night nd Sunday quickly formed an cy cover on highways sidewalks nd trees The state highway commission said roads were icy all over the state except in the extreme south east Curves and hills have been sanded Roads east and south of Ollumwn arc about normal Spirit Lake reported the states ow temperature of 13 degrees be ow zero Three inches of snow fell there Sunday night It was 10 below at Mason City and below at Spencer Other readings were Fort Dodge 6 harles City 5 Sioux City 3 Ames 1 The low at DCS Moincs was 3 above Fort Dodge recorded 10 of an inch of precipitation during the last 21 hours and lesser amounts fell in other places The weather bureau forecast temperatures as low as 10 below at Mason City Monday night as FIRE DESTROYS MSBWIME Bing Removes From Salvaged Shoe CEDAR RAPIDS W Fire Chief E P Kohout Monday ac cused the management cf the Cedar Rapids airport with care lessness in flash fire planes and connection with the which destroyed 2E a machine shop and gutted the hangar Saturday after noon The loss was estimated by Leo Damge business manager of the airport at Kohout said an airport fire extinguisher was brought in to Hie central fire station to be re filled Dec 29 but never had been called for The extinguisher was of the foam type that is particularly val uable in combatting quickspread ing fires involving highly infl mable materials inflam the chief said cast 1 Cm Jan 2 United States motor tor pedo boats attacked eight Jap anese destroyers in isolated en gagements in the vicinity of the northwestern end of Guadal canal Island The attacks re suited in one torpedo hiton one of the destroyers and three pos sible hits on two others Enemy aircraft bombed bur PT boats and inflicted slight damage This apparently was the latest Japanese attempt to supply their troops on Guadalcanal since they dropped about 30 parachute car goes on the beach at Tassafaronga Dec 27 The parachute supplies were bombed and strafed by American army planes Whether the torpedo boats suc ceeded in turning back the Japa nese attack was not stated by the navy but it was noted that only one torpedo hit oh one vessel was reported as certain ft would have been possible for the others to continue their highspeed run into the northwestern tip of Guadalcanal possibly nround La REDSANNOUNCE FURTHER GAINS ON OTHER LINES Russian Armies Show Extent of Power and Nazis Miscalculation By JAMES M LONG Associated Press War Editor The new Russian offensive which smashed the Germans back from Mozdok and the Grozny oil fields was reported unchecked Monday rolling the nazis steadily back across the Caucasus while the red army announced further gains in the Kalmyck steppe the middle Don and on the north trai front 70 miles from the Lat vian border Thus with an enlarging of fensive which set the Germans back at both ends of a battlefield more than 1000 miles long and kept them on tlie defensive alone Us entire length Premier Stalins armies showed their re serve power and the extent of Adolf Hitlers miscalculation On he north African front Brit ish tanks raided axis positions n o r t h west of MedjezEl Bab French forces slabbed closer to the TunisTripoli highway and pushed deeper into Libya from the south nnd allied air power came out winner again by a heavy mar gin in the battle for the skies Battlcfront dispatches and the Moscow communiques gave this account of the long eastern front CAUCASUS The Russians Iji another operation they have pressed northwest and west on joined forces in a drive from the the heels of German troops re treating from Mozdok and Mai obek recapturing several more Luki toward the Latvian border apparently is It has pinned down forces which Hitler might have diverted to meet the real danger in the south It is there that the Russians really mean business Their object is to cut off the entire German army in the Caucasus and annihi late it To accomplish this they are driving from three southwards towards Rostov across the Donets below Millero vo westward from the region of Elista and northwestward from Mozdok along the railroad lead ing to Rostov HOLLYWOOD fP Charred framework und a mass of black ened debris were all that remained Monday of Crooner Bing Crosbys 20room colonial mansion and his valuable collection of musical re cordings golf awards and hcrsc racing trophies The residence a rambling twostory film colony sliow placc situated on a fouracre landscaped estate fronting su burban Toluca lake was euttcd Sunday niclil by believed to liavc started from a shortcir cuit while Mrs Crosby former ly Actress Dixie Lee and their four sons were dismantling Christmas tree decorations north and south in front of Stalin grad cutting off an estimated 15000 to 200000 axis forces which are in a desperate supply situation and in danger ot being wiped out If tlie Russians crash through to vero Pass Coughlan harbor the cold wave extends over entire state the RAF ATTACKS RUHR DISTRICT Nazis Say Residential Districts Damaged LONDON Royal Air Force attacked the industrial Ruhr in western Germany during the night in the first big raid on the reich in 1943 The air ministry announced thai three planes were lost indicating that a moderately small force pos Usually such an extinguisher can be filled and checked in 15 or 20 minutes He said he saw no extinguishers of that type at the fire Saturday Efforts of the fire department in battling the flames were handi capped also by the lack oC water at the airport Later Dan Hunter owner of the buildings equipment and most of the destroyed planes is sued a statement saying that air port extinguishers incRfding two or three foam devices used during the fire Wehave been criticized for neglecting the planes until it was late he said but if it were to happen again this afternoon I would still see to it that the boys in the machine shop were safe be fore I touched a plane Our first duty is to protect our men Five planes already have been purchased and are cnroute to edar Rapids for use in the train ing program here he reported All elementary classes are to be con tinued in addition to one sec ondary class and the instructors oursc One cross country class will be Battalion Chief Joseph C Koc der of the Los Angeles fire depart ment tentatively placed the loss at Mrs Crosby and the children ran safely from the dwelling to a neighbors homo sibly not more than planes participated 60 or 70 The Berlin radio asserted that British bombers caused damage to a residential section of a Ruhr town with explosives and incen diaries Civilian casualties were Crosby who had a golfing late Sunday with Dancer dale Fred Astairo rushecl home from BelAir Counlry club when notified of tlic fire He walked over to a pile of his clothing and selected a black and white sports shoe Reaching into it he extracted 52000 in currency and grinned rclievcdly All his lOfl or so suits were saved by brothers Larry and Bob of them were for smoke and and get out again without bavin to undergo further attack Such a dashing execution of their supply mission would have been possible particularly if the destroyers came in at night or in bad weather Pos sibly they were operating with weather protection which gave their oim aircraft occasional openings for b o m b i u E tlic American PT boats if It could have been n night tic lion however particularly if those destroyers were of the same group discovered earlier Satur day in the vicinity of Shortland I island The number of those ships was not given They were bombed by flying fortresses but no hits were observed Three hours and a half later a group of destroyers which may have been the same group turned up in the vicinity of Rendovcr is land in the New Georgia group which suggested the possibility they were moving in the direction of Guadalcanal At that lime those destroyers were protected Rostov the German army in the Grozny was populated The Moscow war bulletin is j suffering heavy losses Mozclok 00 miles northwest of Caucasus would be deprived of supply and reinforcements It is not lob Into for hasty withdrawal from the Caucasus but Hitler is reported to be bringing in heavy reinforcements in an effort to hold on Unless Hitler is to abandon his gains in the western Cau casus and the Donets basin and withdraw to shorter and more compact lines toward the Dnieper it is becoming appar cut that he will have to draw on his dwindling strategic re serves to stem the Russian tide To do so would be extremely dangerous because of the threat to his European stronghold from Africa and from Britain into western Europe Once Hitlers reserves arc used up it will be impossible to re place them The Russians have kept him too busy to withdraw nny troops to bolster Germanys dwindling manpower by working in factories Between them Russia and the BritishAmerican allies thus have Hitler bad predicament He scarcely can afford to sacrifice major trophy o the axis drive toward the oil fields last August Kalmyck steppe and lower red army thrust deeper into iiazi positions on a fanshaped front from the Don across the StalingradTikhoretsk railway into the Kolmyck Bivastelands Breaking the enemys resis tance soviet troops are penetrat ing the German defenses a com munique said of this sector It reported several more communi ties liberated from the invaders and sakl heavy losses were in flicted on two German elite guard regiments which attempted a counterattack MIDDLE DON Our troops continued their offensive and oc cupied n number of populated places the communique an nounced A soviet guards unit in a sudden attack broke an enemy fortified line and occupied three populated places NORTHWEST OF The Russians thrust westward beyond recaptured Velikie Luki long an anchor of the nazi line and reached Novosokolniki 70 miles from the Latvian border SHOOT DOWN 28 ENEMY by enemy fighters although many somewhat worse water I another appeared to be sinking Firemans Nose for Fires Results in Arrest for Arson io i i tlusf1 011 PLANES IN TUNISIA WAR ing allied air might American and British down 28 enemy aircraft and dam 1 aged 34 others over the weekend Most of the loll was taken by American bomber and tighter planes in a Saturday raid into Ihe blaze of antiaircraft fire and fighter defenses the axis has con centrated at Tunis The only casualty was Timinyl BLOOMINGDALE N J ttio Crosby childrens pet cocker spunicl which suffocated Larry said loss to the house and furnishings was fully covered by insurance it wasnt there the original manuscript of the song Dixie written in Civil war days by the late Dan Emmett George Browne Para mount studio publicity director said he acquired the manuscript transferred to Iowa City and heias a Sift for Crosby but had not other two to Lc Mars Commcntina on the fact that there have been three fires at he airport in the last 10 years Kohout said The record out there has been one of carelessness They have never been fire minded A S31WO fire in June 1940 destroyed nine planes at the air port Kohout also expressed displeas ure at the fact that welding was proceeeding in the machine shop in the presence of seven planes and a quantity of an inflammable fabric coating solution reported and several planes were 1 Sta said to have been shot down can Buy War Savings Bonds and mps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy yet given it to the singer Spangler Will Go to Headquarters of GOP CEDAR RAPIDS can National Chairman Harrison E Spangler said he planned to leave Monday night for Washing ton for several work in the GOP national headquarters He expressed belief the congress undoubtedly will note of what the people are think take ing The last congress readied a realization of the situation aftci the ballots in the Nov 3 election were counted he commented Fireman Thomas E Andersons lose for fires has resulted in his arrest on a charge of arson An derson used to baffle his fellow firefighters on the Bloomingdale iolunleer fire company because lie got to the firchouse before alarms turned in and thus Sot to drive the truck He was ar rested Sunday night after a sus picious fire broken out in a sum mer pavilion on Oakwood lake causing damage State police said his footprints matched those of the arsonist MOVE ON LAST JAPS IN POCKET Allied Troops Wipe Out Force Around Buna ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA ed and facing annihilation the only Japanese forces remaining on the Papuan peninsula of New Guinea were confined Monday in a narrow pocket on Sananancln point by American and Australian troops who wiped out the last vestiges of enemy resistance around Buna over the The enemys position is now hopeless declared a communique lowan Is Killed in TractorTrailer Crash AURORA 111 Reginald LcRoy Everlc 32 of Mechnnics villc Iowa died Sunday after lie was thrown from a large tractor trailerand crushed beneath the trailer eight miles west of here He was driving the loaded vehicle on U S Route 30 when the trac tor skidded causing the tractor and trailer to swing together Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIobeGatettc carrier boy from General MacArthurs head quarters adding that allied irp for the kill Tersely the bulletin an nounced that the allies liad completed the destruction of the enemys defeated forces in the Buna area a statement which a headquarters spokes man amplified by declaring that 650 Japanese had been slain in mopping up operations following the capture of Buna mission 2 PLANES INTERLOCK SALT LAKE CITY T o P395 attempting to land on the same runway at the army air base interlocked and crashed Sunday No one was injured The flying fortresses ac counted for 17 of the swarm of German and Italian planes which tried in vain to save Tu nis harbor and waterfront from another battering Twintailed Lockheed lightning fighters got luo more Not one of the fortresses was lost although perhaps 32 look pnrt in the Tunis attack Altogether allied losses were seven planes two ot them can The allied planes attacked bousse and tbc hardhit rail line between Soussc nnd Sfax and in tercepted an axis air attack on the Algerian port of Bone A Cairo communique said Tu tnis was attacked again Saturday I night without loss of a plane the communique stated there was nothing to re port from our land forces TART OF ROMMELS FORCES DIGGING IV These last were reported in contact with the enemy west the Wadi Dei El Chcbir There were indications that part of Marshal Rommels forces was digging in for another attempted stand this time near the Wadi ZcmZem 20 miles west ot Wadi Bei El Chebir and 160 miles frorc Tripoli