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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 30, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COKP DEPARTMENT OF AND ASCHIVE3 THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES IVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 30 1942 MAKES ALL IOWANS THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 70 REDS PLUNGE ON ALONG MIDDLE DON VICTORYTAXTO BEWITHHELDON PAYGIVENIN43 Will Be Taken Out Even If Part of Sum WsnEarned in 42 WASHINGTON The trea ury it was learned authoritatively Wednesday has ruled that the new victory tax must be withheld from all wages and salaries paid in January even though part or all of the money was earned this month In other words a man paid monthly on the first ot the month will find a victory av nick taken out of his pay en velope this Friday despite the fact that he worked for the money in December The same is true of all salaries paid on Friday The treasury ruling was based on the language of the law which says there shall be levied col lected and paid lor each taxable year beginning after Dec 31 1942 a victory tax 5 per centum upon the victory tax net income of every Wages and salaries received in 1943 are to be considered in come for 1943 under the ruling regardless of the period in which they were earned Two members of the senate finance committee active in the drafting of the new tax bill declared tbe ruling ran counter to congressional intent if It was the intention of con gress I know to base the tax on 1943 earnings said Senator Byrcl Senator Danaher RConn said there was no slightest doubt that the act provides that the victory tax withholding de duction from salaries should ap ply to income commencing Jan 1 1943 The apparent incongruity be tween tlte act and the treasurys ruling which calls for a deduction on income received even though not earned in January may he justified only on grounds of ex pediency he said The bureau of internal revenue is sending out to businessmen over the nation a letter staling that beginning Jan 1 1943 ev ery employer is required to with hold collect and pay upon all wages of every employe except agricultural labor domestic serv ice casual labor and certain other classcs of labor a tax of 5 per cent of the excess of such wages over the withholding deduction allowable The withholding deduction al lowable is a year The 5 per cent victory tax is figured on the remainder of income in the case of a wage earner Everyone with an income of more than a year S12 a week has to pay the tax but it will be collected at the source only in the case of wage earn ers and salaried people except for the exclusions set out in the internal revenue letter above For the convenience of employ ers a system of wage bracket deductions has been authorized Thirty cents a week for example will be withheld from the wages of all persons paid between and S20 a week while S1440 be deducted from the monthly paychecks of men earn ing between 320 and S360 a month A final settlement up or down between the taxpayer and the government will be made on the 1943 victory tax on March 15 1944 when individual income tax returns for 1943 arc due Payers of the victory tax get a postwar credit for part of the tax 25 per cent credit in the case a single person 40 per cent for a married man plus 2 per cent for each dependent The taxpayer doesnt have to wait until the end of the war to collect the rebate If he can prove that he bought government bonds to the amount of his postwar tax credit or paid off old debts or paid life insurance premiums on policies taken out previously he can claim credit to the amount of his allowed but no and apply it against his 1S4J income tax Before Slaying of Dorian INDORSE VACCINATION DES MOINES Des Monies Federation of Womens clubs has indorsed compulsory vaccination against smallpox for all small children entering school for the first time trTn T leilders ale shown above as they met in a ceremonv in f v ti Entlsh nd American soldiers killed in battle during the inva ot North Atnca Taken shortly before the assassination of Admiral Jean Darlan it rnin to the war memorial the late Admiral Darlan Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham of the royal navy Lt Gen Dwight Eisenhower U S A commander of the cessor African ancl Giraud DatSis suc Comeback Will Be Made by Bread Knife in U S Kitchens Bay War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Will Discontinu Slicing Ceiling on Flour Is Increased WASHINGTON bread knife outmoded in many kitchens by the bakers mechanical slicers made a comeback Wednesday by cutting off a 10 per cent flour price increase at the mill before it reaches the housewife The government authorized the price boost Tuesday night to help offset the increase it attributes to higher wheat pri ces abnormal price situations in the flour industry and technical milling conditions But to prevent the higher price ceilings from being reflected in retail bread prices slicing bread for home consumption will be dis continued to lower expenditures for machinery and manpower and similar savings will be introduced in manufacture packaging and distribution The office of price administra tion order effective Jan 4 es tablishes a uniform schedule of flour prices throughout the coun try to replace ceilings which froe individual mill prices at Sept 28Oct 2 levels Secretary of Agriculture Claude R Wickard acting as food admin istrator simultaneously directed elimination of bread slicing by bakers by Jan 18 discontinuance of the practice of some bakers of selling bread to dealers on con signment restriction of the num ber of sizes and varieties of loaves made by any baker in a single week and discontinuance of twisted and crosspan bread by commercial bakers except for cer tain religious uses Wickard observed that some housewives will be inconven ienced by failure to get sliced bread but said he believed they will be glad to out their own bread to prevent a price increase and the war effort The breadslicing ban will not apply during he next GO days on the socalled giant loves weighing two pounds and more moreover some provision was expected to be made for sales of sliced bread to restaurants hotels war plants and large institutions The food administrator also di rected enrichment of all commer cial white bread with vitamins and minerals He declared that at present the maintenance and strengthening of nutrition stand ards are imperative in the inter est of national health and well be ing Housewives who bake their own bread or buy flour for other pur poses may expect however to find retail prices for the product between 40 and 75 cents more for a 196 pound barrel depending on the location and type of flour NO NOTICEABLE HOARDING SIOUX CITY Gro cers Association leaders said there has been no noticeable hoarder buying here of goods scheduled for rationing soon US PLflNES SINK 2 JAP VESSELS Yank Troops Kill 150 With Loss of Only 4 WASHINGTON aircraft operating from Henderson field on Guadalcanal in the Solo mons strafed and bombed a fleet fo enemy cargo ships off the is land and sank two enemy vessels the navy department reported Wednesday Simultaneously the navy in its communique reported that army and marine troops iiad killed more than 150 Japanese with a loss of only four men killed and one wounded The attack on the cargo vessels occurred at Wickham anchorage on the southeast coast of Vangunu island in tiie New Georgia group of the Solomons approximately 120 miles northwest from Hender son airfield The fleet of Japanese caigo vessels at Wickham anchorage ap parently was attempting to bring in supplies to Ihe harrasscd Jap forces in the Solomons The report or the attack came a day after Commander Dwight H Dexter 41yearold coast guard officer just back from the Solo mons told a press conference that the Japanese forces there were weakening Judging from my experience there he said I believe the Japs now have a Ithcy can do to com bat starvation and disease much less worry about the litte bit of hell the marines arc giving them too Bny War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Wednesday afternoon and night low tem perature 5 nol much change in temperature Thursday forenoon IOWA Slightly colder Wednesday night and not much change in temperature Thursday forenoon MINNESOTA Decidedly colder cast portion and not quite so coldnorthwest portion Wednes day night and Thursday fore noon Not much change in tem perature southwest portion Occasional light snow north Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon INMASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 25 Minimum Tuesday night 1R At 8 a m Wednesday 17 YEAR AGO Maximum 23 Minimum 4 Precipitation 24 Savo Natives Help lowan Forced Down in Guadalcanal Eight Robert Flaherty of Waterloo hads hot down three Jap zero planes over Guadalcanal natives of the Savo island who rescued him when his plane was forced to land in the sea took him 20 miles back to his base by canoe and gave him a wa termelon providing a special canoe to carry the melon in ad dition to an escort of two 10man warrior canoes Flaherty said in an interview here Floods Force War Plants to Shut Down By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Onsurging peak floods swept into the Pittsburgh industrial area Wednesday forcing several war plants to close inundating homes stores and streets and curtailing and motor Iraiisocrlation From he confluence of tlic Monongahela and Allegheny rivers at Pittsburgh that form the Ohio river the floodstream poured toward Ohio and West Virginia and as far south as Louisville Ky The Ohio river was expected to reach flood stage by New Years day The Kentucky river had climbed to 25 feet a rise of 118 feet since Tuesday and six feet short of flood stage In southern Alabama rivers reached flood crests Overflowing streams in western North Carolina blocked some highways Throughout most of New York streams went beyond their banks and southern lowland residents were warned to evacuate Many highways were blocked In Pittsburgh proper waters were rising six inches m hour in loivlying streets and firemen civilian defense workers and the Red Cross assisted marooned fam ilies in nearby communities The flood stage was 324 feet at eastern war the highest for December in 100 years A crest of at least 3C feet 11 below the record of the dis astrous 1936 flood was predicted Tile American Bridge companys yard at Leetsdale an dthe Labcile works of the Crucible Steel com pany closed leaving hundreds of workers idle Some other factories moved vital materials to higher land The rising Mahoning river in undated railroadtracks at the Re public Steel corporation plant at Ypvjngsfown Ohio hampering production Flood seasoned communities down the Ohio river wure prepar ing for any eventuality Wheeling expected a 40foot crest which would flood hundreds of houses and suspend transportation serv ices 4 Story Hotel Block Destroyed by Flames SYRACUSE N Y One man was dead from a fire that destroyed the historic fourstory Empire hotel block and an ad joining threestory bus terminal building in the downtown district early Wednesday Eight stores in the hotels ground floor also were lost The blaze raged out of con trol three hours 4 Killed When Nazis Raid English Town LONDON persons including two women and a child were killed and several others were injured when three Fockc Wulf190 fighter planes bombed a southwest English coasial town from loiv level Wednesday The Germans also swept the town with machine guns and cannon A block of tenements was shattered and several more victims were believed trapped beneath the debris Fire Hits Roundhouse ircmen arc pictured above as Uiev fought a 32000000 urc that swept a New York Central railroad roundhouse in Detroit destroying 11 locomotives Cause of the fire is be ing investigated by authorities 13 JAP BUNKERS IN BUN A SECTOR ARE CAPTURED Single Nippon Soldier Is Found Operating 8 Machine Guns by Wires By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Hard lighting American troops in New Guinea were officially credited Wednesday with the cap ture ot the bloody triangle a series or 13 fortified bunkers bit terly defended by Hie Japanese while other allied forces slowly closed a trap around the enemys narrow beach corridor at Buna Frontline dispatches said the Americans drove out the Japanese piecemeal and then inflicted heavy casualties in beating off an enemy counterattack The fierceness of the Japanese defense was illustrated when American soldiers mopping up one sector found a single Japanese op crating eight machineguns bv means of strings and wires rigged in a series Mopping up of captured posi tions is progress Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters an nounced Our troops expanded their initial wedge still farther to the Other far Pacific war develop ments Blenheim bom bers escorted by fighters blasted anew at the Japanese airdrome at Monywa on the Chindwin river in northwest Burma and pounded the enemy air base at Toungoo in central Burma British fighter planes also car ried out offensive patrols in the Mayu river district along the Bay of Bengal where Gen Sir Archi bald P Wavells British troops from India have been driving alongthe coast toward the big Japanese base at Akyab No further word was forthcom ing on the progress of the British overland thrust which Tuesday was reported to have reached Rathedaung 25 miles from Akyab HENDERSON DIES IN LONDON HOME Was Envoy to Berlin When War Broke Out LONDON Ncvile Hen derson former British ambassador to Berlin died in his sleep at his West End home Tuesday night He had been ill for some time Henderson was ambassador to Berlin through the Munich crisis and at the time of the outbreak of the war with Germany Henderson described those fate ful days in a book Failure of a Mission published in 1340 Since 1941 he had been a group commander or colonel in the home guard He was GO years old Henderson declared in February 1341 that when Hitler has noth ing more to offer the Germans when he realizes he has becr cheating them he will crack and scuttle himself1 During his mission to Berlii Henderson strove to bring abou friendship and understanding be twcen Britain and Germany Guarantee us peace ami peace ful evolution in Europe and Ger many will find she lias no more sincere and I believe more useful friencf in the world than Britain he said in Berlin in 1337 if Six feet all sharpfeatured and looking more like a soldier than a diplomat Henderson en tered the foreign service in 1905 and held posts throughout the world When he was assigned o Berlin he was regarded as one of the most experienced members of the British diplomatic service In the September 1938 Munich crisis he was criticized and de fended alike for the role he played in Prime Minister Chamberlains appeasement policy toward Ger many Printers Rush Forms for Food Rations WASHINGTON V the tremendous priming job vei to be done office of price administra tion officials expressed confidence Wednesday the pointrationing program for canned dried and frozen foods would get under way sometime in Februarv The schedule for preparing and printing about 15 formsaz ffresaluij many million pieces of printed matter is so tislit however a spokesman said thai it wouldnt lake much of a set back to throw the start of ra tioning over inlo March At the same time he reported citizens over the country gener ally were taking the sweeping now program very patriotically Reports reaching OPA from var ious sections at the close of the sec ond shopping day since Food Ad ministrator Claude Wickard an nounced the plan did not indicate any general tendency toward ex cessive buying for cupboard stocking purposes the spokesman said The date on which housewives must start consulting their ration points as well as their pockctuonks when buying canned goods has not yet been scl even tentatively but no hitches so far have devel oped which would place the dead line later than February Printers proofs already have been received on the Uvobiggest printed items the consumers declaration of canned goods on the basis of which de ductions will be made from the ration points allotted each iierson an information pamphlet explaining point rationing The pamphlet will be issued to every applicant for family copies of war ration book number two Prob ably about 60000000 of each will be printed The average householder will seeoijlytwo other One is theration book itself print ing of 150000000 of which now is near completion and the olher is the point schedule The latter is a card to be dis played in every store shouiiiK the point value of each canned goods item Five other forms arc needed for consumer rationing and an addi tional halfdozen for the flow back system under which cou pons will be passed by grocers to wholesalers and by wholesalers to processors to permit the re plenishment of stocks The five forms needed to gel goods into Ihe hands consum ers themselves arc The pnmphlel of official regulations which sets forth the rules penalties proced ures and appeals syslcm the ra tioning guide a pamphlet issued to local ration boards to instruct them in handling the program the application form for indus trial and institutional users of canned goods the certificates on which industrial and institutional rations will be granted and the instruction to registrars which will be used when the new regis tration takes place Minister Loses Gas Book for Speeding Approves Board Action 1NDIANOLA HIc Mullen Simpson college student pastor who serves Methodist churches at Spring Hill and Mid dle River Iowa says he approves action of the XVarren county ra tioning board in revoking his gas oline ration book on complaint that he drove in excess of 33 miles an hour U might prevent other boys from getting inlo trouble and Ihe public generally from violating the law he said US BOMBERS ATTACK LORIENT 3 American Planes Missing From Raid LONDON bombers of the United States army air force attacked submarine pens in the naziheld French port of Loricnt Wednesday afternoon it was an nounced officially Three of the bombers were missing bui Ihe communique said a number1 of enemy fighters were destroyed when they at tempted to intercept the raiders over the target area A joint bulletin from the air ministry and headquarters of the United Stales army European the ater of operations said allied fighters also made sweeps over enemy territory without encoun tering air opposition Reds May Be Getting Ready to Advance on North End of Line By UNITED PRESS The Russians rolled on toward Rostov Wednesday and there were reports that the red army might iic getting ready to go on the of fensive at the northern end of the long snowy battle line Reports to Stockholm said soviet trucks were moving across frozen Lake Ladoga restoring Sand communication with bciicjccl Leningrad The Vichy radio axis controlled broadcast a report that troop movements in dicated new Russian TAKE RAILWAY CITY IN FIRST MAIN TRIUMPH Batter at Gates of Another City in Drive Aimed Toward Rostov By ROGEll D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russias steamroller offensive lunged on across the middle Don steppes Wednesday and battered at the gates of another big popu lated place1 perhaps Millcrovo or seizing the key Germanheld rail citadel of Kotel nikovski ill miles southwest of Stalingrad Already hemmed in on three sides by soviet troops only two miles away at the nearest point Millcrovo lies 120 miles north of Rostov Kamensk is 40 miles south of Millcrovo On the Tunisian front the war department reported allied patrols inflicted casualties on axis forces and captured prison ers while allied artillery shelled Hie enemy in the hills northeast of MedjczEIBati Roads leading from Tunis were bombed and machinegunned by1 our aircraft during the night oC Dec 2829 the war departments communique added In Russia Ihe red armies swept on to the southwest after captur ing Kolelnikovski amid bloody housetohouse fighting which left the streets littered with nazi dead London military quarters said the fall of Kotelnikovski the first lig prize of the Russian winter offensive virtually sealed the doom of 22 German divisions now trapped SUiintrad The capture is a most sig nificant success which even the Germans will not be able to hide these quarters said U means the extermination of Col Gen Hermann von Hoths sixtli army because the only chance the Germans had to get relief was along this railway the StalingradKrasnodar railway on which Kotelnikovski is German field headquarters ig noring the fall of Kotelnikovski reported tersely that the Rus sians had suffered heavy casual gave no con tinuing attacks on the Stalingrad and Don river fronts With Kotelnikovski in siin hands and Alillcrovo cn BUlfecl the next major soviet objective apparently Ros tov Its capture would cut off the land escape route of per haps 1000000 German Iroops in southern Kussia Other soviet columns striking due west were reported less than 150 miles from the great Ukraine steel city of Kharkov Captured after bloody street fighting in which axis troops were killed and 2770 captured in 24 hours Kotelnikovski had served as a main base of supplies for the German siege armies before Stal ingrad The plight of these nazi forces originally estimated at more than 300000 troops was emphasized by a soviet communique reporting1 that 32 transport planes were de stroyed Dec 28 in the Stalingrad area as Ihe Germans desperately attempted to supply and reinforce their beleaguered units by air Alone wilh Die surprisingly swift fall of Kotelnikovski Red army headquarters declared that frantic efforts to stem the Rus sian tide on the middle Don steppes by throwinc in masses of reserves had been frustrated Considerable forces of German infantry in one sector succeeded somewhat in pressing back a de tachment of X unit the Russian command said Soviet troops by a counter blow threw back liic enemy and restored their position Four hun died enemy dead were left on the battlefield In another middle Don sector X unit smashing enemy resist ance advanced and is fighting at tile approaches to a big populated place Red army headquarters an nounced slill further successes in the Stalingrad vicinity where Russian shock troops sweeping out of iheir foxholes and ruined build ings in the northside factory dis I trict were reported to have cap iured 82 German blockhouses and dugouts and killed 200 nazis Norllnvcsl of Stalingrad our troops captured a height of isrcat I tactical importance and wiped
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