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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 17, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY Af0 ARCHIVES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION VOL XLIX ASSORTED PRESS AND umTEp FULL WInES THURSDAY DECEMBER 17 1942 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE 1 7 j t ur Ttt O SECTIONS ONE 59 HALF OF ROMMELS FORGE TRAPPED Army and Navy to Train 250000 in CONTRACTS TO BE MADE FOR NEW PROGRAM UniformPay System Gradually to Supplant College Reservists BULLETIN WASHINGTON Secre tary of War Stimson said Thurs day that the plan announced by Ihe arm and navy to use Ameri can colleges and universities for specialized training of enlisted men would temporarily upset theAmerican system of liberal education The immediate neces sity of winning Ihe war means that all education that is not technical must give way to mili tary demands he said adding that he problem of reestablish ing liberal education after the war already is under study WASHINGTON army and navy announced plans Thurs day to contract for college facili ties at which qualified young men estimated to number 250000 will be detailed for raining in a uni foimandpay system which gradually is to supplant the col lege reservist arrangement The 250000 figure which is an estimate of qualified persons who cannot be quoted by name would represent nearly a third of the nations presently shrinking male college population Trklnini for specialist assign i these institutions joint announcement said Can didates for the training so far as the army is concerned must come from the enlisted ranks or existing reserves while youths in civilian life may be enrolled under he navys phase of the program V Generally said War Secretary Shmson and Navy Secretary Knox the program is designed to maintain a steady flow of youn men suitable for specialized edu cational technical training for the army navy marine corps and coast guard They noted that the recent amendment to the selective serv ice and training act reducing the draft age to 18 years will elimi nate the principal source of men college students in the collets normal way of functioning Contracts for the training pro gram the statement said will be entered with colleges and univers ities not yet selected It was enC phasized however that existing agreements with educational in stitutions for training programs will not be affected Regulations lor selection of the institutions will be drafted by the chairman or the war manpower commission Paul V McNutt All the men assigned to the college training courses will be uniformed and will receive the pay and be under the military discipline of the regular army navy marine corps or coast guard The joint statement summariz ing the armys training program Eaidt The objective of this plan is to meet the need of the army for the specialized technical trainin of soldiers on active duty for certain army tasks for which its own training facilities areinsufficient in extent or character It added that the plan would provide for selection or this training of qualified young men on a brood democratic basis with out regard to financial resources The selection of soldiers for such traininif the statement continued regarding the armys Phase of the program will me made from enlisted men who have completed or are com pleting their basic military training and who apply for se lection for specialized training This selection will follow the general plan now in effect for the selection of enlisted men for of ficer candidate schools with such additional methods of ascertain ing qualifications as may be deemed appropriate after consul tation with educators The war department will control all seuec lions and only enlisted men under 21 years of nge will be eligible for lelechon under this program ex cept for an advanced staae of technical training The navys jliasc differed in providing that high school frad untes or those between the ages of 17 and 19 years with satisfac tory educational qualifications First Food in 3 Years C i 5 1S seen at the Jeffeison hos pital in Philadelphia enjoying a dish of ice cream her first taste of food since her esophagus tube was closed three years ago when she accidentally swallowed some lye Doc tors expressed hope that by Christmas she may be able to eat a turkey dinner Phonephoto iriay SeT i sappirentice seamen or as privates in the ma rine corps placed on active dutj and assigned to colleges or uni versities for training Requiremets for participation in the program under the navy reg in the join ulation as listed statement were Young men in civilian life who are interested in the navy college training program must meet the following requirements I Be male citizens of the United States 17 through 19 years ot age as of the date of enlistment or induction 2 Be organically sound without physical disabilities and have not less than 1820 vision N 3 Be prepared to undertake a rigorous program of education on the college level Provision also was included in he navysc program for educa ional training of enlisted men between the ages of 17 and 22 rears who have proper educa ional qualifications and are rec ommended by their commanding officer The navy provided that men as signed for training under the pro gram will be eligible at any time upon request for transfer to avia ion training The joint statement also out lined procedure governing the transition from the enlisted re serve program of the army to the armys specialized program providing to a great extent for continuing education of stu dents now enrolled as enlisted reserves or as members of the reserve officers training corps That procedure follows 1 Medical students including dental and veterinary in the en listed reserve will be called to active duty at the end of the next academic semester and will be detailed lo continue courses of medical instruction under con tracts to be made by the war de partment Medical students who have been commissioned in the medical administrative corps may at the same time resign such commission and enlist as privates and be detailed in the same man ner as medical students in the en listed reserve Premedical students in the enlisted reserve corps or those inducted before June 30 1943 taking approved courses will continue or be returned in an in active status until the end of the next academic semester and then will be called to active duty Those selected for furlher med ical or premcdical training will be detailed tor such instruction under the army specialized train ing program 2 Seniors fourth year lak mg advanced ROTC will be or dered to active duty upon gradua tion or upon the completion of the next academic semester Upon entering active duly they will be ordered to their respective branch schools and commissioned upon successful completion of the course 3 Juniors third year stu dents in the enlisted reserve corps or inducted before June 30 ing pursuingTlecHnical engineering courses willcontinue m an inactive status until the end of the next academic and will then be called to active duty Those selected at the com pJelion of their basic military training for further technical training will be detailed lor such instruction under the army spe cialized training program 4 All other enlisted reserve corps students will be called to active duty at the end of the cur rent semester and upon comple tion of basic training will be eligible for training under this program or other military duty Upon completing any phase of the armys specialized training program those selected for the training will be 1 Chosen for further training in an officer candidate school 2 Recommended for a technical noncommissioned officer 3 Returned to troops 4 In exceptional cases detailed for very advanced technical train 5 In very exceptional cases be made available for technical work to be done out of the army but deemed to be highly important to the war effort The navys part in the educa tional program also calls for an in tegration of present reserve Irain mg courses with the new system A principal change in the navv re servists procedure calls for dis continuance on March 15 1343 of enlistments in the Vl program which permits college students to continue their education at their own expense f nder the new program all reservists in Vl jn Va flight training or V7 deck or engineering training will continue in college unlil a date be when Ihey will be placed on active duty as apprentice seamen with full pay subsistence and uniforms At that lime on active duty the navys part Or the program provides they will complete heir college training which will be ac celerated in Ihe case of all stu dents except those who by July 1 1043 will enter the senior class and engineering students Students whoso plans for medi cal denial or theological uainin are approved by the navy ment will continue on acti as apprentice seamen unutl struction in accelerated curricula n approved schools and seminar cs until completion of their pro fessional studies Consideration will be given to the students choice of the institution to which ic will be assigned for the com pletion of his college course The naval reserve officers train ng corps will be continued as an ntegral part of the new program Reserve sludems will be selected at the end of the first two semcs ers from those inducted under the naVC0iIcsc Program All N R o T C sludenls in he naval reserve the slatcmcnt continued will be called lo ac ivc duty i that Manpower Commissioner I FLYING FORTS SMASH 12 JAP ZERO AIRCRAFT U S Navy Bombers Hit Destroyer in Assault on Munda WASHINGTON N a v y dive bombers striking at Japanese ships and installations at Munda on New Georgia island in the Solomons hit and damaged one enemy destroyer or cruiser the navy reported Thursday while flying fortresses engaged and de stroyed 12 Japanese zero fighters nearby The navy said Ihe riyiiif fort resses were attacked by the dozen Japanese fighters near New Georgia island The en tireforce of zeros was shot doirn in a sharp engagement One fortress was lost but Us crew was rescued One of the dive bombers n Douglas dauntless failed to re turn from the raid on Munda where the Japanese have been seeking to establish a new air base The raid was the seventh on the Munda base It encountered the lirst enemy opposition in two days The damaging of a destroyer or cruiser brought to 142 the number of Japanese ships an nounceti as sunk or damaged in toe rThtenemys Planelosses were boosied to 649 by destruction of the 13 zeros Tiie text ot the communique re porting tho tiyo actions follows Pacific all dates arc cast 1 On Dec 1C a A number of navy dive bombers Douglas dauntless at tacked Japanese ships and instal lations in the Munda arci of New Georgia island An enemy de stroyer or cruiser was hit and damaged One dauntless failed lo roup of army flying fortresses Boeing B17 was i return tercepted by 12 landtype enemy zeros in the vicinity of island The entire intercepting force of zeros was shot down One fortress was lost but the crew was rescued Morris Goes Home Senator George W Norris now 81 removed his name plate Irom his office door in Washington mid returned to Nebraska after having served in congress continuouslv since 1903 He became a senator in 1913 Norris was de feated in the last election Christmas Cheer Fund Starts Last Half of Drive to Goal Preparations Made to Open Toy Shop for Eligible Parents STARS NEEDED l01 ClltKR FUXH GOAL 5nilOCll rnKvioisiv REPORTED NKW CONTRIDUTIONS T A dull Masun City odd rrtloHj and ld PFC Kmcry lillcbo 1 irC Uciiniiir tulo Viltraiii or V Ga of 11 r Duincs Girls I W C A nncresalionnl Wume Associated America Loral TK Luvrni llauscn Iafcc Touiurup Ouesu No Citizenship Glut Jo Anne Iull Thela Phi class Grace Kvanceli eil Church Women Calhulic Order or For esters Joseph F Kasik A M Cor Cliriui Tex IOJ11 Order of Moose Mason City NO Sausage Alchor Shrine Jso li Sweet Division nf IJiplisl Udiji Aid Home Unom IT Ilijl School Albert Zack Mrs C Smith has informed college presidents that selective service boards would be given instruc tions possibly this week for deferment of college students who are preparing for criti cal occupations Reliable sources who cannot lie c smith quoted by name said that details j swc idles of this program for deferment of I NO i these students who would tinue studies as civilians were being worked out now Tby said it would be impossible to es timate the number lhat would be affected It was indicated lhat the men lo receive deferment in prepara tion for critical occupations would be principally those studying medicine dentistry veterinary science and engineering FORECAST GOLD WAVE IN IOWA DES JlOtNES cold wave with temperatures sinking to zero to 10 below in North Iowa Thurs day night was forecast by the weather bureau in Chicago Thurs day In South Iowa the mercury is Brotherhood of Railroad Train rtiimbrrs t Stcsmrjtlcr roril Sylvia anil Xatr IrvinMn Raleigh Levmsoi Martha Missionary Sociflv of lm mannel Lutheran Church M A B ClausenWarden Unit No lili American Lejion Auxiliary TOBAVS CONTRIBlTIONS S IJJr TOTAL RAISED TO DATE SIftiJil5G is why it is being continued anil expanded on this year This special shop will be sihi J1 Nonh Fcdcra avenue in the space formerly occupied by the Culler rcudytowear stoic i mi The room is being donated by David Cutler of Waterloo The plan is to have the shop apcn on three days of next week Tuesday and Wednes the hours of l and 12 a m and and I oclock P m Parents will select their toys but in case of a special request made by a child which is not in stock the gill will be specially TOTAL NEEDED FOR E L I W ER E ON THE SEC OND HAL K ot that Christ mas Cheer F u n d asigu m e n t The goal is and i m 0 s i SI100 had been raised up lo Thurs day noon when the days list was brought to a close for re porting Six giving days remain in which lo bring in a bit more than S900 That means an average of a day Thats no easy lask but because this community has never fallen down before Christmas Cheer reaching oal ih the UJU5U III charge ol the administration of the fund arc proceeding on Uic assumption that there will be no failure this year Preparations have been completed for a TOY SHOP at which eligible parents will be invited to select gifts for thcir children Experience over the pisf five years lias revealed hat this shoppinc angle is one of the most satisfying benefits of the Christmas Cheer project That purchased Mrs II D lUakcevcr acted as purchasins asciit for the toy shop several days se lecting tiic toys and clothinjr lo be Riven at Christmas time On Monday Mrs W B Casey assisted by Mrs S C Dcyoc Mrs J W Kelly Mrs Hay Paulcv and Mrs r W Vorliics Mrs C E Dakin is Tuesdays chairmiin and he will be assisted by Mrs John Balfanz Mrs Jess Mathewman Mrs Harry Ditch Mrs Arthur Krager Mrs John Voungdalc and Mrs C Whitchcad On Wednesdays committee arc Mrs Floyd Johnson chairman Mrs Paul Loomis Mrs William Pelerson Mrs Makcever and Mrs H C Fisher You can be n participant in this magnificent program designed tn preclude EMPTY STOCKINGS in Mason City this Christmas morn ing by sending your cosh dona or Christmas cheer Fund Mason City Iowa OBSERVES ANNIVERSARY WATERLOO Pt Rev Msgr Edward J Dougherty pas tor of Sacred Heart Catholic church observed his fiftieth an niversary in iic priesthood Thurs day KEEMLE of Allies Deadly Deliberate By LOUIS F KEEM1K United Press War Analyst Hitlers position in Africa ap pears to be deteriorating rapidly now lhat the British eighth army has further disrupted the retreat ing Afrika koips f of Marshal Er win Rommel It has been obvious for some days Dial Kommel did not intend lo make a stand in Libya but was trying to escape into Tunisia to bol ster the last hold of the axis on the African continent Hitlers remaining hope is lo hang on lo the Tunisian coastal strip to protect Ihe southern flank of Europe from allied invasion There seems no present prospect that he has or can get sufficient forces into Africa trtake the ini itative again He is fighting a stnclly delaying action against allied odds which arc steadily mounting on land and in the air Allied strategy botli In Libya anil Tunisia is impressive be cause it is so deadly mid de liberate There has been no prccipilale action in either theater Gen Bernard L Mont gomery is moving ahead in IJbya according to plan as Ihe military phrase goes and he apparently has cut off a con siderable part of Rommels army which may never reach Tunisia In Tunisia also the allies are proceeding methodically Alter a setback in the Tebourba region they checked Germans and settled downfor a catandmouse game which will end when their supply facilities catch up with the unexpectedly rnpkl advance they made since the surprise landing on the west coast early in No vember Hitler has not been able to get reinforcements and supplies across the Mediterranean to outitialch the allies There is no indication that he will His tcKiporarv nir superiority appears lo have been overcome and that is hall tiic 1 battle won already I The position poses o terrific problem for Hitler U is vital for him lo hold a place in North Africa because its Joss would in evitably mean an allied invasion ot his European stronghold It has been widely suggested that Hitler might try lo save the situation by a diversional attack through Spain Turkey or across the eastern Mediter ranean However if he cannot muster enough power to match the allies In Africa it does not seem possible that he can find the force necessary for a sep arate venture His problem is complicated by the situation on the Russian front where he is mainly on the defen sive The Germans arc holding there and there is definitely no marked forward sweep bv tiic Russians Thatvery fact shows that while Hitler may have de plcted his air force in Russia to a certain exlcnt he still hiis no intention of pulling back lo Eur ope for the prcient Weather Report FORECAST MASON1 CITY Considerably cold er Thursday niglit and Friday forenoon Strong winds Lowest temperature 5 IOWA Cold wave with tempera lures falling to zero and 10 be low in north portion and near zero in south portion by KvicUiy morning strong winds gradual ly diminishing MINNESOTA Cold wave Thurs day afternoon and Thursday night with temperature falling to 10 to 15 below north portion and zero to 5 below soulh por tion by Friday morning Light to moderale snow Thursday afternoon and snow flurries Thursday night strong winds gradually diminishing IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Maximum Wednesday Minimum Wednesday night 17 At 8 a m Thursday 35 Precipitation sleet 02 inch The mercury went above freez ing Wednesday for the first time in 21 days The previous above freezing temperature was 38 on Nov 26 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 21 BRITISH REPORT BRILLIANT ACT BY FLANK MOVE Split Weary German Troops About 60 Miles West of El Agheila By EDWARD U BEATTIE LONDON British eighth army executing a brilliant flanking movement has cut the retreating Afrika korps in half about 80 miles west of El Agheila and British experts said Thursday lhat Marshal Erwin Rommels forces were in Ihe worst plight of any German army since 1D18 The blow fell on the weary retreating Germans and Italians Thursday at the little town of Wadi Matratin on the Gulf of Sirlc Advanced units of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys ciRlilh army swinging around he German flank reached the townand then raced soulh to cut off the path ot the enemy rctrcal Parl ot Ihe Afrika korps strag gled tin toward Tripoli The othet parl including armored units was trapped in a 20 mile area just east of Wadi Matratin and was fighting to break through Hie British lines Enemy troops already have suffered heavy casualties and con tinue lo be severely mauled1 said a middle eastern command com munique in describing the action The German high command communique did not concede that part of the Afrika korps was trapped but did admit that Rom mels forces continued their re treat westward M ff v Montgomerys thrust chanced the entirepicture inthe opinion of Britishmilitary experts fore the flanking movement they were reconciled lo a slow slog Kinff advance by Hie eighth army and were speculating on where Kommcl would Iry to make a stand between El Agheilii and Tripoli Thursday they were speculating on whether Hummel would he able o get any sizable portion ot his troops out or Libya and join forces with Col Gen Walther Nchring who commands an axis force defending northern Tunisia There no longer was talk of Rom mel attempting n stand anywhere east of Tripoli Military experts estimating Rommels prcspecls said they were the worst of any German army since the allies smashed the western front in the World war They pointed out that if the eighth army keeps the trap clamped around tiie portion of the Afrika korps near Wadi Malratin Rom mel may be reduced lo 15000 first imc fighters They will be under anattack and land pursuit on the road to Tripoli The experts said Rommel lost aoout onefifth cf his armor when the Bitisii broke through at El Abmcin mure tlian a month ago Since then Ihe read of retreat been littered with burned out Ceitnan lanks and vehicles and now another portion of Afrika korps mechanized equipment has been trapped at Warii Malralin Allied fighters and bombers shortly will be established at a base at Marble Arch west of Al AKhcila the British navy and iiAt are blanketing the ap proaches lo Tripoli and the solid main force of the eighth army is rollinjr across Trinoli tania Alililary men said latest victory would case the job of die allied army in Tunisia Had Iiommcl removed his Afrika korps out of Libya intact and joined it with Nolirings troops in Tunisia the axis would have a formidable loicc there Now Nchving appar ently must light with what he lias and what survivors of the Afrika korps escape the eighth army Allies on Move in Tunisia Front By JAMES M IOVG Associated Press War Editor The British eighth army has cut Marshal nommcls retreating Afri can corps columns in two along the road to Tripoli trapping arm ored formations which alreadv have suffered heavy casualties and continue to be severely mauled the British announced Thursday This blow was dealt to the Ast ern flank of the shrinking axis position in North Africa re ports from Hie western flankindi catcd that allied forces were on the move again there too The Morocco radio said axis forces were retreating from
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