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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 8, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVE DES VOIHE3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PfiESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WUIES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY DECEMBER 8 1942 Foe Wants to Know What Military Unit Fighters Are With Identifying Soldier With Military Outfit Enables Enemy to Learn Number and Position of American Forces By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Although news censorship is an area filled with possi bilities for heated controversy and widespread dissatisfac tion the one most vexingproblem so far as the office of censorship itself is concerned Is the practice of some news moie than a few of identifying boys in service with the names of their companies regiments ships or whatnot And when the enemy intelligence agents have this in they have most clever ways of getting it ithey are able to determine TIUS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION UIllU NO 51 DAKAR SHIPS JOIN ALLIES Nazis Thrown Back in Tunisia IJextent and disposition of Ameri Ijcan forces on all baltlefronts and Inn the home camps Its a simple of joining up the pieces of simple jigsaw puzzle This was the principal subject Jjof discussion at a conference ol pthe national advisory committee Ion censorship held in Washington iUast week and attended by this writer The meeting was called and presided over by Nat Howard of the office of censorship for Imerly editor of the Cleveland jNews but Byron Price director of the office sat in on the sessions 4 and closed the program with an U offtherecord report on the pro gram of voluntary censorship as viewed from his vantage point For the most part the program has been successful beyond all expectations according to both Mr Price and Mr HowardNews papers almost without exception have accepted the premise of the office of censorship that informa tion should be withheld which might make it easier for enemy to kill Americans the Departures from this rule have been few and far between and almost without exception they have bottomed on ignor ance of the rules or on the care lessness of some individual on a newspaper staff rather than on intent This is particularly true at those papers whichmake a The offenders along this line have been the smallest weeklies usually those to know about the tough realities of this war and it must not be subjected to such a blackout of news as now pervades totalitarian countries In its approach to this prob lem the government has followed consistently the democratic belief that American news columns and American broadcasting can remain the freest in the world and stiii keep vital information from the enemy After the allday conference on censorship the writer spent a full day on Capitol Hill visiting Iowas senators and several of the lower house delegation In the afternoon he sat in for two hours on a senate session at which the bill having to do uith the Panama canal was the subject of prolonged debate and tedious roll calls From various positions in the senate gallery one could look down upon and spot most of the better known members Iowas two Herring any Gillette Vanden berg ofMichigan Taft of Ohio Norris of Nebraska Connolly of Texas McCarron of Nevada Brooks and Lucas of Illinois Shipstead and Ball of Minnesota Capper of Kan sas fornia Byrd of Virginia lette of Wisconsin Hiram Johnson of Cali Tydings of Maryland LaFol Clark rf Missouri Chan Gurney and Nye Dakotas Mrs Carawayrofr Ajrkansasj etc Vice PresidentWallacewas not in the chair Neither the supreme court nor the lower house of congress was in session although the writer en which do not hold membership in joyed a tour of inspection through press associations By constant the palatial building housing the US BRITISH TANKS GAIN IN TEBOURBAAREA Increased Air Activity by Allies Reported in Libya Mediterranean BULLETINS ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA allied tank counterattack has thrown the enemy back from po sitions he had gained Sunday in the Tebourba area 20 miles west of Tunis a headquarters com munique said Tuesday The ground action in the bitterly contested southwestern corner of t li e Tunisian trianele w a s supported by light bombers and fighters which repeatedly as saulted the axis forces LONDON broadcast by Radio Morocco heard here interpreted increased allied air activity in Libya and over the Mediterranean as a sign that a British offensive against the axis line at Affheila would start very soon By JAMES M LONG Associated Press War Editor A battle in which the axis appeared to be making a supreme effort to hold on to Tu nisian bases thundered on in its third day Tuesday with the vet eran British first army and American shock troops withstand ing the onslaught in a horseshoe position Te bonrba The Algiers radioreported that behind the horseshoe line which bore the brunt of nazi divebomb ing Lieut Gen Kenneth A N repetition in bulletins and i meetings press associations have dinned the importance of this matter into their members but no effectiveway has yet been evolved for reaching the small nonmem bers New methods for dealing with the problem were discussea nnd I the weeks just ahead will prob ably see a steppedup attempt to bring offending publications into line A continuation of the prac tice which playsinto he hands of enemy agents means in its practi cal effect helping to kill Americas own boys it must be concluded Since all who can open their mail and read have been notified their responsibilities along this line under the censorship code the time is come when in the eyes pi those charged with administer ing the code ignorance can no longer be accepted as a defense About half of the time of the conference was devoted to a con sideration of this problem and the remainder was given over to a variety of items incident to making censorship effective as a weapon of war Mr Price formerly second in command of the Associated Press never passes up an opportunity to make it clear that censorship is a necessary evil of wartime and that under no circumstances should it be continued when the emergency is past Censorship Mr Priee lias stated is a military weapon To regard it in any other light or to use it in any other fash ion would result in travesty The binding link between the operations of censorship and the operations of our armed forces should never be forgot ten nor should any censor be permitted to forcct that he is dealing simply and solely with the processes of war Censorship is neither a guard ian of private morale nor n snooper into the violations of peacetime lawsEvery member of our staff keeps constantly be fore him this basic principle What docs not concern the war does not concern censorship Striking the right balance be tween keeping the American pub lic sufficiently informed without keeping the enemy too well in formed about our part in the war is a problem confronting the press of America In this connection the office of censorship is guided by the principle that the requests for suppression must not be so re strictive as to keep the American people in ignorance of the prog ress of the war In a democracy Mr picc has aid the public is entitled to cs Bscntial information It is entitled ng housing the nations highest tribunal For the ultimate in crowds since Balcony Benny has quit assembling his audiences on a compulsory basis in Italy Wash ingtons broad avenues between the hours of 4 and 6 oclock would have to be seriously con sidered Abraham Lincoln wouldnt know the place Nor Woodrow Wilson for that matter But at that everybody seemed to have quite a fair idea which way he was headed with less of confusion than would be expected from such a conglomerate assem bly incident to the biggest Job any government in the history of civi lization was ever called upon to perform Kidnaped Baby Home Again Ten months old Daniel kidnaped in Columbus Ohio at gunpoint Oct 12 was back in the arms of his mother June Scanlon 17 after his safe recovery by the FBI at Portsmouth Ohio Five Iltintington W Vsi residents including two women were charged in the abduction was massing assault carry the attack on Jailed on Charge of Buying Stolen Tires SAC CITY Brown of Schaller Iowa Monday was fined S500 and sentenced to six months in jail after pleading guilty to charges of purchasing stolen tires He was paroled in care of Sheriff James Cafferty BOB HOPE ARRIVES DES MOINES of the Womens A v m y Auxiliary Corps greeted Bob Hope radio and film comedian who arrived in Des Moines to prepare his radio show for the WAACs Tuesday night Thats the first time I ever saw a second lieutenant with a slip showing Hope commented Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Light snow Tues day afternoon warmer Tuesday afternoon and colder Wednes day forenoon Lowest tempera ture about 10 degrees IOWA Occasional very west and north light lions Tuesday afternoon and early Tuesday night Nol quite so cold in east portion and some what colder in extreme west portion Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Occasional light snow Tuesday afternoon and east central portions Tuesday night colder southwest and cen tral portions Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 20 Minimum Monday night 11 At 8 s in Tuesday 20 YEAR AGO Maximum 45 Minimum 23 Anderson forces to against Bizerte and Tunis when adequate air support had been es tablished On the Russian front the Germans kept desperately to their counterattacks but a so viet communique declared In no sector did the enemy suc ceed in reKaininff positions he had lost or in improving his Position in any way Heavy snowfall hampered the red armys drive but the Russians reported killing 3000 more nazis recapturing two more villages on the Rzhev front and gaining ground elsewhere along the battle line from Leningrad to the Cau casus In Libya aerial activity in creased indicating perhaps that the British eighth army soon would open an offensive against the El Agheila line on the road to Tripoli from the cast Fighter bombers attacked nazi gun positions northeast of the El Agheila line nnd strafed Ibc coastal supply road along the Gulf of Sirte Other allied planes raided Bizerte and LaGouIcUe nine miles cast of Tunis bynighl and followed up with daylight at tacks on the harbor al Sfax and German rail lines in Tunisia In Tunisia too allied planes were reported taking an in creasing part in the battle as they slowly overcame their ear lier handicap of lack of ad vanced bases The Algiers radio said fighter planes were gun nine axis forces but that the al lied lines slill were being pounded hard by German bombers On the Russian front hard pressed German forces were re ported taking advantage of recent heavy snow in the Stalingrad area to strengthen their defense posi tions along the escape corridor west of the city Parents of Drowning Victim Make Donation Don Yule Savings Fund Becomes a Memorial 1941 CIIEEn FUND GOAL PREVIOUSLY REPORTED VEIV COXTBintJTIOXS n Memory of non Rogers Jrcup 7 Ctmjrreeational Churctj East Stale Street Club Junior Department Congrega tional Sunday School TrJiily B i O Circle Friendly Ncijlibors Club Rock Mel fronmUexter Auxiliary Kilmer Club M A and B N A Rock Falls II K O Club Allens T street north east TOTAL HA1SCI TO DATE TOTAL NEEDED FOR GOAL tou 4110 If you are one of the many who plan to give to the Christmas Cheer Fund but havent got around to it as yet this little story may help to swing you into at once It has to do with Don Rogers a Mason City youth of high school age who last Easter met death along with his comrade Dan Zack in the waters of Winnebago river above the Decker packing plant of the local banks At the time o his tragic death it had grown to S5 Monday afternoon a sister of the lad came info the GlobeGazette newsroom bearing a Christmas club check in red and green printing and with candle and hollj decoration st one end It was drawn out in the amoun S5 and across the back was this I indorsement Pay to Christmas Cheer Fund in Memory of Doi 10 i Rogers Signed M S Rogers jjini We couldnt think of a mor memorial In Don UK sister observed DS she turned ova the gift Don wns the son of Mr and Mrs Merle Rogers 214 Ninll street northwest Mr Rogers employed at the Decker packing TUNISIA AERIAL BATTLE LOOMS IN IMPORTANCE May Determine Air Superiority Over All of Europe Arnold Says WASHINGTON fP L i e u t Gen Henry H Arnold command ing general of the army air forces said Tuesday that it was touch and go whether the allies or the Germans had air superiority over North Africa where he said a battle may develop which almost certainly will determine aerial su premacy over the Mediterranean and possibly over all of Europe Talking al a press conference Arnold said the army nir forces had gained at least equality in ev ery theater except North Africa and had assumed the offensive ev erywhere tf In North Africa he said the Germans are feverishly en deavoringto build up a superi ority before we can gather our strength At present it is touch and go as to ivho is the stronger In siime sections we are in oth ers they are V V V Arnold said the problem was in tensified for the allied air forces commanded by Major Genera James H Doolittle because of the long supply 3000 miles from hat the allied combat bul that the allied command did nol believe it was possible for the axis to meet for long the increasing strength pfiaUied air forces with outassigning the buliPof allGer man airpowcr to the Mediterran ean Here in Africa we are up against a cross section of the whole German aerial said might Arnolc plant Well eood friends theres the story Don Rogers in Itfc had Riven to this Christmas Cheer Fund cause Don Kogers in death gives to it The fund this year is dedicated to the proposition that there shall be rio Empty Stockings in Mason City this Christmaslide Isnt that a cause to which YOU Don and Dan were two of he I would like to lend vour financial communitys finest lads The support large or small tragedy which claimed their lives threw Mason City into a profound sorrow Just a year ago Don started i Christmas savings account nt one Address your gifts to Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa Spains Neutral Position Appears to Be Unchanged MADRID Francisco Uveen the warring powers told ll1 Spain I Franco asserted however that liberal propaganda had been able to conceal the fact that Tuesday that the capitalist and liberal world is doomed and that the wars end will soon bring a final solution to all great prob lems London observers reported Finally he truth must hc Were opclalin I A11UH1 llt bttlU llUin mUSl ln plht IhfMfVC rtf xnifnr were no essential differ 1 there I ences between German masses Out of this may come the bit air battle which almost certain will determine the supremacy in the air over the Mediterranean and possibly will determine acria supremacy over Europe Arnold said thai without any intent to disparage the skill of Japanese flyers or the quality of their equipment he could re port that the American air men were meeting a firstclass air power for the first time when they tangled with the Germans The Japanese arc Rood he said but 1 dont think there is anyone who does not believe that the Germans are a harder nut to crack Arnold said the armys Lock heed P38 pursuit plane a twin engined high speed highaltitude fighter armed with a 37milli meter cannon and several ma chine guns was getting its firs real test in North Africa In North Africa for the firs lime they have been able to gc into combat with German planes both Mcsscrschmitt 109s an FockcWulf IDOs Si far the have done fairly wcl in some instances Arnold praised highly the com bat record of the air forces tw heavy bombers the Boeing Bl flyingfortress and the Consoli dated B24 liberator One rccen raid by nine on an oil re finery at Bangkok Thailand h saici involved a round trip considerably more than 200 miles something of a record eve for this war All returned safely During the past year Arnol said the army nir forces hav been on the upgrade in spite o that Francos address appeared to I prevail be designed carefully to maintain T Spain s neutral position These The moment at which the Scat problems vill be solved is quarters said Franco had adI no longer distanf IVhcn the war vancccl no indications of any ends and general demobilization trying 10 clear OL invaders On the central front west of Moscow the Russians reported forging ahead after beating off successive German counterat tacks The two villages the Russians reported recapturing near Rzhev were described as centers of nazi resistance Near Veleki Luki the Germans cap tured one little village in seesaw fighting but lost it again as the Russian attack rolled on Buy Uar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy world and he called j God has helped us on our way 1SpaTrdS to and with God we will be vic trate themselves on the great I torious events of Europe j Francos address had Reveals 0 Ships at Toulon Intact WASHINGTON if Navy Knox reported Tuesday liat of 75 French ships of all ypes in Toulon harbor when the moved in 20 apparently left intact 51 were sunk or amaged or are now unaccounted or and four escaped The vessels of which at least may be re three battle ships the Dunkcrquc Stras bourg and Provence he said The vessels classified by the navy here as afloat and appar ently intact included two light cruisers three destroyer loaders hree destroyers four submarines wo gunboats one demilitarized battleship and 5 tankers Those which escaped as had been previously known were four submarines The information given out by inox at a press conference was jasecl on aerial reconnaissance of he French harbor at Toulon Vichy reports previously had said the whole fleet there had been scuttled by theFrench The num ber was estimated at more than 60 A memorandum issued to re porters showed in addition to the hree battleships numerous ves sels were in some condition ot damage frpnv cither demolition or other methods ot scuttling The memorandum said of mer chant shipping that the vessels in Ihe harbor included five tankers and that the only merchant ship which appeared to have suffered was a 270foot vessel which ap parently sank v Xo fires were seen burning on land and no destruction to land installations was apparent it was reported and military magazines at the village of Mil hand in the vicinity of the port and storage tanks were described as intact Knox was asked whv German controlled sources apparently had fostered the impression abroat that all the French ships excep those known to have escaped were scuttled He said that uas a point which had greatly interested him and the only explanation he had thought of was that possibly the Germans actually thought at first that all the ships actually were put out of action Ktiox Tabulates Ships at Toulon WASHINGTON WA memo randum issued by Secretary Knox gave fins account of what hap pened to the various types of French warships when the Ger mans occupied Toulon and French officers and seamen tried to scut tle their vessels Damaged by demolition or open ing of the seacocks or other means Three battleships Five cruisers Fifteen destroyer leaders Eleven destroyers One seaplane carrier Two gunboats One net layer Three submarines of which one was definitely listed as sunk TOTAL 41 VESSELS Unaccounted for Eight submarines which may hove been sunk or otherwise dis posed of One demilitarized also was scuttled battleship Counting the demilitarized bat tieship this makes a grand total of 50 warships sunk damaged or missing in eight theaters ot warfare Transformation from weakness to strength while fighting a war he Ships apparently afloat and in tact Two light cruisers Three destroyer leaders Three destroyers Four submarines under con Two gunboats BOISSON GIVES FULL USE OF FRENCH PORT Eisenhower Announces French District Placed Under Darlan Order By C R CUNNINGHAM ALLIED NORTH AFRICAN HEADQUARTERS siz able portion ot the French fleet and the French merchant marine oined the cause of the united na ions Tuesday as Pierre Boisson governorgeneral of French west Africa came to a definite agree nent with Gen Dwight D Eiscn lower allied commander in chief The agreement turned the strategic port of Dakar on the western bulge of Africa closest to South America with its dominance of the south Atlan tic over to the united nations for naval uses West African airdromes were included The number of French war ships and merchant ships in Da car harbor was nol known here but they were believed to in clude the 35000 ton battleship Richelieu completed in 1940 three 7600 ton cruisers Gloire Mont calm and George Leygucs three 2563 ton destroyers Fan tasQuc Malin and Terrible 12 submarines three mine sweepers 10 corvettes other light vessels and a large number of merchant ships Eisenhower in announcing the agreement said Hie details in volving the future employment of these formidable fighting and merchant fleets would be worked out in conferences at Dakar An United States military mis sion was leaving for Dakar at once towork out these plans Boissons readiness to collab orate with the united nations which he proclaimed early in the n o r t li African campaign was sealed formally by Eisen hower in a special announce ment The American commander said French west Africa would permit the united nations to use its air fields for the transit of allied planes from the United Stales and its port facilities lie said allied shipping interned in west Africa would be released immediately under the agreement and that any united nations in tcrnccs would be freed The future of the French fleet units at Dakar was not made clear in the announcement which said further conferences would be held E i s e n h o wcrs announcement said The allied commanderinchicf in north Africa announced Tues day that the governorgeneral of west Africa M Boissons has agreed to collaboration with the united nations in the prosecution of the war against the axis Tile govcrnorE c n c r a 1 of French west Africa proclaimed his purpose of achieving full cooncration with the high com missioner of French north Africa Admiral Darlan by placing himself definitely under the orders of tile latter Important points in tiic co operative effort to be undertaken by French west Africa arc the use ot airfields for transiting al lied planes and the use of port facilities by the allied navies Allied shipping held in west Africa is to be released at once as will also any internees of the united nations Details involving the future employment of French naval units and snipping area to be developed later in conferences at Dakar This is the phraseology fre quently employed by Adolf Hitler to describe his proposed nazi new order in Europe Franco said that he believed there is no difference between what the masses of the people in Germany and in England think In this statement Franco ap been awaited with interest because ofj the possibility cited by military observers that Adolf Hitler might march through Spain for a back door attack on Gibraltar and pos sibly an attack from the rear on the allies in Africa through Span ish Morocco In London Francos onthefcnce policy was regarded as all to the 3 ab all 10 me peaied to be cmphasizins Spains good in so far as it relieved any I tlrtC if inll 11 il neutral position between the bel ligcrents and her possible avail ability as an intermediary bc threat of an attack on the vilal Mediterranean communica lions lines merchant ship was listed as ap parently sunk and five tankers I were listed as apparently undam aged GRAND TOTAL 75 SHIPS ty Christmas Seals i False Alarm Leads Firemen to Real Fire INDIANAPOLIS UR Eight fire trucks responded to a false alarm at an Indianapolis hotel A fire which broke out in an apart ment building across the street two minutes after their arrival was extinguished quickly Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGarcltc will be carrier boy JAMES SMITH IS KILLED BY TRAIN Pioneer Cresco Farmer Was Struck From Behind N Smith 79 pioneer farmer of Howard county was killed here Tuesday when struck by the caslbound Milwau kee passenger train The train was due at 1 oclock bul was pull ing into the station late and struck Mr Smith from behind Mr Smith was retired and seemingly was walking toward the downtown district fror his home here a short distance west of the railroad station He is survived by three sons and thice daughters including Mrs Helen Lanz who kept housa fcr him E L Bradley and Son Cresco in charge of funeral
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