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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 27, 1942, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C S PAT TUC NT GF HI3TOHY A N 3 A rt C K I V E MO IKES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FKIDAY NOVEMBER 27 1942 THIS 1APEH CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION MDI FRENCH SCUTTLE FLEET AS NAZIS TAKE TOULON TIGHTEN JAWS OF SOVIET TRAP AT STALINGRAD New Red Offensive From Moscow Reaches 100 Miles From Latvia By ROGER D GREENE Associated Tress War Editor The jaws of allied traps squeezed tighter around the axis on two great battlefronts Thurs day Stalingrad and Tunisia while the arm of a big new soviet offensive from Moscow reached out to a point only IQO miles Irom the Latvian frontier A Berlin broadcast acknowl edged that massive Russian tank forces had achieved a fairly deep penetration of German defense lines norihcast of Mos cow with the Russians striking simultaneously in the Vclikic Lulu region 265 miles west of Moscow and near the hie nazi base at Bzhev Rzhev is135 miles northwest of Moscow On the flaming Stalingrad front chaotic fighting raged across the lifelines ot Hitlers imperilled siege armies and latest reports indicated that the fastwheeling red armies were now driving back from the west to strike at the in rear Citing the capture of seven towns in the Don river bend so viet headquarters announced In this sector they Red army troops threw remaining enemy units on to the eastern banks of the river Don This apparently meant that the Russians nowwere actually driving tlte Germans back to ward Stalingrad tightening tile nnose after cutting off all but a 20mile avenue of escape Official soviet dispatches snid Marshal Semcon Timoshenkos eightdayold offensive had rolled up a tally of 115600 axis troops hilled or captured and possibly 150000 others were wounded a grand total of 265600 knocked out of action Russian reports said the red armies had already severed many if not a large majority of all roads of supply and escape and were pinning the estimated 300000 sur vivors of the axis siege armies into a 45niilewidc strip between the Don and the Volga Frontline dispatches said liiat the battle swirling across the frozen steppes was so confused it was impossible to define the line clearly but reported that in some places the Russian offen sive had sained such momentum the fleeing Germans were orer whelmed before they could burn i planes on airfields i Overnight the Stalingrad garri jscn struck out at German troop jStill holding positions in the ruined city recapturing four large jblocks in the northern factory sec Hi on and killing 950 nazis WOMEN 21 TO 44 Read the U S Armys Message on Page 2 SUBMARINES MOORED AT TOULON 4 CHILDREN DIE IN FIRE Trapped in Bedroom of Minneapolis Home MINNEAPOLIS UR F o it r childrcn perished Friday beneath a bed where they had crawled in an attempt to escape the fire which swept their home Their father Clifford Patter son was away from home when thc fire broke out in the attic but their mother managed to get their four brothers and sisters to safety The dead were Mary Jane 4 Geraldine 5 Clifford Jr 7 and Olive 12 Olive ran out of the burning house safely but her mother sent her back in a futile attempt to save her smaller brothers and sis ters Firemen said the children were suffocated by the heavy smoke which filled he bedroom where they were trapped by thc flames Patterson a railroad worker said he had moved his family here from Milwaukee last month FRENCH BATTLESHIP DUNKERQUE Weather Report Casualties in Navy Reach 17252 Total WASHINGTON navys losses in killed wounded or miss ing since Pearl Harbor totals 17 252 officers and men Up to Nov 15 the navy department reported Thursday night the navy marine corps and coast guard casualties mounted to 4929 dead 2 157 wounded and 10160 missing as a result of war operations in all parts of the world FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Friday afternoon Friday night and Sat urday forenoon Low tempera ture Friday night Mason City 1 IOWA Occasional light snow and warmer Friday night and Satur day forenoon MINNESOTA Warmer Friday night and Saturday forenoon Occasional light snow Saturday forenoon beginning west and south portions Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Max Thursday 20 above Min Thursday night 4 above At 8 a m Friday 8 above YEAR AGO Maximum 54 Minimum 17 Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy M F R TO NAME COURT JUSTICE May Turn to Congress for Byrnes Successor WASHINGTON Koosevelts announcement that he planned to fill a supreme court vacancy soon received speculation Friday that he might turn to con gress for a successor to James F Byrnes who resigned his associate to become economic justiceship director The two leading congressional candidates for the place were be lieved to be senate Democratic Leader Barkley of Kentucky and Senator Brown who sponsored the economic stabiliza tion bill and who was defeated for reelection by Judge Homer Fer guson Detroit republican Barkley had thc backing of many of his colleagues who signed a petition lo the president m his behalf but Brown was said to have thc support of Senator Morris whose rec ommendations on court appoint ments have carried considerable weight in the past Norns himself also defeated in the Nov 3 election lias been mentioned as a possible appointee but has told friends he would not accept because of his advanced age 81 CHILDREN CAUSE FIPE DES MOINES Fire Marshal John Strohm said that apparently stricter parental sup ervision is needed to halt a wave of fires set by children Strohm said 16 fires have been caused m Iowa by children under years of age since Oct 1 11 PATRIOTISM IN Battle Nazis FRANCE ALIVEtoGetTime HITLER SHOWS Fuehrer Considers French Army Navy Hostile to Germany By JOHN EVANS NEW YORK certi fied by word and deed Friday to French patriotism and showed he considered the French army and navy hostile to thc invading Ger mans Old Marshal Petain said by thc ua chief to have tak en uu part in these activities against Germany hut Admiral Jean Darlau Pctains former Tighthand man and political heir was on record as asserting thc marshal really favored the allies Darlan has said Petain acted jindcr duress ill appealing vainly for the Frcnth in North Africa to resist American forces there The 62 warships at Toulon were scuttled while Germans and Italians were occupying by force this greatest ot French navnl baser French troops the Germans said fired upon them Hitler in a letter to Petain as serted he line proof that French to Sink Ships LONDON naval harbor of Toulon where accord ing to Vichy accounts thc French fleet was scuttled is a scene of utter desolation with all thc nificent ships or the French navy i lyiiii on their sides and with dense clouds of smoke rising from them1 said a Vichy broadcast I nday that was recorded by Reu ters News Agency The Germans said part of the Heel svas scutllcd V Tlic maritime prefecture the posloffice ami the town hall fell quickly inttt thc hamls of thc Get m a troops who swarmed in Uiroujrh the w s from ladders placed against the walls said thc ra dio account A column of German tanks and armored tars entered the ar senal by the Casligncau gate and dashed full speed lo the Milhaud docks where the battleship Stras bourg was moored Another German motorized column brought soldiers armed with Tommy guns to thc Vauban basin in which the battleship Dunkerque was undergoing re pairs in front of which the cruis ers Foch Algcric Ducjucsnc and Jean clc Viennc together with a nd Corvettes were moored thc can and British forces tried to land there This might refer to Admiral DaiInns Nov 12 broadcast from allied headquarters in Africa in which thc admiral asked thc fleet to join thc allies But there are two reasons why it might mean that retain or high French military authorities in France gave the order specifically avoided fiivinp an order and throughout has limited his authority to North Africa at American head quarters knew very well that the Americans and British were not trying to land at Toulon and so far as known there was nothing in Darlans broadcast that filled Hitlers specifications of an or der If he referred to the broad cast he was revealing nothing i as all other ships In the harbor ami the French coastal batteries blew themselves up On sonic ships preparations for the scuttliiiB were not iuilc ready so the sailors opened fire on the Germans lo keep them off until thc explosions wrecked the ships and probably would tioned Darlan have men Hegardless of Hitlers stamp of approval on Marshal Petain it is possible that Darlau was right in sayinj the marshal favored thc ies It mav be that Hitler sensed wide general civil and military revolt in France and sought to avoid it by paying lip service to the aaed marshal hon ored as a soldier and as an up right man even by many of those who condemn him politically as having sacrificed French honor and French interests Darlau cains something from Hitlers sudden seizure of Tou lon which he promised to leave in French hands Dartau appears more clearly as being honestly in favor of American entrance info Africa because as commanclcrinchicf of thc navy he appears to represent thc navys hatred of Germany ai shown liy the scuttling of llic fleet as the Germans approached His loss of his nationality at the hands of Vichy Friday also adds something to that picture In sinking the fleet thc French navy obeyed Darlan in keeping it out of German hand All captains stood the Se until their ships sank Most uj mem lost their lives There was absolutely nothing left of the complicated and prec ious material stored in the naval arsenal PAPER IS SUSPENDED BLOOMFIELD Former buue Representative N E Guern sey has announced suspension of publication of the Milton Iowa Herald which he edited New Commander of All France BLASTS SHAKE HARBOR CREWS SHOW HEROISM LONDON UP The pride of the French battle fleet headed by the 26 500 ton Strasbourg was blown up and scuttled in Toulon harbor Friday ac cording to French reports to prevent it falling into the hands of Adolf Hitler Havas dispatches broadcast by the Vichy radio revealed that the Strasbourg was blown up with a mighty explosion when nazi forces acting on Hitlers ordersscrapped the last vestige of the FrancoGer man armistice and raced into Tou lon Friday The example set by the Strasbourg crewpresumably at the cost of many of their own liveswas followed quick ly by the other ships of the French ar mada which lay in Toulon harbor It appeared that while Hitlers sud den maneuver had kept the French fleet out of allied hands it had also de nied him any hope of using the ships himself The Havas dispatches reported the ships now lie sunken at their anchorages in the debris filled Toulon Harbor The action of thc French crews apparently sent to the bottom the greatest naval tonnage which had been scuttled since the day that thc German crews of the impcria navy sank their ships at Scupa Flow lather than allow them to be turned over to the allies at the end of the first World war In Toulon at last reports were battleships Strasbourg Dunkerque and Provence seven cruisers a seaplane carrier 2o destroyers and 27 submarines AH 01 these ships according to the Havas reports were sunk by their crews while nazi bombers roared over the harbor droppingmagnetic mines flares and bombing the harbor fortifications moment were Report Totql of 62 French Fleet Units Sunk at Toulon GERD VOX KUNDSTEDT of All France FRENCH BATTLESHIP PROVENCE FRENCH CRUISER FRENCH DESTROYER Some of the ships attempted to make a ut it was not believed any succeeded imokc rising from them The courase of thc sailors o French fleet was emulated by their comrades ashore mannm the coastal defense batteries When they saw that resistance not hold off the German at tack they spiked their guns and blew up the macazines Some of Ihc French crews finding that their ships could not be scuttled due to repairs in their own Runs on each other smashing and damairiiiK the warships so they would be useless to the Germans At nightfall Friday night the f rcnch reports aid the ships still lay oluzrnR and tlic dull boom of   

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