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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 23, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP OEPARTUfHT OF HISTOfiY ANO ASCHIVC5 DCS WO I HES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITYTlOWA MONDAY THIS PAPER COXSISTS OV TWO SECTIONS ONE ijp ittTlONS ONE NO 38 DAKAR SWINGS TO SIDE OF DARLAN RedArmies Surge Forward to Don Bend BLAST HITLERS HOPE OF VOLGA LINE IN WINTER Russians Push Mighty Drive as Attention of Nazis Is Divided By JAMES M LONG Associated Press War Editor Russian armies striking in Stalingrads avenging hour surged deeper into German positions Monday on two sides of the ruined Volga cityin a mighty offensive which has reached the Don bend 5Q mjles west of Stalingrad cost the nazis more than 28 000 dead and captured and dynamited Hitlers hopes of a winter line on the Volga On the second front in North Africa American British and French forces were closing the trap on axis troops in Bizerte and Tunis with fighlimj de scribed officially as growing heavier while in Libya the British eighth army smashed Marshal Rommels rear guard back from Anedaois and pur sued them toward El Agheila 70 miles away Heuters reported in London that the Morocco radio said the veteran British first army which has American and French supporting units had launched a big attack against the whole perimeter of the Open Attack on Bizerte Tunis units had 1 i against the Grim Winter for Nazis Promised by Russian Drive LONDON British sources said Monday that the British government has received word from Russia that the red army offensive already is a major drive of proportions which promise srim winter for nazis The information was described as encouraging An observer pointed out that the axis had been defeated in its hope of winnine an almost im pregnable position in Europe from the Mediterranean to the Black sea and attributed this in creat part to extremely heavy German armored losses in Rus sia The 15th and 21st panzer di visions have to all intents been annihilated except for a few lucky fragments Tiic 13th and 23d divisions were decimated in the battle of Ordzhonikidze in the foothills of the Caucasus mountains Three more divisions suffered extremev heavy cas ualties in the latest Russian drive at Stalingrad BizerteTunis defenses and lhat prisoners already were beinc nrniiaht in to brought in With Germanys attention di j UllVJltlUK II vided the Russians uncorked their biggest scale onslaught of the year In three days it reversed the pic ture on the eastern European front The Russians wrested the initiative breached German hold ing positions north and south of Stalingrad and drove in two great wedges which severed nazi supply lines and menaced rail the ll whole German salient into Stalin grad if A midday communique saiil that overnight the Russians continued to move forward in the twin drives announced Sun day night in a special war bul letin X This was the pattern of the pin cers attack German holding positions north west of Stalingrad were haltered for an hour in a sudden terrific artillery barrage and Russian tanks and riflemen mashed through the nazi trench lines on an 18milewidc front In three days the red army reached and occupied Kalach on the east bank of the Don river 50 miles west of Stalingrad and the rail line station Krivo muzginskaya a few miles southeast of Kalach A second spearhead of Marshal S e m e o n Timoshenkos army blasted its way through a 13mile wide gap in the German lines south of Stalingrad and won posi ierov These two jaws of the Rus sian trapthus wcrc within 30 miles o closing behind Stalin PALERMO TRAPANI AGHEILA ERGH MARADA U S Casualties in Africa 1910 erad and bitingoff the gains of the costliest weeks ot Hitlers 1942 offensive The Russians placed German losses from the Russian attacks at some 15000 killed and more than 13000 captured with the toll still mounting Seven enemy divisions includ ing one tank division were re ported completely routed and heavy losses were said to have been inflicted upon seven other infantry divisions two tank divi sions and two motorized infantry divisions AGREE ON PLAN FOR MARTINIQUE Parley With Roberts Is Reported by Hull WASHINGTON of Slate Hull said Monday that a satisfactory agreement covering all French possessions in the west ern hemisphere had been reached with Admiral Robert French high commissioner on Martinique As a result of the agreement Hull said there was not likely to be any necessity for American oc cupation of the French Caribbean possessions The secretary of state made it Clear that the agreement was reached with Admiral Robert as the ultimate French authority in the Caribbean entirely indepen dent of the Vichy government in France The agreement did not imply Hull replied to questions that the French possessions were sign ing any declaration of member ship in the united nations when asked at his press conference about London reports that he French West Indies and French Guiana had joined the united nations He said the negotiations leading to the agreement applied only to the Caribbean situation Hull told his press conference the new agreement covered all French possessions in the western hemisphere including French Guiana In effect he said it was a re newal of the agreement originally made in 1940 with Admiral Rob ert with important additions and modifications Doris Duke Receives as She Reaches 30th Birthday SOMERVILLE N J Duke Cromwells millions finally ftn Ofel A IIC iheiress passed her 30th birthday Sunday and thus came into an other install ment ot the 530000000 legacy from the estate of her father James Duko tobacco tycoon REPORT MADEQN FIRST LANDINGS Most of Those Missing Are Believed Drowned WASHINGTON army announced Monday that American casualties during the initial land ings in ATorth Africa were esti mated at 1910 killed wounded and missing A communique said Lieut Gen Dwight D Eisenhower reported that he was not yet able to obtain a careful confirmation of the cis uallics most of which occurred in the capture of Orai blanca i and Casa Very few men were lost in the operations around Algiers The total the army said was made up of 350 killed 900 wounded and 350 missing in the army and 10 killed 150 wounded and 150 missing from the navy Most of those reported missing the army said probably were drowned Army officers said the casualty ALLIES SLOWLY CLOSING NOOSE ONJAPSINBUNA Sink Nippon Destroyer in Air Battle Aussies Are Nearing Buna GENERAL MacARTHUUS HEADQUARTERS Australia and Australian air men plunged inlo balllc against the Japanese forces making a des perate last stand on the beaches of the Buna area in northeastern Aew Guinea Sunday and when the smoke cleared they had sunk one destroyer destroyed lil ene my planes and smashed two small landing boats in addition to giv ing Japanese ground iroops a daylong strafing The Japanese were fighting hack bitterly from their pre carious Positions on the coastal strip between Buna and Gomi with every weapon at their command but the allied noose was slowly drawingtifrht The destroyer sunk by bomb ers apparently was trying to land troops at Buna to aid the be sieged Japanese forces there and official reports mentioned the possibility that troops may actual ly have been landed before the sinking H o w eve r a spokesman at headquarters said the destroyer was not operating with four other Japanese destroyers believed to have been sent to reinforce the Buna garrison This destroyer tilla was steaming to the north west when last seen lie said Moving in after the allied fly ers had subjected Japanese ground positions to a terrific pounding American and Austra lian troops captured a new land ing strip at Buna from the enemy Other allied forces wcrc re ported attacking the Buna mission one mile from Buna and the main lauding field on the outskirts of the village The Australians after attack ing Japanese positions at Gona 12 1uuveu JLS rising Jmles up the coast from Buna might m attacks from Burma to furiously for several days were the Yangtze valley believed to have advanced closer to their objective but the exact situation there was obscure Twelve Japanese divebombers escorted by 20 zero fighters ap peared over the forward allied positions Sunday morning but they wcrc intercepted by allied planes and flew back to their Sink Large Japanese Ship at Haiphong By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A large Japanese ship reported to be cither an aircraft carrier or a 12000 to 15000ton transport was sunk Sunday by American bkyDragons of the China com mand in a terrific attack on Hai phong FrenchIndoChina cli maxing a weekend in which al aV Power proved its rising The Haiphong raid was an nounced Monday in a communi que from the headquarters of Brig Gen Claire L Channault commander of the China air task force It said immense fires en veloped the entire waterfront of the port through which Ihe Japa nese are believed to be sending supplies inland for an attack upon Yunnan Province China from IndoChina and Burma Sunday and again Sunday night British bombers blasted the Japa neseheld port of Akyab across the Bay o Bengal from Calcutta and attacked airfields and river total covered only the period between the first landing operations Nov and the cessation of hostilities between the Americans and the French in Morocco and Algiers Nov 12 No estimate has been received they said of the American casualties in the campaign to extend the occupation to elsewhere in Burma The attacks followed up other weekend assaults in which the largest squadron of United States bombers ever sent into the air from Indian bases joined the RAF m heavy bombings of Rangoon Mandalay and Toungoo without the loss of a air c paign irr the cc land sea and North America itcd with the sank the Japai all other types gaged in fight attacks and bin ground position bases at Lac and Salamaua leav ing a number of smoking wrecks of planes behind Including the victims in the divebomber for mation and planes destroyed on the ground allied airmen wrecked 19 enemy planes Sunday for the loss of only one fighter The air command made the air opponents A 25 was cred ct hit which iff enemy air the Japanese Fight Fierce but Allies Are Winning NEW GUINEA 0SO STATUTE MILES Coral Sea Milne Bay AH Clear at Stalingrad Two Russian women carryiinr their blankets umcrgu from StalingrancI bomb shelter after German planes have left the baltctccl Volga city Senate Shelves Proposal to Ban Poll Tax Collections Vote to Limit Debate END REVOLT AT JAP CENTER Fails After Southerners Stage Filibuster WASHINGTON sen ate shelved Monday legislation to ban ihe collection of poll taxes as a requirement for voting in fed eral elections The action followed defeat of a motion to end a fili buster through limit on debate The debate limitation pro luisal on the measure to abolish poll taxes as a prerequisite to voting in federal elections was beaten on a vole of 37 ayes to 41 noes Approval of two tliirds of those voting was neces sary Democratic Leader Military Police Quiel Evacuees in Arizona PARKER Ariz A fiveday rebellion at the Poston Japanese relocation center which followed the jailing of two men on charges of assault to kill was ended Mon day by military police W Wade Head superintendent of the camp largest of the centers to which west coast Japanese were evacuated said the revoltin WEST AFRICA IS PLACED BESIDE UNITEDNATIONS Important Bloodless Victory Apparently Scored by Allies VICHY Krom French Broad casts West Africa has placed itself under the or ders of Admiral Jean Darlan the admiral declared in a broadcast over radio Algiers Monday night French Uest Africa includes tha strategic port of Dakar near tha westernmost bulge of Africas At lantic coast In area French West Africa is the largest unit of the French em pire covering 18I57C8 square miles and besides Dakar includes Senegal French Guinea the French Sudan Dahomey Ivory coast Muuretaniu and Niger The population totals about 15000000 Already this great territory was sandwiched between two French areas which have thrown in their lot with the united na tions the MoroccoAlgeria strip to the north and equatorial Afri ca to the south IMPOUTANT I Itmiiril MARKED UP LONDON broadcast by dio Dakar Monday night indi cated that the vital French West African base of Dakar and its surrounding territory ol Senegal lias swung over to the proallied administration of Admiral Jean Francois Darlan The broadcast was reported by radio Morocco The broadcast was heard ill Canada by the Canadian Broad casting Corporation U correct the reports indicated a bloodless victory forthe allies of tremendous strategic import ance Radio Dakars announcement said that Gov Gen Pierre Bois KUI of Froidi Uest Africa ha announced that the colony lias pledged its allegiance tu Darlan That appeared ID indicate that best defended and strongest base on the West Afri can fallen to Ihe al lies as the fruit of the political military collaboration of Ameri can army authorities with Dar lan GENERAL ATTACKOPENS ON BIZEKTE TUNIS LONDON Morocco reported Monday t h a t allied forces had opened a general at tack on axis positions in the Tu nisBiVcrtc area of Tunisia and tile first axis prisoners bad ar rived in the allied lines Citing as authority an allied headquarters communique thn French controlcil radio Morocco said the allies had attacked en trenched enemy forces in the area drivingacaiiisl the en tire position o the German and Italian army Radio Berlin quoting Anglo American sources said violent i iuv 1111111 fSltitiy was in progress for a Barkley of group flow banners bearing lap 30 miles troin Tunis Prc fi i sumably She harbor was that of Hiimmamcl cm the gulf of that name on the northeast coast A trench communique re i ci uuai lap1 who had moved for I nesc characters Sunday and adoption of the cloturc rule limit played Japanese martial music A small but wellorganized pro lad announced previously i axis group took advantage of the to chlain consideration the bill The mcsaure already passed in diffcrcn1 form by the house would die automatically on the adjourn ment of the session Jan 2 Karklcy had acknowledged it would be impossible to obtain passage of Ihe bill xvhicli lie supported if filibustering tactics ciifjagcd in by opponents could not be halted by limiting debate Before the senate met opponents of the legislation said they ex peeled the cote to discourage lui turc congressional moves to out law the poll taxes ricacicd in he communitv jail since Wednesday They forced their citv council to resign Wade said and bar caused n stoppage of all work in unit tso I Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Somewhat warmer Monday afternoon not much change in temperature Moiulav night and Tuesday forenoon Lowest Monday night IOWA Not mticii change in cmI pcrature Mondav night and Tuesday forenoon occasional light rain or drizzle in southeast portion Mondav afternoon MINNESOTA Slightly warmer j Koulh portion Monday night and Tuesday forenoon Not much change in temperature north portion IN MASON CITY i GlobeGazette weather statistics i Maximum Sunday 35 I Minimum Sunday night 21 I At 8 a m Monday 3 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 8 The figures for Sunda I Maximum Saturday 35 Minimum Friday night 17 At 8 a m Sunday 20 I coast German ami Italian forces driving in from the Gulf of Gabcs filtered into the area oC Gifsa a key town on the rail road itiMiiiny from Algeria to Ma
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