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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 10, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C 0 v DEPARTMENT OP H i SToa r c i v t 0 I N j i A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WJJiES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 10 1942 THIS PAPEft CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 27 ORAN CAPTURED BY U S Report Hitler Dace Laval Meet in Rome as Yanks Race Ahead Blast Main Defenses of Casablanca French Battleship Set Afire PARLEY AGREES TO BAN LIMITS IN YOUTH DRAFT Conferees Eliminate Requirement of Years Training for Combat WASHINGTON joint senatehouse committee agreed Tuesday on u teenage draft bill eliminating a senate provision re quiring a years military truinin beioie 18 and 19 year old selec tees could be sent into foreign combat The conference agreement come after the house had rejected by an overwhelming vote M o n d a y a motion by Representative Rankin DMiss to instruct its con ferees to accept the trainin amendment How to Avoid an Extra Trip In Getting Your Gasoline Rationing Book Confusion and delay in obtaininggasoline rationing books will be avoided if vehicle owners are ready with all the necessary information when they go to the school nearest their home for registration Facts they will need to know arc 1 The vehicle license number the year model and make of the car and its body type sedan coupe etc 2 The serial numbers of tires mounted on the vehicle including one spare The serial numbers are on the sidewalls of the tires If there are no numbers or if they have been worn oft the brand name of the tires should be stated 3 The number of the federal automobile use tax stamp which should be affixed lo the windshield 4 The state registration certificate which was received when the license was issued must be presented at the time of registration Application blanks are now available at the elementary schools Car owners may obtain them in the office of the principal of the school nearest their home The blanks should be filled out at home and returned Thursday Friday or Saturday between 1 and 5 p m If they are signed by the owner of the car they may be returned by another member of the family but ration books will not be issued unless the application is signed by the car owner himself Elimination of this provision cleared the way for exuccled speedy final approval by con gress of lie legislation which would the draft use from the present minimum of 20 years lo 18 W In approving the compromise which must be acted upon b both houses before it can be sen to President Roosevelt for hi consideration the joint commit tee agreed to accept a senat amendmet directing local selec tive bbardstodefereall ing essential farmworkers int the armed forces Representative Short RMo one ot the house conferees said that Majority Lender McCormnck and Minority Leader Martin had said the measure might be taken up in the house Tuesday by unanimous consent Senator Gurney RS Dak author of the senates teenage draft bill explained the confer ence action to newspapermen When they thanked him Gurney smiled and said hope the rest of the country feels like sayinsr thank you too I know this will help in the conduct of the war The conference committees ac tion was reported to have been unanimous The house arranged to meet at pm C WT to take up the compromise The house conferees abandoned a provision in the original house bill which would have resulted Senator Gurney said in drafting all unmarried men in any given stte before any married man could be called to the army In its final form the bill leaves the classifications undisturbed A specific provision was xvrit ton into the bill that high school students agcil 18 and 13 who are ordered lo report for induction during the last half of the aca demic school year mav obtain deferment until the end of that period The conference retained the exemption from the dvaft of men who reach the age of 45 after registration but inserted words which would permit their drafting with their consent MAY POSTPONE GAS RATIONING Iowa Registration to Be Nov 12 to 14 WASHINGTON the delivery ot ration books and forms is causing the office of price administration to consider seri ously the postponement of gaso line rationing in all presently un rationed areas an OPA spokesnijii saidTuesday A more definite announcement Is expected soon The originaldate for beginning nationwide ration ing was Nov 12 The Washington spokesman in dicated that if there is a delay the start of rationing probably will be delayed from Nov 22 until some date a week or ten days later At the time OPA disclosed it had authorized its regional of fices to delay school registration for the ration books in any region in the presently uura tioned area where there has been lelay in delivery of tiie necessary orms The registration dates pre viously set were Nov 1214 IOWA REGISTRATION TO BE NOV 1214 CHICAGO U was an nounced here that the registration dates for rationing in Nebraska and the Dakotas had been ad vanced to Nov 13 19 and 20 Reg istration in the rest of the region including Iowa will be conducted Nov 12 13 and 14 as previously announced Allied Seapower in Building Victory Is Given Emphasis If There Were Only a Land Bridge to Africa Moans Nazi Spokesman PETAIN TAKES OVER COMMAND VICHY From French broad casts Petain the 86 year old chief of state has de cided to assume command of Frances land sea and air forces This war analysis column conducted by DeWtt Mackenzie was written Tuesday by Glenn Babb Jlr Mackenzie now tour Ing tbe war zones is traveling By GLENN BABB big headlines are goingto the landing parties of commandos and infantry the tank fighters and airmen who are nailing ctown all North Africa from theAtlantic to the Red sea for the united nn tions But while the victories are beina won on African deserts and beaches and in the skies we are reminded that none of this would have been possible without allied command of the seas All the new weapons and tactics that this war has evolved have not shaken the place of scapowcr as the foundation 011 which the united nations arc building a victory If only there were a land bridge to Africa moaned a Berlin radio commentator last week as he tried to explain way the disaster that had befallen Rommel in Egypt But there is no land bridge to Egypt and none to Morocco and so Hitler like Napoleon and the kaiser is confined to the solid limits of Europe while the arm adas of his enemies make tile seven seas foam as they dispose the great armies that are to choke him to defeat Seapower has beaten all Ihe asuiianls for world dominion since civilization spread from its old world cradle Its elements have changed since Mahan wrote and the airplane and submarine are as essential as the surface ship but its fundamental ulacc has no altered General Eisenhower wlio com mands Americas vast new Afri can campaign warmly acknowf edges the role of the British am United States navies in the un dertaking Nothing short of mar velous he says of the way th navies handled this most ambi tious and spectacular overseas ex peditioninTmilitary history But the sea forces contribu tion was io less vital o the eighth armys triumph in Esynt although spread over dreary years in lime and the loiiffcst supply route ever maintained for a major military operation V The united nations have bee nearest ultimate defeat in those areas where for the time being they have lost command of the seas in the western Pacific where Japan still is dominant and the Mediterranean where landbased air power has nulli fied the rule of the fighting ship Eventually the productive capa city of American shipyards should take care of the former problem The latter seems to be aproaching early solution It remains to be seen whether the axis confronted with the threat of being swept from the Mediterranean will be pushed in to challenging the British and American fleets on the surface Together the German Italian and Vichy French fleets would offer n formidable challenge but they are not together Mo German sur face warship can reach the Medi terranean The Vichy fleet is still a question mark The sizeable units which were at Casnbhinca nnd Dakar on the Atlantic when the allies struck arc isolated and would seem to invite early piece meal liquidation REPORTYANKEE COLUMN DRIVES TOWARD LIBYA Possible Inland Attack on Tripoli Indicated With Vichy Reports LONDON American olunin was reported advancing oward Libya first United States thrust directly aimed at expelling the axis from is the preliminary occupation of French North Africa rolled swiftly oward completion over Vichys shattered and disorganized de enses A Vichy broadcast said art American force was driving to warrt Bou Saada 10 mile southeast of iflsiers in a direct line toward the Libyan desert indicating a possible attack over the inland desert at Tripoli cap ital ami kingpin of Italian Libya and at the rear of Field Marshal Rommels scurrying axis army West Gallagher U S corres pondent with the AEF in Africa reported that with the fall of Oran virtually all French resistance in the Mediterranean lind ended One report uncontirmcd said American vanguards had pierced the border of Tunisia but the Vichy broadcast indicated that the plan was to bypass it Vichy said its forces in the desert Were pre paring to resist the thrust into the interior The report that Nazi marshal Erwin Wiizlcben had arrived in North Africa to lead the French force came from Russian sources amid gathering signs of disinlc gration of the Vichy command With Darlan a captive French leadership in Algeria in the east stock with Premier Mus i of the peril with which the Another Port Foils to U S Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon Lowest Tuesday night about 20 in city 15 in country Diminish ing strong winds Tuesday aft ernoon IOWA Colder Tuesday night continued cold Wednesday fore noon Lowest temperature 0 to 15 in north and IS to 20 degrees in scuth MINNESOTA Colder extreme east not quite so cold extreme northwest portion Tuesday night not much change in temperature through Wednes day forenoon lowest tempera ture Tuesday night 5 to 10 above north and 12 to 17 south por tion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 51 Minimum Monday night 22 Al 8 a m Tuesday 23 Rain 13 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum This is the busy port of Oran in the Vichy French colony of Algeria North Africa which American troops took Tuesday and Morocco in Hie west had been without a unifying com nander Pierre Laval was re jorlcd to have hurried to Home to ake solin ixis suddenly finds itself con ronted by the allied threat from the south Thus French Xorlh Africa tottered Tuesday under thn arm ortipped blows of a United States expeditionary force strik ing with miht and speed H So rapici was the campaigns progress still only in its third day that it outstripped the expeditions communication sjstems ability to report it An allied headquarters spokes man here however declared the whole operation was reeling off with smooth precision and still with but slight United States cas ualties This was the situation at a 1 Darlan one member nf the collaborationist triumvirate of Vichy and a sparkplug of French resistance was taken into custody of United Stales forces al Algiers where he arrived in time only to Kjvo the ceasefire order in that North African port 2 By entering Oran Tuesday after first having forced the sur render of Algiers under lind sen and air assault the Americans virtually had completed the firs phase of the campaign in Algeria breaking French resistance in both its chief ports 3 On the Atlantic coast tvlicre the defense apparently was stur dier the Americans were pressing 50 hot upon the pivotal Moroccan port of Casablanca that its de fenders were offered an aimisticr It was rejected Gen AuRtislc XOKUCS com manderinchief of Vichys Mo roccan force wrs reported by the French from Tangier to have withdrawn into the interior from threatened Rabat north oi Casa blanca Wherever French garrisons still took orders from Vichy Lieut Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers pow erful command hammered relent lessly if reluctantly to complete the expulsion of the axis influence in Africa from the Atlantic to the Nile and prepare the ground for the assault upon axis Europe American Uoops apparently still were streaming ashore on the beaches of North Africa Despite the denial of the governor general of Morocco that landings had oc curred at Mogador and Agadir in southern Morocco French reports from Tangier said that the Ameri cans not only had landed but were continuing lo land at those south ern portr Believe Axis Desperately Plans Moves LONDON Hitler Benito Mussolini and Pierre La val were reported meeting in Rome Tuesday and unofficial quarters in London believed the fuehrer and his two satellites from Italy and Vichy France were con sidering sonic desperate blow to halt the BritishAmerican ad vances in North Africa The likeliest spot lor the Ital ian fleet axis air forces ami possibly the French flccl lo strike appeared to be Tunisia through which President Uoosc velt has said Ihe American cx netlitionary force intends to ad vance to attack Marshal Erwin Hommcl from behind The meeting of Hitler the Ital ian duce and the Vichy chief oi government in Rome was reported jy RcLitcis British news agency n a dispatch from the Froncl rentier This report followed the statc netit from the Berlin radio Mon day that Laval had left Vicli Tor an unannounced destination The Berlin broadcast emphasizec that he had not as is usual gone to Pavis It was believed that the Italian facing the fearsome prospect o allied control of the whole south cm Mediterranean shore woulc attempt some desperate counter stroke United nations propaganda meanwhile was on the offensive iiloiif Ilieir military forces The British radio told Italians day and niclit the rankling slory of how Ihe Germans had aban doned Italian divisions in Epypl Some evidence that this kin of talk was sinking in was seen here in Italian radio commenta tors remarks about fears of al lied invasion appeals for Ital ians to be kind to one another and admonitions for a show of courage like that ot the British after Dunkercjuc Report Mass Arrests in Unoccupied France of Those Aiding Allies LONDON Vichy ra dio announced Tuesday that mass arrests were taking place in all the principal towns of unoccupied France of people who are ac tively helping the enemy break up the French By KOGEK D GREENE Associated Press War ldilor American warships were reported to have blasted away he main naval defenses at Casablanca Tuesday setting fire o the new 35000 ton French battleship Jean Bart as lank cd U S army troops entered Oran in Algeria and other American columns struck out toward Italian Libya V Latest reports indicates that the big Moroccan port Casablanca on the Atlantic coast of northwest Africa was in its iast slaves of defense v T v Allicd headquarters said that three beachheads Clanking the port are in our hands and that the battleship Jean Bart was burning in the harbor American naval were declared to have wiped out a screening force of French v v Lieut Gen Dwight Eisenhower commander of the AEF said Oran fell to American troops only a few hours after the assault began Y At the same time allied headquarters announced that resistance by French warships at Casablanca had been over conic to a large degree by United States naval forces Reuters reported a Vichy broalittst saying that United States military headquarters had been set up in Ovan early Tuesday afternoon and that no more firing was heard in the city after 3 p m 10 a m v v 4 Dispatches from La Linea Spain reported the arrival of powerful allied nava reinforcements at Gibraltar in cluding the British aircraft carrier Furious six destroyers and 22 merchant ships i v The 35000 loi British battleship Kclson and oilier war ships were reported anchored in the harbor while overhead many fighter planes kept up a constant patrol V Jf As the situation boiled to a climax with American forces reported everywhere successful axis leaders were reported frantically seeking means to effect counterblow v v Soviet quarters in London said German Field iUarsha Fnvin von Witzlebeu had arrived in north Africa lo direct Vichy French operations and there was some speculation that the French fleet might attempt to put in al Bizcrtc on the Tunisian coast before U S forces arrive there The Berlin radio PIOXEER RESIDENT DIES ESTHERVILLE Monday claimed Arlando Lough 75 early rcsideni of this rom mutuiy who traveled here trom Minnesota in a covered wagon racuo broadcast reports that the main French fleet had steamed from its European base at Toulon on Sunday but nothing has been heard from it so far In London Prime Minister Churchill declared emphulicrily that the United States mighty undertaking in North Africa was for one purpose and one purpose only namely to gain vantage ground from which to open a new front against Hitler Unconfirmed reports said Italian board for axis counterattacks Tankled li S army soldiers and paricliullsls iverc reported attacking a series of key points ilons the Mediterranean and Atlantic coatsts with heavy fighting raijins al Casablanca and Orleansvillc 100 miles east of fallen Oran Algicrs thc capital of Algeria hnd previously surrendered Sun day night Simultaneously an allied head troops had arrived at tiie French I spokesman announced Tunisian naval base of Bixeite Admiral Jean Durlan chict which might be used as a springnf Vichy armed forces was in YUGOSLAVIA ITALY Mediterranean SICILY V TUNISIA MALTA VICHY GIBRALTAR SPANISH MOROCCO ALGERIA VICHY Major developments in French north Africa included On west coast of Morocco iosses were indicted on Vichy navy at Casablanca 1 with U S landings al Agadir Jlogador and Safi Tunis 3 was notified by President Roosevelt that U S forces hope to pass through French Tunisia clotted apparently to strike eastward toward axis force retreating from Egypt north coast of Algiers and Oran were captured
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