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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 9, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AM ARCHIVES 0 E S UO I H t S I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE i v v lUISa SECTION ONENO 26 S PLANS TO ENTER TUNISIA DEFEATED AXIS FORCE HEARING BARDIA LIBYA May Try to Rally Last 30000 Troops in Stand Against British By KAY CAIRO Erwin Rommels broken army ncarcd Bardia in Libya Monday in its flight from complete destruction and the British believed he might try to rally his remaining forces to 30000 there for a stand The battle of Egypt a com plete and smashing success for the allies was over Rommel who had started with 140000 men had less than onefifth left and even those were dis integrating as they fled into Italian Libya Thirty thousand lo 40000 of his men were prisoners Other thou sands were killed or wounded and six divisions of Italians ap proximately 00000 men were ready to be captured The allies had destroyed at least 500 of his tanks and 900 to 1000 of his guns Swedish military experts be lieved that Rommel would hastily attempt to evacuate the remnants of his army toEurope All Rommels hopes of escap ing disaster have been dashed by American landings in North Afri ca these experts said and he re alizes thnt unless he tries to es cape to Europe soon the eighth army will be so close upon him there will be a GermanItalian Dunkirk The Germans tried to fight a delaying action at Matiuh in ESJPt 125 miles east of the Liby an border United Press staff cor respondent Henry Conell watched German 88 mm and mortar bat teries on the escarpment over looking Matvuh surrender one by one The eighth a r m y suamped the Germans and drove on west after the main force A communique of lie British midflle eastern command Mon day confirmed battlcfront dis patches of United Press cor respondents that the last axis forces holding out at Matruh capitulated Sunday Allied air striking forces re lentlessly pursued the remnants of Rommels army the communi que said anj continuously at tacked his transport columns which were without air protec tion and at the mercy ot allied bombers and fighters One fight erbomber sortie Sunday shot up 50 trucks The eighth army has collected many more prisoners iiuludin the Italian Pavia division the communique said The London Daily Mail re ported from Cairo that Rommel bal less than 20000 men left and that his tank forces were practi cally dissolved Objectives of U S Attack Forces Views French top an K in the towti had statue Darlan May Have Come Over to Allied Side Sources Hint HOUSE STANDS FIRM ON DRAFT Wont Favor Limit on 18 19 Year Olds WASHINGTON rP The house refused to go on record Monday m favor of a senate pro posal that teenage drafted sol fliers be given one year ot train ins before being sent into combat IL voted down a motion by Rep resentative Rankin DMiss to instruct house conferees lo ac cept a compulsory trainin amendment written by the senate legislation lowering the draft age from 20 to 18 years ihe standing vole was an Tyburn as JS to 50 Rankin failed to get enough support to force a rollcall vote The action left the house con ferees free to work out any com promise they could effect with the senate and bring it back to the house for ratification and in vnalfns werc thc conferees would recommend elimination of the senate provision which the president and thc war and liavy departments have opposed L O N D O N UR Speculation arose in some quarters Monday that Admiral Jean Francois Dnr Inn may have a proposal under consideration to come over lo the allied side Darliii commander in chief of all Vichy French armed forces at Algiers when thc Ameri can attack was launched and the axis radio 3ias sujrpeslcd he may have been captured there with Gen Alphonse Pierre Join the French army commander There has been no statement on Darlans whereabouts from allied It was suggested that Lieut Gen Dwighl D Eisenhower may have suggested that Darlan might de sire to transfer his sympathies to the allied side If Darlan is in American hands at Algiers he may have been given time to make up his mind That would account for the complete lack of news on his whereabouts Airborne U S Troops Push Back Japs in New Guinea Operation Is Carried Out Under Nose of Nipponese Soldiers By The Associated Irpss Japans last hold on the teemi green jungles of southeastern Xcv Guinea stone to Aus shaken Monday by American soldiers who hacked their way into striking distance of the invaders base at Buna after probaoly the greatest airborn infantry movement in history had caught the Japanese flatfooted The greenclad jungletrained American doughboys who moved up Sunday to grips with the Japa nese near Buna were ferried atona with Australian troops by airplane from Australia to a natural land ing strip in Japanese tcrritory Supplies and even jeeps verc flown to the field discovered bv chance by an allied airman who landed there after having engine trouble The whole operation was car ried out under the nose of thc Japanese army which gave ru evidence of knowing what was soing on one informant told an Associated Press correspondent in iNevv Guinea Natives helped hide the stores from sight and thc Australians and Americans pushed along trails seldom used by white men tinouch he last ridges of the Owen Stan Icy range and into position for their attacks The Americans struck at thc Japanese base on the northeast coast the Australians at the Japa nese advance stronghold at Oivi oO miles inland from Buna Allied bombers and fighters supporting thc attack raided Oivi balamaua and Buna and carried their attacks to Gasmala New Britain Maklo island off the southwest coast of New Britain and Koepang in Timor Buy Uar Savings Bonds ami Stamps from your carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Monday altcrnoon considerably colder Monday night and Tuesday forenoon Coldest Monday night about 20 Occasional iiaht rain Monday afternoon Moderately strong winds Showers and scattered thuncicrstoiins cast and central occasional light rain extreme west Monday afternoon Show ers and thunderstorms endin portion Monday night cast mum Much colder Monday night and Tuesday afternoon Moderately strong winds Monday afternoon and Monday night MINNESOTA Much colder with cold wave Monday nighl and Tuesday forenoon lowest tem perature Monday night 5 lo 10 above north portion and 15 to 20 above south portion Colder west portion Monday afternoon liKht rain changing to snow Monday afternoon and north portion Monday nightsnow flurries northeast ue U S LOSSES IN NORTH AFRICAN ATTACKS LIGHT Some of Troops Sailed Direct From U S in Huge Sweeping Move toy E C DANIEL LONDON Stales forces striking with overwhelm ing might and exquisite precision closed Monday upon the key de fenses of French North Africa after inflicting serious losses on thc Vichy navy at Casablanca and capturing Algiers This powerful American chal lenge to Hitler still only nt its start has been achieved with but slight United States losses an allied headquarters spokesman said Most of the resistance so far has been naval he said but there is no doubt that the com bined might or United Stales and British naval strength backing up the landing opera tions can cope swiftly with any Vichy forces which might seek battle A German communique said that German and Italian planes had scored bomb hits on six al lied warships and tour merchant men in attacks since Fridav night ngaipst Bntish and American vocals off Algiers The Vichy radio reported that Italian planes had attacked Gi braltar Monday but gave no ac count of the results Besides Algiers which capitu lated under land sea and air at tack Sunday night at thc close of the first day of thc campaign the Americans also had occupied on the Atlantic coast HO miles south of Casablanca and a Vichy communique acknowledged that Ihe Algerian port of Oran on thc Mediterranean was virtually encircled Casablanca heavily bom barded apparently was bcimr enveloped in a similar aolion but there thc United Stales troops lacked the coastal high lands of thc Mediterranean lit loral as a screen for their op erations Landings above and below Casablanca however put the Americans within reach of roads conversing oa the city Americans still were stream ing ashore in axisdominated Vichys empire and a French communique disclosed a still wider sweep to thc operation with the announcement tliat landing forces from thc Ameri canBritish convoys have estab lished holds as far south on the Atlantic cnast as Ajsadir 245 miles Ijclinv Casablanca ami MoKiulor a port 6r miles closer to Hie Moroccan capital With these landings thc Ameri can footholds in French North Africa encompass more than 1 000 miles of the const from around the bulge of Africa tho strait of Gibraltar and into the Mediterranean Dakar in Senegal and Tunisia the easternmost domain of French North Africa are thc only major coastal areas of thc empire so far exempt from the allies blows What hns been accomplished is the initial landing the headquar ters spokesman asserted however and observers in London swift occupation of thc strategic cities and communication centers in an effort dovetailedwith the British eighth armys Eqyptirn Libyan drive to sweep the axis entirely from Africa and prepare invading Europe cloak of secrecy Over French North Africa Algiers Becomes Base as Yanks Meet Only Desultory Resistance FR Notifies Bey of Tunis of U S Plan WASHINGTON Roosevelt has notified the Bey of Tunis that thc American armed forces in north Africa hope to through French Tunisia apparent ly to strike eastward toward the a vis forces now retreating from Egypt The while house disclosed Mou the message had been day that delivered Saturday night to thc IV IUU Bey Sidi Moucef Pacha and that it asserted at one point j The indomitable ami massive American armed forces which I am dispatching to north Africa in collaboration with the forces of France will conpcrate with you in thc defense of your coun try They have no other aim than Hie early destruction of our common enemies 3f 3ft They and thenallies hope for the great privilege of passage through Tunisia thus enabling them to accomplish their mission elimination of thc forces of evil from north Africa Tunisia is a French protectorate lying between Algiers which I American troops already have eni tercd and Italiancontrolled Libya The Bey is thc nominal governor of Tunisia Thc message to him was trans mitted through Admiral Jean Pierre Esteva French resident general at Tunis While the chief execiiiveo mes sage was couched in friendly po lite terms it could be regarded as a sort of ultimatum to let United Mates forces go through Tunisia The message was delivered Sat urday but its release was with held until he delivery could be confirmed FKOM CABLE REPORTS American forces fanned out over French Africa at break neck speed Monday driving forward to mop up remaining resistance points and quickly develop a threat to Tunisia the axis rear in Tripoliiania and Italys Mediterranean islands The Americans had won Algiers as a central north African base anil LL S and British reinforcements were streaming ashore Already allied fighter planes were pro yidinK a cover for Americans from French airdromes in the Alters area and Vichy reported that new American landings wore heinymade at Lhilippcville only 100 miles west of the Tunisian frontier x x Along both the north and west African coasts the Ameri cans appeared to be sweeping ahead rapidly U S troops were closing a pincers on Oran and Casablanca and landed Moroccan pointSi mculcliug Agadil were described as slight by Buy War Savings Bonds and Mamps from your GloboGazcllc carrier hoy over the Italian fleet as the com mander of the British naval forces cooperating with the Americans As commander of Britains Mediterranean fleet bc lore he went to Washington to sit in allied councils ham crippled Italys scapower at Taranto and Matapan On the Mediterranean coast where progress apparently was fastest with Algiers already in American hands and Oran in a vise between what Vichy called large landings both east and west of the town three airdromes had been seized and put to use by thu United States forces Although the new 25000fon French battleship lean Bart and at least four submarines were kniiwn from Vichy re imrts to have been hit thc trench dirt not disclose him crave were the naval blows they suffered at Casablanca fresh forces at half a dozen Mogaclor and Mahdia American casualties thus far u as siignt by an allied headquarters spokesman in London Oran seemed to be the center of French resistance in Algeria At most points the U S troops were said lo have encountered only desultory land resistance However French naval units bat tled the American and British fleets at some points notably off Casabalanca and navalmanned shore batteries put up a fight Axis Intervention was at a minimum Axis planes bombed Gibrallar Ihrhtly diiriiif Hie nisht and were renorleil to have attacked he allied fleet at Al fiicrs hut apparcnlly with small rcsulls Only allied naval losses revealed thus far were two light units sunk in Oran harbor and a trans Port damaged The French fleet sulfercd severe losses in dive bombing attacks at Casablanca There still was no indication lal thc main French naval forces at battleships five cruisers and light escort ships Had been ordered into action Algiers capitulated United States sea and airborne troops had closed upon the important capital city of Algcnia from cast and west seizins Sidi Fcrruch and Ainlaya without a struggle and lakmg Maison Blanche and Blida airdromes in swift combat team LIEUT GKV D D KISEMIOWEK North African Generalissimo CLAIM GERMAN PLANES ATTACK VICHY French Broadcast Re corded by UP ai ports from Algiers Monday night said that German dive bombers attacked disembarking troops in thc harbotl and hit twii United States transuorts American and British fighter planes went into action the report vti fcairi and dispersed the naxi bomb casts snid the formal Admiral Jean Darland anti untish commander of all Vichy armed forces authorized thc sur render of the colonial capital Sun day night British and American naval forces entered the harbor Monday iy broad armistice n m a ar ing squadron However fires wore I asrccmtnt was signed at HI started aboard thc two ships which r am CWT were liit Thc attack was said lo Hie stars and stripes and the have uccn made between and j union Jack over the harbor fi Lieut Gen DwHit D j iv n nil UUI UUIl 1 Tin 1 day forenoon slron w I y fl thal lhc convoys Monday afternoon Jnmlnishing lhcir and lhc Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazetteweather statistics Maximum Sunday yj Minimum Sunday night 39 At 8 a m Monday 43 Rain 06 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 27 4 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum S3 29 35 shock troops have gained firm v f fjflHUJVI footholds several dramatic side lights of the expedition became known One was the fact tbal some of the American forces asliorc in North Africa sailed directly from the United States lo join others from Britain in what was prob ably the greatest seaborne troop movement in history Measured oy its armor and its carrierbased planes ine guns of its protecting warships and the striking power of the rangers parachute troops and armored forces it certainly was the most formidable of all time Another was thc dramatic re appearance in the Mediterranean I or Sir Andrew B Cunningham 1 back to thc scene of his triumphs TEBBITOR1 UNDER CONTROLOF VICHY
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