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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 5, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT 0F HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DES UOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 5 1U1JJJ THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE 23 Gain of 42 House Seats ROMMEL I r t t BARE MAJORITY BY DEMOS MAY EBB IN DEBATES Governorships About Half Divided 4 House Races Still Undecided By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Nearly complete returns from Tuesdays elections Thursday dis closed the republicans had drained off the once formidable demo cratic majorities in congress to a level that might be in their favor on important legislation and had about divided the 43 state governorships equally with the democrats Their gains in the congression al and state contests exceeded the brightest hopes republicai forecasters and almost turned the democrats out of even no rain a control of the house Late returns showed that the democrats hadtaken 219 house seats one more than a bare ma jority but had suffered a net los of 42 members as compared witt the present house Republicans had elected 208 representatives a net gain of 42 In the minor par ties the progressives had elected two representatives a net loss of one seat and the farmerlabor and parties had held to one seat each decided Thursday In the present house which continues until the end of the year the democrats have a ma jority of 93 over the republicans and five minor party members Their peak was in 1937 with 333 to 89 With only one senate contest outstanding that between Senatoi Murray DMont and Welling ton D Ranfcin the republi cans had gained only nine new senate seats without losing one to the democrats and the latter had lost eight Independent George W Korris Nebraska also lost out to a republican Kenneth S Wherrv The democrats elected 15 which with 41 holdovers gave them a total of 56 in the new senate starting Jan 3 Repub licans elected 18 and with 20 incumbents aot up for reelec tion gave them a total of 38 The senates lone progressive tsFollette of Wisconsin was not up this year This democratic majority of 17 or plurality of 18 over the repub licans compares with an existing majority of 34 or plurality of 36 Iowest majority in recent years was in 1933 when the division was i9 democrats and 36 republicans Highest was in 1937 when it was to democrats to 17 republicans Of the 33 governorships at stake including that in Maine which elected Sepe 14 the republicans won 17 the democrats 13 and pro gressives one Two were still in Idaho and Wyoming Counting holdovers ihe democrats now will have at least 23 gover nors the republicans 22 and ro gressives one Technically cf course the democrats retained control of both houses of congress How ever dependable working ma jorities cannot be counted on by the administration at all times when it is considered that party members do not vote solidly particularly on domestic ques tions Besides the veteran Norris the new deal lost in the elections such supporters as Senator Herring of Iowa Lee of Oklahoma Brown of Michigan Smathers of New Jer sey and Schwartz ot Wyoming Other democratic seats won by the republicans were in Delaware West Virginia and South Dakota Representative J William Ditter of Pennsylvania chairman of the republican congressional campaign committee in a state Ready on Arctic Bomber Lane ministration of the1 farm and food programs He said he was not going to be an obstructionist but was go ing to support the commanderm chicr in every way he could The reelection of Senator A B Happy Chandler DKy over Richard J Colbert repub lican had an aftermath in a charge by Dr O F Hume re publican national committeeman from Kentucky that there was ample evidence of wholesale fraud and corruption in the con test He called on senate inves tigators to look into it especially in Harlancounty Duration Contract Signed at Ford Plant DETROIT duration contract described by unionists here as the first of its kind for a major industry has been en tered into by the Ford Motor company and the CIOs United Automobile Workers The con iract signed Wednesday con linues the previous Fordunion agreement with some amend ments and will remain in effect for the duration of the war ex cept as to wages and other eco nomic matters DIRECTS SPEAKERS BUREAU DES MOINES F Des Moines has been ippointed director of the speakers ureau for the Iowa industrial and defense commission He will assist county defense councils in or anizing victory speakers bureaus throughout the state tov talk on matters concerning the war effort F R in Excellent Spirits in Spite of Vote Results Republicans Win 97 Iowa House Seats DES MOINES repub licans will again rule the Iowa legislature with a film hand re ports from the offyear balloting showed Wednesday The republicans won 97 seats In Hie state house while the democrats captured only II The republicans had an to 21 ma jority in the last session With 24 holdovers in the state senate the republicans elected 21 Tuesday to bring their strength to 45 The democrats had three hold their strength to five ln the last session republicans had the same overwhelming control 45 to 5 Howeyer the sweep of legishi sevcral individual setbacks for liie republicans Mae A Lynch democrat from Pocahontas defeated Jens Thorny son republican from Rolfe who had been a member of the notice since 1935 In Worth county Norman Borland democrat from Ken sett was elected to the house He was declared elected two years ago but the election was contested and the G O P con trolled house seated the con testant Claus Randall republi can from Manly The heavy margin ot republican Victories in the hpuse and senate treed higher up tae bracketin the state government Reports from all but one pre cinct m the state showed Thursday that Gov George A Wilson re publican defeated Senator Clyrfe U Herring by a margin of Ho 313 votes and B B Hicfcenlooper re publican lieutenant governor won the gubernatorial race by a mar gin of 177499 over democrat Nel son G Kraschel Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder Thursday afternoon and Thursday night continued cold Friday fore noon fresh to moderately strong winds Thursday lowest temperature Thursday for Ma son in city 22 in sur rounding country IOWA Colder Thursday night and in extreme east portion Friday forenoon MINNESOTA Colder Thursday night and Friday forenoon oc casional snow flurries north portion Thursday atternoon and early Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 04 Min Wednesday night 36 At 8 a m Thursday 36 YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 32 Precipitation 42 COOPER RITES HELD DUBUQUE serv ices were held Thursday for A A Cooper II 73 former president of the Dubuque Hotel company who died Wednesday in Fort Wayne Ind where he was president of the Harrison Hotel company Life Raft Dangles Out of Plane Is Machine Gunned vuiuumiee in a state jymoai operations Xiiursda me n ssued at Philadelphia a United States flying fortre viewed the partys house gains as crew hai a narrow escape from reSUltim from a frnat anrMnnt Crew of Flying Fort Has Narrow Escape With Freak Accident By MURUN SPENCER SOMEWHERE IN NEW rUmEA Nov combat operations Thursday a T initial fortreSS resulting from a public demand for greater efficiency and less politics by the national adminis tration in the prosecution of this SenatorE ltd Wherry at Omaha attributed his defeat of 81 year old Senator Norris to repudiation by Nebraskans of the new deal dissatisfaction over the drafting of labor from farms and ranches and ad rom a freak accident which threatened to send their fourmotored B17 bomber plunging to the ground The fortress was taking offon a mission when the wind pried open a hatch door and released a de flated life raft which blew back against the tail Fixed to inflate when released the raft began fill ing up freezing the controls The pilot Lieutenant Meville Ehlcis of Pharr Tex and the co pilot Lieutenant Bill Wilson of Fort Worth Tex both braced against the controls but the plane Whipped wildly and plunged to ward the ground Corporal Paul Harmon of Cum berland Md pushed open a side door and the crew prepared to bail out Private Lowell Lee of New York however turned a machine gun on the inflated raft punctured it and enabled the pilot to regain control But the plane came back badly damaged Other crew members who stepped from the plane after the close call were Lieutenant Floyd Boron of San Antonio Tex Lieu tenant Arnold Osborn of St Jo seph Mo Corporal Walter Bu chanan of Bradford Pa and Pri vate Michael Androbe of Buffalo N Y Wallace Objects to Theory That GOP Wins Represent Rebuke WASHINGTON Vice President Henry A Wallace de clared Thursday that President Roosevelt is in excellent spirits despite republican election suc cesses Wednesday Coming out of the presidents office Wallace told reporters he had given the president a news paper clipping in which the ar gument was made that the un usuallysmall number of voters in the election favored the repub licans It is only a miricle lhat he house isnt republican under these circumstances1 Wallace said Dont look at me with a fishy eye he continued I am not trying to make something out of fantasy It is statistics Wallace offered the explanation that in times like the present a larger than usual proportion of the voters are people who are well to do hence are more likely to be republican He suggested that the millions of younger voters who are in the army did not vole and that labor generally was too both cases in Wallaces opinion de priving the democrats ot some oi their strongest supports Wallace former secretary of agriculture likewise objected to any theory hat republican triumphs in the middle west represented a rebuke to the administration Those people in the farm areas have been republican all the time Wallace said My father was a republican and I used to be myself Those people go pretty much by heredity until things get pretty tough I think the results show the great popularity of the president and his policies Wallace con cluded URGE BOND SUPPORT DES MOINES fann ers are being urged to make good by Jan 1 on pledges they signed earlier in the year to buy war bonds V L Clark stale adminis trator of the war savings staff an nounced Leaflets urging farmers Jo convert part or all of their checks into bonds are in cioscd with such checks Clark sajd STIMSON HITS DRAFT LIMITS Wants No Restrictions on 18 Year Old Youths WASHINGTON of War Henry L Stimson Thurs day vigorously criticized propos als in congress to placerestric tions on the use ot 18 and 19 year old troops in combat He said the senateapproved amendment em Jig SUch a would shackle the hands of the com mander in chief The secretary told a press conference thai the KcnUcmen who brought forth such propos als apparently had never heard of Pearl Harbor The issue is expected Jo be fought to a showdqwn when congress resumes work next week The senate amendment would require that 18 and 19 year olds be given at least a years training in this country before being sent abroad The house had refused to consider such an amendment but new efforts will be made to obtain a house vote on the senate provision Jf such a restriction finally is adopted the army may ask President Roosevelt to veto the bill congressional sources re ported Stimson said that warfare is always full of the unexpected and that to impose such arbitrary re strictions on employment of a part of the armed forces might court disaster the utmost flexibility in organization he said You never can tell what will happen in war It is al ways the unexpected that hap pens This legislation forgets that and commits the error that you can always foresee what will happen It shackles the commander in chief of the United States forces who ought to be as free as pos sible to act to meet all kinds of emergencies TWO TOWNS BOMBED LONDON Two towns on the southeast coast were bombed and machine gunned by German planes Thursday single ITALIANS ADMIT HEAVY LOSSES IN DESERT WAR Unofficial Estimates of Axis Casualties Put as High as 40000 By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor The worst axis defeat at the war was shaping on the sands of North Africa Thursday With the British in swift pur suit Nazi Field Marshal Eiwin Rommels broken armies were re ported fleeing westward across the Egyptian desert amid wild con fusion and early unofficial esti mates placed axis losses at 40000 troops killed wounded or cap tured To the victorious British 8th army King George VI sent a mes 01 their feat cannot be exagger ated Italian field headquarters tersely acknowledged lhat Ger man and Italian troops had withdrawn to new lines after violent dawntodusk tank battles Wednesday and added Our losses have been severe The fascist war bulletin said the collision of armored forces raged over the desert between El Ala mein and Fuka Fuka lies 70 miles west of the old El Alamcin front The Berlin radio likewise con ceded that axis troops have been withdrawnto a prepared second line Nazi broadcasts insisted how ever that there can be no talk of a breach of he GermanItalian front by British troops and as serted that despite British su periority in numbers axis troops were putting up thr fiercest re sistance Rommel still is plenty of room on his chessboard and can move as he likes nazi quarters The master of desert strategy has often in critical situations dealt dangerous blows at the en emy In contrast to the German the Brit ish command reported these hard facts ot the 13 day old campaign 260 axis tanks destroyed 600 enemy planes knocked out of action 270 axis guns wrecked or cap tured H 50000 tons of enemy shipping sunk another 50000 tons dam aged Gen George von Stumme Rom mels second in command kilted in action In London Field Marshal Jan Christian Smuts prime min ister of the Union of South Africa declared he developing rout of Hitlers African forces might provide the turning point in this war The British radio hammered the story home to the peoples ot Ger Rommel Desert Army Is Busted LONDON M official British source said Thursday that Marshal Rommels army is bust ed and predicted that its fate would be finally sealed soon w The United States and Brit ish air force the British army and navy are engaged in what amounts to a moppingup proc ess his informant who must remain anonymous declared We are giving the herreiivolk in uniform a taste of what they gave the civilian population cf i ranee and we intend to keep on Giving it to them he said This is only a prelude to what the Germans ami their Italian lackeys can expect in the nct few months Rommels army is caught in a comparatively n a r r o w defile along the coast and the Germans and Ita hans arc being hunted like rabbits with every weapon at the allies command this source declared He said the British already had taken a hell of a lot of prisoners and would take more but indicated that the trimmest kind of slaughter was hemB inflicted on virtually axis troops This source said that Rommel was known definitely to be in the desert but hat it was not known exactly where It is impossible to bo loo op timistic about what has hap pened and what is goius to hap pen in north Africa declared this source who ordinarily is extreme ly reserved in comments on such operations i The spokesman paid high tri bute to American war equipment and supplies sent to the middle east Weve got Rommel where we wanted him he said and the German soldiers are going to find out what the kind of warfare ihev have been inflicting on civilian populations is like Germans were frantically rushing four divisions from the Russian front in nn attempt to reinforce Rommels battered le gions Four trainloads ot nazi troops were said to have passed through Athens ciiroute to em barkation points Official British dispatches said the axis was in full flight uilh the smoking hulks cf axis tanks littering the desert and the Medi terranean coastal highway choked with wrecked trucks armored cars and motor transport Allied flyers told of enemy troops scattering like cock roaches as British and Ameri can warplanes flew low over the battlefield bombing and ma chinegunning the axis armies Dispatches said ihe Italians had asked for a truce in one sector in order to bury their dead More than half of Rommels i tanks were reported to have been destroyed in the climactic break through as LicutGcn B L Mont my bolstered by STATES ENEMY IN OUR POWER Pursuit of Disorderly Retreating Axis Forces Continues on Desert By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS CAIRO British eighth army strove Thurs day night on Egvpts vast desert battlefield for the knockout oC the whole axis African corps heartened bv iiii order of the day from its commander Lieut Gen Ber nard L Montgomery which declared that the enemy is in our power and he is just about to crack Montgomery added I call on all troops to keep up the pressure and not to relax for a single moment We have a chance to put the whole panzer army in the bag and we vill do so I congratulate all troops on what has been achieved Complete victory is almost in sight the order of the clay said Cracking under ceaseless land and air assaults Field Marshal Rommels once proud axis army raced Egyptian Other Allied Drives to Give Aid to Reds LONDON defeat of Marshal Rommels armies in Egypt he followed by other allied offensives which will give relief to the embattled Russians Sir Stafford Cripps Lnrd privy seal told an audience o war workers Thursday This is not the only diversion we can or shall make to help our Russian allies Sir Slafford former ambassador to Moscow declared As our strength and that of our American allies builds up other offensives will be started in other areas He said the eighth army was destroying German and Italian land and air forces which might otherwise be joining in at tack on the soviet armies milts west of Alexandria Egyptian desert Thursday closely pursued by British imperial troops intent on its utter destruction The sudden collapse of the axis defenses was annouiicrd Wednesday night in a British communique after 12 days of furious fijjhtinK in whicii lie allies were said to have taken rcmcndous toll of Rommels men and cquipmenl Thursdays communique told ot a continuing British advance on all sectors or the front with enemy tanks and antilank guns attempting to fight a rearguard action along the coastal road ia I
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