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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 27, 1942, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTOftY AND ARCHIVES DCS JUUNILS A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 27 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE BATTLE RAGING ABOUND SOLOMONS Allies Pierce Main Axis Positions in Desert Outcome Not Yet Clear ROAD THROUGH MINEFIELD FOR TANKS WIDENED U S Air Forces Join in Maintaining Mastery of Skies in Desert CAIRO forward in handtohand fighting under cover of darkness and beating off desperate axis counterattacks by day the army of the Nile has penetrated Field Marshal Rom mels main positions and widened a road for tank attack through enemy minefieldsbattlefront dis patches reported Tuesday As the battle for North Africa raged through its fourth day there was no word of a clash between main armored forces but he cautious British advance through mines barbed wire and fields of heavy fire was clearing a battleground for the expected test United States army fighters and bombers were taking an increasing part along with the RAF and South African air forcein holding the mastery of the desert skies with a tight protective cover over the British advance and a ruinous battering of enemy positions Advance ground forces operat ing within sight of the bombing of axis troops and strong points sent back their message of praise Good show keep it up ln all aerial operations Monday vpverthedesert the Mediterranean i2 Malta allied airmen scored shot down United States fighters inter cepted our aiacchi 202s over the desert and knocked down all four equalling In a single fight their bar tor the day before United States medium bombers dealt battering blows at Rommels land supply lines and his massed tanks and heavy bombers blew up a merchantman and hit a tanker and barges in convoy attacks The bitter fighting on the sand and in the air is continuing the joint British headquartersRAF communique said Eighteen axis planes were reported destroyed 16 over the desert and two over the Mediterranean and at least three more over Malta United States air squadrons gave strong support to the Brit ish and allied land forces in Mondays desert fighting In one instance two important axis concentrations forming for a counterattack were broken up by continuous shuttle attacks by American planes W Ranging out over Field Marshal Rommels supply lines on the Mediterranean allied bombers at tacked a convoy off Tobruk and saw one tanker burst into flames and a large merchant vessel blow up after hits by bombs and aerial torpedoes Longrange allied fighters shot down two German escort planes after an attack on the convoy The convoy attack was carried out by planes of the United States army air force the RAF and the South African air force Axis forces guarding the con voy included four destroyers and a large air escort Only one of the convoyed ships a second merchantman escaped The heaviest enemy air blow against the eighth army advance was dealt at dusk Monday night in a divebomber attack on British advance positions The stukas roared down in the fail WARNING Jallopies Hod Better Detour GREW WARNS OF ASSUMPTIONS Former Envoy Flays Foolish Optimism NEW YORK A new scrap depot was opened in Mason City morning and L A Page fight Mason City salvage chair man and D Lattmter vice chairman of the Citizens Victory committee were right on hand to see that it was put into use Located directly across the street from the police station one and a half blocks south of Central park on Washington avenue west the depot will take the place of the one in Central park which has been re moved Mr Page announced He urged that anyone with scrap metal rubber or rags bring themto the new depot which is so arranged that cars can i drive in off the street while they are being unloaded Pickups at the homes will be unless persons have items too large or heavy to inbvethemselves or have no transportation facili ties For such pickups tele phone his office No 269 he requested Local firms and truckers have been unusually cooperative in providing trucks and workers for the housetohouse pickups he added and should not be asked to continue such efforts unless there is a specific need The chairman also suggested that those householders who have no place in which to store tin cans should brinsr them to the depot where they will be cared for The cans should of course have the ends cut out labels removed and be smashed down ready for shipment he said He asked that none be brought yet if they could be stored elsewhere for shipment cannot be begun for some time The scrap depot will be a con venience also for those farmers who small amounts of scrap which they can haul in their cars the chairman suggested Lock photo Kayenay engraving DIES FROM INJURIES Herbert P IWcLaughlin 66 died Monday or injuries suffered when his au tomobile overturned on a here r ing light of evening but were beaten off by intensive ground fire The allied air forces mean while began large scale use of night fighters as a cover for the advances of the array of the Nile by night Day and night the allied air craft including United States bombers and fighters roared ovcr the desert battle ground attack ing enemy targets in the battle area and axis landing grounds be hind the lines the communique said Japan to guard against a foolish optimism a complacent selfcon fidence which he said would the way for an unneces sary despair in the war with Japan In an address prepared for the books and authors luncheon Grew listed among the psychological minefield and ambushes to be avoided such assumption as 1 The Japanese are less for midable because they are not free 2 The cities oC Japan are flimsy and incapable of standing up un der incendiary air raids 3The Japanese can be starved into submission Over Exertion From Dancing Causes Death of Woman at Party DES MOINES death of Jean Jones state banking de partment secretary at a conven tion party apparently was caused by a heart attack brought on by ovcr exertion from dancing Cor oner J W Bailey said Tuesday Miss Jones collapsed at the Hotel Fort DCS iUoines early Tuesday morning at a gatherin of guests of the Iowa Bankers as sociation Witnesses said that Miss Jones had just entered the room at the time The body of Miss Jones who was secretary to Ralph Bunce deputy superintendent of the state banking department was taken to Leon her home town Mosquito Bombers Are Made Mostly of Wood LONDON new Brit ish mosquito bombers used re cently for bombing missions on the continent are made mainlyol wood it was revealed Tuesday and Peter Mascfield air commen tator said in a BBC broadcast that they are the fastest bombers ever built YANKS HOLIDAY WISHES EDITION Grees to Name and Rank Latest Address lour Name Bombing Raids on Japanese Sub Base at Kiska Reported Army Planes Encounter AntiAircraft Fire but No Fighter Planes WASHINGTON new bombing raids on Japanese instal lations including a submarine base on Kiska island in the Aleutians were reported by the navy Tuesday The reference to the submarine base was first mention of from Alaska Howeverthe navy on several previous occasions had mentioned enemy submarines operating in Jic Aleutians area Both of the bombing assaults were made by army planes No report of the damage inflicted upon the Japanese was given The navy said that during the raids enemy antiaircraft shore batteries were active but thai no aerial resistance was offered In the first raid army libera tor bombers guarded by Lock heed lightning fighters dumped 18 tons of bombs on the Japanese camp area on Kiska and the sub marine base Nation Pays Tribute to Naval Forces W A S H I N G T O N With Uncle Sams sea warriors fightin on seven fronts the nation som berly observed its first wartime Navy day Tuesday paying tribulo to the courage and skill of Ameri cas naval forces The occasion was marked in hundreds of communities by pa rades and by speeches at lunch cons and dinners while the navy itself was patrolling the seas guarding supply lines convoying troops to the worlds batllefronts and combating enemy forces In a letter to Secretary of Navy Knox President Roosevelt ex pressed pride in the navys heroic accomplishments in this war and declared it is doing the biggest job any navy has ever been to do and doing it HULL COMMENTS ONWILLKIETALK Declares U S Deeply Interested in India WASHINGTON of State Hull commenting on crit icism WniKiiror the administrations attitude toward India said Tuesday the United States was in fact deeply interested in the Indian situation and was watching for opportunities that might develop Willkie said in a radio speech Monday night thnt a policy of sil ence on the problems of Indian in dependence was losing the United States friends in lhat part of the world Asked about the speech at his press conference Hull said the American attitude had been made known He declined to take up in detail Willkies criticism pointing out that some American has some thing to say every day on some phase of the BritishIndian situa tion and he added such Ameri cans have various views Hull went on to say that the state department for some time and especially during this admin istration had consistently pro claimed and carried forward in practice what it regarded as a for ward looking policy It will continue to follow that policy he said It will not expect commendation but it is to be ex pected he added that the criticism will diminish as time goes on and the full facia arc understood called upon superbly Capl Lcland P Lovcite navv public relations director said in a Navy day eve address at Pitts burgh that American ships had escorted 600000 troops overseas without loss of a soldier and was confronted with the most stu pendous job over undertaken by any navy He asserted that America had lost heavily on the dangerous northern supply route to Russia but added that if 50 per cent of flic cargo gets through it is worth it In JIason City plans called for a huge parade at oclock Tuesday afternoon and a program at 8 oclock Tuesday evening in Roosevelt fieldhouse Report Danish King Is Becoming Weaker LONDON Copenhag en radio said Tuesday King Christian X injured in a horse back riding accident last week was feeling increased fatigue and becoming weaker A bulletin issued at S a m said he had spent a rather disturbed night REDS DECLARE COUNTER DRIVE GAINING POWER Advance in Stalingrad Fighting Is Reported in Russian Dispatches By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS On the Russian front Tuesday soviet dispatches reported that the red armies had thrown the Germans back behind the low rolling hills on the southern out skirts of Stalingrad and ousted the invaders from a northside factory after a fivehour battle It was the 64th clay hi the siege of Stalingrad Hitlers field hcauquartcri said the Russians renewed vain relief attacks southeast of Stalinsrrad but suffered enor mous losses and reported that stubborn street and houseto tiousc fightiiiK continued iii sidc the wrecked metropolis Red army counterattacks were reported growing in strength on both flanks of Stalingrad as the Germans retreated on the south where they were driven back to a point 130 yards outside the city boundary and on the northwest steppes between the Don and Volga rivers A single red army division was credited with killing 4000 Ger mans in six days on the southern sector routing the survivors and occupying new lines Dispatches to theso v ic t newspaper Pravda said Ger man casualties were so heavy that the invaders were no longer able to press attacks on all sectors X The red army now surpassed tl defense of Odess sea stronghold which fell year and it appeared that latest nazi offensive was fast los ing its momentum A Berlin radio broadcast ac knowledged that the Russians had launched sharp relief offensives both north and south of the Red October arms works in the north west suburbs described as one of the last two keys of the citys defenses Red army headquarters said Russian shock troops wiped out a razi wedge cut into the defenses of the factory district and said the Germans overwhelmed and forced to withdraw lost 750 men Mrs Rooney Reports in Gems Stolen HOLLYWOOD UW M r s Mickey Rooney reported to police Tuesday that burglars had taken jewelry valued at more than SIOOO from her apartment She said the principal missing piece was a gift ring from Mickey a platinum and diamond circlet valued at 51200 A yellow gold wedding ring also was stolen she said 3 Parachute to Safety When Bomber Crashes PEiVDLETOX Ore enlisted men including Corp Stanley E Pearson Minneapolis parachuted to safety Monday when a twomotored army bomb er crashed near here The pilot was killed Heavily in Sea Fights By HARRISON SALISBURY United Press Staff Correspondent A major JapaneseAmerican naval struggle was in prog ress in the Solomons area the biggest of tlie Pacific the outcome was not yet clear It was apparent however that both sides had suffered severely and that the battle was not yet concluded On the outcome hinged the fate of the American drive into the southern bolomons and possibly control of the vital sea lanes which iine runs jrom Hawaii to Australasia Secretary of Navy Frank Knox assorted that the outcome of the conflict is not yet clear Accounts of the battle thus far available from Washington ami from Japanese propaganda sources indicated thai the U S fleet probably was engaging a considerably superior Japanese force Known Japanese losses nrc two ailcraft carriers damaged and 2 three cruisers hit by torpedoes or bombs The Japanese admitted i the damage to the carriers and I one cruiser but claimed the ships r still were able to stay at sea and n fght Known American losses arc one aircraft carrier severely dam aged and one destroyer sunk The Japanese additionally claim the I sinking of four carriers a battle J ship and another warship and damage to another battleship three cruisers and destroyer Reports made clear that the battle is not a continuous ac tion Kather the American and the Japanese striking forces are cruising in the area of the Solomons hitting at each other whenever favorable conditions 1 present themselves Knox re port made clear that the battle Is not yet over Solomons Box Score WASHINGTON box score of American and Japanese naval losses in the bailie of the Solomons AMERICAN LOSSES Carrier Cruisers Destroyers Transports TOTALS JAPANESE LOSSES i I 17 Battleships Cruisers Carriers Destroyers Unidentified Transports Tankers Tenders Cargo j Fllips Mink by Ceil lonKrnnse bombers in inclmlr Hie northern Solo ny defenders nad j APpeai to he Industries for Buy War Savings Bonds and Sfamns from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Somewhat warm er Tuesdayafternoon Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon lowest Tuesday night about 30 occasional light rain or snow Tuesday night and Wcdncsday forenoon IOWA Rising temperature Tues day afternoon through Wednes day forenoon MIiNNESOTA Continued cold Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night not quite so cold Wednes day forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 35 14 19 WASHINGTON fp Indus trial concerns must undergo a thorough oldfashioned house cleaning to uncover evcrv pos sible bit of industrial Don ald M Nelson says because large deliveries of industrial scrap arc essential to meet winter supply demands The war production board chairman appealed to industrial concerns to dig deeper and even deeper as he asserted that all equipment that cannot be re paired and put to war production belongs on the nations scran pile The WPB chief said the results of the recent salvage drive con dueled by the nations newspapers showed the kind of cooperation they can give and we are grate ful lo them for their magnificent job1 Serves Army as Civilian OMAHA Nebr U years in the army and never in a uniform Thats the record of Mike P Noriega G2 a civil serv ice employe of the seventh service command here He has served all over the world but always in a civilian capacity although he spent much time in danger zones in the Philippines and else where MEN 18 AND19 Read the U S Armys Message to you on Page 2 While the sea forces battled at airplanerange on land and Guadacanal the American marine and army troops were fighting doggedly against hugely rein forced Japanese land lorces They I were under attack by land nrtil lery plane bombardment and oc casional naval barrage Outcome of the land battle however was clearly dependent on the sea struggle Which cser sidc ends the sea engagement with control of the waters around Guadacanal will be in a position to reinforce and back up the land forces while the other side will be compelled to fight on with what supplies men and ammunition has already been placed ashore The Japanese having landed upwards ol 11000 men on Guadal canal already arc engaged in an allout attack in an attempt to wrest control of vital Henderson airfield from American hands it the American carrier force in flicted sufficient wounds on the Japanese fleet to drive it back to the north Solomons or its base at Truk in the Carolines the forces on Guadalcanal can be supplied provisioned and vein forced If Hie American forces however suffered severely it may sharply curtail he reinforcement which can be rushed in by sea at the critical hour of the battle Accounts of the engagement by Tokio as north of the Santa Cruz islands only a short distance from Guadalcanal that it followed the Pacific iiaxal pattern It was primarily a between the planes of opposing carrier forces each side strikingby air with the enemys carriers as the primary target Au indication of he possible losses on both sides was afforded by Tokios admission ihat 40 planes were los The Japanese presumably with customary exag geration estimated allied plane losses at upwards of JOO KXOX DECLARES ISSUE HAS BEEN JOINED W A S H I N G T O K Knox said Tuesday U S AIRCRAFT CARRIER WASP JAPANESE SUBMARINE   

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