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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 26, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OP HISTORY AKO MOINES I A HOME EDITION rnnn MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 26 1942 THIS PAPEK CONSISTS OV TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE rt ONENQ 14 BRITISH STORM FORWARD IN DESERT More Japs Land on Solom YANKEE FLYERS BOMB BASES IN CHINA PACIFIC Likely Hits on 6 Jap Fighting Ships 3 Supply Boats Reported By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Reports from China and the southwest Pacific Monday were a testimonial to United States avia tion but despite the drubbing given the Japanese in their South Seas bases and along their supply lines they have poured fresh troops into the battle Tor Guada canal The U S navy reported lhat Japanese troops aided by tanks and heavy artillery assailed the American lines on that Solomon island five times Friday night and Saturday morning but were hurled back each time by the marine and army force The latest report was that on Sunday additional enemy troops were landed on the northwest part of the disputed island The unremitting aerial offensive under both the U S navy com mand and General MacArthurs Australian command was credited over the weekend with likely bits on six Japanese fighting ships and three supply vessels as follows A light cruiser and a destroyer hit in the Shortland island area on the night of Oct 2223 and a heavy cruiser or battleship possibly damaged bya torpedo hit f A erufeerprobably damajed about 300 smiles northeast ofGuad acanal on thenight ofOct24and another damaged the nest day north of Florida island A gunboat sunk with a direct hit in a Sunday night attack on Ra baul harbor New Britain and three merchantmen totaling 12000 tons listing sharply or on fire The Rabaul success the work of airmen under the MacArthur com mand brought to 15 the number of ships either sunk or badly dam aged in three nights of attacks a total of 80000 tons de stroyed or badly damaged and at least 20000 tons additional more or less seriously damaged MacArthurs bombardiers also destroyed a Japanese bomber grounded at Kavieng New Ire land and started fires among sup ply dumps there which could be seen for 90 miles Kocpang Dutch Timor also was raided over the weekend and allied airmen con tinued their strafing support of the limited counteroffensive across the Owen Stanley mountains of New Guinea A noteworthy triumph by the navys Grumman wildcat fighters was recorded in the Sunday eve ning navy de struction of 20 zero fighters the entire escort of 16 Japanese bombers which attacked Hen derson airfield on Guadalcanal on Oct 23 Moreover one of the bombers i c h the zeroes were guarding was downed and three others were damaged W AMERICAN FLYERS ATTACK HONGKONG The American air force in China having smashed at Japanese in stallations in the north with their big fourmotored Liberators last week hit Japaneseoccupied Hongkong in the extreme south Sunday and Monday Mondays attack destroyed the JVorth Point power stationof the captive British crown colony Later in the morning the bom bers raided White Cloud airdrome northeast ol Canton starting many fires and touching off one heavy explosion All planes returned to bases from the Sunday they plastered a Honsr fconfr waterfront area despite Japanese attempts at intercep tion and won a considerable combat victory over he enemy fighters Ten Japanese fighting planes were definitely downed and five more probably destroyed by the bombers which lost one ot their number An American fighter pilot also was forced down slightly wounded In Chinese territory For their part Japanese bom bers attacked an allied airdrome Sunday at Chlttagong India and several other fields in northeastern Assam province near the Burma border An allied announcement from New Delhi said that casual ties and damage were light in con trast to a Tokio claim that three planes were shot down and more than 39 destroyed aground Coffee Will Be Rationed at One Pound Every 5 Weeks Program to Start Nov 28 Retail Sales to Be Halted Nov 21 for One Week Freeze old the of price WASHINGTON IP Coffee will be rationed starting at mid night Nor 28 at a rate of one pound every five weeks for each person over years office administra t i o n announced Mon day On the basis of 35 to 40 cups to the pound the ration means slightly more than a cup a day per person Retail sales will be halted HENDERSON at midnight Nov 21 Price Admin istrator Leon Henderson said for a weeklong freeze during which grocers will stock their shelves for the start of rationing The first rationed coffee will be purchased on the last stamp in the sugar ration book stamp No 28 Subsequent rations will be issued by working backwards through the sugar book using stamps No 28 to No 19 in se quence The war production board ord ered OPA to take control of con sumer distribution to assure an equal supply for all Henderson said and attributed the emergency action mainly to excessive buy ing by consumers Reports of hoardingpverrbuying and runs on dealers supplies have been reach ing Washington from many cities for three weeks There is no reason for anyone to run to the corner grocer ut the squeeze on him and try to force him to help a hoarder Henderson declared There is ab solutely no excuse for hoarding coffee at this time Were announcing the forth coming rationing now because going to have to talk to a lot of people in the coffee in dustry and elsewhere about the administration of the rationing program Naturally stories and rumors will be creeping around about what we propose to do Most of them will be entirely garbled and thus create more confusion and hysteria than even now exists on the subject of coffee We arc therefore statingwhat WE plan to do so that the public can get the story straight and from an official source Eligibility will be determined oy the age shown on war ration book No sugar book If the age shown when the book was issued in May was 15 or older the holder is entitled to coffee rations if 14 or younger the book is not valid for coffee pur chases Use of the book for sugar will continue as in Ihe past In the light of normal United Stales per capita con sumption the new yearly ration rate of 104 pounds for each of he countrys 93000000 adults certainly is not a drastic re duction Henderson asserted It compare1 however with IS pounds per capita in 1941 the alltime high consumption year Henderson added For ten years before 1941 we consumed about 13 pounds of coffee a year Last year due to abnormal demands this figure jumped to about IB pounds Thus far in 1942 we have consumed coffee at the rate of about 12 5 pounds annually Therefore a ration of one pound each five eeks per person certainly is not drastic reduction Full details of beverage ration ing including the method of dis tribution to hotels reslaurants and other commercial users will be given out in the next lew days OPA said Behind the whole problem is the shortage of shipping there is ample coffee in Brazil biggest U S source of imports and at least normal supplies are in this coun ry Hoxvever even in normal times only a twoorthree months AUPPy 5 eld in this country Added to the shipping uncertainty s the steeplymounting military demand and bigger civilian pur chasing power However WPB officials bc oelievca the country could havt got along fairly welt under in formal rationing by grocers one pound to a not the buying surge by house holders developed One cause of this was the tin shortage The impending disap pearance of vacuumpacked cof fee cans prompted many persons to lay in a supply In one city gro cers even resorted to punching holes in the tins at the time of sale to try to stop practice OPA frowned upon while sympathizing with the motive Despite official warnings that coffee packed in the normal way quickly loses flavor and aroma the buying rush by housewives spread from city to city with Boston Columbus Chicago and other places reporting custom ers forming in line for coffee in the morning Haleigh N Car last week reported an alleged black market situation in which coffee was being sold at up to 75 cents a pound GOLD WAVE RELAXING GRIP Mercury Dips to 10 Above at Iowa City DES MOINES early itumn cold wave which forced autumn Iowa temperatures 20 degrees below hich forced down almost normal over the weekend was relaxing its grip on the1 stale Monday Following the summer like weather ot a few days earlier thecoldwas all the more nbtice V Iowa City reported a 10 degrees above zero Monday morning Sundays high reading in the state was 45 degrees at Ames Cedar Rapids and Davenport The range in Des Moines was from a high of 34 Sunday after noon to a low of 21 Monday morning The midforenoon read ing was 24 Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report MASON FORECAST CITY Slowly rising temperature late Monday after noon and Monday night Lowest Monday city 24 try night 28 degrees in in surrounding coun IOWA Continued cold Monday afternoon and in extreme east portion Monday night not quite so cold in west and central por tions Monday night and Tues day forenoon MINNESOTA Scattered light snow flurries north and cast portion Monday afternoon and early Monday night continued cold this afternoon not so cold Monday night and Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday Rain 30 15 19 G4 47 51 oo 23 17 inches YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum ons ASSAILSTFS ORDER GIVEN IN PRICE CONTROL Aiken Charges Brown Surreptitiously Put In Interpretation WASHINGTON Senator Aiken R vt told Economic Di rector James F Byrnes Monday that he believed a presidential or der directing that benefit payments be taken into account in fixing farm price ceilings was based upon what he termed a deliber ately false interpretation ot the price control law surreptitiously put into the congressional record by Senator Brown D Byrnes told he senate agri culture committee that if he be lieved President Roosevelts ex ecutive order was in violation of the law he would ask that the order be changed and that if he had such doubts about the val idity of the order and it was not changed that he would resign Che former supreme court jus tice who resigned to take over the direction of economic stabilization insisted that the president was justified in construing price con trol and other acts as he had Senator Aiken and several oilier committee members including Senators Reed R Kans and Wheeler contended that in passing the act congress had provided that no farm price ceilings could be set below parity Parityis a price calculated farmers the same return as in a past favorable period usually The inclusion of benefit pay ments in calculating price ceil ings had caused prices on several products to be set at a point which did not reflect parity re turns to growers the farm group contended put In mere the congressional record tor no other reason than to give you an excuse for violating the law Aifccn told Byrnes When the latter protested that he had not even been named to his present office at that time Aiken said he did not mean Byrnes ferring personally o those but was rc who were charged generally with admini stering price control Byrnes said that all he had to go on was the congressional rec ord suggesting that if it was not correct that it be corrected Senator Shlpstead RMinn asserted that Browns state ment which pointed the way toward inclusion of benefit payments In calculating price ceilings was handed in after the bill passed and was not delivered on the floor of the senate Chairman Smith Car added lhat it had been handed in otter the senate Republican Leader McNary of Oregon pointed out that in any event it was just one members opinion and ought not to be binding in interpreting the act Byrnes said that added weight must be given to it because Brown was chairman of the con ferees who adjusted senate and house differences in the bill When Aiken repeated the charge that it was a deliberately false interpretation inserted sur reptitiously in the record Byrnes replied with some heal I think the senator from Ver mont ought to say that in the J5k ot allifdD m Egypt was seen as a possible second front to relieve dtariSyheld St and Mozdok but d Supporting the British desert drive were RAF raids on the Itilim Genoa arclecOarsenals and embarkat on points of All seacra Celled Matruh Evidently fearing blows by F gifting AXIS ATTEMPTS TO CLOSE LINE MEET FAILURE British Infantry and Tanks Advance Under Strong Aerial Cover CAIRO its taclc Britains army of the Nile beat oil German and Italian at tempts to close the gaps driven into the El Alamcin line and moved infantry tanks and mobile artillery forward Monday under strong aerial cover for the ex pected tcsl of strength Field Marshal Rommels main tank forces Much of the battle still was being fought in the air where the black scorpion squadron of United States fighters shot down four or Sundays allied bap of seven axis plants United States bombers and fighterbombers joined British squadrons in virtually unceasing assault upon Rommels massing tanks his lines of supply and his grimly beset defense system in the 40 mile battle belt between the Qattara salt marshes and the sea Battlefronl dispatches indicated that the British eighth army had penetrated well into the axis ad vance system of mine fields Reds Repulse Fierce Nazi Assault RUSSIANS OPEN OWN ATTACK presence ot the senator from Michigan replied that he and ofhers had urged Brown o cor rect the record and had ar ranged a meeting with him to discussthe matter adding that Brown had not attended the meeting but had left to go campaigning in Michigan Earlier there were reports that Byrnes approved of a congression al move to kocp farm workers on the farni His advisory board soon is expected to begin a study ol the manpower situation Price Administrator Leon Hen derson denied he had indulged in deception and falsehood in es tablishing ceilings on agricultural commodities He said that GOday ceilings re cently fixed on eggs chickens butter cheese potatoes flour and other products included allow ances for government benefit pay ments under presidential directive and declared Were such payments not taken into account in fixing the mini mum ceiling prices the inflation ary impetus that would result would endanger the entire price structure and run squarely con trary to congressional intent Wilikie to Speak on Radio Monday Night NEW YORK IP Wendell Wilikie will be on the air for a 30minute talk at CWT Monday night It will be carried coast to coast by all four net works augmented by nonchain stations Willkies talk is expected to deal with his recent air tour around the world Wendell Willkics talk Monday night will be broadcast by Station KGLO Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy YANKS HOLIDAY WISHES EDITION CITY IOWA 1 Ilic OlobrGszcttr for Vorth Innans bc mailed In MlLITXnV EDITOR IVamc and Rank Latest Address Tour Namc Customers Find Sign on Restaurant Door DEDHAM Mass UR Cus tomers arriving for luncheon Mon day at Gilberts restaurant found the doors locked and a sign read ing No coffee No sugar No help 1G KILLED WHEN PLANE CRASHES Ferry Command Craft Falls Near Montreal MONTREAL per sons were killed Monday in the crash ot a Royal Air Force ferry command aircraft on the north end Montreal island Two of the dead were crewmen the others passengers The plane crashed 200 yards from the Vote de Leisee road two and a half miles from the Mont real airport at nearby Dorval An official announcement said names of Hie victims would bc Soviets Take Trenches and Blockhouses M O S C O W T Red army iroops held fast in blackened Stal ingrad Monday as the Germans launched another assault after furious arlillery preparation and ina fierce engagement which a times developed into liandto liand fighting expelled the nazi forces from a factory property into which they penetrated Sun day tlic midday communique said German infantry moved into the assault in a factory area with tanks leading Ihe way but the Russians reported lhat their artillery fire decimated and rut to flight an entire regiment of infantry The Russians then launched their own attack to drive the Ger mans from the ground they had gained the day before Reports from the front north west of Stalingrad continued to be favorable the midday communi que reporting that a number of 01 tie victims would bc us iu 1 numoer n made public as soon as the next Ucrman blockhouses and trendies of kin have been notified I were occupied five tanks dc Offictal sources said the plane I tloyccl allci n company of enemy was one which made trips to Lab1 mlanllv knocked out It is in this rador Unofficially it was indicated i that the passengers included some Royal Canadian air force per sonnel and contractors employes 4 AiRATTACKS MADE ON ITALY Only 8 Bombers Lost m Distance Operations By The Associated Press In the European sector of the air war there was an overnight lull while Britain Monday tallied the results of four smashing bomber raids in three days on northern Italys ports and indus tries The attacks cost only eight bombers to bovc into the flank of the inans to ease the pressure on Stal ingrad In one sector of this front 200 Germans were reported killed and the communique said that soviet scouts filtered through to the en emy trenches and killed 70 Ital ians The lull in the Mozdok area of the Caucasus where the Ger mans are tryinj to drive to the Grozny oil fields continued but the Russians said their artillery fire destroyed 20 trucks anil a company of infantry Red army reserves especially trained for street fighting were sent into Stalingrad as the Germnn assault grew more intense with the return of favorable weather It was not clear from dispatches whether the Russian gains within btalmgrad completely nullified me German occupation of two The Caproni bomber factory at I Milan urday night Only lew sticcts in llc as reported made 1 icw nours t nci earlier Milan had been raided by j ri i i i 11 f I f t daylight the first such excursion flontPt against northern Italy in this war boats The night raiders completed the job with a great tonnage of sornbs including twoton busters which devastated whole sections of this second largest Italian city Tied in with this effort to im pair Italys role in the developing battle of Africa was a British submarine offensive in the Medi terranean credited Sunday with sinking five Italian supply ships probably sinking an enemy de stroyer and an armed merchant cruiser and heavily damaging live other supply ships Dispatches from the northern how 15 enemy motor pontoon boats were de stroyed and 15 planes shot dowi in a land sea and air fight three days ago which followed an at tempted German landing on a so viet island in Lake Ladoga TWO DUCK HUNTERS DROWN MINNEAPOLIS Min Two Minneapolis men drowned during the weekend while duck hunting near Osakis Minn Oscar Crandall 49 and Carl Siidmeicr were drowned when their boat capsized Italians Declare Effort to Land at Matruh Repulsed By The Associated Press The Italian high command said Monday that a British at tempt to land troops deep on the seagirt flank of theaxis at Egypt had been re pulsed as had all frontal as saults Malruh about 125 miles of the El Alamein front was raided at the outset of the offensive by light seacraCt the British have announced The purpose of the raid ivas to harass that base the British have indicated but the Italians said that the boats were loaded with troops and were turned away by air assault The German radio boasted thai 104 British anks had been knocked out on the El AJamein front on Saturday and asserted that the large scale allied of fensive hail been warded off but fiKhtins nevertheless con tinued barbed wire barriers and slrong points and were fanning out to ward his main defense centers The London Evening News said the attacking force had penetrated Rommels minefield defenses in all three sectors of the El Alamein central and south Cairo dispatches published in London newspapers said two axis defense lines had been overrun in one sector in a twomile advance half way through the enemy de fenses A communiiiue saiil armored units on lioth sides hail been in volved in preliminary engace mcnts and reported that the enemy was unable to dislodjsc our troops from he areas al ready gained Up to S p m Sunday the war bulletin announced 1450 German and Italian prisoners had been taken The Black Scorpions operat ing from a desert base reported shooting down four and damaging tnree axis warplancs over the El Alamcin battlefield as the Ger mans and Italians sent up more planes in an attempt to ward off allied bombing and strafing Only one allied plane was lost in the sharp dogfights fought all the M from 16000 Icet down to 1 500 Fighting French forces with the eighth army were described in London as the largest French force yet io participate in the isorth African operations Thcv arc commnndcd by Gen rie minat and include Syrian rein forcements 11 n cl e r Brig Gen Pierre Koenig who commanded the Fighting French stand at Sir Hachcim oasis during the German offensive which drove the allies out of Libya earlier this year Axis air activity increased somewhat Sunday as Rommels flyers sought to ward off the terrific bombardment to which his ground troops were bcinir subjected but allied pilots had a successful day shooting down seven enemy planes and damajjinf many more head quarters declared An axis sup Ply ship also was reported bombed and sunk in Tobruk harbor The communique mentioned only minor clashes between ar ay
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