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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 19, 1942, Mason City, Iowa VM r NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES OtS UOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PKESS UJgWD LEASED WINS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE j v i lf J v fcjv vunallo ur VT rfv SECTION ONE NO 8 USBRACES FOR SOLOMONS ATTACK U Slighter Plane Performance CRITICISM MADE OF CRAFT IN OWI REPORT Report Demonstrations of American Planes Improving in Combat WASHINGTON JS Coupling unvarnished criticism of American fighter planes with an overall analysis oX all army and naw air types the office of war informa tion concluded Monday that on average the combat performance of United States aircraft was good and improving In a 10000wovd report to the public designed to dispel the fog of confusion concerning American planes OWI said the truth lies between the two extremes of ad verse and favorable criticisms Specifically the document said 1 The Curfiss PiO Belt P39 and North American P51 standard army fighters already in action have many good points but are defi nitely inferior to foreign types in highaltitude combat Improved types are in production but have not been battletested yet 2 Chief fault of our fighters is the tardy and incomplete develop ment of the Allison liquidcooled motor 3 For daylight precision bomb ing our flying fortress B17s and liberator B24s are unsurpassed 4 Our medium bombers Mitch ell B25s and Martin B26s have BO competitors SjlJttest navy tighter dive Bomber already in action are the best carrier planes in the world 6 Other rccou naissance cargo and transport artillery firespotters etc are satisfactory in qualify within their own fields Stressing that only results in battle provide valid standards of criticism the report suggested no fui appraisal of our planes will be possible until the war has been won It told how alternate superiority of the United States and Great Britain in various types gave the united nations as a team a better choice of weapons than the enemy It declared of the future that the United States aircraft in dustry and services are in an orderly ferment of developing specialized aircraft of high and in some cases sensational prom ise of battle performance If cautioned hat recent air vic tories especially in the southwest Pacific may have resulted pri marily from specialized tactical situations which wont always be so favorable and warned In the months to come battles may be lost and crushing defeats may be suffered When we meet reversals and the pull to victory seems to grow long and hard it said Ameri cans will do well if they indulge to the full their genius for critical selfanalysis While asserting that America has lagged in developing hiRli altiludc fighter planes the re port found numerous favorable things o say about the same types In contrast to their tinsuttabil ity for high altitude service in Britain P39s and P40s the report said have shown on the record that they are valuable weapons in Russia and in northern Africa In these matters the at planes are needed primarily relatively low altitudes to co operate with ground forces and have frequently bested the most highly vaunted of German air craft The P39 was accorded an extra good mark for work in he Aleutians against the Japanese ti In the Pacific OWI added army flying equipment can hardly be sain to havehad a fair trial The agency pointed out that in China where the American Volun teer Group flew with the aid of the excellent Chinese air raid warning system the Ameri can ships destroyed 218 Japanese planes with the loss of 84 Ameri can But in the February raid on Port Darwin Australia eight 10 Of PlOs were shot down by the Japanese mostly becauseof lack of warning Likewise in the Philippines army craft were ham pered because the air raid warn ing system was disrupted by fifth columnists before it had once functioned Falling back continuously on inadequate fields with inad equate facilities alt through the Fire Levels 3 Lakoto Buildings STORY ON PAGE 8 leveled three buildings and gutted a fourth in the was left shows the tangled metal debris all that was lert attei flames swept through trie structures Several other business structures in the town caught fire several times but were saved Photo by W L Se Japanese drive to the southwest Facific performance was decidedly less than standard for its own In the vital European theater the report said appraisal of our older fighter Bell P39 and Curtiss the conclusion that they are not right for operation under todays high altitude tactics in England Two newer fishier types the twinengined Lockheed P38 lishtniiig and the singlecn Siiicd republic P47 thun are in production and show great promise as highal titude pursuit planes Yet the public should be warned A That neither plane is the com plete answer to the fighter problem probably no plane ever will be and B neither has been tested qaately in battle While contending that reports have established the sup remacy within their own fields of the fourengined flying fort ress and liberator bombers the OWI disputed claims of superi ority sometimes made for the fourmotored Lancaster bomber of the British RAF The Lancas ter OWI said can carry a heavier load of bombs only because it is designed to fly much lower and carry less gasoline on shorter missions Stripped lo do the same kind of a job the American planes could easily increase their bomb load the report claimed That ade battle USE INTERPRETER IX TEST required the services of an interpreter but nine Polish women successfully com pleted final practical examinations in standard Hed Cross first aid Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Monday after noon Monday night and Tues day forenoon IOWA Little change in tempera ture Monday afternoon through Tuesday forenoon occasional light rains extreme southeast and extreme south central por tions Monday afternoon MINNESOTA Little change in temperature south east portion Somewhat wanner west and north portions Monday afternoon through Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 71 Minimum Sunday night 37 At 8 am Monday Ji YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 52 43 02 73 32 35 52 45 26 of Possible Allied andard for A Actionm AJriea Ste Axis Vichy Regime Runs Into Grave Difficulties in Relations to Nazis By 11ARRIS ON S AUSBTJRY United Press Staff Correspondent A possible allied offensive in Africa held the center of war interest Monday There was no concrete indica tion that an allied move in Africa would be forthcoming but the axis radio made evident that the enemy was nervous over rumors of the possibility France held a key position in the African situation and there were multiple signs that the Vichy regime of Pierre Laval was running into grave difficulties in maintaining its position between Germany and the allies French newspapers and radio stations particularly those con trolled or strongly influenced by the nazis shrilled their alarm over reports of U S troops ar riving in Liberia 600 miles or so south of Dakar the big west African French naval base On the one hand the pronazi French characterized the Ameri can troop movement thus far unconfirmed by Washington as an act of provocation against Dakar On the other hand they scoffed at the idea of an allied offensive Nevertheless Fighting French sources in London reported that Vichy had shifted heavy naval strength lo Dakar The French naval forces said lo be available there included the battleship Richelieu three modern cruisers at least three destroyers and a flotilla or more of submarines The presence in London of Premier Field Marshal Jau Christian Smuts of south Africa aroused considerable interest since it seemed likely that he would he consulted fully on any allied moves in Africa The London press speculated that decisions on actions for next year or earlier were being made Comcidcntaily with Hieappar ent crisis involving colonial France the relations between Laval and Germany were subject to increased strain due to Lavals inability to meet nazi demands for a draft of French labor for German war factories Adolf Hitler was said to be considering tossing Laval over board and replacing him with one of his radical pronazi French supporters in Jac ques Doriot Hitler also was asserted to be irritated by Italys failure to con tribute more effectively to the axis war effort What German HORSE THROWS DANISH KING Ruler 72 Taken to Castle in Ambulance BERLIN From German Broad Christian X of Denmark was injured Monday by a fall from his horse and the ac cident in view of his age 72 is causing great anxieiy throughout Denmark the Transocean Agen cy reported from Copenhagen The king who recently ered from a gall bladder infec tion went on his habitual morn ing ride and shortly alter he left was a subject of speculation KING CHRISTIAN X from horse the Amalicnborg castle the roy al palace his horse shied for some unknown reason then bolted the dispatch said The king succeeded in rcinin in his mount but it stopped si suddenly that the king wa thrown and his head hit a stone Passcrsby hurried to the scene and helped the king whose face was bleeding profusely to hi feet The king was taken to casllt Amalienborg in an ambulance It is learned that he did not suffer brain concussion A Stockholm dispatch quoted Ihe kings physicians as saying that his injuries were not serious but that he must spend some time in bed His wounds were described as a cut behind the left ear and cuts on his lips There was no fracture they said Buy amp carrier hoy Savings and HEAVY COST IS PAID BY NAZIS FOR BLOCK GAIN Reds Believe Force of Onslaught Is Lessened in Stalingrad Battle MOSCOW troops idvancing over the bodies ot hun dreds of heir dead added a new olock of Stalingrads crumbling Buildings to their holdings within he city Monday as the Russian defenders moved in fresh troops in a desperate effort to blunt and defeat the latest nai assault now n its sixth day Nevertheless the force of the onslaught seemed lessened from the fury of attacks earlier ill the siege and some observers here questioned whether this was due to an exhaustion of forces or to a German shift of strensth to the west lo face a possible sec ond front The danger Jo Stalingrad still acute with the German attack concentrated into narrow salients in a desperate effort to ichleve a final breakthrough Earlier reports had placed the fiercest fighting in the besieged lty in the northern factory area Tnd it was assumed that the new erman gain was registered here Hundreds of enemy dead were eft in the street and 18 tanks were knocked out the midday com munique said Fourteen German planes sup porting Hie German assault wercbronehtdown byredair force pilots and antiaircraft fire the communique said indicating the intensity of the German drive toward their objective Among the axis troops thrown into the storming battle for Stal ingrad the Russians said was the Croatian legion of 4001 troops forming part of the 100th Ger man light infantry division Pravda reported that of the ori ginal 4000 members of this legion a single company or ap proximately 200 men remained as the German commanders re lentlessly pushed their troops to ward the Volga river The fighting northwest of Stal ingrad was only of local import ance the communique said it added that a German concen tration of infantry preparing for attack in that area was dispersed by red army artillery fire Ger man attacks in other sectors of this area were repulsed it was re ported Red army troops resisting he German drive toward the Grozny oil fields in Hie region wiped out three com panies of German infantry and destroyed 11 tanks in repuls ing an attack there the mid day communique said The fighting in the Caucasus at Mozdok and Novorossisk the Germanoccupied naval base ou the Black sea was pushed into the background by the dramatic defense of Stalingrad Kadens Three State Crime Arrested Confesses Admits Nearly All of Many Crimes Charged Against Him by FBI CHICAGO the act of committing a S650 currency change robbery Invin Kartells army deserter and threestate crime wave captured Mon day and subsequently confessed almost all the crimes attributed to him by the FBI Until he deserted ho armv at Camp Grant 111 on July HKa dens was a law respecting husband and father of two small daugh ters Monday his crime spree ended Mith Policeman Richard Nel son clubbing him unconscious in defiance of a warning that Kadens answered he first question with gunfire Crimes by the ropes kidnaping mc Hie shooting of a solved with Kadens capture said Police Capl Louis Klatzco He admits about 50 robberies and other crimes the captain1 said and Kadens interjected About 75 would be closer The uppclalion three slate crime was hung on Kadens by Director J Edgar Hoover the FBI Detroit authorities added on Sept 10 that lie was one of the most desperate criminals at large Kadens appeared at a cur rency exchange on West Madi son street Monday carrying a nickel plated pistol which had been covered with black tape While he was threatening em ployes au alarm was sounded and police reached the exchange as Kadens was departing Of ficer Nelson beat him with his sun and the was retrieved Reporters were permitted to the jFlIImdre nolice station Kadens talked freely Asked why he started on a ca reer of crime he said I was hit by a major at Camp Grant He struck me with his fist and I fell and my head hit a chair Prom then on I had no re spect for the army Captain Klatzco interrupted to say that a gun had been stolen and Kadens had been accused after which an altercation ensued Taking up his story Radons said he had suffered a bad headache and decided lo commit suicide on Oct 22 his thirtythird birthday by leaping from the highest build ing in Chicago He added Jt was going to cel ebrate before I died I didnt want to live any longer than thirtythree ycarsNow I guess Ill have to live a feudays more Captain Klilxco said Kadens confessed robbing n policemans home in Detroit stealing a pislot and badge after which he com mitted some taxicab robberies and abducted a couple whom he drove to Chicago He said he guessed he had raped the woman twice I shot that policeman in Chi cago Joseph Krysinki on Sept Kadens said I committed about five other attacks on women I was all over the state of Ohio When 1 got back lo Chicago 1 lived in the best hotels Money never worried me t took bctwcci IRWIN KADENS Crime Wave five and ten thousand dollars I had a good time I gave tips I bought new suits and had my clothes all over town I had lady friends all over the United States too And 1 dont want lo sec my family According io Hoover Kadeiis a law abiding husband and father of two small daughters descried the army at Camp Grant 111 on July 14 and on Aug 16 robbed the home of a Detroit policeman taking a pistol uniform badge and hand cuffs jjt Thereupon Hoover related Ka dens embarked on a reign ot terror that included one kidnaping five rapes 17 robberies and 10 auto mobile thefts many from taxicab drivers His crime career coverec seven weeks He had no previous criminal record Hoover said Leaves Note in Safe After Taking MINNEAPOLIS Minn lice Monday were searching for a tavern handyman xvho allegedly opened the tavern safe and re moved S238 and left a note thanking the proprietor for th good haul Ben Ranum the pro pricier reported to police early Sunday he had discovered the theft when he opened his estab lishment for business He fount his tavern had not been cleaned and that the handyman had lefl mops and brooms where they had been the night before Soldier for 29 Years Asks for I st Furlough WASHINGTON 2 years of service in the army SlafJ Sergeant George Dolinszky ar mored force school Fort Knox Ky made his first request for furlough and was granted 10day leave But eight days was all could stand so he came hack camp Buy War Savings Bonds am Stamps from your GlobcGazcil carrier hoy KRASNAYA SLOBOOA STALINGRAD ALLIED PLANES MAKE RAIDS ON SUPPLY BASES Targets Provided by Concentrations of Nipponese Vessels By CLYDE A FARNSWORTH Associated Tress War Editor United States and Japanese bat lc lines were drawii Monday for i showdown fight on Guadalcanal n the Solomon islands of the southwest Pacific U S marines and army troops entrenched in the greenery of Guadalcanal were ready for full scale assault by Japanese land forces which have been landed there with heavy equip ment in a mighty effort to wrest back the first fruits of offensive action in the southwest Pacific But the Guadalcanal force was lot alone in its ordeal Powerful combers from convenient bases in he MaeArthur command zone were engaged in repeated sweeps of Japanese supply lines and de pots in the northwestern Solomons Large concentrations Japa nese ships in the BuinShortland area were the particular targets ot allied bombers over the weekend They were believed to have hit three cruisers a seaplane lender and several other vessels Bum harbor was hit with 22 tons ot bombs dropped by tour waves of bombers in a second successive night attack In the first run over the Buin targets the heavy bombers strewed flares then bomb loads which included many halfton projectiles These fell cruisers de stroyers and transports in the harbor a Japanese naval base The first bomber wave also bombed and gunned the airdrome The second wave was credited with probable hits on three cruis ers the third bombed a seaplane tender and cargo vessels and tile fourth strafed and fired a cargo ship and damaged or destroyed seven flying boats The last raid saw enemy ves sels burning fiercely as the re sult of early attacks the Mac Arthur communique said All our planes returned In Ihe New Britain area allied medium bombers destroyed art enemy seaplane and bombed and fired a dock and village on Pilelo island In Guinea where Aus tralian land forces of the Mac Arthur command arc engaged in ilriviiiR the Japanese back across the Owen Stanley mountains the foe had been forced lo the north of Temnlelon crossinc just north of the main mountain pass sharp combat during tha day Sunday enemy casualties were relatively heavy said tho communique We captured mor tars light mnchineyuns and other equipment The enemy launched several local counterattacks in the evening which were repulsed with heavy losses That Ihe Americanheld air field on Guadalcanal was still in tact and operative despite Japa nese air and naval bombardment was indicated in a navy commun ique Sunday which said that army flying fortresses and navy and marine corps planes had repeat edly attacked Japanese troops gathered in force on the north western end of Guadalcanal Moreover U S fighters to gether with antiaircraft gunners completely wiped out a flight ot 14 Japanese bombers which raided the field on Saturday morning Two enemy fighters also were downed On Saturday nltcrnoon however only one of a similar enemy formation was believed to have been destroyed But the overall cost in Ameri can planes was only one 25 Killed as Plane Goes Beyond Airdrome LONDON least 25 per sons were believed to have died as a result of an air crash Sunday near a railway station when an RAP plane undershot an airdrome nosed over and burst into flames Men women and children leaving trains scattered wildly as the plane struck Women and chil dren were among the casualties but the complete toll was not known QUEEN FULLY RECOVERED LONDON Elizabeth is now fully recovered from a recent attack of bronchitis it was I announced officially Monday
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