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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 16, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DCS KOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT PRESS AND UOTTg PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWAIDAY THIS PAPEH CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE ONE JAPS SHELL GUADALCANAL Germans Gain in New Smash Into Stalingrad CLAIM HALF CITY OCCUPIED IN NIGHT FIGHT Reds Admit Defenders Fighting With Backs Close to Volga River BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Adolf Hitlers siege armies sud denly renewing the fury of their 53 day old assault on Stalingrad reported Friday they had broken through to the Volga in a violent night attack occupied half the city and captured the big Dzer zhinsky tractor factory in thc northwest section Once again a grave crisis ap peared to be developing in the struggle for he ruined Volga metropolis as the Russians ac knowledjed that German tanks and infantry had knifed danger ously into soviet defense lines Nazi troops perhaps 30000 strong led by 100 tanks and sup ported by aOO rjlanes were re ported spearheading the attack Soviet dispatches conceded that lulumg provisions f army defenders were now such public officials with their backs perilous umoiais tp cover of darkness before dawn Friday At noon the Russian command said the Germans had seized sev eral streets and indicated that so viet troops had little room left for maneuvers in one section on the west banc of the Volga The coming winter makes the Germans hurry said Red Star The vile enemy aims to capture the city at any cost Hundreds of German corpses littered the streets and more than 3S nazi tanks were smashed as the Russians beat off seven at tacks in the city Friday the soviet command said but despite their losses the invaders pressed for ward in a climactic attempt to ful fill Hitlers boast that Stalingrad was doomed Jf if if The Berlin radio asserted tdal Ihc siege armies had broken the cornerstone of the Russian defense system in the northern sector and occupied the west bank of the Volga along a two mile front Soviet resistance now is con centrated mainly at the Red Bar ricade gun factory and the Red October iron works south of the captured Dzerzhinsky tractor fac tory the German Transoccan News Agency reported This small triangle of defense is located northwest of thc Ger man offensive wedge in the debris of the Spartakovka JRynok scttle ment A nazi broadcast admitted that the Russians still held thr down town sector of thc city however while the soviet command de clared the new outburst had cost the invaders more than 1500 dead V At the same lime Ihe Rus sians were officially reported to have grained fresh ground in local attacks against the Ger man flanks north and south of Stalingrad and maintained their defenses in the mountain passes deep in the Caucasus where the nazis are driving toward the Grozny oil fields Red Star said the Germans launched their newest offensive Wednesday attempting to strike by surprise after the German radio in an evident ruse inti mated last week that nazi assault troops would be withdrawn and mat the finishing touches would be left to bombers and siege guns British Occupation of Madagascar Continues IQNDON troops continuing their occupation of Madagascar Thursday captured Ambositra 142 miles south of Tananarive the island capital an army communique announced Friday This advance the bul letm said met with the usual number of road blocks and de molitions but little opposition was offered by French forces un til our column was nearing Am bositra Parley Backs 5 Per Cent Victory Tax WASHINGTON joint senatehouse conference commit tee agreed Friday to retain in the new revenue bill the 5 pel cent victory tax on all income of individuals over S624 yearly Making only minor changes in the form of the levy as it was adopted by the senate the com mittee acted to cut out of the bill a comparable 5 per cent with holding tax on net income previ ously voted by the house for the advance collection of income taxes This latter levy would have been increased to 10 per cent in 1944 Acting swiftly on controversial sections of the bill the conferees agreed to fix the credit for de pendents under the regular in come tax at S350 instead of the S400 level voted by the house and the senate figure of This reduced the prospective revenue from the bill bv an un determined amount In approving the victory tax which would be collected at the source from most wage and sal ary earners beginning next Janu ary 1 the conference committee agreed to exclude from the with holding proves fees o ind others instructed oraft language to regular the col lections on persons whose earn ings largely are from commis sions and moved toward clarifi cation of provisions requiring em ployers to furnish employes with receipts for the amounts with held from the latters pay checks DIES OF SUFFOCATION CLINTON Hueb ner 58 Clinton laborer died of suffocation Thursday when earth walls of the ditch he was diggin caved in on him Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Little change m temperature Friday afternoon Inclay night and Saturday fore noon light scattered showers Friday and Saturday forenoon FLYERS START LARGE FIRES IN RAID ON KISKA 3 Enemy Airplanes in Water Destroyed US Extends Occupation WASHINGTON air attack on the Japanese camp at Kiska in the Aleutian islands started many large fires and de stroyed three enemy seaplanes on the water the navy reported Friday The raid was carried out Wed nesday by army liberator bomb ers accompanied by twin engine lightning fighters a communique said While the bombers rained incendiary bombs on the enemy camp the fighters strafed and de stroyed the Japanese seaplanes No enemy air opposition was encountered but one of the army fighters was lost The Alaska defense command disclosed earlier Friday that American troops had taken over another island in the Andreanoff group of the Aleutians in a rou tine operation On Oct 11 the navy communi que said army Jongrange bomb ers tion bombs on thekiskacamp but results were not observed The raiders Wednesday saw three beached and two sunken ships at Kiska the result of previous bombings US Takes Another Isle in Andreanoff s HEADQUARTERS ALASKA DEFENSE COMMAND fl The Alaska defense command disclosed Briday that American troops had taken over another island in the Andreanoff group of the Aleutians The action was described as a routine operation A Japanese plane appeared within a short time and dropped luo bombs on the new encamp ment but no casualties were suf fered The American troops encoun IOWA Little change in temperatered no resistance and no diffi ture Friday afternoon through making a landing on the Saturday forenoon occasional I JSl2nd u The bombs dropped by the Japa Coptured Joponese Saturday forenoon light rain in southwest and extreme southcentral portions Friday night forenoon and Saturday M1NNESOTA Little change in temperature Friday afternoon through Saturday forenoon FN MASON CITY lobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 63 Minimum Thursday night 34 At 8 a m Friday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum M HARVEST For Saturday Shoppers Mason Citys Harvest Festival continues through Saturday Oct 17 Local stores are now featuring great stocks of new fall merchandise So do your shopping in Mason City where you can find just what you want at thrifty prices And while visiting the stores dont miss the Harvest specials for Saturday nese plane fell far from their tar get HAMPTON HIGH HAS CHALLENGE Gathers l064Lbs of crap Per Capita If A MPT ON Pupils in the Hampton high school Friday morning issued a challenge to other schools in North Iowa to try to beat them in scrap collec tion as they brought heir per capita average to 1064 pounds in what is believed to be the most remarkable scrap collection con test in North Iowa The total collected in the drive by Friday morning was 157 tons Two city blocks have been roped in front of the high school and are covered with brought in by the pupils scrap Freshmen students led the classes in the close contest with an average of 1252 pounds apiece The quota had been set by school authorities at 100 pounds a pupil Indian Is Sworn Into Service for WAACs A Marine Digs In i Vu uses his bayonet to dig a foxhole out beyond his front lines as mopping up operations against Japanese patrols continued on Guadalcanal The navy in Washington has announced that the Japanese have suc ceeded in landing heavy reinforcements on the island and that indications point to a major battle with the enemy i he navy said Japanese warships also had bombarded the aufield on the island Hundreds of Bombers Drop Block Busters on Cologne British Lose 18 Planes in Heavy Night Raid Great Fires Started LONDON biggest bombs fell in crushing weight on Cologne Thursday night from a raiding force of hundreds of great fourmotored bombers after the RAF virtually had ignored the blackened Rhineland city in the four and a half months since it was made the target of historys first thousandplane raid The industrial Germanys bomb the general target of thc assault probably one of the largest against the nazi homeland in weeks the the hit widely Thc British reported losing 18 planes in the night attack and the Germans put British losses at 21 Block RAFs devastating twoton Cologne apparently was focus of the assault which German radio said scattered centers CHICAGO ff MicS Tony on carefully selected tar from gcls m the wwte area and some 21 a Sioux Indian from Crow Sioux City Iowa was one of more than 40 women sworn into the Womens Army Auxiliary Corps at the recruiting office here Thursday Miss Crow came here recently from Washington when workers of the office of Indian Affairs were transferred from Washington to Chicago CANCEL PARADE DUBUQUE Univer sity of Dubuques traditional homecoming parade through the downtown district has been can celed this year The homecoming celebration opens Friday night and ends Saturday night of the biggest were saved for Co logne attacked for the 110th recorded time and thc first since a great area of it was pulverized by an air force of llso planes on the night of May 30 The crews of Canadian squadrons in the attack said that great fires were visible long dis tances from Cologne and that the glow from the burning city could be seen on the homeward flight within 20 miles of the Nether lands coast Defense fire was relatively light and only a few searchlights were in action when the early arrivals reached their goal Later planes encountered heavier ground fire and night fighter planes ARMS DROPPED OVER FRANCE Vichy Broadcast Says Explosives Included NEW YORK reported hearing the Vichy radio broadcast a Laval government statement Fri day that arms and exptosives had been dropped by parachute in French territory The statement was issued fol lowing 3 session of thc Vichy cabinet CBS quoted it as follows The proposal of Joseph Bar Ihelrny keeper of thc seals und minister of justice the cabinet de cided to hand over to thc state tri bunal all authors or accomplices of acts which constitute n grave attack against the interior security 01 tnc state and were committed when arms and explosives were dropped by parachute in French territory Men 18 and 19 Read the U S Armys Message on Page 3 MORGENTHAU IS IN BRITAIN Reciprocal Aid May Be Under Discussion LONDON Morgen thnu Jr United States secretary of the treasury was disclosed Fri day to have arrived by plane in Britain Thurs day the first ajes cabirietjrpembcr to come here since the start of the wai M o r g e n thaus arrival was unheralded and the purpose of his trip was u nk n o w n but he was expect ed to give some Morgenlhau indication of his mission at a press conference later On his arrival Morgenthau went to a London hotel and conferred with United States Ambassador John G Winant One possible point expected from conferences with British of ficials would be reciprocal aid the reverse part of the endlease plan under which Britain is giv ing the United States war supplies involving many millions of dollars in bookkeeping exchange The visit also was in line will here NAMED DEPARTMENT HEAD IOWA CITY Joseph W Howe for 13 years a faculty member at the State University or Iowa college tif enginccrm of mechanics Iraulics Professor Howe vrrx II UMiai in acCOlllllS Ol o Pr r y C Pcan battles particularly i Ol i TOI H icif T of Prof Frederic years ago Nipponese Reinforcements More Jap Vessels Sighted Uy THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Navy announced Friday that large Japanese ve in force men ts with artillery have landed on Guadalcanal in the Solomon islands and arc now shelling our positions in a critical battle 1or the lower end ol I IIP win Hi archipelago tfl S6tls A navy bulletin also reported that a larjrc concentra tion of enemy ships had been discovered near Shortland island 2aJ miles northwest of Guadalcanal in addition to the powerful Japanese flotilla already hovering close to Guadalcanal itself Thtv comrminifiiio revealing thc presence of American torpedo boats in the Solomoiis area for the first time said swift mosquito water craft scored a probable tor pedo hit on a Japanese cruis er in an attack on enemy warship shelling Guadalcanal the night of Oct 1415 The navy did not state whether the enemy ships massed near ihortland island were transports First Major Test Provided Since Bataan By IOUIS F KEEMIE United Press Analyst The battle for Guadalcanal ap parently is furnishing thc first big test of Americans against Japanese m land combat iince Bataan MacArthurs men on Bataan and Corregidor showed what they could do against overwhelming odds Since the Japanese ure ap parently out to retake Guadalcanal at any cost it is safe to assume they will try to laud er ojia h men on Guadal canal to over whelm us by weight of num bers They had 7000 men re maining on the island attcr the American occu pation ot thc KEEMLE air field Since they they increased thc number to 12000 but that fig ure was as of last week They have made landings since then under the protection of warships and planes so that the number may have been increased to ID000 or more v The Japanese arc estimated to have nround 50000 men available in Rabaul and various islands of he northern Solomons Because of the short distance these can moved in small i at various points darknessIt would n is or warships but the implication was clear that thc Japanese were preparing to land still further heavy reinforcements Approximately 12000 Japa nese troops had been reported on Guadalcanal before the Japanese launched tlieir latest allout of fensive earlier this week A large number of enemy troops with equipment has been landed on Guadalcanal island and our positions are now being shelled by enemy Artillery onthe island thc navy said v Strong reinforcements of regu lar U S army troops in their first major aclion since the Irattic of the Philippines are bolstering thc u S marine defenders who cap ed Guadalcanal airfield last The navy made no mention of American warships cnsaccd in the areabut presumably power ful units of the Pacific fleet were cither close at hand or en route to combat the Japanese onslaught X During the morning of Oct M the nivy said searching planes sent out to scout thc enemy strafed and damaged nine enemy planes on bouts and landed I s unocr cover of uuitvncssu would be typically the evident Washington policy of Japanese to swarm in like mis in fInf officials scattered flotillas heedless of fusthand familiarity with the al losses in the certainty that some lied war effort a policy which would get through previously had brought such men as Harry Hopkins General George C Marshall chief of staff of thc United States army and others Of the size of the American holding force absolutely noth ing has been disclosed We know only that soldiers have joined the marines in defense of the island It is to be assumed that Ihc Pacific command does not regard these men as cxpcmta hlcs and that we arc not send ing a boy In tio a mans jot Hence one of the biggest land battles of ihc Pacific war may tic 1L iicuic war mav nc has been appointed head of the in progress Numbers arc nJt to leDarlmpnt nf innrl 1 i be compared with the astronomical r in accounts of Etiro Vi iii three sia In the South Sea islands 20 000 on a side is a lot of men thc beach at Rckata Bay Santa Isabel island about 115 miles north of Guadalcanal The same afternoon navy anr marine corps dive bombers o cortcd by fighters left Guadal canal to attack enemy transports approaching thc island In two attacks on the Jap ships they scored minor damage but lost one fighter Believe Series of Battles Under Way American nnci Japanese forces were faciievcd locked in a scries or liidcandseek bittles on land at sea ant in thc air in lire lower Solomon islands Friday with Hie fiifc of perhaps the whole southwest Pacific hanging in thc balance V A powerful armada of Japa nese battleships cruisers and first capita GUADALCANAL ISLAND
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