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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 16, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL XLVIII MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Tins PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE 1 YORKTOWN SINKING REVEALED t Pressure on Solomons Grows Heavier BIGSCALE JAP DRIVE ON ISLES HITS WITH FURY Reports to Date Indicate Marines Holding Positions WASHINGTON Japans expected grandscale drive to re capture the Solomon Islands and again point a dagger atthe Aus tralian lifeline appeared develop ing with doordie fury Wednes day Battletried American forces were fighting back savagely and thus far successfully The navy reported Tuesday night that heavy fighting had been in progress by land sea and air since Saturday night and that while details were lacking reports received to date indicate that the marines are maintaining their positions Creation of a new air command for the United States Pacific fleet and a shift in command of the southwest Pacific allied air forces a tightening of grand slrategy as the battle began to join a battle into which the Japanese war lords undoubtedly would throw all their available strik ing power I The changes in command gave to Admiral Chester W a Do not one minute as V sume that we Japa i nest on the run ffi In decorating 25 officers and tffnen at Pearl Harbor Tuesday the of the Pacific eet declared the Japanese were dangerous antagonists but he dded they have learned by now hat we also are dangerous antag msts who are willing and know ow to fight Despite counter attacks on Japa ese bases to the north and north est of the main American strong old on Guadalcanal island the javy reported the enemy was Ringing pressure to bear with ap jarently increasing force and had Ucceeded in landing smnll detach icnts of troops who tried vainly 3 recapture the Japanesebuilt infield under cover of shelling by lurface craft offshore While his bombers sought to distract possible supporting moves by attacking enemy ship ping and supply bases over a wide area from New Britain to the Tanimbar islands about 300 miles north of Darwin General Douglas MacArthnr announced the appointment ot Maj Gen George C Kenney as commander of allied air forces in the area Kenney 53 a hardbitten vet eran of combat flying who as a private in the World war during which he shot down two enemy planes ii France and who rose through the ranks to his two star generalship succeeds Lieut Gen George HBrett Brett was m the United States to undertake another assignment Maj Gen Ralph Roycc com mander of the 29th bombardment wing oE the U S army air corps and chief of staff to General Brett was also relieved and given an assignment in the United States At the same time a change in fleet organization was announced n Washington apparently de signed to give air officers greater responsibility for actual battle op erations Secretary of the Navy Knox appointed Rear Admiral John H Towers chief ofnaval aeronautics to the newly created air command for the Pacific fleet with the rank of vice admiral Towers who is 57 and who has been in naval aviation since 1810 vill be principal air adviser to Admiral Nimitz K P Habit EL PASO Tex JP Army labit has become second nature or Pvt William Kuehl Finishing a meal in a downtown restaurant ic absentmindedly picked up his dishes and headed for the kitchen FUGITIVE CAPTURED MOUNT PLEASANT cent Warden 41 who escaped from the prison camp at the state last week was taken into custody Tuesday at an orchard near here where he had taken employment Sheriff Manning J l Clinc announced Nations New Rubber Czar Steps in Swinging for One of Toughest Jobs in War Bill Jeffers Says Hell Do Whatever Necessary for Action WASHINGTON M Bill Jeffers bald stocky of fice boytopresident of the Union Pacific railroad stepped in swing ing Wednesday as the nations new rubber czar I am already at work the 66 year old railroader declared Monday night as Production Chief Donald M Nelson an nounced Jeffers had been picked for what Nelson called one of the toughest jobs in he war program Charged with reorganizing con solidating and administering the governments efforts to alleviate the rubber shortage Jeffers is ex pected to become in effect com plete boss over the rubber reserve company and all other government agencies in matters affecting the rubber program I am placing Mr Jeffers in this post with the approval of the pres ident Nelsondeclared and f am delegating to him all my authority Irom this point on any problem connected with rubber is a matter for Mr Jeffers decision and I know he will do this job Indicating he intended to use the authority given him declared he would do whatever is necessary to carry out the as signment We do not need need action he said Blunt outspoken and energetic Jeffcrs was regarded here as a choice obviously dictated by Nel sons desire to have the rubber program directed by an executive with no roots in the rubber or petroleum industries Among other things to carry out the Baruch committee proposals Jeffers must work out a 100 000 ton increase in butadiene output to come into production in six months build facilities for pro duction of 100000000 gallons ot alcohol for use in the synthetic rubber program boost synthetic production to the point where it will be possible to relax restric tions somewhat on civilian drivin and increase the total annual out put of bunas allpurpose rubber from 705000 to 845000 tons This means I have a tough Job Jeffers declared But it is also a job for all the people of the United States Thebiggest stockpile of rubber we have is on the wheels of our automobiles I ask every motorist every truckdriver ev erybody who run a car to re member that he is now the cus todian of a material more precious than gold Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Rod and Gun Club Gets Results Bass for Rivers REDS SAY LINES HOLD INT ACT AS NAZIS ADVANCE Germans Lodge New Wedge in Stalingrads Western Defenses By HENRY C CASSIDY MOSCOW Russians announced Wednesday that heavy concentrations of German tanks and infantry preceded by a large air force had advanced slightly in a narrow SCCLOIot Stalingrads western defenses but it was im plied that the weary red army lines remained intact Red navy sailors and marines athwart the axis path down the Black sea coast from nazioccu pied Novorossisk were declared to have flung back an attack in one sector and wiped out enemy infantry forces elsewhere durin a threeday fight Soviet flyers and antiaircraft gun crews brought down 35 Ger man planes in 24 hours the mid day communique said The Germans lodged their new wedge in Stalingrads western de fenses only at heavy cost and artil lery and antitank rifles alone ac counted for half a dozen nazi tanks the communique said A dispatch from the central Caucasus said the city of Nalchik roughly 30 miles south of the nazi occupied railroad town of Pro ihladncnski remains in Russian hands but the inhabitants were preparing for an attack Railways of Stalingrad are under constant attack but they operate on a 24hour basis even when bombing requires frequent halts the army newspaper Bed Star said Stalingrad has rail lines north ward in the direction of Moscow westward across the Don bend and southwestward through Kotelni kovski and a belt line connecting these three outside the city Battlefront reports said the Ger mans lost 3000 men in a single sector where they attempted to capture a hospital building in an outlying section of Stalingrad The army newspaper said that in several places west of Stalin grad fierce attacks gainedthc Ger mans some wedges in the Russian defenses but in most of these sal ients Russian forces closed in again and forced the nazis out Russians fighting to hold the Mozdok area a key to the Grozny sil fields and a transCaucasian highway were reported to have wrecked 12 armored vehicles and captured a nazi troop train bear ing both officers and soldiers REPORfFARM LABOR SHORTAGE DES MOINES farm la r shortage particularly in north eastern Iowa was reported Wed nesday by the farm placement di vision of the United States em ployment service and other agencies The demand is for farm hands to take regular jobs In the dairy section cows arc being sold in some instances and the farmer is oing out of the dairy business or reducing the size of his herd be cause of the difficulty in finding help fc Factors in the developing short age of farm labor were given as he number of men taken by se lective service and he high wages offered for workers in war indus tries Bass for North Iowa rivers Mason City lucsday evening by a truck which brought them from Fanport near Muscatine The North Iowa Rod and Gun club to winch they were consigned immediate v dis tributed them to five selectee spots where the fingerlinjrs will grow to legal size for fishermens hooks One can went in above the Winnebago dam at Fertile two cans above the Red Mill dam in the same river One of them is being dumped above by A Zack left and Mike Zack Two cans went into the Shell Rock river one at Plymouth and the other at Nora Springs while the sixth can went to Beaver dam at Rockwell All small mouthed the fingerlings came from the bureau of fisheries of the fed eral department of the interior The state conservation cornmiMion assisted the rod and gun club in getting he fish Lock photo Kayenay engraving USWiliOpen Information Office in Neutral Eire LONBON UP The United States soon will open a branch of ls office of war information in Dublin to tell neutral Eire why the united nations are fighting the axis and to counteract German and Italian propaganda it was an nounced Tuesday Richard Watts of the New York HeraldTribune left for the Eire capital Tuesday to take over the dual duties of running the OWI Branch and serving as press at ache io U S Minister David Gray U was understood Watts would Nibhc a weekly newspaper en illed America at Ed lion starting in October Order Fuel Oil Rations in 30 States WASHINGTON oil 25 per cent be low normal been ordered in a vast 30statc area for the coming heating season In addition to the 17 Atlantic seaboard states in which gaso line already is rationed supplies of fuel oil will be curtailed in these middle western states V Minnesota Wisconsin Illinois Indiana Michigan Ohio Mis souri Iowa Kansas Nebraska North Dakota South Dakota and Kentucky In an order Tuesday night au thorizing fuel oil rationing Chair man Donald M Nelson ot the war production board said the short age of oil remains serious de spite shifts in transportation and conversions to coal The fuel oil shortage resulting as it does from a Joss of tanker transportation is a war burden that should be spread over tho country as far as practicable Nelson asserted The middle western states although present ly approximately in balance are the nearest points from which fuel oil may be drawn with a mini mum of transportation facilities to mitigate somewhat the eastern shortage This withdrawal of fuel oils from the middle west neces sitates rationing in that area Under a coupon system to he set up by the office of price ad ministration rationing vary in different regions Details will not be announced until OPA has completed its plans During Jhe period Sept 1830 fuel oil deliveries in the rationed area will be under control Any fuel oil tank used for heating cooling or water heating equip ment in a private dwelling one designed for the occupancy of fewer than four families may be filled to capacity provided the tank does not exceed 275 gallons In other than private dwellings deliveries will be limited to 50 per cent of capacity Beginning Oct 1 no deliveries may be made without the written guarantee of the person receiving oil that he will surrender coupons when issued No one can predict now wheth er we will have a mild or severe winter Nelson said It is clear however hat common sense and good judg ment dictate the adoption of a rationing plan now By taking precautionary measures we can protect ourselves against what ever conditions prevail during the coming winter While declining an outright prediction Nelson said rationing might reduce normal winter use as much as 25 per cent He hastened to add thit a severe win ter or other unpredictable devel opment might even increase that figure substantially The rationing system will make provisions for supplementary al lowances in emergencies and in cases of unusual hardship but persons who were able to convert to the use of coal and omitted to do so will not he eligible for extra rations Nelson urged conversion from oil to coal in all cases possible be cause there will be a shortage of both gas and electricity in sonic regions this winter BRITISH REVEAL 2 SHIP SINKINGS LONDON loss ol the destroyers Sikh and Zulu in re cent operations olf Tobruk was announced Wednesday by the British admiralty Most of the crew of the Zulu have been saved the admiralty said and it expressed the hope that many of the crew of the Sikh had been able to reach land safely STUDENTS TO SPEAK IOWA CITY speaking students from the states high schools will be called upon to help present the issues and pro grams related to the winning of the war to various groups in their home communities Prof A C Baird of the University of Iowa speech department said Wednes day U S S YORKTOWN Youth Casually Confesses to Raping Killing Young Sisters Eats Big Meal Aids Officials Dragging Reservoir for Body BEDFORD CENTER N Y casual as a sightseer a 17 year old laborer stood near a huge reservoir early Wednesday and showed police where he tossed the body of one of the two young sis ters he confessed he kidnaped raped and killed Over there said blackhaired Edward Haight thats it He was expressionless wlion they pulled out the body of Helen Lynch stolid as when he confessed earlier with a smile his lips that he had strangled the childs younger sister Margaret 1 in a nearby woods Police booked him on murder and kidnaping charges after he told of events beginning when he Picked the childrenupin a stolen station wagon Monday night near their home here and drove four miles out of town Then I stopped the car and tied them both up with a rope Police Chief Frank Mallette said Haight told him I put a hand kerchief in Margarets mouth to keep her from screaming Tiie police chief said Haight re lated these details He attempted to rape Margaret but as the child tried to fight him off he mutilated her with a large hunting knife then he strangled lior He placed the body in the car alongside her gagged sister anil drove back to town where lie stopped in front of a store went in and bought a package of razor blades He drove north a mile and tossed the body in a creek Fright ened children found it there Tues day floating face up From there lie drove to the top of an incline overlooking the reservoir took Helen from the car and raped her then placed her under the car and drove the machine over her He mutilated the body and threw U into eight feet of water He was hungry then and drove to 1 lunch wagon where he ate heartily He drove to Stamford Conn where Connecticut state troopers found him at his home Tuesday after he worked nil dav cutting grass The car was found abandoned in Stamford It was days end to what police described as the most shocking onemail crime wave recorded in this residential communitya day that started early Monday when Haight stole the station wagon from a Stamford resident and started a daylong period of ac costing women The slain children were the daughters of a middleaged sales manager Patrick Lynch who first notified police of their disappear ance when they failed to reach home for supper Their mother a tuberculosis pa tient in nearby Grasslands hospi tal the last six years was told only that Margaret was killed in an auto ORDERS BRAZIL TO MOBILIZE HIO DE JANEIRO dent Getulio Vargas ordered gen eral mobilization Wednesday throughout Brazil Brazil declared war against Germany and Italy last Aug 22 after incurring heavy losses from axis attacks on her merchant shipping Since then Brazilian sea and air forces have been helping the al lies combat the enemy sea menace The general mobilization ex tends steps already takenby the Brazilian government which have put the nation on a military basis Brazil could place 250000 trainee infantrymen in the field 17th Brazilian Ship Sunk by Axis Subs RIO DE JANEIRO number of Brazilian ships sunk by axis submarines was raised to 17 Tuesday when 116 survivors from three ships were landed here by the Spanish ship Cabo de Hor nos Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Widely scattered thunder storms through Wednesday eve ning Not much change in tem perature except cooler north west portion Wednesday eve ning MINNESOTA Scattered showers and thunderstorms through Wednesday evening Not much change in temperature Wednes day Cooler north and west por tions Wednesday evening IN MASON CITY Maximum Tuesday 7R Minimum Tuesday 60 At 8 a m Wednesday 66 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum RO Precipitation 108 Second Ration Book Will Be Xmas Gift WASHINGTON office of price administration announced Wednesday it probably would give he nation a Christmas present he first of ra ion books which Americans will be using for the duration the war Providing a quick method of ra mning any article or commodity is shortages develop war ration jook No 2 can be used for coupon such as is now employed n distributing sugar or for point systcm rationing such as that used in England permitting a consumer to spend a ration on different grades and kinds ot a general type of commodity Kach book is adequate for ra tioning at leas two major groups ot commodities for a minimum of six months A total of 150onoono copies of the book will be printed for dis tribution shortly before Christmas DPA said Each consumer will obtain a book on the basis of his previous registration for sugar ra tioning Work on tiie desijn of the three other books which OPA said would be necessary to complete the pro gram is under way with one ex pected to go to the printers before No 2 is off the press Explaining operation of the all purpose books OPA said that it meats should be the next generally rationed commodity for example one section of the first book could be validated as meal rationing coupons Subsequent rationing programs could be added as thcv developed Family Holiday WORCESTER Mass and Mrs Joseph p Wondolow ski celebrated their seventh wed ding anniversary Tucsdav the doctors 35th birthday his daugh ter Marys third birthday his son Josephs second birthday his brother Stanley won renomina tion as a state representative an other brother John came home on furlough with a secret bride a third brother Lieut Peter got married Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIobeGazcltc carrier boy JAP TORPEDOES SHOT WOUNDED SHIPATMIDWAY Casualties Said by Navy to Have Been Few on Plane Carrier WASHINGTON UP The five year old aircraft carrier Yorktown was sunk oi June 7 as a result of dam age suffered during and aft er the battle of Midway the navy announced Wednesday Its fate in many respects was similar to that which befell the carrier Lexington battle of the Coral sea The Yorktown was put out of action by enemy bombers and torpedo planes on the afternoon of June 4 Two days later as it was being towed to safety and pros pects that it might be saved had grown brighter a Japa nese submarine fired two torpedoes into the wounded ship The following day the lorktown capsized and sank Casualties were feu the navy said but did not give the fig ures The YorUowns losses were included in the total an nounced previously for the whole battle of of ficers and 215 enlisted men Previously the navy announced only that the Yorktown had been hit by Japanese torpedo planes and put out of action The only other previously an nounced U S loss in the battle of Midway was tiic destroyer Ham mann This destroyer it was re vealed Wednesday apparently was sunk by the same enemy submarine that delivered the coup dc grace to the Yorktown The Midway battle cost he Japanese more than 23 ships sunk or damaged and 275 planes destroyed The York town the navy re was seriously damaged and listed heavily as a result of the enemy bombing and torpedo attack on June 4 Because the ship was in imminent danger of cap sizing the crew was ordered to abandon ship and tugs and other salvage vessels were sent to aid the carrier A salvage party was placed aboard and the ship was taken in ton By the morning of June 6 the communique said the salvage party had been able to reduce the list and the prospects of saving the ship appeared brighter The destroyer Hammann was sent alongside to assist But short ly after noon on that day the en emys undersea raider sent two torpedoes into the York town amidships and two more into Hammann The destroyer soon ivcnt down The Yorktowus condition be came critical mid valiant efforts were made to save her while destroyers sought out the sub marine It was believed the submarine was certainly dam aged and possibly sunk i III the early morning of the fol lowing day the navy said the Yorktown capsized and sank as result of the cumulative effect of the wounds inflicted by the aerial bombs aerial torpedoes and sub marinetorpedoes The navy explained that be cause it had good reason to believe the Yorktotvns loss was not Known to the enemy it had with held the announcement pending developments which were vital o the operations which have been in proarcss in the south Pacific since early August The operations ap parently referred to the Solomons campaign The Yorktown was skippered by Capt Elliott Buckmaster a native of Brooklyn N Y whose home now is in Columbus Ohio The loss of the Yorktown brought to 41 the number of U S naval vessels lost by en emy action or other causes so far in this war This total in cluded 22 fleet type combat vessels Japanese losses so far total st least 258 ships sunk probably sunk or damaged This figure in cludes merchant types The Yorktown was among the fastest of the U S carriers which prior to the outbreak of war num bered seven So far the navy has lost two carriers the Yorktown and the Lexington The York towns normal com plement was listed in prewar
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