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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 19, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP o E P A R r u t N i o F r I S T 0 9 Y A J A i v I 1 I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOT YT VTTT ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL IEASED WIRES T V All FIVE CENTS A COPY FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 19 1942 THIS PAJEIt CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 267 COMMANDO RAID CONTINUES n M H n K H K K K x XTTXjririrxitirxH 7 5 British Canadian Fighting French Troops Take Part PREDICTS FOOD SHORTAGES FOR UNITED NATIONS Community Chairman Urges Steps Be Taken to Boost Production Brazil Hastens to Meet Threat of Axis Attack Locate Two Submarines in Atlantic WASHINGTON The United States and the other united nations are headed straight for an acute food shortage Chairman Hampton Fulmcr D S Car ot the house agriculture committee said Wednesday and nothing being done about it It will come about the end of 1943 the outspoken Carolina farmer predicted in an interview and the officials and bureaucrats handling the program now wont do anything about it until il smacks them right in the face Fulmer said he based his be lief on a growing shortage of farm labor and what he de scribed as an increasing ten dency to disregard the problems of the farmer Meanwhile the war production boards food requirements commit tee headed by Secretary of Agri culture Wickard recommendec government allocation of meat to butcher shops and other retai outlets to permit equitable dis tribution of limited supplies The plan the committee re ported to WPB would tend t give every area a fair shaream prevent some sections such a those close to meat producing cen ters and others with high pric ceilings from obtaining large portions The recommendation resulted from an unprecedented war de mand for meats during a sea sonal shortage that developed in several sections of the coun try particularly in the east The committee recommended giving each distributins agency a cer tain percentage of the meat sold in a similar post period The office of price administra tion was advised by the commit tee to devise a consumer ration ing plan for use if the allocations system and some readjustments in existing price ceilings on meats failed to accomplish an equitable distribution Fulmer asserted that despite governmental pleas for bumper crops to furnish food for the united nations the war food pro gram is failing down because farmers simply cannot get the labor they need to raise big crops He attributes this condition to the draft and the attractive pay offered by industry The only solution he could see he said was to boost farmers in come to permit the payment of wages could compete with offthefarm pay To this end Fulmcr said he planned to begin hearings soon on legislation to re vise the parity formula designed to give farmers a purchasing power in proportion to that of other groups It is obvious he asserted that the farmer is not gettint fair deal now Farmers constitute about 30 per cent of the popula tion but their share of the national income is about per cent Upward revision of farm prices Fulmer said need not necessarily bring about higher prices to the consuming public The farmer Is not celling the money the consumer pays for farm products he said Most of it goes info a costly and unnecessary marketing and distribution system which well could be done away with Fulmer expressed the opinion Leon Henderson and the office of price administration are hell bent and determined to destro agriculture and the small inde pendent business concerns and their Asserting he was not optimistii about the chances of revising thi parity formula he said Its a whole lot like the rubbe situation A lot of people investi gate it but nobody does anything about it until its too late RIO DE JANEIRO Brazilian soldiers on leave were recalled urgently to duty Wed nesday and the navy forbade furloughs for regular reserves as this nation at the gates of war hastened steps to meet the threat of axis submarines that recently sank five Brazilian coastal ships One of the submarines lurking off these coasts was destroyed by a United States plane a Bra zilian official anonunccd It was learned authoritatively that two submarines had been located at widely separated posi tions in the western Atlantic and that one was of enormous size Meanwhile a merchant marine spokesman said all Brazilian coastal waters were clear of shipping ana that 13 ships which were In the submarine zone had reached ports safely By DAVID J WILSON United Press Staff Corresponded HIO DE JANEIRO least one ofthe German subma rines that sank five Brazilian ship in coastal waters killing pcrhap 670 passengers and forcing Brazi to the verge of war with the axis was reported Wednesday to hav been sunk by patrol planes While angry crowds milled i the streets roaring for vengeance breaking up axis shops and burn ing axis flags the official nationa news agency announced that tw German submarines had been sunk It said an American plane piloted by Commander Jack Iacey had sunk a submarine Tuesday 50 miles from the coast apparently in the area where the ships went down Subsequently the sinking of a submarine by 3 Brazilian pilot in that area was officially announced One sinking was reported by In erventor Maynard Gomes of Ser ipc slate and the second by In erventor Amaral Peixoto of Rio e Janeiro state The possibility hat the announcements were for ic same submarine was apparent MOVE TO FINAL JAP EXPULSION FROM SOLOMONS TripleHeader Operation Is of Major Magnitude GENERAL MacARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia il final expulsion of Japan from the Solomon islands appar ently rested Wednesday on the completion of two tedious diffi cult jobs the mopup ashore where the United States marines have landed and the consolidation of naval mastery in that south Pacific zone This still was a tripleheader operation of major magnitude in volving land sea and air forces but every indication in the ab sence of official fact and figure pointed to accumulating successes For one thing the Japanese radio has begun changing its story on the battle and the only refer ence to it in the latest Tokio broadcasts was a commentators warning that the United States onslaught might lead to further attacks on Japaneseheld territory or even on Japan herself A report to Auckland from a New Zealand corespondent some where in the south Pacific said the United States had won sufficient successes at sea to reinforce and supply the assault troops for what may be weeks or months of ex tremely bitter fighting in the islands Japanese units which were APPOINTED TO OPA AMES I W Arthur Iowa State college extensioi economist and livestock marketin specialist has been appointed consultant to the office of pric administration in Washington There were 820 persons aboard ie five Itagiba arguara Arara and Anibal the government nnounced Monday had been sunk n the past three days Scattered reports from coastal owns between Bahai and the northern border of Sergipe state and the National news agency howed that a total of 150 had ar ived in lifeboats Soldiers were aboard the Bae pendy and ftagiba Of 298 passen gers aboard the Baependy 27 were snvccl of 173 aboard the tagiba 103 were reported saved The national temper and speeches by President Gctulio Vargas and Foreign Minister Os waldo Aranba Tuesday indicated hat there would be quick dec laration of war against the axis Vargas with tears in his eyes from the front of Guanabara pal ice promised with the maximum igor to punish the axis crimi nals Not only the nazis and fascists xit all others suspected of such feelings will be put outside the Brazilian community ho said War materials soldiers women and childrenare at the bottom of the sea clamoring for justice and reaction In the interior of the country shovels and picks await the enemies of Brazil I understand your feelings of revulsion1 Arranha spoke for 10 minutes from the front of Ilamaraly pal ace and repeated Vargas assur ances that the Barbarism bel ligerency and inhumanity of Germany would not go un avenged You can go home safe in the assurance that the government is taking all measures to organize the country for an unprecedented victorious effort he said The Rio de Janeiro chief of po lice imposed a 9 p m curfew on all bars and coffee shops and a 1C p m curfew on all theaters and moving picture show houses to safeguard the public welfare He asked the public to stay at home after 10 p m the Solomons at the opening of operations either have been sunk or have fled to the Caroline is lands said this dispatch to the New Zealand press association Still however the fleet of Uni ted States Vice Admiral Robert Lee Ghormley and the landbased air forces of General MacArthur scoured thousands of miles of tiie Pacific on the watch for enemy ships Air patrols ranging far north among the islands above Aus tralia including one on which an airdrome at Kavieng New Ire land was bombed were reported in the MaeArthur headquarters communique Wednesday But in a continuing operation on such a broad scope as this first allied offensive in the Pacific of ficials are keeping a strict cover of secrecy on blowbyblow de velopments and Australian au thorities nrc abiding steadfastly by a policy of noninterference the United States navys running of its own show RAID SIDELIGHTS BERLIN From German Broad German DNB agency reported Wednesday night that a largescale allied attempt to land on the French coast near Dieppe had ended in debacle and that since Wednesday afternoon there was not a single armed British American or Canadian left on the European continent More than 1000 prisoners were taken by German troops the agen cy said and the allied losses men and materials are very high and cannot be surveyed The British previously re peatedly had announced lliat the raid on Dieppe was strictly a commando attack not an inva sion and that air forces would be withdrawn as soon as their objec tives had been attained So fai there has been no British word o the withdrawal except lor arriva back in Britain during the after noon of some of the commando who already had accomplishec their mission DNB said that German coasla artillery participated in the Dieppe fighting and sank numer ous British landing boats and tha several transports turned back t sea without having accomplishci their tasks DOUG FAIRBANKS ATTACHED TO COMMANDOS LONDON Lieut Dougla Fairbanks U S navy who has been in Britain for several weeks is one of the American officer assigned to the staff of Lord Lou Mountbatten head of the Britis commandos the United State headquarters disclosed Wednes day SAYS LARGER RAIDS CAN BE EXPECTED LINCOLN Nebr en larged commando raid on the French coast probably isnt a major continental offensive but bigger commando raids can be ex pected frequently until the second Scene of Raid ROD AT NAZI ANTIINVASION DEFENSE UNITS Allied Air Forces Maintain Protecting Umbrella for Attack BULLETIN LONDON com mandos were believed still fighting around Dieppe France as night approached and it was made known lhat the chief ob jectives of this Krcal raid of the war had been achieved ORLEANS v v TOURS V f LONDON nature of the coast around Dieppe at the western approaches to the Strait of Dover and less than 100 miles from Paris is indicative of the difficult and daring nature of the allied raid there Wednesday There are long stretches of open beach and ground before anyone coming from the sea can reach cover Continental neutral some reported for some time past that the Dieppe area was heavily fortified with many airdromes behind longrange coastal guns and much smaller artillery There as elsewhere along the French coast these sources have reported extensive German land mine fields and hidden forts in a strip 2f miles or more in width Reds Fall Back Anew in Don Bend Cart Before Horse AVER Mass Wadic B Patricks suitcase went on a Private Patrick He arrived at the station just in lime to see his train starting out He tossed the suitcase on to the rear platform then found he couldnt keep up with the train front is established Virgil Pink ley United Press European mana ger said here Wednesday Without being on the scene I would not of course venture an opinion as to whether the second front smash has actually been un dertaken said Pinkley Only the military command knows that But I do believe that the com mando raids in which the British commandos will receive increas ing aid from American soldiers will grow bigger and bigger and spread probably to Norway and other sectors The allies now have the necessary equipment to han dle such assignments including barges tanks and planes U S AIRCRAFT HIT NAZI BASE LONDON Stales flying fortresses raided a German fighter plane base at Abbeville Wednesday during the landing raid operations at Dieppe United States army headquarters announced A communique said bomb bursts were seen on the target area and the big fourmotor planes re turned safely Two squadrons of the gianl jombcrs took part in the attack They were supported by RAF anc RCAF fighters Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Slightly warmer scattered showers Wednesday night and Thursday morning IOWA Somewhat warmer cast and central not much change in temperature extreme west portion Wednesday and Wed nesday night scattered showers or thunderstorms north and west portions Wednesday night RHNNESOTA Not much change in temperature south portion somewhat cooler north portion Wednesday afternoon through Thursday forenoon scattered showers or thunderstorms northeast and extreme north portions fresh to moderately strong winds IN MASON CITY Maximum Tuesday 81 Minimum Tuesday 59 At 8 a m Wednesday 63 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 48 DES MOINES BROTHERS IN RANGERS UNIT DES MOINES Des Moines brothers disclosed Wed nesday as United States Rangers are as tough as they come Pvt Othel Greene 21 and Sgt Dick Greene 19 started fighting as boys winning numerous goldei gloves battles and it was no sur prise to their friends that they should turn up in the American version of the commandos Oldest children of a Des Moinei woodworker and his wife Mr an Mrs Othcl Greene Sr who alsi have another son and five daugh ters the brothers entered the armj by way of the national guard Othel was married while on fur lough last November He wrote and asked me if minded whether he went into thi new work said the young Mrs Greene who is a long distanc telephone operator and lives with her parents pending Others re turn I didnt say no but I told him Id rather he didnt NAZIS CLAIM TANKS DESTROYED LONDON nazicon trolled Radio Paris Wednesday night broadcast that all allied tanks landed in the Dieppe sector had been destroyed NAZI RESERVES CARRY BATTLE Russians Repulse German Attacks in Northwest Caucasus By HENRY C CASSIDY MOSCOW Germans oured strong reserves Wednes ay into the Don bend and Cau asus battles from south of Voro iezh to the high plains ot Pyati orsk and the bolstered onslaught iresaged a fullscale drive against Stalingrad and along the Baku ail line to the shores ot the Cas ian The Russians were fighting back iercely A communique declared hat the nazis gains since May 15 had cost 1250000 wice those of that Adolf Hitler was draining western Surope for the new fighting men required in the east The Russians fell back in he Don bend where their counter offensive appeared spent ami gave ground in the region of Pyatigorsk 170 miles southeast of the destroyed and abandoned Maikop oil fields In London a British source whom it was not permitted to iden tify by name said the Germans lad made some progress lowarc Stalingrad reaching but not crossing the Don river at the bend He declared however that Rus ian resistance had stiffened in the Caucasus slowing German pro gress considerably The nazi drive down the Rostov Baku rail line across the Caucasus had as its next apparent objective beyond Pyatigorsk and Minera lyne Vody the rail junction town o Georgicvsk only a few miles be yond the nazi spearheads Grozny heart of the Grozny oil field lies 130 miles southeast along the railway and the Caspian is IOC miles beyond Grozny In the Northwestern Caucasus the Russians reported repulsing German attacks In the Krasno dar area 60 miles east of the port of Novorossisk While the Germans succeede in somewhat pressing back ou troops in the Pyatigorsk sector Cossacks cut down 300 of them with sabers in a surprise vnid til soviet Information bureau an nounccd at midday Defenders ot the Krasnodar re gion of the western Caucasus counterattacking a t intervals routed a German infantry rcgi ment and destroyed many truck and seven German tanks th bureau said RODEO DRAWS 10000 SIDNEY crowd esli mated at 10000 persons attende the opening performance of th annual Sidney rodeo Tuesday Th show continues through Friday Vtanpower Commission Seeks Drder Stopping All Army Sfavy Voluntary Recruiting ik WASHINGTON war ianpower commission seeking ghter control over manpower re ources has voted that the army nd navy be ordered to stop afl oluntary recruiting it was earned Wednesday WMC Chairman Paul V McNutl as or soon will nsk President oosevell to order total responsi ility for procurement of fighting nen turned over to the selective crvice system it was understood Competent sources said such ac ion almost certainly would be ac ompanied by a request to con rcss that the minimum draft age e lowered from 20 to IB years McNutls proposal it was said still faces stiff opposition from the army and navy particularly the latter They argue that mor ale is more easily maintained among volunteers and that vol unteers generally arc of better personal anil physical quality McNuUs position backed strongly by selective service the U S employment service and the var production board labor pro luction based priuci ally on the belief that Ihe gov ernment not the individual is etler able to determine where a nan can contribute most effec tively to the war effort Mr Roosevelt has expressed no opinion on the issue publicly but t was recalled that his executive order creating the WMC instruct ed McNutt to work out an ovcral manpower policy even to the cx ent of recommending special leg islation where necessary The commission already is drafting a national war service bill which is expected to authorizi use of compulsion as a lastditch means to move recalcitrant work ers into war jobs and order com pulsory registration for war work of the nations 41000000 women from 18 through 64 years of age V Manpower authorities point ing out that voluntary recruit ing was stopped during the last months of World war I listed these reasons for WMC5 deci sion to favor similar action now 1 It would relieve the Individ ual of the difficult responsibilit of barrages o army and navy recruiting advei tising and white feather tal among his n should enlist or stick to his job where he often is more valuable 2 It would stop army and nav raids on skilled workers in wa and essential civilian induslrie Enlistments and the draft alrcad have caused serious labor shorl ages in the shipbuilding minin aircraft lumber agriculture an other vital industries Solid Fuels CoOrdinator Harold L Ickes Tuesday appointed a special com mittee to aid WMC and selective service in solving a progressively worse labor shortage in coal mines 3 Combined with labor draft ulhority it would give the fed al government complete effi ent control over humanpower csourccs a step long ago taken y other warring nations Observers generally agreed that action probably would he postponed until after the No vember elections since congress fearing political repercussions probably would avoid any ma jor decision until then 15y IIUSSELI LANDSTKOJl LONDON United States roops with Canadian British and Fighting French Lo m in a n d o s stormed the French coast on the broad beaches around Dieppe at dawn Wednesday and with tanks and the greatest aerial umbrella ever spread aloft fought on throughout the day against the German defenders Despite the unprecedented scope of the attack Hie British repeatedly lhat the action was not in invasion in tended to create a front in west ern Europe but was only a raid This was supported by the re turn to Britain during the after loon of some of the commandos who had accomplished their mis iion speedily The main battle ixiarcd on lowcvcr and the possibilities in icrcnt in the situation increased is night approached The constant nC nore than 1000 United States irmy UAF and royal Canadian lir force fighters and bombers British frontline airdromes o the battle zone in France sug gested lhat at least the great as sault might be a test to determine whether such an aerial bigtop could positively protect a true in vasion force all day long The planes shuttled to the at tack and back for reloading and refueling so quickly Unit Hie scene at British airdromes rc ialled the battle of Britain in the fall of 1310 Starling at ctawn llicic never was a break in tiic procession Despite the great concentration of planes it was reported reliably thit no parachutists wcro used The Americans carefully cluucn volunteers caller the Rangers were the first American fighting New indication of the situations rowing tightness came from ectivc s e r v i c c headquarter vheie a high official reported tha ocal draft boards arc finding i icccssary to clip further and fiir hcr into reserves of men dcfcrrcc or dependents However that of ictal described as n misimdcr tanding reports from Boston of i statement by Ted Luther a sc cclivc service public relations of icial that n sencral draft of voiing married men with depen dents will come in the not far listant future The headquarters spokesman who asked not tt be quoted dircct y said there is no immediate ikelihootl cf a change tn a July H directive to local boards that such men not be called to the col ors until further instructions have been issued from Washington He declined to estimate when men witli children would begin to c called But he did say It should be perfectly obvious that you cant have your cake and eat it too in a situation like this cant have thousands of men deferred in war industries and other essential activities with out dipping eventually into the married men Continue Search for Blimp Crew SAN FRANCISCO navy sea patrol of air and surface craft continued Wednesday a search for the twoman crew of a derelict patrol blimp in the waning hope that the men may be afloat sup ported by their Mae West life jackets The blimp assigned to antisub marine patrol crashed Sunday in suburban Daly City after drifting aimlessly inland from above the ocean LONDON German news agency dispatch broadcast by Berlin said Wednesday that the British bad iandcil tanks on the French coast Wednesday niornmff and that operations continued The Berlin broadcast of thr dispatch was heard here short ly after a ni many hours after cummandos landed on the Dieppe channel coast men to set foot on Germancon trolled soil in this war and first to go into action in Europo since 1918 Escorted by British anil Cana dian fighters squadrons if the United States army air forces Flyinf Fortresses smashed at one base of navi aerial resistance in a highlevel IiomliiiiR of a German fighter station at Abbeville 38 miles northeast of Dieppe setting buildings afire and smashing runways H was the second daylight operation of the fourmotor American bombers over France and as in the first raid two days ago on Rouen 38 miles south Dieppe all of the bombers re turned safely From dawn on through late aft ernoon the constant shuddering roar of heavy explosions denoting the battles continuance shook buildings on tiic English side of liuchannel Hour after hour the batllc pro rcsscci with the rumble ot heavy gunfire and tiic constant roar of planes as audible testimony to the scope of the conflict on which al lied headquarters issued terse periodic communiques Canadians made up the major ity of the strong forces that drove across the channel to Dieppe 50odd miles from Bcachy Head the nearest point in Eng land and 100 miles from Paris Announcements from United Slates army and allied com
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