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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 10, 1942, Mason City, Iowa K. 4 Ftb. 23, W2 Meson City, NOftTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER rOt THC HOME MAJLB AU. MOtTM HOME EDITION TTTTTT MASON CITY, IOWA, MONDAY. Afdt'ST 10, 1912 YANKS INVADE SOLOMONS Meet the REDS DEMOLISH IN MAIKOP SECTOR Ccntrol Figures at Loke Regatta DcftMct ia Span of FootkBs Appear U Be Crftckiaf NEWS AM, Mcirua or CIXAE MGATTA ON FACES 14, Vessel Damaged Planned Landings Accomplished With Surprise Attack WASHINGTON. J. con. ctsoK- ia o! tie S. an-KKjoetd s-j-xttaaj ia tlfta-sf OB TSj, iof 8-Nazis ;Face Treason azid Ke rtyor.ta kast of osr was ;r a--i A. j is which fce Sie Press guardian of freedom Honesty needed in newspapers land newsprint. Advertisers not 'only help pay the high costs. but: Jin their own way. they provide important to intelligent buy- jing decisions in a free market. I The news must also reflect a free people to their [religion, education, art, science, sport, and much else so they! EDITOR'S NOTE: J. Ed- ;can guide by their own reflection. ward Murray is managing edi- requires taste and judgment.! tor of The Arizona Republic Sometimes it also calls for re-; and past president of The sistance to the temptation to give Associated Press Managing ;the readers as much crime, sex Editors Association. iand phony glamor as they want. i Secondly, a newspaper guards; By j. EDWARD MURRAY !freedom by commenting force- Let me retell one of the on giving wise news stories which probably on one hand, and on get much coverage as it the example 'of that independent, imormed and _ I refer to the birth of freedom, advocacy whica the cit- a good citizen. This requires incline: The moral, the; acter- esthetic, the intellectual? These are the newspaper's1 ideally, again, the good news- prime services to freedom: News paper serves both tradition and and comment. these spirjtual goals. This occurred a long time ago when evolution took an important turn. Somehow, man, the best de- veloped of the animals, began to act partly from free choice. We don't know why, unless we accept the explanation of the sec- ond chapter of Genesis which saysj that God breathed into man soul. I But we know how man first! began to use free ciioice. He be- gan to sculpt, to make images of gods, to draw and to paint. Freedom, the new engine oft evolution, built rapidly. j Conscience appeared, and with! it man's moral, ethical, religious! and spiritual quality. j Language appeared, aiding thej development of esthetic and in-! teliectual powers. Tradition appeared, embodying the best of what had been learned. This could now be passed from; one generation to the next by; speech and writing, thus incred-j ibly speeding evolution. i So, the foundation was laid for! progress up the new spiritual in-j cline toward free expression inj religion, in art, in literature, in music, in science, in play. But there was one difficult rule- for progress along the new road. Each man had to choose by and for himself to climb the new in- cline. The choice was always painful.; because it meant that the individ-i uai had to renounce the instinct- 1 ual-physical-sensual habits of mil-1 lions of years, his old animal hab- its from the other fork. Along freedom's for! only ;he freely inflicted pain of scii-disci- pline would yield growth and prog- ress. My purpose in reviewing the fundamental importance of free- dom in connection with National Newspaper Week is to emphasize once again the importance of the newspaper's basic purpose in a democratic society. Tna; is to serve as one of ;he guardians of freedom. guardians are ;he church. the school, the law anci courts. the government in some of functions, and many p r i v a e groups. To newspapermen, however, it always seems that the newspaper is front and center on freedom's defense iine. Ideally, the newspaper guards and serves freedom in many Ways. First and foremost, it provides all the important news, that is, the information necessary for in- telligent free choices by free men. This is a tremendous order. i The news must be fair and im-j partial. This requires basic hon- esty. news must be compltte. ThisArequires expensive coverage Ken hunse3f must to be Because they are so how does the newspaper anything less than complete in- treat freedom's great enemies: tegrity m their performance in lawbreaker, the official who free society seems a despicableih i d e s government information; thing, a perversion of one of which the people need, the public! freedom's foundations. servants who are otherwise dis-; There are other ways of the dictator whose first ing a newspaper's service to is the free press, and dom. communist who has not even un-; How does it treat tradition, that the new fork of; great ally of freedom on the is the road of fork of evolutionary progress? ifree. individual making free. iDoes the newspaper help preserve; choices? and transmit the best that manj Ideally, the good newspaper has learned? j the lawbreaker: How does the newspaper por-i the people's right to itray freedom's goals on the all public business: out and publicizes the' dishonest official; j the first sign of dicta- torial control of the press; communism as the main enemy of freedom. Even in fighting freedom's great enemies, newspapers do not always perform ideally. But readers expect them to. !And such expectation is high trib- ute. To an American farm boy whose older brother is fighting Japs somewhere in the jungles of South Pacific a farm tractor coold be dull and monotonous work. But not to a boy whole heart all in the war effort! As he up and down those endless rows of corn he lets his fancy His tractor becomem hit tank.The. cornfield, a jungle filled with hidden weeds in a field of corn are U treacherous, if not as deadly. The more weads he kills the better the boy on the tractor feels. For he knows weeds rob him of extra bushels in bushels he will need to feed his cattle and hogs in the fall and winter. And so American farmers and ranchers cany their offensive to the enemy by providing food for a hungry world at war. Millions of head of cattle, hogs and lambs will be raised and fed to be into meat and by-products ia meat pecking plants such as those of Swift Company. Amer x's meat packing plants are operating at fall capacity to handle this increased volume of livestock. Slaughter records for the first four months of the year show that Federally Inspected A wartime ad from the Globe meatpacking plants handled 52JC more hogs, 19X more cattle and more lambs than in the same record-breaking months of a year ago. This was accomplished despite serious shortages of expe- rienced help and other handicaps. Swift Company and livestock producers are working together to supply America at war with the meat needed to win. We have for your use tne following fihnc: "A Nation's Meat" ami Chickens, U.S. and Meat" Please feel free to ask us for them! SWIFT ft COMPANY Chicago 9, Illinois Lioutockpricetartthertttdtofcomptttiioe buy- ing by meat packing in the United and other eonotrnt
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