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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 24, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF CliMO i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 24 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 245 GERMANS HAIL FALL OF ROSTOV Officials See Alleviation of Meat Shortage in East Say Small Supply of Livestock on Hand for Demands WASHINGTON IP Officials expressed confidence Friday that a combination price adjustment and subsidy program to be in augurated by the agriculture de partment next week would help alleviate a seasonal shortage oE pork ih the east and parts ot the country distant Iron the major producing areas Shortages these officials who declined to be quoted by name said reflected a small supply of livestock moving to market at this time and a demand for large quantities of pork for lendlease shipments The situation was ac centuated by the fact they said that under OPAs price ceilings for meat the government was paying Hi cents a pound more for supplies for lendlease than prices prevailing in domestic markets V This situation they explained Caused packers supplying lend iease orders to bid up hog prices to a point where small packer supplying the domestic market could not compete except at a financial loss The departments program is designed to bring about a better adjustment in prices paid for Icndlcase purchases and ceiling prices prevailing for the domes tic market This adjustment will be sought by reducing the price to be paid lor lendlease ship ments The reduction will average about SI a hundred pounds in the midwest and about 75 cents in other parts of the country Offi cials said that by making the re duction smaller in the east pack ers in that area would be placed in a better position to compete with those the midwest The latter were supplying the bulk of the lendlease requirements The subsidy program involves contracts with financiallydis tressed packers under which they will be employed to do custom slaughtering for the government The government will buy hogs and pay the packers for process ing the meals The government will sell back about 25 per cent of the meat to these packers at prices which would enable them to sell under domestic price ceil ings and make a profit Officials expect the meat sup ply situation to improve within two months when this years rec ord hog crop starts moving to market in large volume HOUSE OKAYS SOLDIER VOTE Small Southern Group Vigorously Fights Passage WASHINGTON linn to allow members of th armed forces in the continents united States to vote in the 194 elections went to the senate Fridn after house debate in which th questions of poll taxes and Negr voters were bitterly discussed The bill was passed 134 to 19 but only after a small group o southern representatives fought i so vigorously that supporte charged they were carrying on filibuster Rep John Jennings 4 Ten bluntly charged that the rca purpose of the opposition is t continue to draw the bar siniste across the brow of the Negro citi The bill assures soldiers ma vines and sailors in the Stales and Alaska an opportunii to vote in the congressional clec tions if they are qualified n voters in their states To get n official war ballot1 howevei they must swear that they av qualified Rep John E Rankin D Miss led the opposition group of south erners and charged that Ihe bil violated the rights of the states t control elections He said it wa not legitimately reported b committee and that arguments i its favor were demagoguery Rankin and the other opposl tionists forced so many timecon summg quorum calls and roll cap that Rep John AT Vorys R O furiously called their filibuster tactics Germans Push on Key Russ Cities Officials Ask Segregation Be Continued MONTGOMERY Ala overruns of Alabama and Georgia liarged Friday that outsiders are tiempting to tear down the prin iples of race segregation in the outh Governor Frank M Dixon of Alabama accused two federal gencies of adopting policies which ie said would destroy segregation under which the white and Negro aces have Jived in peace together ince reconstruction Eugene Talmadge redgallused overnor of Georgia advised Ne roes who did not like the states egregation laws to stay out of Georgia and added Outside in fluences know nothing about the traditions and conditions here and should not interfere with the friend s h i p between the two races of long y e a r s standing D i x o ns as sertions e r e TALMADGE made in a let er explaining his reasons for not a contract with the de ense supplies corporation for 1 750000 yards of convictmade Os naburg cloth The contract con tained a workers nondiscrimina Uon clause Should we sign the contract with this clause included he wrote Ralph D Williams New York agent for the federal agencv Ve can expect the fair employ ment practice committee immedi ately to descend upon the state with the demand that Negroes be Jut in positions of responsibility m the states prison cotton mills He asserted that under cover of ihe discrimination by seller clause contained in war contracts the fair employment practice com has been operating to force Negroes and white people to work together intermingle with each other and even to bring about the situation where white employes will have to work under Negroes Talmadge now campaigning for a fourth term as Georgias gover nor made his statement in his political weekly the Statesman in commenting on indignation tele grams he received after Roland Hayes Negro concert singer charged he was beaten recently by Home Ga police The Georgia governor said both whites and Ne groes in Georgia approved of law providing separation of the race in public places Talmadge forced the ouster of several Georgia educators last year on charges they advocated racial charge they denied The ousters are an issue in the present gubernatorial cam paign Rostov 1 was approached on three sides by German armies which claimed to have captured the city Another iiazi push reached Tsimlyansk 2 with the threat oE developing into a drive to the Stalingrad railway 25 miles farther and flanking the at tack on Kostov and on Stalingrad already menaced by armies coming down from Bognchar and astride the LikhayaStalingrad railroad Siamese Twins Condition Good DUBUQUE three dayod Siamese twin girls were reported in good condition at Mercy hospital here Friday by Dr Carl B Kail attending physician The twins daughters of Mr and Mrs Floyd Sabers young farm couple living near New Vienna arc responding satisfactorily to their formula feedings Dr Hall said He added that the babies had passed a highly satisfactory night TO CONCENTRATE MANUFACTURING New Program Will Confine Civilian Goods Production WASHINGTON gov ment has adopted a new industrial mobilization program to concen trate most of the manufacture of civilian goods in a comparatively few plants Production Chief Donald M Nel son announced the program Thurs day night He said that present measures had been inadequate to get the needed war seeds so the war production board has ap proved a new policy under which certain plants will be designated to carry on the civilian business of entire industries This would mean for example that only a few stove factories might be kept operating The rest would be shut down or turned over to war work The war production board would guard against letting a few com panies dominate an industry after the war It would require the factories to make a standard prod uct without frills such as say single type of victory stove As a rule small plants would be kept in civilian production and large plants would be converted to manufacture of war goods The nucleus plants which would be kept operating on civilian work would have to be in areas where there is stili a surplus of labor where transportation facilities are good and where there is adequate power Other war measures announced Thursday night included approval of a ten per cent cut in ihe steel expansion program because of shortage of materials to develop mines and bnild furnaces and an order further restricting long dis tance trucking Beginning Aug I truckers are required to cut their total mileage by 25 per cent as compared with the same month last year Des Moines Firm Gets Building Contract WASHINGTON war department announced that the Building Service company of DC Moines Iowa had been awarded a contract for construction of a temporary frame building in Polk county Iowa o cost between 5500000 and 51000000 The Rock Island 111 army en gineers office will supervise the project Buy savings bonds anri stamps from your GlobcGazctlc carrier boy 426 File for Degrees 70WA CITY Registrar Harry G Barnes reported Friday that 526 University of Iowa stu dents have filed applications for degrees and certificates to be awarded at the summer convoca tion July 31 Minnesota Company Charged With Wage Hour Law Violation ST PAUL Minn ac tion to enjoin the Villaume Box Lumber Co St Paul from vio lations of the federal wage and hour law was filed Friday in U S district court L A Hill regional wage and hour division director said The firm was charged with us ing an artificial rate ot pay to evade wage and hour provisions and with keeping inadequate and inaccurate records of hours worked by employes Back wages due individual em ill said range from Ask Curb on WASHINGTON to curb the profiteering fringe of war contractors were demanded Friday as the result of a year long investigation by the house naval committee In a summation of ils inquiry the committee said that 95 per cent ot contractors were doing an honest job but the other five per cent appear to be taking ad vantage of the war situation For that group the report sug gested action to limit profits It added however that whether this ideal should be achieved through a direct limitation law excess profits taxes or some other means should be carefully considered by the proper com mittees oE congress The excessive profits of the five per cent group ranged as high as 176822 per cent on individual contracts This was the black spot in a report which otherwise com mended the navy for its high de gree of efficiency and industry as a whole for doing a magnifi cent job On the basis of its study of 9405 naval contracts with a to tal value of 54599087085 Ihc committee reported that profits averaged 81 per cent ot cost and described that figure as reason able Largest profits in a specific field showed up in engineering and architectural where a survey of contracts of 65 firms disclosed an average profits of 2597 per cent The committee said that many of the contractors voluntarily had reduced their profits when the situation was called to their attention It reported that it had saved the government more than already by suggesting and assisting in he voluntary renegotiation of contracts and added that renegotiation ulti mately would produce savings amounting to millions of dol lars The committee made public figures showing a 300 per cent in crease in ship construction over a year ago and development of an air arm which it said would pro vide the United Slates with the strongest offensive force in naval history It said naval vessels were being launched far sooner than was an ticipated and that the aircraft in dustry was turning out improved models of all types of planes The committee said that 3230 naval ships were building as of June 30 1942 as compared with 637 a year ago OTTUMWA GETS TRAINING BASE Cadets Will Go to Primary School After Work at Iowa City WASHINGTON WChairman Vinson D Ga of the house nava affairs committee disclosed Thurs day that the navy plans to spend total of for constructioi it two midwestern primary avia lion training bases one to be lo ated at Ottumwa Iowa and th slher at Hutchinson Kans He said this item was include in the navys program to be car ried out unaer a bill passed he house and sent to the scnat Wednesday authorizing the secre tary of the navy to spend up t 5985634000 for the constructio of various public works Vinson explained the aviatio Turn to War Jobs DES MOINES George Moore director of the Des Moines office of the federal employmen service reported Friday that 2i Des Moines workers so far UUL monlh have quit nonessential employment to take war jobs cadets first would take prcfligh training at universities designate by the navy for this purpose On of these is the University of Iow After they stay there and fie physical and educational trainin then they will be sent to wli are called primary training base We have established thrmighnt the United States some 22 prfmai training bases where they will b trained for probably three or in months Vinson told the house In view of the expansion up u 27500 naval aviators two addi tional training bases will be re quired One of them will be in Kansas and one in Iowa I may say here I think the navy depart ment was absolutely correct in es tablishing these training bases in places they have selected lie added ADVERTISE FOR BIDS ON NEW A1KPORT BONDS NEW YORK city of Ottumwa Iowa advertised Thursday for bids on August 3 on a new issue of airport bonds due Nov 1 194362 and callable Nov I 1948 Bidders will name the rate ALLIED AIRMEN OUND NEW JAP BASE ON PAPUA Knock Out Third Enemy Transport in Three Days GENERAL Mac ARTHURS 1EADQUARTERS Australia V the Japanese could settle own in their newlyseized base 11 the southeast coast of New uinea allied airmen went to work n them Thursday knocking out iic third transport in three days estroying shore insinuations and oreing frenzied invasion troops o leap wildly overboard from anding barges Bui despite ihe heavy cost Ihe enemy went ahead with opera tions Hie Gona missionBuna area where a toehold was gained Wednesday anil a military spokesman indicated another small seaborne Japanese force had been put ashore at Ambasi 30 miles up he Papua penin sula coast from Buna Allied divebombers used for he first time against land targets n New Guinea and medium bombers made five separate raids on the Gona missionBuna area and a headquarters communique said they started numerous fires A 5000ton fuelladen trans port was caught squarely amid ship and set aflame Previouslj two other transports were hit an one of them sunk as the cruise and destroyerprotected Japancs convoymoved down the cons from Japaneseheld Salamaua Allied fighters joined Thurs days attacks skimming just abov the whitecaps o spray dead machinegim bursts into troop jammed landing barges and thi pilots related that panlcstrickei soldiers hurled themselves into the water to escape their fire Ashore the fighleis shot up machinegim nests ami silenced an antiaircraft battery in re pealed wave attacks Other fighters pounced on a small en emy shin north of Salamatia il sclf ISO miles northwest of Buna Gona mission where the Jap anese set up their first base on Ihc Papuan peninsula is a small settlement built around an Angel ican mission It was the enemvs first successful penetration south ward towrad Australia since the occupation of Salamaua and Las last March 3ull Program Seen as Major Prisoners Death Plunge Tower Sioux City Publisher Reported Recovering in Rochester Minn SIOUX CITY H Kelly former publisher of the Sioux City Tribune was reported by his son John C Kelly to be making a good recovery at Roches ter Minn where he underwent an operation Wednesday for lung trouble He has been a patient at the Mayo clinic for several weeks Eugene H Kelly is a son of the late John C Kelly the first who founded the Daily Triune in the 80s Eugene H Kelly retired from paper business Jan 1 1942 when the Tribune merged with the Journal his sons John C and interests in the consolidation By DE mTT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst Secretary of State Hulls con Iructivc program for a better after the carnage was ended nust be recorded as one of the najor developments of the war Anomalous though it may seem 0 talk about peace problems at he moment when vast armies are oclccd in a death struggle to de ermine the course ot the conflict this is precisely the time when 1 may be most beneficial air lulls great document in which vc have a mingling of the spiritu il and reaches out in our directions It is a pillar of fire for lie allied peonies as they march for victory it affords encourage ment to the enslaved peoples of the occupied countries It re liukcs neutrals for their ab surd ind suicidal policy And last but certainly not least it may in due course provide the impulse for the populations of enemy countries to abandon their support of a barbaric ag gression for which many of them have had little heart There are many facets to thif newworld diamond which wil blaze so brightly when the light of peace is turned upon it We are to build for freedom and Christian morality And a long last Mr Hull may get a chance to sec the removal of in ternational trade barriers whicl he so patiently and persistcntlj has advocated as essential to th economic security of manUim But perhapsthe point which wil attract most attention is the pro vision for an international agenc to keep the peace by force necessary for that represents th teeth in any measure of reform Without an agency which ca compel peace we shall set n repe tition of the tragedy of the marbl palace on the shore of Lake Gene va Mr Hull doesnt specify the nature of the agency but the Irend of events leads one to en visage a policing of tbc ivorlil so long as necessary by the big four of the United Stales Britain Russia and China There lies Ihc power which can maintain order while reconstruction is carried out The time has nasscil when we can afford to depend on soil language to keep ivouldb world conquerors like ititl within the bounds Speaking of Hitler reminds us of another duly which the allies must perform As Assistant Sec retary of State Sumncr Welles put it recently we must mete out swift inexorable justice to indi viduals groups or peoples respon sible for the war The mainspring of all this evil is of course the nazi fuehrer and he together with his captains must pay the price Still while we must exact jus tice theres one thing which mustnt do if we arc to get the new world we that is to approach the peace with hatred in our hearts The Earl ot Scl bournc British minister of eco nomic welfare last month as sured the house of lords that Britain will never propose n rc vcngc peace And that clearly also is the underlying thought in Secretary Hulls program Arrow points to the body of William Tomczik 46 Michigan southern prison lifer w h o plunged to his death from the top of this 160foot prison wa ter tower at Jackson Mich after having spcnl the night there in hiding following a killing The convict who was killed instantly in the fall had climbed the tower after slay ing Andrew Faust 65 operat ing engineer of the prison power plant REVIEWS STATE GUARD DES MOINES MP Governor George A Wilson was scheduled to review three units of the low Stale guard Friday at Camp Dodge PREPARE SHOWDOWN CAUCASUSAREA Moscow Says Armies Taking Last Ditch Stand on Lower Don By CLYDE A FAKNSWORTH Associated Press War Editor Germany proclaimed Fri lay that Rostov had been stormed and captured al hough not yet mopped up tad Moscow reported that unprecedented numbers oL United Statesbuilt especially Douglas Boston taken to the iuicasus skies to bolster Russias fight for life It seemed obvious to ob servers both in Moscow and London that the Rus sians with strong forces in depth were preparing for a showdown in the Caucasus fight along the Don or to the south IMeanwliile Finland was circulating a veiled sugges tion that the United States might help take her out of the Hitler camp where she stands to gain little even in event of German victory and to lose much if the united nations win By broadcasting a Stockholm newspaper editorial with their own explanatory comment Die Finns urged the United Slntes to elucidate its position on protec tion of such countries as Finland in ihc event of a bolshevikdic tated peace The broadcast repeated Hel sinki press statements that Fin nish forces bad consolidated their defenses and mmmerely stand stationary guard against the enemy The prospect of a limited allied offensive in Europe to divert German pressure from Russia and also safeguard communica tions with Russia hns emerged pre dominantly in second front specu lation and northernmost Norway md Finland would seem to ill hese specifications as a zone of iction The Hitler command announced apture of Rostov capital ot the lorthcrn Caucasus on the main ailway and pipeline which tap he oil and mineral wealth of the deep Caucasus and the Russians vhile not acknowledging the rlaim said the battle had reached he city gates Quickly the Germans followed his up with an announcement hat resistance by Russian roops within the Don bend iiad DCCII broken Moscow dispatches said hnw cvcr thai red armies had taken a last ditch stand on the lower Don and developing a flank attack nKuinst the cast winff of the German lodKcmcnt in the Tsimlyansk region about midway between Rostov and Stalingrad Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Scattered showers and thunderstorms late Friday afternoon and Friday night not much change in temperature IOWA Scattered showers am thunder storms north and easi portions Friday afternoon and Friday night and extreme cast portion Saturday forenoon No decided change in temperature MINNESOTA Scattered showers thunder storms west and south portions Friday afternoon am early Friday night and east por tions late Friday night and Saturday forenoon Not much change in temeprature excepl somewhat cooler northwest por tion Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 79 Minimum Thursday fi2 At 9 n m Friday 69 YEAR AGO Maximum P3 Minimum n From the wording of the Mos owcommunique the flank action was on a small scalp however The red air force was still a power in the Caucasian skies inflicting continuous blows on enemy formations and communi cations as the communique put it Tlic Russian stand on the Don indicated a determination to hold the TikoretskStaiingrad railway which roughly parallels tho course of the lower Don between Rostov and Stalingrad an air line distance of 250 miles Tikhorelsk south of Rostov is at the junction of this railway and the northsouth line from Rostov into he Caucasus The Germans at their Tsimlyansk position were about 35 miles from the Stalin grndTtkhoretsk link Ky German accounts Rostov had been swiftly doomed Two days ago the high command an nounced that its forces stood be fore Russiandefended bridge head along the Axai river a tributary of the Don enfolding Rostov on the north Thursday Berlin pro claimed that German and Slo vak troops had forced the bridgeheads and reached the outskirts of Rostov Fridays Moscow cnmmuniquo said merely that Russian troops
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