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Mason City Globe Gazette: Wednesday, July 22, 1942 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 22, 1942, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME or H15TOHY AXQ ARCHIVES CCS MOIHtS 1A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 22 1842 Games Over0ff to Wars Playogroph Goes to Salvage Campaign to Make Guns and Tanks to Battle Axis s Vii i No Nazis in Egypt Sky ALLIED PLANES BOMB CRETE Carry Out Extensive Air Attacks Over Nazi Routes of Supply CAIRO The allied air forces have virtually driven the Germans out of the sky over the north African battle area British military sources said Wednesday These sources whose iden tity it was not permitted to dis close said hardly any enemy air activity was observed Tues day by bombers and fighters which ranged far beyond the El Alamein front blasting at large concentrations of axis vehicles and attacking the nazi supply base in Crete Ground fighting meanwhile had settled into artillery duelling British general headquarters re ported Suda bay island of Crete was attacked in force and direct hits were scored on two vessels the communique reported A near miss was scored on a larger ship and a pier was set afire United States air men prob ably took part in the raid RAF sources said American Lib erator bombers have been em ployee frequently on assignments in the Mediterranean and the mention of heavy allied bomb era indicated that Americans had participated these sources said The axis desert positions at which British artillery units were firing lie from two to five miles west of Gen Sir Claude Auchinlecks El Alamein line British military sources said In the central sector of the 40mile desert front the allied bombers attacked a concentra tion of about 1000 axis vehicles and started many fires the communique said Large forces of German para chute troops have been reported concentrated on Crete In the actual desert fighting Tuesday action was confined mainly to artillery fire at the northern end of the front west of El Alamein it was reported Coastal roads west of El Ala mein also came in for attention from the RAF as Nazi Field Mar shal Erwin Rommel moved up re inforcements of infantry in trucks The motorized infantry was described as badly dis persed Many direct hits were scorctf and fires started on Ann Casey Faces Des Moines Woman in QuarterFinals ciicmy positions and axis ve hicles the communique report ed The air action ranxcd over the entire 40mile battle line and at dusk bombers attacked vehicles in the southern sector Two axis planes were shot i down in air fights during the I day I RAF bombers continued to bat ter Tobruk Rommels supply port in Libya Long range fighters scouting over the Mediterranean encoun tered an Italian bomber off Sidi Barrani and shot it into the sea Five British planes failed to re turn from their widespread mis sions Tuesday Nevada Leads in Pet Capita Rubber Drive WASHINGTON U P Nevada the stale with the fewest people collected more rubber per per son m the recent salvage cam paign than any other slate New York state the largest in popula tion collected the least per per son Final figures on the cam paign showed a total collection of Pei capita average of 687 pounds Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Wednesday af ternoon and Wednesday slowly rising temperature Thursday forenoon IOWA Slowly rising tempera ture in northwest portion and not too much change in tem perature in remainder of stale Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon MINNESOTA Sloivly rising tem perature west and north por tions Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon and south east portion Thursday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 79 Minimurp Tuesday night 51 At 8 a m Wednesday 61 YEAR AGO Maximum 37 Minimum 63 Precipitation 12 Easily Progresses in State Tournament With 6 and 5 Victory TAIRINUS Thursday Phyllis Quo i Atlantic vs Mrs H R Elnats DES MOINES Phyllis Otto 17 year old medalist shot four tinder womens par and grazed mens figures Wednesday in downing Mary Ann Finch DCS Motnes a and 8 to gain the quar terfinal round of the womens state gold championship here ThcAtlantic challenger fired a 37 on the outside nine comiti within one stroke of mens par to win every hole from her rival then halved the tenth to halve the match She matched mens par on everv hole except the fourth where a poor drive into the wind used up an extra stroke Ann Casey Mason Citys de fending champion joined Miss Otto in the opposite half of tiie pairings by turning back Sirs Joe Furnas Des Moines veteran 6 and 5 Miss Casey was five up at nine shootirfr evn with womens par on the outside Shirley Ramsdell Cedar Falls school girl and finalist last year in the state tournament went down in an upset posted in losing to Mrs K D Stone Country club 2 up Kathleen Carey Cedar Rapids star was another major cliallcnger to be sidelined bowing before Suzanne III Des Moines girl 7 and 5 Miss III a former Des Moines city titleholder fired a 39 out lo take a fourup margin at the turn and was one under par when she ended the match on the 13th green Mrs H R staats Davenport challenger won the right to meet Miss Otto by defeating Tootsic Holt Fort Madison 1 and 6 Mrs Staats was four up at the turn then one over par 42 and was three over par at the finish of the 12hole match lean French Des Moines citv champion disposed of Mrs L A Taylor OHurmva 6 and 5 going THIS PAPEIl CONSISTS OF TWO SLCTIONS SECTION ONE NO 243 NAZI BAINS IMPERIL STALINGRAD ROSTOV Nazis Reported Concentrating Force in Finland to Attack Important Port of Murmansk By DeWITT MACKENZIE World War Analyst While Soviet Marshal Timoshenko coolly manipulates his hardpressed forces under the terrific assault of a million man nazi army at the gateway to the Caucasus way up on the north cm extremity of Russias twothousand mile front there is develop ing against the reds ncjup grave threat which is correlated with the southern offensive I am reliably informed that the Hermans are concentrating heavy forces in land prepara tory to a major attack against the soviet Arc tic port of M u r in a n s k Hitlers hope is to make a quick conquest of this vital I rail head and thereby cut one of Russias two remaining teasMACKENZIE ible lifelines to the outside world the other being the cumbersome route through the Persian gulf The fuehrers strategy is to apply to the Muscovites that fierce economic strangulation which the British blockade has inflicted on the European axis countries and occupied territor recognize ies Its well that the situation now for its likely to tower like a monster this coming winter not only for the Hitlerites but for the united na tions To put it bluntly our mighty Itussian ally which covers a sixth cf the entire land space of he glpiic and is blessed with a diversity of resources which make it virtually selfcontained is drawing terribly close to a dangerous lack of supplies hoth military and foodstuffs The time may come she will need bread from Uncle Sam Long ego when Hitlers effort to conquer Europe still was young this column ventured Ihe view that kernels of grain would have more to do with ultimate victory than would bullets Thats increas ingly true Tiie allied blockade of Europe has squeezed Hitler so hard that the chief reason for his present reat offensive is to break through io fresh supplies Unfortunately for the allies however they havent been able to retain ex clusive use of this economic gar rotc and the nazi leader is strug gling to fasten it about Russias throat Marshal Timoshenkos task is more than that of preserving his armies from annihilation and pre venting a nazi breakthrough to the Caucasus It also is to keep Hitler from cutting the reds off from the vital supplies of soulh wcstern Russia and the Caucasus Timoshenkos tactics for car rying out his herculean assign ment apparently project a stand on the great bend of the Don river where it curves deeply eastward into the fertile steppes that guard the route Cauca sian oi and other treasures But stand or no stand every yard the Germans advance means the destruction of grain fields and other resource upon which the soviet has been depending V Russias supply problem is be coming more serious daily Vladi vostok already has been lost to us as a port through which to reach our ally The route through Persia is difficult There remains Murmansk and to reach that our convoys have to battle for their lives against nazi submarines surface warships and landbased warplanes And soon if nolhing interferes with Hitlers plans we shall see him striking at Murmansk with a land force hoping to cripple the bolshovisls New Synthetic Rubber Control Voted by Senate WASHINGTON UR The senate by voice vote passed and sent to the house Wednesday legislation depriving the war pro duction board of its control over production of synthetic rubber from farm and forest commodities The bill sponsored by a sen ate agriculture subcommittee headed by Senator Guy M Gil lette D would create a agency to control synthetic ubbcr production from grain ilcohol Its passage followed a charge by Senate Democratic Leader Albcn W Barkley of Kentucky that the measure was a step backward The house rules committee prc lously had given clearance for floor consideration of an identical Passage of the senate bill came swiftly after Senator George iVor ris hid Nebr had defended the measure as the only way to get iesults for alcohol processes The bills passage was an overwhelming victory for the Powerful senate farm bloc Gillette said that house Pas sajjc would he simply a ques tion of form The measure prepared by Gil lettes subcommittee after four months of intensive study of the production of industrial alcohol and synthetic rubber would es tablish a separate war agency to promote and entourage use of ag ricultural commodities in mai synthetic rubber SfORE TO RE EVACUATED SAN FRANCISCO for tiie exclusion of all remaining Jarjanefe in California were posted by the army Wednesday af lenting about 6150 persons in Fresno and Tulare counties Evac uation is scheduled to be com pleted by noon Aug 11 three up at nine to lake an car load Lois Perm Wakonda eliminated Allene Nelson Roosevelt high school girl 5 and 4 while Mrs Dave Bonella OUurmva defeated Mrs M I Lutz Hyperion 5 and 4 taking a fiveup lead on the initial stretch ing 50 GIANT BOMBS DROPPED BY RAF Missiles Weighing 4000 Pounds Aimed at Duisburg Targets LONDON than 33 giant bombs of pounds cacli w ere among the explosives dumped on enemy targets in Tues day nights raids on the German manufacturing city of Duisburg theaiiministry said Wedncsdav COUNCIL PLANS MOST POSSIBLE AID FOR CHINA Litvinov Denies He Discussed Second Front With Roosevelt WASHINGTON Pa cific war council met at the white house Wednesday md one par ticipant reported afterwards that we worked out procedure to be followed to assure that China puls up the best fight that tan be put up Walter Nash New minister used these weirds and added tint Ntuv linuw what the Chinese nceii and how and when and where we can gel the stuff in Nash described Wednesdays meeting ns one of the most in teresting that has ever been held since we have been n council T V Soong Chinese foreign minister told reporters that he started tiie discussion with an ex position of the position of the lines of lighting in China the routes of communication some of the problems and some of the possibilities of developing the sit uation in our None of the Pacific diplomats would describe any tunhcr de tails and when Soong ws asked about whether anything vas said about the possibility of a lapa ncsc attack en Siberia he said I would rather not answer such questions1 Although the c n n f c r c n c c lasted over an hour the indi cation was that China occupied nearly all of the discussion Problems of the Egyptian front were included in the last two weekly meetings of the group V When Soviet Ambassador Max im Litvinov came out of the white house he replied no to questions about whether he and the president discussed lie pos sibilily cf a second front in Europe Litvinov for many months has publicly advocated an invasion of western Europe to relieve Ger man pressure on he front but refused to discus it with reporters Wednesday NelsonUrges Aid in Helping Move Salvage WASHINGTON OP Produc tion Chief Donald M Nelson asked state local and municipal govern ments Wednesday to lend trucks and workmen to local salvage committees to speed public col lections of scrap material Ex plaining that quantities of scrap had to he moved to central collection points before winter weather Nelson added that so crcal is the tonnage to be moved that all private facilities are now 1 taxed to the Nazis Claim Forces Cross Lower Don By THE ASSOCIATED TRESS The Germans proclaimed Wednesday that they had crossed the lower Don on a broad front a deep step on the invasion route inlo the Caucasus and that or ganized Russian defenses near Rostov at the mouth of the Don had collapsed with the guardian city halfencircled Russian and British advices agreed with the enemy on the trend of the batlle but not to such a degree as to admit that the stra tegic waterline had been breached and Rostov half surrounded British military sources conced ed that small German armored forces may have readied ihc lower Don and said there is no denying Ihe danger to Rostov from his and related operations The Germans seemed to lie coiiverBinjj on Kostnv from three directions From Tadanron 10 miles to the west from Voro shilovgrad 100 miles the north and from Millcrovn 120 miles to the north northeast Qualified successes of Russian counterattacks at Voronezh how ever seemed to have little effect on the German drive across the Don steppes toward Stalingrad and through the industrialized Don basin toward Rostov Russian dispatches in fact said that fresh tanks planes and in fantrymen were pouring into the Stalingrad thrust The Germ a n communique claimed the crossing of he Don had been effected cast of the Do nets river which debouches into the Don abount 70 air line miles noitheasl of Rostov Organized resistance of he enemy in the Kostov reRion has collapsed the high command reported German and Germanallied troops are standing before a de fended bridgehead position which runs in a semicircle outside the Rostov a city of a halfmillion normal population lies for most part on tiie north hank of the Don estuary It was taken by German assault from the west last Nov 21 and delivered by Russian coun terattacks a week later The Germans have called Rostov Hie spigot of the Russian oij vol A vast pipeline fy stretching southeastward Rostov taps the oil fields Caucasus between the Blac Caspian seas The Germans t clared that Russian counterat tacks in the Voronezh region north and northwest of the city had been freshly repulsed and in the rear of the central sector annihilation of additional enemy groups was completed In the far north the Germans reported collapse of Russian at tacks on a bridgehead across thu Volkhov river souih nt Ilmcn and destructive bombing of Russian batteries on the Ry barhi peninsula Train for Glider Attack Infantry detachment at stration of tactics of attack diers with field equipment Wright fieM Ohio boards a nineplace glider in a demoi m motorlcss flight The glider holds a pilot and eight so REDS SEIZE 4 BRIDGEHEADSIN VORONEZHAREA Russian Army Paper Declares Germans Near Stalingrad Province MOSCOW and Rostov both were imperiled gravely by fresh German advances Wednesday as tiie million men of Marshal Fedor von Bock pressed relentlessly south and east against bitterly fighting but outnum bered Russian forces Red Star the army newspaper said ominously that tiie Germans were approaching the border of Stalingrad province A furious German assault beat against Hie men of Mar shal Scmcon Timoshenko alony the MoscowRostov railway The drive was moving on Ros tov from southeast of Millerovo and from Voroshilovgrad both of which have fallen to the Germans in the 300mile wide Don basin offensive Red Star pointed to tiie danger thus Terrible days face tiie coun try The enemy is rushing to the vital centers of our country The newspaper called on red soldiers to repeat the example of 23 so viet troops who in defending Moscow last winter fought tank charges their hands all dying in the struggle The German high command said Hie lower Don had been crossed on a broad front and that organized Russian resistance in Ihe Rostov region had collapsed Rostov was declared hemmed in tven as the Russian armies in the south strove to stem Ihe Ger man advanccthe forces at Hie northern end of the front around Voronezh were reported holding the initiative and counterattack ing vigorously The Russians an nounccd four bridgeheads had been seized But the Russian press showed that the erralcsl iircciiry was before Rostov and Stalingrad llolh vastly important Industrial and communication renters ami guardians nf approaches ihr Caucasus nil lands ami fertile farms The loss of cither city it was Acknowledged would he a tragic low but by far the worst dam age would be caused by cutting communications Stalingrad lies astride an elbow of the Volga within 55 miles of the Don and the Volga is the Russian life line through which the United States and Britain have been pouring supplies via the Persian gulf route The fall of Stalingrad would mean the virtual separation of the Rus sian northern and southern armies The loss of Rostov along will Ihe presently rtusftanhcltl section southeast of Millerovn would mean iho nearisolation of the Russian sijjiy of the lifeblood of mechan ized vni would be denied i large sections of Russia except thai which has been stored The fall of both cities would isolate many other southern cen ers from aid in the north so vital to carry on Russias resistance The Germans arc nourine tanks cannon trench mortars and planes into the lialtle xoncs before Stalingrad am Rostov The Russians were summoning all their strength at the front Significantly the red army in troduced wound stripes recently to decorate wounded soldiers who return to the front The red armys courageous sland nt Voronezh has now turned into daring counterattacks These drives arc helpful but not enough to offset the impending danger to Stalingrad the Volga and Ros tov The Russian maninlhestrcets confidence however was un shaken and there was not a man or women with whom tiiis cor respondent talked who did not express confidence that Russia will survive this crisis Dispatches continued to report that the Germans had numerical superiority in men and machines in all southern sectors The crisis in the south all hut overshadowed the losses alrcady rich Donets basin   

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