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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 4, 1942, Mason City, Iowa n I NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C C V P ePARTfEfiT CF i Y M j A n c H i v E J IK I r f o i A VOL XLVIII THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES NQRTH 10WANS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY NO 228 British CounterAttack Backed by REDS SAY claim ON NAZIS 24 AXIS PLANES SHOT DOWN IN BIG AIR BA1TLE Commentators Summary Indicates Axis Desert Onslaughts Diminish CAIRO fP A determine British counterattack launche under an umbrella of unprece dented air force cooperatioi has checked at least temporarily Field Marshal Erwin Rommel thrust toward Alexandria and th Nile valley a British head quarters communique said Thurs day Some of the fiercest fighting of the campaign took place as the reinforced imperial forces moved in to halt a new drive eastward by Rommels forces the communique said Earlier Rommel had been reported digging in west of El Ala mein which is 65 mites west of Alexandria A London military commenta tor described the British counter attack as successful and added things could be very mud Apparently the full weight o the British American and Soutt air forces was thrown into the British action and th communique indicated that a tremendous air battle ensued with 24 axis planes shot out o the sky A commentators summary o the last three days of fightini showed that the German on slaughts were steadily diminish ing in numerical strength if no in xigor Describing the German attacl of Thursday afternoon one ob server said Rommels infantrv supported by artillery filtera across the battlefield to attacl British antis which had beei successfully holding up the axis armored units The enemy t a n k s w e re massed behind the Innovation in German but as they were about to enter the battle the British counter attacked from the north on the German left flank This di verted the German armored formation from support of the infantry and the entire attack failed It was emphasized here that here was no indication that the G arm a n s were permanently halted as a result of Fridays Brit It was felt however that thi British eighth army heavily re inforced had recovered from series of defeats in Libya and wa now fighting with confidence ii Us weapons and its leaders Field Marshal Erwin Rommel1 lorces attempted to drive east ward Friday but were hammered h the Britisn defenders tne GHQ announcement said A number of enemy tanks were put out of commission it added RAF planes which have been ranging behind Rommels spearhead at El Alamein raided landing grounds camps and roads at Sidi Barroni and de stroyed four Mcsserschmitl fighters orf the ground the communique said The axis planes shot down in air battles were 16 Junkers clive bombcrs seven and one Italian fighter The communique shed litlle on the trend of the fighting Reports from the battle front Friday night told of attempts by axis troops to dig into positions on the northern end of the El Alamein line Some of their guns were reported captured along with numerous prisoners There seemed little likelihood however that the front which has moved eastward over 350 miles of mes o and EgPtian desert would long remain static and a new eruption of fury was expect ed momentarily Already the rumble of heavy guns could be 65 miles cast of El Alamein Mustapha Nahas Pasha premier and military governor of Eajot announced that a complete bfack out would be introduced in Cairo Japs Opportunists Ready to Strike Siberia Invade India If Defense Seems Weak By DeHITT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst to EBypt and the middle east has cieated a diversity ot grave threats to the allied cause im among these we shouldnt overlook the possibility tl at axrs uccel Is JaPaneSC 3ttack Russia the same time You can gamble that the little men of Nippon are hangine o IE T ev the fact that they have a norif aggression pact with Moscow wouldnt restrain them from do ing the Pearl Harbor to the reds Certainly India would be meat for the mikados cap tains if its de fenses looked weak So far as Russia is con cerned there are ample in dications that Nipponese rushing preparations to et for a lightning assault on the ipviet in Siberia if and when the right moment comes It probably still remains true that Japan would prefer not to tangle with the reds before consolidating her gains in Indonesia but she would strike if it seemed that this was essential for a defeat of the allies The menace to India would be multiplied if Nazi Marshal Rommels invasion of Ejrvpt should be successful or if Hit Jer should crack the Russian front in a bigway The Jans might take quick advantage of tie situation and especially in view of the continued insist ence of Mohandas Gandhi and his host of nafiorialist followers that they will refuse all co operation with Britain in the war effort until India has com plete independence It will be recalled that the all India congress nationalists re lected Britains recent offer of dominion status because they claimed it didnt provide for com plete sovereignty and a united nation Both the congress and the Moslem league representing the big Moslem minority of the coun ty felt that the plan didnt bridge the sharp differences exist ng between them Also the con gress wanted the native to bring the warring together in view of which are ruled by the princes brought into the unified nation critical position of the war Gandhi then counseled his fol not to cooperate with the British but to continue his famous program of passive resistance to John Bulls rule The little Ma hatmas idealism even carries him to the extreme of proposing to meet Japanese invasion with pas sive resistance While one can ad mire his persistence in clinging to his beliefs the imagination bogs down in attemptingto foresee what effect passive resistance would have on barbaric invaders who use living prisoners of wai for sword and bayonet practice ana carry out wholesale rapings of defenseless women Under normal circumstances this improjrlio would be re garded as a matter between India and Britain The war em ergency however makes it very much the business of every country which is fightine under the allied banner India not only is a military base of vast stra tegic importance but it is one of the worlds freaf arsenals It therefore is with deep con cern that allied statesmen and military men alike are lookin to India again in the hope political differences there may be so as to permit of a united ifort of the major problems is the split between theMoslems and the all India congress party the moslems claim that past ex perience in provincial government has shown that they couldnt cx Pect to get fair representation in a central federal government borne observers close to the situa tion however believe that this difficulty might be overcome if ttie congress party would guaran the Moslems proportional rop esentauon by Moslemchosen representatives There are signs that outside in mUe a further ci oon after he summoned his min li hf a mecting Saturday Nowhere was the threat toEevot minimized but hope for a favor ible turn in the battle grew from he dogged British defense oj the 1 Alamein line from the slashin Hied air attacks on the axis sup iy lines and from the long col umns of reinforcements moving hrough the desert A vague Italian clispalcli re ayed through Stockholm to Lon on said several thousand cx ellently equipped American roops were fighting at El Ala Tiem but there was no confirma lon from any other source latin Repulse of OunterAttacks nr Fl0m Ualiai WThe axis desert divi ons were declared by the Ital an high command Saturday to ave decisively repulsed counter ttacks by reinforced British oops in sharp fighting cast and outh of El Alameiu 65 miles Alexandria The British reported Ihe pron ss of Field Marshal Erwin ommel temporarily checked in erce engagements which cost ie invaders a number of tanks 0 guns and risoners several hundred Gradual elimination of enemy enters of resistance is in prog ess the Italian communique The German high commands aturday communique on the gyptian fighting using almost ical words as the Italians the bitter struggle for the ronglyfortified El Alamein po tion Fighting against unmercifully iperior air squadrons German id Italian fighters were de arcd to have shot down 28 Biit h planes Car Travels on Both Shoulders of Road 600 Feet Driver Killed DUBUQUE MVThe body of a man identified as Elmer Robert iMaack 29 St Paul Minn was found at oclock Saturday morning in a ditch besidc Wtef d tar abtnU 12 miles south of Dubuque on highway 61 An identiiication card found on the badly mangled body revealed that the victim was an airplane pilot Dubuque County Sheriff Leo J Eisbach expressed the belieC that Maack fell asleep at the wheel Tracks indicated that the car had traveled on both shoulders of the road for approximately 600 feet before overturning five times the sheriff said or si Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy PUSHED BACKIN KURSK SECTOR Germans Batter With Fury in Belgorod and Volchansk Areas M O S C O V7 A Russian counterattack in the Kursk sec tor at the junction of the central and southern Russian fronts has thrown the Germans back across a strategically important stream front line dispatches said Satur day Colliding with greatly strength ened red army troops the Ger mans were badly battered in this encounter while east of Kursk the pressure of their tank assaults was slackened To the south however the nazis battered with mounting fury at soviet positions in the Belgorod and Volchansk sectors The Germans apparently were throwing massive forces into the KurskBelfforodVolchatislc sec tors in an effort to push to Voronezh and cut the rail line running south from Moscow to the Caucasus gateway at Rostov This drive could be expected to reach more violent proportions astopoL thelast hilJ lit t soviet stronghold in theCrimea has fallen Soviet Russia announced that ler siegeworn Crimean peninsula forces wound up an epic delay ing action that cost Germany al most 300000 casualties by with drawing from the ruins of Sevas opo Friday while red army men lurlcd back nazi assaults at three paints on the mainland Vicious combat flamed m lie Kursk front where German mechanized ported by aerial squadrons new ly transferred from Crete were reported repulsed again in fierce attempts to slash east ward acorss Russias black earth reffion 280 miles south of Mos cow In one days fighting the oviet information bureau said the enemy lost 250 tanks and oODO officers and men killed German attacks were frustrat ed also in the Belgorod and Volchansk sectors between Kursk and Kharkov it said Several thousand troops of the econd Hungarian corps fighting ilongside the Germans were said o have been killed in three days n a sector of the Kursk front Our air force brought down 13 planes it was announced Not less than 60000 of Adolf f s were declared hilled and up to 90000 wounded since Tune 7 by soviet soldiers sailors marines and guerillas who made the lastditch stand at Sevastopol against the final offensive K M This came after seven months or less violent action in which 50000 fell it was reported The information bureau de Jared the garrison of the Black ea naval with nexamplcd courage and steadi ess a calculated plan to divert nd bleed the invasion xacted casualties at a ratio of almost four to one and quit their scarred pillboxes and entrench ments Friday only upon order of the red armys supreme command Advances on South Front BERLIN From German Broad German high command declared Saturday thai iazi mobile detachments are ad speedily toward the Don after operations which other mili tary quarters here described as a gigantic breakthrough on the Russian front In the sectors of Kharkov and Kurst 120 miles apart German and axis allied troops have beaten the enemy along the whole of the front attacked the command said Strong forces of the enemy have been encircled bv outflanking attacks The site of the reported break through was not identified but the implication was that red army lines had been pierced in the KurskKharkov zone which at its closest point is about 200 miles from the mouth of the Don A German antiaircraft ment its guns adapted to regi both horizontal and highaltitude fire was reported to have destroyed 47 soviet tanks and shot down nine planes Bombing operations in the Arc tic included the sinking of a 10 OOCI ton allied merchantman the high command said Southwest of Sevastopol lie resistance of soviet troops on the Khersoncs peninsula has been broken the high command said Destruction of isolated scattered bands and troops encircled in pill boxefc is Increase in Divorces and Weddings Shown in Reno Statistics RENO Nev first six months of this war year has brought Reno more more marriages Divorce filings are up 304 per cent and marriage license issu ances have increased 255 per cent over the corresponding period last year There were 1307 divorce suits filed from Jan I to June 30 as against 1002 a year ago Mean while 12204 licenses to wcci were issued compared to 8747 in the first half of 1941 Attorneys are slightly puzzled at the rush of divorce seekers Many expected fewer this war year Several of my clients say their lusbands are going into the serv ce and want to get their domestic differences settled one lawyer observed Others believe that increased ncomes have 1 tendency to has ten the end of longsmouldering difficulties 8 Who Landed From Subs Must Answer 4 Specific Charges WASHINGTON eight jerman saboteurs landed by sub marine on American soil must answer four specific charges each carrying the supreme penalty oj death when they go on trial wilh n a feu days before a military commission of seven generals The men whose elaborate plan to vreck American war factories and nstallations was frustrated by the rcdcral bureau of investigation vcrc charged specifically with abotage espionage and conspir icy to commit both Emphasis vas made in each charge hi hey ncied on behalf ot the Ger man Rovornmcnt U S Base in Ireland Surrounded by depth charges British and American sailors exchange navy talk under the United States flair cm the stern of an American destroyer berthed in the new U b naval base at Londonderry Northern Ireland Two U 3 destroyers are m the background The great new base has sprung into beingina years time Biggest Bang MIDLAND Tex at the worlds largest bornbaclier school Saturday planned a fourth of July bombing of Tokio they loped would be the biggest bang in Texas They built a scalemodel paper and cardboard Tokio on a west Texas plain near the school It is complete factories office buildings railroad yards and oil even six warships docked at a paper wharf The node city is laici out in nn area 2000 feet by 1500 feet around a dry lake bed While spectators watch from designated parking areas more han 150 twinengined bombers vill blast the miniature city out of existence in day and niglit Chelsea England to rionor Soldiers From helseas in U S LONDON R G Vharan of Chelsea one of Lon lons largest boroughs deckled o have a party in the town hall or American soldiers from Chcl ea promptly received lesson in geography What about the Chelscas in owa Alabama Vermont Wiscon sin and Oklahoma someone asked The mayor who previously had exchanged radio greetings with Chelsea Mass was equal to the occasion Let them all come he said Any American service man from any Chelsea is heartily welcome CELEBRATES BIRTHDAY FARGO N D head of one of Americas largest pa triotic organizations celebrated his 52nd birthday Saturday Lynn U Stambaug of Enrso 2ith na tional commander of the Ameri can Lesion was born Inly 1 Sailor Believed to Have Been Buried Visits With Parents MINNEAPOLIS Minn A sailor who was believed to have been buried three months ago celebrated Independence day at his home Saturday Charles Koch came home on leave Friday to visit the parents who once mourned him as dead at a funeral held at Fort Snclling About a month after the Tu ncral the navy informed Kochs parents that a mistake had been made and that the youth they buried was not their son but a Curtis Koch Dale Park 111 Their son they were informed was alive and well And today prove it he was home President of Ford Company Asks Ration Board for New Auto MT CLEMENS Mich man wrote the Macomb county rationing board Saturday asking permission to buy a new car on grounds he is involved in war vvork It vas Edse Ford president o the Ford Motor company Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Scattered light showers and thunderstorms Saturday Little change in temperature Saturday and Saturday night JN MASON CITY lobeGazetlc weather statistics Maximum Friday 7s Minimum Friday night 5fi At 8 a in Saturday 70 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum so TVyfH rn Milhons Toil Over Holiday to Push Fight Against Foes By UNITED PKVKC v i HOLLAND BOMB ATTACKS MADE AT LOW LEVEL 2 of Yank Planes Fail to Return From Daylight Assault BULLETIN LONDON United Sillies air corps anil the RAF made a joint raid Saturday morninir on three airfields in Holland he air ministry an nounced A communique said the at tacks were pressed home from Jonlevel in the face of intense flak antiaircraft The airfields raided were at Hamsteilc and Alkmaar ulierc bombs hit hanitars adminslra tion building anil dispersal Points and at Valkenburfr which was heavily machinegunned LONDON UR The United army air corps entered the air war in the western European theater on this Independence day morning with a raid on German occupied territory United States army headquar ters in its first communique of the war announced that six United States army air corps crews m a joint operation with Royal Air Force light bombers attacked various targcts Thc United States plane Douglas A20A twinmotored light bombers swept with Royal Air Force light bombers over the Dover Strait and made their first raid at daring low level Two planes with crews of three men each are missing from the raid which was made in full day light over one of the most power fully defended areas of the world The United States army head quarters communique said in full European the ater of operations United Slates army Communique No 1 In a joint operation with Royal Air Force light bombers six American air crews attacked tar gets in German occupied terri tory Saturday Two American planes are missing The American crews flew A 20A type aircraft in a daylight minimum altitude attack Big United States Consolidated bomber planes had spread devas tation through the Rumanian oil fields in their first operations in southeastern Europe United States air corps bombers were Douglas light action in the blazing Egyptian campaign in China the old American Volun teer Group became Saturday the 23rd pursuit group of the army air corps In India United States planes had bombed Japanese tar Sets In the Australian American army planes were fighting beside the Australians in offense nnd defense Tims in four but the two Americas them States army iir corps planes were in liattlc ar tion before tinfirst seven months of American participa tion in the war had passed They were fighting submarines in the Atlantic they had met the Japanese all over the vast Pa cific But the six lowflying Doug By UNITED PRESS Millions spent first wartime July 4 in 24 years toiling m war industries so Ameri cans may again celebrate the an mversary of their independence in Hundreds of thousands of American soldiers sailors and marines faced the enemies of democracy on all the continents and they too unrclaxing their guard observed Independence day But for other millions of can meant a weekend holiday restricted by Ihe shortage of rubber and on Ihe eastern seaboard gasoline ration ing The national safety council in Chicago said that in one way the gasoline shortage was a that probably 25 to 30 per cent fewer celebrants would be killed in accidents But the council esti mated that 350 would die over the nation from traffic fireworks and miscellaneous accidents and be ing drowned over the weekend uPdred were killed on the July 4 weekend Generally July quota deliveries had restored gasoline tanks in the cast to something like normalcy but motorists still were restricted by ration cards Most New York stations had gasoline There were shortages in upper New I York state Many Washington sta tions posted out of gas signs The New England gasoline supply was reported fairly good Where there was no motorists were restrained only by concern for their tires Railway and bus traffic was unusually heavy Thousands poured out of Ncw York City and additional thousands poured in Hotels reported that they irere jammed Many had all tneir rooms reserved by the middle of last month Army and civilian defense offi cials warned that the enemy might choose the holiday to frequently docs when it thinks precautions arc relaxed For war production workers who gave up their holiday Under secretary of War Robert P Pat terson and Undersecretary of Navy James V Forrcstal had this message of encouragement They will produce Saturday enough bombers for a second raid on Tokio enough guns to equip bat teries of field artillery and tanks to supply a battalion To the nation in general they offered this report Small arms production in one month exceeds the entire 194U output More of one type were built in the last four months than in the preceding twoyears One month of production of navy antiaircraft guns exceeded 194041 total are being unprecedented Fighting ships launched at an rate But they warned a joint mtj v in a joint statement Americans must not be lulled into a false sense of se curity esc things are certain will produce the guns the plane the ships needed for vic tory Our army and navy will de feat the axis The spirit that was born 166 years ago will survive and grow There is no enemy great enough to conquer the free fighters and workers of these United States lases which flew out from an American air corps base manned by Americans tended by Ameri can ground crews flying as an integral sir force under United States army command liad made history and the Yanks who had come over in he last war were here again against Germany and in action The American with I he army air corps tar flashing from their wings had carried the war to Hitler in their countrys name the vanguard of a gigantic force which with the Royal Air Force designed tn smash German cities one by one The loss of two of six plane ivlioc crews novarc casualties or possibly nlive as prisoners or as fugitives in enemy held terri tory was not considered especial ly For it was a daylight attack at low level against one of the most strongly defended zones in the world Even the veteran Royal Air Force lost seven of 12 Lancaster bombers most of them over France in their recent raid on Augsburg in Germany U was believed possible that Ihe British as well as the American planes which made Saturdays raid were of Ameri can make The A20A corre sponds to the Douglas lichl bomber the British air force
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