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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 27, 1942, Mason City, Iowa kV NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PBBSS AND UNITED PRESS FULL IXASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JUNE 27 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 222 ALLIES TO DIVERT NAZIS FROM REDS Rommels Army Prepares for Assault on Matruh BRITISHTROOPS REORGANIZE TO MEET ATTACKS US and RAF Blows Gain Time for English to Reorganize Defense BULLETIN CAIRO The British eighth army depleted by the de feat in Libya now has been buiU up lo full strength again to face axis invasion columns in the battle of Egypt it was reliably reported here Satur day nighf By ROGER D GREENE Italian headquarters said Satur day that axis motorized forces have made contact with the de fenses of Matruh indicating that Field Marshal Erwin Rommel had opened his grand assault in the fourdayold battle ol Egypt Matruh 130 miles inside Egypt is Hie main British stronghold barring Rommels path to the rich delta lands of the Nile and the Suez canal With mastery the entire mid dle east perhaps hanging in the balance Gen Sir Claude Auchin lecks British imperial armies were said to have been reorgan ized and reinforced to meet the axis onslaught Dispatches from Cairo said damaging blows by U S army and BAF bombers had already gained precious hours for the realignment eielith csc L State retreal Libyan of ths hardhit British army worn by the long across the sands of the desert Strikingal Rommels major Libyan bases at Tobruk and Bengasi American and British airmen were said to have ham pered the flow of vital food water oil and munitions to the axis invaders delaying the lightning pace of Rommels ad vance An Italian communique empha sized the repeated and violent encounters with enemy bomber and fighter formations and as serted that axis planes had shot down 43 British aircraft while antiaircraft defenses sent an other crashing into the desert in flames British headquarters in Cairo gave no indication that the battle had been joined declaring merely that Rommels mechanized armies advancing 15 miles along the Mediterranean sea coast had rolled up within 15 miles of Matruh Our covering were in contact with the enemys forward iroops through the day a British communique said U S Torpedo Boats Join British Fleet U S Soldiers Tour Egyptian City Trades Open Convention Approximately 5 0 delegates in attendance at the opening Bssion the state convention oC he Iowa Building Trades council t the Hotel Hanford Saturday lorning Business was transacted t the morning meeting Afternoon speakers were Uar kl Campbell president of the lasori City Chamber of Com merce and Lester Milligan sec etary of that group A A Couch of DCS Moines tatc president of the Iowa State federation of Labor was to give talk before the convention Sun lay morning The state conclave oncludcs Sunday afternoon Waster Sgt Kindle Walston of Louisville Ky drives liis buddies through this pic turesque street of an Egyptian city in a U S jeep overtaking the considerably slower at leftThese soldiers are with an African military mission under command of Maj Gen Russell L Maxwell U S Air Force Reveal Churchill Saw U S Units Lay Plans Troops in Paratroop Show to Raid Germany c C A I R O quarters reported British head Saturday that axis forces of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel had moved up to within 15 miles of Matruh about 115 miles into Egypt from the Libyan frontier The position of axis armored divisions indicated a 15mile advance along the coast toward Matruh restricted only by light parrying action of British mo bile forces There was no major engage the sea inent Friday a communique said Our covering forces were in con tact with the enemys forward troops throughout the day The advance of Rommels ar mored and motorized troops con centrated along a fivemile front was slow by comparison with his earlier drives of from 40 to 60 miles a day indicating he migh be awaiting the arrival of fresh supplies before starting an all out attack 11 was announced In Alexan dria less than 200 miles behind the defense lines of Lieut Gen Neil M Ritchies eighth army that speedy American built motor torpedo boats had ar rived to the British fleet Capable of a speed of more than 45 knots the craft are al ready credited with sinking three axis vessels off Libya and re moving several hundred British soldiers and sailors from Tobruk LONDON It was reliably cisclosed Saturday that United es army air force units are in he British Isles laying the groundwork tor American partici pation in the mass raids on Ger many Nothing has yet been said to indicate that aircraft have arrived to equip he units for actual oper Precedent indicates that the first public announcement of United States participation in the European air warfare will lie by the blast of bombs on Germany The first official hint of the U S air crews presence in Brit ain was given on Thursday in a statement by Maj Gen Dwight D Eisenhower American comman der for the European war theater that pilots were arriving in rap idly increasing numbers Well informed air observers had known for weeks that air crews were taking shape at a base some where in the British Isles but se curity sure reasons prevented disclo The nature and cNtent of the preparations for operation of American flyers and aircraft in the bijr assaults on German war industry still arc secrets V It has been stated however that United States forces will op crate independently of the RAF although collaborating with it in a long range bombing an im plication that Americans have es tablished a sizable air organization here and that collaboration in planning the future attacks on Germany already has begun under heavy bombardment just before that port fell last Sunday British warships are standing by for orders to steam out and engage coastal formations from The main invasion force was made up of three armored divi sions supported by motorized in fantry and the initiative clearly still in their hands Military observers said they had three possible courses frontal attack on Matruh a fortified port linked to Alexan dria by rail as well as sea supply lines attempt to negotiate the hillrimmed salt and sand marsh es of the vast Qattara Depression farther inland swing south toward the Nile by way of the Siwa oasis The British ruled out none of these possibilities but said on the basis of present disposi first appeared to be most likely H IS REELECTED OXFORD Ohio Jordan ot Burlington Iowa wa reelected Friday to the general council of the HiY congress Spectacular Display Offered English Chief at Fort Jackson FORT JACKSON S Car June 24 Church ill saw a spectacular display o Americas expanding might Wed nesday at the armys largest in fantry training post where crack paratroops plummeted from tile sky by the hundreds and live am munition from big field guns whistled directly over his head and burst near enough for him to feel the jar and concussion Champing on his fat black cigars Brilains prime minister inspected Fort Jacksons activi ties minutely even prying into soldiers packs working the breech block ot a 75 millimeter gun and getting covered with choking yellow dust kicked up by thousands of feet and hundreds of armed vehicles He saw some of the plain es sential drudgery of life in an army camp And complimenting a company of sweating serious faced infantrymen on a mass calisthenics exercise he said I know you all are waiting and longing for the day which is com ing when all this work and prep aration will be turned into a mighty effort of war to mnke sure that right and justice xvill pre vail in the world Talking later to reporters and cameramen he said he ivas enor mously impressed by the ma neuvers He predicted the day would come when British and American armies would march into oppressed countries not as invaders but as liberators who would help their peoples throw aside the cruel barbarian yokes The prime ministers trip to Fort Jackson was considered a military secret until he had re turned to England The army re ferred to him in making advance arrangements as the EXPLOSION KILLS DYNAMITE MAN William Barker of Elgin Killed in Blast Near West Union WEST UNION Bar ker 55 of Elgin was instantl killed by a dynamite explosion o the county road eight miles north west of here at Saturday morning Barker dynamite man on a roai crew was loading dynamite into hole drilled into a stump wher the explosion occurred He wa blown 40 feet into the air wit nesses said and his head and bot arms were severed from his body Other members of the crew o which Charles Peters of Elgin i foreman were unable lo deter mine the cause of the explosion The crew was clearing and grub bing the road and although thrc other men were working there 3 the time none was in the im mediate vicinity of the explosion Barker is survived by his wif and six children BETTY JAMESON GETS 5 UP LEAD SPORTS BULLETJV CHICAGO in check on the second nine after a ram paging outgoing nine Betty lame son of San Antonio Tex Satur lay managed a 5 up lead over 3hyllis Otto ot Atlantic Iowa at the halfway mark of their championship match in the Wom ens Western Open GolfHourna mcnl Johannesburg Hears Report Ritchie Is Relieved of Command JOHANNESBURG Soutl Africa Gen Neil M Ritchie Saturday was reported re lieved of command of the Britisl eighth army in Egypt Ritchie succeeded Gen Sir Alan Cunningham as commander of tin eighth army after Cunningham offensive threatened to bog dowr in Libya Ritchie carried the drive for ward against the nazi forces o Marshall Erwin Rommel but late was forced to fall batk from Ben ghazi and finally was defeated ii furious fighting southwest o Tobruk opening the way for tin axis drive 125 miles into Egypt One of the youngest Britisl commanders Ritchie is 44 year old and a veteran of tank warfan in the desert Report U S Bombers Raiding Rumania Flew From Egyptian Fields LONDON Consoli dated B24 bombers from Egyptiai airfields partic paled in Hie Unit cd States army air worcc rai which slruek al the Rumanian 01 center of Plocsli two weeks ago i was disclosed in London Salurdaj MILLER GETS BEER PERMIT DES MOINES slat beer permit board has issued a permit to Secretary of State Earl G Miller for the Stratford hotel here which he leased recently Axis Forces Drive Eastward in Egypt 100 m F arrW8 were advancing in three columns at least rifiPrHnn f H n near the coast 011C further illland one in the dnectoon of the Qattara Depression a vast stretch of soft sand below sea level British nih Rr 6 exPectec to their stand along a line before Mat iuh Bntish patrols dealt wth the axis drive toward the Qattara Depression and axis to try to cross tllat arcaMcamvhilc usamly and RUSSIA CHECKS NAZI DRIVE IN UKRAINE FRONT Declare German Gains at Sevastopol Are Measured in Yards By HENRl C CASSIDV MOSCOW The red army ias checked the now German of cnsive in the Ukraine repulsing inemy attacks cast ol Kupyansk md at one point counterattacking vhilc the German gains on the Sevastopol front is measured in rards after the bloodiest kind of righting soviet military dispatches md Saturday Severe losses were indicted on he Germans who were forced into retreat by the Russian counter drive nt Kupyansk on the Oskol river BO miles southeast ol Khar tov the reports said V v At Sevastopol the red fleet navy base in the Crimea the Germans were estimated to have hurled 50 Irainloads of bombs shells and mines into an effort to breach the defenses but their Rains were said lo have netted them only a few dozen yards in two sectors A Sevastopol report lo Pravda the communist party organ said the Germans continued to move up reserves in the 23 day old battle and the presence ot sev eral new infantry regiments evi dently transferred from another front has been noted in the last fewdays At the same lime it was de clared that assault groups there had dwindled from regiments or whole divisions to companies and battalions an evidence ot the strain of the campaign upon axis manpower The German high command announced Friday night that npii and Rumanian troops had captured Izytim a railroad town on the west bank of the Donets river 71 miles southeast of Kharkov after bitter street fighting German con trol of the whole triangular area between Kharkov Izyum and newlyoccupied Kupyansk was implied AS X M nazi reserves of tanks and infantry were said to have been thrown into the conflict against the reinforced Russians As the result of fierce battles populated places are continually changing hands the soviet In formation bureau said are inflicting heavy losses A Berlin broadcast said red army defenses were strong and intricate this being coupled with n statement thai the high com mand considered the attacks aimed at shortening the from line a full success Engineers of a single German battalion were reported lo have removed 1500 tank mines and destroyed 15 sta tionary flamethrowers in front of their sector in a day Soviet land and sea forces in the 23rd day of a attic to save Sevastopol and its Crimean naval base from the assault divisions of Genfritz Erich von Mannstcin were declared to have repelled several enemy attacks The Russians said six of 14 nazi bombers which approached Moscow had been shot down Thursday night without a soviet loss and the others turned tail Red airmen were said to have destroyed or damaged 8 German tanks and armored cars 200 trucks and 12 gun batteries and blown up six ammunition dumps and a freight train Thursday The Free French news agency in London reported several nazi troop ships were sunk and harbor installations were fired in an at tack by more than 100 soviet bombers on a Finnish port near embattled Leningrad A Finnish communique did not mention this action but said eight Russian planes were shot down from unusually strong formations which appeared over the southern Karelian front Thursday night 13 MINERS KILLED LONDON men were killed Saturday in an explos ionat Alurion colliery in Durham county Colliery officials said the blast was caused by the ignition of gas fumes the traditional enemy ot mineworkers Churchill Is Home Will Face Critics LONDON Minister Winston Churchill came back to England Saturday from his his toric conferences with President Roosevelt and stepped from a transAtlantic plane into the most serious political crisis of his career lie returned to a nation troubled by the serious setback to British forces in north Africa and the im minent axis smash at Egypt The longheld Brit i s h stronghold at Tobruk fell while the prime minister a s discussing w a r strategy w i t h M r Roosevelt and the capture of pome 25000 British troops there brought strong criticism of his conduct CHURCHILL rhi the house of commons is an in surgent motion for a vote of no confidence in his direction of the war Political observers believe the prime minister will win a vole of is he has before with some 20 votes cast against him and a number abstaining from the vote V All observers agreed that Churchill with the strategy mapped in Washington fresh in his mind would respond to his critics in a fighting mood but they also agreed that his oppo sition has never been more out spoken The conservative London Times attacked Britains war direction Saturday and called for a com bined general staff in an editorial declaring there had been too many symptoms of reluctance to subordinate personal predilections or established interests to the urgent need oC bringing fresh blood and fresh ideas into the conduct of the war Things arc seriously wrong the Times said The house of commons accurately reflects pub lic opinion both in demanding radical changes and in placing on the shoulders of the government the responsibility of deciding what those changes should be Although the prime ministers early return had been expected his reappearance so soon after the official announcement lus meeting with congressional leaders and the Pacific war council in Washington Thursday was surprising Replying Thursday o a ques tion in commons as to whether Churchill would return in time to deal with the no confidence motion introduced by Sir John Wardlaw Milne and 18 other members Sir Stafford Cripps house leader said merely that he hoped that would be possible The debate is scheduled for the second and third days of the next series of sittings The criticism which followed the Libyan setback has overshadowed speculation on a European second front offensive which was aroused when Church ills flight to the United Slates was announced here June 13 y Arerill llarriman United States lendIease administrator In London accompanied lie prime minister on the flight lo England Other members of the party were not mentioned in the brief government announcement of Churchills arrival Jt was the second time Churchill had flown back from the United States Last January he came back by plane after his conferences in Washington and Ottawa Churchill it was learned trav eled in a flying boat of the British Overseas Airways both to and from the United States on his most recent trip The commander of the ship was Capt J C Kelly Rogers who commanded the plane which brought Churchill home on his previous visit FRCHURCHILL PLEDGE TO SAP GERMAN POWER Statement Is Issued After British Prime Minister Reaches Home WASHINGTON Roosevelt and British Prime Min ister Winston Churchill Saturday promised to divert G e nn a 11 strengtli from Russia in forth coming operations presumably by opening a second European front In a joint statement follow ing Churchills safe return to Lnndon the leaders of the Iwo great Englishspeaking nations said they have no doubt that the overall picture is more favorable to victory for the united nations than it was when they conferred last Au gust and agatn last December Their promise to divert German strength from Russia came only two days after the war depart ment here disclosed establish ment of a European theater of operations for U S army forces under direction of Maj Gen Dwifihl D Eisenhower one of the armys ace strategists Un disclosed thousands of U S troops already are in the British Isles Emphasizing the difficulties oC transportation which must be met by the united nations to wage successful war on every conti nent and in every sea the presi Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Slightly warmer with scattered thundershowers Saturday night and Sunday fore noon IOWA Slightly warmer in cast and central portions Scattered thundershowers Saturday night and Sunday forenoon MINNESOTA Not mucii change in temperature Scattered show ers extreme northeast portion Saturday night and Su nday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 70 Jlinimum Friday night Sfi At 8 a m Saturday 67 YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum V Precipitation 88 dent and the prime minister said While exact plans for obvious reasons cannot be disclosed it can be said that the coming op erations which were discussed in detail at cur Washington confer ences between ourselves and our respective military advisers will divert German strength from the attack on Russia To make clear that tie Pacific war also is in the forefront of their plans they said We recognize and applaud the Russian resistance to Hie main attack being made by Germany and we rejoice in the magnificent resistance of the Chinese army Detailed discus sions were held with our mili tar3advisers on methods to br adopted against Japan and the relief of China Of the intensive submarine warfare being waged by the axis against united nations shipping in the western Atlantic they said While submarine warfare on the part of the axis continues to take heavy toll of ciirgo ships the actual production of new tonnage is greatly increasing month by month It is hoped that as a re sult the steps planned at this conference the respective navies will further reduce the toll ot merchant shipping The statement issued after the safe return of the prime minister to England also expressed hopt thit as a result of the conferences held by the two leaders in Wash ington tilerespective navies will further reduce the toll of axis submarines preying on allied mer chant shipping We recognize and applaud ilie Russian resistance to the main at tack being made by Germany and we rejoice in the magnificent re sistance of the Chinese army the statement said Detailed discussions were held with our military advisers on methods to be adopted against Japan and the relief of China Text of the joint statement by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill on results of their Washington conferences is as follows The week of conferences be tween the president snd the prime minister covered very fully all of the major problems of the war which is conducted by the united nations on every continent and in every sea We have taken full cognizance of our disadvantages as well as our advantages We co not under rate the task We have conducted our confer ences with the full knowledge o the power and resourcefulness of our enemies V In the matter of the pro duction of munitions of all kinds the survey gives on the whole an optimistic picture The previously planned monthly out put has not reached the maxi mum hut is fast approaching it on schedule Because of the wide extension of the war to all parts ot liio world transportation of the fight ing forces together with thp transportation of munitions or war and supplies still consti
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