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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 25, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 25 1942 THIS PAPEH CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE MAKES ALL NORTH iOWANS NEIGHBORS MSPySjjESJJIMHSNTO EGYPT DrJMarston Surgeon Nearly 50 Years Dies HAD CHARGE OF xx y Swm9 Mr FIELD HOSPITAL IN WORLD WAR Retired Lieutenant Colonel Had Been in Poor Health for Year Dr C L Marston retired lieu tenantcolonel in the medica corps reserves and a prominen Mason City surgeon for nearly 50 years died at his home 710 Car olina avenue northeast about oclock Thursday morning He hac been in failing health for the pas year Dr Marston was in charge of a field hospital with the American expeditionary forces in WorJc War I rose to the rank of major and upon his discharge was retiree as a lieutenantcolonel Dr Marston was born on February 6 ISIO at Seward 111 He came of old American stock as his first American an cestor came to this country in 1632 His father George W IWarston was a pioneer in the middle west coming from Ver mont before the Civil war and serving with Illinois troops in that war His mother Sarah Scott Marslon was a Pennsyl vanian Surviving Dr Marston are his wife Eva Scott Marston a daughter Mrs Evalyn Marston Feeney of Mason City and a daughter Dorothy Marston Kirk of Mason City free grandchil dren Arthur J dent at Grinnell college airs Dorothy Kirk Beemer ot Cleve land Ohio Mrs Patricia Kirk BasUart ot Mason City Charles DR C L 5IAKSTON MaVston Kirk now engaged in engineering work in Yukon ter ritory and Pollyarm Kirk of Mason City and one great grand son Gregory N Beemer Also surviving are three broth ers and one sister Dean Anson Marston prominent in education al and engineering work at Ames Ames W Marston a leading law yer ot Chicago 111 Walter S Marston Ames and Mrs Mary Ellis of Seward 111 Two brothers Robert Marston and G E Marston preceded Dr Marston in death a number of years ago Dr Marston was educated in ihe high school of Rockford III and received his medical educa tion at Rush Medical college from which he was graduated in 1S93 He came of a family of doctors a grandfather Dr Amos Scott was a surgeon in the Civil war and his uncle was Dr Charles Scott of Bclvidere 111 Dr Marston was married to Eva Scott on July 15 1890 at Byron 111 while the doctor was taking his medical course The celebration of their golden wed ding anniversary was observed by open house at the Marston home on July 15 1940 when hundreds of their friends paid tribute to the family Dr Marston was a member of he American Medical association the Iowa State Medical society the Cerro Gordo County Medical so ciety of which he had been presi dent and during earlier years was active in the Austin Flint society He served upon the staff of the Mercy hospital and with Dr Egloff was one of the sponsors of the Story hospital f Shortly after his return from the World war he was invited to be come a Fellow in the American Collegeof Surgeons as a result of Eisenhower LeadsYanks in Europe his record in France His sponsors for that honor were Dr Will Mayo of the Ma3o clinic ot Rochester Minn and Dr Charles Oeschnei of Chicago 111 Dr Marston and his wife ar rived in Mason City on April 6 1893 in a snowstorm and since that time in storm and sun he carried on the best tradition of American medicine Some years ago his record showed that he had brought into this world more than 5000 children and it was with great pride that he said he had lost but five mothers during that time His patients all over Cerro Gordo county will remember weli the brown team which he drove making his calls in winter and summer and how that team was o well trained by Dr Marston that it needed no guidance when he returned late at night from some call His experiences in the Ltice were those of every pio ner doctor frozen hands face and feet were a part of every win ter and the perils and suffering which he underwent justify the ovc which his patients had for Realizing the need for physi cians in the first World war he oined States the army in August ot the United of 1917 being commissioned a captain His per od of training with the field hos iual was at Ft Oglethorpe Ga where he was commissioned a major before going overseas in July of 1318 tic served in the jattlcs of the World war coming back to the States in May of 1919 JJr niarston was the first commander and one of the or Kanbcrs of San Juan post of the veterans of Foreign Wars in Mason city He also represented Cerro Gordo county in the house of representatives in the 32nd 32nd extra and 33rd ses sions of the general assembly For many years he was active n the First Regular Baptist of Mason City serving as rustee and holding other offices Commander Has Arrived in London WASHINGTON Pj Tliajor General Dwight D Eisenhower has arrived in London and taken command of the European thoater for American forces it was an nounced Thursday by the war de partment which defined a the ater of operations as an area where combat is in progress or will be Eisenhower a native Texan and an armored force expert went to his post in London from an assignment as chief of the operations division of the war departments general staff The department spokesman who defined theater of operations explained that such a theater usually is divided into the combat or front line zone and the line of and was instrumental in the uildmg and remodeling of pla re the ce about Ich which took In addition to his many other activities he was a member of 3enevolence Lodge No 145 A F A M of the Benevolence hapter and Antioch Commandry nd also had received the 32nd Degree in Masonry He had been in pcor health for nearly four years but continued in us practice up to the afternoon lefore the day of his death The funeral services of Dr Marston will be held at the Pat erson funeral home at 3 oclock communications but added that with air power so important there is little difference now be tween front and rear areas The brief announcement was made without reference to cur rent speculation on the possibility of a second front in Europe Major Gen James E Chancy has been in command of Ameri can forces in the British Isles and officials did nol disclose his new status Major General Russell P Hartlc remains in command of American forces in northern Ireland The communique No 229 said 1 European theater The war department Thursday announced the formal establish ment of a European theater of op erations for United Stales forces Major General Dwight D Eisen hower formerly assistant chief of staff in charge of operations divi sion war department general staff has been designated as com manding general European thc 3IAJ GEN EISKXHOWEK A E F Saturday afternoon Burial will be at Elmwcod cemetery In the passing of Dr Marston the community has lost a man of sterling worth of upright life and Christian character active in his home in civic religious and fraternal affairs and above all else a doctor ot the old school who exemplified in his life the best traditions of American medi cine Buy war stamps from carrier boy savings bonds and your GlobeGazette atcr with headquarters in Lon don England 2 There is nothing to report from other areas In a statement by General Eis enhower on his arrival in Eng land which the war department released the new commander said the formal establishment a European theater is a logical step in coordinating Ihe efforts of Great Britain and the United IS tales Believed Working Out Invasion Plan LONDON fp Maj Gen Dwight D Eisenhower new com mander of the United States army forces in the European theater of operations is believed to have as sumed the task of working out details for an allied invasion of the continent Eisenhower was expected to start conferences soon with Gen Sir Alan Brooke British chief of genera staff ant other military chieftains on welding American and British armies for offensive action Eisenhower who was in ciosc contact with Lord Louis Mount batten chief of the British com mandos before leaving the Unit ed States told of Mountbattens praise for American divisions with but eight weeks training S175 REPORTED STOLEN IOWA CITY OP Police re porled Thursday hat approxi mately S175 including checks was stolen from the KozaMcCollister et here sometime night V Salvage Must Be Stepped UpNelson WASHINGTON tion Chief Donald M Nelson old congress and the nation Thursday that raw materials shortages ad mittedly due in part to a loo lit tle and loo late policy eventu ally might force the scrapping of metal fences gates statuary and other decorative works There are very few important materials concerning which the government does not need to take positive action Nelson declared in a report to the special senate Gcimaii offensive against Sevas defense investigating committee Some programs we now re alize with the benefit of hind sight were clearly undertaken too late and others were con ceived in far too niggardly a fashion Lack of foresight in re quirements has certainly been all too prevalent whatever the causes of such lack may have been While asserting thai production of raw materials was steadily in creasing Nelson cautioned that scrap collections would have to be stepped up markedly We may indeed find it neces sary before we are through to go well beyond what is normally considered scrap the war pro duction board head asserted As you know a section of our salvage group has been working on spec ial projects for bringing into the scrap market socalled dormant scrap such as unused elevated railway structure In Europe the process lias gone further to include taking metals in place and in use but nol servinga vitally important use Prominen among the types of sources lapped in Europe have been metal fences statuary and ether decorative inelal work metal signs and the like I am nol yet sure what is involved in our seeking to util ize these sources of badly ncod ed metals bul il is nol too soon for all of us to begin thinking about these possibilities Any one of us can walk down any street in Washington and see substantial quantities of metals that might thus be used The decision lo curtail con struction of new plants stemmed in part from the materials short age and in part from the conver sion program which made exist ing facilities available for war work Nelson observed comment ing that our manufacturers have set up manufacturing capacity so skillfully that it is chewing up raw materials at an even faster rate than we had anticipated JAPS WIDEN ALEUTIAN HOLD Claim Positions Are Being Consolidated on Neighboring Islands By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Imperial Tokio headquarters as serted Thursday that Japanese military and naval forces were widening their seizure of the U Sowned Aleutian islands off the coast of Alaska as President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill summoned the Pacific war council to discuss the Japa nese threat A Tokio communique said Japanese seaborne forces oc cupied Kiska and Mtu islands on June 78 and declared They arc at present consoli dating tlieir positions in neigh boring islands Unconfirmed elsewhere the Japanese claim was the first in timation that the enemy was ex tending bis occupation of the deso late fogshrouded chain ot islands which point like a dagger toward the heart of Japan A Japanese correspondent with the enemy expeditionary force as serted also that Ihe invaders brought along large quantities of seeds and potatoes for planting and said This alone reveals that our ac lion was not meant to be merely temporary The Japanese command said il lad renamed Kisk as Narukami and Attu as Atsuta the latter after the Atsula shrine at Nagoya one of the four great Japanese cities attacked by U S army lombcrs led by Brig Gen James H Doolittlc on April lg Buy ampi learner boy war savings bonds and your GlobeGazette onen o NAZIS HoidingEgypt GRAVE THREAT IVlMW ULfUJIllll Uf Prime AIIIII FIERCE ATTACK ON SEVASTOPOL Battle Still Violent However With Germans Superior in Number By HENRY C CASSIDV MOSCOW gigantic topol is slackening somewhat be cause of the great losses suffered by the attackers Russian dis patches said Thursday but the battle still is violent against a everely outnumbered garrison of he Crimean port Already in the 21 day assault six German and Rumanian di visions have been defeated three others have suffered stag jrcring losses and 150 nazi tanks and hundreils of planes have been destroyed said the Russian accounts The defeated divisions were listed as the German 22nd 50th 32nd and 72nd and the Ru manian first and 18th those suf fering great losses were named as the German 24th and 117th and the Rumanian fourth In the last few days Ihc Ger mans have weakened a little in their altacks on our positions as a result of immense losses said the army paper Red Star but they still are superior in number thus cermitting them to carry on violent battles in a number of sectors While fhc Russians thus held doggedly on at Sevastopol there was n developing struggle for the Doncls and Osko basin southeast of Kharkov in the Ukraine A communique which old of overnight operations on Ihc Kharkov front where the Ger mans have been attacking since Time 22 said only that our troops fought against the en emy bul gave nodctaik of the course of Ihc battle The war bulletin added how ever that on other sectors of the front no substantial changes took place It declared the defenders of Sevastopol in the Crimea wer displaying unparalleled heroism and were waging a selfsacrific ing struggle against superior forces The German high command acknowledged Thursday for the first time that its forces had un dertaken a Ukraine offensive southeast of Kharkov on June 22 anniversary of the invasion of Russia The Berlin communique reported further gains into the Sevastopol defenses in bitter for est and housetohouse fighting Sustained pressure against dented red army lines in the Donets basin area before Khar kov cost Field Marsha Gen Fedor von Bock great losses in men and material Wednesday the soviet information bureau said and tanksupported in fantry thrusts in one sector were repelled On llic corpselittered Sevas topol front where cordite fumes vied with the aroma of blooming lilacs soviet Runners again were reported lo have repulsed at tacks of the enemy Gen Erich von Mannslcin vic tor in Ihc baltlc of the Kerch peninsula last month launched the offensive against the long besieged Crimean naval base three weeks ago Friday Substantial bleeding of Ihc Ger man army of men and machines marshaled for summer action was implied by dispatches Guns flamed through the night on the Kharkov front Sevastopols defenders were auded for heroism One unit repelled 18 enemy altacks and wiped out 350 nazis a communique said Our infantry marines and artillery are waging a selfsacrificing struggle against superior forces Tsvo operations on the Kalinin front northwest of Moscow were declared to have cost the Ger mans 400 dead The information bureau said soviet flyers Tuesday destroyed or damaged 36 tanks trucks 30 munitions carts and five field bat Icries and blew up an ammuni tion dump Our warships in the Darens sea sank an enemy transport jf 4000 tons the bureau reported Churchill Is Confident of Minister Winston Churchill told congressional leaders Thursday that Britain feels confident she can hold Egypt against the mech anized drive of Germanys descrl legions House Republican Leader Jos eph W Martin Mass told news men in a joint press conference with Speaker Sam Hayburn that Churchill had given the conferees considerable encouragement on the African situation despite the seri ous reverses this week Rayburn House Majority Leader John McCormatk D Mass and other conferees agreed that they too were Kreat ly encouraged by the presenta tion of he situation on the war fronts made by President Koosc yelt and Prime Minister Church ill in a white house conference Churchill explained nayburn said that the British have with drawn to defensive positions that lie across 400 miles ot desert from the Sues canal The legislative leaders also dis closed that the prime minister had offered encouragement on the Russian situation Another conferee said that Churchill had been asked some critical questions regarding Britains reasons for keeping the bulk of its army at home on th British isles This conferee said that the prime minister fenced with his questioners on that point but had assured them of Britains ability to hold Egypt Hayburn said that the 25jnin ute conversations had covered the genera situation in Russia North Africa and the Pacific United nations shipping losses and the prospects for keeping he sea lanes open were also discussed Rayburn said Shortly after the congression al conference nir Roosevelt and Churchill convened an extraor dinary Pacific war council mccl with Canadian Prime Min ister W L Mackenzie King also attending House Speaker Sam Rayburn one of the legislative conferee said the meeting was a review of the world situation by the presi dent and the prime minister and made in a fashion that was very pleasing to all of us Recent British reverses in North Africa particularly in Libya discussed in some detail nnv burn said He added that he nought it was safe to assume that the others in the meeting came away feeling very hopeful and very good House Republican Leader Jos eph W Martin Jr of Massachu setts said the president the prime minister presented a very interesting recital of the war situ ation as they see it to date And it was very encouragin Martin added Nazis Wipe Out Second Czech Town LONDON The Czech com munity of Lesaty in Bohemia has been razed by the nazis on the ac cusation that Ihc villagers hid parachutists involved in the slay ing ot Remhard Heydrich protec tor of BohemiaMoravia it was reported Thursday in Budapest radio broadcast heard by a Czech government listener here This was the second village wiped out by the Germans in ven geance for tbe death of Heydrich the Germans having reported June 10 they had slain the male popu lation of Lidice near Prague sent the women to concentration camps nntt the children institutions to educational Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Thursday after noon through Friday forenoon with occasional showers and thunderstorms MINNESOTA No decided change in temperature Thursday after noon through Friday forenoon with occasional showers IOWA No decided change in tem perature Thursday afternoon through Friday forenoon with occasional showers liN7 MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 7f Minimum Wednesday night 16 At 8 a m Thursday 61 Rain 19 inch YEAR AGO Maximum no Minimum 50 THRIKT flFFFRS TO SUEZ CANAL British May Attempt to Make Stand 140 Miles Within Egypt By UNITED PRESS An axis inechmtzed army imashcd through Great Britains forts on Ihe Egyptian frontier Thursday and drove the crippled1 eighth army back 55 miles lo the Sidi Barrani sector in the wars jravest threat against the Suez anal Three armored under uazi Field Marshal Erwin Kommel captured Solum Ca puzzo and Hell Fire pass on the border claimed capture of Sidi Barrani and struck behind heavy aerial bombardment to ward the bis coastal base of Marsa jHatruh where the Brit ish may attempt to make their stand 110 rniics inside Egypt Moving day and night pushing eastward without giving the de fense forces a chance lo get set and boldly risking long communi cations lines Rommel quickly reached the high point of the Italian invasion of Egypt in 1940 and overcame stubbornly fighting British mobile units along the Mediterranean coastal plains The blow to the eighth army under Lieut Gen Neil M Ritchie was one of the most severe ot the North African war although by no means decisive in the battle for Egypt Rommels transporta tion problems arc now tremend ous and his land and sea supply routes open to heavy allied aerial bombardment with United States fourengined B24 bombers par ticipating There also were indicalions that reinforcements were still moving ly EKJ nl presumably from other middle eastern sec tors and a German radio dis patch asserted that some II 000 United Stales troops in Iraq had rushed toward Pal estine to aid in bolslerinR the threatened Mediterranean fronts The American force was a motorized division according lo the enemy broadcast Rommels successful and quick break through the frontier how ever had created the most clan joroiis situation for the allied middle east defenses and greatly advanced Hitlers plan for twin offensives through the Russian Caucasus sector and through Egypt to cut vital united nations communications routes and seize the oil of the near east Despite the British report of axis losses in ihe Egyp tian desert Rommel was now in possession of al the frontier forts was less than 100 miles from the railroad terminal and base at Mnicn Malruh 250 miles from Alexandria and SOO miles from Sue Northward across Ihc Mediter ranean the Germans reportedly have massed large aerial forces including parachute troops to aid the attack on Egypt or lo turn suddenly against the near cast by way of Cyprus and Syria if the allies weaken those fronts to bol ster Ritchies army How long ihe tough experi enced nazi African corps can keep going in view of the desert heat the hottest season is now aarled and poor communications lines remains o be seen Bul Rommel repeatedly has shown boldness and generalship in such situations and there was little to show whether the allied losses had been as great or greater than the axis Routes by CAIRO fighting rngcd more than 55 miles inside Egypt Thursday as powerful in vading axis forces swept past Sidi Barrani high water mark of the Italian offensive in the fall of 1910 after forcing the British to abandon the frontier strongholds of Salum and Sidi Omar 25 miles inland The Germans and Italians said they had captured Sidi Barrani but the British left this in question by announcing merely that the enemy had reached a point south east of Sidi Barrani London experts expressed be lief that the British might fall still farther back to make their stand since they must Ret out of striking distance of the enemy lo complete regrouping and re equippingnecessitated by the eighth armys defeat in Libya These sources also suggested that the Germans might seek to
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