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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 19, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CQMP DEPARTMENT CF H I STORY AiD ARCH I j THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PMSS AND UMTKD PRESS TOLL LEASED MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 19 1942 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE ONE NO 215 BIJMJWMYFALLSJACKTOIGYPT IN LIBYA DRIVE Rommels Mechanized Forces Cut British Mediterranean Road CAIRO Egypt CUR Axi mechanized forces slashed through tne Gambut sector of the Libyan fighting front Friday cut thi road iso lated Tobruk and drove the main British army back to the Egyptian frontier despite a series of coun terblows on the south desert front The stronghold of Tobruk which the British apparently are again going to hold to the bitter end was thus put umler siege by nazi Col Gen Erwin Rommel and the bulk of the eighth army fell back some 80 miles to their strong fortifica tions on the Egvptinn border The axis drive to surround To bruk was successful due to a breakthrough somewhere east o Gambut which lies midway be tween Tobruk and Bardia on the north Libyan coast Late advices said that the Brit ish were engaging axis forces i a rear guard action east of Gam but which lies about 34 miles eas of Tobruk Two enemy armorec columns were said to be in this action but no big scale axis at tack or artillery barrage has ye been started against Tobruk it self The German and Italian com muniques Friday claimed 1000 British soldiers were taken prisoner in the Tobruk sector anc that 10 British tanks and much war material were destroyedThe axis troops are now in contact with the fortifications of Tobruk the communique said All doubt as to whether the British would again make a strong stand at Tobruk appeared to have been removed and the British forces there appeared to be ready for another siege despite the fact that it will be more difficult this time to supply them by water BRITISH HARASSING AXIS RIGHT FLANK Egypt back after withdrawing to strong new positions along the Egyptiar frontier Britains desert were harassing the right flank of J Field Marshal Envin Rommels f axis armies Friday in an effort to reduce pressure oh Tobruk That stronghold apparently was virtually cut off from over land communications by the British withdrawal and the Ger mans were reported moving up great 210millimeter guns 826 inches in largest mobile weapons ever used in the I bring it under siege In an attempt to impede these operations aBritish communiqu disclosed swift mechanized units of Lieut Gen Neil M Ritchies eighth army swept out from iho new border defense line and knifed in behind Rommels forces in a swift surprise attack from the south The communique indicated that the Tobruk defenders were hold ing strong positions and the post appeared in no immediate danger Reestablishment of the im perial forces followed with drawals announced Thursday from the desert towns of FI Adem and Sidi Rezetft south and southeast of Tobruk he Mediterranean port which the British have held almost IT months through offensive and counteroffensive Our mobile forces operating from the south are confining en emy columns to the coastal belt a communique said A British column in these roving operations wai reported to have shelled enemy troops on the Ei Adem airdrome Our troops in the Tobrufc area Thursday destroyed three enemv tanks and damaged four the communique said indicating that Field Marshal Envin Rom mel s axis spearheads already were striking in force at the ports outer lines Tanks in Mass Production Triplets Born to Tripletts RAWLINS Wyo and Mrs R E Triplett Friday an nounced the birth of triplets three baby boys The tiny infants were placed in an incubator where they will remain for a few days They were born Thursday night Doctors said their mother was doing nicely The Tripletts have two oihpr children a daughter two and a son three Wennerstrum Named to Succeed Bliss as owa Chief Justice BES MOINES IP John W Anderson of Sioux City H G Carlwrighl of Marshalltown and I Vilson W Cornwall of Spencer Thursday weVe appointed to the board of bar examiners by he Iowa supreme court The ap pointments are effective June 30 CarUvright and Cornwall will replace Herbert Hoffman of Du buque and C M Jepson of Sioux ity Anderson was reappointed o the board which prepares ex aminations lor admission to the bar The court also elected Charles F Wennerstrum of Chari on chief justice for the six nonth period ending next Dec 31 o succeed Judsje W L Bliss of Mason City chief justice since asl Jan I Nazi Dive Bombers Destroy British Warship 4 Trawlers Half of Attacking Force Shot Down in Wild Sea Air Melee Weather Report FORECAST OWA No decided change in tem perature Friday night and Sat urday forenoon except cooler northwest and extreme west portion beginning late Friday mght Scattered thunderstorms west and south portions Friday night and east and central por tions Saturday forenoon IINNESOTA Not much in temperature Friday night and Saturday forenoon except cooler west and north central portions Saturday forenoon Scattered showers northwest and thunderstorms southwest portions Friday nigfit and show ers or thunderstorms Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY Maximum Thursday Minimum in Night At 8 a m Friday YKAR AGO Maximum Minimum 85 52 60 P2 61 LONDON wild sea and air melee 100 miles off the French Atlantic coast on Wednesday which resulted in the destruction of four Spanish fishing trawlers the 1120 ton British destroyer Wild Swan and half of an attacking force of 12 German dive bombers was dis closed Friday by Uie British ad miralty Chronologically this was what happened according to the admi ralty communique 1 A dozen JunkersSSs roared in on the 23 year old destroyer on Wednesday evening and also turned their attention to a Span ish trawler fleet which was fish ing in the vicinity as the admi ralty expressed il 2 Three of thr little Spanish vessel were sunk and a fourth was damaged 3 The Wild Swan shot down four of the 12 Junkers and two others which probably were winged by the destroyers guns collided and crashed into the sea The Wild Swan herself dam aged collided accidentally with the damaged Spanish1 trawler sending the fishing boat under 5 The Wild Swan subsequently sank Eleven members of the trawler crew and the bulk the Wild Swans complement were saved H M s 1Vid Swan was herself damaged in the engage ment said the admiralty com munique and unfortunately a collision occurred between her and a damaged Spanish trawler as a result of which the rawler sank Eleven members of the crew of the trawler including the skipper were rescued and now have been landed in a Brit ish port The board of admiraltv regrets to announce that H Wild Blood Mormon Leader Dies at 69 SALT LAKE CITY Henry H Blood 69 governor of Utah for two terms and a leader in the Laltcr Day Saints Mormon church died Friday Blood completed his second term as governor in 1911 and went to California as head of the church activities in that state He represented the church in England in the early 1900s Several Towns Recaptured by Chinese Troops BULLETIN CHUNGKING JR Chinese mobile forces operating behind he lines of Japans offensive in Chekiangrand Kiangsi provinces have recaptured several towns and inflicted heavy casualties on the enemy in widespread at tacks a Chinese communique said Friday nighl By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS High Chinese quarters declared Friday that Japan had massed nearly 1000000 troops in Man churia and said new advices in dicated that the Japanese planned to strike at Russian Siberia some time in July Neutral observers however expressed belief that Japan would not risk taking on a new enemy until Adolf Hitler had started his longdetaycd grand offensive against until she was sure that the Ger man push was succeeding Hussia and Japan have a five year neutrality and friendship pact signed April 13 1941 which so far has been observed amid warnings by Moscow and Tokio to each other against violations High quarters in Chungking Chinese wartime capital said the Japanese general staff preferred to postpone further thrusts into the South seas in favor of strate gy affecting territory nearer Japan The Japanese want to estab lish a security zone it was said the hour when American war production would be translated into a fullscale offensive against Japan With this in mind the Chinese said Japan has two principal ob and Siberia But the great American victory in the battle of Midway frustrated any Japanese plan for an attack on Hawaii and Japan therefore was expected to turn igairse Siberia On the China fighting front Generalissimo Chiang Kai Slicks Chinese armies doggedly fought against a dozen or more Japanese invasion columns chiefiy in the eastern and southern provinces In the battle of Australia an allied spokesman said the Japa nese were using two new type lighter Zero fighter and a cannonequipped medium he added that the enemy was bombing with even less accuracy than in the Phil ippines Gen Douglas MacArlhurs head quarters said 38 heavy Japanese combers escorted by lighters again attacked the allied outpost at Port Moresby New Guinea but succeeded in damaging only one small ship United nations flyers inter cepted the raiders ami shot down two bombers and a fighter The Japanese arc nol very clever about bombing an air orcc spokcsjnan sairl An exam pic is their use of balloons for vind drift which is downright silly Kindergarten stuff Meanwhile Australias prime minister John Curtin who has aken an increasingly gloomy view of the war during the past veek declared in Melbourne that leavy shipping losses were be ginning to cause alarm among the illies NAZIS STEP UP FURY OF DRIVE ON SEVASTOPOL Believe Desperate Effort to Capture Fortress Under Way BULLETIN MOSCOW Fritz von Mansterns lllh German army of 150000 men stepped up the fury of frontal assaults upon besieged Sevastopol Friday in what appeared to be a desperate effort to take the Crimean fort ress before Monday the first anniversary of the war in Rus sia By C CASSIDY MOSCOW oE Ger manys offensive power was im plied by a Russian military writer Friday and the soviet information bureau said nazi shock troops again had lost heavily duriii fierce but futile attacks upon Se vastopol Coincident with the opening of the third week of the axis drive against Sevastopol Cri mean naval base besieged since last Nov 7 it was disclosed that drenching Ihunderstorms had slowed fighting in an associated operation on the Kharkov front 400 miles lo the north A communique said Russian units in a Kharkov front area had killed more than 1000 Ger mans and destroyed nine tanks n repulsing attacks over a three day period The dates were not announced Northwest of Moscow the Ger mans were reported driven out nf several positions on the Kalinin front Prisoners were taken and wir materiel was seized the com munique said Russian officials ignored a declaration by the German high command that its forces had stormed Sevastopols northern fortifications and were within two mites of the harbor en trance The heroic defenders of Se vastopol courageously and staunchly beat off numerous Gey man attacks the information bureau reported of Thursdays en gagements Soviet air units ranging water ways as well as the land front from the Arctic to the Black Sea vere credited with sinking an axis ransport and a patrol boat and damaging five minesweepers and a patrol ship Wednesday Mai Gen Nikolaj Zhuravlcv military observer of the Moscow News said the Germans were drawing increasing numbers of troops and equipment against Sevastopol but its position re mained unchanged Swan subsequently sank The crew number of casualties and the next of kin are being informed as soon ASK ALL FAIRS BE POSTPONED OCD Director Makes Appeal NonEssentia Conclaves Be Delayed WASHINGTON gov ernment asked Friday that all state and county fairs nonessen tial conventions meetings and group tours be postponed until the war is over Joseph B Eastman defense transportation director made the appeal and said that if civilians restricted their use of trains and buses the government might not have to take direct control over travel In asking postponement of fairs Eastman said farmers should not be encouraged to use tires for such nonessential purposes Attendance at meetings con nected with the war effort he said should be skeletonized along the lines of the example set by the American Legion in its forthcoming convention 62NDRAIDON PORT MORESBY ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Australia Attacking for a hird time in the past three days Japanese heavy bombers this time 18 strong with a formidable fighter Friday at Port Moresbys harbor installa tions It was the 62nd raid on the allied base in New Guinea The allied fighters based there were reported to have been out numbered by the enemy but the defenders delivered strong opposi tion One allied pilot attacked three Zero fighters broke up one with his cannon fire and saw an other RO diving with smoke pour ing from the motor During the brief combat two enemy planes were hit by cannon and machinegun fire Allied tightens pursued the Japa nese more than 100 miles after the raid Seven Zeros waiting for the return of the attackformation joined the Japanese after the at tack on their way home Small U S Vessel Is Shelled and Sunk WASHINGTON navy announced Friday that o small United Slates merchant vessel had been shelled and sunk by an en emy submarine in the Caribbean and that survivors had been land ed at an cast coast port Alertness of Allies Shown by Conference By DE WITT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst British Premier Churchills ar for another conference with President Roosevelt is an inspir ing indication allied alertness and coordination of effort at this crucial moment when decisive military actions are on the fire Its natural that speculation over the opening of a second from should mushroom up overnight in view of the pres sure from Moscow and the re ccnt allied agreement on the urgent tasks of creating a sec ond front in Europe in 1942 Without doubt this burning question will figure in the RooseveltChurchill talks but that cant tie the sole subject Tor consideration since there are numerous other vital problems which warrant this unexpected but not very surprising meeting For instance l Chinas posi tion is probably more serious than it has been since the outbreak of the ChinoJapanese conflict and Chungking is urging immediate allied aid 2 The threat of a Jap attack on Hussia is ever pres ent its materialization likely de pending on a successful develop ment of Hitlers offensive in east ern Europe for the wily Nippo nese will hesitate to attack a winning soviet High Chinese sources Friday said they thought the Japanese figured on strikino Siberia in July 3 On the credit side the fierce losses we inflicted on the Jap navy and air fleet at Midway coupled with the Nipponese defeat in the Coral sea have so weak ened the enemy striking power in the Pacific that a realignment of allied strategy mnv now be pos sible 4 But on the debit page we have the heavy shipping losses in the Atlantic due to the unre stricted nazi submarine campaign a matter of much con cern at a time when speedy trans portation of war supplies is ur gent 5 The foremost questions how ever revolve about that great summer offensive which Hitler is Drying to bring into being for the outcome of the war most likely hinges on that Into ifiis piclure of course fits the matter of that second it is desir tble or feasible at this time Hitlers preliminary efforts to Kct his big drive into full swing have been unsuccessful in the face of a really magnificent Russian resistance and counter attack However nobody is naive enough to believe that the nazi chief has shoun his full power or anything like it He still liolcLs in reserve a vast army of fresh troops anil moun tainous materiel includinggreat air strength All tliat is coins to be brought into action snnn and then hell begin o pop That brings us tn another thought You may recall that Inng ago this column said if Hitler found himself stymied on the Russian front he probably would either try to fight his way through Turkey into the middle enst or bypass Turkey and attack through Syria I was chatting Thursday with General H S Sowell the distinguished British military expert and he believes Hitler may be getting set to un dertake a TurkishSyrian opera tion Should such nn offensive ma lerialiac il would immediately challenge nil the British anil American resources in the mid dle they arc vcrv con siderable The United stitcs would come into hc fichting in a big way not only with our air force but undoubtedly with troops which already arc in that the ater Xari Marshal Rommels bril liant offensive in Libra headed towards Egypt and the Suez Canal would be an invaluable contribution to a Hitlerian drive through or around Turkey Theres no doubt that the open ing up of a successful second front in western Europe would vastly case the position in Russia and the middle east However it is a terribly dangerous undertaking and a failure would be utterly disastrous Thats why the allied high command must know what its doing before it jumps and why the gencrnl public shouldnt try to stampede our military ex pert The allies arc showing ini tiative these day and we shall set hc second front if it is war ranted AWAIT ORDERS OF ROOSEVELT AND CHURCHILL Believe 2nd Front Likely as Result of Axis Advances LONDON formidable allied army with the most modern equipment is ready and eager to move into a second front against the axis in Europe or the near east if President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill ive the order The prospects of a second front in 1942 was the subject of increased speculation as a result of British reverses in Libya heavier axis attacks in the Rus sian Crimea and the fact that powerful striking forces are be ing built up in the British Isles These forces which might be used in Europe to force Hitler to weaken more distant fronts 01 might be rushed to other world sectors include About 1500000 highlyiraincd British troops plus a big Cana dian striking force which some sources estimate at 200000 troops and a formidable force of Poles Free French Czechs Bel gians Norwegians and Dutch United States expeditionary forces in the British Isles are being steadily reinforced and have some of the worlds best equipment believed to exceed the fire power of German ar mored strength in Libya The RAF with coming strong American aid could provide a protective umbrella for assault forces comparable to the sup port which the luflwaffe al though there is no indication in official sources whether allied air support now is considered strong enough to support a full scale invasion of Europe U S AND BRITISH LEADERS CONFERRING By DOUGLAS B CORNELL WASHINGTON prime minister and Americas president put their heads together at a secret rendezvous Friday over winthewar strategy and an abundance of factors added to a conviction on either side of the Atlantic that they were weighing plans for opening a second battle front in Europe Presidential Secretary Ste phen Early said he considered speculation on a second front perfectly justified It was Early who announced Thursday night that Winston Churchill Englands pudgy pic turesque war leader had come to the United Slates n second lime within seven months bringing with him some of his topflight military advisers Tor on the war the conduct of thn war and lie winning of the war The spectacular flight of Chur chill and his party to this country converted it for the time being into headquarters for a major segment of the military high com mand of the united nations The entire world looked toward Wash ington ns a result for portentous decisions which might start the war off on a new and fateful tan lent But the presidents usual Fri day press conference was can celled and Early said no state ments need be expected from Mr KoosevcH or the prime minister during the rest of the week There was not the slightest ten dency here to minimize the signi ficance of the RooseveltChurchill deliberations coming ns they did so soon after Russias foreign commissar V M Molotos harl made secret visits to London and Washington As soon as Molotov was safely back in Moscow announcements were forthcoming of an Anglo Russian 20ycnr mutual assistance pact and of an understanding among Britain Russia and the United States on the urgent tasks of creating a second front in Eu rope in 1942 Molotovs trip was widely re garded as an integral part of re cently developing allied strategy designed to keep the common ene my worrying over signposts point ing in the general ticrection of another fighting front Among the signposts were these A second front could he counted on to siphon off some of the nazi strength now concentrated on of fensives which have set the Brit ish back in Libya and hammered
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