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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 5, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANO ARCHIVES KOINES IA OES ASSOCIATED PMSS AND UNTB FUU THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 5 1942 THIS PAPEK CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE 7 w jv ut w MVO SECTiJONS MIDWAY BATTERS ENEMY 1000 Damaged by Defenders UNCHALLENGED BY LUFTWAFFE IN DAY SWEEPS Targets Along NaziHeld Coast North France Hit LONDON fleets of British bombers and fighters to talling possibly 1000 or more planes slruek at northern France Friday in relays without any real challenge from the Germans air force whose fighters appeared to be avoiding battle Hour after hour the RAF squadrons swept acrossthe channel carrying out their fourth bigscale daylight as sault in five days with every indication that by nightfall Mondays record would be equalled or perhaps exceeded On Monday more than lOOl planes carried out the biggest daylight sweeps of the war Throughout the day observers along the English channel coast heard the raiders going over striking at targets along thenazi held coast and in northern France The German defense planes were reported to have practically ignored the attacks for the sec ond straight day Although hun dreds of planes participated in Thursdays sweeps oniy three fighters were lost so weak was the opposition Two major sweeps engaging hundreds of planes were carried out before noon under a blazing sun and clear sky While bad weather kept the great longrange bombers aground during the night fighter and coastal command forces heavily raided occupied territory and per sons along the English southeast coast heard the explosion of great bombsoil the French coast The night raiding planes ranged from the docks of Dieppe to air Jromes in Holland and returned without loss From then on fleets of raiding fighters and light bombers re turning from France met fresh squadrons racing toward the con tinent on the attack At one time planes criss crossed the channel for two hours and it was indicated that the days sweeps would surpass even the 1000 plane days earl ier this week Soon after dawn fleets of fight er plane and Hurricane fighters newly equipped with bomb racks crossed the strait along withI light bombers for a new day of raids on airdromes antiair de fenses and factory and railroad centers Reports from coastal watchers indicated that hundreds of planes operating over occupied ler communique of Thursday said Spitfire fighters swept the Cherbourg area in the morning after Spitfires and bombing equipped Hurricanes had attacked the German air field at ZUauper tus destroying an enemy fighter plane In the afternoon several squadrons of Spitfires swept the Calais area and Boston bomb ers American made stronglr escorted by fighters bombed the Boulogne docks Many squadrons of fighters escorted Bostons in an attack on the Dunkirk docks in the evening it was added German planes in weak ven geance iaicis bombed northeast coast points of England and a single plane damaged homes and caused a few casualties at an east coast town Only one casualty nonfatal was reported along the northeast coast where one German plane was shot down At several points watchers re ported that G cr m a n planes dropped flares but fled without dropping bombs when he guns opened against them or More RAF Planes Raid France JaRAttacks Indicate Axis Six Months Ahead of Schedule Japs Warned Against Use of Poison Gas 21 Killed in Arsenal Blast in Illinois NAZI WARSHIPS Score Hurt HIT BY BRITISH in Explosion at Joliet LONDON The German battleship Tirpitz and the Ger man heavy cruiser Admiral Hip per received several direct hits during the last RAF bombing raid on the Trondheim area Nor wegian sources reported here Fri day quoting advices from Trond heim One of the ships not specified developed a definite list these sources said The Norwegians said the RAF raids April 2930 also scored hits on airfields at Vaernes and Oerlandet The Germans blocked off the Oerlandet field but it was learned the barracks were hit and 17 Germans killed at Vaernes After the raids these sources added workmen on the German naval base being built at Trond heim went on strike and many left the area ritory An air ministry covering operations Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy OneTime Star of Silent Screen Dies ROME N Y Or metta Fulcher 52 erroneously described as the former Wanda Hawley in the report of her death Thursday was Ormi Hawley an other tsar of the silent screen Ormi Hawley appeared in 370 silent pictures starring in many Wanda who is still alive is no relation Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not quite so hot Friday night and Saturday fore noon Scattered thundershow crs at or near city IOWA Slightly cooler in west por tion Friday night and in most sections Saturday forenoon Scattered thundcrshowers Sat urday forenoon in west and ex treme portion Friday night MINNESOTA Slightly cooler with scattered showers and thunder storms south and central por tions Not much change in tem perature with occasional rain in extreme north portion Friday night and Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 89 Minimum in night fig At 8 a m Friday 77 YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 54 JOLIKT explosion rocked the mammoth Elwood nr senal one of the largest in the nation early Friday leaving at least 21 known dead Capt Da vid P Tunstall army press rela tions officer announced More than a score of men were injured and 2g others working in the shipping build me escaped unhurt Three of the dead were identi fied but Tunstall did not an nounce the names of any of the 40 casualties The blast heard lor a radius of of miles at a m Central War Time destroyed the shipping building of group two of the El wood ordnance shell loading plant which had been described by jls director as the largest in the world Captain Tunslall said there was no hint of sabotage but that its possibility tvoutd be in vestigated by a board of in quiry Lieut Col Don M Hoffman commanding officer probably will convene the board of inquiry but Tunstall said the time and place had not been set Dr H L Shultz medical direc tor was in charge of rescue opera tions Tunstall emphasized that op erations in the one group would be interrupted only a short time The plant was designed with the view of preventing and mini mizing explosions and was scat tered over a large area of south ern Will county south of Joliet that Doolittle dropped on Tokio b y came from the Elwood loading plant and its companion plant the Karkakee Ordnance TNT works a government spokesman recently said The two plants were in produc tion some time before pearl Har bor TanstaH said the wrecked building a brick and concrete onestory structure about 75 feet wide and 275 long housed only the shipping facili ties of one unit of the vast plant Loading operations in three other buildings in the vicinity will not be interrupted he said Under censorship there was no miormation about the total num ber of units in the El wood arsenal which covered a 1650 acre manufacturing area and has 85 miles of railroad tracks within 44 miles of fence About 60 persons were working in lie building that was demol ished according to Fred Klias who said his brother Edmund 19 was among them Frcd Elias said he was working in n building when he heard the explosion in one about a mile away The whole building went up he said and the roofs of three other buildings were blown off v The explosion broke windows in department stores in Kankakee 22 miles away and aroused resi dents of communities throughout northeastern Illinois The factory covering 23 square miles began production of high explosive bombs Aug 30 1941 two months ahead of schedule It was constructed in 10 months More than 10000 persons arc employed on Orce shifts At the time the works was opened LI Col T C Gerber its director termed it the largest operating ordnance plant in the world and the first of the gov ernments new midwestern arse nals to produce aerial bombs Tunstall said the plant would operate Friday since it is so con structed that damage to one unit would not impede operations of the others The disaster was the plants first Together with the Kankakee powder works and the IMomence loading depot the munitions layout represents a project The blast apparently occurred shortly before a m central war At that minute tele phone exchanges in Chicago be csme flooded with inquiries Five hundred calls regarding the shock were received at Chicago police stations Numerous persons telephoned the Chicago weather bureau be heard and felt as far east as Ham mond Ind and as far north as Waukegan 111 Damage to windows in Wil mington and Joliet was severe but by an odd quirk the windows Elwood for undamaged the most part were General Drive By DeWITT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst Expansion of the Japanese raid on Dutch Harbor into an attack on our Midway island with heavy naval and air forces compels us o take a wider view of these jperations and note they are fur day of Official information lner indications that we arc on that Japan was using poison ist China and grimly that if the Japanese persisted in this form of war fare the United States would mete out retaliation in kind ant in full measure The reports that Japan on several occasions Itad rcsorlcd to gas warfare were described by the chief executive to his press conference as authorita tive He read a brief formal statement which he said file state department had prepared making it unequivocally clear that the United States would consider the use of gas asainst China or any other united na tion as an action against the United States The text of the statement lol ii reports are lows Authoritative reaching this government of the use by Japanese armed forces in various localities of China of poisonous or noxious gases I de sire to make it Unmistakably clear that if Japan persists in this in human form of warfare against China or against any other the united nations such action will be regarded by this government as though taken against the Unit ed Stales and retaliation in kind and in full measure will be meted out Vfc shall be prepared to en force complete retribution Upon Japan will rest the responsibility Just vhere or in what manner Ihis retribution might be carried out was of course a matter of continuing secrecy But the Amer ican bombing attack on key Japa nese cities and military objectives in April came readilv to the minds of Mr Roosevelts hearers However the United Stales ap parently would stand ready to gas warfare on the basis of Mr Roosevelts statement against Japanese fighting forces anywhere in the world To questions whether he had any reports on the use of poison gases in the European war thea ter the chief executive respond ed that he had had reports but that they were not yet authori tative ones If they were authoritative would we take the same position a reporter inquired The president dismissed that question by saying his interroga tor had been around long enough to know better than lo ask one starting with the word if Suppose we say another newspaperman remarked our policy with respect to the axis will be uniform Again Mr Roosevelt shunted aside the inquiry by telling his questioner he ought to be in the state department He agreed however that Great Britain had taken a stand with regard to Germany such as that now enunciated by this country against the Nipponese Prime Minister Churchill has warned Germany that if she uses poison fras against the Russians the British inexorably wiJI use it ajrainst the rcich Mr Roosevelt said he did not wish to go beyond the language of his statement which he said the state department had written very carefully He asserted that the various governmental department uuicau LIU tuiimemai departments jevmg an earthquake had rocked cerned have concurred in the views hen homes They reported pic enunciated in thai slatemenl He lure ha not name the lures had been knocked askew on did 1Mme lne acoartmentq wal s and doors rattled The army but the war and navy department ntclligcncc office m Chicago said naturally would have direct Pn the sound and shock had been terest Asked whether he had any re ports on the mistreatment of American prisoners held by the Japanese the president said he had received nothing author tat re He was informed that an article m a current magazine Saturday Evening Post spoke of Japanes British and said the author had talked it over the ge 9l a scncrai axis on year While the precise purpose of tlie Japanese raids is still in doubt they fit in perfectly with the signs that the axis volcano is about to erupf Certainly the fact that the Japs struck at lit tle Midway in strength even employing a battleship ivould seem to indicate that they are bent on something more than hitandrun raids They are building towards a climax Also a part of this broad picture is the thus far unsuccessful but determined offensive of wily nnzi Marshal Rommel in ui effort to Set set for a drive against Egypt and the Suez canal across the Libyan sands That is an integral item in the Hitlerian strategy for conquering the middle eist nnd thus reaching the supplies which Germany must have short the nazi fuehrer is Furious Fight for Possession of Tiny Island in Progress HONOLULU AP American defenders spurred by initial successes closed battle Friday with a strong Japanese seaair task force in what may be a finish fight for possession of Midway island Already the island garrison had scored hits on an enemy battleship an aircraft carrier and pos sibly other war vessels Raidingplanes were brought down in great number And said Admiral Chester W Nimitz com manderinehief of the Pacific fleet our attacks on the enemy are continuing This latest assault on Hie tiny isUaiul outpost last line oC defense before Hawaii itself began shortly after dawn Thursday It found the American forces keyed to fighting pitch by long preparation and patently strengthened in the months since they first repulsed such an attack Dec 7 It found them alert and forewarned by the preceding days raid upon Dutch Harbor 2000 miles to the north It the enemy may have 11H IJlrtV Hi command is In no way stepped Unwittingly into about to strike and his allies and henchmen are coming jnto action Any day now we may expect him to launch against he Mus covites that much advertised spring offensive which has been so long delayed that sum mer already is edgingon to the southern Russian steppes We are on the verge of the conflict which bids to be the greatest and bloodiest of history for upon its course depends in major degree the outcome nf Hie entire world war both in Europe and the Pacific Private advices stale hat the nai chief has ready for action some 200 divisionsof fresh troops in the neighborhood of two and threequarter million men These arc in addition to the mil lion and a half who have been holding the long Russian line dur ing the past fierce winter of Na poleonic tragedy They are rest ing on new arms which have been pouring from the hard pushed factories of Germany and the oc cupied countries Then we have that vast nazi anfleet which has been largely idle for months Hitler apparent ly liasbeen husbanding and add ing to his aerial striking power for coming events The strength of this armada is of course prob lematical but military experts are agreed that it is a mighty force All this sounds and indeed it is Any allied complacency because of recent successes certainly would lip badly misplaced and it should be emphasized that the allied high underrating Hitlers strength What we can note with satis faction is that drawn up against him is a Russian force which nu merically is superior Whether the reds are equipped to with stand the mechanized Gorman onslaught cannot beanswered in advance of the event We can say though that if the Russians can hold the keep them from breaking through to the resources of the Caucasus and middle the allies will have Herr Hitler neatly speared on the toasting fork In other words the reds dont have to roll the Hitlerites back and invade Germany at this juncture in order to achieve ultimate vic tory Low Temperature of 64atDecorah98 Reported at Iowa City DES JIOINES cannot seem lo shake off this Turkish bath spell of weather Temperatures again pointed lo torrid heights Friday after touch ing a searing 98 the state high Thursday at Iowa City Thursday nights low was 54 at Dccorah There was no rain re ported The n ji Friday wa temperature here WANT FARM LABOR ALBANY N Y York stale pressing for a 5 to 32 net cent expansion of its first war year crops will ask every avail able man from 16 to 50 years old to help harvest them spot too hot to handle But it also appeared strong ly possible the Japanese did not intend this as a hitand run affair like their five preced ing forays against Midway Presence of capital ships in the attacking force and the heavy toll the defenders were able to exact in he first few hours of the operation suggest ed the enemy was at hand with the sole purpose of taking over the island completely and finally And with the tradi tion of Wake island ns its guide was obviously in no mind to let the issue go by default Admiral communique indicated the Americans success was achieved at little cost lei themselves He reported Hint damage to materiel and installa tions on the island 1143 miles northwest of Hawaii was minor No reports of personnel cas ualties were received the com munique added Nor did the admiral clarify which units of the United States defenders delivered the telling blows against the Jap battleship and carrier The attack was repulsed by local defenders in which ait armed services arc repre sented he said indicating that marine sea and air forces were in action The admirals communique told this lerxc story At a in today Thurs day Midway time that island was heavily raided by Japanese earnerbased planes The attack was repulsed by local defenders
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