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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 19, 1942, Mason City, Iowa Or NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTOHV AND DES MO I HES I A HOME EDITION THt NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS PU1X LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MAY 19 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 188 Mason Cityans District Governors of Lions and Rotary Service Clubs DOOLITTLE LED TOKIO RAID Yank Airmen Flew Over Japan at Low Level DK T E DAVIDSON ROY L BAILEY Dr Davidson President of Iowa Rotary Dr T E Davidson of Mason City was elected governor of the 132nd district of Rotary Interna tional at the distnct conference in Des Moines Monday afternoon This district comprises all of Iowa except tile two western tiers of counties Dr Davidson will have 84 clubs under his jurisdic tion Dr Davidson who is on the staff of the Park hospital in Ma son City has been a resident of this community since 1924 He has served as president and helc other important offices in the loca club A number of Mason City Hotarians attended the state con ference Bailey Heads Lions Clubs in District 9A Roy L Bailey of Mason City was elected the new governor of district 9A comprising all north east Iowa at the twentyfifth an nual state convention of the Lions International at Marshall town Monday afternoon Two other district governors were elected at the meeting Hugh E Gordon Marion heading dis trict 9B and Charles H Chaffee Council Bluffs district 9C Mr Bailey was recently elected president of the Mason City club He has been a Lions club mem ber for many years throughout his entire residence in Mason City and also during earlier residence at Osage He is agency manager of the Bankers Life company here WASHINGTON Brig Gen James H Doolittles statement on the recent bombing of Tokio follows in full text The success of the recent air raid on Japan exceeded our most optimistic expectations Each plane was assigned spe cific targets and the bombardiers carried out their expert duties with remarkable precision Since the raid was made in fair weather in the middle of the day and from a very low altitude no trouble whatever was experienced in finding the exact target designated Apparently there was no advance warning of the raid as we experiencedlittle hostile reaction Not more than 30 Japanese pursuit planes were observed during the flight and these were completely ineffective Several we know were shot down possibly more Incidentally the pilots of these planes seemed somewhat inexperienced evidently not up to the standard of those encountered in active theaters We approached our objectives just over the house tops but bombed at 1500 feet The target for one plane was a portion of the navy yard south of Tokio in reach ing which they had passed over what apparently was a flying school as there were a number of planes in the air One salvo made a direct hit on a new cruiser or battleship under construction They left it in flames After releasing our bombs we dived again to the tree tops and went to the coast at that altitude to avoid anti aircraft fire Along the coast line we observed several squadrons of destroyers and some cruisers and battleships About 25 or 30 miles to sea the rear gunners reported seeing columns of smoke rising thousands of feet in the air One of our bombardiers strewed incendiary bombs along a quarter of a mile of aircraft factory near Nogoya An other illuminated a tank farm However flying at such low altitudesmade it very difficult to observe the result follow ing the impact of the bombs We could see the strike but our field of vision was greatly restricted by the speed of the plane and the low altitude at which we were flying Even so one of our party observed a ballgame in progress The players and spec tators did not start their run for cover until just as the field passed out of sight Pilots bombardiers and all members of the crew per formed their duties with great calmness and remarkable pre cision It appeared to us that practically every bomb reached the target for which it was intended We would like to have tarried and watchedthe later developments of fire and ex plosion but even so we were fortunate to receive a fairly detailed report from the excited Japanese radio broadcasts It them several hours to calmdown to deception and accusation Huge U S Convoy Docks Safely Over Pontoon e Village on Kharkov Battle Front Russians Report Nazis Throwing All Available Tanks Into Defense By HENRY C CASSIDY MOSCOW cavalry of the red army charging wildly across a pontoon bridge they themselves built under nazi artil lery fire have recaptured a large inhabited locality on the Kharkov front in a spectacular phase of the continuing Russian advance the army paper Red Star reported Tuesday Combining one of the most an cient military with the most modern the Rus sians covered their daring riders with an umbrella of warplanes and followed them up with a rumbling stream of tanks The cavalrymen themselves are supermodernized carrying machiiieguns rifles antitank and antiaircraft cuns as well as the traditional sabers The Germans sent planes speed ing to the defense but lost 17 in this single heavy combat Red Star said The cavalrymen now are pursu ing the Germans who abandoned large quantities of equipment as the fell back the dispatch said The recaptured town was not identified Other dispatches from the Kharkov front key to the en tire southwestern sector said that an immediate red army objective was a highway linking two large towns and that a violent battle was raging just east of this roact The Germans are defending it desperately since they must keep it free for movement of their re serves and supplies said Red Star Every slightest vantage point cast of the road is a knot of German resistance but the de termined Russians arc pushing ahead and already have cracked defenses in one of the most im portant sectors Red army machine gunners who slipped past German pillboxes and has reached 400 and is growing with each hour At first the German lank units acted with great determination Once in a sector of four kilome captured a village were credited with The Germans thus put between two fires were forced to fall back north and southwest said Red J Star and many of them fled into the forest disguised as civilians The Rumanian fourth infantry division supported on both flanks and in the rear by Germans made three costly but futile counterat tacks in one region the account added The Germans are throwing into Kharkov defense every tank available said a front line Red Star correspondent be cause their infantry wavers and falls back under our pres sure Nevertheless he said The num ters two and onehalt miles the Germans put into action three tank columns the first oC 100 ma chines the second about 80 and the third 50 The tanks in the rear pushed ahead of those which were burn ing until they too were forced to halt by our antitank Later the fascist tank units be came less active They now dis play manifest caution and shrink from antitank lire German infantry following each tank column rushes from one side to the other when it falls under our fire The enemys spring Infantry doesnt venture into attack without tanks A considerable part of it consists of green in fantrymen brought from France or mobilized in Germany Many of these troops are lowed into battle in armored trailers be hind the tanks but when the tanks are knocked out the coun terattack is disrupted Red Slar said It credited the Germans with continual attempts nevertheless mentioning one soviet infantry force which beat off 14 successive tankled counterattacks and an other which withstood 16 The Germans asserted that they were repelling massed Rus sian attacks and had destroyed 80 tanks Monday in the Kharkov area and that on the Kerch pen insula destruction of the remain ing Russians was about to be The soviet communique re ported at raidday that Russian forces had continued offensive operations throughout Monday night on the Kharkov front Several more occupied places were said to have been taken by the advancing Russians and the in the rear bulletin announced that the Ger this success mans had lost 1600 dead as well as an unstated number of prison rs In addition it said 300 Germans were killed in one sector and 800 killed and wounded in another where Russian soldiers stemmed nazi counter attacks destroying some tanks damaging 11 others and capturing booty including eight guns and 5000 mines A recapitulation of air combat in the week from May 10 to 16 set nazi losses at almost three to one for the German planes against 112 Russian BRINGS TANKS AND HEAVY GUNS Join British Army to Build Up Offensive in Western Europe By C R CUNNINGHAM WITH THE UNITED STATES NORTHERN IRE LAND thousands of American soldiers filled northern Ireland invasion training stations Tuesday after blasting an unchal lenged path across the submarine infested Atlantic in one of the greatest convoys on record They had come with their own light and medium tanks big guns gun earners jeeps and trucks to join the British army in an in vasion of the Germanheld conti nent under the offensive strategy of the American general staff and they were rarin to go As the great sprawling con voy row on row and line on line of ships of all tonnages moved eastward in the early stages of its voyage a thunder ous salvo of depth bombs told he troops that the United States and British warships accom panying them were command ing Adolf Hitlerjs reptilian U boats to keep their heads down From then on in a voyage much of which was made through thick leaden fog the crossing was quiet and it was said authoritatively was one of the least exciting on record Toward the last great German FockeWulff planes which for months had taken a toll of At lantic shipping made their chal AEF Yank Cuts Rug Members cf the American Expeditionary force in northern Ireland may be far from home but theyve taken their American habits with them Pvt Frank Far netti of West Blockton Ala is pictured above introducing Buzz Johnston a local girl to good Yankee rugcutting troops would be operating against the enemy in the very near fu ber of destroyed German tanks 1 carrier boy Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette lenge according lo unofficial re ports But the troops never saw them British coastal command planss operating hundreds of miles out at sea drove every raider off before it even came in sight of the convoy So effective were the escorting warships that not a submarine showed its periscope and every ship in the convoy arrived safely to hang up a record in size for convoys to northern Ireland in this war and to prod close to the records for Atlantic convoss of all time From ihe sidewalks of New York from the middlcwest from the mountains of Ken tucky and Tennessee from all parts of 3 nation of 135000000 people the troops poured ashore at a northern Ireland port day after daj while dock workers unloaded their supply ships until the disembarkation was completed Monday and the news was released The troops had come to strengthen those already in the British Isles and they had not the slightest doubt that at the time appointed they would join in a united nations offensive on the continent of Europe forming a bridgehead from which united na tions forces with the aid of con quered peoples would start to sweep Hitlers armies back into Germany The landing was a result of the promise of Gen George C Mar shall United States army chief of staff on his visit here a month ago that a steady flow of men and material would be sent to fight lure the war to early victory It lent emphasis aso to Mar shalls statement that American As fast as the men landed they were hustled oft lo their training stations if Equipment was put in opera tion as fast as it was landed The Irish countryside echoed with the tramp of soldier feet the rumble of trucks and the clank of tanks As I write American light and medium tanks fresh from factor ies where the fathers of the troops are working on the home front are going through whitewashed coast al villages the first American tanks in northern Ireland In addition to the armored units there are considerable num bers of mobile antitank guns The first arrivals were led by a 59 year old commander from New Yorka short grayhaired vet eran who came up from the ranks to become a specialist in field artillery The first man ashore from the convoy was Private First Class Marvin H ONeal Philip S Dak a freckled redhaired youlh of 21 who has been in army 15 months He said the girl he left behind was Virginia Peterson 18 who is in school at Philip Shes a beauty ONeal said We are engaged and are going to be married when I get back home On the same ship was Set Christian Nelson Rapid City S Dak who has been in the army so Ion that as he put it landing in a new port is old Stuff to me Many of the men came from the same section of the United States as earlier arrivals South Dakota iowa Minnesota and other middle western states This fact provided the wclcom ng delegations with a new game find someone with an accent other than middle western I remarked to a colonel stand ing nearby that I should like lo near a New York 10th avenue ac cent Tm from 10th avenue said a sergeant who had heard me as he passed He is Edward Collins 637 10th avenue Collins was with Sgt Charles Burns also of New York who drove the first tank from the docks As the troops came ashore they swarmed to a British canteen where they were served black coffee pork and beans and sand wiches Gulping their food they be gan kicking the sea kinks out of their cramped legs Americans already here hur ried lo erect the new arrivals amone whom many found old friends It was like old home week for some of the midwest boys who had played football together and lounged before the small town corner drug stores One of the new arrivals was a police dog who had hardly got ashore before he picked a fight with an Irish dog It was an entirely American show American military guarded the dock area and stopped even British naval offi cers and examined their passes Many without proper credentials were turned away t Nazi Position in Crimea Is Threatened By LOUIS F KEEMLE Of the United Press War Desk The Russian offensive in the Kharkov region appears to have set back Hitlers program for a drive to the Caucasus oil fields for weeks if not longer come trie strong defenses Khar kov is problematical More im portant is the enveloping move ment which extends in an arc roughly 100 miles from Vol chansk on the f n or th e ast to Krasnograd on the southwest The aim is t o immobilize this key point ot German striking power and disrupt the enemys co m municat ions Rather than a frontal attack shenko appears to be attempting to encircle the city and cut off the strong forces gathered there The situation is somewhat sim ilar to that at Staraya Russa far to the north where the IGth Ger man army has been encircled for more than two months Staraya Russa has not fallen but the 16th army is out of action and is not going anywhere The Russian thrust southwest of Kharkov presents a direct threat to the German position in the Crimea The Russians are almost astride Ihc norlhto soulh rail line which leads to the peninsula By cutting it he Russians can interfere seriously with communications lo the German forces there If suffi ciently strong they can drive southwards towards the narrow bottleneck of the Pcrekop isth mus which connects the Crimea with the mainland and isolate the Germans on the peninsula BRIG GEN DOOLITTLE directed raid H1CKENLOOPER KEEMLE Marshal Timo To Give Address at Public Meeting in YMCA Banquet Room B B Hickenlooper candidate for the republican nomination for governor of Iowa will speak at a rally to be held at the banquet room of the Y M C A Friday evening at 8 oclock The meeting will be open to the public At oclock the same eve ning Mr Hickenlooper will give a 15 minute address over KGLO Enroute to Mason City Mr Hickenlooper is scheduled to make addresses and Charles City FLYER REPORTS NEARLY EVERY BOMB HIT MARK Receives Medal From Roosevelt in Surprise White House Ceremony WASHINGTON fP Practi cally evexy bomb which Ameri can flyers showered on Japan pril 18 appeared to have hit its arget the raids eneral James H uesday and he numbered among icse such vital objectives as the avy yard south of Tokio and EH rcratt factory near Nogoya The identity of the leader was disclosed Tuesday in a white muse ceremony at which Presi dent Roosevelt personally dec orated the flyer already famous as Jimmy Doolittle of peace time speed records with the congressional medal of honor To 79 others in the historic foray vent the distinguished service ross One salvo made a direct hit on a new cruiser or battleship under onstruction in the navy yard Doolittle related in a statement and left it in flames The aircraft plant was strewn with incendiary bombs along a quarter of a mile its length he added Japanese planes gave the raid ers little trouble their leader re ported and not much difficulty was encountered in getting to the objectives in the sensational raid which threw Japan into confusion and gave a great lilt to the morale of the united nations aside from inflictingimportant damage Doolittle said part of his party observed a ball game in progress 1 at one point and players and tators did not start to run for cover until just as the field passed from view Bomb Volcano HILO T H bomb ers were called into action to en force the Hawaiian they bombed famed Mauna Loa volcano to halt a twoweeks eruption which made it possible at times to read a newspaper on the wardarkened streets of Kilo 35 miles away The army censor ship permitted disclosure Mon day night that the volcano lava wall GO feet high and half a mile wide finally came to a halt May 13 DESTROY 8 PLANES CAIRO Egypt IP RAF middle cast headquarters reported An encouraging aspect of the Kharkov fighting has been the threeway Russian strength in aircraft artillery and tanks It in dicates that the Russians have made good use of the winter stale mate in the Ukraine to match in striking power the reserves which they knew Hitler was accumulat ing for his main push It is still much too early to ap praise the effect of Timoshenkos bold counterstroke to the German advance in Kerch towards the Caucasus If he succeeds in stop ping the Germans in their tracks or in pushing them back it may prove to be the most important battle of the entire Russian cam paign and point the way towards a decisive turn in the war in 1042 It has already been widely predicted that 1942 will be the decisive year for Hitler Indi cations that this is rue are ra pidly mounting The arrival of a great new AEF In northern Ireland was followed immedi ately by new demands in the house of commons for a Euro pean offensive The government promised an offensive but na turally would not say how soon Iowa Bulk Station 28000 Gallons of Gasoline Destroyed MAPLETON Iowa fire whose smoke clouds were visible 18 miles away Monday evening destroyed a bulk station contain ing 28000 gallons of gasoline here Mapleton and Onawa firemen fought the conflagration which destroyed six storage tanks and threatened to spread to adjoining tank cars Cause of the fire is unknown W J Haubrich owner of the sta tion operates a chain of filling stations in this area The identity of the leader ot the air raid had remained a closely guarded secret Just be fore pinning the congressional medal of honor on Doolittles breast Mr Roosevelt remarked with a jrriii to reporters that not even a columnist had guessed it Besides General George C Marshall chief staff the army Lieut Gen H H Arnold chief of the army air service and Mr Roosevelt no one knew about the decoration until a few mo ments previous And Mr Roose velt said he thought it would be quite a surprise to General Doo little Marshall and Arnold were on hand for the ceremony as was Mrs Doolittle who was flown here from Los Angeles General Marshall read the cita tion for the medal which said Brig Gen James H Doolittle United States army for conspicu ous leadership above and beyond the call of duty involving per sonal valor and intrepidity at an extreme hazard to life With the apparent certainty of being forced to land in enemy territory or to perish at sea General Doolittle personally led a squadron of army bombers manned by volunteer crews in a highly destructive raid on the Japanese mainland Both the president and the war department left unanswered that important question to which the Japanese would like a solution Where was the raiding squadron based if if There was not the slightest hint where the planes took off or where they landed The only information of any sort on that score has come from Russia where one American bomber was forced down in Siberia and interned with its crew Buy war savings bonds and Tuesday eight axis planes were I stamps from your GlobeGazette destroyed over Malta Monday carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Not much change in tem perature Tuesday afternoon through Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Occasional light rain or drizzle central and northeast portion Tuesday af ternoon Cooler north portion Tuesday night with light to heavy frost in north and some scattered light frost in central portions Little temperature change Wednesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 59 Minimum Monday night 16 At 8 a m Tuesday 31 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum S Doolittle a 45 year old veteran of the last World war achieved fame as a speed flyer in the 20s He has received numerous deco rations including guished flying cross for a one stop flight from Florida to California in 1922 in 22 hours and 30 minutes Mrs Doolittle so thrilled 1 cant talk told reporters that when she arrived from Los An geles Tuesday morning and walked into the presidents office she had not the slightest idea her husband would be there or that he was even in tis country Jokingly Mr Roosevelt quipped to those watchingthe ceremony that General Doo liltlc starting from Shangrt La had conducted a little expedi tion which all present had heard about and now was safely back from Shangri La The chief executive immedi ately after the raid had that planes based on Shangri La
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