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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 16, 1942, Mason City, Iowa OP CCMP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME I 0 r C f Y AND ARCHIVES S M 0 I N S A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY 16 1942 THIS PAPErt CONSISTS of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION uimr J v 1 j Aiiii j jujj 1WU arUJlONS O REDS CUT MORE KHARKOV DEFENSES DECLARES VIEW IN NEGOTIATION IS OFFENSIVE But U SIgnores Vichy Chiefs Claim for Island Control VICHY France llR Pierre Laval chief of the Vichy govern ment Saturday formally rejected what he described as United States interference with French sovereignty and demands for transfer of French merchant Ijj shipping in the West Indies Laval said the United States had proposed in negotiations with Martinique officials that French Admiral Georges Rob ert high commissioner of Mar tinique become the supreme authority in the French West Indies and Guina on behalf of France and under the French flag but acting independently of Vichy Laval who returned Saturday from consultation with various authorities in German occupied Paris made public the notes ex changed with Vichy regarding Martinique and other French pos sessions in the western hemis phere While Laval was in Paris one of his French fascist supporters Jacques Doriot came out with a demand for a break in relations K with the United States and Brit Rejects Demands of U 5 on Martinique ain whom he described as the enemies of France that the I French warships at Martinique would not fall into foreign German hands and approved the agreement made at Martinique for thenimmo 1 i 1 i z a t i o n as announced at Washington But he rejected what he said were American demands for turning over merchant ships estimated at 140000 tons in cluding a number of tankers in the West Indies asserting that such action was forbidden by the armistice with Germany ACTION OF LAVAL IS IGNORED BY U S WASHINGTON mted States Saturday ignored the action of French Chief of Gov Pierre Laval in making public his version of this coun trys proposals for neutralization of Martinique and other French West Indian colonies A copy of Lavals note was re ceived at the state department it was learned but it was understood the communication was not addressed to the United otates government It appeared o be more in the nature of in struction to Admiral Georges Rob i French commissioner at Mar inique who has been negotiating rfVlfh 71 Q ti U S representatives The communication does not warrant an answer by this gov ernment it was indicated Speci fic instructions have been sent to He American negotiators and the jonversations are being continued it Martinique A satisfactory agreement with Robert could not be reached un he showed independence from domination If he insisted yn obeying Lavai the United jtates would be expected to take prceful action Opened Abandoned Are Found jjhvENDOVER Utah north ol here Friday night wo of the men had bee nd Saturday morning L pst Chance to Use Ration Stamp No 1 UPJ The of of price administration Satur reminded the American peo that stamp No 1 in war ra books may not be used by isumers in the purchase of 3 affer mMnight Stamps can be accumulated for future use u war savings bonds and rnps from your GlobeGazette boy And Down They Go Marine parachutists leap from a plane during training over the naval air station at Lakehurst N J Note feet of one man lower right who has just dived but of the door way Right behind him another lunges out into space half falling to one knee in the doorwayStill another is ready behind him U S marine corps photofrom Associated EVACUATING OF HOMES STARTS Missouri River Begins Spilling Over Iowa Lowland Near Hamburg NEBRASKA CITY Nebr Residents along the Iowa side of the Missouri river between here and Hamburg Jowa began evacu ating their homes Saturday as the Missouri river began spilling over approximately 199 acres of farm land Only slight flooding occurred on the Nebraska side The river stage was 165 feet here Saturday morning a rise of fourtenths of a foot in the last 24 hours Flood stage is 171 feet A record high of between 18 and ID feet is expected here by Monday and flooding of the 15 mile area between the river and Hamburg is anticipated Livestock was being moved to higher ground but damage from the high waters to the rich Iowa farmland and to homes may be considerable observers said Be cause the Nebraska side is rela tively higher it may escape with only flooding of some lowland spots REDUCE MUNICIPAL CARS DES MOINES coun il has ordered 12 city automobiles aken out of service as a tire con servation measure Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Occasional show ers and rising temperature Sat urday night and Sunday fore noon IOWA Showers in west and cen tral portions slightly warmer except in extreme west portion Saturday night showers and wanner in east occasional rain and little change in west por tion Sunday forenoon MINNESOTA Somewhat warmer in east and south cfioler in ex treme northwest scattered showers in west and north Sat urday night Occasional rain and little change iif tempera ture Sunday forenoon IN MASON CITY ilobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 56 Minimum Friday night 31 At 8 a m Saturday 48 Those who went to the trouble of covering tender plants Friday night find their efforts repaid for frost was recorded YEAR AGO Maximum 79 Minimum 49 Precipitation Trace Selectees Will Get Furlough of 2 Weeks After Being Inducted WASHINGTON army and selective service headquarters Saturday announced plans to grant selectees a two week fur lough immediately after induction to permit their return home at government expense to adjust personal affairs Effective June 15 the new ar rangement replaces the present system 10 day furloughs upon requests and is designed to elim inate any injustices which might occur to men inducted immediate ly following physical examination by the army If found qualified for military duty by army medical men at the induction center a selectee would be transferred to the enlisted re serve corps for a 14day period He thus would be able to return home before he is called to active duty The army said the procedure was adopted to insure that no enlistee will be compelled 1o re sign until he has definite knowl edge that he has been accepted by the army Boxer Dies of Skull Fracture Suffered in San Francisco Match SAN FRANCISCO Marquez 37 Redwood City boxer died Saturday of a skull fracture suffered in a match Friday night emergency hospital authorities re ported Marquez was knocked out by Al Globe of Los Angeles a sub stitute opponent in the eighth and final round of a main event Marquez was to have received for the match Globe got 575 Rationing of Bikes Will Start Soon WASHINGTON ot bicycles will begin in about three weeks Price Administrator Leon Henderson announced Sat u r d a y Approximately 100000 bicycles including war models which do not contain many critical materials were understood to be available for rationing Fireman Is Overcome Fighting Bluffs Blaze COUNCIL BLUFFS man Edward Nelson was over come by smoke Friday night while helping battle a twoalarm blaze that caused some damage at the Nichols Wire and Steel company building Fire chief Waldo Mer rill said the fire ihe cause unde termined slarled in the first floor ceilingover the company office NEW MONSTER TANKS ATTACK KHARKOV NAZIS Report Guerrillas Are Striking Defenses of Germans From Rear By HENRY SHAPIRO MOSCOW Up Picked red army infantrymen borne in monster tanks veritable land bat tleships hurled themselves against the weakening German defenses before Kharkov Saturday on a front of 40 miles or more with their main pressure toward tho southern end of the line K X zg Guerrillas charging out on German defenses from their fastnesses were striking against the enemy rear in a new threat and dispatches indicated that parachutists massed in the fighting zone might he thrown into the battle at any moment lo help in reducing he thou sands of strong points in the German hedgehog defense sys tem There were reports also uncon firmed here that the intrepid gar rison of Sevastopol their spirit undimmed after months of blazing attack had struck out in an at tack of their own possibly a re lieving movementto aid the pen insular forces Russias noon communique re porting stubborn fighting in th peninsula said the Russian offen sive at Khadkovcontinued in this its fourth day The communique asserted tiiit the Russians driving through defenses if had afcen the Ger mans painful months to build in the limbfreezing winter were towns and vil lages and inflicting tremendous losses on the tiring enemy Sf In the Kharkov battle United States threeturreted medium tanks bristling with cannon were aiding the Russian tank corps in backing up the land battleships and dispatches said the American machines were giving a splendid account of themselves The great new tanks ripping far into the German lines carry ing shock troops were newlv de veloped machines of Voroshilov type Official dispatches said they were blasting n trail of death through on everwidening breach in the German defenses in what was becoming one of the great battles of the German Russian Dispatches said Russian morale was sky high and that the red army men were ad Burma Army Still Fighting By The Associated Press Countering Fridays reports that the last weary remnants of the Brilisi army in Burma had re treated into India British mili tary quarters said Saturday that British troops had made contact with Japanese forces driving up the Chindwin river valley north of Shwegyin has been no general withdrawal into India these quarters said indicating thnt Gen Harold Alexander stili kept some forces in Burma to check the Japanese onslaught toward India Chungking reports said the Japanese striking up the Burma road into China were still 35 miles from Paoshan which is 125 miles from the Burma frontier The central Chinese news agen cy said more than 4000 Japanese troops had been killed and wound ed in Yunnan in the past week ALLIED BOMBERS BLAST NIPPON BASE AT LAE In the battle of Australia Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquar ters reported that allied bombers catching the Japanese off guard heavily blasted the enemy air base at Lae New Guinea and left big fires blazing Other allied planes twice raided the Japanese base at Rabaul New BIG PLANE PLANT IS Fords New Willow Run Factory Starts Turning Out Bombers WASHINGTON de partment officials salcl Saturday Henry Fords new Willow Run plane factory had started actual production of bombers for the army Maj Gen Alexander D Slides public relations director limited the announcement to tho bare fact that the plant started some 13 months ago was in actual production rancinc untiringly cheered by each mile of Russian territory they freed V It was emphasized that while last summer the Germans were fighting men who thought of this as an ordinary war they now faced men who were blazing with hatred in memory of families slaughtered and homes wantonly burned and that the Russians were attacking mercilessly BROWDER TERM IS COMMUTED BY ROOSEVELT Declares Sentence Given Communist Was of Unusual Length WASHINGTON Roosevelt Saturday commuted the buUetif sentence of Earl Browder com f Setba9ks to attacking red munist party leader who lins where it party leader who has g of a fouryear sentence for pass port fraud The former general secretary of the communist party in the United States will be released from ihe Atlanta penitentiary as soon as proper arrangements can be made In Atlanta prison officials in dicated Browder would be re leased Saturday but declined to give any further informalion Browder paid fines of at the time of his sentence and was committed to prison on March 27 1941 The sentence imposed upon him said a white house state ment was longer than the usual sentence imposed for offenses in volving the fraudulent obtaining and use of passports The statement added that the president believed that the prin ciple of obedience to law has been sufficiently vindicated by the punishment already suffered IJtwjasgaidthat commutation to the term already served coming as it does shortly before Browde becomes eligible for parole woult have a tendency to promote na tional unity and allay any feeling which may exist in some minds that the unusually long sentence in Browders case was by way os penalty imposed upon him because of his political views f Fellow communists began working for Browders release the day tic was sentenced and their campaign has been espe cially active in recent weeks Contending that Browders re lease would be a demonstration of national unity newspaper adver tisements published in his be half have emphasized the argu ment that he was an able fighter of fascism These advertisements urged readers to write President Roosevelt asking his release A justice department official recalling that Browder lost his civil rights through his conviction said that the communist leader now must wait four years and then make application to the par don attorney in the department for restoration of those rights Flames on the Burma Front Nazis Claim City Port of Kerch Taken BERLIN From German Broad forces beating down stubborn resistance pene trated Kerch Friday and now hold 30th the town and harbor the Ger man high command declared Sat urday The communiquc said the Rus sians still were attacking on the Kharkov front but there it de clared they were repelled In hard fighting and German counter attacks were successful Up to now it added the Rus sians have lost 180 tanks In tho far north also the war difficult fighting in and on the Murmansk front where it said the Russians had lost 8000 lead and much material between April 2G andMay 13 in frustrated outflanking attempts In Kola bay of ihe Russian far north the German air force was said to have destroyed one trans port and damaged a merchant ship The high command covered the Kerch action in two com muniques the regular general report and an earlier special an nouncement The importance of the town lay in its position as a possible stepping stone toward invasion of the Caucasus just across narrow Kerch strait The text of the special com munique overcoming slubbom re sistance German troops Friday penetrated into Kerch The town and harbor ave in German hands The Russians who have con ceded making two withdrawal since the German drive on Kerch began May 8 gave no hint that the city had been occupiedThe sovie communique Saturday merely re pealed that stubborn fighting on the Kerch front had persisted through Friday night BULLETINS LONDON The Paris radio heard here quoted a Stefani message from Shanghai Saturday saying a new Japanese fleet more important than that engaged in the Coral sea battle is enroute toward northern Aus tralia LONDON ff A Stockholm dispatch relayed in turn by the Vichy French news agency and Reuters said Saturday that the red army flanking Kharkov to the south had breached the Ger man defenses at Lozovaya in a irive to cut German communica tions with the entire front south of that point BERLIN From German The German high command declared Salur day night in a special statement that the battle of Kerch has been brought to a victorious conclusion W LONDON WPThe German controlled Paris radio said Satur day night that the Germans and Rumanians had taken 50000 Rus sian prisoners on the Kerch penin sula but that Russian units re mained between Parpatsch at the neck of the isthmus and the town of Kerch The necessity of mop ing these up the broadcast said lad slowed down axis operations Petticoat Army to Be Allowed to Don Makeup Nail Polish WASHINGTON iveta Gulp Hobby attractive commander of the nations first petticoat WAAC said Saturday that its members vill be allowed to don makeup and nail polish but she sidestepped he question of dates with army a press conference immedi ately after being sworn in by Sec of War Henry L Stimson he told reporters that WAAC members will be punished for in ractions of regulations but won lave to serve time in the suard house WAACs are going to be as igncd to 62 different kinds obs salute like soldiers and AC of go uwimiin IhlS country or said Only officers will bo trained at he outset The first officers train ng class composed of 450 core ully selected candidates will be tnvata ncwlv established school icpt 15 Training will start at the ame post lor the privates DECLARE NAZIS BEING CRUSHED IN FIERCE FIGHT Report Germans Try Counter Attacks With Tanks and Airplanes MOSCOW red armys power drive on Kharkov wasre ported Saturday to be crushing stubborn German resistance in one after another of the strongly de fended communities on the out skirts of that Ukranian industrial enter pivot of Hitlers invasion of southern Russia Unconfirmed advices reaching ondon said that shock troops hail racked the inner defense line oi Kharkov itself in two points and had battled their way into the northeastern suburbs of the town vhile a wide flanking action 70 Tiiles south of Kharkov threat ened the communications network or the whole of the enemys iouthern front The Germans were putting un a desperate fight for Kharkov counterattacking with tanks brought from the city and with air support in certain sectors and benefittingr at the same time by rain and mud The British radio said that within the past 36 hours rain and floods have been added to the obstacles in the way of the Rus sians but the soviet sappers working 2i hours on end are said to be rapidly restoring roads bridges and advanced airfields Recapture of Kharkov or suc cess of the flanking drive to the south of the city may nullify Ger man gains on the Kerch peninsula of the Crimea and possibly would force the Germans to swing their lineback west from the Taganrog Anchor on the sea of Azov The German high command declared Saturday that the har bor and town of Kerch potential jumpoff point against the Cau casus now are in German hands and acknowledged that the red army still was attacking in tlio Kharkov area The Russian communique said Saturday that stubborn battles continued on the Kerch penin sula V V V The Moscow radio declared that marshal Semeon Timo slienfcos Ukraine offensive provides a symbol of the crowing military might of lite Russians which they count on for the complete defeat of Hit ler in 1012 It called the com ing months the most crucial for all mankind The main German resistance Before Kharkov was reported by the red army newspaper Hed Star to center on towns and vil lages which had been converted into powerful points The Germans employed the same tactics they used during tho nearby units to the aid of any garrison attacked but retreating as soon as encir clement threatened When thus forced to retreat the Germans struggled to maintain order in their ranks and lo material An order to the 610th German infantry regiment falling nto Russian hands illustrated the German tactics It prescribed withdrawal by night from the cast bank of a river presumably the The troops were instructed to form a new defense line 500 to 1000 yards west of the river carrying their arms and munitions with them and destroying bridges and blowing up any material which could not be moved Red Star said this unit pressed so hard that its rearguard was captured while the rest of the regiment was unable to establish the new line Unconfirmed d i s p a t c h e s to London said that Kharkov re ported seat of Field Marshal Geil eral Fedor von Bocks southern command was the focus of a drive now 70 miles wide with the Russians pouring across the Donets river between Belgorod and Zmicv The army newspaper Red Star said the German high command lad planned to launch a spring of onsive of iis own on the Kharkov vont and was sending consider able reserve forces to the most menaced points for local counter attacks These it said had tailed o achieve the expected effect The soviet information bureau announced that our troops de troyed 255 guns damaged more han 2oO tanks and brought down 0 enemy planes and the Khar kov offensive was declared to be leveloping irresistibly A Kharkov front correspondent armored forces had left one field
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