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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 15, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPART VENT I T C 5 V A fj frf 3 ftr OF VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PnESS wgrg MgSSFUtL IXASED THE NEWSPAPER THAT MARK ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 15 1942 THIS PAPEH CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE J 4 OfcC SECTION ONE NO 185 REDS PIERCE KHARKOV INNER FRONT Af W Drops Rate Increase at OPA Tloops nnnncmnu Claim Kerch OPPOSITION TO BOOST STARTED IN MASON CITY Jacobson Claimed Mov Defeated Price Control Program of Governmen In response to the request th of Price Administration an with the desire to cooperate wit the national effort to prevent in ilation the Northwestern Be Telephone company has with drawn the 15 per cent surcharg on telephone rates In Iowa effec live May ID it was announce Friday by E T Olson Mason Cit manager In response to the request of OPA and with a desire to co operate fully with the national effort to prevent inflation a formal statement said we have withdrawn the 15 per cent sur charge on telephone rates in loua effective May 15 Tne rate increase which arousei 9a deluge of controversy when i was put into effect April 10 ap SJ plied to both intvastate long dis glance tolls and to local telephoni except in a few bordc where exchanges serve mon jthan one state and so come undc communications commis iSision control Many individuals and organiza rlions sent protests to the OPA am Jthe war production board and a Wleast onecourt suit was started t the stir Opposition to the rate increase which has swept the state the past month originated in Mason City On the morning of April 7 an hour after the company announce ment of the increase Phil Jacob son secretary of the Iowa Retai Hardware association wired Leon Henderson of the office of price administration with the argumen that the proposal was defeating the price control program of the government Immediately upon hearing of the telephone company decision to rescind the surcharge at the re quest of the office of price ad ministration Mr Jacobson vired Mr Henderson We express our appreciation for action canceling the tele phone rate increase in order to make price control an over all coverage That has been my theme song all along on this said Mr Jacob son The only way to control 1 prices is to control them that is contro all of them 1 I have a whole bag full of cor 1 respondence and telegrams on the I subject he said 1 I Gov George A Wilson declar 1 ing the increase is not justified I at this time asked Attorney Gen I era John M Rankin to invest I gate the rate boost Rankins re Iport had not yet been made I Secretary of State Earl G Mil ller had demanded that a special I session of the legislature be called Provide regulation of the utility INo state body regulates telephone under Present Iowa laws Telephone company officials de timed generally to amplify the brief statement or to discuss de pails of how the change will be el pccted i v Askd refunds would I be made on the 15 per cent rate Jincrease o lelephone users who Shave paid their bills C T I Young Des Moines district man lager said he ivas unable o an TSwer i We are as curious as you about pme of these things he com iiented but we do not have the pswers yet i Another official explained the KISJonhad been reached details were to be worked out The language of the formal Jnnouncemcnt indicated the in would stand for the pe aiof April 10 to May 15 i the OPA and WPB had had no authority over rates of the Iowa company an asked Northwestern ju officials to come to Washing s a discussion of the ques ts No announcement had been fide in Washington of any re by OPA for withdrawal of Je increase feme oven at Early Birds Get the Fish Axis Sub Sinks Mexican Tanker 13 ON LIGHTED 35 Nipponese Planes Make BOAT KILLED Mexicos Efforts lo Preserve Neutrality Strained by Attack MIAMI Fla ef forts to preserve neutrality in the iresent war were strained Friday after an axis submarine stalked at night a fullylighted oil tanker and sent a torpedo crashing into the illuminated Mexican Hag painted on her side Thirteen men died including the captain and deck officers who had gathered on die bridffc when the undersea boat was sijrhtcc Twentytwo men dived into the sea and reached safety W if The ship the 7500ton Portrero Del Llano became an inferno Thousands of persons gathered on he sands of Miami Beach after he torpedoing Wednesday night and for hours watched the flames nd towering pillar of smoke from he tanker before it sank In Mexico City the government ddressed a note to Germany taly and Japan last Thursday light demanding complete satis action and a guarantee of dam ge reparations by May 21 breatening otherwise to take a osition in accordance with Mexi an honor There were calls for a dec laration of war on the axis Foreign Minister Ezcquiel Pa dilla called the sinking an out rage lo the Mexican fiajr It was the first Mexican ship to be lost in this war The nations naval ministry had ttempted to avoid such attacks by rdering all Mexican ships to eep lights burning at night and he flag flying by day Eduardo Sibaja y Ramirez of era Gruz province a quarter master on the torpedoed tanker aid every light was ablaze and our spotlights shone on the flags ainled on each side of the ship We were a neutral ship fully marked as a neutral but with uch an enemy there is no such ung as neutrality he declared hrough an interpreter Buy war savings and tamps from your GlobeGazette arncr boy 2 Attacks on Port Moresby Increase in LandBased Jap Plane Strength Is Observed in Raids ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Australia notable in crease in Japanese landbased air strength on New Guinea and new Britain was indicated Friday with disclosure Uiat 35 planes partici pated in one or two raids on Port Moresby Thursday and that allied attacks on the Japanese bases were meeting considerably strong er opposition The raids on Port Moresby first by 13 fighter planes and then by 26 bombers and nine fighters were declared to have hit not 1 single worthwhile objective but the large number of planes taken as an indication Japanese were willing to pay a high price to prevent use of that southern New Guinea city as an allied air base Two of their fighters were shot down in flames and they lost seven others out of a flight of 17 which rose to try to in tercept longranfc allied bomb ers hammering shipping in the harbor of Rabaul New Guinea All the allied planes returned safely after damagingat least one transport Another formation of allied bombers simultaneously attacked the Japanese seaplane base in the Deboyne Island group in the Lou isiade Archipelago off the south east tip of New Guinea sinking an enemy seaplane and setting fire to snore installations headquarters said The strength of the opposition encountered by the allied planes over Rabaul was interpreted by observers as a tribute to the ef fectiveness of previous attacks upon that target f These quarters said ft was evident the Japanese felt called upon to take stern measures in an effort to break up repeated allied attacks which apparently were making Rahaul too hot for comfort Only Wednesday allied raiders urpnscd 15 Japanese bombers on he runway of the fiabaul air drome plastered them with bombs then attacked shipping in the harbor without being engaged by enemy figtiters The Deboyne island cluster of three islets in a coral girt last attacked by allied air raiders on Monday when a tanker seaplanes stores and buildings were reported dam aged The same area was hammered for five successive days the pre ceding week when the battle of the neighboring Coral sea was at its height The Louisiade archipelago of which the Deboyne group is a part stretches for nearly 300 miles athwart the northeasterly ap proaches to the Australian coast and offers scores of hiding places tor seaplane tenders and other craft The islands are thinly popu lated by natives virtually all the white consist ed mostly of gold been evacuated three months ago Man Is Accused of Setting Forest Fires in East Plamficld accused of setting a at morc than Lacasse a railroad section fore man was held at headquarters of the Rhode Island state police The w a r r a n t Commissioner Hickey said will contain four counts of arson He added there was no evidence of sabotage in the fire Lacassc he said seemed to be a pyromaniac More Planes pi AIM 7 Gates Reached ATO Noorlorl ULHIIH L BroM Are Needed F R Declares WARSHIPS SUNK IN FAR NORTH WASHINGTON that more transport planes are needed President Roosevelt tok a press conference Friday tha we are getting into actual fighting more and more and at more placet all the time The chief executive spoke o increased American fighting ji various parts of the world during a discussion of his order per mitting the war department to take over control of all the plane of commercial air lines We need all the planes we can get he said Every kind is beirjo taken over he added including what lie termed puddle jumpers and oneor twoman ships He asserted that almost anything tha can fly is useful to the govern ment The president did not elaborate on what new fronts Americai men might be fighting soon Noi did he care to answer a question as to whether American troops had taken part in the British oc cupation of tjie French island of Madagascar neaistrategic united nations supply lines in the Indiai ocean TEXAS WOMAN TO HEAD WAAC Officers for Womens Army Auxiliary Corps to Train in Des Moines WASHINGTON Wil liam P Hobby of Houston Tex Friday was appointed director o the womens army auxiliary corps by Secretary of War Stimsoii as President Roosevelt directed that the new organization be limitec to 25000 members now The president signed the legisla tion passed this week by congress authorizing a corps of up to 150 000 women volunteers for noncom batant service He simultaneously issued ah ex ecutive order directing that as a first step toward its organization units not to exceed 100 in number be established and that the en rollment be no more than 25000 Secretary Stimson said that lo cal recruiting offices now being set up would be ready to receive applications for the first officers training school to be located at Fort Des Moines Iowa in aboul two weeks The school probably will open in about two months General recruiting for members of the WAAC will not begin for about three months Stimson said and after that all officers candi dates will be selected from c listed personnel Mrs Hobby who organized the womens interests section of the war departments public relations Bureau and has been its chief for nearly n year formerly was a Texas newspaper executive writer and civic worker Her bus land a former governor of s publisher of the Houston Post The women volunteers will be used lo replace enlisted men now assigned to such duties as typists telephone operators clerksand laboratory technicians lowan Fined for Holding Sack ARNOLDS PARK Cronk of Armstrong was fined PUTNAM Conn UR state and costs here for holding th Police Commissioner Edward J 1 s vn State conservation officers iy Hedrick John Canoil also Armstrong was catching bull vith a dip net contrary law and placing them in a sack held by Cronk Carrolls fine was IOWA SOLDIER DIES CHEYENNE Wyo Vilham R Firman 32 of Newton owa who was taken ill while vatching a boxing match died mexpectedly at Fort Francis E Warren here Wednesday night Britt Plans Patriotic Day in Place of Hobo Convention traditional ac claim of the happygolucky hobo will be suspended at the towns annual celebration this year when a patriotic day will be held to pay tribute to the boys who are in the army and the navy King Ben Hobo Benson will i hold the hobo crown another year according to announcement of the executive committee of the hobo fellowship of America It is planned to resume the annual Hobo convention at Britt next year when King Ben will be called upon to defend his crown against all comers Communique May Be Effort to Find Out U S Ship Locations BERLIN From Go Im an German high command announced Friday tnat its air force flung into battle on the Arctic supply line to Rus sia had destroyed a United States cruiser and destroyer as well as i 3COO ton icebreaker and a 2 000 merchant vessel The special communique snu also that a 10000 ton freighter was set afiie from stem to stern in a connected action while at a southern English port bombers de stroyed four British merchant ships totaling 7500 tons The communique said the cruiser was of the 9100 ton Pensa cola class which normally carries 663 men and identified the naval formation as an American Squad ron operating between the north cape of Norway and the Arctic is land of Spitsbergen The locale of tiie apart from the German claims winch might have been drawn lo gain information of disposi tion of Uniled Slates naval the firsl indication that American fleet units were operatingso deeply on the sup ply route to Murmansk and Archangel The communique gave no de tails DNB the news agency however said that Hie cruiser was bombed on Thursday took fire and sank at midnight Friday One of several accompany mg destroyers was hit and sunk the agency reported DNB said that the ice breaker and the 2000 ton merchant vessel were bombed in a fjord it Spits bergen whereas the high com mand gave no locale might be taken to sug gest some move pivoting on the large Norwegian island 400 miles off northernlost Norway which Canadian British and Norwegian shock troops raided last Septem ber in an errand of destruction against valuable conl mines and removal of several hundred nnti nazi miners and their families Only last month reports cir culatingin Scandanavia and reaching txmdon said the Ger mans had landed forces there Spitsbergen itas not under Ger man occupation when the allies raided Commenting on the April report the London Daily bkctch said the information should be treated with re serve The island has no strategic im portance the Sketch said It is likely hat the nazis arc trying to Mire another British expedition there with the object of allackin it at sea 2 REASONS TO CLOSE SEBRING Fla found this sign on tile ciooi of Anvil Muffs bakery Friday Closed for one week to conserve sugar and also to catch up on our fishing German high command asserted Friday that Russian resistance on the heights before Kerch in the Crimea has been broken and that German and Rumanian columns are at the gates of the town The communique said fighting was continuing in the region of Kharkov great industrial center of the Donets valley In Hie Crimea German and Rumanian pursuit columns are at the gates of Kerch after hav ine broken eaems resistance on the heights before the town flic communique sail V V X Fighting continues in the re gion of Kharkov In the course of this fighting 145 enemy tanks have been destroyed so far Strong formations of German bombers and fighters smashed tank concentrations artillery po sitions and supply columns The Berlin radio referred to the Kharkov fighting as a defensive struggle and raised the number of Russian tanks reported de stroyed in that area to M5 in cluding many of the most upto date construction The high command also re corded several days fighting in Ihc Volkhovo region some 75 miles southeast of Leningrad where it said an enemy group uas encircled and annihilated by German anny detachments and iiS detachment The German communique Kaid the Soviets lost 3500 men killed ami 1000 prisoners It said six lanks ii9 mine throwers 0 machine guns and much other war material were captured German ami Hungarian troops cooperating with police delachmciits attacked and wiped out several strongly armed soviet hands in the rear of an undisclosed sector the ac count added A soviet attempt to land forces on the Arctic coast ivas reported smashed V The communique said n naval brigade which landed on the far north coast was driven off across the sea despite heavy snowstorms in n battle lasting several days The Russians were said to have left more than 2000 dead and a large number of light and heavy arms J Tiie report fnjd ili enemy planes WCIE destroyed Friday on the Russian front REPORT SOVIET FORCE 7 MILES BEYOND DONETS London Diplomats Hear Hitler Urges Japan to Attack Russia By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor With Americanmade tanks blazing the way Russias armies were reported to have crashed through the inner defenses of Kharkov in at least two places Friday after sweeping seven miles beyond the Donets river nnd smashing more than 150 Ger man tanks in two days London diplomatic quarters said they heard Adolf Hitler was so stunned by the unex pected power of the soviet of fensive hut he hail instructed his ambassador lo Toltio to in crease pressure an Japan for an attack against Russia f A British broadcast said Hit lers crack field marshal Fcdor von Bock who almost took Moscow in the nazi offensive last year had been put in command of Kharkovs defense The broadcast said thai during the past 24 hours Gen Bock had tappet bis reserves heavily in a futile attempt to stem the soviet drive against Kharkov Russias Pittsburgh in the Ukraine NAZI COUNTERATTACKS ARE BRUSHED ASIDE MOSCOW red army drove ahead against Kharkov Fri day recapturing a number of nearby communities and forcing the Germans into retreat after brushing aside counterattacks in which the nazis vainly threw in their reserves front line dis patches reported Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued con with scattered frost Friday night rising temperature Satur day afternoon IOWA Continued cool Friday night scattered frost in east portion rising temperature Sat urday forenoon MINNESOTA Not entile so cool north and west Little change hi temperature southeast Friday niaht Not much change in tem perature Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette wealhcr statistic Maximum Thursday 53 Minimum Thursday night At R a m Friday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum gj Minimum en Reds Aim at Kharkov rm w rCGS drive toward Kerch RuMian troops under the personal IcadcMhin of Marsha Semeon Timoshcnko launched ono of Uei Despite bad weather which hampered tank and ncriat op erations the Russians deepened their penetration of Die nazi po sitions and advanced over roads littered with hundreds of Ger man bodies and many smashed tanks nnd cannon said Kcd Slar official army paper V it described the whole con tinuing operation another heavy defeat for tiie Germans who have held the important Uk rainian steel city since October Stubborn fighting continued J80 miles to the south on the Kerch peninsula where a German thrust has twice forced the Rus sians back All soviet accounts emphasized the gigantic nature of Marshal Semeon Timoshcnkos Kharkov offensive A major tank combat took place m one sector with a largo number of tanks participating on both sides said Red Star Forcing a water harrier our lanlts by a powerful lirust split he enemys concentration of troops anil drove a wedge inln liis defenses Then our infantry movni into the breach and consolidalcd the occupied positions T More than 20 wrecked Gcininn tanks ivere found at a single point tne Russian accounts said Apparently referring to the same action other reports said the red army was operating on the west bank of a large river which it had crossed earlier while the stream still was icecoated The Germans blew up all bridges But the Russians threw up new ones and poured across during a storm of German aerial bombs Then they fanned out on the western shore The first line of German de fenses which the Russians said was captured two days ago was described as a vast zone of pill boxes antilank obstacles mine fields and fortified farmhouses rovcrinz every open space with a heavy crossfire of artillery But the red artillery pounded caps m the series of fortifications then the tanks rolled forward and the infantry charged to clean up the positions with flashing bay onets In London a Reuters dispatch from the German frontier said the Russians had pushed seven miles west of the Donets river ap parently the stream the Russian accounts failed to identify The Germans still are retiring slowly while awaiting reinforce ments this dispatch said this would place the red army about miles rom the center of Khar The Russians said Hicy held air inioativc on hc southwestern front having destroyed 23 Ger man planes ii that area on Wed
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