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Mason City Globe Gazette: Thursday, May 7, 1942 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 7, 1942, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OES MOINES HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 7 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 178 BRITISH TAKE DIEGO SUAREZ 11574 From Manila Bay Forts Believed Prisoners BASE ESTIMATE ON REPORTS TO U S APRIL 15 Wainwright Presumably Among Those Captured Patterson Declares WASHINGTON war department announced Thursday that approximately 11574 soldiers sailors marines and civilians pre sumably were captured by the Japanese on Corregidor and the other Manila bay forts The estimate was based on re ports received up to April 15 a communique said and did not take into consideration casualties which might have been suffered in the last three weeks The total Included 2275 naval personnel 1570 marines 3734 American soldiers 1280 Philip pine scouts 1146 soldiers of the Philippine commonwealth army and 1269 casuals including civilians and individuals not otherwise classified The communique was issued at a press conference by the under secretary of war Robert P Pat terson who said that Lieut Gen Jonathan M Wainwright com manding the AmericanFilipino forces presumably was among those captured The text of the communique Nor 219 of the war 1 Philippine theater The soiauTrs Sailors marines and civilians on Corregi dor and the other fortified islands in Manila bay at the time of their capture by the Japanese is esti mated to be approximately 11574 This estimate is based on reports received up to April 14 1942 and does not take into consideration casualties which may have been suffered since that time This number includes 2275 naval per sonnel 1570 marines 3734 American soldiers 1280 Philip pine scouts 1446 soldiers of the Philippines commonwealth army and 1269 casuals including civil ians and individuals not otherwise classified The ioll owing organizations comprised the garrisons of the harbor defenses HQ U S forces in Phillipines 290 HQ Philippine department 28 HQ and HQ battery har bor defenses of Manila and Subic bays 241 59th coast artillery 1220 60th coast artillery anti aircraft 1704 803rd engineer battalion aviation 153 724th ordnance company air base 52 693rd ordnance company 46 91st coast artillery PS 793 92nd coast artillery PS 487 Navy personnel 2275 4th marines 1570 1st coast artillery PA siO 2nd coast artillery PA 208 Philippine army air corps 728 1269 LAST CHANCE TO GET SUGAR STAMPS FOR TWO WEEKS Thursday was the last day for registering at elementary schools for war ration book No 1 Those who do not make their applica tions now will be forced to wait two weeks before they can go be fore a rationing board and apply for the stamps to buy sugar offi cials said In Mason City regis tration places in the elementary schools will close at 8 p m In Clear Lake the deadline is 9 p m and m towns and rural areas of Cerro Gordo county 6 p m Casuals TOTAL Says Autoists Should End Sunday Trips WASHINGTON retary Robert P Patterson of the war department said Thursday that the rubber shortage was so acute that the time had come to stop Sunday trips visits to cousin Joe and petting parties At a press conference Fatter son predicted that the need for conserving a million tons of rubber now rolling on the high ways would demand curtail ment of sports events Patterson said present govern ment plans contemplated volun tary purchase of extra tires held by the public but not the re quisitioning of the fifth or spare tire on a private motor car As for vacations Patterson said fhe forthcoming rationing gaso line would goa long way1 toward taking care of that question There is no question of the seriousness of our present rubber situation if present driving habits continue Patterson said Waste ful practices of the past must soon become only a memory The time may come when some workers in war plants will have to have the benefit of tires now in use on private cars Patterson and six other gov ernment officials Wednesday told the senate military affairs com mittee that legislation to autho rize government requisition of automobiles tires or parts should be enacted speedily The committee will consider the measure Saturday The undersecretary noted that 9B per cent of the nations normal supplies of crude rubber came from the far east and were now cut off He said that while we have a substantial stockpile mili tary requirements had risen steadily as the scope of the con flict broadened A synthetic rubber program is well under way Patterson said but no one can predict with any assurance when substantial sup plies of synthetic rubber will be available Prospects are there will be suf ficient rubber for army navv war workers and all essential ci vilian purposes provided adequate measures are taken to conserve the rubber now rolling on the highways 11574 No communication has been received from the Philippines by the war department since early in the morning of May 6 It is presumed that all persons on the four fortified islands are now prisoners of war The Japanesegovernment has announced that it intends to fol low the provisions of the Geneva convention in its treatment of prisoners of warThis conven tion provides for exchange of lists of prisoners of war As soon as any list of prisoners is received from Japan through neutral countries or through the Inter national Red Cross it will be made public by the war depart ment 2 There is nothing to report from other areas BRITISH 10000 TON CRUISER IS LOST IN NORTH Sinking of 4 Cargo Ships in Running Fight Is Also Revealed LONDON loss of the 10000 ton cruiser Edinburgh and four convoyed merchantmen in a running sea fight along the storm tossed Arctic supply lane to soviet Russia was announced Thursday by the admiralty which declared that 90 per cent of the convoy cargoes got through safely despite plane warship and Uboat at tacks The attacks severest from April 30 through May 2 cost the Germans one destroyer sunk another damaged severely at least two dive bombers de stroyed and others perhaps crip pled the admiralty said Two British convoys were tar gets of the air sea and undersea assaults One laden with war supplies was said to have got through 90 per cent intact with a loss of three ships The other headed home lost one ship in bal last The admiralty said the Edin burgh completed in 1939 was struck twice by torpedoes and later had to be sunk by our own forces as towing was no logger practicable in the weather condi tions prevailing The fight apparently was the same reported three days ago by the German liigli command which said a 10000ton British cruiser had been sunk This German version said six con voyed ships totaling 37000 tons also were sent to ihe bottom in a furious running battle which lasted for several days The Germans admitted the loss of five planes and said one de stroyer suffered serious damage URGES LOWER TAX EXEMPTIONS Morgenthau Asks Be Limit for Single Persons in New Plan WASHINGTON ot the Treasury Morgenthau told tie house and means com mittee Thursday that the time has now come to lower personal exemptions under the individual income tax lo for single per sons for married couples and for each dependent Chairman Doughton D N Car of the committee made pub lic a letter in which Morgenthau said the reductions would produce about of which Triplet Pair Join Navy Triplets Joe Anne and Bill Ryder left to IS of Chicago had a last huddle together after the two youths were sworn into the navy as second class seamen I sup pose Ill get along said Anne Im getting married next whointendsto jointhe PROVIDE SIAPS ON TABLES CLEVELAND For the Jap Spearhead Dashes Into China and Reaches Chef ang Drive Is Made So Fast Chinese Have No Chance to Destroy Highway benefit of armchair strategists papar table covers bearing war zone maps soon will be used in several Cleveland restaurants This will save laundry bills and linen cloths now being penciled by table generals Bullitt Demonstrates Exercises Is Injured SEATTLE Am bassador William Bullitt arriv ing with Navy Secretary Frank Knox limped when he stepped from the airplane He pulled a tendon while demonstrating calis thenics to the secretary friends said Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Rising tempera ture Thursday afternoon rather cool Thursday night warmer Friday afternoon IOWA Somewhat warmer Thurs day afternoon but rather cool Thursday night warmer Fri day forenoon MINNESOTA Not much change in temperature Thursday night but somewhat warmer Friday forenoon and south portion Thursday afternoon IN MASON CITS GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 52 Minimum Wednesday night 33 At 8 a m Thursday 52 Heavy frost was recorded early Thursday YEAR AGO Maximum 76 Minimum 47 Precipitation 10 would come from 6900000 new taxpayers The letter said that this new increase would be over and above the he asked con gress to raise from individuals as part of an overall tax program Present exemptions are for single persons for married couples and for dependents Last year the 7000000 indi viduals who paid income taxes paid 55000000000 Under any of various plans that have been pre sented they would pay much more hereafter but some com mitteemen have said there was a strong possibility that some of Morgenthaus steep surtax rate increases would be pared down JAPS OCCUPY ISLAND FORTS TOKIO From Japanese Broad headquar ters announced Thursday that Japanese forces had completed oc cupation of Corregidor and other fortified islands in Manila bay by 8 a m Thursday Tokio time 6 p m Wednesday CWT Japanese dispatches said Lieut Gen Jonathan M Wainwright and his staff surrendered to the I Japanese on Malinta Hill central 1 point on the fortified island CHUNGKING Japanese mechanized spearhead with war plane support has swept 25 miles along the famed Burma road into Chinese territory and reached the town Chefang where heavy fighting is in progress a Chinese army spokesman said Thursday The spokesman said it was not clear how far the Japanese intended to penetrate Yunnan province which contains the Chinese section of the Burma road but the lighting drive to Chefang so rapid the Chinese had no time to destroy the high way raised speculation as to the prospects of a major offen sive with Ctrangklng the capi tal as the objective Enroute the Japanese completed occupation of Wanting Chinese customs station at the Burma border at which the new Japa nese invasion of China began two days ago For some weeks close students of Japans intentions have sug gested that her next major move might be a campaign to knock free China out of the war This might take the form of a drive north eastward through Yunan toward Chungking synchronized with other attacks from the old China fronts in Shansi Honan and Hu peh provinces northeast and east of Chiang KaiSheks capital In ToUio the Domei agency quoted officials as declaring that the chief objective of the Burma campaign had been practically at tained with the entry into Yunnan and occupation of Akyab on the Burma west coast This suggests that a major Japanese purpose was not merely to close the Burma road to American and British aic to China but to use it as an avenue of invasion The Chinese spokesman sait fighting continued in southern Hunan province where the Japa nese launched a series of attaacks from Sinyang 150 miles north o Hankow late last month He insisted however that these operations were minor the Japanese intention appar ently being to give fresh troops battle practice and to forage for supplies When the Honan at tacks began it was suggested that they intent develop into a hi westward push toward Chungking The spokesman expressed doub that the Japanese would be able t complete their occupation of Bur ma and insisted that if they at tempted a major invasion o hina from that direction they ould encounter much more for midable Chinese resistance than hat of the fifth and sixth armies ent intoBurma That was just an expcdition ry force he said China has our to five million troops A onsiderable proportion of these owever lack modern equipment nd training Chinese reports continued to tell f widespread Japanese air ac ivity New attacks were reported n Cheklang and Kiangsi prov nces where the Japanese have een bombing potential united na ions air bases for weeks and apanese planes also ranged videly over Yunnan JAPS INCREASE NAVAL ACTIVITY AT NEW BRITAIN Allied Spokesman Says Repeated Attacks Have Cut Jap Striking Power By C YATES McDANIEL ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Australia IP An ominous in crease in Japanese naval activity around New Britain and the Solo mon islnnds was reported Thurs day with the allied bomber command swiftly countering with high explosives this developing threat to the allimportant Amer icanAustralian supply routes A headquarters communique noting the strengthening of Ihc Japanese in those two iiorlh northcastern groups where they already have established foot holds said the Japanese war ships near Bougainville in the Solomons 300 miles cast of New Britain attacked success fully Wednesday No details were given but obviously headquarters was alive to these implications any strengthening of the invaders forces in those areas A direct as sault on Australia or an encircling move to seize the screen of islands east of this continent These developments emphasized the continued danger menacing Australia although headquarters reported diminishing Japanese air pressure on Port Moresby vital allied outpost on the south shore of New Guinea Observers expressed belief that the lessening of aerial stacks upon Port Moresby was direct evidence of the hard blows dealt Japanese airdromes at Lac on the northeast coast of New Guinea and Rabaut New Britain An air corps spokesman said that repeated attacks on these bases had sharply cut the poten tial striking power of the Jap anese air force and declared that to keep pace with the steadily increasing air strength the enemy must keep pouring in a steady stream of reinforce ments Leads British in Madagascar Maj Gen R G Slurgcs C B of the royal marines commanded the British land forces in the invasion of the French island of Madagascar in the Indian ocean off the stmtb castern coast of Africa This picture was radioed from Lon don to the United States It was reported also that the apanese air squadrons at Han ow had been reinforced but de ails of their strength were not available This might merely be in prep iration for the regular bombing eason for Chungking which be ins this month when the fogs ind clouds of the Upper Yangtze aley are dispelled Or it might be to support land movement WRECKAGE OF PLANE FOUND Father Had Vowed He Would Not Rest Until He Saw Sons Body LOS ANGELES IP G B Burns wriovowed hed never rest until his sons body was found has discovered wreckage tenta tively identified as that of an army transport which carried Maj Gen Herbert A Dargue and seven other army men to death Dec 12 Burns from Spokane Wash came to southern California last weekend to search for the body of his son Lieut Homer C Burns of March Field Cal co pilot of the Dareue plane With him came Lieutenant Burns widow a brother and sisterin law The army had sought in vain for the craft After five days of skiing over treacherous trails in rugged snowcovered mountains they came upon the wreckage at dusk The spokesman warned how ever that the danger of further southward penetration by the Jap anese had not been removed al though their timetable may have been upset Allied headquarters QUICK TRIUMPH IS REVEALED AS BASE IS SEIZED One Assault Had Been Thrown Back by French Colonials Seamen LONDON British land and naval forces have cap tured the Diego Suarcz naval base and surrounding territory on the strategic north tip of the French island ot Madagascar ot a cost oE something more than 1000 men it was announced Thursday Occupation of that key point on the Indian Ocean supply routes lo prevent its falling into axis hands was accomplished 48 hours after British comman dos marines and soldiers landed at dawn Tuesday but only after one assault had been thrown back Wednesday morning by hardfighting colonial troops and seamen loyal lo the Vichy French regime The French said the British force included 23 warships of which five were of heavy ton signifying battleships or large cruisers The war office the admiralty the ministry of information and Prime Minister Churchill contrib uted to the details of the quick conquest which began with a land ing on the northwest side of the island at Courrier Bay and pro gressed eastward to the successive capture of the village ot Diego the chief town Antsirana and the Diego Suaroz naval base which lies deep in the bay southwest Surrender terms are being drafted and the British naval squadron will enter the main har bor Thursday afternoon as soon as mines have been swept up Churchill stated Wednesday night The location was kept secret did not Italy Reports Raid Against Kupho Beaten By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS While Britain swiftly demon strates the rise of her offensive striking power on Madagascar the Italian high command indicated Thursday that other British as sault forces were active jn the Mediterranean An enemy raid which was at tempted against the island of Kupho south of Crete was promptly repulsed by our garri son there an Italian commun ique said tersely Presumably the attack was car ried out by seaborne British troops Kupho lies five miles off the southeast tip of Crete which German parachutists captured from the British after the fall ot Greece last year It is about 250 miles from the nearest point on the north African coast Recent dispatches have reported that British commandos includ ing Prime Minister Churchills son Randolph were being trained elaborate on its statement con cerning increased Japanese naval activity around New Britain and there was no indication ot the size of the units involved New Britain where he Jap anese have bases at Gasmata as well as lies about 550 miles airline northeast of Cape York Australia The 100mile between New Britain and New Guinea which lies to the west is the na tural gateway through which a seaborne thrust against Australias east coast would be launched The Japanese have a measure of air control over this passage through their bases on either side of the strait KrascKel Urges Iowa State Income Tax Be Cut Out or Curtailed in North raids Africa for just such DAMAGED BY FIRE FORT MADISON i r e originating in an elevator shaft damaged nuns sleeping quarters and supplies stored in an attic at Sacred Heart hospital here WASHINGTON G Kraschel democratic candidate for governor of Iowa declared in an interview here Wednesday that the Iowa state income tax should be eliminated or curtailed to en able the people of the state to carry their share of the wars bur den with greater ease Kraschel came on to Washing ton to call on Senators Clyde L Herring and Guy M Gillette after crying a sale in nearby Virginia This is the only time 1 have ever run for office when I prom ised tax reduction but I think the circumstances are such now that weve got to do it he declared The war is going to cost American people more in sorrow personal sacrifice and money than any other event or sequence of events in American history Kraschel also urged reduction of the federal governments non war expenditures until army officers could reach the scene Thursday and post guards Burns reported immediately to army air force officials He said he found a belt which he identi fied as his sons He saw one body and scattered clothing He did not probe the wreckage leaving that to the army Neither did he search tor other bodies Aboard the plane when it left Phoenix Ariz the morning ot Dec 12 for Hamilton Field near San Francisco were Gen Herbert A Darguc of Washington D C commander of the First Air Force Col Charles W Bundy general staff Washington Coi George W Ricker general staff Washington Maj Hugh F McCaffery Mit chell Field L I Capt J O Lcavitt listed as the pilot Lieut Homer C Burns copilot Staff Sgt Stephen Hoffman March Field Cal Pvt Samuel f Van Hamm March Field Cal The Burns party began their search in isolated rugged snow covered mountains asl Satur day They enlisted an expert skiicr to guide lliem along treacherous trails in the vicinity a rancher reported he heard a large airplane in difficully about the time the Parguc transport might hive passed over Heavy snownanks hindered them Burns did not speculate whether the wreckage might have been snowcovered hiding itfrom the armys aerial searchers most of the winter It was uncertain whether the surrender in the Diego Suarcz area meant the end of all resistance but informed sources expressed belief that the bulk of the fully equipped ami trained Vichy troops on Madagascar had been engaged in the defense of Diego Suarer and therefore few would be left lo fight elsewhere It was disclosed that in addi tion to the major landing at Cour rier bay other forces went ashore at Ambararata bay to the south Diplomatic circles here were watching Vichy closely for re taliatory action by the Pierre Laval government Free French said this might take the form of some naval aid lo the axis probably the allo cation of French cruisers and de stroyers to the German fleet Informed British diplomatic sources expressed doubt whether the French fleet would fight with or for the Germans Prime Minister Churchill praised the gallantry of the French and expressed regret that blood had been shed British infantry preceded by naval bombers charged a strong French by 75millimelcr field guns and few miles oul side of Antsirana the chief own of the harbor area and opened the way for its capture The French batteries and ma chinegun nests were pulverized by British bombs and shellfire from guns the British were able to Pushing across these position Ihe parties moved on to capture Antsirana in the campaign launched at dawn Tuesday The French commanders sur rendered but some pockets of re sistance remained said a joint war office and admiralty communique The town was captured in a night attack Wednesday night The main attack was launched from the south the communique said but the landing of royal marines from the north created a valuable diversion Order Watering Trough on Santa Fe Plaza SANTA FE N Mex Santa Fc oldest state capital in the U S intends to keep abreast of the limes The council is go ing to put a watering trough on the main plaza Apparently referring to ac tions already announced by the French officials said a French submarine and sloop had been sunk in Diego Suarez harbor in the attack upon Antislrana where the French had developed the chief naval base ot Mada gascar The British by accident or de sign followed the pattern of ihe Japanese drive upon Singapore in striking by land from the rear instead of by tea in a frontal as sault upon Diego Suarez where   

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