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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 6, 1942, Mason City, Iowa i AyIVTA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVIII THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WteES MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 6 1942 XIUS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS v SECTION OWE JSfO 177 CORREGIDOR FALLS TO JAPS British Tanks Reach Outskirts of Diego Suarez Madagascar HEAVY LOSSES Street Scene in Diego Suarez ARE INFLICTED ON DEFENDERS Free French Sources in London Predict Laval to Seek Aid of Axis LONDON waves bombers and light tanks the Brit ish blasted their way into the out skirts of the Madagascar naval base of Diego Suarez Wednesday despite heavy casualties inflicted by the bitterlyresisting French colonials V An appeal by Pierre Lavals proGerman Vichy government for axis aid against the British forecast by free French sources in London after a day of furious activity by the Vichy regime Some predicted Laval might declare War on Britain Informed sources here ex pressed belief that the British ad vance on the big Indian ocean island was still progressing favor ably after more than 36 hours and said advanced British units al ready were in the outskirts of Diego Suarez on the northeast tip of the island The small port OF Antisirana on same bay as Diego Suarez was believed within range of Brit ish artillery A joint admiraltywar office communique noted however that the advance of the British was being resisted with determination and causalties Wednesday have been heavier Operations continue with the support of our naval aircraft it added The Vichy radio said latest reports from the island iverc that fighting between the Brit ish and French forces was grow ing fiercer and that waves of British planes were bombing light French naval forces inthe harbor of Diego Suarez Seven British planes were shot down Tuesday the radio said The British striking quickly to prevent Madagascar falling into Japanese hands as a threat to al lied shipping in the Indian ocean advanced about 20 miles from the shore opposite Diego Suarez and the French acknowledged loss of two of their three warships in a vain attack on British transports laden with men and tanks The French ships sunk by British naval gunfire were the 1379ton submarine Beveziers and the 7110ton auxiliary cruiser Bougainville While the French said they were resisting along the first line of Dedoubts they conceded that they were being bombarded from the air and that Madagascars en tire and inconsequential air force was striving almost hopelessly to stave off the assault V British planes dominated the skies over Diego Suarez anil British warships appeared to hold firm control of the sur rounding seas a British military commentator said so that the ivay was paved for the British ground forces to seize the ports fortifications one by one from the rear This outmaneuvering Of Diego Suarez seaward defenses ac counted for the 20mile British DIEGO YMADACASCAH British commandos landed at Courricr jay A in the move against Madagascar in the In dian ocean French Reveal 2 Light Naval Units Lost Off Madagascar march in an area where the two coasts are only 3 to 10 miles apart The British commentator said the land configuration forced the to take a roundabout British route The French said most of the crews of the submarine and the auxiliary cruiser which once was a FrancetoAfrica passenger ship had been rescued Fate of the third French ship was not re ported All Vichy accounts spoke oi heroic defense by vastly outnum bered French colonials but the British commentator declined to confirm a that the landing force numbered 20 000 and that parachute troops were being used Me named Diego Suarez and neighboring Antsirana as the chief objectives of the British advance which he said still was progressing satisfactorily al though French resistance grew stronger as the British plunged through the jungle on the far northern tip of the island French strength was appraised at 1500 Frenchmen and 3700 colonials The French obedient to the Vichy governments dictate to fight to the end were believed here however to be inferior to the forces ashore the British have put There was no British word on the possibility of future landing on the island but it was pointed out here that Madagascar scarcely could be called safe with occu pation only of Diego Suarez The strategic importance Madagascar was emphasized the authoritative report Wednes day that Japanese submarines had been operating in the Indian ocean along with the battle flee whose presence there already was known Declare IslantTs Entire Air Force Is Hurled at British VICHY Unoccupied France tiP Madagascar communique de clared Wednesday that the islands entire air force had been hurled into action against a renewed British bombing attack ind re ported we arc resisting along the first line of redoubts1 At the same time il was dis closed that the French defense forces had lost two of three light naval units which sallied out of the Diego Suarez naval base first day of Brit ish a desperate foray against odds described as over whelming The 1379ton submarine Be veziers and the Bougainville were sunk by the gunfire of British naval forces as they attempted to close in for a torpedo attack the communique said Vichy described the Bougain ville variously as a light cruiser and an auxiliary cruiser but Janes Fighting Ships lists only a 2I5G ton French sloop of that name A German broadcast said liie ship was an auxiliary cruiser converted from the 7110ton passenger steamer Bougainville of the French shipping company Chargers Rcunis of Le Havre The third French ship partici pating in the attack described here as a small auxiliary cruiser was reported damaged but apparently was able to make her way back to Diego Suarcz Word from Madagascar said most of the crews of the submarine and the Bougainville were able to reach shore The sea engagement apparent ly took place in Courrier bay on the west side of the northern tip of Madagascar and opposite the naval base Dispatches from Vichy said ihe surviving crew members fought off the British Courrier bay landing until reinforcements took over the coastal defense if Reports reaching Vichy up to noon gave no indication of the course of the battle against the British landing force other than GOT Gen Armand Annets re port tiiat the first line of de fenses was being held One French source said several forenoon IN A1ASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 48 Minimum Tuesday night 36 At 8 a m Wednesday 36 61 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 7fi 53 03 Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder with frost heavy on low spots Wednesday night Lowest open country temperature about 28 Rising temperature toward noon Thurs day IOWA Cooler with light to local ly heavy frost Wednesday night Little change in temperature Thursday forenoon MINNESOTA Slightly cooler most sections with scattered frost night little British planes had change m temperature Thursday by antiaircraft guns Tuesday Some of the light tanks which the British were said to have put into action ashore were reported de stroyed Newspapers in unoccupied France announced the news of the British landing on the big French island for the first time Wednes day morning The story was given banner headlines but for the most part the press refrained from edi torial comment 7 URGE CARS TIRESBESEIZED Officials Say Rubber Situation Perilous From Army Standpoint WASHINGTON e v e n high ranking government offi cials asserting the rubber situa tion is perilous from a military standpoint urged the senate military affairs committee Thurs day to approve legislation au thorizing the requisitioning of au tomobiles and tires The officials presented a pic ture of the rubber situation which was so serious that the committe suggested that President Roose velt explain it to the nation In a radio broadcast Committee Chairman Robert R Reynolds DN Car said that every ounce of available rubber must be procured if we wish to win this war One committee member told re porters that one year from today there will be no rubber available for civilian uses Socalled es sential civilian users will have Ir depend upon whatever stocks have he said Reynolds said the discnssio centered around the genera problems and that no indicatioi was given of the extent to whic automobiles might be requisi tioned Other committee members said nothing drastic would be done in the near future One committee member ex pressed tlie opinion that the were desired to impress tin American people with the neces sity of conserving their aittomo biles and tires and that then probably would be little requisi tion The officials urged the com mittee to approve three bills one to authorize the president to acquire by requisitioning or otherwise automobiles and parts including one to authorize the government o requisition automobiles that ex ceed a 4fl mile speed limit and one to establish a nationwide speed limit of 40 miles an hour Hundreds of thousands of pounds of rubber are being unnecessarih consumed on the highways o America Reynolds told report ers Reynolds said that people with more than five tires per car would probably be compelled to turn the extra ones over to the govern ment The officials who appeared be fore the committee were Under secretary of War Robert P Pat terson Price Administrator Leon Henderson Deputy Petroleum Co ordinator Ralph K Davies Trans portation Coordinator Joseph B Eastman Arthur B Ncwhall rep resenting the war production board F Eberstadt representing the army and navy munitions board and Budget Director Harold D Smith 40 JAP PLANES DESTROYED BY U S BOMBERS 25 Badly Damaged in Attack on Airdrome North of Rangoon BULLETIN CHUNGKING troops which drove across the Chinese frontier from Burma are continuing their advance to the northeast into Yunnan prov ince along the Burma road a Chinese army communique an nounced Wednesday The situa tion at Chinese fron tier station on the Burma road was described as obscure NEW DELHI India Japanese planes were destroyed and 25 others badly damaged by a heavy United States bomber squadron which struck early Wed nesday in its second successive raid on Mingaiadon airdrome just nortlji of Rangoon American sources said Wednesday Three flights of JMajor Gen Lewis H Breretons bomber force in India delivered the at tack Wednesday start in fires that could be seen 70 mites away Their bombs smashed into the fire blackened Japanese hangar and gasoline dump left wrecked by the two previous flights of bombers the night before The raid was the seventh in the lower Burma area since Ameri can flyers begantheir aerial of fensive from India April 1 The RAF liming Us blows with the American attack struck anew at barges bringing Japanese wai material and perhaps troops up the Chindwin river on the Burma front 400 miles to the north The Americans met strong anti aircraft and fighter plane oppo sition a U S army air force head quarters communique said inti mating that Mingaiadon was per haps the chief of all the Japanese air bases in Burma The communique said Hie first flight of bombers started many fires and caused explosions and a second flight increased the de struction and spread the fires so that a third flight observed flames at a distance of 70 miles IVIiile the weary British land forces continued a rearguard action along the Chindwin aided by the RAF bombing in the vi cinity of Monywa about 50 miles west of fallen Mandalay there was no word from the eastern end of the Burma front where the Chinese forces at last report were fighting the Japa nese who had thrust across the border into Chinas Yunnan province As the main British forces fel back a military commentatoi said that they might have to abandon some of their heavini equipment but that they were in no greater danger ot entrapmen than for the past three days How ever it was conceded that the Japanese may eventually cu them off despite the heroic aid o civilian pilots flying troops anc civilians out in unarmed transpor planes shuttling between India and the front Even while the Chinese fough on north of Lashio and Genera Harold Alexanders British troops counterattacked at every oppor tunity there was no denial tha Japan had reaped a military har vest in Burma Rangoon Burmas great seaport was in Japanese hands Invasior forces had struck from Burma into the borderlands of China and to a position of menace against India Badly Damaged in Indies Battle Sails Half Way Around World to U S WASHINGTON United States light cruiser Marblehead which the Japanese have several times claimed o have sunk has arrived at an east coast port thenavy announced CHANGE PHONE GREETING DES MOINES ex change switchboard operators a the Polk county courthouse am several business establishment here have quit answering call with their customary good morn ing or good cs timate it saves about two second on each call unce damaged and torn by bombs but very much badly ifloat The 7OoOton cruiser has steamed half way around the world making a portion of the trip with her steering gear disabled and keep afloat to bring her ot war home for healing and tes ify the navy said to the strug gles of captain and crew to keep their badly damaged ship going ven though water at times lourett like a torrent through her iides The epic journey of about 13000 miles was made after the cruiser was bombed twice hit directly and once damaged under water by a near miss during the preliminary phases of the battle for the Dutch East Indies when the Japanese were advancing southward through Macassar strait swept by fire and threatened with flooding The crisis was intensified as her steering sear was com pletely disabled the official account continued Fifteen men were killed and 20 were wound ed during the bombing The Japanese assault by air succeeded in forcing the allied vessel1 to give up their project of attacking the Japanese invasion fleet and the Marblehead and her protecting destroyers withdrew to Tjilaijap on the south coast ot Java The feat of seamanship re Hcrs is the story of a ship that quired to negotiate this journey is was bombed to hell a navy ac attested by the fact that y ac es y e ac tat the count of the voyage and fighting Marblehead had to be steered by said and was brought right out her engines The MarblehcaU WLIS u of it again by a crew that doesnt now the meaning of the word abandon After the Japanese had started their drive to the Indies a United Stales force of cruisers and de stroyers mads several attempts to intercept them and halt the ad vance Japans domination of the air frustrated such efforts on two occasions but finally on Jan 24 an enemy convoy was caught creeping through Macassar straits This discovery of enemy ships led to the battle of Macassar straits during a part of which the Marblehead served as a cov ering unit for United States destroyers which successfully raided the Japs ivho Were later attacked by United States and Dutch submarines ana aircraft Naming the participating American destroyers Wednesday Tor the first time the navy said they were the John D Ford Par rotl Pope later lost at the con clusion of the Java sea and the Paul Jones These destroy ers sank at least four large trans ports possibly sank tuo medium transports and damaged two trans ports Following up on Feb I the de stroyer action of Jan 24 the Mar blehend and four Stewart John D Edwards the Barker and the out from their base at Soerabaya to attack a concentration of Japanese ships off Balikpapan This small force however en countered a Japanese fleet of seven cruisers and 13 destroyers about p m Feb J Tlie United States ships faced with such superior strength were compelled to retire and join the American cruiser Houston los about the same time as the de stroyer and three Dutcl light lava De Ruy ter and Tromp and three Dutch destroyers Feu 4 jo launched in 1923 anc was lightly armored and protected The damage caused by the bombs was indeed critical Only through the ability and determination of the Marbleheads personnel was the ship kept afloat At one stage it was disclosed water poured into the cruiser so fast that her pumping equipment was inadequate to keep up with the rising flood and the crew had to form a bucket brigade and bail frenziedly for hours in order to prevent her from swamping before emergency repairs could be made The vessel reached Tjilatjap on Feb 7 but tlie dock there was so small that only the bow and parl of the amidships section could be worked on Temporary repairs were sufficient to enable the Marblehead to go to a British base on the island of Ceyion The rud der still could not be used how On this combined force was lying in ambush for the Japanese armada off Balik napan when it was discovered and attacked by a large forma tion of Japanese planes at least 54 which came over in waves of nine showering bombs Antiaircraft fire of the Hous ton hit one plane which as i plummeted toward the sea wa heavy on the falling plane t 1C Hint they completed its destruction with hits which sent it crashing into the sea only 30 feet from their ship It was in this engagement that the Marblehead received two di rect hits and was badly damaged under water by the near miss The Houston also was hit by one bomb but not so badly hurt that she had to start the journey home V V The Marblchcad the navy said was rocked by explosion At Ceylon more repairs were made and the Marblehead was in condition to undertake a 4000 mile trip to the southeast coast of Af rica where still more repairing en abled her to proceed to an cast coast port in this country Reds Say U S Threatens Jap Vital Bases M O S C O W Ura The soviet armys official organ Red Star as serted Wednesday that Japans in dustrial centers and strategic bases are threatened with further attacks by American bombers in an allied shift from defensive to offensive tactics POUNDINGFROM BIG ARTILLERY WEAKENS FORT Beach Defenses Swept Away by Shells Before Steel Barges Landed WASHINGTON AP oncgidor fortress fell into he hands of the Japanese he war department report d Wednesday after being pounded into helplessness by unceasing artillery fire and bombardment from the ail The surrender of the guardian of Manila bay came after 28 days of siege climaxed by a day of con slant firing which swept away Jhe beach defenses and made il possible for the invaders to pour ashore from steel barges w The tired defenders long had been cut off from sup plies and reinforcements A communique said that one of the last messages received from Lieut Gen Jonathan M Wain ivright before the fall o Corrcgi 2 Mason Ciryans Believed Prisoners At least two Mason Cityans were probably prisoners of the Japanese as a result of the of Corregidor Wednesday They were Capt Lawrence Sleade son of Dr and nirs C L arcade 504 Ninth street southeast and Tvt Thomas Boyle son of air and Mre J J Boyle 1464 East State street Xo word has been received from Captain Mcadc who was in an antiaircraft ar tillery unit on liataaii peninsula since he was wounded on Feb 28 and his father said Wednes day that he believed his son hail probably been moved to Cor regidor after being wounded in action Last word from Private Boyle an aviation mechanic in the army air corps was received in a letter in January dareported that casualties among the defenders were heavy during the hist few days and the constant pounding by the enemy resulted in severe damage to military installations For the fourth consecutive day there were 13 separate air at tacks on Corregidor on May 5 Wainwright reported but the shellingby Japanese 210 milli meter siege guns was more dis astrous than the aerial bombard ment The final artillery barrage Award Fitch Company for Land Part of Ordnance Site DES MOINES jury ir US district court here Tucsdnj awarded the F V Fitch companv SU7000 for 558 acres of land ncai Ankeny now a part of the De Moines ordnance plant The com uvau me sta was pany asked S208000 for the land guided by its pilot in the direction after the government offeree of the Marblehead for a suicide S113000 Witnesses at the week dive the navy related But the orS appraised the land al cruisers gunners poured such a to S16o000 Gets Sugar Card for Baby 45 Minutes Old JOHNSTOWN Pa Prin cipal David J Berti supervising issuance of sugarrationing card at the Allport school said the youngest member of a family h listed was a baby 45 minutes old The father hadnt recovered hi breath from hurrying over frorr the hospital said Berti He dc clincd to name the parent UNITED STATES LIGHT CRUISER MARBLEHEAD BATAAN HUGHES FT DRUM FT FRANK dcstinycd barbed wire entangle ments and blasted machine gun installations and other centers of resistance Wainwright said and the Japanese brought their as sault troops across the narrow stretch of water from Bataan pen insula in s large number ot steel barges f Corrcgidors guns replied to the enemy artillery fire and shelled truck columns in Ba taan during the last day Wain Wright reported but the coun terbattery fire was severely handicapped as it had been throughout the siege of Manila bay forts by lack of aerial ob servation Wainwright also reported that the Japanese had landed rein forcements in the vicinity of Mala gang near Cotabalo on the island of Mindanao and were moving a considerable foccc in steel barges P tile Pulangi river in Mindanao Near Digos on Davao gulf in Min
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