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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 4, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMEM OP HISTORY A HO ARCHIVES 1ES MO I fir 5 A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME rC V HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 41942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 175 JAPS THREATEN CHINA FROM BURMA RAF Sets Fire to Hamburg Docks and Shipyards ALSO STRIKE AT NAZI SUB BASE AT ST NAZAIRE Germans Claim British Cruiser 6 Cargo Ships Sunk in Far North By THE ASSOCIATED FRESS In a battering exchange of blows at sea power the British declared Monday that the RAF lelt Hamburgs docks and ship yards ablaze and pounded the nazi Uboat nest at St Nazaire Sunday night and the Germans said their air force raided Alex andria British eastern Mediter ranean fleet base The German high command Cafe Owners Make Plans to Save Sugar sugar rationing committee of the Iowa Restaurant Owners association at the opening a threeday con vention here Monday recom mended that patrons be served one teaspoon of sugar per cup of cof fee one teaspoon on grapefruit and berries and two teaspoons on cereals It was reported that the com mittee headed by L M Bolton Des Moines has asked the office of price administration to increase tlie allotment of sugar for baking purposes from 50 per cent of the 1941 consumption to 70 per cent Restaurant owners were urged to keep sugar bowls off the tables and to follow uniform practices with respect to serving sugar A discussion of sugar rationing marked the opening business ses sion About 5DO delegates are ex said that in other operations off pected to attend the convention VEHICLES USING RUBBER TIRES PUT UNDER ODT Specific Control Is Provided for Eastman in Roosevelt Order Sugar Plant Workers Apply for Rationing WASHINGTON control over all rubberborne Europes far northern coast Gerj man warships submarines and planes fought a running battle for days on end in storm and high sea and ice against strongly guarded allied con voys alone the supply line to Russia With the allied account of the sea fight yet to be told the Ger mans hurried in first with their version xvhich claimed that dur ing the attacks a 10000 ton Brit ish cruiser was sunk by a subma rine and six convoyed ships to taling 37500 tons were sent to the bottom Several destroyers and four Supplyt SpPS were damaged in the wHich involved more than one convoy the German version said It reported that one German de stroyer in a flotilla said to have accepted battle with a superior force of enemy destroyers was damaged seriously The RAF continuing day and night attacks as spring permits struck back over the English channel after daybreak on the heels of the night raids on Ham which will close iate Wednesday 2 HELD FOR KIDNAPING MAN Chemist Charges Pair Took Synthetic Rubber Formula He Developed NEW YORK IP Two New Jersey men were ordered held on bail Monday for a hearing May 18 when they vvere raigned in Brooklyn felony court on a short affidavit charging kid naping of a Brooklyn research chemist who claimed to have per fected a process for the manufac ture of synthetic rubber Detective James Kane said the victim Samuel B Sklar told him he was lured into an automobile by two men who said they were taking him to police headquar ters for questioning and that when he protested they struck him in the head Sklar managed to escape from the moving automobile a few blocks away from his home and The Le Havre area of the French his screams brought police and coast was the target of the day caused sounding of an alarm for transportation facilities including passenger automobiles buses taxi cabs and trucks was lodged by President Roosevelt Monday in the office of defense transportation Mr Roosevelt issued an ex ecutive order conferring on the office the additional responsibil ity and Joseph B Eastman ODT director said he under stood the primary purpose was to permit his office to determine the policies governing controls over automobiles Eastman told reporters how ever he had not seen the com pleted executive order But he said he believed that it providei for closer control over all rub berborne transportation To a question whether that in eluded control over private pas senger cars Eastman replied tha this probably would be don through some form of rationing of tires and gasoline He was unable to say whether it was planned to restrict the use of cars otherwise The order says that the office of burg St Nazaire and the nazi used airdromes of northern France and the low countries light foray The British said their raiding squadron shot down five German interceptor planes and one bomber with a loss of three RAF fighters German night bombers at tacking about 30 strong concen trated on the southwestern Eng lish cathedral town of Exeter for the second time since the start of raids which Berlin com muniques flatly call reprisal bombings The British said five of the raiders were shot down and two others were knocked from the sky over northern France The British raid on the great northern German port and naval base of Hamburg attacked for the first time since April 17 and on the submarine base at St Nazaire underlined Britains increased ef fort to keep the German sea power crippled and landlocked Air alarms which send ground defenses into action shortly before dawn in the French port of Mar seille and the bigFrench naval base at Toulon 40 miles farther east on the French Mediterranean coast added a note of mystery to the nights aerial operations Some observers suggested that the alarms might have been caused by British planes scouting for information oh the location ol French fleet units which if they fell into German hands migh upset the whole lineup of nava power in the Mediterranean or even the Atlantic German planes also were in op eration over the Strait of Dover he car whose license plates had been noted by passersby The chemist was taken to Jew ish hospital while police across he Manhattan bridge laid in wait for the car it having appeared leaded for Manhattan Patrolman Herman Lowenstein spotted the car later and arrested its occu pants After hours of questioning the prisoners were booked on the three charges as Samuel Paris 39 of Bradley Beach N J who des cribed himself as superintendent of a hosiery mill and Julius Su hoke 35 at Paterson N J who said he was a machine inspector at the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock company Kearney N J Sklar suffering from a possible fracture of the skull and lacera tions of the face was quoted by Kane as insisting he had his rub ber formula on his person when his abductors forced him into their car but that it was missing when he effected his escape defense transportation shall formulate measures to conserve arid assure maximum utilization of the existing supply of civilian transport services dependent upon rubber including the limitation of the use of rubberborne transpor tation facilities in nonessential civilian activities and regulation of the use or distribution of such transportation facilities among essential activities The office was charged also with developing programs to fa ilitatc the continuous adjust ment of the nation and its transport requirements to the available supply of transporta tion services relying upon rub ber In an executive order last Dec 18 setting up ODT the president gave Eastman jurisdiction over all types of domestic transportation facilities including motor but the order Monday was much more specific in delineating the functions of the office with respect to fa cilities using rubber tires Exactly what it will mean in terms ot cutting down civilian use of private cars probably will not be determined Eastman indicated until his agency has had an oppor tunity to work out plans for pol icies KEEMLE Among the millions who spelled for sugar rationing ljqoka Jver JJtiqn Mpnday were employes of the American Crystal Sugar in Mason Cifyv two of wfibm are shown above presenting their information to Mrs Charles McCarthy at the sugar beet school north of the city Left to right the men are G W Lindquist who handles thousands of pounds oC sugar as warehouse worker in the fall campaigns and Peter K Mondahl night watchman both of whom live close to the sugar plant Lindquist has two children and six In the 25 years it has been in operation the Mason City sugar plant has produced a billion pounds of sugar Workers at the plant from the manager down to the humblest workman have to go downtown to buy sugar Lock photo Kayenay engraving ARRIVES AT NEW POST CAIRO G Casey former Australian minister to the United States arrived Monday to assume his duties as British war cabinet representative in the mid dle east country often sank into the mud j right up to their shoulders he said The soviet bureau of informa tion said 2000 German officers and men were killed on the Lenin grad front It did not specify whether this was in addition to n f wiitultil Una III dUUlllul ill Six fighter planes Germans which a Russian bombed and machinegunned a town on the southeast coast England after noon causing cas ualties and hitting a number of buildings NAZIS CLAEtt RUSSIAN ATTACKS ARE REPULSED From the Russian front the Germans still unready or unable to get their own offensive into motion reported that Russian at tacks in Lapland on the Mur mansk front and near Lake IImen south of Leningrad were repulsed and mentioned only local German offensive operations on the cen tral front before Moscow A Berlin broadcast quoted a German military spokesman as saying that although fighting was lively on the northern front swampy terrain made operations difficult German soldiers who forced their way through his communique Sunday said were killed there ITALIANS ANNOUNCE LOSS OF SUBMARINE On the Libyan front operations continued to be limited primarily to patrol activity and an exchange of air blows The Italian high command an nounced the loss of a submarine and said that British planes at tacking an Italian convoy in the Mediterranean were repulsed The Italian radio meanwhile broadcast a semiofficial denial that prominent fascists had been arrested for protesting against sending Italian troops to the Russian front A supplement to the soviet communique however repeated the reports and added that many of those arrested had been shot Americans Sign for Sugar Still Enjoy Life of Riley What Germans English J Faced in Rationing in 1939 Is Described WASHINGTON who set out Monday to obtain their first war ration are living the life of Riley compared with what the Germans and English faced at the outbreak of the war in 1939 AH of the necessities and most of the luxuries of life are obtain able here now but that doesnt mean it will always be that way Price Administrator Leon Hen derson believes that by the end of 1942 per capita output of consum er goods and services will have dropped to the 1935 level and by the close of 1943 to the depression w of 1932 Office of price administration igures show that per capita out iut of consumer goods and ser ices based on 1941 prices was Registration in Mason City Starts JOSEPH B EASTMAN of ODT Welsh Charged With Butcher Slaying of Sister Leila 24 KANSAS CITY if A first degree murder charge was filed Monday against George W Welsh Jr after a circuit court judge had dismissed an indictment charging him with the butcher slaying ol his 24 year old sister Leila Young Welsh member of an old Kansas City family pleaded inno cent at his arraignment He had been held in the county jail since his arrest Jan 28 The badly battered body of Miss Welsh once a University of Kan sas City beauty qugen was fount in the bedroom of her southsidc home March 9 Her throa had been slashed and a piece o flesh cut from her hip rationing registration oclock Monday Sugar started at afternoon in Mason Citys clemen ary schools and will continue un lil 8 p m Tuesday hours wil ae from 9 a m to 9 p in and it is hoped that practically all Ma son Cityans will be registered by Tuesday evening according to Supt R B Irons The elemen tary and junior high schoo classes will be dismissed Mon day afternoon and Tuesday bu will convene again Wcdnesdaj provided satisfactory progress has been made in the registration thi superintendent announced Regis tration hours Wednesday are 9 a m to 8 p m and Thursday from to 8 p m in 1941 is estimated to run an average of Jor 1942 ant to drop to an annual rate o by December 1942 H wa in 1935 and in 1932 Although Americans have felt the pinch so far only on new automobiles and tires and are about to be put on sugar and in some areas on gasoline rations Henderson looks for a gradual widening of the goodsappor tioning program He says the country is bound to run into important shortages later and naturally we will be prepared for rationing OPA officials pointed out that londay alter almost five months f war the American people still ave available virtually all the ood clothing and nonessentials lat money can buy Germany on the other hand tarted her ersatz clothing artifi ial fiber program as far back as 935 and a year later began in ormal food rationing Citizens laced their names with grocers or certain articles and waited heir turn To get a chicken would ake three to six months Now they an not be bought by civilians Formal rationing started ermany a week before the wai began in 1939 when cards were distributed alloting weekly indi vidual rations as follows Bread 85 ounces fats butter ard margarine 95 ounces meats and meat products 18 ounces cheese 22 ounces sugar 88 ounces oatmeal and rice 5 ounces milk 2 to 5 ounces for children none for adults Potatoes later went on the ra tion list and other allowances were tightened up generally As early as August 1939 a woman in Germany could not buy anything new under Ihe clothing restrictions if she had two dresses three sets of un derwear two nightshirts or pa jamas two petticoats six pairs of stockings six handkerchiefs No doubt she gets along with much less now Men in Germany then were lim ited to two suits and three shirts and allowed only one stick of shaving soap for five months At the start of the war German citizens had to give up their auto mobiles if they were not used in war work only 10 per cent of the people could buy gasoline tires were confiscated all durable goods limited to purchase by spe cial permit and taxis used only for war and civilian emergency purposes Great Britain waited three months after the start of the war rationing necessities Then the entire civ ilian population was compelled to register with the neighborhood grocer and produce cards to get subnormal quantities ot butter eggs bacon and ham sugar and tea Britain extended rationing to clothing in June 1941 Heres What You Have to Know WASHINGTON pre pared when you register for su gar rationing to give the follow ing information about each per son for whom you ask a ration book Name age height weight and color of hair and eyes Also you must be able to tell the amount of sugar brown and white owned by the family on the day of registration Policeman Drops Gun Is Fatally Wounded DES MOINES W Schane 27 DCS Moines police man died Monday of a wound suffered Saturday night when his revolver discharged as it dropped from its holster as Schane was reaching into his car Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not so cool Mon day afternoon Monday night and Tuesday forenoon IOWA Not so cool Mpnday aft ernoon Monday night and Tuesday forenoon Occasional light rain in extreme west por Conlinued c o o 11 mentcd bv land action they will afternoon Monday Tuesday forenoon lion MINNESOTA Monday night and except not so cool in extreme southwest Monday night and in west and south portions Tues day forenoon scattered light frosts in extreme cast portion Monday night Occasional light rain extreme southwest Mon day night and extreme west portion Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 40 Minimum Sunday night 36 At 8 a m Monday 40 YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 54 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday At 8 a m Sunday Precipitation Careful Plans for Allies to Act Shape Up By LOUIS F KEEMLE Of the United Press War Desk With May here and Adolf Hit ler expected to start his big drive before the end of the month there was renewed discussion over the weekend not of Hitlers offensive but of a major one by the allies as soon as pos sible T h i s talk came from re sponsible quar ters both Brit ish and Ameri can Among several who ex pressed t h e i r views on the subject the most prominent were Admiral Harold R Stark com manding United States naval forces in European waters Sir Stafford Cripps British lord privy seal and Ernest Bevin British minister of labor All agreed that an attack on Hitler is imperative but they also said lhat it must bo a carefully calculated and not a hasty half hearted stab that would result in failure Admiral Stark said we musl Jake some risks but not fool hardy ones Declaring that we cant win the war fighting de fensively he said reckless ana unprepared action only loses war but added The strategy of calculaied risk in which we strike the en emy and strike him hard will produce victory Stark expressed modified opti mism over the naval and mer chant shipping outlook He said defeat of Jlhe submarine threat is vltaVto victory and that rising American construction and anti submarine devices soon will put the situation under control SiiJ Stafford Cripps told the Poles lhat the moment to strike is ap proaching and assured them that Poland will be freed Bevin said in a speech that Bri tain is working out plans for the attack The tide has turned in the matter of equipment he said and the allies can determine when and where to strike He added We will not perform any rash act lhat might lead to defeat Fu ture decisions must be designed blows in order to bring victory Arthur Greenwood a labor party leader spoke in similar vein These and other recent pro nouncements on the subject have served o assure the advocates of an early offensive that the mat ter is being worked out and at the same time to still he cla mor for immediate action Some uneasiness was caused by Lord Beaverbrooks speech in New York on April 23 which many feared would increase the clamor to a point where it might hinder the work of responsible military authorities V II is noteworthy that Russia for many weeks has refrained from trying to highpressure the allies into an immediate land offensive Recent speeches by Premier Joset V Stalin and comment in the Rus sian press have instead been de voted to praise of the help now being given to Russia The impression given is that Russia is highly pleased with the results of the heavy British aerial offensive in the west which is creating a valuable diversion now and for the coming summer test Its effect has been to slow Ger man war production to hamper the flow of material to the front and to tie up an important pro portion of German air power in the west The Russians apparently feel lhat when the air war is supplc REPORTEDOHLY 23 MILES FROM YUNNAN FRONT British Commentator Asserts Nippon Thrust Heaviest of Campaign By JAMES M LONG Associated Press War Editor The Japanese campaign in Burma developed swiftly Monday into a stark invasion threat to China from the south and India from the oast as the enemy pushed Chinas expeditionary army to within 30 miles of the Yunnan frontier and forced the battered British troops back to less than 150 miles from the Ben gal border YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 53 36 36 85 inch 77 53 lave Hitler on the run Confi dence is unmistakably growing in Russia Stalin expressed it in his May day order calling for final victory in 1942 Now the newspa per Pravda declares that the of icnsive this year will not be Hit lers after all but Russias Chinese Chiefs Fear Japs Believe Indian Statement Invitation CHUNGKING non violent noncooperation resolu tion adopted by the allIndia con gress partys working committee may be considered by Japan as an open invitation for invasion ol India Chinese quarters feared Monday Competent observers here said they were afraid Indian leaders were unrcalistically play ing with words They said ihc Japanese probably would take the resolution as increased proof of AngloIndian disunity opening the way for conquest ot India A Chinese communique said fighting raged GO miles north of Lashio with he Japanese driving fiercely toward Chinese positions near Kutkai last main station on the Burma road short of China Another attack in which the Japanese attempted to flank the Chinese position was reported re pulsed The fire blackened ruins of Mandalay in the center of a Japa nese wedge up the broad Irra waddy valley separated the allied defense forces A British military commentator described the Japanese thrust up the severed Burma road toward Chungking 700 miles to the north east as the heaviest assault on the campaign He said the slowing the flow of supplies to China since the fall of Rangoon apparently had sapped the strength of the Chinese army A Chinese spokesman de clared however that the with drawal was made because of strategic considerations and pledged that the Chinese troops would win back lUandalay The British forces which with drew to the west to bar the way to India were reported holding out around Monywa on the Chindwin river 60 miles west of Mandalay At the same lime a new pene tration of invasion units inland across New Guinea was timed with increased Japanese air raids on Fort Moresby and sug gested that the Japanese might be ready for the big struggle for control of the important south coast of New Guinea across the Coral sea from Au stralia On both fronts there were indi cations that defense commanded by an American and the other including United States men and being marshalled for stiff resistance United States army bombers hammered home a new blow Sun day night at the rear of the Japa nese thrust through Burmn set ting the docks of Japanesecap tured Rangoon afire A number of heavy bombs were dropped on the target a communique announced On caused a large explosion and fire resulted in the middle of the dock area A Chinese army spokesman emphasized that the Chinese roons under Lieu Gen Jo seph W S til well were still in the fight He declared lhat only a part of the Chinese expedi tionary force in Burma had been in actual contact with Ihe Japanese thus far The implication was that Stil wcll lincl other forces to hurl into the fight in the mountains in a delaying action until reinforce ments reached the frontier Chinese forces were reported still holding out at Taunggyi 100 milesoutheast of Mandalay on the flank of the Japanese column which drove north to Lashio and the Burma road There was no in dication whether they were cut off Chinese dispatches told of sharp fighting at Kweichieh 53 miled north of Lashio that put the Japanese within 30 miles ot Chinas back door and represented a Japanese advance ol 25 miles in about 48 hours A Reuters dispatch from Chungking said the Japanese were attacking violently in one placc only 23 miles from Ihe Yunnan border The threat to India to the weft was underscored anew by a Jap anese air raid on the Burmese Bay of Bengal port of Akyab and ship ping in its harbor less than 100 miles from the Bengal border
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