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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 29, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A U 0 A r DCS U 0 I N 5 I COMP I H I 3 VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PHESS FUIX LEASED WIHES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 29 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS NO 171 RAF STARTS GREAT FIRES AT KIEL the ranging from bituminous coal and Virtually Every Item on Daily Shopping List Is Included WASHINGTON govern ment padlock forged in March will be placed May IB on the price of virtually every article that ap pears on Americas daily shopping list and rents in all warboom towns will be battened down for the duration In a sweeping order coincident with President Roosevelts share thewar economy program Price Administrator Leon Henderson Tuesday night announced that prices would be held to their highest March levels and directed that rents in areas housing more than half the nations population be restored to their preboom scales Henderson estimated the uni versal price ceiling would knock retail costs about 3 per cent below Wednesdays levels That is the amount of increase shown by April indices They still will be about 13 per cent above August 1939 however Labeled frankly as a framework for other antiinflation measures yet to come including higher in come and excess pro0ts taxes vastly expanded rationing wage stabilization and income limita tions empts only a limited number of food commodities The governments stoprise or der will be aimed at such cost of living items as tobacco meat canned goods clothing and pack aged household drugs and Hen derson estimated that housewives would find 60 to 75 per cent of all foods back at March costs when the universal ceiling takes effect in retail stores May 18 Retailers will be required after that date to post public lists of he ceiling prices on costofIiv ing items Wholesalers and manufacturers prices will be affected May 11 Beginning July 1 rates charged for retail as gar ages tailors laundries dry clean ers and shoe repair wise must revert to the March base Loud protests against Begging wholesale and retail prices to the same month were voiced by store owners who said they had not kept pace with increasing wholesale prices during March One Fifth avenue New York department store executive de scribing Hendersons order as completely unfair to the re tailer said stores that kept their prices to the public down wliile selling inventories pur chased at earlier lower levels were now being penalized V Although emphasizing lhat he expected business to cooperate generally and that stress would be placed upon government ad ministration rather than policing Henderson called attention to penalties permitting the office of Price administration to put vio lators out of business All stores and wholesalers sell ing products covered by the ceil ing automatically will be licensed by the government and after one warning OPA through court ac tion may have a violators license suspended In addition the emer gency price control act provides for fines of not more than S5000 or a years imprisonment or both civil suits for treble damages and license rexocation Eggs fresh vegetables milk products except milk and ice flour mutton and lamb live animals Iresh fish and sea food game and used automobile are among the few items specific ally exempted from the price ceiling Services not affected include prices charged by barbers anc beauty shops professional fees wages insurance and underwrit Sweeping Price Order to Start May 78JNAZIS DECLARE CONTROLS PUT Asserts Fraud Lack BRITISH LOST 11 ON AT HIGHEST wmBeMet PLANES IN RAID MARCH LEVELS the areas rents must be restored to March 1 1942 levels in 64 areas the freeze dates are in 1941 Jan 1 April 1 or July 1 Accompanying the general price order were 15 separate schedules establishing maximums tor vari ous products and commodities and advertising fees No ceiling was fixed on raw agricultural commodities but OFA emphasized that in gen eral costs of such items are fixed at the time of their first processing As to rents Henderson dered them reduced within days in 302 areas in 46 states anc Puerto Rico housing some 76 000000 persons In fourfifths of 6 Price Administrator Leon Henderson left discusses a phase of the new price ceiling control with Donald Gor don chairman of the Canadian wartime prices and trade board after a general Washington press conference at which Henderson announced the regulations of the U S price control program Basic gasoline to newsprint and farm which OPA declared required special pricing treat ment The gasoline ceiling applying service stations in all but 17 states and the District of Columbia pegged prices at the highest March levels In Hie 17 eastern states and the District of Columbia fill ing stations will be allowed to charge highest March prices plus fourtenths of a cent a gal lon on gasoline and twotenths of a cent a gallon on diesc fuel Various cutback levels are fixed in the 14 other schedules The rentcontrol order covers defense areas in every state ex cept North Dakota and Idaho Rents must be revised downward in metropolitan New York with nearly 9000000 people affected as well as in King George county Va with a population of 5400 Rent is second only to food in importance to the average family budget and American fam ilies spend five to six billion dol lars a year for rent Henderson said Had OPA delayed its action one official predicted it was prob able that the alreadyinflated rents in communities newlyswol len with defense workers would have risen another J5 per cent IOWANS STUDY PRICE DETAILS By GEORGE S HULLS DES MOINES 76 000 retail merchants studied de tails ot the federal price fixing order Wednesday and wondered what effect it would have on their business volume All agreed that it far exceeded price supervisions established dur ing World war I The state tax commission said its current list of retailers in cludes 61925 independent mer chants and 1740 which file con solidated returns The latter is the chain store group with about 14 000 retail outlets in the state The problem facing the mer chant is to streamline his opera tions so that he can continue business on prices and volume due in the basis of fixed declining busines to the reduction of consumers goods OPA Adminis trator Leon Henderson has pro ing premiums public utility rates dieted that there will be S9000 anrf nrtfl In i f 000000 less goods available for sale in the nation this year than last During World war I there no retail price fixing nor was the small retailer under federal li cense Federal authorities then used a publicity system under orwhich the housewife was informed through the press and by posted C J in most an ligurcs in the stores what were re fixed at March 1 level garded foods as fair retail prices for Facts WASHINGTON UR Basir facts about the price and rent con trol orders PRICES OF THINGS YOU BUI Effective May 18 No store can sell anything for a price higher than it charged in March with feuexceptions This applies to most food in cluding fresh milk to all clothing to all household supplies to all fuel and ice Government estimates this wiil reduce cost of living lj per cent after rise of 146 per cent since war began in 1939 Anybody can sell anything at less than ceiling prices Officials expect competition to iron out dif cannot cheapen quality of goods to get around price regu lations EXCEPTIONS Price control applies to so many thousand items that they cannot be listed Exceptions are few Principal exceptions Raw farm products raw vege tables and fruit eggs and poultry butter and cheese condensed and evaporated milk flour mutton and lamb fresh fish seafood and game dried prunes dried beans nuts except peanuts books and magarines used automobiles Price control does not apply to food and liquor served by res taurants soda fountains and bars WHOLESALERS AND MANU FACTURERS Effective May II They may not charge more than their highest prices of March SERVICES Beginning July 1 establishments which provide services affecting goods must hold their prices to March level This includes laundry dry cleaning shoe re pairing automobile repairing This does not apply to electric light telephone and gas services it does not apply to theaters and other entertainment places it docs not apply to doctors and dentists it does not apply to barber shops and beauty parlors and any other establishments which provide ser vices to the persons as distin guished from servicing goods ENFORCEMENT Business spokesmen pledged compliance with regulations gov ernment expects united support of all in war effort will eliminate need for policemen Customers who suspect violations will report them to 10000 local rationing anrj price boards All stores will be li censed Violators can be forced out of business by cancelling of li censes courts also may put viola tors in jail for one year and line them 55000 RENTS Total of 323 defense rent areas now established in 46 states Two thirds of population lives in these areas Rents in most areas to be Sizeable in som JAP SPEARHEAD 50 MILES FROM LASHIO BURMA Tanks Lead Attack Which Is Supported by Airplane Assaults CHUNGKING China Japanese spearhead thrusting northward was reported Wednes day to have reached within 50 miles of Lash to Burma in an at tack led by tapks and supported by planes Tuesday lie Japanese racing the monsoon rains into north Burma were reported 100 miles from Lashio with the Chinese already moving essential supplies out of that threatened city Wednesdays reports placed the Japanese at Mansam 50 miles due south of Lashio The latest Japanese thrust was believed directed presently at Mongyai about 50 miles below Lashio and whence the invaders will find two routes leading to the Burma road between Lashio and Mandalay The Chinese were reported forming a front just south ofan easlwest line from Mbnsyai to Hsipaw on the MandalayLashio railway link of the Burma road Grabs Falling Machine Gun Rrrrt P1TTSBURG Ca UP The war got to the shooting stage in California Tuesday An army truck turned tiie cor ner at Sixth and G streets Some how a machine gun started to slide off Lunging to save it a soldier grabbed the gun by the trigger Thats why Andrew Smith and M J Pursley spent the night pick ing 30 caliber slugs out of their apartment walls in a building a block away reductions places to be forced Declares Internal Situation Is Acute Reduces Food Ration By WILLIAM D DICKINSON LONDON Benilo Mussolini told Italys district pre fects Wednesday that a Jack of discipline and fraud have created an acute internal situation and lhat inexorable punishment will be meted out to the guilty ones the Home radio reported Mussolinis statement high lighted reports generally dis counted in London that Italy is fed up with the war and that a crisis appeared imminent Reports some of which had their origin in Switzerland circulated to the effect that King Victor Em manuel has decided to assert him self and demand Mussolinis resig nation as well as that ot Count Galeazzo Ciano foreign minister and soninlaw of il duce Marshal Pietro Badoglio Italys greatest contemporary soldier who was purged by Mussolini after the first big Italian defeat in Africa might become premier if the king is able to bring about the coup according to the uncon firmed reports The Rome radio reported that Mussolini oresided Wednesday over a meeting of the prefects of the Italian kingdom and gave a detailed explanation of the coun trys internal situation which is said in other reports to have reached such an acute point thai a purge of highranking fascist officials is imminent W Italys present difficulties were described by Mussolini accord ing to the Rome radios version as due to a series of causes including a lack of understand ing and fraud He promised that the perpetrators would be pun ished x if Increased population the food requirements of the Italian armed forces aid given to the popula tions of axisoccupied countries the cutting off of imports and transportation difficulties were other causes cited by Mussolini to the prefects Last years unsatisfactory har est was said by Mussolini to lave compelled him to reduce food rations to an absolute mini mum particularly bread Over in San Francisco police car radios blared out a red air raid signal and 200 officers got set for the bombs to start falling The red signal is the fourth in terceptor commands warning that bombs actually arc dropping on the city A halfminute later anci before the public got any word of the alarm the police cars were told to disregard it The army explained that one of the telephone girls at headquarters had pressed the wrong button Her face was red too Fined for Parking Overtime 6 Times i PHILAQFLPHIA guess Ill let you down easy smiled Magistrate John J OMalley to a motorist charged with ignoring six parking tickets Its SI5D or 30 days in Weather Report FORECAST s MASON CITY Scattered showers and thunderstorms and cooler Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon IOWA Continued warm in south scattered showers and thunder storms and cooler in north por tion Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon MINNESOTA Local showers and thunderstorms and somewhat cooler south and central little change in temperature extreme north Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon IN MASON CITY GtobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 71 Minimum Tuesday night 55 At 8 a m Wednesday 64 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 47 SINK JAP BOAT IN MANILA BAY LJ S Guns in Forts Break Concentrations in Cavite and Bataan WASHINGTON wa department reported Wednesda lhat artillery fire from the harbo forts of Manila bay sank an armed Japanese vessel in the ba and broke up troop concentrations on the Cavite and Bataan shores Reports from Gen Douglas MacArtburs headquarter in Australia a department com munique said indicated that ene my air attacks on Corregidor am the other forts were decreasing ii intensity with most of the raids in the last two days carried by dive bombers Japanese artillery in Cavite Bataan however shelled the forts heavily The return fire silenced some of thc Japanese batteries in addition to breaking up troop concentrations and sinking the mediumsized vessel in thc bay On the island of Panay defend ing troops are continuing their re sistance to the Japanese near Ali bunan in the central section and San Remigio near San Jose on the west coast The communique reported tiiat enemy naval strength has been in creased near Panay and the other islands of the central Philippines In northern Luzon enemy de tachments were reported advanc ing against patrols sent out by small units of the AmericanFili pino forces near the southern end ot the Cagayan valley on Air Australia 8 MEN FINED CORNING rtu charged with injury to a building after the Nevinville Iowa produce establishment of Charles Landon had been smeared with yellow paint on March 23 collectively were fined S40 and costs Tuesday on he less serious charge of un lawful assembly Nazi Battleship Lair at Trondheim Again Bombed by English By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor British warplanes capped a dev astating weeklong air offensive by smashing heavily at Ger manys big naval base of Kiel jefore dawn Wednesday and bombed thc nazi battleship lair at Trondheim Norway for thc second night in a row f Great fires were left ragiuc at Kiel the British said ivliile the Germans asserted that the RAF aimed its immhs at cul tural monuments dwellings and hospitals The nazi high command ac uiowledged an unspecified num ber of civilian casualties and said he raid cost the British 11 bom bers making a 48hour total o 3G RAF bombers shot down The iiigh command said 25 were shot down Monday night alone RUSSIA CLAIMS 45 MILE ADVANCE 4 DAIS On thc soviet front Russia claimed an important fortyfive mile advance in Jour days in which the red armies stormed acioss a big river and sent the Germans reeling back to the southwest The river was not idenlificd but thc Russians have been hammering nazi defenses along thc Volkhov river below Len ingrad the Upper Volga In the Rzhev sector before Moscow the Oka river 200 miles south of Moscow and the Donets river in the Kharkov area of the Ukraine It was the most sweeping ad vance described in soviet dis patches for weeks Aside from helping to stem the flow o German war supplies to the Russian front thc RAFs latest raids indicated that the British were smashing hard in an attempt to knock out German naval base along thc channel invasion coast POWERFUL BRITISH XAVAI UNITS IN NORTH ATLANTIC Simultaneously London quar ters disclosed that the 23000ton aircraft carrier Illustrious anc other powerful units of the Brit ish home fleet had been mustcror for a defense of the north Atantic against the formidable German battle squadron in Trondheim fjord Amid indications that a major naval cattle may be impending in a showdown for control of the vital northern sea lanes British naval circles expressed keen optimism over the ability of the royal navy to deal with the Germans W If the Germans risk a fleet ac lion they will be utterly de stroyed one commentator de clrred Nazi warships known harboring at Trondheim include the 35000 ton battleship Tirpilz the 10000 ton pocket battleship Admira Scheer thc 8inchgun cruiser Prinr Eugen and Admiral Hipper and a flotilla of destroyers The new blows against Kiel am Trondheim delivered as Presiden Roosevelt declared that sooi American Hying fortresses will bi fighting for the liberation of darkened continent of Europe climaxed seven successive nighi of the heaviest sustained assau in RAF history CLAIM REFUGEES TELL OF ROSTOCK DAMAGE First refugees from Germany important Baltic base at Rostock the home of the Hcinkel aircraf works were reported to have ar rived in Berlin with stories ot Ire mendous destruction left by HAF bombers in attacking thc city lou nights in a row Enormous fires left practi cally thc entire center of the town a heap of ashes dis patches from Switzerland said The number of dead far exceeds thc Lucticck ficurc The British previously estimatci that 40 per cent of Lucbeck wa destroyed in a single onehour as sault To a cheering house of cor mons British Air Secretary Si Archibald Sinclair said the attack on Luebeck and Rostock exempli fied the governments policy t destroy the enemy capacity t make war The air ministry said great fire were left burning in the raid o Kiel Nine RAF bombers wer acknowledged missing in th nights forays lhat also struck nazi airdromes in the low coun tries and a power station in Ghcn Belgium German night raiders countere is witli United States irmed forces in Australia will ue heard in a broadcast over WON Chicaso at oclock Wednesday evening The colnncl who left Mason City in January on secret orders from the war department will broadcast on a program over the Mutual network at 1 oclock for which the regular announcer is Babs Cuhcl former Cedar Rapids and University of lomi athlete Because of the farirc amount of static in programs from Aus tralia making it difficult to hear a direct broadcast Cn Robert McCormick of the Chiuauo Tri bune told Mrs MacNider Wed nesday that the MacNider talk would be recorded and rcbroad cast for WGN listeners at oclock The first iiiformatlun IHat the Mason Cityan would speak on the prosram of the former Ce dar Rapids resident was a cahle sent from Australia to Mrs aiacNider Tornado Blaze Wreck Town in Texas 7 Dead VERNON Tex tornado followed fay a devastating fire de stroyed or damaged every build ng in the west Texas county scat town of Crowe Tuesday night Billing at least seven persons and injuring hundreds Rescue workers anci equipment were rushed from Vernon and other nearby towns Hospitals were Tilled with injured All com munications in the vicinity were down George Self Red Cross chair man at Crowell said 1000 persons needed emergency aid and hous ing Two emergency Red Cross sta tions treated more than BO injured each About 85 injured were brought to Vernon o them in a serious condition Others were taken to Quanah and Chillicothe TWO BREAK OUT OF COUNTY JAIL Hednck and Strong Kick Screen From First Floor Hall Floyd Hcdrick 21 and Letchcr Strong 21 escaped from the Ccrro Gordo county jail Tuesday night by sawing a bar and kicking out the screen of a hallway window on the east side of the jail The two had been placed in the same cell on the lirst floor of the jail Hcdrick was held for being ab sent without leave from the navy and Strong was recently bound to the grand jury on a charge of larceny in a motor vehicle Sheriff Tim Phalcn said Wednes day that officers were searching for the men U S TO FIGHT ANY AXIS AIM AT VICHY BASES Roosevelt Discloses American Warships Are in Mediterranean Fight By EDWIN STOUT WASHINGTON guns ot American warships confronted Hitler and Mussolini in the Medi terranean Wednesday and Presi dent Roosevelt warned that the united nations would fight any axis attempt anywhere to use Vichy French territory for mili tary bases In a detailed war effort to the nation by radio Tuesday night the president disclosed that American warships are now in combat in the Mediter ranean and that American troops have taken stations in the near cast and middle fact which British commentators de clared had been one of the best kept naval secrets of Ihc war Mr Roosevelt took cognizance of collaborationist Pierre Lavals rise to power in Vichy and de clared that the united nations would not hesitate to act any where to prevent assistance lr the armies or navies or air forces of Germany Italy and Japan At home he called all America to man woman and child The price of victory he aid is hard work sorrow and blood He pledged the exercise of all the executive power at his com mand to prevent a spiral in the cost of living and summoned the nation to harsh self denial lor a tough long war program lhat will reach a 573000000000 yearly rate before 1942 is over He spoke just after blanket price control was imposed on virtually everything Americans cat wear and use Abroad he gave this report on the war America now has several hun dreds of thousands ot fighting men at bases and battlcfronts thousands of miles from home 1 American warships arc now in combat in lite north and south Atlantic in the Arctic in the Mediterranean and in the north and south Pacific American troops have taken stations in South America Greenland Iceland the British Isles the near cast the middle cast the far cast the continent of Australia and many islands of the Pacific Swarms of American four motored bombers will soon attack axis Europe There have been serious Josses in the Orient but there is good reason to believe that the south ward drive of the Japanese has been checked Australia New Zealand and much other territory will be bases for offensive action we lire determined lhal the territory which has been lost will be regained The situation in Burma is seri ous The Japanese may cut the Burma road But no matter whit advances the Japanese may make ways will be fount to deliver air pUmcs and munitions of war to the armies nf Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek For every advance lhat the Japanese have made since tlicv started their frenzied career of conquest they have had to pay a very heavy o in warships in transports in planes and in men They arr feeling the ef fects of these losses with a 20planc attack on the British industrial Midlands bomb ing the city of York pop 85000 and machinegunning streets and shops Five of the nazis were re ported shot down Britons and presumably secret radio listeners in Europes con quered countries took new heart from President Roosevelts an nouncement that American war ships are now in combat in the Mediterranean and that American troops have taken stations in the middle cast and near cast In Europe the great Russian of fensive is destroying more armeri power of our plane tank and all the other united nations put to gether Defeatism slowly spreading in the axis countries The Germans and Kalians have a crowing con viction lhat he cause of nazism and fascism is The president said that the Mediterranean area was receiving very careful attention voiced concern that the new Vichy regime might force the French people to submit to pazi despotism and is sued this warning The united nations will tako measures if necessary to prevent the use of French territory in any part of the world for military pur poses by the axis powers The good people of France will readily T understand that such action is i i r EClUial Ior thc umtcd nations to biuyx CITY Dun prevent assistance to the armie ear old LUtle Sioux Iowa or navies or air forces ot CM farmer died in a hospital here Tuesday of injuries suffered last week when he fell from a rake and was dragged by horses w vv many Italy and Japan The overwhelming majority of the French people under
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