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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 13, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP PEPART WENT OF HISTORY AM A J C H I V C ASSOCIATED WU5S AMD UJOTK MSSFULL THE NEWSPAMR THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHiORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL TfflS PAPER CONSWW SECTONS SECTION ONE NO 157 JAPS SEND BIG FLEET TO BENGAL BAY Nearly 2 Million at Kewanee supportfor nn 9 invasion 93 STRUCTURES ARE DAMAGED OR DESTROYED Disastrous Blaze Sweeps Through Heart of Business District ill Ninety three buildings in two squari blocks in the heart Kewanee were destroyed or damaged by a fire which raged for four hours Monday Business leaders estimated the damage in Kewanees most dis astrous fire at 51500000 but Police Chief George Nelson said the loss might reach The exact cause of the confla gration was not immediately determined There were no Known dead and only two firemen were injured Fireman Anthony Schlindwei of Kewanee collapsed and was pulled to safety by Police Chief Nelson He suffered severe burns on the back Sixty members of local units o the Illinois reserve militia were called out to aid firemen and police Several witnesses told officials they heard a muffled explosion apparently on the first floor of the Kewanee Dry Goods store before the fire broke out The store watchmanT P La Shonse in the first alarm at 115 a m 10 onlya few toneoes orflamelickedthe wreckage ftremSET it turned home Shocked Kewanee residents said their business district looked like Coventry England after a blitz bombing Mayor Mark A Saunders called a conference of city and officials of the city of 17000 to discuss immediate rebuilding In view of the fact that Ke wanee right now is engaged in a great deal of defense work I fee certain this city is entitled to con sideration by the priorities divi sion and that our request will be given favorable consideration the mayor said Among the offices destroyed were those of the American Red Cross and the Kewanee Commun ity Chest The last serious fire in Ke was on Dec 30 1930 when the Baker building burned It was damaged Monday Fire departments which sent men and equipment included Feona Galesburg Wyoming Tou lon Cambridge Galva Princeton Neponsett and Bradford The fire started in the three story Kewanee dry goods store the largest in this north central Illinois city of 17000 Flames fanned by a stiff south wind leaped to adjoining structures on the east side of Tremont street and firemen were unable to check them The three story building of the Kewanee Star Courier a daily newspaper and an adjoining one Etory furniture company buildin were the only structures which were not destroyed in the block bounded by Chestnut and Tremont and First and Second streets WIND WHIPS FLAMES TO NEAREST RESIDENCES At least 50 smaller fires in nearby houses were staued from flames which swept through th Kewanee business district Mon day according to a United aispatch Whipped by a strong wind sparks from the downtown conflagration started the smaller fires An estimated 500 persons were thrown out of work tem porarily and the entire business life of the town disrupted A L Stuhlatz Kewanee fire IV Uljtu 1I1C chief said most of the destroyed buildings were covered by insur ance The hardhit business section included the Kewanee Publi u building and assorted other build jngs including doctors and den tists offices and retail establish ments The American Red Cross set up temporary headquarters at the Davidson cafe and began registering families and their losses with a view to supplying emergency food clothing and housing Most of the families who were driven from their quarters in the burned sector were housed temporarily at the WHsotj and Parkside hotels Row on Row of Wounded Men lined fa whcre in beds Corregidors Gunners Sink Small Jap Boats Off Fort Keep Air Raiders So High That Damage From Bombs Is Minor WASHJNCTON departmentrepbrtedMonday that Corregidors gunners sank a num ber of small and kept enemy air raiders so high over the Philippine island fortress that bombings ina series of new raids caused only minor damage A communique said the Japa nese boats were in the harbor of the fishing village of Mariveles at the tip of the abandoned Ba taan peninsula Several were set afire in addition to those sunk Meanwhile communication be tween Corregidor and Cebu was cut off for the past 4S hours so Lieut Gen Jonathan M Wain wnght was unable to report on the efiorts to beat off an invasion of the central Philippine island more than 300 miles south of Corregidor The communique reported be atedly the sinking by enemy ac jon of two army freight ships the Liberty and the Meigs both of which went down in the south west Pacific The Liberty was torpedoed twice by an enemy submarine Jan 11 when 12 miles from the Netherlands Indies island of Bali No lives were lost The vessel was beached and 53 crew men and one passenger were rescued by Dutch planes some being flown to Socrabaja and others to Baii The Meigs was sunk Feb 19 in 3 bombing raid on the harbor ot Darwin Australia The master Capt F S Link died later of wounds One crew member was killed and eight were wounded Ten raids rcgidor in the past 24 hours the war department said raising the total to 22 in the last two days The communique said there were some casualties butmilitary in stallations received only damage Artillery assaults on Corregidor were reported from both Bataan which at the closest point is only slightly more than two miles from Corregidor and Cavite on the op posite side of Manila bay Japanese radio reports said heavy field pieces had been moved into newly won cm Placements on the southern tip of Bataan and these presum ably were shellinc the American fortress day and nifht Japa nese tactics call for almost con tinuous fire to prevent the enemy from gaining sleep The war department indicated m previous reports that the Japa nese were using guns and Howit zers of 155 and 240 millimeter caliber with a range of ten miles or more The 155 millimeter gun throvys a shell of nearly 100 pounds and the other weapon a missile several times as large Life on Cprregidor in the words of a newly returned army officer was living on a bulls eye Lieut Col Warren J Clear whoreached Washington by way of Australia predicted that the Japanese having won Bataan would throw everylhing they hav get e against the Corregidor tar Interviewed on an army hour radio program sponsored by the war department Clear said the Japanese attacking Corregidor still must combat American cour age and American marksmanship and American ingenuity and me night clothes which they were wearing Mayor Saunders said damage to the residential structures was in consequential but that much of the business section would have to be rebuilt Recaling that Kewanee inaugu a new water system only a month ago Saunders said if it hadn t been for the new water setup the whole town would have burned Its too bad that we didnt wait vith some of our other improve ments however Saunders said ne said he referred to 000 vorth of asphalt paving in the business district which was dedi cated last November At the height of the fire the new as Aalt boiled and bubbled runnin jjjujuaeu me Public off inin tsss sKattK Ai mess of unfinished gravel The Kewanee StarCourier al hough driven from its building on the edge of the burned section by water flooding its basement and presses printed editions Mon day at a job printing establish ment on the edge of town PROMINENT PHYSICIAN DIES FAIRFIELD J Fred Clarke 78 a prominent Jefferson county physician died here Sun day after a twoyear illness He vas a SpanishAmerican war vct Charge Defendant Had Operation in Order Not to Appear in Court NEW YORK Barracota who underwent a ser ious abdominal operation last Fri day and thus was unable to appear in federal court for trial on tax conspiracy charges may be cited for contempt it was indicated Monday Federal attorneys charged that Barracota persuaded physi cians to operate on him although according to affidavit it was found later that he had only pretended to be in intense pain in order to convince them Man on Whom Gravel Fell Declares It Was Kinda Stuffy DENVER WOutd you say if several tons of gravel caved m on you That is if you could tSln The world came tumbling down on C Edward Overboil while he was working in a 15foot hole The rugged one passed it off with it was kinda stuffy down RUSSIA GIVES JAPS WARNING Tokio Cliques Toid Not to Blabber By EDDT GttMORE KUIBYSHEV Bus s i a Striking at what was called blab bering in Japanese military and fascist cliques about war in the north soviet Russia Monday ob served the first anniversary of the signing of the JapaneseRus sian neutrality pact by warning Tokio to live up toall ramifica tions of the agreement The pact world shaking in its implications like the nonag gression accord reached by Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin 1939 i 19J3 and later repudiated by the German invasion of Russia was signed In Moscow on Eas ter Sunday of last year vehicle of the warning Monday was an editorial in Prav aa organ of the central commit tee of the communist party Although not belligerent in tone the editorial spoke in firm phrases necessary Pravda said essary rava said that the Japanese military and fascist cliques who are dizzy on military successes should under stand that their blabbering about war and invasion in the north might damage first of all most of all Japan herself The editorial came while both the Japanese ambassador Naotake Sato and the new United States ambassador Admiral William H Standley were in Moscow to pre sent their credentials Rule Against AYIC IMFIUISIs Indicated AntiSemitic Statements WASHINGTON su preme court upheld Monday a cir cuit court decision which was in terpreted by opposing litigants to hold that under New York law a published charge that a public of ficial holds antisemilic views is libelous The high tribunal divided 4 to with Justice Jackson not par ticipating Under such The litigation involved a suit brought by Representative Sweeney DOhio against the Schenectady N Y Union Pub lishing company charging that he had been libeled by statements published in the Schenectadj union Star that he was opposing the appointment of Emerich Burt Freed as federal district judge at Cleveland on the ground that Freed was a Jew Now the case goes back to the northern New York federal dis trict court to determine whether under principles enunciated by the federal circuit court at New YoiJc the newspaper had libeled Sweeney In a brief filed with the supreme court the newspapers said the cir cuit court decision interprets the article as charging respondent bweeney with racial prejudice and upon that basis holds it to be libelous per se Sweeneys brief said the sole and determinative question is whether the circuit court of ap peals correctly stated the law in holding the words complained o jtobe actionable per circuit court ruling apffliet only to New York since it wasin terpreting the law of that state Other courts throughout the coun try have reached different conclu sions in similar suits brought bv Sweeney Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Warmer Monday after noon no decided change in tem perature Monday night and Tuesday forenoon occasional light rain in south portion Mon day night MASON CITY Warmer Monday afternoon not much change in temperature Monday night and Tuesday forenoon AH temper ature above freezing IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 55 Minimum Sunday night 30 At 8 a m Monday 37 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum in night At 6 a m Sunday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 77 59 48 36 37 08 72 Ships Shell Corregidor warships 1 were reported to have joined Corregidor island Meanwhile and nurses reached ARE BLASTED IN ENGLISH RAIDS Offensive Designed to Smash Equipment Before It Leaves Factories LONDON Japanese battleships including one ims far 32720 tons mounting ISinch carrers and incl 1 at axls guns along with five aircraft car llght cruisers and net Italy ners a number of lieht anrl IIMW tlllas destroyers fensive designed to smash the equipment of many German di visions before it is able to leave the factories Swarms of RAF fighters swept across the channel during the afternoon in such numbers that the incessant drumming of the motors reminded coastal residents of the busiest days of the battle for Britain in the autumn of 1940 The new formations were flying toward France and they passed others returning from offensive sweeps Some planes were so high they were hidden by lofty Ileecy clouds The royal arsenal at Turin where much of Italys munitions is produced was reported to have been one of the main tar Bets of the raid against Ber lins axis partner It was the first raid on Turin since Sep tember and the 18th since Italy entered the war in 1940 An authoritative source said the attack on Italy was carried out without the loss of a single bomber on the 1500 mile round trip at ives m the thaMvuhr manufacturing city it was re ported The Ruhr raid and subsidiary attacks on docks at Le Havre oc cupied France and airdromes in France and the low countries cost the RAF en bombers and one fighter it was said The Italian high command re ported that several localities in northern Italy had been attacked by British planes but said that bombs dropped did not cause any damage The British flight to Italy caused air raid alarms to be sounded twice in Bern and in other towns of Switzerland The thunder of bomb blasts rolling across the channel could heard on the English shore The skies already were gray Monday morning when residents on the Kent coasts heard the last crump of exploding bombs on the other side of Dover strait and the sun was well up in the sky Tilinrt planes winged homeward bound overhead There was every indication the British were taking maximum ad vantage of the spring which now provide about seven hours step up aerial operations fast developing into the united nations first real European offensive 1942 The growing strength of the united nations air forces was em phasized only Sunday by Labor Minister Ernest Bevin who de clared in a speech at Royston that United States airplane production would be equal to the total output of Germany Italy and Japan within five or six weeks He said British manufacture of planes already had reached parity with Germany from the sale of filthy lit erature or face immediate ar Kotowsfci rest FARNSWORTH Associated Press War Editor With at least a fourth of its to tal strength in battleships per haps half of its aircraft carriers and formidable contingents of supporting and covering craft the Japanese imperial fleet has seized effective control of the Bay of Bengal in the wars strongest chal lenge to the United States and British fleets Prime Minister Churchill grave ly disclosed in the house of com 01 oensai with powerful mons Monday that at least three forces headed by at least Japanese battleships includm one threc battleships and five air craft carriers and including heavy several ilo oyc Churchill Says It Is Impossible to Give All Ships Air Protection LONDON Prime Minister Churchill disclosed Monday that the Japanese are operating in the y Bengal with powerful riers a number of cruisers and several destroyer flo tillas are operating there at the front door to India TS The size of the force indicated to Britain that it had been sent to support invasion of India With such a force London mili tary observers SaW the Japa nese could shield the seaward flank of land forces descending from Burma across the upper Bengal border into the Ganges basin Broadly suggesting a strategy to meet the challenge with a possible implication of the need for Unit ed States naval participation Churchill said We have the Pacific ocean and the Indian ocean with the Japa nese occupying an intermediate position between the two It is possible to use large forces on one side and small forces on the other or vice versa His statement covering the Easter day bombing ot Colombo and Trincomalee strong points on Ceylon and the subsequent sinking of tile British aircraft carrier Hermes cruisers Dorset shire indirect admisslonthat the Japa Not until Prime Minister Churchill made this disclosure Monday was the threat to com munications with not the direct threat to I n d i a known to be backed up so pow erfully Earlier estimates of the enemys power in the Bay of Bengal counted at most a cruis er force and a pair of aircraft carriers with supporting craft Whether the British fleet would take up the challenge to the full not at once apparent al last week when the Japa nese strength there was not so fully pictured it was reported that his majestys warships were seeking the Japanese for battle The British naval situation is one of thinly spread forces in the Atlantic Mediterranean and other waters where they have thousands of miles of lifeline communications to guard Churchill pointed out that the Japanese suffered heavy losses in carrierborne aircraft in their at tacks on the Ceylon harbors of Colombo and Trincomalee and said that the British suffered sim ilar a lesser extent but well as damage to shore establishments and a few ships that remained in the har bors With India still not united for with Japan and with fur ther Japanese advances reported on tlie Burma approach indica tions were stronger than ever that the Indian section of the British empire would rank soon with Russia as one of the two most important fronts of the world conflict 3 BATTLESHIPS 5 AIR CARRIERS ARE IN FORCE Club Has Telephone Plug for Candidates CAMPAIGN IS LAUNCHED DES MOINF A NEW BR1TAIN Conn DBS M01NES WA drive The Pulaski Democratic club has Reportins to commons on the loss of the aircraft carrier Hermes and the cruisers Dor setshire and Cornwall whose sinking by Japanese bombers in the Bay of Bengal was announced last week the premier said the Japanese battleships there in cluded at least one of he mod ernized 1C inch sun Nagato type of 32720 tons f It was against this vastly su perior force headed for Ceylon he disclosed that the Hermes Dorsetshire and Cornwall were preparing to make their stand when they were sent to the bot tom by Japanese bombs The premier said that the com mander of the interceptor force Admiral Sir James Somerville whose hastily gathered fleet of big and little ships rescued the BEF from Dunkerque and who helped stalk the German battle ship Bismarck to her end in the Atlantic had done nothing to weaken the confidence of the ad miralty in his judgment Churchill said thunderstorms and lowhanging en veloped the Japanese aircraft car riers and warships interfered with British counterattacks bv air Nevertheless he a s s c r t e a British bombers torpedo planes and fiffhlcrs pressed the attack until all available planes Jiad been knocked out Churchill said lie could not make any statement concerning the disposition of the British fleet in this area which is under com mand ol Admiral Somerville without disclosing information useful to the enemy It is quite impossible he said to afford continuous air protection by shorebased or carrierborne aircraft to all British ships at sea Many scores of British ships are at sea every day without air protection he went on adding that unless these risks are taken e is no means of carrying on immense business of convoy and sea war which falls upon the royal navy Turning to he Malayan cam paign Churchill disclosed that a full report now has been re ceived from Major General Hen ry Gordon Bennett commander of the narlicipaline Australian forces but said it was not suit able for publication The government is not satisfied with the final facts assembled on the Malayan campaign he de clared but is continuing to gather more data from whatever authori tative sources become available He said General Sir Archibald P Wavell now commander in chief of British lorces in India had been authorized to designate agents to collect further informa tion from officers who succeeded in escaping from Singapore before it fell Commenting on the attitude of the natives during the Malayan campaign he said All my information is to the Anyone calling the club hears warned all newsstands to this Elect Dobrowolski Sadowski hello Zapatfca and Wojack Doors of Church Are Locked as American Weds Irish Girl BELFAST Northern Ireland Private Herbert Cooke of braved possible U S army displeasure Monday to marry an 18 year od colleen in a church locked against those who might interfere He was the first AEF man to wed and his bride was Miss Thelma Smith When her father the Presbyterian church ie found the doors locked and had o return home Army authorities do not re quire enlisted men to obtain spe cific permission to marry but say it isadvisable Private Cook ap parently obtained only the perrnil sion of his bride and her parents The brides father had been in vited but he arrived too iate for the start of the service which was conducted with such secrecy that only four pmons including the sexton were witnesses The doors had been locked when the bridal couple entered the church thoroughly friendly False Rumors on Conditions in Alien Centers Are Attacked SAM FRANCISCO army sought Monday to halt the spread of false rumors that Japanese alien and citizen evac uees were provided improper liv ing conditions in assembly cen ters Col Karl R Bcndetscn tant chief of staff of the civil affairs division said such rumors were spread by both Japanese and nonJapanese These persons are jpeakins without factual knowledge and often arc activated by unhealthy reasons Betidctsen said He said many of the assembly centers were still under construc tion and that some sections were not operating yet at top
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