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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 8, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY ARCHIVE DCS UOUES I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PBESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CEHTS A COPY THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWAMS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 81942 HOMEJOITION THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE r v T1 JT4 j TSJL JLVIU Oi 11 TWO SECTIONS ONE NO 153 U S ARMY CHIEF HINTS AT INVASION Northern Ireland Being Tactics FIREMAN DEAD OnUMWA FIRE LOSS Woolworth Company Store and 6 Offices Destroyed by Blaze OTTUMWA fireman killed and another was hos pitalized Wednesday as a 5100 000 fire destroyed the F W Wool worth Co store here and six of fices above it The fire was brought under control at noon after a seven and a half hour battle but firemen from six towns con tinued to pour water on the blaze George Wittenmyer 43 in spector for the Ottumwa fire de partment was killed ivhen he fell apparently from the roof into the flaming debris His body could not be recov ered immediately but it could be seen partly covered with debris on a portion of the collapsed second story floor dangling in the gutted interior of the store largest of its kind here Albert Ruble Otlumwa fire man was overcome by smoke taken to Ihe Ottuzmva hos pital but his conditionwas not considered serious Firemen from Fairfield Bloom Qttumwa firemen fight the blaze Adjoining buildings also were threatened for a time but fire walls between them held and they suffered only considerable damage from smoke and water The store occupied two build ings owned by H L Edmunds and the HarperBrowning estate It was virtually wiped out as were the offices above it Oc cupants of the offices included the district off ice of the Boy Scouts of America Vans Photo studio Dr L Dunning dentist the Underwriters Ad justment Co and Ihe Edmund Kitterman Insurance Co The fire was discovered at a m Witlenmyer is survived by his widow and one child James Hart manager the Woolworth store said he was in the store at a m on an errand and there was no sign of any fire at that time It was the second disastrous fire in Iowa in two days A drug store and cafe burned at Estherville Tuesday with a loss of The twostory brick building is situated on East Main street in the heart of the business dis trict The store recently was cn largred to a double front and was remodeled The fire was discovered by Dr William Hansell who had an of fice and apartment above the store Several other offices in cluding a photograph studio were on the second floor Fusfields womens readylo wear store on the east and the Newberry notions store on the west of the Woolworth building both twostory brick structures were badly damaged by smoke and water Wittenmyer was a fire captain until this week when he was pro moted to inspector and was given charge of all Ottumwa fire preven tion activities Weather Bureau Says 20 Above in Northeast Iowa Is Prediction DES MOINES is in its third week in Iowa but the chili of winter lingers on The weather bureau advised shippers to watch out for tempera tures as low as 20 above in north east Iowa and 22 above in the northwest part the state Wednesday night A minimum of 32 was predicted for southeast Iowa and 35 for the southwest section Tuesdays high was 53 at Clar inda while Tuesday nights low was 20 at Cherokee and Inwood The 30 a m temperature here Wednesday was 41 Buy war savings honds and stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy Young Pershing Gets Lesson Knuckling down to his eight weeks of basic field train ing young Francis Warren Pershing left gets instruc tion in operating aBrowning 30 caliber machine gun at the engineer replacement training center Fort Belvoir Va Assisting him right is Private JacobKruilhof Pershing in 1938 married Muriel Baehe Richards granddaughter of and arts patron Believe Axis Opens New Drive in Libya 30 Squadrons of Aircraft Support Rommel Offensive By DREW IUIDDLETON LONDON f Axis forces numbering 125000 desertwise troops were reported in motion across the Libyan desert Wednes day against British lines in what may be the opening ot a spring drive to conquer Egypt and smash through east of Suez towards Rus sias southern flank The yet fold in as the German air force lashed with rising fury at Malta and Alexandria with fire and explosive The tiny island fortress and Egypts chief port and base of the British Mediterranean to Britains dominance of the reported the worst raids of the war as axis bombers set the stage for the first great land campaign of 1942 5 At present German Marsha Erwin Rommel commands two German armored divisions one Italian division and six infantry divisions in the desert By con trast the British have been weak ened by the dispatch ot Australian veterans from north Africa to fight under General Douglas Mac Arthur in defense of their home land Thirty squadrons of all types of aircraft are believed by in formed quarters here to provide air support for the axis offen sive While Ihe axis claimed initial gains in the Libyan theater 100 miles southwest of Tobruk the British command at Cairo said only that our fighting patrols again were active in the Libyan desert Tuesday V But a military informant in London added cautiously There is some increased activity in Libya which we may hear more about Both the German and Italian communiques said British ad vanced forces had been pushed back in the new surge of desert fighting Neither communique went into details The German identified the scene of the action only as southeast of El Mechili FIRED FIRST SHOT HONOLULU United States destroyer Ward built in 1918 was credited officially Wed nesday with firing the first shots of the Pacific war on Dec 7 more than an hour before the first Japanese bomb fell on Pearl Har bor MNIDER CASE HEARD BY COURT LongFought Action Submitted to State Jurists at Des Moines DES MOINES WP The Iowa supreme court had under consid eration Wednesday the long fought OntjesMcNider case The case was submitted to the high court Tuesday after three hours of oral arguments Litigants in the action are F A Ontjes Mason City attorney and some CO other stockholders of the Northwestern States Portland Ce ment company against Hanford MacNicler and others Both sMes appealed to the supreme court from Dislrict Judge Henry N Cravens de cision allowing claim of about 5100000 against the estate of the late C II McNidcr father of Hanford JIacXider The stockholders claim the McNider estate owes the cement firm about 52300000 because profits McNider made on invest ments during the 17 years he headed the firm Ontjes and W GHenke of Charles City presented the argu ment for the plaintiff tmd John A Senneff Mason City and A A McLaughlin DCS Moines spoke for the defendants CLAIM 6 NORSE VESSELS SUNK BERLIN from German broad casts out of 10 Nor wegian vessels which attempted to break out of the Swedish port of Goteborg last week were sunk by German naval and air forces and two others fled back to Swedish territorial waters offi cial German quarters announced Wednesday This report indicated that two ships eluded the German blockade The Vichy radio said Saturday that two vessels had reached Bri tain and a terse British announce ment Sunday said Ihat certain ships have arrived safely in this country but did not give the number The Germans announcement broke their silence on the break by the Norwegian vessels on March 31 NORSE TUTORS AND MINISTERS ARE REBELLING Puppet Regime of Quisling Uses Drastic Means to Curb Revolt LONDON axis pup pet regime headed by Vidkun Quisling in Norway is resorting to drastic measures in an effort lo rush opposition led by clergymen md teachers a Norwegian refu gee government spokesman said night Nazi storm troopers were re ported ready to aid In prevent ing demonstrations scheduled for next Sunday according lo intelligence reports received liere and Quisling has Issued a proclamation permitting Jay men to take over the duties of some 1100 clergymen who re signed in protest against gov ernment dictation The intelligence reports to the refugee government said that Nor wegians had declared their readi ness to fight with our clergy even from the catacombs The protestant clergymen re signed en masse and intend to test the Quisling r e g i m e by preaching as free clergymen in defiance of authority next Sun day It was said the clergy probably would operate outside the churches arranging private or se cret cording to officialshere was the greatest aid in the fight against Germans in Norway since the nazis invaded the country two years ago Thursday Informants suggested as had Swedish advices direct from Nor way that the Germans might be forced cither to declare a state of siege throughout Norway or to re move puppet leader Vidkun Qusi ling They said that about 1109 clergymen or nearly all in Nor way had resigned and that the Germans were threatened with the spread of revolt and passive resistance to the entire country which never on the darkest day lias knell lo the nazis or Iheir Quislings Norwegian sources believed that Quisling desperate and envisaging the loss of his job might try to bar the clergymen from their churches next Sunday If this is done there undoubt edly will be trouble throughout Norway a spokesman said TWO JAP SHIPS ARE TORPEDOED Passenger Vessel and Cargo Ship Arc Sunk by American Sub WASHINGTON Two Jap anese merchant ships totaling 15 000 tons have been sunk by an American submarine operating in the China 52nd and 53rd Japanese vessels destroyed or damaged by American undersea craft in the Pacific theater One was a 10000 ton cargopas senger ship the other a 5000 ton cargo vessel The navy said the submarine had been on an extended patrol New Formula for Defense of India Develops By H It STJMSOV NEW DELHI India new formula for handling Indian defense was reported worked out Wednesday at an allIndia con gress party committee session and semiofficial sources declared that the way might yet be cleared for a settlement under which India would attain a national govern ment and take up her full part in he war It was intimated hat Louis Johnson former United States assistant secretary of war who came here as President Roose vells personal emissary had played a prominent part as me diator In averting a deadlock on Britains offer to Hie Indians The new plan for dealing with responsibility for defense hereto fore a stumbling block in the way of congress party acceptance of the autonomy proposal was said to have developed at a morning session of the partys working committee The plan was said tn have been turned over to party leaders and the committee continued in ses sion Earlier a deadlock had threat ened to wreck Sir Stafford Crlpps mission to India as Britains amended offer to appoint an In dian as the countrys defense min ister fell short of nationalist de mands Only two possibilities appar ently remained to give the ne gotiations for postwar Indian dominion status a new lease on the both sides for an agreement might produce satisfactory terras or that States influence might be brought to bear on the involved situation This briefly is a synopsis of the bargaining which has created another final phase in the deal for Indian independence Seeking Indias allout war support now Britain sent Cripps to New Delhi as her emissary with an offer of dominion status after the war There were two strings tain must hold control of Indias defenses for the duration India could take it or leave it India said no The allIndia congress party the potent voice of the Hindu ma jority and the Moslem league strongest spokesman of 77000000 minority Moslems have been In dias chief negotiators They insisted on Indian direc tion of Indias defenses against the Japanese enemy already threaten ing from the Bay of Bengal That was the main pitfall There also was inner dissension among the Indian factions the minorities fearful of Hindu dominance in a new dominion and the Hindus adamant that India remain an en tity not divided in separate fed erations as Britain suggested Britain modified her original offer Tuesday with the concession that an Indian become Indias de fense minister It has failed to break the deadlock Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Wednesday night Lowest temperature in Mason City 23 Rising tempera ture with light rain Thursday forenoon IOWA Not quite so cool light rain south portion Wednesday night and over most of state Thursday forenoon fresh to moderately strong winds MINNESOTA Somewhat warmer Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon light rain extreme south late Wednesday night or Thursday morning IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 46 Minimum in Night 25 At 3 a m Wednesday 29 YEAR AGO Maximum 53 Minimum 40 2 MORE SHIPS ARE ATTACKED I Vessel Torpedoed and Second Shelled Off Atlantic Coast WASHINGTON navy announced Wednesday that two more merchant vessels had been attacked by enemy submarines off the Atlantic coast One of the ships of medium size torpedoed The other a small freighter was shelled The navy said the actions took place several days ago BABElUTHTS SERIOUSLY ILL HOLLYWOOD S a m u c 1 Goldwyn studio said Wednesday that Babe Ruth former New York Yankee slugger who is appearing in a baseball picture had been taken to a hospital this morning in a serious condition The hospi tal refused to comment and Kuths physician could not immediately be located U S FORCES ON BATAANFORCED TO WITHDRAW Wainwrights Men in Previously Prepared Defensive Position WASHINGTON general withdrawal of the American Filipino forces in Bataan to new defensive positions because of Japanese penetration of their line was announced Wednesday by the war department The troops under Lieut Gen Jonathan M Wainwriglit with drew Tuesday night to a pre viously prepared defensive po sition a communique said in order lo rectify the penetrated line Officials said there was no im mediate indication of lie extent of the withdrawal but it appar ently was accomplished in orderly fashion The Japanese with great ly superior forces numerically have been hammering constantly at the line since Saturday sup ported by tanks heavy artillery fire and aerial bombardment and strafing of the defending troops A breakthrough in the line has been expected by officials here since the major assault started five days ago and apparently General Waimvright had prepared a new line before the concentrated as saults of the enemy could convert he break into a disastrous rout The communique also con firmed previous dispatches from India reportinr that seven American army heavy bombers carried out a successful raid April 3 on Ihe liarbor of Ran goon Burma damaging docks and port facilities and starting three fires There was a chance Ihat Gen eral Wainwrichl might stem the Japanese tide military men said But the invaders arc known to have built up tre mendous forces for an annihila tion campaign This would be a twoweeks drive timed to end just before the rains begin X Japanese strength available for the Luzon campaign lias been es timated at one full army at least This would be from two to six infantry divisions which together with heavy artillery and other troops would number from 110 000 to 135000 officers and men far superior to the defending forces The divisions themselves would be the attacking units Each would have one tank com pany 6000 riflemen 380 light machineguns 2 heavy ma chineguns 20 37mm guns 18 70mm nuns 16 75mm guns and 12 105ram howitzers Officers familiar with Japanese tactics say the normal attack would consist of frontal direct pressure to hold the enemy while a column maneuvered to strike at a flank This is the phase of the fighting which apparently has been developing over the past four days The late communique of the war department Tuesday described it thus Superior enemy forces sup ported by tanks and artillery con tinue to attack the center of out linu in Batann The Japanese have thrown fresh reserves into the fighting and have made some ad ditional progress Heavy losses have been sustained by our forces and by the enemy Japanese dive bombers arc assisting in the attack dropping homhs and machinegunning our front line soldiers The fact that one end of In AmericanFilipino line is on the and the other on Ua nila bay makes a successful flank ing attack unusually difficult The Japanese have tried futifely anc at heavy cost to turn the Bataan flanks with waterborne troops However there is always the pos sibility that they might eventu ally drive a strong column through one of the flanks and then at tempt to roll it up Marshall in SOVIET FORCES ior SMASH ACROSS DNIEPER RIVER War Talks Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy Music Clinic to Be Held June 15JuIy 15 IOWA CITY schoo students in band chorus and or chestra will be given special train ing at the University of Iowa music clinic June 5 to July 15 Prof Charles Richter director o the project announced L 0 N D 0 N UP Gen Jeovge C Marshall U S hicf of staff announced Wednesday night after a wohour conference i t h rime Minister Winston Churchill that the United States armed forces already n Northern Ireland want to expand to Europe Marshall and Harry I Hop kins President Roosevelts ad viser conferred with Churchill on confidential matters of allied strategy a few hours aft er heir surprise arrival in Eng land from Hie United States We came to Britnin to discuss with llio prime minister a highly confidential matter will which the president entrusted me the F S chief of staff said after his conference with Churchill Significance was attached to Marshalls statement that we want to expand to Europe by his assertion in Washington ihat the United States murt pre pare to undertake a major offen sive against the axis at the earli st possible moment In this connection the AEF already in Northern Ireland is undergoing intensive training in commando tactics under veteran British instructors who have taken pan in raids on the naii7held European coasts Marshall said he wished to visit the encampments of these troops before leaving the British isles He said he was uncertain whether he would return directly lo the United States from Britain I was reported in other quarters that he might go to Hie middle cast lo confer with British leaders in Cairo because of the looming menace of a strong German drive there Marshall Churchill and Bril Ish general staff leaders as well generally arc expected to go thoroughly into allied plans against axis offensives on the world fronts ihis summer and for counterblows Hopkins said his part in the mission was principally to confer with Capt Oliver Lyttleton min ister of state in the Churchill war cabinet charged with supervision of war production Hopkins said they would work out details for the correlation of allied mass production Hopkins pointed out that on the occasion of his last wartime visit lo Britain the United States was being hailed as the arsenal of democracy and added Now things have chaiiseil and the United Stales contri bution to victory will be by soldiers and sailors The war is now going to be won by fight ing men of he united nations Our contribution will not be confined to the production guns 9 Hopkins said supplies to Russia now were moving very rapidly In many cases we have alread3 caught up with the production program he said It is very im portant The United Slates intends lo send munitions and war mate rials everywhere and anywhere that Japs and Germans can be killed Hopkins said Ihat the presi dents production program as out lined before congress will be ful filled substantially by the end of 1942 Report Bulk of AEF Preparing for Mass Invasion of Europe By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Gen George C Maishall chief of staff of the United States army arrived in Lon don Wednesday on the heels of British reports that the uulk of the American army was training for a mass inva sion of continental Europe General Marshall was ac companied by Harry Hop kins chairman of the Brit ishAmerican munitions as signments boards and by senior military advisers London newspapers Tuesday declared American and British expeditionary forces eventually would strike together at the heart of industrial Germany through France Thousands of American troops already are training in battle maneuvers in Northern Ireland Recent dispatches have sug gested that if British and American forces should Open a second front as repeatedly ureed by Russia they might at tack along Uic FrenchVchannei coast or through Norway In Washington the white house tersely described General Marshalls visit as a perfectly normal wartime mission while London sources said the XT S chief of staff was expected lo confer with Britains military leaders on questions of high strategy KEDS SMASH ACKOSS DNIEPER KIVER Oh the Russian war front soviet dispatches reported Wednesday that reel army troops had smashed across the upper Dnieper river in a furious cli mactic drive to pinch off the German escape corridor from Moscow which tins now been nar rowed to 30 miles Dispatches said he crossing was made in the face of vast nazi fortifications between Dorogdbuzh and Durovo SO miles east of Smolensk and 180 miles west of Moscow Durovo on the old Napoleonic highway from Moscow to Smo lensk was said to be threatened Soviet forces were reported Wednesday night to have smashed German lines and entered the province of White Russia only t short distance from the old Polish border after killing or wounding 537000 German troops in two months of winter war While red army troops fought to reconquer While Russia whose eastern border lies about 150 miles from Russias pre war frontier with Poland Rus sian troops in Ihe north were said lo have broken through German siege lines around Len ingrad The While Russian border was crossed at several points ac cording to advices reaching Mos cow and fighting still was under way as the Russian forces pushed forward presumably in the Nevel region north of Vitebsk and northwest of Smolensk V IE the White Russian frontier was crossed in the Nevcl region the Russian forces would have pushed the Germans back 280 MARSHALL HARRY HOPKINS
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