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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 7, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME coup DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES INES I A VOL XLVII1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES THf NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 7 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE IN DlA BALKS AS JAP THREAT MOUNTS of Most Consumer Durable Goods British Agree NEHRU AGAINST IIP OAII OTMTPft CO lllCllcin NELSON STATES NEW ORDERS TO BE ISSUED SOON Goal of Program for Nation Is Sound but Lean Economy WASHINGTON tion ot most consumer durable goods will be stopped by May 31 Donald M Nelson war production head disclosed Tuesday Declaring that history will record whether we have moved too fast or too slow in the drive o curtail civilian industries and convert them to war production Nelson said the high point of the program would be reached in a few days with issuance of orders halting most private building construction and pro hibiting use of iron and steel in hundreds of items impact here and abroad be widespread and sweeping the WPB chief predicted adding that the two orders were part of a pattern carefully planned by WPB which changes the face of American industry The goal of the program is a sound but lean civilian eco nomy Nelson declared adding that no one yet knew how lean it can be put that it will get leaner and leaner as the war pro gram goes on Were taking away from the people things which make the standard of Nelson saw in his discussion of the changes at a press conference but this is the way of total alEout war and the price of early victory Industrial casualties in the conversion drive would be just as inevitable as deaths on the battle field he continued we hope there will be as few as possible In the most optimistic picture of war production so far painted by him Nelson nevertheless reported that the overall army navy and maritime commission estimated for the first time pretty well in some cases greater than we can produce in 1942 and perhaps even in 1943 But he gave these items on the encouraging side I Military expenditures in March amounted to for munitions and construction alone if pay and subsistence of the armed forces were added in The 52500000000 represented a threefold increase over March a year ago and figures out at a rate of a year for military expenditures compared with a total physical production of for the nation at the low point in the depression year of 1932 2 I feel definitely that we are going to meet the goal of 8000000 tons of merchant shipping called for by the president for 1342 3 The Ford Motor companys great Willow Run plant for heavy bombers in Michigan will be in production about a month earlier than previously anticipated and will turn out its first plane before the end of May 4 The conversion aufo mobile industry to war production has been beyond my expectations have been doing a great job 5 The war production drive intended to stimulate output 25 peicent in the next few critical months of existing machinery is proceeding at very gratifying speed and preliminary figures on results are very interesting Nelson gave no figures on this point but WPB reported Saturday that labormanagement commit tees had been organized and the drive was advanced in 308 plant The stopconstruction order and the portant to victory as the winning iv v IILVJI j tva me winninH ouuw of a major battle the production tion to collaborate with the United chief said Stales They mark the suspension of p r the consumers durable goods metal nlasf industry and the civilian construe J uuiviisiv iiiGiel industry and the civilian construc tion industry he asserted They make possible the complete con version of the men materials and these pursuits to war production The only civilian construction der would be such at t chicken coop a barn or a porch Nelson said The steel order will prohibit at an early date the use of iron and steel in hundreds of metal Hj ducls and goes beyond thai lo the street point of prohibiting use of other melals and scarce plastics as sub stitutes Nelson disclosed J Claims Trees Korean First cherry blossom time of the war in Washington brought a protest from the KoreanAmerican council that the tamed cherry trees along the tidal basin are not Japa nese but Korean To stake Koreas claim Grace Kim 13 dressed in Korean attire holds a Korean flaff against a background of the blossoms and Washington monument t BRAZIL REPORTS Bonair Half SHIP IS MISSING 4 Brazilian Vessels Had Previously Been Sunk by Axis Subs RIO home in Bonair Monday after an DE JANEIRO illness of several weeks Brazilian foreign ministry an nounced Monday the disappear ance of the 3557ton Brazilian freighter Cabedello which sailed from Philadelphia Feb 14 for Brazil and has been unreported since Four Brazilian ships previously had been sunk by axis subma rines The last sinking was fol lowed by extensive antiaxis riots m Rio de Janeiro in which nu merous German business houses were smashed Brazil severed diplomatic rela tions with Germany Italy and Ja pan during the PanAmerican conference and followed up her action by smashing a vast axis spy ring late last month throwing 200 axis nationals into concentration camps U S Negotiating With Martinique Guadalupe for Sale of Sugar WASHINGTON state department Monday confirmed reports from Vichy that the French government is negotiating with the United States for the sale of 200000 tons sugar from Martinique and Guadalupe The Pacific war has disrupted the flow of sugar from the Philip pines and limited drastically the amount of shipping available for transport of Hawaiian sugar to the United States Hence the demand for Caribbean sugar has been in creased sharply Aside from this aspect of the situation however it is under stood that the government is in ie stopconsuuction order and terested encouraging normal steel curtailment order now trade relations with the French pending represent steps as irnCarilbean possessions so long as authorities there show a disposi Union Station KANSAS CITY slation plaza was scores of windows Monday night by a Union were broken away were thrown from their feet Police said the caused by a placed in Ihe doorwr company operated by Gus Pusa at 209 on his door step Half Man Is Dead C R E S C Pecinoesky about 40 widely known as the half and half man died at his Poecinoesky attained his unique title by the practice of shaving only half his beard wearing dif ferent colored pant legs and shirls of contrasting colors and different colored shoes and socks on each foot He had requested that he be buried as he was dressed while alive He was a barber and oper ated a beer tavern 2nd confection ery in Bonair Survivors are his wife and two children Funeral arrangements are not complete China a military spokesman here declared Tuesday Three Japanese divisions aic u vtuii tune go no concentrated on Japanese For to the employer but to the nation mosa island but their destination The spokesman appealed more aircraft for Burma for 3 Merchant Ships Arrive Safely After Incidents With Subs u T c J oniy as a large fan st TwentySecond manian ship a large United Stat ship and a medium siz JAP FLEET OFF AMOY REPORTED Chinese Spokesman Says 13 Transports and 6 Warships Are in Group CHUNGKING China Thirteen Japanese transports and six warships have been sighted icntsouait con off Amoy on the south coast of tracts with the employers wher FIRE DESTROYS STOREANDCAFE IN ESTHERVILLE Loss Caused v Fireman Hurt When Window Is Blown Out ESTHERVILLE fire injured one fireman razed two business buildings here Tues day morning and threatened a lar ger portion of the business district before it finally was brought Un der control The flames starting in a base ment about a m leveled the Jay Johnson drug store and the Joe Crowley cafe wiping out also the office of Dr J P Clarke and he Crowleys living quarters on he second floors Smoke and water damaged Ihe Estherville shoe store owned by Carl Anderson and a barber shop on the other side of the flaming structures The fire was brought under con trol about 9 a m after the brick fronts of the building crashed in allowing firemen to prevent spread of the flames to nearby business buildings Water was poured into the smoldering basements for some time after that Vennain Sidles the fireman was cut and bruised when he and a companion were blown partly across the street when the front of a window of the drug store burst out The other man was not hurt Dr Clark who had gone to his office to save some of his instru juststartiiigvdown a ladder when the oc curred but he made his way to safety down the stairway X An unofficial estimate placed the damage at 315000 each on the drug store stock and building about on the cafe building owned by M J Groves and 55 000 on the cafe fixtures The Crowleys iost all their personal be longings Dr Clarks loss was 000 The twin type brick buildings which had a stairway between them were situated on Central avenue a half block west ot the town square and directly across from the office of the Estherville News The heat was intense and flames were whipping over the roofs of the nearby Estherville drug store the K K hardware store and Sanboums grocery until the fronts of the flaming buildings fell in and firemen were able to bring the blaze under control Double Time Cut Will Not Enrich Firms DETROIT President Roosevelt in a letter read to spe cial war conference of the United Automobile Workers CIO here Tuesday stated the governments intention to renegotiale The letter addressed to R J has not been ascertained the Thomas international spokesman said Chinese forces in Burma are cneaccd with the Japanese strik ing force to the south of Kyibuan gan in the Toungoo region he added The Japanese were said to be constructing defenses and not advancing On the Prome front the spokes man the Japanese were con tinuing to advance against the presidentstated The provision in some union contracts requiring double time or other premium pay for weekend and holiday work is quite under standable in peacetime But in wartime it puts a brake on pro duction It causes factories to close on Sundays and holidays It helps our enemies The presidents message to u j MIW mefaidgC to British defenders northward along Thomas came afler the unions in the frrawaddy river He said they ternational executive board had were pressing fonvard in 100 proposed that for the wars ciura Irucks accompanied by a number tion individual and family Ol tanks rnmps ho limMnrt in nnn comes be limited to a year in return for which labor would accept nonnegotiable defense 0w me prooicm wil bonds in icu of all overtime pay we have not decided han 40 hours a week He gave UAWC1O conference merchant of nattonal holiday work be waived Noting the recommendations of such byIO ishment New Cruiser Launched to Indian Defense Chief NEW DELHI India las agreed to appoint an Indian as defense minister Mohammed Ali Jinnah president of the Moslem eague said Tuesday Jinnah said this concession was wade by the British war cabinet n its reply to Indian criticism of he original British proposal for Indias postwar independence Nevertheless despite this offer nd renewed efforts by a United Itates envoy the leader ot the Hindu allIndian congress party expressed forthright objections to other phases of the program and signs grew that the whole plan probably would fail of general In dian acceptance bister ship of the U S S Cleveland launched several months ago the new cruiser U S S Denveris launched above at Camden N J Of the 10000ton class it soon will be ready to jointhebattle against the axis Knox States New Prbtectife Measures May Be Reason for East Coast Sub Raid Decline ever necessary to ensure that the savings from the relinquishment naa oeen attacked aion of double or premium time go not the coast during last week The to the pmnlovpr hlti olhpr attracts Says Navy Experience Shows UBoats Operate Mostly in Waves WASHINGTON Secretary of Navy Knox reported Tuesday that German Uboat attacks on shipping along the United States Atlantic const had dropped off considerably last week and that the drop might be due to protec tive methods recently enforced by the navy Discussing the submarine sit uation at a press conference Knox said that the navys ex perience with Uboat raiders Ihroushoul Ihe North Atlantic had shown Ihat they operate in waves In preparing your stories he told reporters it will be neces sary to keep that fact in mind be cause that may be responsible for the decline in coastal attacks last week On the other hand the drop may be due to methods newly adopted The navy announced 14 sub marine attacks in the western At lantic and adjacent waters last week Naval officials said how ever that only two of those on tanker and a tug with barges ac tually had been attacked aion other attacks occurred cither prior to March 29 or else were in the Caribbean area which Knox state ments did not cover Latest figures on announced At lantic coast shipping losses show lib ships have been sunk since Peart Harbor These included f9 off the Uniled Stale 23 off Can ada 30 in the Caribbean sea and four off South America Secretary Knox also disclosed that the government has under very careful study the problem of operating the American mer chant marine especially those ships on lone voyages Knox said there had been some difficulties in manning ships but how the problem will be solved of the situation at Present when asked whether lh u navy considering taking ove that douthe merchant ships and opcratin time wages for Sunday and them with naval crews He da wor clared that would be one way to no means certain that Ihat would be done In describing antisubmarine taken or in secretary said Tm l j lot mi navy soon would th tolal get for coastal patrols an addi for the common good tional 200 craft 110 feet long 250 craft 173 feet long and 150 cratt Blimp deliveries also are cominp along nicely Knox re ported explaining that small blimps capable of longr distance low speed cruises and of dis charging depth charges were proving very valuable in hunting submarines The secretary described other methods of defense against sub marines as Insistence that merchant ships travel in certain welldefined lanes along the coast We are now getting very complete obed ience for the rules laid down for lanes Knox said Provision of safe harbors fo ships to anchor in at night The secretary noted that subs had been most active at night Enlargement of air patrols in eluding the new plan of arm cooperation whereby army ai force units were assigned to Rea WASHINGTON sen ate voted 51 lo 10 Tuesday to sus authority to renegotiate far con tracts Earlier the senate had rejected the flat 6 per cent war profit limit voted by the house The pending senate compromise also would eliminate a sliding scale limit approved by the senate appropria tions committee Senator McKellar DTennj floor leader for the measure told the senate that the action would put theprofils limitation matter ing T5uy your defense savings stamps from your Globe Gazelle carrier boy or at the GG business office NAZIS ADMIT LINES PIERCED Russians Report Hitler Is Putting Clouds of Planes Into Struggle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russias armies have broken into German lines southeast of Lake Ilmen on the bloody Staraya Russa battlefield the Berlin radio acknowledged Tuesday while soviet dispatches indicated that Adolf Hitler now was throwing clouds of wnrplanes into the strug gle as a prelude to the nuzt spring offensive Red army dispatches said the Intensified aerial assault cost the Germans 415 planes in eight days with soviet losses held to 84 On Easter Sunday alone dispatches said Russian flyers and runners destroyed 119 Ger man aircraft In sky combat and attacks pa nazi airdromes A Berlin broadcast said strong tankled Russian forces smashed into nazi positions in the Lake Ilmen sector where remnants of the German IGlh army have been trapped for many weeks but de clared that the Germans had ad justed their lines after heavy bayonet fighting A bulletin from Hitlers field headquarters conceded that the Russians were pressing attacks on several sectors of the long thawing front but asserted that our own offensive operations brought further successes No details wove given The high command said 60 soviet planes were shot down or destroyed on the ground Monday DNB he official German news agency quoted nazi gen eral staff officers as sayine that winter warfare had completely exhausted the strength of the soviet armies The news agen cy also reported that spring mud was rendering roads im passable and thus precluding lareescalc movements British RAF bombers relent lessly continuing their great spring aerial offensive struck again into the German Ruhr and Rhineland overnight despite very bad weather to blast nazi wai foundries The attack followed crosschannel thrust by more thai ANYBREAKUPIN INDIAN STATES U S Apparently Tries to Stave Off Collapse of Negotiations By ROGER D BREENE Associated Press War Editor With Japanese bombers already attacking her cities leaders ot nvasiou threatened Indias 390 000000 suH shied at full wartime coopevation with Britain and the unitcrl nations Tuesday amid signs that negotiations again were breaking down In an apparent eleventhhour attempt to prevent 2 collapse of the discussions President Roosevelts envoy Louis John son was disclosed to have been in touch with the white house regarding developments Johnson talked anew with Mau lana Abul Kalnn Azad president oC the allIndia congress party and with Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru powerful former president nf the congress after Nehru had declared We have remained united in slavery and we shall remain united in freedom Nehru indicated he would op pose any attempt to break up In dia into separate states as might force units were assigned to Rear closscnannel llmist by more than Admiral Adolphus Andrews the F bombers Sunday night eastern sea frontier chief Damage was caused to houses Senate Will Consider Profit Limit in residental quarters a Bcrlh statement said There were some dead and injured among the ci vilian population Cant Get Repairs for Elevator Top 6 Floors to Be Evacuated ST LOUIS f uxjniij ku 10 ten pend its rules in order to consider cash customers a modified profit limit provision may ride but wont walk lo their vvr u evacuating the top six floors of the Commercial build ing Inability to obtain elevatoi repairs will cause the rental agcnU lo close all but the lower two floor after May 1 on war contracts offered by ad minislration lenders as a com promise amendment to the SI9 212773260 w a r appropriation bill Obtaining the twothirds ma jonty of those voting which is re quired to suspend rules in order to attach legislation to an appro priation bill administration lead crs expected speedy agreement to involved MASON CITY Colder night lowest temperature Wednesday morning 23 fresh winds Tuesday afternoon minishing Wednesday night lOWAr Colder frost or freezing temperature Tuesday night and early Wednesday diminishing winds Weather Report AO A x MINNESOTA Considerably colder ld Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon diminishing winds IN MASON CITY weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 41 32 33 LOUIS JOHNSON From U S occur under the British plan as serting I dont know what the future will bring but this country is one country The British government through its special envoy Sir Stafford Cripps has offered In dia postwar dominion status with the risht for individual stales lo secede in return for help in the fight against Ihe axis Under the plan Britain would direct Indias defenses for the duration of the war Informed sources at New Delhi the Indian capital said it was likely that the congress would de mand assurances that in a post war constitutional assembly the rep re Indian states would be n sented by popularly elected rep resentatives and not delegates of the ruling princes Dispatches from New Delhi said Sir Stafford was expected to make an announcement Wednes day which would indicate the success or failure of his mission Nehru speaking at a reception given by Thanu Pillay president of the Travancorc State Peoples conference described those who talk of treaties witli th Indian states as lunatics tools or knaves He also indicated that the British government or its emissary might say the Indian people had essential unity and that he would fight those who meant to disrupt India The tone of Nehrus speech was interpreted in some Indian quarters as meaning that the congress would not be satisfied only with a compromise on Ihe JAWAIIARLAL NEHRU Leader
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