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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 3, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PBSss AHD cgrra PBgsrou THt NIWSPAPtR THAT MAKtS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS IOWA FRIDAY APEIL 3 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS AF BOMBS NAZIS ON FRENCH COAST MUCH NHMN NEAR TOUNGOO British Admit Prome Abandoned But Deny Japs Land at Akyab CHUNGKING Chinese communique issued at Lashio Friday night said that Chinese forces in Burma were advancing against the Japanese and had re captured Keyungkang air field The Kyungon air field is about 10 miles north of Toungoo and presumably is thc same as Keyungkang air field mentioned in the Lashio communique The field was first seized by the Japanese in their flanking oper ations north of Toungoo but Chinese troops fought their way out of the trap with the aid of reinforcements coming down from the north The communique said that the Chinese advance was resumed on Wednesday presumably pushing southward toward Toungoo anc that much war material was cap tured Chinese troops in Ihe Toungoo area are under the direction of Lieut Gen Joseph W Stihvell U S A BRITISH FORCED TO FALL BACK AT PROIME NEW DELHI British announced Friday that they had been forced to fall back to fresh nor th Prome hithertowesternanchor ol the allied defense lines in Burma but officially denied reports of a Japanese landing at the West Bur ma port of Akyab barely 100 miles from the Bengal frontier which would have been an even greater setback y Although the wordingof the communique seemed to indicate abandonment of Prome mili spokesman said that so far the Japanese had moved uponly to the outskirts of the town 130 miles northwest of Rangoon and less than 100 miles south of the Yenangyaung oil fields The communique said the with drawal was made under heavy Japanese attack in which the in vaders penetrated to strategic heights just south of Prome The next main line of British resistance was not identified but presumably is between Prome and the Ma ton tributary of the Irra waddy some 20 miles north Denying Chungking reports of Thursday that Japanese forces covered by cruisers and destroy ers had landed at Akyab a mili tary spokesman said that Brit ish headquarters had been in contact with Akyab Friday morning and that there was no threat lo thc port at least up to midday if if H said there had been no land ings in that area where a Japa nese foothold would be a double edged potential invasion menace to India only 350 miles from Calcutta and a peril on Ihe flank of the British held line in the Prome sector Without giving Ihe specific new position of its forces the British command reported them holding covering positions north of the town early Thurs day morning and concen trated in new areas after strong enemy forces had won heights south of it On Wednesday evening the communique said our covering force in Prome was attacked by the enemy in considerable strength They penetrated the defense through jungle country east of the main road and secured ground south of Prome continued through out the night and our forces moved back to fresh covering positions north of the town early Thursday morning Thc rest of our forces are concen trated in new areas A Vichy radio broadcast heard by Reuters in London quoted Japanese reports as saying the British had evacuated Prome It also was the source of a re port that Chinese forces were re tiring northward in the Sittang area at the eastern end of the Burma line pursued by Japanese advance guards which it said had pushed almost 45 miles north of Toungoo on the road to Manda lay The British communique said Japanese spearheads were Ihrusiing west of the railroad on Chiang Urges By H U STIMSON NEW DELHI India eralissimo Chiang KaiShek ad vocate of war collaboration be tween 400000000 Chinese and 390000000 Indians was reported Friday to have intervened in Brit ishIndian negotiations urging ac ceptance of Britains proposal of postwar dominion status for In dia The generalissimo was said to have conveyed his views through a special messenger to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru a former president of the allIndia con gress pariy and a key leader in thc Indian politics The contents of the message were not disclosed Whether Chiang had committed himself on the specific point at special issue proposal that she re tain responsibility for Indian de not known The generalissimo on his Febru ary visit with Indian leaders ex pressed hope that the people of China and their brethren people of India give their united sup port to the principles embodied in the Atlantic charter and in the aomt declaration of the 26 united nations and ally themselves with the antiaggression front Me voiced hope and belief then that Britain without waiting for any demand on the part of the Indian people will as speed ily as possible give them real political power a policy which will rebound to the credit of Brittah empire The p artys working committee which replied to the British proposals Thursday with detailed objections met for an hour and a half Friday and ad journed until Saiurdaj The party president Maulana Abul Kalan Azad said no release time had been fixed for the resolution of reply already handed to the spe cial British envoy Sir Stafford Cripps Some quarters suggested that publication would be delayed un til Azad had conferred with the British commander for India General Sir Archibald F Wavell and until Sir Stafford had time to communicate the answer to the London war cabinet and receive a reply Wavell and Cripps con ferred at noon Friday Cripps who was to have depart ed Monday leaving the plan on a takeitorleaveit basis has post poned his going leaving the way open for further dickering with the congress and the chief minor ity political organization the all India Moslem league Mohammed AH Jinnah presi dent of the Moslem league and other members of the leagues working committee met at Alla habad Friday to draft their reply to the Cripps plan BRITISH PLANES OVER NARVIK LONDON relayed Stockholm report Friday that 17 British planes possibly based on an aircraft carrier flew over Narvik nazi occupied port in northern Norway Thursday The report published by the Swedish newspaper Helgens Ny hcler said Ihcre was no word of bombs having been dropped JAPTlANET BOMB DARWIN MELBOURNE UP Premier John Curtin said Friday that Japa nese planes which subjected Dar win to its eleventh raid Thursday dropped 35 bombs but caused only slight damage and one minor cas ualty the Sittang front and had reached a point southwest of Yedashe which is 15 miles north of Toungoo It declared however that Chi lese forces are still in control of he railway between Yedashe and he point immediately north of Toungoo The communique reported two air raids aimed against British elds Tuesday one in nd the other i Recapture Air Field YANKSMOPPING UPENEMYUNITS ON BATAAN LINE American Forces on Alert Against Third Jap Assault in 2 Days Ey EDWIN STOUT WASHINGTON front line troops stood alert Fri day against a third Japanese Bataan assault in two days read again to meet superior numbers and firepower with determinec counterattacks U S forces were reported officially to be mopping up Japanese units which broke through the main defense line in two heavy attacks Thursday only lo be pocketed by an American counterdrive The war department said a considerable number of Japanese units were in the pocket indi cating that whole platoons armed with grenadethrowers and ma chineguns faced the encircling American troops Each Japanese infantry platoon of 42 men has three rifle sections and a grenadethroiver section The rifle sections each have seven riflemen and a light machinegun The grenadethrower or teki danto sections have three gren ade dischargers capable of throw ing powerful 50 mm projectiles from 65 to 250 yards In addition the Japanese riflemen themselves carrry both hand grenades grenades The stick grenades a favorite with Germans and Italians as well as with the Jap anese arc small iron pots of ex plosive on fiveinch wooden handles These grenades have the lieft of claw hammers The Japanese lob them for con siderable distances The stick grenades depend mainly on heavy charges of lyddite for their effect rather than on the fragmentation as in American and British types Each grenade has two ounces of lyddite giving it about half the explosive power of a stick of dynamite Officers familiar with Japanese tactics said the encircled troops doubtless would dig in during the night in individual foxholes These holes have space for only one man and in Japanese are called go Individual Japanese may be able lo hold on in their gos for several days In a sack on his back each man carries one days emergency rations and five days supply of rice It was considered unlikely that the Japanese would try to aid their encircled units on Bataan by landing parachute troops Re ports on the first largescale Japa nese operation in the Dutch East Indies show it was far from suc cessful In this attack on Feb 14 the Japanese dropped 700 men from 100 planes around Palembang the oilrefining center in south Su matra Armed with light mortars and machineguns the parachut ists landed in three groups Their mission was to capture the flying field and oil refiner ies The mission failed Dutch defenders mopped up Ihe para chutists and destroyed the oil refineries and the airdrome runwajs The war department late Thursday gave this account of the newest lighting on Bataan Before daylight Thursday the Japanese made a heavy assault on the center of the U S line They advanced beyond outposts from which U S troops had been withdrawn but came under heavy American artillery fire American troops then counterattacked and recaptured the outposts At about 10 a m Thursday Japanese assault troops supported by a heavy concentration of artil lery fire advanced against the left center of the line In heavy fighting they penetrated the American main line U S troops counterattacked fiercely closed Mopping up operations were be lieved to be still in progress Fri day American troops had re stored the main line and inflicted rieavy casualties on the Japanese but suffered only slight casualties themselves BEDWELL IS CANDIDATE DES MOINES IJP Dwieh sss a now holds the post Uncle Sams New Battle Wagons of thc 30ton M4s are being turned out Bliss Defends Supreme Court of Advances Court Doesnt Aslc for Much Justice From Mason City Says DES MOINES WiThe legis lative interim committee and state supreme court members clashed here Thursday over the courts re cent order discontinuing publica tion of its opinions in advance sheets Publication of the advance sheets was authorized by the 1939 legislature and the service went to attorneys who sub scribed and to certain desig nated officials Chief Justice W L Bliss of Ma son City Associate Justice Fred eric M Miller and Code Editor F Fnville defended discontin uance of the advance sheets on the grounds of economy Faville told the interim committee there were only 332 paid subscribers when the sheets were and 314 others on the free list The project was creating a deficit of around a year Chief Justice Bliss indicated the court had acted unanimously in issuing the stop order Senator Howard W Baldwin CD Cascade declared I dont sec where thc court had the authority to stop the advance sheets when it was the wish of the legislature that lawyers liave this service The supreme court Justice Bliss replied doesnt ask for much but I do think ive should have something lo say about getting out our own reports The interim committee delayed yaction the matter lo give JUDGE WL BLISS Ttfll V t William Scarborough of West Des vloines formerly employed in preparation of the advance sheet a chance to be heard Senator Lcroy S Mercer D owa City told the committee he favors a 10 per cent salary in crease for state university and university hospital employes who receive less than a year Thc increases would require S75000 a year Mercer csfim alcd adding thai if it could he done it would be some of the best money we could spend There are 359 such employes in he university proper and 605 at he hospital he said Action was delayed by the com mittee The committee received a letter rom State Architect Ralph Ar Bryant school building at the northwest corner of the sfatehouse grounds be partially dismantled as a safety measure The state fire marshals office he state bureau of labor and thc state chemist have offices in the building Committee members declared the old stucco building is an eye ore and detracts from the beauty of the capitol grounds Buy your defense savings stamps rom your GlobeGazelle carrier boy or at Ihe GG business office J Ban Sales of New Bicycles for Adults WASHINGTON P The sale shipment delivery or transfer of new bicycles for adults was banned Friday lo halt a buying rush A rationing system will be set up soon to give defense work ers first call Another war production board order restricted the use of tin plated bottle caps and fluorescent lighting fixtures Notice was given that civilian use of copper would soon be curtailed further The bicycle order effective at p m eastern war time Thursday night applied to every bicycle with a frame mea surement of more than 19 inches from the center of the crank to he head of the saddle staff post which has never been used by an ultimate consumer It included socalled Victory models stripped of all nonessen tial gadgets and bright work which manufacturers turned to after having metal supplies cur tailed and being forbidden to make juvenile models The ban on sales a war pro duction board spokesman said applies even if a bicycle was ordered and paid for prior to the issuance of the order It was pointed out that stocks were at the lowest point on record because of a buying rush which followed a recent WPB order cur tailing production order was issued because of the terrific rate at which bi cycles have been going to people who dont need them with too few going to people like defense workers who have lo have them now or soon will need them ex plained M D Moore chief of the WPB bicycle section 70 Above Reported by Weather Bureau EES MOINES suinrner mthedaytimewintera tn igb t extremes mark Iowas wcathet these days The weather bureau reported that Albia Burlington and Kco kuic enjoyed the states warmest weather Thursday with lop read ings ot 70 degrees Thursday night however the mercury slipped to 28 above al a tempera ture not al ali encouraging to lilac buds Little change in temperature is expected Friday night There was no precipitation in the stale over night Plan Fingerprinting of Morrell Employes OTTUMWA T Henry Foster revealed that under orders from the war department all employes and officials of John Morrell and company will be fin gerprinted in the near future Plan Scrap Japs WiHi Scrap Drive YOUR SCRAP IRON WILL HELP WIN 1 Sec Sfory on Page 7 Discuss Price Freezing on All Consumer Goods WASHINGTON ordc freezing prices of all consumer goods not already under ceiling or ders it was learned Friday is under discussion between high of ficials of the office oC price ad ministration and the war produc tion board Such a blanket freezing or der to be applied al both retail and wholesale levels has been discussed for some time re sponsible OFA sources said and Ihe meetinjrs have been more frequenl recently A definite decision has not been reached it was said The action if forthcoming would take the form of a perman ent freezing order cutting prices back to the levels oC some chosen dale probably several months ago it was reported Numerous administration offi cials have voiced dissatisfaction with present price control meth ods holding them to be too slow to check air inflationary trend This feeling has been accentuated of new WPB cur uuuvllull orders of recent weeks affectin radios phonographs vacuum cleaners electrical appliances and many other major and minor con sumer items As each curtailment order has appeared a buying has occurred nnd prices have moved up resulting in such emergency action as Thursday nights freezing of bicycle sales Such a sweeping price control would represent abandonment of Price Administrator Leon Hendersons piecemeal theory ot combatting inflationThis theory calls for application of individ ual price orders to single items as each in turn got out of line Dissatisfaction with this method has been voiced in i number of quarters in recent da vs and at least one high OPA official Dex ter M Kcezcr charge of con sumer affairs recently admitted We arc losing the battle against inflation Although the action would be of emergency nature if finally ap proved it would not lake the form of a temporary 60day price or der ot the type usually issued to halt swiftly developing price trends OPA officials said This is because prices under such order by law must be frozen at thc highest levels in thc five days preceding issuance of the order Thus when word of the impend ing order leaks out to wholesalers distributors and it almost invariably docs prices tend to be advanced at consider able cost to consumers and when the order finally appears the prices are frozen at the new high levels A permanent price ceiling such as is contemplated would give no incentive to such price boosting because the fiveday provision would not apply Prices on farm products and items processed from agricultural products probably would be ex empted from any blanket price or der issued because the price con trol act makes special provision for them Presumably also some provision would have to be made for the protection of retailers whose price increases in the main Nave lagged to some extent be hind wholesale advances MANAGES HOSPITAL WASHINGTON Fred erick S Salisburyclinical direc tor at the Knoxvillc Iowa hospi al has been promoted to mana ger succeeding the late Dr George R Staltcr the veterans adminis ration announced Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not so warm Fri day afternoon as Thursday Not much change in temperature Friday night Warmer Saturday forenoon All temperatures above freezing IOWA Warmer near Missouri river cooler near Mississippi riv er little change in temperature elsewhere Friday and Friday evening MINNESOTA Somewhat warmer Friday and Friday evening IN MASON CITY iobeGazellc weather statistics Maximum Thursday 7 Minimum in night At 8 a m Friday 13 YEAR AGO Maximum rr Minimum 35 Precipitation 20 ATTACK COMES 12HOURS AFTER RAIDONBRITAIN Germany Believed Fearful of Invasion Raids British Ports L 0 N D 0 N UP The Royal AnForce using both bombers and fighters bombed German positions on or near the French coast late Friday afternoon within 12 hours after the German luftwaffc attacked Englands southern coast Thc RAF headed into the haze covering thc French coast Fighter planes al most skimming he water as they roared out over a southeast coastal town were followed by bombers and soon heavy explosions on he other side of the channel were heard The Germans apparently fearing that an attempted in vasion of France was im ineut sent over what pos sibly was the biggest night force ever to attack the coastal area The RAF planes had headed in the direction of Boulogne but the heaviest explosions appeared to come from the Calais and Cap GriiNez areas The ground on the English coast vibrated from the force ol the explosions Practically the whole cor nerof England closest to 0ccupHjaFranee the coast from which invasion craft would start for that part of the continent was show ered with German bombs Casualties were heavy in at least one big southeast coast town but it was evident the Germans were aiming at har bors and most bombs fell into the sea or along the shore line if Observers said that the fleet appeared to be the biggest which had ever attacked the coast bv night A Berlin repotted that Dover and Portland were the chief targets British bnmber planes con tinuing their sprinc offensive attacked the great Matford motor works 10 miles northwest of Paris for the second straight night and according to the air ministry did heavy damage The large Matford plant for merly Frances Ford works has been matte useless lo the Ger mans for months to come as the result of three RAF attacks with in the past month air officials said The plant uas called he second most vital target of the nazihcld Paris region British planes also bombed docks nt thc French invasion port of Le Havre and fighters attacked enemy airfields in occupied terri tory Two planes were missing At least two of the German planes were believed shot down Watchers saw one crash and an other was reported down United Tress observers who nave seen every coastal raid ot the xvar said they believed the southeast coast had never been attacked by such a bijr force of night bombers Explosions in dicated thai the Germans were using their hiKccst bombs Damace was not proportion ately heavy because of thc num ber of bombs which dropped into thc sea Also antiaircraft fire was dead y and people along the coast icard thc machine guns ot a strong force of Royal Air Force msht fighter planes which went nto action promptly racing through thc thick barrage of their own guns to attack raiders which the darting coastal searchlights picked out H was a big raid but it was a reversal of the position in the two preceding springs when Britain eared a German invasion at any time Now thc Germans appar ently were worried over the sibilily of a British invasion in force against thc French occupied coast Haiti waichcrs emphasized re peatedly during thc attack that many bombs were falline just off shore and it seemed certain that harbors not towns them selves were thc targets Thiil the bombing was not in discriminate was made plain by
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