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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 31, 1942, Mason City, Iowa OF NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND ARCHIVES UOINES L VOL XLvirT ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES K1VK CENTS A COPY NEWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 31 HOME EDITION UTTFj THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS NO 146 Assaults on Philippines Intense First Pictures From Beleaguered Isles Are Released by United States At the side of Gen Douglas MacArthur as he battled the Japs from Conegidor island fortress and the Bataan peninsula was his constant aide Mrs MacArthur In the they leave the offers mSs STuUaHa63 War thCY ae togetllcr Last Day DES MOINES Better get your Iowa state income tax return and check in the mail Tuesday night and save at least Si Tuesday is the last day for fil ing1942 returns on 1941 incomes without incurring delinquency penalties Tax commission officials have said they will accept with out penalty returns in envelopes postmarked before midnight Tues day night The penalty is 5 per cent of thu lax with a minimum assessment of 51 plu onehalf of one per cent for each month of delinquency Tax of more than S10 may be paid in two installments Tire Saving Results Almost Disastrous MELROSE Mass The all out effort on the home front near Charles L smmons his To conserve tires and gasoline the 35yearold milk dealer ex changed his truck for a hore which bolted the first day on le route when frightened by a train Simmons sustained near fatal in ternal injuries and a skull frac ture LEAVE IOWA CITY IOWA CITY OTcr Luthero son of Brazils President Oetulio Vargas and his wife left here Tuesday after spending a wekas guests of Dr Arthur head of the University of rowa orthopedics department in childrens hospital DIVORCED FROM FLYNN ANGELES The stormy marriage of Lila Damita and Errol Flynn of swashbuckling movie fame ended Tuesday The Frenchborn actress was granted a divorce on grounds of mental JAPS NEARING PROME Raids Set Jap New Guinea Bases Afire REPORT GANDHI SWINGS GROUP AGAINST CRIPPS AllIndia Congress Committee Continues to Debate British Offer By JOHN R MORRIS NEW DELHI India handas K Gandhi who often has stood against the British empire was reported Monday to have swung the allIndia congress working committee against accep tance ot Great Britains plan for enlisting an independent India in the war against Japan The consensus of the working committee of the majority party after hearing Gandhi and Presi dent Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad was for rejection ol the British plan which called for immediate Indian participation in home and empire councils and postwar do minion status No flat rejection was made however because he commit tee continued to debate on whether to advise Sir Stafford Cripps that the plan was un acceptable or to present to Him an alternative suggestion H was understood that if an al ternative suggestion was presented it would include the working com mittees rejection The working commiltee debate apparently did not mean collapse Cripps efforts to bring about Hospital in Bataan Raided LdldcUlacUUeU nr by Jap Planes ARE BATTERED IN RED ATTACKS WASHINGTON war department reported Tuesday that a base hospital in Bataan was bombed by the Japanese at noon Monday causing a number of cas ualties Plainly marked the hospital had been avoided carefully by enemy bombers until Monday the department said Heavy aerial bombardment of the Manila bay harbor defenses accompanied by lire from enemy shore batteries continued day and but night a communique said little damage has been in flicted and a battery firing from Fort Hughes hit and destroyed an enemy launch in Manila bay The text ot the communique No 169 based on reports received here up to a m central war time 1 Philippine theater Except for sharp clashes be tween patrols there was no ground fighting in Bataan during the past 24 hours The enemy con tinued aerial bombardment of our front lines and rear areas At noon on March 30 a base hospital in Bataan was bombed by the Japanese causing a number of casualties This hospital was plainly marked and had been carefully asoided by the enemy bombers until Monday Both day and night air raids on our harbor defenses continue intermittently Thus far little damage has been inflicted The day raids Monday were accom ityJ But it seemed to make cer tain that his efforts were gravely endangered unless some compro mise formula can be worked out quickly Gandhi as always in his pjppo sition to Britain was following a passive opposition policy His main opposition was said to be based on his policy of nonvio lence which made he British proposal for Indian participation in the war unacceptable Thai position was not regard ed as an impossible obstacle to agreement but he congress leaders were more slronffly ap posed to Cripps proposal on the grounds dial it might result in setting up a separate Moslem dominated dominion The position of Hawaharial Nehru former congress president still was uncertain but he wanted some changes in the British plan Cripps reportedly had been count ing heavily on Nehrus support as he had been mentioned as a can didate for the British war cabi net in event the plan is accepted dispatch to fhe British Ex change Telegraph agency said that Cripps had said he was prepar ing to leave India at once It Britains final wartime pro posal were rejected and that Nehru as well as Gandhi and Azad was opposing the British plan Discussionon Slacks for Women Employes of State Ends Quickly DES MOINES Iowa executive council made short work Monday of the question of slacks for women employes which was widely discussed at the statehouse last week The subject came up informally after other business had been dis posed of If theres nothing more impor tant for us to discuss than wom en s wearing apparel said State Treasurer w G C Bagley I move we adjourn The council did Weather Report FORECAST VASON CITY Not much change in temperature Tuesday after noon night and Wednesday forenoon Lowest Tuesday night 28 iOWA Not much change in tem perature Tuesday afternoon Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Nat much change in temperature Tuesday after noon Tuesday night and Wed nesday forenoon IN MASON CITY SlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 36 Minimum Monday night 29 At 8 a m Tuesday 29 YEAR AGO Maximum fit Minimum 34 fire Abattery firing from Fort Hughes destroyed an enemy launch in Manila bay 2 There is nothing to report from other areas New Toot CAMP DODGE Charles W Newell of Mason City looted abrand new call for th Iowa State guardsmen Tuesday All listened attentively but mi one knew what it was But tbc guardsmen learned fast The bugle call was pay day The guardsmen training here lined up to get the first pay for most of them They re ceive a month officers more according to their rank 3000 More Japs Are Ordered Out of Los Angeles Harbor Area SAN FRANCISCO fT The army Tuesday ordered 3000 Japa nese residents of the strategic Los Angeles harbor district to vacate by noon Pacific war time April 5 They must evacuate two pre scribed zones there and go to the new assembly center at the Santa Anita race track pending their removal This movement will bring to more than 5000 the total of Japa and aliens alike cleared from the Los Angeles area The army previously ordered all persons of Japanese ancestry cleared from Bainbridge island opposite the big Bremerton navy yard in Pugent sound Blackout Test in Kansas Is Success FORT RILEY Kans h c middlewest had its first blackout Monday square of central Kansas including 10 towns and the Fort Riley military reservation Military and civilian defense officials said the lest was successfuland only a few lights in the city of Manhattan remained on NAZI KEY BASES Germans Claim Air Successes Say 183 Soviet Tanks Wrecked By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russias armies pressing a re lentless spring offensive amid the thawing snows of winter were re ported battering heavily al key German bases along the entire front Tuesday while the nnzi high command claimed aerial successes and the destruction of 183 soviet tanks between March 23 and March 30 In he batde to keep allied supplies pouringinto llic V S S K the British admiralty re ported that British and Russian naval forces crippled a German destroyer and drove off attacks by nazi surface craft and U boals Sunday while escorting a convoy to Russia Three German submarines were severely damaged if not sunk the admiralty said while a Brit ish cruiser and a destroyer were damaged but reached port safely On the Russian land front so viet dispatches reported important new successes before Leningrad with the red army starting to roll back German and Finnish forces along the whole sector The soviet radio announced the an inipprtant strar tegic point inithe Leniffgrac area The point was not identified but Leningrads defenders have long been seeking to recapture Schluesselburg on Lake Ladoga to open a new land route of sup plies to the beleagured metropolis German field headquarters acknowledged severe Russian pressure in the Ukraine on the ccnlral Moscow front and in the far north but asserted hat nazi divebombers had frus trated a anklctl soviet attack in the critical battle around Lake Ifmcn The high command described the divebombing assault as taking plTe northeast of Lake Ilmen presumably referring to the Star aya Russa sector where the Ger man 6th army has been rapped for many weeks Soviet frontline dispatches said cd army cavalrymen attacking in Ihe same region northwest of Moscow beat off a stiff German attack forced fhe nazis to retreat and seized an important populated place A bulletin from Adolf Hitlers rieadquarters said German bomb ers again attacked the soviet Arctic supply port of Murmansk and claimed three British bombers were shot down in an attempt to fly by night into wegian territory occupied Nor of 3 Killed as Boiler of Locomotive in Indiana Explodes REDKEY Ind en gineer fireman and brafceman a westbound Nickel Plate rail road freight train were killed Tuesday by Ihe explosion of the locomotive boiler east of here The dead all from Lima Ohio were identified by Coroner Don ald Spahr as E L Benner cn jineer F i r e m a n Hershbcrger whose first name was not avail able and J E Schlcttcr the brakeman The coroner said he had re ports the water level in the boiler was low The engineer was blown 100 feet from the locomotive Buy your defense savings stamps rom your Globe Gazette carrier boy or at the GG business office Line Forms for Payday but Bagley Cant Get Vault Open formed at the vight as usual But there wasnt any money Clerks and stenographers who nke to the state treasurers office o cash their paychecks the mid dle and end of each month found he cupboard bare Or rather he cupboard was inside State Treasurer W G C Bagley couldnt get the vault open A locksmilli finally was called and he opened the safe after about an hours delay He explained the combination had crept a little Then thc line formed on the right as usual Allied Flyers Wreck Lae Air Hangars CANBERRA Australia apans invasion bases in New Guinea were reported set ablaze Tuesday by the bombs of Ameri canand Australian planes that ivc knocked out an estimated 30 enemy warships GO transports and 200 airplanes in the southwest Pacific since the war began Australian Prime Minister Jolm Curtin announced that the U S and Australian planes in a new offensive against the Japanese bases off Australias northern flank dcsiroycil hang ars and runways of thc air drome at Lae on hc New Guinea coast Monday Oilier Australian airmen struck at the Japanese bnse at Koepan on the Dutch island of Timor where six Japanese planes on the ground were believed to have been destroyed without loss to the attackers an official announce ment said The new successes of the allied airmen who have gained aerial superiority over New Guinea and New Britain according to an an nouncement Monday added to a rapidly rising toll of Japanese invasion ships naval vessels and planes in the struggle at the gate way to the united nations last base in the far Pacific Developments in the struggle Tuesday included attack on Lac airdrome by IJie allied planes believed to include flying fortresses which struck through bad weather and droppedtheir bombs from 26 000 feet r estimate by Col Eugene L Eiibank who commanded the American bomber forces in the Philippines and Java campaigns hat his planes had destroyed or badly damaged 16 Japanese war ships and 46 transports up to March 1 He said V S bombers definitely had destroyed 50 Jap anese fighters of 28 Jap csc at least 14 or damaged near islands north of Australia as re ported in Australian official state ments both before and since March 1 raising the total o about 30 warships GO transports and probably 200 planes although some of the damaged ships may have been attacked more than once Curtin gave a for mal pledge at Melbourne that neither the Australian ment nor the parliament would interfere or override the decis ions of Gen Douglas MacAr thurs supreme command of the war in the southwest Pacific forces slill were reported falling back northward upon Lae to escape flood waters pouring down thc Markham val ley war cabinet ap proved a reorganization of thc armed forces including appoint ment of nine new generals after a warning by Gen Sir Thomas Blarney that the nation must be prepared for an invasion and this year will determine whcther Australia is to live or die Curtin described M o n d a ys aerial attack on Lac as one of thc most successful of the repeated attacks on the enemy invasion base He said hat in Mondays raid on Darwin seven enemy bombers dropped between 25 and 30 bombs in a single stuttering run over an airdrome and that no casualties or damage had been reported One allied plane was lost in a dog tight he said but the crews vere believed safe In their march inlo heMark ham valley the Japanese hail sought new air bases to disperse Ihcir planes and evade just such raids as that Monday which had smashed dozens of their best fighters and bombers aground Now they were back on Huon gulf sheltering from the the sheetlike rain which had flooded the entire valley Port Moresby dispatches said hat the enemy now faced a rainy season just commencing which would extend through July and ccepjthe valley only practicable and route to the vital south coast under feet of water Experts believed that if the Japanese had sought to march overland through the valley to ort Moresby they had waited too ong Buy your defense savings stamps rom your Globe Gazette carrier boy or at hc GG business office Allies Lacking Plane Support NEW DELHI India pBrit isn forces in Burma in s difficult plight Tuesday fighlin with inadequate air support amid hostile people and apparently with their motorized vanguards cut off by a swiftdeep Japanese advance around their flank At the same time the Chinese defending the easternanchor of the united nations line guardin the road to Mandalay and to Die rich oil fields of inner Burma were fighting to holci the Toungoo stronghold against another driv ing enemy column The British communique said a mixed force of Japanese and Bur mese had penetrated to Shwc daung about 10 miles south of Prome deep behind British mo bile units m the Paungde area 20 miles farther south The enemy gain made by a force which crossed the Irra waddy river at Tonbo and cs ablishcdroadblocks al Shwc daunsr was made despite fierce resistance in which an Indian STRATEGIC CITY IS BARRIER TO RICH OIL FIELDS Chinese Claim 5000 Nipponese Killed in Battles Near Toungoo By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Chinese headquarters declared late Tuesday that more than 5 000 Japanese troops had been killed in bloody fighting around Toungoo on the left flank of the allied line in central Burma while on the other end of the front the British admitted a critical turn in thc struggle Previous reports had listed 18 000 Japanese troops engaged iu the Toungoo sector where the in vaders had apparently wrested control of at least half the town from Chinese defenders Heavy fighlin is stilt raging around he own Chinese com munique adding that Chi nese soldiers had recaptured he Japaneseheld airdrome at Ky ungon 10 miles nordi of Toun ROO A whole Japanese bat talion was there On the right flank Japanese columns driving toward he oil fields of northwest Burma and the gateway to India were acknowl edged to have advanced within 10 miles of Prome supported by traitorous Burmese natives Prome is the Britishheld an chor on Ilia light wing ot thc al lied defense hne in central Burma fST The cify is porlantas a barrier o herich Yenangauiig oil fields and also guards he Irrawaddy river route to Mandalay A British communique said the Japanese penetrated to Shwe daung 10 miles below Prome in heavy fighting in which Imperial Indian frontier troops infiicted 300 casualties and captured 70 prison ers The communique said British forces had launched an attack to clear enemy roadblocks in Shwe utung No information was avail able on the outcome Equally dark news came from lie Chineseheld left flank on he roungoo front where a communi quo said Chinese troops had with other forces to the north and east of Toungoo and re adjusted their position in that area This indicated that thc Chinese forces under the command of LieutGen Joseph W StilwelJ IT S A apparently had withdrawn from Toungoo later Chinese dispatches however said Chinese reinforce ments moving south to aid Gen StilwcUs hardpressed forces had occupied a railroad station 10 miles north of Toungoo anrt hail made contact ivith Chinese troops still holding out the part of Toungoo Simultaneously a x i s reports said he Japanese had carried oul heavy aerial raids on Mandalay md attacked other key points on the ToungooMandalay road cvi dcndy seeking to block the send ing of reinforcement1 The Rome radio quoted impe rial Tokio headquarters as saying a Japanese submarine operating m the Indian ocean attacked a British convoy cast of Ceylon
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